CN104579728A - Network element equipment configuration and management method and device as well as network element equipment - Google Patents

Network element equipment configuration and management method and device as well as network element equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104579728A
CN104579728A CN 201310487729 CN201310487729A CN104579728A CN 104579728 A CN104579728 A CN 104579728A CN 201310487729 CN201310487729 CN 201310487729 CN 201310487729 A CN201310487729 A CN 201310487729A CN 104579728 A CN104579728 A CN 104579728A
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network
element
equipment
management
configuration
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CN 201310487729
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Chinese (zh)
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曲延锋
刘国满
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/08Configuration management of network or network elements
    • H04L41/0803Configuration setting of network or network elements
    • H04L41/0806Configuration setting of network or network elements for initial configuration or provisioning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/08Configuration management of network or network elements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/08Configuration management of network or network elements
    • H04L41/0876Aspects of the degree of configuration automation
    • H04L41/0886Fully automatic configuration
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/12Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks network topology discovery or management
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L45/00Routing or path finding of packets in data switching networks
    • H04L45/58Association of routers
    • H04L45/586Virtual routers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L61/00Network arrangements or network protocols for addressing or naming
    • H04L61/20Address allocation
    • H04L61/2007Address allocation internet protocol [IP] addresses
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L61/00Network arrangements or network protocols for addressing or naming
    • H04L61/25Network arrangements or network protocols for addressing or naming mapping of addresses of the same type; address translation
    • H04L61/2503Internet protocol [IP] address translation
    • H04L61/2507Internet protocol [IP] address translation translating between special types of IP addresses
    • H04L61/251Internet protocol [IP] address translation translating between special types of IP addresses between different IP versions
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L61/00Network arrangements or network protocols for addressing or naming
    • H04L61/60Details
    • H04L61/6018Address types
    • H04L61/6022Layer 2 addresses, e.g. medium access control [MAC] addresses
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/16Service discovery or service management, e.g. service location protocol [SLP] or Web services
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/08Configuration management of network or network elements
    • H04L41/085Keeping track of network configuration
    • H04L41/0853Keeping track of network configuration by actively collecting or retrieving configuration information
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D30/00High level techniques for reducing energy consumption in communication networks
    • Y02D30/30High level techniques for reducing energy consumption in communication networks by signaling and coordination, e.g. signaling reduction, link layer discovery protocol [LLDP], control policies, green TCP

Abstract

The invention provides a network element equipment configuration and management method and device as well as network element equipment. The method comprises steps as follows: management IP addresses are generated according to network element parameter information; an IGP (interior gateway protocol) is started, and network management virtual routing table VRF (virtual routing and forwarding) and P2P (point to point) type ports are established; management IP addresses of adjacent network elements and an MAC (media access control) address are learned; network element equipment configuration and management information issued by the network management system is received. With adoption of the network element equipment configuration and management method and device as well as the network element equipment, the problems of reduced network performance and poor user experience caused by defects of heavy workload and complicated operation due to manual configuration of nodes in a correlation technique are solved, and further, the plug and management effect of the network element equipment is realized without manual configuration of the network equipment.

Description

网元设备配置和管理方法、装置及网元设备 NE device configuration and management methods, apparatus and equipment NE

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及通信领域,具体而言,涉及一种网元设备配置和管理方法、装置及网元设备。 [0001] The present invention relates to communication field, particularly, to a network element management method and device configuration, device and network element device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在当前IP无线接入网(Rad1 Access Network,简称为RAN)网络节点配置中,主要通过手动或半自动方式进行节点配置,所谓手动,就是指对网络上各个节点路由,参数,例如,端口IP地址,数据通信网(Data Communicat1n Network,简称为DCN)通道等相关参数,进行手动配置;而半自动方式,对网络上与配置服务器或网管系统直接相邻节点采用手动方式进行端口IP地址,DCN通道等进行手动配置,而其他节点配置通过学习机制和路由机制自动学习到相邻节点的IP地址和配置服务器IP地址,建立好与配置服务器或配置服务器相邻节点之间配置通道,通过配置服务器或配置服务器相邻节点对其他节点上IP地址,DCN通道等相关参数的配置和管理。 [0002] The network node is configured mainly by a node disposed in manual or semiautomatic current IP radio access network (RAN Rad1 Access Network, for short), a so-called manual, refers to each node routing, network parameters, e.g., port IP address, a data communication network (data Communicat1n network, abbreviated as DCN) parameters related to the channel, manual configuration; and semi-automatic manner, directly adjacent to the configuration server on the network node or the network management system using the IP address manually port, DCN channel other manual configuration, and the other nodes through the learning mechanism arranged to automatically learn the routing mechanism and the configuration server IP address and the IP address of the neighboring node, arranged to establish a good channel between the node and the neighboring configuration server or the configuration server, configure configuration server or the server configuration and management of the neighboring nodes other relevant parameters node IP address, DCN channel like.

[0003] 而对于网络上路由拓扑的发现和路由通告,对于开放式最短路径优先协议(OpenShortest Path First,简称为0SPF)路由协议中,主要存在以下五种方式实现:广播网络,非广播型多址接入(Non-Broadcast Mult1-Access,简称为NBMA),对等网络(Peer toPeer,简称为P2P),点对多点主站(Point2Multiple Point,简称为P2MP)和虚链路,当前主要采用广播类型接口,需要在网络设备中选择出指定路由器(Designated Router,简称为DR) /备份指定路由器(BackupDesignated Router,简称为BDR),所选择好的DR向全网上节点通告广播通告整个网络路由拓扑信息,以使各个节点学习到整网路由拓扑信息,自动创建路由转发路径;若设为OSPF P2P类型接口,则通常采用PPPoE协议进行DCN数据传送,不需要下一跳地址的学习。 [0003] For the road network topology discovery and advertisement of routes, for Open Shortest Path First (OpenShortest Path First, simply referred to as 0SPF) routing protocol, mainly the following five ways: a broadcast network, multiple non-broadcast type access (Non-Broadcast Mult1-access, referred to as NBMA), peer network (peer toPeer, abbreviated as are P2P), multipoint master station (Point2Multiple Point, abbreviated as P2MP) and virtual link, the current mainly a broadcast interface, in a network device need to select a designated router (designated router, referred to as DR) / backup designated router (BackupDesignated router, referred to as the BDR), the selected advertisement broadcast good DR advertised throughout the network topology to all Internet routing node information, so that each node to the entire network to learn the topology information created automatically routing forwarding path; if set OSPF P2P type interface, the DCN usually PPPoE protocol data transmission, no need to learn the next hop.

[0004] 采用这种手动或半自动的配置方式,需要对网络上所有节点或部分节点进行手动配置,随着网络规模的扩大,特别是IP RAN网络,存在大量的接入节点,若采用手动方式进行配置和管理,会带来大量的配置和管理方面工作,因此,在相关技术中对节点进行手动配置存在工作量大,操作繁杂的缺陷,不仅使网络性能降低,而且用户体验也差。 [0004] The use of such manual or semi-automatic configuration, the need for all or part of the nodes on the network node to be manually configured with the expansion of network scale, in particular the IP RAN networks, there are a lot of access nodes, the use of a manually configuration and management, will bring a lot of configuration and management aspects of the work, therefore, to manually configure the nodes defects exist workload, complicated operation in the related art, not only to reduce the network performance and the user experience is poor.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明提供了一种网元设备配置和管理方法、装置及网元设备,以至少解决相关技术中对节点进行手动配置存在工作量大,操作繁杂的缺陷,不仅使网络性能降低,而且用户体验也差的问题。 [0005] The present invention provides a network element management method and device configuration, device and network element device, the presence of heavy workload at least solve the related art manually configure the nodes, complicated operation defect, not only the reduced network performance, and also the problem of poor user experience.

[0006] 根据本发明的一个方面,提供了一种网元设备配置和管理方法,包括:依据网元参数信息生成管理IP地址;启动内部网关协议IGP,创建网管虚拟路由表VRF和点到点P2P类型端口;学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和媒体接入控制MAC地址;接收网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信息。 [0006] In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a device configuration and network element management method, comprising: generating the parameter information based on the NE management IP address; the IGP interior gateway protocol start, to create a virtual network and routing table point VRF P2P type of port; learning neighboring NE management IP address and media access control (MAC) address; issued by the receiving network management system and network element device configuration management information.

[0007] 优选地,在接收所述网管系统下发的所述网元设备配置和管理信息之后,还包括:向全网网元传送所述网元设备配置和管理信息。 [0007] Preferably, after the network element send device configuration and management information at the receiving network management system, further comprising: a network element information to the entire network of the transport network element device configuration and management.

[0008] 优选地,在接收所述网管系统下发的所述网元设备配置和管理信息之前,还包括:获取全网网元的所述网元设备信息。 [0008] Preferably, before receiving the hair in the network management system and network element device configuration management information, further comprising: obtaining full network element of the network element device information.

[0009] 优选地,在获取所述全网网元的网元设备信息之后,还包括:将获取的所述全网网元的所述网元设备信息上报给所述网管系统。 [0009] Preferably, after acquiring the full network element NE device information, further comprising: obtaining a whole network of the network element the network element device information reported to the network management system.

[0010] 优选地,通过以下方式获取所述全网网元的所述网元设备信息:通过相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式获取全网网元的网元设备信息,其中,所述相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式包括:第一网元将所述第一网元的网元设备信息以标签长度值TLV的方式封装到协议报文中之后,通过发送协议报文的方式将所述第一网元的网元设备信息通告给与所述第一网元相邻的第二网元,所述第二网元通过同样的方式将获取到的所述第一网元的网元设备信息以及所述第二网元的网元设备信息通告给与所述第二网元相邻的第一网元及第三网元,只要网元获取到更新的网元设备信息就进行相邻通告,直至全部网元均获取到全网网元的网元设备信息。 [0010] Preferably, the whole network acquires the device information of the network element NE in the following manner: obtaining full network elements NEs advertisement information each other between the adjacent network elements, wherein the said advertisement between mutually adjacent network elements include: a first network element to the first network element to network element devices label length value TLV information is encapsulated into protocol packets after the packets sent by the manner of the first network element NE device information advertisement given the first network element adjacent to the second network element, the second network element will be obtained by the same manner as the first web NE device information element and the second network element NE device information advertisement given the second network element adjacent to the first network element and a second network element, NE acquired as long as the updated network element devices information will be adjacent to notice, until all network elements are to get the full network element of the network element information.

[0011] 优选地,所述网元参数信息包括以下至少之一:网元的所述MAC地址、网元的序列号、网元的网元标识号。 [0011] Preferably, the network element parameter information comprises at least one of the following: MAC address of the network element, NE serial number, NE NE identification number.

[0012] 优选地,所述网元设备信息包括以下至少之一:网元的厂家信息、网元的设备型号、网元的所述MAC地址、网元的网元标识号、网元的IPV4信息、网元的IPV6信息。 [0012] Preferably, the network element apparatus comprises at least one of the following information: the network element manufacturer information, device model NE, the MAC address of the network element, NE NE identification number, NE IPV4 information, network element information IPV6.

[0013] 优选地,学习所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址和所述MAC地址包括:通过链路层发现协议LLDP报文的方式学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和MAC地址,其中,所述LLDP报文中的管理地址标签长度值TLV中携带有所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址、所述LLDP报文中的源MAC地址中携带所述相邻网元的所述MAC地址;和/或,通过IGP路由学习和地址解析协议ARP报文的方式学习所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址和所述MAC地址,其中,通过IGP路由学习到所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址,通过与所述相邻网元交互所述ARP报文的方式学习到所述相邻网元的所述MAC地址。 [0013] Preferably, the adjacent network element to learn the IP address management and the MAC address comprising: Link Layer Discovery Protocol LLDP packet learning manner adjacent NE management IP address and MAC address, wherein said management LLDP packet address label length value TLV carries the adjacent network element to the management IP address, the source LLDP packet carries the MAC address of the adjacent network element the MAC address; and / or, via IGP routes are learned and ARP protocol packets way to learn the network element management IP address and the MAC address of the adjacent, wherein said route learned via IGP NE adjacent the management IP address to learn the MAC address of neighboring element by element ARP packets manner the interaction with the neighboring network.

[0014] 根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种网元设备配置和管理信息传送装置,包括:生成模块,用于依据网元参数信息生成管理IP地址;创建模块,用于启动内部网关协议IGP,创建网管虚拟路由表VRF和点到点P2P类型端口;学习模块,用于学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和媒体接入控制MAC地址;接收模块,用于接收网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信息。 [0014] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a network element device configuration and management information transmitting apparatus, comprising: a generating module configured to generate the parameter information based on the network element management IP address; creating module, for starting internal gateway the IGP protocol, to create a virtual network and routing table VRF point P2P type of port; learning module configured to learn the neighboring NE management IP address and a media access control MAC address; receiving means for receiving delivered by the network management system NE device configuration and management information.

[0015] 优选地,该装置还包括:传送模块,用于向全网网元传送所述网元设备配置和管理信息。 [0015] Preferably, the apparatus further comprising: a transmission module for transmitting the network element NE device to the entire network configuration and management information.

[0016] 优选地,该装置还包括:获取模块,用于获取全网网元的所述网元设备信息。 [0016] Preferably, the apparatus further comprising: an obtaining module, configured to obtain the whole network element of the network element device information.

[0017] 优选地,该装置还包括:上报模块,用于将获取的所述全网网元的所述网元设备信息上报给所述网管系统。 [0017] Preferably, the apparatus further comprising: a reporting module for the acquisition of the whole of the network element NE device information reported to the network management system.

[0018] 优选地,所述获取模块包括:获取单元,用于通过相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式获取全网网元的网元设备信息,其中,所述相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式包括:第一网元将所述第一网元的网元设备信息以标签长度值TLV的方式封装到协议报文中之后,通过发送协议报文的方式将所述第一网元的网元设备信息通告给与所述第一网元相邻的第二网元,所述第二网元通过同样的方式将获取到的所述第一网元的网元设备信息以及所述第二网元的网元设备信息通告给与所述第二网元相邻的第一网元及第三网元,只要网元获取到更新的网元设备信息就进行相邻通告,直至全部网元均获取到全网网元的网元设备信息。 [0018] Preferably, the obtaining module comprises: between the network element acquiring unit, configured to obtain the whole network element by way of mutual advertisement between adjacent network elements NE device information, wherein the adjacent another way of advertisement comprising: a first network element to the first network element after NEs TLV value of the label length information of the protocol packets encapsulated in the protocol by sending the first message NE NE device information advertisement given the first network element adjacent to the second network element, the second network element by the same manner to obtain the first network element and the network elements information the second network element NE device information advertisement given the second network element adjacent to the first network element and a second network element, as long as the network element NE acquired device information update proceeds neighbor advertisement, until all the network elements are to get the full network element of the network element information.

[0019] 优选地,所述学习模块包括:第一学习单元,用于通过链路层发现协议LLDP报文的方式学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和MAC地址,其中,所述LLDP报文中的管理地址标签长度值TLV中携带有所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址、所述LLDP报文中的源MAC地址中携带所述相邻网元的所述MAC地址;和/或,第二学习单元,用于通过IGP路由学习和地址解析协议ARP报文的方式学习所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址和所述MAC地址,其中,通过IGP路由学习到所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址,通过与所述相邻网元交互所述ARP报文的方式学习到所述相邻网元的所述MAC地址。 [0019] Preferably, said learning module comprises: a first learning unit configured to link layer discovery protocol LLDP packet learning manner adjacent NE management IP address and MAC address, wherein the packet LLDP the management address tag length value TLV carries the management IP address of the adjacent NE, the source MAC address of LLDP packet carries the MAC address of the adjacent network elements; and / or a second learning means for learning and learned by IGP routing address resolution protocol ARP packets management network element of the IP address and the MAC address of the adjacent, wherein said route learned via IGP NE adjacent the management IP address to learn the MAC address of neighboring element by element ARP packets manner the interaction with the neighboring network.

[0020] 根据本发明的又一方面,提供了一种网元设备,包括上述任一项所述的装置。 [0020] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a network element apparatus, said apparatus comprising any of the above.

[0021] 通过本发明,采用依据网元参数信息生成管理IP地址;启动内部网关协议IGPjiJ建网管虚拟路由表VRF和点到点P2P类型端口;学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和媒体接入控制MAC地址;接收网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信息,解决了相关技术中相关技术中对节点进行手动配置存在工作量大,操作繁杂的缺陷,不仅使网络性能降低,而且用户体验也差的问题,进而达到了无需对网络设备进行手动配置,实现对网元设备的即插即管的效果。 [0021] By the present invention, a network element according to the IP address management information generation parameter; start building interior gateway protocol IGPjiJ VRF routing tables and network management virtual point P2P type of port; neighboring NE learning management IP address and Media Access control MAC address; issued by the receiving network management system and network element management device configuration information, addresses the disadvantages of the related art of the related art manual configuration node workload exists, the operation is complicated, not only to reduce network performance and user experience also the problem of poor, thus achieving the network devices without manual configuration, to achieve the effect of the NEs plug, i.e. the tube.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022] 此处所说明的附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,构成本申请的一部分,本发明的示意性实施例及其说明用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的不当限定。 [0022] The drawings described herein are provided for further understanding of the present invention, constitute a part of this application, exemplary embodiments of the present invention are used to explain the present invention without unduly limiting the present invention. 在附图中: In the drawings:

[0023] 图1是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理方法的流程图; [0023] FIG. 1 is a flowchart of device configuration and network element management method of an embodiment of the present invention;

[0024] 图2是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置的结构框图; [0024] FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing an embodiment of the network element devices of the present invention and the configuration of the management apparatus;

[0025] 图3是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置的优选结构框图一; [0025] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a network element device according to an embodiment of the present invention to configure and manage the structure of a preferred apparatus;

[0026] 图4是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置的优选结构框图二; [0026] FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a two network element device according to an embodiment of the present invention to configure and manage the structure of a preferred apparatus;

[0027] 图5是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置的优选结构框图三; [0027] FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a network element according to three embodiments of the apparatus according to the present invention is preferably configured and configuration management apparatus;

[0028] 图6是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置中获取模块42的优选结构框图; [0028] FIG. 6 is a block diagram of the preferred module 42 acquires the network element apparatus according to embodiments of the present invention embodiment configuration and management apparatus;

[0029] 图7是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置中学习模块24的优选结构框图; [0029] FIG. 7 is a block diagram according to the learning module 24 is preferably configured and network element device management apparatus of the embodiments of the present invention;

[0030] 图8是根据本发明实施例的网元设备的结构框图; [0030] FIG. 8 is a block diagram of a network element device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0031] 图9是根据本发明实施例的系统框架示意图; [0031] FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the frame system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0032] 图10是根据本发明实施例的IP RAN零部署即插即管方法的流程图; [0032] FIG. 10 is a flowchart of IP RAN zero deployment embodiment of the present invention, plug or tube method;

[0033] 图11是根据本发明实施例的DCN管理报文封装格式示意图; [0033] FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram DCN management packet encapsulation format of an embodiment of the present invention;

[0034] 图12是根据本发明实施例的网元信息TLV封装格式示意图; [0034] FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the package NEs TLV format according to embodiments of the present invention;

[0035] 图13是根据本发明实施例的OSPF P2P洪泛组播报文格式示意图; [0035] FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of a multicast packet format OSPF P2P flooding embodiment of the present invention;

[0036] 图14是根据本发明优选实施方式的IP RAN零配置即插即用的流程图; [0036] FIG. 14 is a flowchart IP RAN zero-configuration Plug according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

[0037] 图15是根据本发明优选实施方式的IP RAN零配置即插即管网络结构示意图。 [0037] FIG. 15 is a schematic diagram of a network structure according to a preferred embodiment of the IP RAN zero embodiment of the present invention is configured plug and tube.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0038] 下文中将参考附图并结合实施例来详细说明本发明。 [0038] Hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail. 需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本申请中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。 Incidentally, in the case of no conflict, embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application can be combined with each other.

[0039] 在本实施例中提供了一种网元设备配置和管理方法,图1是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理信息的流程图,如图1所示,该流程包括如下步骤: [0039] In the present embodiment provides a network element management method and device configuration, a flowchart of FIG. 1 is a network element device configuration and management information in the embodiment of the present invention, shown in Figure 1, the process comprising step:

[0040] 步骤S102,依据网元参数信息生成管理IP地址,其中,该网元参数信息可以包括以下至少之一:网元的MAC地址、网元的序列号、网元的网元标识号; [0040] Step S102, the information generation parameter based on the NE management IP address, wherein the network element parameter information may comprise at least one of the following: MAC address of the network element, NE serial number, NE NE identification number;

[0041 ] 步骤S104,启动内部网关协议IGP,创建网管虚拟路由表VRF和点到点P2P类型端Π ; [0041] step S104, starts an internal gateway protocol IGP, VRF routing table to create a virtual network and an end point P2P type [pi;

[0042] 步骤S106,学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和媒体接入控制MAC地址; [0042] In step S106, the learning neighboring NE management IP address and a Media Access Control MAC address;

[0043] 步骤S108,接收网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信息。 [0043] Step S108, issued by the receiving network management system and network element device configuration management information.

[0044] 通过上述步骤,网元设备生成管理IP地址,创建VRF及P2P类型端口,学习管理IP地址和MAC地址,从而接收网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信息,相对于相关技术中对节点进行手动配置存在工作量大,操作繁杂的缺陷,不仅使网络性能降低,而且用户体验也差的问题,进而达到了无需对网络设备进行手动配置,实现对网元设备的即插即管,不仅有效提高了网络性能,而且较大地增强了用户体验的效果。 [0044] Through the above steps, NE device generates a management IP address to create a VRF and P2P type of port, learning management IP address and MAC address so issued by the receiving network management system network element device configuration and management information, with respect to the related art manually configure the nodes present workload, complicated operation defect, not only the network performance degradation, but the problem of poor user experience, so as to achieve without the manual configuration of the network devices, network elements to achieve the plug or tube not only effectively improve network performance, but also greatly enhances the user experience results.

[0045] 在接收到网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信息之后,需要将该网元设备配置和管理信息在网元间传送,即向全网网元传送网元设备配置和管理信息,使得全网网元均获取到网管系统对网元设备的配置和管理。 [0045] After the network element send device configuration and management information, the network element device needs to configure and manage the transfer of information between network elements, namely the whole transport network element management and network element device configuration information received at the network management system , so that the whole network element are acquired configuration and management system NMS of the network elements.

[0046] 需要说明的是,在接收网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信息之前,依据上述管理IP地址创建的相应架构,获取全网网元的网元设备信息。 [0046] Incidentally, in the hair before the receiving network management system and network element device configuration management information, said management architecture according to the corresponding IP address is created, the device information acquisition NE NE of the entire network. 其中,网元设备信息也可以为多种,例如,可以包括以下至少之一:网元的厂家信息、网元的设备型号、网元的MAC地址、网元的网元标识号、网元的IPV4信息、网元的IPV6信息。 Wherein, the network element may be a variety of information equipment, for example, may include at least one of the following: NE manufacturer information, device model NE, MAC address, NE, NE NE identification number, NE information IPV4, IPV6 network element information. 其中,获取的方式可以多种,例如,可以通过以下方式获取全网网元的网元设备信息:通过相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式获取全网网元的网元设备信息,其中,该相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式包括:第一网元将第一网元的网元设备信息以标签长度值TLV的方式封装到协议报文中之后,通过发送协议报文的方式将第一网元的网元设备信息通告给与第一网元相邻的第二网元,第二网元通过同样的方式将获取到的第一网元的网元设备信息以及第二网元的网元设备信息通告给与第二网元相邻的第一网元及第三网元,只要网元获取到更新的网元设备信息就进行相邻通告,直至全部网元均获取到全网网元的网元设备信息,至此,全网网元均获取到全网网元的网元设备信息。 Wherein obtaining the plurality of ways, for example, may acquire full network element NE device in the following ways: obtaining full network elements NEs adjacent to each other by way of advertisement information between network elements, wherein the advertisement mutually adjacent manner between the network elements comprising: a first network element of the first network element to network element device information of the label length value TLV encapsulated into protocol packet after sending protocol packets by the embodiment of network element NE device information advertisement given first network element adjacent to the second network element, the second network element to the first network element acquires the device information of the network element and the second in the same way NE NE device information notice given to the second network element adjacent to the first network element and a second network element, as long as the network element to obtain updated information on network elements perform neighboring announcement until all network elements are acquired full network element to network element device information, so far, all network elements are to get the full network element of the network element information.

[0047] 较佳地,在获取全网网元的网元设备信息之后,还可以将获取的全网网元的网元设备信息上报给网管系统,即通过一个具备汇聚功能的汇聚设备将全网网元的网元设备信息上报给上述网管系统。 [0047] Preferably, after the acquisition of the whole network element, the network element device information may also be acquired full network elements NEs information to a network management system, that is, by a convergence device comprising the whole aggregation network element NE device information to a network management system described above.

[0048] 优选地,学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和MAC地址也可以采用多种方式,下面列举两种较优地方式,方式一:通过链路层发现协议LLDP报文的方式学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和MAC地址,其中,该LLDP报文中的管理地址标签长度值TLV中携带有相邻网元的管理IP地址、LLDP报文中的源MAC地址中携带相邻网元的MAC地址;方式二:通过IGP路由学习和地址解析协议ARP报文的方式学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和MAC地址,其中,通过IGP路由学习到相邻网元的管理IP地址,通过与相邻网元交互ARP报文的方式学习到相邻网元的MAC地址。 [0048] Preferably, the adjacent NE learning management IP address and MAC address may be used in various ways, the ways listed below Jiaoyou two kinds, one way: by the Link Layer Discovery Protocol LLDP packet manner TIPS o NE management IP address and MAC address, wherein the management of the address tag length value TLV LLDP packet carries the adjacent NE management IP address, LLDP packet source MAC address carried in the neighboring element MAC address; Second way: learning by IGP routing and ARP protocol packets manner adjacent NE learning management IP address and MAC address, wherein the learning management NE to the neighboring IP address IGP routing, by learning to interact with neighboring cells ARP packets to the MAC address of the adjacent NE. 需要指出的是,上述两种方式也可以依据具体场景需要进行相应组合。 It should be noted that the above two methods may be required depending on the specific scene corresponding combination.

[0049] 在本实施例中还提供了一种网元设备配置和管理装置,该装置用于实现上述实施例及优选实施方式,已经进行过说明的不再赘述。 [0049] In the present embodiment further provides a network element device configuration and management means for realizing the above-described embodiments and preferred embodiment has been described will not be repeated. 如以下所使用的,术语“模块”可以实现预定功能的软件和/或硬件的组合。 Combination of software and / or hardware as used hereinafter, the term "module" may implement a predetermined function. 尽管以下实施例所描述的装置较佳地以软件来实现,但是硬件,或者软件和硬件的组合的实现也是可能并被构想的。 Although the following description of embodiments of the apparatus of the preferred embodiment be implemented in software, but implemented as a combination of hardware, or software and hardware it is also possible and contemplated.

[0050] 图2是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置的结构框图,如图2所示,该装置包括生成模块22、创建模块24、学习模块26和接收模块28,下面对该装置进行说明。 [0050] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a network element device configuration and management apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, shown in Figure 2, the apparatus includes a generating module 22, a creating module 24, a learning module 26 and receiver module 28, the following the device will be described.

[0051] 生成模块22,用于依据网元参数信息生成管理IP地址;创建模块24,用于启动内部网关协议IGP,创建网管虚拟路由表VRF和点到点P2P类型端口;学习模块26,连接至上述生成模块22,用于学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和媒体接入控制MAC地址;接收模块28,连接至上述创建模块24和学习模块26,用于接收网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信肩、O [0051] The generating module 22, for generating the parameter information based on the network element management IP address; creating module 24 for initiating the IGP interior gateway protocol, to create a virtual network and routing table VRF point P2P type of port; learning module 26, connected to the generation module 22, manages a neighboring cell learning the IP address and media access control MAC address; receiving module 28, connected to the above-described creation module 24 and a learning module 26 for receiving delivered by the network management system NE device configuration and management letter shoulder, O

[0052] 图3是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置的优选结构框图一,如图3所示,该装置除包括图2所示的所有模块外,还包括:传送模块32,下面对该传送模块32进行说明。 [0052] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a preferred configuration of the network element device configuration and management apparatus embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 3, the apparatus includes in addition to all the modules shown in FIG. 2, further comprising: a transmission module 32 , following the transmission module 32 will be described.

[0053] 传送模块32,连接至上述接收模块28,用于向全网网元传送网元设备配置和管理信息。 [0053] The transmission module 32, connected to the receiving module 28, information for transmission to the whole network element NE device configuration and management.

[0054] 图4是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置的优选结构框图二,如图3所示,该装置除包括图2所示的所有模块外,还包括:获取模块42,下面对该获取模块42进行说明。 [0054] FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing a preferred configuration and network element device management apparatus of the present invention, two embodiments, shown in Figure 3, the apparatus includes in addition to all the modules shown in FIG. 2, further comprising: an acquiring module 42 , following the acquisition module 42 will be described.

[0055] 获取模块42,连接至上述接收模块28,用于获取全网网元的网元设备信息。 [0055] The acquisition module 42, connected to the receiving module 28, configured to obtain the whole network element NE device information.

[0056] 图5是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置的优选结构框图三,如图5所示,该装置除包括图4所示的所有模块外,还包括:上报模块52,下面对该上报模块52进行说明。 [0056] FIG. 5 is a block diagram showing a preferred configuration and network element device management apparatus of the present invention, three embodiments shown in Figure 5, the apparatus includes in addition to all the modules shown in FIG. 4, further comprising: a reporting module 52 , following the reporting module 52 will be described.

[0057] 上报模块52,连接至上述获取模块42和接收模块28,用于将获取的全网网元的网元设备信息上报给网管系统。 [0057] The reporting module 52, connected to the obtaining module 42 and a receiving module 28 for the whole network element NE of the acquired device information reported to the NMS.

[0058] 图6是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置中获取模块42的优选结构框图,如图6所示,该获取模块42包括获取单元62,下面对该获取单元62进行说明。 [0058] FIG. 6 is a block diagram showing a configuration obtaining module 42 according to the preferred network element device configuration and management apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 6, the obtaining module 42 includes an acquisition unit 62, the acquisition unit 62 below Be explained.

[0059] 获取单元62,用于通过相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式获取全网网元的网元设备信息,其中,相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式包括:第一网元将第一网元的网元设备信息以标签长度值TLV的方式封装到协议报文中之后,通过发送协议报文的方式将第一网元的网元设备信息通告给与第一网元相邻的第二网元,第二网元通过同样的方式将获取到的第一网元的网元设备信息以及第二网元的网元设备信息通告给与第二网元相邻的第一网元及第三网元,只要网元获取到更新的网元设备信息就进行相邻通告,直至全部网元均获取到全网网元的网元设备信息。 [0059] The obtaining unit 62, configured to obtain the whole network element by way of mutual advertisement between adjacent network elements NE device information, wherein the advertisement mutually adjacent manner between the network elements comprising: first web after the first network element membered NEs TLV value of the label length information of the protocol packets encapsulated in the protocol by sending a message to the first network element NE device information advertisement given first network element adjacent second network element, the second network element to be acquired by the same manner as the first network element NE NE device information and the second network elements information advertisement given network element adjacent the second section network element and a second network element, as long as the network element to obtain updated information on network elements perform neighboring announcement until all network elements are to get the full network element of the network element information.

[0060] 图7是根据本发明实施例的网元设备配置和管理装置中学习模块24的优选结构框图,如图7所示,该学习模块26包括第一学习单元72和第二学习单元74,下面对该学习模块26进行说明。 [0060] FIG. 7 is a block diagram showing a learning module 24 according to the preferred configuration and network element device management apparatus of the embodiments of the present invention, shown in Figure 7, the learning module 26 comprises a first 72 and a second learning unit learning unit 74 the following description of the 26 learning modules.

[0061] 第一学习单元72,用于通过链路层发现协议LLDP报文的方式学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和MAC地址,其中,LLDP报文中的管理地址标签长度值TLV中携带有相邻网元的管理IP地址、LLDP报文中的源MAC地址中携带相邻网元的MAC地址;第二学习单元74,用于通过IGP路由学习和地址解析协议ARP报文的方式学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和MAC地址,其中,通过IGP路由学习到相邻网元的管理IP地址,通过与相邻网元交互ARP报文的方式学习到相邻网元的MAC地址。 [0061] The first learning unit 72, a link layer discovery protocol LLDP packet learning manner adjacent NE management IP address and MAC address, wherein, the management LLDP packet address label length value TLV carries has an adjacent network element management IP address, the LLDP packet carries the source MAC address MAC address of the adjacent network element; a second learning unit 74 for learning and learned via IGP routing address resolution protocol ARP packets adjacent network element management IP address and MAC address, which learned by IGP routing adjacent network element management IP address, MAC address learning to adjacent network elements by way of adjacent cells interact ARP packets.

[0062] 在本实施例中,还提供了一种网元设备,图8是根据本发明实施例的网元设备的结构框图,如图8所示,该网元设备80包括上述任一项的网元设备配置和管理装置82。 [0062] In the present embodiment, there is also provided a network element apparatus, FIG. 8 is a block diagram of a network element device according to an embodiment of the present invention, shown in Figure 8, the network element device 80 comprising any of the foregoing NE device configuration and management apparatus 82.

[0063] 针对相关技术中,对节点进行手动配置存在工作量大,操作繁杂的问题,不仅使网络性能降低,而且用户体验也差的问题,即,在当前IP RAN网络中,接入节点很多,需要大量配置和管理方面工作,例如,对节点上各个端口进行IP地址配置等等。 [0063] For related art, manual configuration node workload exists, the operation complicated problems, not only the network performance degradation, but the problem of poor user experience, i.e., in the current IP RAN networks, many access node , it requires a lot of configuration and management aspects of the work, for example, individual ports on the node IP address configuration, and so on. 在本实施例中,提出了一种IP RAN场景下零配置即插即用的节点处理方式,进行IP RAN接入设备的管理和配置。 In the present embodiment, the node handling the proposed one kind of IP RAN scenario zero-configuration Plug and Play, manage and configure the IP RAN access equipment. 例如,可以采用以下处理:通过特定算法或规则,每个节点自动生成一个全网管理IP地址(Loopback地址),后通过启动路由协议进程,例如,OSPF等,自动创建DCN虚拟路由转发(Virtual Routing and Forwarding,简称为VRF)通过扩展相关协议方式实现网元信息和路由信息通告,实现网元DCN自通,以便达到即插即管的功能。 For example, you can use the following process: each node automatically generates a full network management IP address (Loopback address) by a specific algorithm or rule, by starting after routing protocol process, for example, OSPF, etc., automatically create DCN Virtual Route Forwarding (Virtual Routing and Forwarding, simply referred to as VRF) implemented by extending the relevant agreement NE routing information and advertisement information, since the DCN for NE on, in order to achieve the function of plug or tube. 下面对该方案所应用的系统进行简要说明。 The system applied below the program will be briefly described. 图9是根据本发明实施例的系统框架示意图,如图9所示,该系统主要包括以下四个模块:自动配置模块92 (与上述的生成模块22功能相当)、地址发现模块94 (与上述学习模块26功能相当)、信息通告模块96 (与上述传送模块32功能相当)和管理信息发送模块98 (与上述接收模块28功能相当),下面对该系统进行说明。 9 is a schematic framework of the present invention embodiment shown in Figure 9, the system includes the following four modules: automatic configuration module 92 (corresponding to the above-described function generating module 22), the address discovery module 94 (as described above the learning module 26 is functionally equivalent), advertisement information module 96 (corresponding to the transfer function block 32) and the management information sending module 98 (equivalent to the functions of the receiving module 28), the system will be described below.

[0064]自动配置模块92:该模块主要用来根据各节点上桥接MAC地址,序列号,网元ID等信息,自动产生一个管理IP地址,作为本节点的管理环回的IP地址,自动启动路由协议进程,创建网管VRF和DCN P2P (点对点)子接口; [0064] Auto configuration module 92: This module is mainly used for the information bridge MAC address, a serial number, NE ID of each node, automatically generates a management IP address as the management node loopback IP address, start automatically routing protocol process, create network management VRF and DCN P2P (peer to peer) sub-interface;

[0065] 地址发现模块94:该模块主要在DCN P2P (点对点)子接口上运行内部网关协议(Inter1r Gateway Protocol,简称为IGP),例如,OSPF协议,进行下一跳管理IP地址的学习和发现,当存在DCN管理信息数据需要传送,则触发地址转换协议(Address Resolut1nProtocol,简称为ARP),进行对应下一跳端口媒体接入控制(Media Access Control,简称为MAC)地址的学习和发现; [0065] 94 address discovery module: This module interior gateway protocol running on a DCN P2P (peer to peer) sub-interface (Inter1r Gateway Protocol, referred to as the IGP), e.g., OSPF protocol, and a discovery learning the next hop IP address management , DCN management information when there is data to transmit, the trigger address translation protocol (address Resolut1nProtocol, referred to as the ARP), the port for the next hop of a media access control (media access control, abbreviated as MAC) address learning and discovery;

[0066] 信息通告模块96:该模块主要通过扩展相关协议,例如,OSPF类型10链路状态通告(0SPF TYPElOLink State Advertisements,简称为OSPF TYPE10LSA)协议或者链路层发现协议(Link Layer Discovery Protocol,简称为LLDP)协议,将网络上设备节点相关网元信息,例如:厂家信息,设备型号,网元MAC,网元标识(Net Element,简称为NEID),网元网际协议第4 版(Net Element Internet Protocol vers1n4,简称为NEIPV4),网兀网际协议第6 版(Net Element Internet Protocol vers1n6,简称为NEIPV6)等网兀信息,通告给网络相邻节点,再由IP RAN网络上汇聚设备收集到该网络上所有节点的网元信息,统一发送给网管系统,以便网管系统对新上线的设备进行注册和管理; [0066] 96 information advertisement module: This module by extending related protocols, e.g., OSPF link state advertisement type 10 (0SPF TYPElOLink State Advertisements, simply referred to as OSPF TYPE10LSA) protocol or link layer discovery protocol (Link Layer Discovery Protocol, referred to as LLDP) protocol, the relevant network element information device nodes on the network, for example: manufacturer information, device model, NE the MAC, network element identifier (net element, referred to as the NEID), NE Internet protocol Version 4 (net element Internet protocol vers1n4, referred to as NEIPV4), Wu network Internet protocol version 6 (net Element Internet protocol vers1n6, referred to as NEIPV6) Wu and other network information, network advertised to neighboring nodes, then converged on the IP RAN by a network device to the network collected NE information on all nodes, unified sent to the network management system to the network management system for the new equipment on-line registration and management;

[0067] 管理信息发送模块98:在节点DCN通道打通后,网管系统对各网络上节点进行统一规划后的管理和配置数据信息的下发和发送。 Issued and data transmission management and configuration information after the node DCN open channel, each of nodes on the network management system for network planning Unified: [0067] 98 management information sending module.

[0068] 基于上述IP RAN零配置即插即管系统,在本实施例中还提供了一种IP RAN零配置即插即管实现方法,图10是根据本发明实施例的IP RAN零部署即插即管方法的流程图,如图10所示,该流程包括如下步骤: [0068] Based on the above zero-configuration Plug IP RAN pipe system, in the present embodiment also provides a zero-configuration Plug and IP RAN implementation tube, i.e., FIG. 10 is an embodiment according to IP RAN zero deployment embodiment of the present invention plug flowchart tube method, shown in Figure 10, the process comprising the steps of:

[0069] 步骤S1002,IP RAN各接入节点自动产生管理IP地址,启动IGP协议进程,创建DCN VRF,使用特定虚拟局域网(Virtual Local Area Network,简称为VLAN) (4094),创建P2P子接口,进行VRF绑定;并运用地址解析协议(Address Resolut1n Protocol,简称为ARP)和IGP等协议发现相邻节点的管理IP地址和对应端口的MAC地址; [0069] Step S1002, IP RAN is automatically generated for each access node management IP address to start the IGP protocol process, create DCN VRF, use a specific virtual local area network (Virtual Local Area Network, referred to as VLAN) (4094), to create a P2P sub-interfaces, It is bound to the VRF; and using ARP (address Resolut1n protocol, referred to as ARP) found MAC address management and IP address of the neighboring node and the corresponding port IGP protocols like;

[0070] 步骤S1004,节点将网元信息,以标签长度值(Tag-Length-Value,简称为TLV)方式封装到扩展IGP协议报文或LLDP协议报文中,进行网元信息的通告,打通DCN通道,实现网管系统对各设备的发现,以便对网络设备进行统一规划和管理。 [0070] step S1004, the node NE information to the tag length value (Tag-Length-Value, referred to as TLV) encapsulated to the extended IGP protocol packets or LLDP protocol message, advertised network element information, open DCN channels to achieve the network management system to discover each device to facilitate unified planning and management of network devices.

[0071] 下面针对上述步骤中的各个处理分别进行说明: [0071] Next, for each of the above processing steps were described:

[0072] 1、每个节点根据本节点桥接MAC,序列号,网元ID等信息,自动产生一个网域内管理IP地址,对本节点进行管理IP地址(Loopback)的配置;自动启动IGP协议进程,如:0SPF协议进程,创建DCN VRF和特定VLAN (4094) DCN P2P子接口,并进行绑定;并借用自身的环回IP地址; [0072] 1, each node according to the information node bridging the MAC, a serial number, NE ID, etc., automatically generated management IP address within a domain, of the node management IP address (the Loopback) configuration; autostart IGP protocol process, such as: 0SPF protocol process, create DCN VRF and a specific VLAN (4094) DCN P2P sub-interfaces, and binding; it borrows its loopback IP address;

[0073] 2、在计算DCN网络IP路由表中,根据OSPF节点路由协议,可以学习到下一跳管理IP地址,也即为直接相邻的对端节点IP地址,后由DCN管理数据传送的触发,在该DCN P2P子接口上启动ARP协议,向对端相邻节点发送ARP请求报文,对端节点做出ARP响应应答报文,携带了对端端口MAC地址,这样就学习到对端端口MAC地址;以便将该学习到的MAC地址作为后续管理报文的目的MAC地址使用;图11是根据本发明实施例的DCN管理报文封装格式示意图,如图11所示; [0073] 2, in the calculation of the DCN IP routing table, according to the routing protocol OSPF nodes, the next hop can learn the IP address management, that is also immediately adjacent to the end node IP address, the management data transmitted by DCN trigger, started on the DCN P2P sub-interfaces ARP protocol to send a neighbor peer nodes ARP request packet, making ARP peer node in response to the response packet carries the MAC address of the peer port, so you learn to end port MAC address; for use as the destination MAC address of the packet subsequent management learned MAC addresses; FIG. 11 is a schematic view of DCN management packet encapsulation format according to an embodiment of the present invention, shown in Figure 11;

[0074] 3、节点通过扩展相关协议,例如:扩展OSPF或LLDP协议,将本节点上网元参数信息,如:厂家,设备型号,网元MAC,NEID, NEIPV4, NEIPV6等信息,通过TLV方式封装到扩展的OSPF LSA报文或LLDP协议报文中,通告给网络上其他节点;图12是根据本发明实施例的网元信息TLV封装格式示意图,TLV报文格式如图12所示;如采用OSPF方式,则采用组播(224.0.0.5)方式,通告给其他节点,图13是根据本发明实施例的OSPF P2P洪泛组播报文格式示意图,该泛洪组播报文格式如图13所示; [0074] 3, node by extending the relevant protocol, such as: extended OSPF or LLDP protocol, the node access element parametric information, such as: manufacturers, device model, NE MAC, NEID, NEIPV4, NEIPV6 other information, by TLV encapsulated to the extended or LLDP packet OSPF LSA protocol message advertised to other nodes on the network; NE information TLV format of FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the package according to embodiments of the present invention, TLV packet format shown in Figure 12; as employed OSPF embodiment, the multicast (224.0.0.5) mode, advertised to other nodes, FIG. 13 is a schematic view of multicast packets in accordance with the format OSPF flooding are P2P embodiment of the present invention, the format of multicast packet flooding 13 shown;

[0075] 4、在网络上节点学习到网络所有节点设备上网元信息,再由汇聚设备,将其统一上报给网管系统,由网管系统对这些设备进行管理和统一规划,下发相应规划的管理IP地址和参数配置以及业务的推送。 [0075] 4, the network node learns all the node devices Internet meta information network, then the convergence device, which is uniform reported to the network management system, management and unified planning of these devices by the network management system, the retransmission management corresponding planning IP addresses and configuration parameters as well as push services.

[0076] 通过上述系统及方法,无需对网络上设备进行手动配置,通过节点自动配置管理IP地址,实现对设备即插即管功能。 [0076], without having to manually configure the devices on the network by the above-described system and method to automatically configure the IP address management node, to realize the function of the device plug or tube.

[0077] 下面结合附图对本发明优选实施方式进行说明。 [0077] conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described.

[0078] 图14是根据本发明优选实施方式的IP RAN零配置即插即用的流程图,如图14所示,该流程包括如下步骤: [0078] FIG. 14 is a flowchart illustrating a preferred embodiment of the IP RAN zero-configuration Plug and Play of the present invention, shown in Figure 14, the process comprising the steps of:

[0079] 步骤S1402,接入节点自动生成IP地址,进行管理IP地址配置; [0079] step S1402, the access node automatically generated IP address, IP address configuration management;

[0080] 步骤S1404,启动IGP协议进程,创建DCN VRF和DCN P2P子接口; [0080] step S1404, the IGP to start the process of creating DCN VRF and DCN P2P sub-interface;

[0081] 步骤S1406,OSPF, ARP或LLDP发现和学习到相邻节点端口MAC和IP ; [0081] Step S1406, OSPF, ARP or LLDP discovery and learning MAC and IP ports to adjacent nodes;

[0082] 步骤S1408,将网元信息以TLV方式封装到扩展OSPF LSA或LLDP中,进行通告; [0082] step S1408, the information in the NE TLV encapsulated to extend or OSPF LSA LLDP, the advertised;

[0083] 步骤S1410,汇聚设备将各网元信息统一上报网管; [0083] Step S1410, the convergence device information of each network element unified the NMS;

[0084] 步骤S1412,打通DCN通道,网管系统进行设备统一管理和规划,业务推送。 [0084] Step S1412, open up the DCN channel, unified network management system for device management and planning, business push.

[0085] 图15是根据本发明优选实施方式的IP RAN零配置即插即管网络结构示意图,下面结合图15对本发明优选实施方式的上述IP RAN零配置即插即管处理流程进行说明,SP以图15的网络结构为例,简述当新设备接入到网络时,如何通过扩展OSPF协议,实现即插即管功能。 [0085] FIG. 15 is a schematic structure of a network IP RAN zero-configuration Plug and preferred embodiments of the present invention, i.e. the tube, the above-described below in conjunction with FIG. 15 a preferred embodiment of the IP RAN zero-configuration Plug embodiment of the present invention will be described the processing flow tube, SP in an example of the network structure of FIG. 15, when a new device briefly to access the network, how extended OSPF protocol to implement plug-and-tube function.

[0086] 1、当图15中任一接入节点Al或A2或A3上电时,根据特定规则或算法,如:根据设备上桥接MAC,网元ID以及所分配的序列号等,各自自动产生一个管理IP地址,进行本节点管理(Loopback)IP地址的配置或者采取手动方式为每个节点配置一个管理环回IP地址; [0086] 1, FIG. 15 as an access node of any one of Al or A2 or A3 on power, in accordance with certain rules or algorithms, such as: the device according to the MAC bridge, NE ID and the serial number assigned, the respective automatic generating a management IP address for management node (the loopback) configure the IP address configured manually or take a management loopback IP address to each node;

[0087] 2、每个节点Al,A2,A3在配置好管理IP地址后,启动OSPF等协议进程,自动创建DCN VRF,在使能DCN的接口上,使用特定的VLAN (4094),创建子接口,子接口类型为P2P(无编号接口)类型,绑定DCN VRF,借用loopback环回IP地址; [0087] 2, each node Al, A2, A3 after configuring the management IP address, such as OSPF protocol process starts automatically create DCN VRF, DCN enabled on the interface, the use of a specific VLAN (4094), create a sub interface, sub-interface type is P2P (unnumbered interface) type, binding DCN VRF, borrow run loopback IP address;

[0088] 3、对于Al和A2,A2和A3以及A3和B之间对应端口MAC地址和各自节点管理IP地址的学习和发现,默认情况下采用LLDP方式,但也可以OSPF和ARP等方式进行对端节点IP地址和MAC地址学习; [0088] 3, to the corresponding port MAC address and IP address of each management node between Al and A2, A2 and A3, and A3 and B learning and discovery, use LLDP default mode, but may be other ways and ARP OSPF the correspondent node IP address and MAC address learning;

[0089] 4、当采用LLDP方式,以图15中A2节点为例,在向其相邻节点Al,A3发送LLDP协议报文中,通过Management Address TLV中携带A2管理IP地址,也就是对端网元的NEIP,并根据报文中management Adress Subtype,区分出是IPv4 (必选),还是IPv6 (可选),以便相邻节点Al和A3发现和学习到A2的管理环回IP地址信息;另外,利用LLDP协议报文中源MAC地址信息,学习到对端端口的MAC地址;如图15所示,LLDP协议报头上源MAC地址信息,就是A2上对应端口的MAC地址,以便Al和A3学习到A2各自对应端口MAC地址;并在LLDP报文携带IP-MAC绑定关系; [0089] 4, when using LLDP embodiment, to node A2 in FIG. 15 as an example, to its neighboring nodes Al, A3 transmits the LLDP protocol packets, A2 carries the IP address management Management Address TLV, the peer i.e. NE NEIP, and according to the message management Adress Subtype, distinguish is the IPv4 (mandatory) or IPv6 (optional), in order to discover neighboring nodes A3 and Al and A2 learned loopback IP address management information; Further, by using the LLDP protocol packet source MAC address information, learning the MAC address of the peer port;, LLDP protocol packet source MAC address information of the head as shown in FIG. 15, is the MAC address corresponding to the port A2, and A3 to Al A2 learned MAC address corresponding to each port; and carries the IP-MAC binding relationship LLDP packet;

[0090] 5、当采用OSPF和ARP方式,以图15中A2节点为例,在采用OSPF P2P类型的DCN路由学习时,相邻Al和A3节点可以学习到A2节点上管理IP地址信息,后当节点Al,A3存在DCN管理数据需要发送时,则在其DCN子接口上启动ARP协议,通过向A2上对应端口上发送ARP Request报文,再由A2对应端口发送相应的ARP Reply报文上,学习对应端口上MAC地址信息; [0090] 5, and when the OSPF ARP embodiment, to node A2 in FIG. 15 as an example, when the OSPF routing DCN are P2P type of learning, Al and A3 adjacent node can learn the IP address information of the management node A2, after when the node Al, A3 presence DCN management data needs to be sent, the start ARP protocol on its DCN sub-interfaces, sending ARP Request packets on a port, then the port Reply messages on by a corresponding to the A2 A2 corresponding to send the corresponding ARP packets learning the MAC address information corresponding to the port;

[0091] 6、Al,A2和A3使用标准OSPF协议进行协商和路由发现和计算,形成了DCN的IP [0091] 6, Al, A2, and A3 using standard OSPF protocol negotiation and calculation and route discovery, the formation of an IP DCN

路由表; Routing table;

[0092] 7、对于网元信息,如:厂家,设备型号,网元MAC,NEID, NEIPV4, NEIPV6等信息,通过TLV方式,封装到OSPF TYPE 1LSA等协议报文中去,采用组播(224.0,0,5)方式,将信息进行泛洪;如对于图15中Al节点来说,其将通组播方式(224.0.0.5)将Al网元信息,通告给相邻A2节点;而对于A2节点在学习到Al节点网元信息后,再通过组播方式,将自己学习到Al网元信息和A2自己网元信息,通告给相邻节点A3和Al ;而对于A3节点,也采用同样方式,将本节点学习到Al,A2网元信息和本节点A3网元信息,通告给相邻节点A2和B ;最终Al,A2,A3,B都学习到全网上节点的网元信息; [0092] 7, the network element information, such as: manufacturers, device model, NE MAC, NEID, NEIPV4, NEIPV6 other information, by way of TLV, and the like OSPF TYPE 1LSA encapsulated into protocol packets to, multicast (224.0 , 0,5) mode, the information flooding; as described for Al in node 15, its the through multicast (224.0.0.5) to the NE information Al, A2 advertised to a neighboring node; for A2 after learning the node Al to node NE information, then the multicast mode, the network element Al to learn their own information and information of network elements A2, A3 and Al notified to the adjacent node; for node A3, also used in the same manner the node to learn of Al, A2 and node information NE NE information A3, A2 and advertised to a neighboring node B; final Al, A2, A3, B are learned online NEs whole node;

[0093] 8、通过统一汇聚设备B,将Al, A2, A3及B所有网兀设备信息统一上报给网管系统,实现了设备即插即管的功能; [0093] 8, unified aggregation device B, and Al, A2, A3 and B are all unified network Wu device information reported to the network management system, the device realizes the function of the plug and the tube;

[0094] 9、在打通DCN通道后,由网管系统对Al,A2,A3及B设备进行统一管理和规划和业务的推送,进行网络设备的配置和管理。 [0094] 9, after the open channel DCN, unified management and business planning and push the Al, A2, A3, and B by a network management system equipment, configuration and management of network devices.

[0095] 显然,本领域的技术人员应该明白,上述的本发明的各模块或各步骤可以用通用的计算装置来实现,它们可以集中在单个的计算装置上,或者分布在多个计算装置所组成的网络上,可选地,它们可以用计算装置可执行的程序代码来实现,从而,可以将它们存储在存储装置中由计算装置来执行,并且在某些情况下,可以以不同于此处的顺序执行所示出或描述的步骤,或者将它们分别制作成各个集成电路模块,或者将它们中的多个模块或步骤制作成单个集成电路模块来实现。 [0095] Obviously, those skilled in the art should understand that the modules or steps of the present invention described above can be used general-purpose computing device, they can be integrated in a single computing device or distributed across multiple computing devices available on the Internet, optionally, they can be implemented with program codes executable by a computing device, so that, to be performed by a computing device stored in a storage means, and in some cases, may be different from this at step sequence shown or described, or they are made into integrated circuit modules, or by making them of a plurality of modules or steps in a single integrated circuit module. 这样,本发明不限制于任何特定的硬件和软件结合。 Thus, the present invention is not limited to any particular hardware and software combination.

[0096] 以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本发明可以有各种更改和变化。 [0096] The foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the invention to those skilled in the art, the present invention may have various changes and variations. 凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 Any modification within the spirit and principle of the present invention, made, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (15)

  1. 1.一种网元设备配置和管理方法,其特征在于,包括: 依据网元参数信息生成管理IP地址; 启动内部网关协议IGP,创建网管虚拟路由表VRF和点到点P2P类型端口; 学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和媒体接入控制MAC地址; 接收网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信息。 1. A network element management method and device configuration, characterized by comprising: a network element based on the parameter information generation management IP address; the IGP interior gateway protocol start, to create a virtual network and routing table VRF point P2P type of port; TIPS o NE management IP address and media access control (MAC) address; issued by the receiving network management system and network element device configuration management information.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,在接收所述网管系统下发的所述网元设备配置和管理信息之后,还包括: 向全网网元传送所述网元设备配置和管理信息。 2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that, after the network element send device configuration and management information at the receiving network management system, further comprising: a transmitting device configured to the network element NE entire network and management information.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,在接收所述网管系统下发的所述网元设备配置和管理信息之前,还包括: 获取全网网元的所述网元设备信息。 3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that, prior to the receiving hair in the network management system and network element device configuration management information, further comprising: obtaining full network element device information of the network element .
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,在获取所述全网网元的网元设备信息之后,还包括: 将获取的所述全网网元的所述网元设备信息上报给所述网管系统。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein, after acquiring the device information of the whole network element NE, further comprising: obtaining a whole network of the network element the network element device information report to the network management system.
  5. 5.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,通过以下方式获取所述全网网元的所述网元设备信息: 通过相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式获取全网网元的网元设备信息,其中,所述相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式包括:第一网元将所述第一网元的网元设备信息以标签长度值TLV的方式封装到协议报文中之后,通过发送协议报文的方式将所述第一网元的网元设备信息通告给与所述第一网元相邻的第二网元,所述第二网元通过同样的方式将获取到的所述第一网元的网元设备信息以及所述第二网元的网元设备信息通告给与所述第二网元相邻的第一网元及第三网元,只要网元获取到更新的网元设备信息就进行相邻通告,直至全部网元均获取到全网网元的网元设备信息。 5. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that, obtaining by way of the global network of the network element NE device information: acquiring the whole network through a network to each other between adjacent NEs notice of the element information network element devices, wherein each of said advertisement between adjacent network elements include: a first network element to the first network element to network element devices label length value TLV information is encapsulated into protocol packets after the text by sending packets manner to the first network element NE device information advertisement given the first network element adjacent to the second network element, the second network element in the same way acquired in the first network element to network element devices and information of the second network element NE device information advertisement given the second network element adjacent to the first network element and a second network element, as long as NE to obtain updated information on network elements perform neighboring announcement until all network elements are to get the full network element of the network element information.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述网元参数信息包括以下至少之一: 网元的所述MAC地址、网元的序列号、网元的网元标识号。 6. The method according to claim 1, wherein said network parameter information comprises at least one element of the following: MAC address of the network element, NE serial number, NE NE identification number.
  7. 7.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述网元设备信息包括以下至少之一: 网元的厂家信息、网元的设备型号、网元的所述MAC地址、网元的网元标识号、网元的IPV4信息、网元的IPV6信息。 7. The method according to claim 3, wherein said network element device information includes at least one of: network element manufacturer information, device model NE, the MAC address of the network element, NE NE identification number, network element information IPV4, IPV6 network element information.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,学习所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址和所述MAC地址包括: 通过链路层发现协议LLDP报文的方式学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和MAC地址,其中,所述LLDP报文中的管理地址标签长度值TLV中携带有所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址、所述LLDP报文中的源MAC地址中携带所述相邻网元的所述MAC地址;和/或, 通过IGP路由学习和地址解析协议ARP报文的方式学习所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址和所述MAC地址,其中,通过IGP路由学习到所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址,通过与所述相邻网元交互所述ARP报文的方式学习到所述相邻网元的所述MAC地址。 8. The method according to claim 1, wherein said learning network element adjacent to the management IP address and the MAC address comprises: learning neighboring link layer discovery protocol LLDP Packets element management IP address and MAC address, wherein said management LLDP packet address label length value TLV carries the adjacent network element to the management IP address, the LLDP packet source MAC address adjacent carries the MAC address of the network element; and / or, by learning and IGP route ARP protocol packets manner adjacent the learning management network element of the IP address and the MAC address, wherein the learned via IGP routing network element adjacent to the MAC address of the adjacent network element to the management IP address, learned through ARP packets element interacting with the said neighboring.
  9. 9.一种网元设备配置和管理装置,其特征在于,包括: 生成模块,用于依据网元参数信息生成管理IP地址; 创建模块,用于启动内部网关协议IGP,创建网管虚拟路由表VRF和点到点P2P类型端π ; 学习模块,用于学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和媒体接入控制MAC地址; 接收模块,用于接收网管系统下发的网元设备配置和管理信息。 A network element device configuration and management apparatus comprising: generating means for generating parameter information based on the network element management IP address; creating module, for activating the IGP interior gateway protocol, routing table to create a virtual network VRF and an end point P2P type [pi]; learning module to learn the neighboring NE management IP address and a media access control MAC address for; receiving module, configured to send the device receives the network element management system and configuration management information.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的装置,其特征在于,还包括: 传送模块,用于向全网网元传送所述网元设备配置和管理信息。 10. The apparatus according to claim 9, characterized in that, further comprising: a transmission module for the network element device configuration and management information is sent to the whole network element.
  11. 11.根据权利要求9所述的装置,其特征在于,还包括: 获取模块,用于获取全网网元的所述网元设备信息。 11. The apparatus according to claim 9, characterized in that, further comprising: an obtaining module, configured to obtain the device information of the network element NE of the entire network.
  12. 12.根据权利要求11所述的装置,其特征在于,还包括: 上报模块,用于将获取的所述全网网元的所述网元设备信息上报给所述网管系统。 12. The apparatus as claimed in claim 11, characterized in that, further comprising: a reporting module for the acquisition of the whole of the network element NE device information reported to the network management system.
  13. 13.根据权利要求11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述获取模块包括: 获取单元,用于通过相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式获取全网网元的网元设备信息,其中,所述相邻网元之间的相互通告的方式包括:第一网元将所述第一网元的网元设备信息以标签长度值TLV的方式封装到协议报文中之后,通过发送协议报文的方式将所述第一网元的网元设备信息通告给与所述第一网元相邻的第二网元,所述第二网元通过同样的方式将获取到的所述第一网元的网元设备信息以及所述第二网元的网元设备信息通告给与所述第二网元相邻的第一网元及第三网元,只要网元获取到更新的网元设备信息就进行相邻通告,直至全部网元均获取到全网网元的网元设备信息。 13. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the obtaining module comprises: an obtaining unit, configured to obtain the whole network element by way of mutual advertisement between adjacent network elements NE device information, wherein mutual advertisement between the adjacent network elements include: a first network element to the first network element to network element device information TLV tag length value encapsulated packet after the protocol, transmission protocol by said first message to the first network element embodiment of the network element devices give information advertisement adjacent to the first network element a second network element, the second network element will be obtained by the same manner NE NE device information of the second network element and the network element devices give information advertisement adjacent to the second network element a first network element and a second network element, NE acquired as long as the updated network element device information to be adjacent to notice, until all network elements are to get the full network element of the network element information.
  14. 14.根据权利要求9所述的装置,其特征在于,所述学习模块包括: 第一学习单元,用于通过链路层发现协议LLDP报文的方式学习相邻网元的管理IP地址和MAC地址,其中,所述LLDP报文中的管理地址标签长度值TLV中携带有所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址、所述LLDP报文中的源MAC地址中携带所述相邻网元的所述MAC地址;和/或, 第二学习单元,用于通过IGP路由学习和地址解析协议ARP报文的方式学习所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址和所述MAC地址,其中,通过IGP路由学习到所述相邻网元的所述管理IP地址,通过与所述相邻网元交互所述ARP报文的方式学习到所述相邻网元的所述MAC地址。 14. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said learning module comprises: a first learning unit configured to link layer discovery protocol LLDP packet learning manner adjacent NE management IP address and MAC address, wherein said management LLDP packet address label length value TLV carries the adjacent network element to the management IP address, the LLDP packet source MAC address carried in the neighboring MAC address of the element; and / or a second learning means for learning by the IGP routing and address Resolution protocol ARP packet way to learn the network element management IP address and the MAC address of the adjacent, wherein the learned via IGP routing network element adjacent to the MAC address of the adjacent network element to the management IP address, learned through ARP packets element interacting with the said neighboring.
  15. 15.一种网元设备,其特征在于,包括权利要求9至14中任一项所述的装置。 15. A network element apparatus, characterized by comprising means 9-1 according to any of claims 14.
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