CN104590562B - A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane - Google Patents

A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104590562B
CN104590562B CN201510076222.6A CN201510076222A CN104590562B CN 104590562 B CN104590562 B CN 104590562B CN 201510076222 A CN201510076222 A CN 201510076222A CN 104590562 B CN104590562 B CN 104590562B
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unmanned plane
bomb
rifle
fire
drops
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CN201510076222.6A
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CN104590562A (en
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杜绍林
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马鞍山市赛迪智能科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane, belong to unmanned plane field.The Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present invention, including unmanned plane body, drop a bomb rifle and crashproof cover, described in the rifle that drops a bomb be arranged on below unmanned plane body, equipped with steering wheel on this rifle that drops a bomb, fire extinguisher bomb launched by the described servos control rifle that drops a bomb;Equipped with pointing device on the rifle that drops a bomb being set up in parallel, improve degree of accuracy of dropping a bomb;Described crashproof cover is cage structure, this cage structure be trapped among unmanned plane body peripheral protection unmanned plane body do not collided, propeller bracket is additionally provided with flameproof enclosure, with resist flare spray attack.The present invention can not be limited by territorial environment to be carried out skyscraper and slype pinpointing fire-fighting fire extinguishing, and unmanned plane body is difficult to be damaged by collision, and flight speed is fast, is active in one's movements, applied widely.

Description

A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane

Technical field

The present invention relates to unmanned air vehicle technique field, more particularly, it relates to a kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane.

Background technology

Along with urbanization advances, high building construction speed is accelerated, but the equipment development of reply tall-building fire fighting relatively lags behind.With Time, along with developing rapidly of chemical industry, it is in rising trend near the fire-fighting event processed that all kinds of easy blasts are not suitable for the mankind. In recent years, firefighters closely processes explosive case because tall-building fire fighting equipment is delayed, during fire-fighting and causes the number of casualties not Breaking and increase, the difficult problem in this fire-fighting does not has been resolved always.It mostly is that using hook and ladder to solve tall-building fire fighting asks at present Topic, the effective operation height of common hook and ladder is 30~50m, higher up to 60~70m.But fire fighting truck is because of volume relatively Greatly, limited by the unobstructed degree in street when responding fire-fighting, it is difficult to current in narrow street, usually can not be arrived in fire in the very first time Calamity is on-the-spot, causes fire to deteriorate further.

Skyscraper once breaking out of fire, having a significant feature is " stack effect ", it may be assumed that at the fire that low layer occurs The hot-air formed, because density is relatively low, is up flowed through lift trough or stair passage, just as in a huge chimney Air-flow, make hot gas constantly the top of passage gather, result is to make the intensity of a fire pass through the convection current of this air in mansion Top layer manufactures another scene of a fire.And along with the discharge of hot-air, fresh air constantly sucks from bottom floor, causes the intensity of a fire to be entered One step aggravation.Mostly this fire is to spread along lift trough or corridor passage, fireman can not as process common buildings fire that Sample is put out a fire from outside, can only wear air respiratorresuscitator and enter the scene of a fire, storm, by inside, big fire of putting out a fire to save life and property.But it is narrow at these Region, fire-extinguishing apparatus cannot effective operation, once fire spread is to high-rise floor, and fireman cannot carry fire-extinguishing apparatus and flutter Rescue, bring the biggest difficulty to rescue work.

Along with the development of science and technology, unmanned air vehicle technique reaches its maturity, and unmanned plane is fast with its speed, the feature of flexible operation is by extensively General application, and it is introduced in fire-fighting fire extinguishing field.Such as Chinese Patent Application No.: 201410259474.8, invention and created name is: The police unmanned plane and fire-extinguishing of high building, this application case discloses a kind of police unmanned plane and fire-extinguishing of high building, including unmanned plane and earth station two Part, unmanned plane includes unmanned plane main body, three axle The Cloud Terraces, fire extinguisher bomb launching tube and takes aim at tool, and unmanned plane main body positions built with GPS Device and radar avoiding device.Earth station can control the direction of three axle The Cloud Terraces so that taking aim at tool alignment burning things which may cause a fire disaster, fire extinguisher bomb is sent out afterwards Shooting cylinder launches fire extinguisher bomb, puts out burning things which may cause a fire disaster.The positional information of unmanned plane can be passed to earth station by GPS positioner, is shared with it His multiple unmanned planes, put out burning things which may cause a fire disaster jointly.But three heavier mass of axle The Cloud Terrace of this patent formula unmanned plane own, carry load pole For limited, and take aim at tool and cannot move, it is difficult to coordinating aiming with specifying launching tube, positioning precision is limited.

Summary of the invention

1. invention to solve the technical problem that

It is an object of the invention to overcome fire-fighting equipment in prior art to be difficult at skyscraper or narrow zone has The deficiency of effect fire-fighting operation, it is provided that a kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane, uses technical scheme, it is possible to be not subject to Region and environment limit and a little carry out fixed point to catching fire and put out a fire to save life and property, and can resist flare and spray and attack, and are hardly damaged.

2. technical scheme

For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the present invention provides is:

A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present invention, including unmanned plane body, also includes drop a bomb rifle and crashproof cover, The described rifle that drops a bomb is arranged on below unmanned plane body, equipped with steering wheel on this rifle that drops a bomb, described servos control drop a bomb rifle launch fire extinguishing Bullet;Described crashproof cover is cage structure, and this cage structure is trapped among unmanned plane body peripheral protection unmanned plane body and is not collided.

As further improvement of the present invention, described crashproof cover includes fixing axle, rotates guard and arc-shaped connecting rod, Described fixing axle is horizontally set with on unmanned plane body, and two rotation guards are symmetricly set on the two ends of fixing axle, and described arc connects Bar and two rotation guards are connected, and at least 3 arc-shaped connecting rods along the circumferentially-spaced distribution rotating guards.

As further improvement of the present invention, described rotation guard is convex globoidal structure, and this rotation guard is with solid Dead axle is that axle rotates.

As further improvement of the present invention, the described rifle that drops a bomb also includes that what launching tube was connected with launching tube puts Cylinder and be loaded on the pull bar putting cylinder tail end, described launching tube one end is hinged with the bottom support bracket of unmanned plane body, this transmitting Cylinder the other end be connected with pull rope one end, the described pull rope other end is wrapped in the rotating shaft of motor, this motor be arranged on Crossbeam between two adjoining spiral oar supports is connected.

As further improvement of the present invention, described steering wheel is arranged on to be put on cylinder, and this steering wheel is connected with emission control Plate, this launching board matches with the spring launch mechanism put in cylinder.

As further improvement of the present invention, described in drop a bomb at least two, rifle, and this rifle that drops a bomb is set up in parallel, and is throwing The launching tube playing rifle is provided with pointing device.

As further improvement of the present invention, described pointing device includes camera head, rack-plate and slide rail, described in take the photograph As in device equipped with miniature gears, described rack-plate is secured transverse on the launching tube that is set up in parallel, and this rack-plate upper surface sets There are the slide rail being parallel to each other, described miniature gears and the tooth bar engaged transmission on rack-plate, drive camera head sliding on slide rail Dynamic.

As further improvement of the present invention, two propeller brackets being connected with crossbeam are respectively equipped with flameproof enclosure.

As further improvement of the present invention, unmanned plane, with GPS and flight recorder, can record flight path, when Run into the bigger condition of a fire, when needing secondary to shoot the aerial fire-fighting of enforcement of same target, by unmanned plane record maiden flight height, warp Latitude coordinate, and record and launch its flight of manual operation after fire extinguisher bomb and return the track on ground.When surface personnel's secondary fills After carrying fire extinguisher bomb, starting and repeat modes of fire suppression, unmanned plane can fly back to former again according to the flight path of flight recorder record Flying height and longitude and latitude, it is achieved that secondary fast intelligent is put out a fire.

3. beneficial effect

The technical scheme using the present invention to provide, compared with prior art, has the advantages that

(1) a kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present invention, is provided with, below unmanned plane body, the rifle that drops a bomb, is dropping a bomb After rifle loads fire extinguisher bomb, utilize the sensitive rapid charater of unmanned plane, can fly within 10 seconds to 100 meters of high buildings, not by ground Reason environmental effect, it is possible to a little carry out fire-fighting fire extinguishing to catching fire in the very first time, the crashproof cover installed is trapped among unmanned plane, and this is external Week, and crashproof cover housing is made up of steel wire, the most lightly, also has certain elasticity, it is ensured that unmanned plane will not by emergency fire or The strong air flow that blast causes hits other buildings and damages;

(2) a kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present invention, the rotation guard of crashproof cover can be around solid fixed-axis rotation, nothing The sporting flying of man-machine body is independent of each other with the rotation of crashproof cover, enables unmanned plane along landing ground, body of wall flight, and rotation The convex globoidal structure of guard makes unmanned plane be converted into rolling with the friction that contacts on ground, metope rub along with rotating guard rotation Wipe, it is to avoid become the obstacle of unmanned plane during flying and advance, it is ensured that unmanned plane can in slype safety, quickly fly OK;

(3) a kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present invention, has multiple rifle that drops a bomb to be set up in parallel, utilizes motor to drive Pull rope regulates the crevice projection angle of the rifle that drops a bomb, and is provided with slidably camera head on rifle dropping a bomb, by controlling shooting dress The incident point of the different rifle that drops a bomb in the position put and then location, it is ensured that the accuracy of projection fire extinguisher bomb;

(4) a kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present invention, divides on two propeller brackets being connected with crossbeam Not being provided with flameproof enclosure, this flameproof enclosure can not only protect propeller blade not attacked by flare spray, also avoids the burst air-flows such as blast The interference causing unmanned plane during flying, decreases the fire field environment infringement to unmanned plane.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present invention;

Fig. 2 be the present invention drops a bomb rifle schematic diagram is set;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of crashproof cover in the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the close-up schematic view in Fig. 1 at A;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of flameproof enclosure in the present invention.

Label declaration in schematic diagram: 1, unmanned plane body;101, crossbeam;102, bottom support bracket;2, motor;3, traction Rope;401, launching tube;402, cylinder is put;403, pull bar;404, steering wheel;405, LED display lamp;501, camera head;502, tooth Batten;503, slide rail;601, fire prevention cover body;602, fixed plate;603, connecting plate;701, fixing axle;702, guard is rotated;703、 Arc-shaped connecting rod.

Detailed description of the invention

For further appreciating that present disclosure, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.

Embodiment 1

Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, a kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present embodiment, mainly by unmanned plane body 1, throwing Playing the composition such as rifle and crashproof cover, the crashproof cover in the present embodiment is circle cage structure, and this circle cage structure is trapped among unmanned plane body 1 Periphery, protection unmanned plane body 1 is not collided.Specifically, this crashproof cover includes fixing axle 701, rotates guard 702 and arc Connecting rod 703, fixing axle 701 is horizontally set with on unmanned plane body 1, and fixing axle 701 is vertically arranged with the rifle that drops a bomb.Two rotation nets Cover 702 is symmetricly set on the two ends of fixing axle 701, rotates guard 702 and is connected with fixing axle 701 by bearing, makes rotation guard 702 can rotate around fixing axle 701, and do not interfere with the stationarity of unmanned plane during flying;It is fixed with between two rotation guards 702 Arc-shaped connecting rod 703, has 5 arc-shaped connecting rods 703 to be distributed along the circumferential uniform intervals rotating guard 702, to strengthen crashproof cover Intensity.Above-mentioned rotation guard 702 and arc-shaped connecting rod 703 are all made up of steel wire, such crashproof cover not only light structure, Also there is certain elasticity, make unmanned plane can stand a certain degree of shock, will not by emergency fire or blast cause strong Air-flow hits other buildings and damages.Additionally, when unmanned plane is in narrow zone flight, crashproof cover protection propeller is not with outward Portion's object collision, the sporting flying of unmanned plane body 1 is non-interference with the rotation of crashproof cover, enables unmanned plane to fly along body of wall OK, it might even be possible in ground surface, rotation guard 702 is arranged to convex globoidal structure, it is ensured that will not turn on one's side in rolling process, Also reduce the frictional force rotating guard 702 when contacting with ground, body of wall, make unmanned plane and ground, metope contact friction with And rotate the rotation of guard 702 and be converted into rolling friction, it is to avoid become the obstacle of unmanned plane during flying and advance, simultaneously this rotation The convex globoidal structure of guard 702 plays cushioning effect, adds the protection that unmanned pusher side flies collision.

Referring to Fig. 2, the rifle that drops a bomb in the present embodiment is arranged on below unmanned plane body 1, equipped with steering wheel on this rifle that drops a bomb 404, described steering wheel 404 launches fire extinguisher bomb for the control rifle that drops a bomb.The rifle that drops a bomb also includes launching tube 401, is connected with launching tube 401 Logical puts cylinder 402 and is loaded on the pull bar 403 putting cylinder 402 tail end.Launching tube 401 one end therein and unmanned plane body 1 Bottom support bracket 102 hinged, the other end of this launching tube 401 is connected with pull rope 3 one end, described pull rope 3 other end be wound around In the rotating shaft of motor 2, this motor 2 and the crossbeam 101 being arranged between two adjoining spiral oar supports are connected.By motor 2 Forward or reverse motion can control the lifting of pull rope 3 or transfer, and then reach adjust launching tube 401 angle of inclination carry out The purpose aimed at.

Being provided with steering wheel 404 on cylinder 402 putting, this steering wheel 404 is connected with launching board, and this launching board inserts and puts Cylinder 402, and match with the spring launch mechanism put in cylinder 402, it is used for launching fire extinguisher bomb.In order to strengthen fire-fighting fire extinguishing energy 4 rifles that drop a bomb are set up in parallel by power, and can control fire territory area according to every fire extinguisher bomb is 60 squares of calculating, and 4 fire extinguisher bombs are permissible Effectively eliminate or control 200 squares with reducing internal heat territory, it is adaptable to practical situation built by current high residential building and office building.Meanwhile, also Avoid the single rifle that drops a bomb not enough because of the amount of shooting, need aircraft second load ammunition and the problem of wasting valuable rescue time. It addition, according to the difference of the actual condition of a fire, 4 rifles that drop a bomb are according to differences such as electric energy burning things which may cause a fire disaster, chemical energy burning things which may cause a fire disaster and scorching hot object burning things which may cause a fire disaster Burning things which may cause a fire disaster, installs different types of fire extinguisher bomb, or is adjusted shooting sequence by ground staff according to the condition of a fire, so that fire extinguisher bomb phase interworking Close, promote the effect of fire-fighting fire extinguishing further.

It is known that fireman cannot from external observation to skyscraper in the intensity of a fire and burning things which may cause a fire disaster, more can not see clearly Measure location and the transmitting situation of the rifle that drops a bomb, thus fill pointing device on the launching tube 401 of the rifle that drops a bomb.Referring to Fig. 4, this is taken aim at Quasi-mechanism includes camera head 501, rack-plate 502 and slide rail 503, equipped with miniature gears in described camera head 501, and described tooth Batten 502 is secured transverse on the launching tube 401 that is set up in parallel, is provided with, at rack-plate 502 upper surface, the slide rail being parallel to each other 503, slide rail 503 is vertically arranged with launching tube 401, and camera head 501 is connected with slide rail 503, miniature gears and rack-plate 502 On tooth bar engaged transmission, and then drive camera head 501 slide on slide rail 503 appointment position, it is ensured that drops a bomb is accurate Property.Additionally, at launching tube 401 transmitting terminal equipped with LED display lamp 405, in the case of shooting, LED display lamp 405 is shown in green, When zero load, LED display lamp 405 is red, and camera head 501 is aiming at simultaneously, can observe current launching tube 401 with or without going out Fire bullet is available for launching.

What deserves to be explained is, two propeller brackets being connected with crossbeam 101 in the present embodiment are respectively equipped with flameproof enclosure. Referring to Fig. 5, this flameproof enclosure includes that prevent fires cover body 601, fixed plate 602 and connecting plate 603, fire prevention cover body 601 are set by 3 block gaps The connecting plate 603 put is connected with fixed plate 602, and fixed plate 602 is connected with propeller bracket by U-bolt.Above-mentioned flameproof enclosure Body 601 is trapped among in circular arc on front side of unmanned plane propeller, it is possible to protection propeller blade is not attacked by flare spray, decreases scene of a fire ring The border infringement to unmanned plane.

Additionally, the unmanned plane of the present embodiment is four-axle aircraft, its flexible movements, it is simple to manipulation, and use bi-motor double Paddle structure, not only adds load capacity, and flight speed can reach 60 kilometers per hour, can fly to 100 within 10 seconds Meter Gao Lou, and do not affected by geographical environment, it is possible to a little carrying out fire-fighting fire extinguishing in the very first time to catching fire, operational danger is little, solves Determine the fire-fighting difficult problem of skyscraper.

Embodiment 2

A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present embodiment, its basic structure is same as in Example 1, its difference It is: having two rifles that drop a bomb to be set up in parallel, arc-shaped connecting rod 703 has 3.

Embodiment 3

A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane of the present embodiment, its basic structure is same as in Example 1, its difference It is: the described rifle that drops a bomb has 6, and 6 rifles that drop a bomb are divided into two rows and are set up in parallel.

Time specifically used, ground control system remote control fire-fighting unmanned plane flying to specifying region, camera head 501 will shooting Picture is sent to ground control system by radio transmitting device, and can observe over the display, and ground observation personnel find fire Behind calamity hidden danger key area, suitably adjust fuselage direction, rotate according to observation picture remote-control motor 2, tighten up or transfer pull rope 3, make the lens barrel of camera head 501 aim at conflagration area, then manipulation steering wheel 404 opens launching board, spring launch mechanism Collapse out rapidly, by accurate for fire extinguisher bomb directive conflagration area.When LED display lamp 405 is shown in red, driven by remote control unit Micro-shape pinion rotation, it is green launching tube 401 position that camera head 501 slides into LED display lamp 405, for launching next time Prepare.The unmanned plane body 1 of the present embodiment can be positioned by GPS, and carries flight recorder, when running into relatively big fire Feelings, when needing secondary to shoot the aerial fire-fighting of enforcement of same target, ground staff, after unmanned plane launches fire extinguisher bomb first, can open Dynamic flight recorder, by unmanned plane record current flight height, latitude and longitude coordinates, and record after transmitting fire extinguisher bomb manual operation its Flight returns the track on ground.When, after surface personnel's twice loading fire extinguisher bomb, starting and repeat modes of fire suppression, unmanned plane can depend on Again fly back to former flying height and longitude and latitude according to the flight path of flight recorder record, it is achieved that secondary fast intelligent goes out Fire.Shoot from 100 meters of high-altitudes returns it was verified that repeat modes of fire suppression, then fly to launching fire extinguisher bomb air position first, whole Process only needs 1 minute, and whole-process high-efficiency is quick.

It should be noted that because told about unmanned plane is mainly used for pinpointing fire-fighting, so putting cylinder in embodiment 402 built-in be fire extinguisher bomb, but this unmanned plane can also be applied to other occasions, and lower of concrete condition need to be by tear bombnoun, smog Bullets etc. load puts cylinder 402.

Schematically being described the present invention and embodiment thereof above, this description does not has restricted, institute in accompanying drawing Show is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited thereto.So, if the common skill of this area Art personnel enlightened by it, in the case of without departing from the invention objective, designs and this technical scheme without creative Similar frame mode and embodiment, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. an Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane, including unmanned plane body (1), it is characterised in that: also include dropping a bomb rifle with anti- Hit cover, described in drop a bomb rifle be arranged on unmanned plane body (1) lower section, equipped with steering wheel (404) on this rifle that drops a bomb, described steering wheel (404) Control the rifle transmitting fire extinguisher bomb that drops a bomb;Described crashproof cover is cage structure, and this cage structure is trapped among the protection of unmanned plane body (1) periphery Unmanned plane body (1) is not collided;
Described crashproof cover includes fixing axle (701), rotates guard (702) and arc-shaped connecting rod (703), described fixing axle (701) being horizontally set with on unmanned plane body (1), and fixing axle (701) is vertically arranged with the rifle that drops a bomb, two rotation guards (702) are right Claiming the two ends being arranged on fixing axle (701), described arc-shaped connecting rod (703) is connected with two rotation guards (702), and at least 3 arc-shaped connecting rods (703) are along the circumferential uniform intervals distribution rotating guard (702);Described rotation guard (702) is convex arc Face structure, and this rotation guard (702) with fixing axle (701) be axle rotate;
What the described rifle that drops a bomb also included that launching tube (401) is connected with launching tube (401) put cylinder (402) and being loaded on is put Bottom support bracket (102) hinge of the pull bar (403) of cylinder (402) tail end, described launching tube (401) one end and unmanned plane body (1) Connecing, the other end of this launching tube (401) is connected with pull rope (3) one end, and described pull rope (3) other end is wrapped in motor (2) Rotating shaft on, this motor (2) and the crossbeam (101) that is arranged between two adjoining spiral oar supports are connected.
A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described steering wheel (404) Being arranged on and put on cylinder (402), this steering wheel (404) is connected with launching board, this launching board and the bullet put in cylinder (402) Spring trigger mechanism matches.
A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that drop a bomb rifle described in: at least Two, and this rifle that drops a bomb is set up in parallel, and is provided with pointing device on the launching tube (401) of the rifle that drops a bomb.
A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described pointing device includes Camera head (501), rack-plate (502) and slide rail (503), equipped with miniature gears in described camera head (501), described tooth bar Plate (502) is secured transverse on the launching tube (401) that is arranged side by side, and this rack-plate (502) upper surface is provided with the cunning being parallel to each other Rail (503), described miniature gears and the tooth bar engaged transmission on rack-plate (502), drive camera head (501) at slide rail (503) upper slip.
A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: it is connected with crossbeam (101) Two propeller brackets on be respectively equipped with flameproof enclosure.
CN201510076222.6A 2015-02-12 2015-02-12 A kind of Anti-collision fixed point fire-fighting unmanned plane CN104590562B (en)

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WO2019151112A1 (en) * 2018-02-05 2019-08-08 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Aircraft, flight system, and structure inspection system
CN109573038A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-04-05 湖南新业态智慧消防科技有限公司 A kind of fire-fighting unmanned plane

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