CN104584814A - Balanced fertilization method under condition of wheat/corn one-year-two-harvest cultivation total straw returning - Google Patents

Balanced fertilization method under condition of wheat/corn one-year-two-harvest cultivation total straw returning Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104584814A
CN104584814A CN201410832051.0A CN201410832051A CN104584814A CN 104584814 A CN104584814 A CN 104584814A CN 201410832051 A CN201410832051 A CN 201410832051A CN 104584814 A CN104584814 A CN 104584814A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
corn
wheat
straw
season
amount
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410832051.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104584814B (en
Inventor
党建友
裴雪霞
谢咸升
张晶
王敏
段学艳
卫玲
甄胜虎
程麦凤
郭亮虎
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WHEAT RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Original Assignee
WHEAT RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by WHEAT RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES filed Critical WHEAT RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Priority to CN201410832051.0A priority Critical patent/CN104584814B/en
Publication of CN104584814A publication Critical patent/CN104584814A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104584814B publication Critical patent/CN104584814B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to a balanced fertilization method under the condition of wheat/corn one-year-two-harvest cultivation total straw returning. In the winter wheat season, corn ears are harvested when corn is ripe, straw and root remains are smashed, or the straw and the root remains are smashed while the corn ears are harvested by a machine, the corn straw and the root remains are smashed once again before soil preparation, base fertilizer is applied, soil is subjected to rotary tillage or is subjected to ploughing to bury the corn straw, then rotary tillage is conducted, wheat is sown, and topdressing is carried out in the jointing stage; in the summer corn season, wheat is harvested by the machine when being ripe, meanwhile, wheat straw is smashed, the wheat straw is made to cover the field, then corn is subjected to no-till machine seeding or manual dibble seeding, wheat stubble cleaning is carried out at the corn seedling stage, topdressing is performed at the belltop stage and the anthesis maturity period, or the corn is subjected to no-till machine seeding, meanwhile, seed fertilizer is applied, and topdressing is performed at the belltop stage and the anthesis maturity period. According to the balanced fertilization method, wheat and corn are used as one fertilization unit, the fertilizing amount and the fertilizing method are balanced, the full stand and healthy seedling and the high and stable yield of wheat and corn are guaranteed, soil organic matter is increased, the soil fertility is raised, sustainable highyield is achieved, and the fertilizer utilization efficiency is improved.

Description

Balanced fertilizing method under wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fertilizing method of crop-planting production process, under being specifically related to a kind of wheat/corn two crops a year crops straw total crop return condition, winter wheat per mu yield 500 ~ 600kg, summer corn per mu yield 600 ~ 700kg, the balanced fertilizing method under medium and above fertility level.
Background technology
China's crops straw stock number is huge, and year, stalk output was at about 7.6 hundred million t, the nitrogen (N), the phosphorus (P that wherein contain 2o 5), potassium (K 2o) nutrients resource quantity reaches 7,760,000 t, 2,490,000 t, 1,342 ten thousand t respectively, the highest with corn, paddy rice and wheat stalk output.Crops straw is important organic fertilizer resource, accounts for 16.6% of organic manure resource, and is rich in crop required C, N, P, K and Meso-and micro-nutrients.Stalk is gone back field for a long time and can be improved water use efficiency, regulates soil temperature, reduces topsoil soils unit weight, improves porosity, maintain soil acidity or alkalinity; Improve the soil organic matter and nutrient content; Improve soil microbe quantity, Microbial Community Diversity and soil enzyme activities; Increase crop yield; Reduce greenhouse gas emission.But how to apply fertilizer after returning total stalks into fields to raising crop yield play a key effect.
The planting type that south, wheat/corn two crops a year Zhi Shi Shanxi Province is main, accounting for about 85% of replay area, is also the leading planting type of Shandong, Henan, wheat main producing region, Hebei.In 20th century, wheat and maize stalk is mainly burned or is saved as fuel, animal and fowl fodder, is even arbitrarily abandoned.Enter 21 century, along with country is to the attention of agricultural, wheat and corn price rises year by year, the extensive use of high-power field-returning machine tool, and the also field rate of wheat and maize stalk promotes greatly.In recent years, along with the renewal of high yielding variety and the progress of cultivation management measure, crop yield improves constantly, Active allelochemical also constantly increases, for (wheat 500 ~ 600kg/ the mu of high-yield field in wheat and corn, corn 600 ~ 700kg/ mu) there is following problem in the fertilizing method of wheat and maize two season crops straw total crop return: one is that centering High-yield Wheat and the research of corn regulation of fertilizer requirement are very few, cause fertilizing time asynchronous with the crop maximum Nutrient Absorption phase, cause the waste of fertilizer and crop alimentary surplus or not enough; Two is rotary tillage sowing wheats after maize straw, soil C/N ratio is generally 55 ~ 65:1, and the C/N ratio that straw decomposing is suitable for should be 25 ~ 30:1, therefore a considerable amount of nitrogen is needed during microbial decomposition, routine move after executing nitrogen or front nitrogen technology (wheat nitrogenous fertilizer Dressing ratios is 3:7 ~ 5:5) easily cause straw decomposing slowly, seedling stage straw decomposing and crop seedling biology strive nitrogen, make the yellow seedling of wheat seedling weak, thus affect later period growth and development; Three is do not considered as the equilibrium of fertigation unit by wheat and maize, and Term Fertilization is partial to the crop of high financial profit, and blindly fertilising easily causes environmental pollution, utilization rate of fertilizer lower, and peasant economy benefit is not high, and it is lower to plant grain enthusiasm; Four are heavy nitrogen applications, Shaoshi or do not execute phosphorus potash fertilizer and micro-fertilizer, have impact on wheat and corn two season two high yield.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve wheat/corn two crops a year system, under two season crops straw total crop return conditions, unreasonable fertilizing amount, fertilization mode and uneven the apply fertilizer wheat seedling that causes and the maize straw biology that becomes thoroughly decomposed strives the problems such as the wheat seedling Huang seedling that nitrogen causes is weak, the corn underproduction, utilization rate of fertilizer is low, environmental pollution is serious, thus provides high-yield field wheat/corn two crops a year crops straw total crop return balanced fertilizing method in one.
For solving above technical problem, the scheme that the present invention adopts is:
A kind of wheat and corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields balanced fertilizing method, comprises step:
(1) winter wheat season, harvesting corn fruit ear when corn is ripe, corn ear crushing straw and root stubble simultaneously received by crushing straw and root stubble or machine, crushing maize stalk and root stubble 1 time again before whole ground, use base fertilizer, rotary tillage soil or deep ploughing are turned over and are buried maize straw, and then rotary tillage, sowing wheat, topdressed in group joint phase;
Winter wheat season, amount of nitrogen was 40% ~ 50% of the total amount of nitrogen of two season crops, base executes nitrogen and shooting stage, and to impose nitrogen ratio be between 7:3 ~ 10:0, phosphorus application amount, amount of potassium applied account for 55% ~ 60% and 40% ~ 50% of the two total phosphorus application amounts of season crop and amount of potassium applied respectively, rates of zinc and Shi Meng amount all account for 50% of the total amount of application of two season crops, and phosphorus, potassium, zinc, manganese fertilizer all apply by base manure is disposable;
(2) summer corn season, treat that wheat pulverizes wheat straw while zooming in wheat ripe opportunity, by Wheat-straw mulching field, then, 1. hard stubble machine sowing corn or artificial dibbling corn, carry out wheat stubble-cleaning at Maize at Seedling Stage, topdress in trumpet period and flower grain phase, it is 2:1 that trumpet period imposes nitrogen with spending the grain phase to impose nitrogen ratio;
Or 2. hard stubble machine sowing corn, executes seed manure simultaneously, topdress in trumpet period and flower grain phase, seed-fertilizer applying nitrogen: trumpet period imposes nitrogen: the flower grain phase imposes nitrogen=1:6:3;
Summer corn season, amount of nitrogen was 50% ~ 60% of the total amount of nitrogen of two season crops, phosphorus application amount, amount of potassium applied account for 40% ~ 45% and 50% ~ 60% of the two total phosphorus application amounts of season crop and amount of potassium applied respectively, rates of zinc and Shi Meng amount all account for 50% of the total amount of application of two season crops, and phosphorus, potassium, zinc, manganese fertilizer to apply or seed manure is disposable applies trumpet period is disposable.
Every mu of total fertilizing amount is pure N 33 ~ 38kg, P 2o 514 ~ 18kg, K 2o 8 ~ 10kg, ZnSO 42 ~ 4kg, MnSO 42 ~ 4kg.
Wheat stubble height should be no more than 25cm, and high-stubble is no more than 35cm, and the wheat straw length after pulverizing is not more than 15cm; Corn straw smashing length is no more than 10 centimetres, and root stubble percentage of damage should be greater than 85%, and after maize straw, rotary tillage immediately or stubble-cleaning of raking the soil level, make stalk be evenly distributed on the topsoil of 10 ~ 15 centimetres; When deep ploughing is turned over and buried stalk, tilling depth should be greater than 25 centimetres, and rotary tillage makes for 2 times stalk and soil mix.
Wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields balanced fertilizing method of the present invention, wheat stalk in spite of illness can not direct returning to farmland, otherwise summer, corn easily disease occurred; Maize straw direct returning to farmland, a large amount of insect ovum, pathogen are easily ploughed under soil, must dress seed before wheat cultivation with insecticide, bactericide.
Wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields balanced fertilizing method of the present invention, maize straw sowing wheat, wheat stalk returning seeding corn, according to wheat and maize target output, wheat closes corn regulation of fertilizer requirement, straw-returning becomes thoroughly decomposed characteristic, using wheat, corn as a fertigation unit, balance fertilizing amount and fertilizing method, ensure that wheat and maize full stand and healthy seedling, stable high yield, improve the soil organic matter, culture fertility, Sustainable high yield, improve fertilizer utilization efficiency, improve ecological benefits and economic benefit simultaneously.
Compared with traditional " move after fertile, the front nitrogen of diazonium, phosphorus potassium micro-fertile heavy dressing wheat season, Super-high-yielding excessive fertilization " fertilizer application mode, the present invention has following features:
(1) using wheat and corn as a fertigation unit, winter wheat and summer corn phosphate fertilizer, micro-fertilizer is adopted to lay equal stress on, the balanced fertilizing method of corn heavy dressing nitrogen, potash fertilizer, meet the nutrient demand in winter wheat, summer corn time of infertility, avoid the burning seedling phenomenon using seedling stage in current Maize Production high-nitrogen compound fertilizer to cause in a large number, reach the dual purpose of crop yield and raising utilization rate of fertilizer;
(2) under maize straw total crop return, nitrogenous fertilizer at the bottom of the heavy dressing of winter wheat season, regulates winter wheat soil in seedling stage C/N ratio, effectively alleviates the pressure that Wheat Seedling and straw decomposing strive nitrogen, solves the problem that Winter Wheat Seedling is yellow, seedling is weak, strong sprout before the cultivation winter;
(3) adopt seed manure, trumpet period and flower grain phase to topdress the fertilization mode matched in corn season, prevent de-fertile, the early ageing of corn later stage, avoid blindly excessive fertilization, improve corn yield.
(4) balanced fertilizing method of the present invention, under wheat and corn returning total stalks into fields, make soil organic matter content improve 0.7 ~ 3.2g/kg, topsoil soils unit weight reduces by 0.13 ~ 0.21g/cm 3.Winter wheat and yield of Summer Corn improve 10.6 ~ 26.5% and 15.3 ~ 30.2% respectively, and nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potassium utilization rate improve 4.33 ~ 14.67%, 2.44 ~ 3.67% and 5.57 ~ 17.48% respectively.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Maize straw sowing wheat, wheat stalk returning seeding corn.
Winter wheat season, harvesting corn fruit ear when corn is ripe, corn ear crushing straw and root stubble simultaneously received by crushing straw and root stubble or machine, crushing maize stalk and root stubble 1 time again before whole ground, use base fertilizer, rotary tillage soil or deep ploughing are turned over and are buried maize straw, and then rotary tillage, sowing wheat, topdressed in group joint phase.Winter wheat season every mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil: urea (N46.2%) 10.85kg, diammonium phosphate (N-P:18-46) 23.48kg, potassium sulfate (K 2o 50%) 10kg, zinc sulphate 1kg, manganese sulphate 2kg; Shooting stage imposes urea 8.57kg.
In summer corn season, treat that wheat pulverizes wheat straw while zooming in wheat ripe opportunity, by Wheat-straw mulching field, hard stubble machine sowing corn, executes seed manure simultaneously, topdresses in trumpet period and flower grain phase.Corn season every mu executes seed manure: urea (N46.2%) 4.29kg; The typhon mouth phase imposes urea (N46.2%) 19.62kg, diammonium phosphate (N-P:18-46) 15.65kg, potassium sulfate (K 2o 50%) 10kg, zinc sulphate 1kg, manganese sulphate 2kg, the florescence imposes urea (N46.2%) 12.86kg.
The total fertilizing amount of this balanced fertilizing method every mu is: pure N 33kg, P 2o 518kg, K 2o 10kg, ZnSO 42kg, MnSO 44kg.Wherein amount of nitrogen is 40% of the total amount of nitrogen of two season crops winter wheat season, base executes nitrogen and shooting stage, and to impose nitrogen ratio be 7:3, phosphorus application amount, amount of potassium applied account for 60% and 50% of the two total phosphorus application amounts of season crop and amount of potassium applied respectively, and rates of zinc and Shi Meng amount all account for 50% of the total amount of application of two season crops; Summer corn season seed-fertilizer applying nitrogen: trumpet period imposes nitrogen: flower the grain phase impose nitrogen=1:6:3.
Through field trial, by using above-mentioned wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields balanced fertilizing method, comparatively peasant convention fertilizing method (wheat Ji Mu bottom application composite fertilizer 50kg(N-P 2o 5-K 2o=25-13-7), the shooting stage imposes 10kg urea; The typhon mouth phase in corn season imposes 20kg urea), winter wheat on average increases production 18.68%, and summer corn on average increases production 29.33%; Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium utilization rate average mark you can well imagine high by 7.13%, 2.55% and 12.30%; After 2 rotation cycle, soil organic matter content on average improves 0.7g/kg, and the bulk density of soil on average reduces 0.16g/cm 3.
Embodiment 2
Maize straw sowing wheat, wheat stalk returning seeding corn.
Winter wheat season, harvesting corn fruit ear when corn is ripe, corn ear crushing straw and root stubble simultaneously received by crushing straw and root stubble or machine, crushing maize stalk and root stubble 1 time again before whole ground, use base fertilizer, rotary tillage soil or deep ploughing are turned over and are buried maize straw, and then rotary tillage, sowing wheat, topdressed in group joint phase.Wheat season every mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil: urea (N46.2%) 21.67kg, diammonium phosphate (N-P:18-46) 18.26kg, potassium sulfate (K 2o 50%) 8kg, zinc sulphate 2kg, manganese sulphate 2kg; Shooting stage imposes urea 12.34kg.
In summer corn season, treat that wheat pulverizes wheat straw while zooming in wheat ripe opportunity, by Wheat-straw mulching field, hard stubble machine sowing corn, executes seed manure simultaneously, topdresses in trumpet period and flower grain phase.Corn season every mu executes seed manure: urea (N46.2%) 4.11kg; The typhon mouth phase imposes urea (N46.2%) 19.93kg, diammonium phosphate (N-P:18-46) 12.17kg, potassium sulfate (K 2o 50%) 12kg, zinc sulphate 2kg, manganese sulphate 2kg, the florescence imposes urea (N46.2%) 12.34kg.
The total fertilizing amount of this balanced fertilizing method every mu is: pure N 38kg, P 2o 514kg, K 2o 10kg, ZnSO 44kg, MnSO 44kg.Wherein amount of nitrogen is 50% of the total amount of nitrogen of two season crops winter wheat season, base executes nitrogen and shooting stage, and to impose nitrogen ratio be 7:3, phosphorus application amount, amount of potassium applied account for 60% and 40% of the two total phosphorus application amounts of season crop and amount of potassium applied respectively, and rates of zinc and Shi Meng amount all account for 50% of the total amount of application of two season crops; Summer corn season seed-fertilizer applying nitrogen: trumpet period imposes nitrogen: flower the grain phase impose nitrogen=1:6:3.
Through field trial, by using above-mentioned wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields balanced fertilizing method, comparatively peasant convention fertilizing method (wheat Ji Mu bottom application composite fertilizer 50kg(N-P 2o 5-K 2o=25-13-7), the shooting stage imposes 10kg urea; The typhon mouth phase in corn season imposes 20kg urea), winter wheat on average increases production 15.46%, and summer corn on average increases production 23.58%; Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium utilization rate improve 10.22%, 3.72% and 8.35% respectively; After 2 rotation cycle, soil organic matter content on average improves 1.7 g/kg, and the bulk density of soil on average reduces 0.17g/cm 3.
Embodiment 3
Maize straw sowing wheat, wheat stalk returning seeding corn.
Winter wheat season, harvesting corn fruit ear when corn is ripe, corn ear crushing straw and root stubble simultaneously received by crushing straw and root stubble or machine, crushing maize stalk and root stubble 1 time again before whole ground, use base fertilizer, rotary tillage soil or deep ploughing are turned over and are buried maize straw, and then rotary tillage, sowing wheat, topdressed in group joint phase.Wheat season every mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil: urea (N46.2%) 25.21kg, diammonium phosphate (N-P:18-46) 19.73kg, potassium sulfate (K 2o 50%) 8kg, zinc sulphate 1kg, manganese sulphate 1kg.
Hard stubble machine sowing corn or artificial dibbling corn, carry out wheat stubble-cleaning at Maize at Seedling Stage, topdresses in trumpet period and flower grain phase.Corn season every mu fertilising: the typhon mouth phase imposes urea (N46.2%) 26.61kg, diammonium phosphate (N-P:18-46) 16.14 kg, potassium sulfate (K 2o 50%) 8kg, zinc sulphate 1kg, manganese sulphate 1kg, the florescence imposes urea (N46.2%) 16.45kg.
The total fertilizing amount of this balanced fertilizing method every mu is: pure N 38kg, P 2o 516.5kg, K 2o 8kg, ZnSO 42kg, MnSO 42kg.Wherein amount of nitrogen is 40% of the total amount of nitrogen of two season crops winter wheat season, base executes nitrogen and shooting stage, and to impose nitrogen ratio be 10:0, phosphorus application amount, amount of potassium applied account for 55% and 50% of the two total phosphorus application amounts of season crop and amount of potassium applied respectively, and rates of zinc and Shi Meng amount all account for 50% of the total amount of application of two season crops; Summer corn season, trumpet period imposed nitrogen: the flower grain phase imposes nitrogen=2:1.
Through field trial, by using above-mentioned wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields balanced fertilizing method, comparatively peasant convention fertilizing method (wheat Ji Mu bottom application composite fertilizer 50kg(N-P 2o 5-K 2o=20-15-8), the shooting stage imposes 10kg urea; The typhon mouth phase in corn season imposes 10kg urea), winter wheat on average increases production 25.64%, and summer corn on average increases production 20.15%; Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium utilization rate improve 13.52%, 3.02% and 6.45% respectively; After 2 rotation cycle, soil organic matter content improves 2.7 g/kg, and the bulk density of soil on average reduces 0.21g/cm 3.
Embodiment 4
Maize straw sowing wheat, wheat stalk returning seeding corn.
Winter wheat season, harvesting corn fruit ear when corn is ripe, corn ear crushing straw and root stubble simultaneously received by crushing straw and root stubble or machine, crushing maize stalk and root stubble 1 time again before whole ground, use base fertilizer, rotary tillage soil or deep ploughing are turned over and are buried maize straw, and then rotary tillage, sowing wheat, topdressed in group joint phase.Wheat season every mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil: urea (N46.2%) 20.75kg, diammonium phosphate (N-P:18-46) 16.74kg, potassium sulfate (K 2o 50%) 10kg, zinc sulphate 1kg, manganese sulphate 2kg.
In summer corn season, treat that wheat pulverizes wheat straw while zooming in wheat ripe opportunity, by Wheat-straw mulching field, hard stubble machine sowing corn, executes seed manure simultaneously, topdresses in trumpet period and flower grain phase.Corn season every mu executes seed manure: urea (N46.2%) 3.90kg; The typhon mouth phase imposes urea (N46.2%) 18.04kg, diammonium phosphate (N-P:18-46) 13.70kg, potassium sulfate (K 2o 50%) 10kg, zinc sulphate 1kg, manganese sulphate 2kg, the florescence imposes urea (N46.2%) 11.69kg.
The total fertilizing amount of this balanced fertilizing method every mu is: pure N 36kg, P 2o 514kg, K 2o 10kg, ZnSO 42kg, MnSO 44kg.Wherein amount of nitrogen is 50% of the total amount of nitrogen of two season crops winter wheat season, base executes nitrogen and shooting stage, and to impose nitrogen ratio be 7:3, phosphorus application amount, amount of potassium applied account for 55% and 50% of the two total phosphorus application amounts of season crop and amount of potassium applied respectively, and rates of zinc and Shi Meng amount all account for 50% of the total amount of application of two season crops; Summer corn season seed-fertilizer applying nitrogen: trumpet period imposes nitrogen: flower the grain phase impose nitrogen=1:6:3.
Through field trial, by using above-mentioned wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields balanced fertilizing method, comparatively peasant convention fertilizing method (wheat Ji Mu bottom application composite fertilizer 50kg(N-P 2o 5-K 2o=20-15-8), the shooting stage imposes 50kg urea; The typhon mouth phase in corn season imposes 10kg urea), winter wheat on average increases production 17.58%, and summer corn on average increases production 24.81%; Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium utilization rate improve 10.52%, 2.61% and 5.33% respectively, and after 2 rotation cycle, soil organic matter content on average improves 1.23 g/kg, and the bulk density of soil on average reduces 0.18g/cm 3.

Claims (3)

1. a balanced fertilizing method under wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields, is characterized in that:
(1) winter wheat season, harvesting corn fruit ear when corn is ripe, corn ear crushing straw and root stubble simultaneously received by crushing straw and root stubble or machine, crushing maize stalk and root stubble 1 time again before whole ground, use base fertilizer, rotary tillage soil or deep ploughing are turned over and are buried maize straw, and then rotary tillage, sowing wheat, topdressed in group joint phase;
Winter wheat season, amount of nitrogen was 40% ~ 50% of the total amount of nitrogen of two season crops, base executes nitrogen and shooting stage, and to impose nitrogen ratio be between 7:3 ~ 10:0, phosphorus application amount, amount of potassium applied account for 55% ~ 60% and 40% ~ 50% of the two total phosphorus application amounts of season crop and amount of potassium applied respectively, rates of zinc and Shi Meng amount all account for 50% of the total amount of application of two season crops, and phosphorus, potassium, zinc, manganese fertilizer all apply by base manure is disposable;
(2) summer corn season, treat that wheat pulverizes wheat straw while zooming in wheat ripe opportunity, by Wheat-straw mulching field, then, 1. hard stubble machine sowing corn or artificial dibbling corn, carry out wheat stubble-cleaning at Maize at Seedling Stage, topdress in trumpet period and flower grain phase, it is 2:1 that trumpet period imposes nitrogen with spending the grain phase to impose nitrogen ratio;
Or 2. hard stubble machine sowing corn, executes seed manure simultaneously, topdress in trumpet period and flower grain phase, seed-fertilizer applying nitrogen: trumpet period imposes nitrogen: the flower grain phase imposes nitrogen=1:6:3;
Summer corn season, amount of nitrogen was 50% ~ 60% of the total amount of nitrogen of two season crops, phosphorus application amount, amount of potassium applied account for 40% ~ 45% and 50% ~ 60% of the two total phosphorus application amounts of season crop and amount of potassium applied respectively, rates of zinc and Shi Meng amount all account for 50% of the total amount of application of two season crops, and phosphorus, potassium, zinc, manganese fertilizer to apply or seed manure is disposable applies trumpet period is disposable.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: every mu of total fertilizing amount is pure N 33 ~ 38kg, P 2o 514 ~ 18kg, K 2o 8 ~ 10kg, ZnSO 42 ~ 4kg, MnSO 42 ~ 4kg.
3. method according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: wheat stubble height should be no more than 25cm, and high-stubble is no more than 35cm, and the wheat straw length after pulverizing is not more than 15cm; Corn straw smashing length is no more than 10 centimetres, and root stubble percentage of damage should be greater than 85%, and after maize straw, rotary tillage immediately or stubble-cleaning of raking the soil level, make stalk be evenly distributed on the topsoil of 10 ~ 15 centimetres; When deep ploughing is turned over and buried stalk, tilling depth should be greater than 25 centimetres, and rotary tillage makes for 2 times stalk and soil mix.
CN201410832051.0A 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 Balanced fertilizing method under wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields Active CN104584814B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410832051.0A CN104584814B (en) 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 Balanced fertilizing method under wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410832051.0A CN104584814B (en) 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 Balanced fertilizing method under wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104584814A true CN104584814A (en) 2015-05-06
CN104584814B CN104584814B (en) 2017-06-23

Family

ID=53111158

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410832051.0A Active CN104584814B (en) 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 Balanced fertilizing method under wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104584814B (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105766120A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-20 安徽省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Method for utilizing straw deep placement and returning application for improving soil fertility and crop yield
CN106233907A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-12-21 山东农业大学 Winter Wheat Root layer liquid manure supply and demand time and space usage regulation and control method
CN106508339A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-03-22 吉林省农业科学院 Planting method based on total returning of corn straws to field
CN106508410A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-03-22 山西省农业科学院小麦研究所 High-yield and high-efficient cultivation method based on improvement for both variety and sowing period of wheat and maize
CN106900198A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-30 河北省农林科学院农业资源环境研究所 Solve the stalk processing method that also field straw decomposition strives nitrogen
CN107047045A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-08-18 安徽农业大学 A kind of Huang-Huai-Hai southern areas wheat and corn anniversary increases production breeding method
CN108142030A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-06-12 鞍山市欣鑫农资销售连锁有限公司 A kind of corn soil improvement combating drought and raising yields method
CN108623358A (en) * 2017-03-21 2018-10-09 郭婧 A kind of special balanced nutritious fertilizer cultivated for wheat and barley
CN108633653A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-10-12 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 A kind of the phosphate fertilizer method and implantation methods of the crop rotation of wheat jade
CN109349030A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-02-19 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of method that corn straw smashing revolves mixed returning to the field maize planting
CN110150062A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-08-23 河北科技师范学院 The implantation methods that a kind of spring wheat, summer corn yield two crops a year
CN110800439A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-02-18 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Fertilizing method for returning straws to field instead of potassium in wheat-jade double-cropping grain field

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101699961A (en) * 2009-11-13 2010-05-05 山东省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Integrated fertilization method under condition of NPKS of double-cropping crops of wheat and corn
CN103053256A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-04-24 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Few-no-tillage-soil seeding and fertilizing method for wheat and corns under complete straw mulching condition
CN103518527A (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-01-22 山东省农业科学院玉米研究所 Water-saving fertilizer-saving method for crop rotation of winter wheat and summer maize
CN103597975A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-26 赵刚 Summer maize cultivation method
CN104186156A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-12-10 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 Winter wheat high-yield cultivation fertilizing method considering environment capacity in moisture soil region of north Henan province

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101699961A (en) * 2009-11-13 2010-05-05 山东省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Integrated fertilization method under condition of NPKS of double-cropping crops of wheat and corn
CN103053256A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-04-24 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Few-no-tillage-soil seeding and fertilizing method for wheat and corns under complete straw mulching condition
CN103597975A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-26 赵刚 Summer maize cultivation method
CN103518527A (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-01-22 山东省农业科学院玉米研究所 Water-saving fertilizer-saving method for crop rotation of winter wheat and summer maize
CN104186156A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-12-10 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 Winter wheat high-yield cultivation fertilizing method considering environment capacity in moisture soil region of north Henan province

Non-Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
党建友等: "玉米秸秆还田条件下冬灌时间与施氮方式对冬小麦生长发育及水肥利用效率的影响", 《麦类作物学报》 *
宋玉梅等: "《高产创建示范创新及技术推广》", 30 April 2014 *
张福锁等: "《中国主要作物施肥指南》", 28 February 2009 *
李玮等: "秸秆还田和施肥对砂姜黑土理化性质及小麦-玉米产量的影响", 《生态学报》 *
王兴仁等: "《肥料与施肥手册》", 30 September 2013 *

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105766120A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-20 安徽省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Method for utilizing straw deep placement and returning application for improving soil fertility and crop yield
CN106233907A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-12-21 山东农业大学 Winter Wheat Root layer liquid manure supply and demand time and space usage regulation and control method
CN106508339A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-03-22 吉林省农业科学院 Planting method based on total returning of corn straws to field
CN106508339B (en) * 2016-10-09 2018-08-24 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of implantation methods based on maize straw total crop return
CN106508410A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-03-22 山西省农业科学院小麦研究所 High-yield and high-efficient cultivation method based on improvement for both variety and sowing period of wheat and maize
CN108623358A (en) * 2017-03-21 2018-10-09 郭婧 A kind of special balanced nutritious fertilizer cultivated for wheat and barley
CN106900198A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-30 河北省农林科学院农业资源环境研究所 Solve the stalk processing method that also field straw decomposition strives nitrogen
CN106900198B (en) * 2017-03-24 2020-03-10 河北省农林科学院农业资源环境研究所 Straw treatment method for solving nitrogen contention caused by decomposition of returned straws
CN107047045A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-08-18 安徽农业大学 A kind of Huang-Huai-Hai southern areas wheat and corn anniversary increases production breeding method
CN108142030A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-06-12 鞍山市欣鑫农资销售连锁有限公司 A kind of corn soil improvement combating drought and raising yields method
CN108633653A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-10-12 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 A kind of the phosphate fertilizer method and implantation methods of the crop rotation of wheat jade
CN109349030A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-02-19 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of method that corn straw smashing revolves mixed returning to the field maize planting
CN110150062A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-08-23 河北科技师范学院 The implantation methods that a kind of spring wheat, summer corn yield two crops a year
CN110800439A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-02-18 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Fertilizing method for returning straws to field instead of potassium in wheat-jade double-cropping grain field

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104584814B (en) 2017-06-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104584814B (en) Balanced fertilizing method under wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields
CN101699961B (en) Integrated fertilization method under condition of NPKS of double-cropping crops of wheat and corn
CN107047006A (en) Winter wheat-summer rotation system " single fertilization " discharge-reducing method
CN103461043A (en) Planting method for improving rice yield
CN104718962B (en) Simplified efficient 'deep scarification, deep fertilization and shallow sowing' wheat cultivation method used in Huang-Huai-Hai region
CN101731093A (en) Water-fertilizer conditioning method for rice straw mulching and returning in wheat season
CN102160511B (en) Novel cultivation, precise fertilization and comprehensive cultivation method for single cropping rice
CN103704083A (en) Water-saving high-yield cultivation technology for precisely attaching seeds to rice membrane
CN102301898A (en) High-yield cultivation method of double-low rape flower
CN107135801A (en) It is a kind of to prevent the implantation methods of Spring Peanut continuous cropping obstacle
CN106385926A (en) Summer maize one-time fertilization method suitable for Huanghuai plain
CN103477836A (en) Konjac seedling storing method
Narolia et al. Effect of irrigation scheduling and nutrient management on productivity, profitability and nutrient uptake of wheat (Triticum aestivum) grown under zero-tilled condition in south-eastern Rajasthan
CN104521504A (en) Half-drought type rice- ercai alternate culture method
CN104429431A (en) Corn planting method
CN104446858A (en) Humic acid water-soluble fertilizer
CN106961987B (en) Carbon-fixing emission-reducing fertilizing method for rotation of increasing, reducing and combining of green Chinese onion and wheat
CN102823371A (en) Crop regulation technique
CN101558726B (en) Environmentally friendly yield-increasing cultivation method of hybrid middle-season rice
CN104145585A (en) Fertilizer applying method and application for reducing rice planting pollution discharge
CN105706695B (en) Method for planting winter wheat in rain-fed dry farming area of Heilonggang watershed
CN104081991B (en) A kind of green onion ginger wheat crop rotation production method improving land capability
CN110476747A (en) A kind of wheat deep ploughing strong sprout cultural method
CN109964612A (en) The method of administration of rice field microbial manure
CN109608264A (en) Winter wheat turns green jointing stage special fertilizer and winter wheat culture fertilizing method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Pei Xuexia

Inventor after: Cheng Maifeng

Inventor after: Guo Lianghu

Inventor after: Wei Ling

Inventor after: Dang Jianyou

Inventor after: Xie Xiansheng

Inventor after: Dong Juanlan

Inventor after: Zhang Jing

Inventor after: Wang Min

Inventor after: Duan Xueyan

Inventor after: Xiao Junhong

Inventor after: Zhen Shenghu

Inventor before: Dang Jianyou

Inventor before: Guo Lianghu

Inventor before: Pei Xuexia

Inventor before: Xie Xiansheng

Inventor before: Zhang Jing

Inventor before: Wang Min

Inventor before: Duan Xueyan

Inventor before: Wei Ling

Inventor before: Zhen Shenghu

Inventor before: Cheng Maifeng

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant