CN104585524A - Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104585524A
CN104585524A CN201410813395.7A CN201410813395A CN104585524A CN 104585524 A CN104585524 A CN 104585524A CN 201410813395 A CN201410813395 A CN 201410813395A CN 104585524 A CN104585524 A CN 104585524A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
feed
grass carp
bagasse
vitamin
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410813395.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨秋慧
徐国华
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杨秋慧
徐国华
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Application filed by 杨秋慧, 徐国华 filed Critical 杨秋慧
Priority to CN201410813395.7A priority Critical patent/CN104585524A/en
Publication of CN104585524A publication Critical patent/CN104585524A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a grass carp feed and a preparation method thereof. The feed is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 15-25 parts of bagasse, 25-40 parts of cassava vinasse, 10-20 parts of fish meal, 20-30 parts of soya-bean cake, 20-35 parts of corn flour, 15-25 parts of bran, 1-3 parts of salt, 2-5 parts of zeolite powder, 1-3 parts of monocalcium phosphate and 2-4 parts of vitamin. The grass carp feed disclosed by the invention is prepared from the following raw materials such as bagasse and cassava vinasse, so that waste can be changed into treasures; the cost of the feed can also be reduced; meanwhile, digestive absorption of the feed can be promoted; the feed is high in protein, abundant in nutrient, and balanced in nutrition; rapid growth of grass carp can be facilitated; and the process for preparing the feed is simple, simple and convenient to operate and low in preparation cost.

Description

A kind of feed of grass carp and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fish meal, particularly a kind of feed of grass carp and preparation method thereof, belongs to technical field of aquaculture feedstuff.
Background technology
Grass carp belongs to Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscinae grass carp and belongs to.Being commonly called as of grass carp: grass carp, oily grass carp, careless grass carp, ctenopharyngodon idellus, grass carp, grass roots, charlatan, black black carp etc.Inhabit the rivers and lakes of plains region, general happiness occupy middle lower floor and offshore many pasture and water region of water.Property active, swimming rapidly, often hunts in packs.Grass carp also has abundant nutritional labeling, wherein heat (kilocalorie) 112, potassium (milligram) 312, phosphorus (milligram) 203, cholesterol (milligram) 86, sodium (milligram) 46, calcium (milligram) 38, magnesium (milligram) 31, protein (gram) 16.6, folic acid (microgram) 15.5, vitamin A (microgram) 11, selenium (microgram) 6.66, fat (gram) 5.2, nicotinic acid (milligram) 2.8, vitamin E (milligram) 2.03, zinc (milligram) 0.87, iron (milligram) 0.8, vitamin B2 (milligram) 0.11, vitamin B6 (milligram) 0.1, copper (milligram) 0.05, manganese (milligram) 0.05, vitamin B1 (milligram) 0.04.Grass carp is also the cultured fishes that the emphasis scientific research of World Water industry is cultivated, and is described as one of main source of following animal protein.
Along with the raising of people's living standard, the demand of people to aquatic products increases day by day, and along with the development of culture fishery, the demand of feed is increasing, and the document found at present about feed of grass carp is as follows:
1. denomination of invention: a kind of feed of grass carp and preparation method thereof, Authorization Notice No.: CN 101991027 B, the invention discloses a kind of feed of grass carp and preparation method thereof, this feed of grass carp secondary powder, oil cake of flax seed, corn protein powder, malt root corn germ cake, dregs of beans, cotton dregs, the dish dregs of rice, fish meal, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, Choline Chloride 50%, bentonite, fat emulsifier, grass carp premix and VE is coordinated to form.This feed exists that cost is high, raw material sources not defect widely.
2. denomination of invention: a kind of feed of grass carp and production method of adding the fermentation dish dregs of rice and fermentation cotton dregs, Authorization Notice No.: CN 102258158 B, the invention discloses and provide a kind of feed of grass carp, this feed mainly uses the fermentation dish dregs of rice and fermentation cotton dregs instead of uses dregs of beans and fish meal as raw material, then adds rice bran, wheat, calcium dihydrogen phosphate and multiple
Vitamin and trace element are made.This feed cost is lower, but this feed nutrient is comprehensive not, and nutrition is balanced not, and protein ingredient is lower.
At present, feed of grass carp market sold also exists the defects such as cost is low, protein ingredient is low, nutritional labeling is comprehensive, nutrition is unbalanced, raw material sources are not extensive, non-digestible.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve that feed of grass carp also exists that cost is low, protein ingredient is low, nutritional labeling not comprehensively, the defect such as nutrition is unbalanced, raw material sources are not extensive, non-digestible, a kind of high protein, rich in nutrition content are provided, balanced in nutrition, cost is low, raw material sources are extensive, the feed of grass carp of absorption easy to digest.
For realizing above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of feed of grass carp, is made up of the component of following parts by weight:
Bagasse 15-25 part, cassava vinasse 25-40 part, fish meal 10-20 part, soya-bean cake 20-30 part, corn flour 20-35 part, wheat bran 15-25 part, salt 1-3 part, zeolite powder 2-5 part, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-3 part, vitamin 2-4 part.
Preferably, a kind of feed of grass carp, is grouped into by the one-tenth of following ratio of weight and number:
Bagasse 20 parts, cassava vinasse 35 parts, fish meal 15 parts, soya-bean cake 25 parts, corn flour 25 parts, 20 parts, wheat bran, salt 2 parts, zeolite powder 4 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2 parts, vitamin 3 parts.
Dregs when described bagasse is sugaring after squeezing, quality is thick and stiff, account for 24% ~ 27%(wherein moisture content about 50% of sugarcane), often produce the sucrose of one ton, the bagasse of 2 ~ 3 tons will be produced, at present, bagasse is all generally be used for separately feeding grass carp, but the content of the protein of bagasse and energy is all lower, need to mix into feed with the composition such as protein, starch, effect can be relatively good.
Described cassava vinasse is that cassava or cassava to produce after starch gained manioc waste through the solid waste of fermenting and producing alcohol, main component is crude protein 6-10%, crude fibre 23-26%, crude fat 2.7%, moisture about 15%, 18 seed amino acids 11%, containing abundant B family vitamin, saccharomycete body protein and various somatomedin.
The invention provides the preparation method of this feed of grass carp, its concrete steps are:
(1) each raw material is taken by the ratio of weight and number of above-mentioned feed;
(2) step 1) is taken after each raw material mixes and dry, make its moisture lower than 10%, be crushed to 40-80 order, obtain mix powder;
(3) at high temperature granulated at steam engine granulating system by mix powder, particle diameter is 2.0-3.0mm, obtains feed granules;
(4) dried by feed granules under 90-100 DEG C of condition, be up to the standards packaging.
Further, described step (3) is granulated under the high temperature of 80-90 DEG C.
Described steam engine is conventional granulator, buys in Jiangxi blue light mechanical & electronic equipment corporation, Ltd.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that obtains of the present invention:
(1) employing bagasse, cassava vinasse are raw material, not only discarded object can be turned waste into wealth, the cost of feed can also be reduced, cassava vinasse is also containing 18 seed amino acids, containing abundant B family vitamin, saccharomycete body protein and various somatomedin, absorption easy to digest, can promote the growth of fish fast.
(2) nutritional labeling of this feed is comprehensive, balanced in nutrition, can promote the growth of grass carp health.
(3) cost of material that uses of this feed is low, and raw material sources are also very extensive.
(4) preparation technology of this feed is simple, and simple to operate, preparation cost is also very low.
Detailed description of the invention
embodiment 1
In ratio of weight and number, take bagasse 15 parts, cassava vinasse 25 parts, fish meal 10 parts, soya-bean cake 20 parts, corn flour 20 parts, 15 parts, wheat bran, salt 1 part, zeolite powder 2 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1 part, vitamin 2 parts; Dry after each raw material is mixed, make its moisture lower than 10%, be crushed to 40 orders, obtain mix powder.
Granulated under 80 DEG C of high temperature at steam engine granulating system by said mixture powder, particle diameter is 2mm, obtains feed granules, and dried by feed granules under 100 DEG C of conditions, be up to the standards packaging, can obtain feed.
embodiment 2
In ratio of weight and number, take bagasse 20 parts, cassava vinasse 30 parts, fish meal 12 parts, soya-bean cake 20 parts, corn flour 25 parts, 15 parts, wheat bran, salt 1 part, zeolite powder 3 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2 parts, vitamin 3 parts; Dry after each raw material is mixed, make its moisture lower than 10%, be crushed to 60 orders, obtain mix powder.
Granulated under 90 DEG C of high temperature at steam engine granulating system by said mixture powder, particle diameter is 2.5mm, obtains feed granules, and dried by feed granules under 120 DEG C of conditions, be up to the standards packaging, can obtain feed.
embodiment 3
Take bagasse 20kg, cassava vinasse 35kg, fish meal 15kg, soya-bean cake 25kg, corn flour 25kg, wheat bran 20kg, salt 2kg, zeolite powder 4kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2kg, vitamin 3kg; Dry after each raw material is mixed, make its moisture lower than 10%, be crushed to 60 orders, obtain mix powder.
Granulated under 85 DEG C of high temperature at steam engine granulating system by said mixture powder, particle diameter is 2.5mm, obtains feed granules, and dried by feed granules under 110 DEG C of conditions, be up to the standards packaging, can obtain feed.
embodiment 4
Take bagasse 20kg, cassava vinasse 35kg, fish meal 15kg, soya-bean cake 25kg, corn flour 30kg, wheat bran 25kg, salt 2kg, zeolite powder 4kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3kg, vitamin 4kg; Dry after each raw material is mixed, make its moisture lower than 10%, be crushed to 80 orders, obtain mix powder.
Granulated under 90 DEG C of high temperature at steam engine granulating system by said mixture powder, particle diameter is 3.0mm, obtains feed granules, and dried by feed granules under 100 DEG C of conditions, be up to the standards packaging, can obtain feed.
embodiment 5
Take bagasse 25kg, cassava vinasse 40kg, fish meal 20kg, soya-bean cake 30kg, corn flour 35kg, wheat bran 25kg, salt 3kg, zeolite powder 5kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3kg, vitamin 4kg; Dry after each raw material is mixed, make its moisture lower than 10%, be crushed to 60 orders, obtain mix powder.
Granulated under 85 DEG C of high temperature at steam engine granulating system by said mixture powder, particle diameter is 2.5mm, obtains feed granules, and dried by feed granules under 120 DEG C of conditions, be up to the standards packaging, can obtain feed.
Below in conjunction with comparative example, the beneficial effect that embodiment obtains is further illustrated.
Common grass carp feed 1: this feed is bought in Nanning Bai Yang feed technology Co., Ltd.
Common grass carp feed 2: this feed is bought in Guangxi Ao Hua agriculture and animal husbandry Science and Technology Ltd..
Subjects is 100g Grass carps' fries, cultivation density is identical, random branch mailbox, every case 15 tail, take enforcement 1 respectively, the feed of embodiment 3 and embodiment 5 identical weight, throw something and feed every day 2 (8:00, 16:00), after cultivating half a year, 3 tails got at random by every case, measure the average weight of every case Tilapia mossambica, show that the average weight of embodiment 1 group is 2.62kg by experiment, the average weight that embodiment is 3 groups is 2.75kg, the average weight that embodiment is 5 groups is 2.78kg, use the average weight of normal diet 1 in the market for 2.51kg, normal diet 2 is 2.43kg, can be drawn by experimental result, use the feed that the feed ratio market of the embodiment of the present invention uses, significant difference.

Claims (4)

1. a feed of grass carp, is characterized in that: be made up of the component of following parts by weight:
Bagasse 15-25 part, cassava vinasse 25-40 part, fish meal 10-20 part, soya-bean cake 20-30 part, corn flour 20-35 part, wheat bran 15-25 part, salt 1-3 part, zeolite powder 2-5 part, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-3 part, vitamin 2-4 part.
2. feed of grass carp according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be made up of the component of following parts by weight:
Bagasse 20 parts, cassava vinasse 35 parts, fish meal 15 parts, soya-bean cake 25 parts, corn flour 25 parts, 20 parts, wheat bran, salt 2 parts, zeolite powder 4 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2 parts, vitamin 3 parts.
3. a preparation method for the feed of grass carp as described in as arbitrary in claim 1-2, the method comprises the following steps successively:
(1) each raw material is taken by the ratio of weight and number of above-mentioned feed;
(2) step 1) is taken after each raw material mixes and dry, make its moisture lower than 10%, be crushed to 40-80 order, obtain mix powder;
(3) at high temperature granulated at steam engine granulating system by mix powder, particle diameter is 2.0-3.0mm, obtains feed granules;
(4) dried by feed granules under 100-120 DEG C of condition, be up to the standards packaging.
4. the preparation method of a kind of tilapia feed according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described step (3) is granulated under the high temperature of 80-90 DEG C.
CN201410813395.7A 2014-12-24 2014-12-24 Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof CN104585524A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724827A (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-07-06 苏远芳 Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN107568461A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-01-12 桂林市宏远能源科技服务有限公司 A kind of method that goldfish feed is produced using bagasse

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869211A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-27 广东通威饲料有限公司 Compound feed for young grass carps
CN101897381A (en) * 2010-07-19 2010-12-01 湖南农业大学 Method for producing microbial feed additive by utilizing potato vinasse
CN102919606A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-02-13 曹永平 Grass carp feed
CN103583852A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-02-19 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Ctenopharyngodon idellus feed and preparation method thereof
CN103947900A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-07-30 王和绥 Feed for breeding crucian carp

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869211A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-27 广东通威饲料有限公司 Compound feed for young grass carps
CN101897381A (en) * 2010-07-19 2010-12-01 湖南农业大学 Method for producing microbial feed additive by utilizing potato vinasse
CN102919606A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-02-13 曹永平 Grass carp feed
CN103583852A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-02-19 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Ctenopharyngodon idellus feed and preparation method thereof
CN103947900A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-07-30 王和绥 Feed for breeding crucian carp

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陈三斌主编: "《农用化工产品手册》", 30 April 2008, 金盾出版社 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724827A (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-07-06 苏远芳 Grass carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN107568461A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-01-12 桂林市宏远能源科技服务有限公司 A kind of method that goldfish feed is produced using bagasse

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Application publication date: 20150506