CN104566723A - Ice storage air-conditioning system using different phase-change materials - Google Patents

Ice storage air-conditioning system using different phase-change materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104566723A
CN104566723A CN201410851756.7A CN201410851756A CN104566723A CN 104566723 A CN104566723 A CN 104566723A CN 201410851756 A CN201410851756 A CN 201410851756A CN 104566723 A CN104566723 A CN 104566723A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
transfer fluid
cold
ice
phase change
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410851756.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朴成峻
朴惠源
Original Assignee
爱斯制冷科技(江阴)有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR1020140000718A priority Critical patent/KR20150081090A/en
Priority to KR10-2014-0000718 priority
Application filed by 爱斯制冷科技(江阴)有限公司 filed Critical 爱斯制冷科技(江阴)有限公司
Publication of CN104566723A publication Critical patent/CN104566723A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0017Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using cold storage bodies, e.g. ice
    • F24F5/0021Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using cold storage bodies, e.g. ice using phase change material [PCM] for storage
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0017Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using cold storage bodies, e.g. ice
    • F24F2005/0032Systems storing energy during the night
    • Y02E60/142
    • Y02E60/147

Abstract

The invention provides an ice storage air-conditioning system using different phase-change materials and relates to the low-temperature thermal energy storing technology. Electric power consumption and electric charge can be minimized. In a cold accumulation groove, a low-temperature latent-heat P.C.M (Phase Change Material) whose phase change temperature is -10 DEG C conducts heat exchange with low-temperature heat energy on the periphery of a coolant circulation heat exchanging Coil where a refrigerating machine is used as an evaporator so as to store low-temperature heat energy via phase change, i.e., changing liquid into solid. Water whose phase change temperature is 0 DEG C conducts heat exchange with low-temperature heat energy by naturally discharging cold on the periphery of a first cold storing groove for storing the low-temperature latent-heat P.C.M (Phase Change Material) so as to store the low-temperature heat energy via phase change, i.e., changing liquid into solid. Via the heat conduction fluid circulation in a heat conduction fluid circulation Coil installed in a second cold storing groove for storing water (H2O), it is achieved that cooled heat conduction fluid is supplied for an air-conditioning indoor unit which is in charge of cooling a building. In this way, the ice storage air-conditioning system is formed.

Description

Use the ice-chilling air conditioning system of different phase-change material

[technical field]

The present invention is a kind of by using different phase-change materials, to improve the ice-chilling air conditioning system of heat exchanger effectiveness.

[background technology]

Generally, cool storage air conditioning technology is that the time drives refrigerator at dead of night, make the undergoing phase transition of water inside cold-storage groove and store low temperature heat energy, the low temperature heat energy stored and heat-transfer fluid carry out heat exchange, through the process of indoor apparatus of air conditioner inner air, to be circulated by comb and the mode cooling indoor temperature is freezed.Utilize water solid to change into ice, the cool storage air conditioning technology absorbing heat energy when melting has widely used decades, is very ripe commercial technology.However, this Cool Storage Technology is because only use water (H 2o) as latent heat materials, by heat-transfer fluid, the air in low temperature heat energy indoor apparatus of air conditioner is circulated at comb, again by carrying out heat exchange with room air, during indoor temperature cooling, the ice of heat-transfer fluid circulation comb outside easily can undergoing phase transition (solid becomes liquid) temperature rise thereupon, the temperature of the low temperature heat energy passed on by comb during the inner air process of heat-transfer fluid indoor set is also risen thereupon, therefore time again with room air heat exchange, room air cooling effectiveness can reduce, so this Cool Storage Technology is still the heat change method being difficult to effectively store low temperature heat energy.

Ice-storage system cold-storage ice-making process style is static mode and dynamical fashion.Static ice making refers to the outer ice making type (ice-on-coil) of the pipe frozen at heat-exchanger surface or internal tank, the mode ice makings such as capsule-type (encapsulated ice), dynamic ice-making refers to that thin ice or ice pellets continue ice making and ice slurry, they are stored in the ice storage ice slurry type (ice slurry) in ice conserve cold groove, the mode ice makings such as ice collection type (ice-harvesting).

Usually general ice-chilling air conditioning system is the ice conserve cold combination of air-conditioning system, and if Fig. 1 is by reezer system, ice conserve cold store groove, heat exchanger, pump, idle call air assembly is formed.Ice conserve cold technique drives refrigerator in the late into the night that electric load is lower, make the comb circulation of ethylene glycol (Glycol) solution of low temperature in ice conserve cold store groove inside, the heat energy of store groove internal water is removed and congeals into ice at the inner comb outer surface of ice conserve cold store groove.In cooling procedure, refrigeration system is static, and the water of ethylene glycol in comb inner loop or ice conserve cold store groove passes through at comb peripheral circulation, and extracts energy from ice.The ethylene glycol of such cooling or frozen water are by while heat exchanger 1 time, and the cooling of building cooling water is recycled to heat exchanger latter 2 times, and the air aircondition being responsible for cooling building is given in supply.

So far, most ice storage technology uses latent heat materials water (H 2o), generate ice below 0 DEG C after, ice stores low temperature heat energy while aqueous phase change, is used in the sensible heat ice conserve cold cooling procedure of foregoing description according to temperature difference.

[document 1] KR 10-0964360, KR 10-2010-01166972010.03.31,2010.11.23

But, be all use phase-change material, such as water (H in above-mentioned [document 1] 2or heavy water (D O) 2the latent heat materials such as O), uses continuously in basic ice Thermal Storage Air-Conditioning Technology.Therefore, latent heat materials in the past uses single phase-transition material, although broken away from the heat exchange storing mode of low temperature heat energy poor efficiency, heat conduction efficiency obtains epoch-making improvement, improve energy efficiency, also because of the appearance of ice conserve cold cooling technology, the definite business efficiency needed also improves, but, or there is the problem being difficult to effectively store low temperature heat energy existed because using single phase-change material.

[content of invention]

[needing the problem solved]

As mentioned above, the present invention is in order to solve above traditional problem, and object utilizes latent heat materials at low temperature latent heat P.C.M (the Phase Change Material and the water (H 0 DEG C of phase change (liquid becomes solid) of-10 DEG C of phase change (liquid becomes solid) 2o) interior of building is cooled, high-efficiency thermal exchange is carried out, for making air-conditioning system running cost be minimised as object and the ice-chilling air conditioning system provided by the air of the low temperature heat energy that low temperature latent heat phase change (liquid becomes solid) stored and interior of building.

[problem-solving approach]

The low temperature latent heat P.C.M (Phase Change Material) of-10 DEG C of phase change (liquid becomes solid) in order to achieve the above object, is stored in the 1st cold-storage groove by the present invention;

The refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil) of the low temperature latent heat P.C.M (Phase Change Material) stored in the 1st cold-storage groove and the effect of performance evaporimeter carries out heat exchange; Refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil) and by compressor, condenser, the refrigerator unit (Unit) that expansion valve is formed connects, and the 1st cold-storage groove inside is included in the 2nd cold-storage groove; That store in the 2nd cold-storage groove is water (H 2o); Water (H 2o) phase transformation turns to solidified ice and heat-transfer fluid generation heat exchange, and heat-transfer fluid is cooled, and its structural feature is that the heat-transfer fluid of described cooling is supplied to the inside of indoor apparatus of air conditioner by heat-transfer fluid comb (Coil) circulation.

[effect]

As mentioned above, the present invention is the air-conditioning system using different phase-change material, is to use phase change (liquid becomes solid) temperature to be the P.C.M (PhaseChange Material) made in eutectic salts (Eutectic Salf) mode of-10 DEG C and use phase change temperature to be the water (H of 0 DEG C 2o), the system of refrigerator is driven at the late night hours of low electric load, the cheap electricity charge, the phase change temperature of the 1st cold-storage groove internal reservoir is that the eutectic salts (Eutectic Salf) of-10 DEG C stores low temperature heat energy by phase change (liquid becomes solid), makes the phase change temperature of the 2nd cold-storage groove internal reservoir be the water (H of 0 DEG C with the low temperature heat energy of cooling naturally in the 1st cold-storage groove simultaneously 2o) low temperature heat energy is stored by phase change (liquid becomes solid).Herein, the copper (Cu) that available pyroconductivity is high or aluminium (Al) material make the 1st cold-storage groove and improve heat conducting efficiency.

The low temperature heat energy using different phase-transition material to store by day is to cool interior of building, by carrying out the heat-transfer fluid of heat exchange with the air of interior of building, carry out heat exchange to cool again with the ice of the storage low temperature heat energy in the 2nd cold-storage groove inside, now, along with the change of time, by carrying out heat exchange with heat-transfer fluid, temperature rises and makes the ice phase transformation of solid state turn to the water (H of liquid condition 2o), supply is uprised to the temperature of the heat-transfer fluid of the indoor apparatus of air conditioner of interior of building, shortcoming is that the air conditioner refrigeration effect of interior of building reduces, the low temperature heat energy of the storage low temperature latent heat P.C.M (Phase ChangeMaterial) of-10 DEG C of the 1st cold-storage groove inside, can make the water (H of cooling naturally below 0 DEG C 2o) solid (ice) state maintains for a long time, the supply continued after the ice of heat-transfer fluid and 0 DEG C carries out heat exchange is to the indoor apparatus of air conditioner of the interior of building of low temperature heat energy less than+10 DEG C, compared with traditional mode, be make the improved very useful invention greatly of the cooling effectiveness of interior of building air-conditioning.

[brief description of drawing]

Fig. 1 uses the ice-chilling air conditioning system inscape of different phase-transition material and the flowing of heat-transfer fluid and the schematic diagram of distribution about the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the top view distributed about the inner refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil) (6) of the present invention the 1st cold-storage groove (4) and the 2nd cold-storage groove (5) internal heat transfer fluid circulation comb (9).

< is about the explanation > of drawing major part symbol

1. compressor 2. condenser

3. expansion valve 4. the 1st cold-storage groove

5. the 2nd cold-storage groove 6. refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil)

7. low temperature latent heat P.C.M 8. water (H2O)

9. heat-transfer fluid circulation comb (Coil) 10. circulating pump (Pump)

11. the 1st heat-transfer fluid store groove 12. the 2nd heat-transfer fluid store grooves

13. water-level regulator 14. electromagnetic controllers

15. magnetic valve 16. indoor apparatus of air conditioner

[for the concrete content that invention is implemented]

Below, about an example preferably implemented of the present invention, the basis of accompanying drawing is described in detail as follows.

Fig. 1 uses the ice-chilling air conditioning system inscape of different phase-transition material and the flowing of heat-transfer fluid and the schematic diagram of distribution about the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the top view distributed about the inner refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil) (6) of the present invention the 1st cold-storage groove (4) and the 2nd cold-storage groove (5) internal heat transfer fluid circulation comb (9).

The present invention is the 1st cold-storage groove (4) stored from the low temperature latent heat P.C.M (Phase ChangeMaterial) (7) of-10 DEG C of phase change (liquid becomes solid); Refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil) (6) that heat exchange plays evaporimeter effect are carried out with the inner low temperature latent heat P.C.M (Phase Change Material) (7) stored of the 1st cold-storage groove (4); With by the compressor (1) being connected refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil) (6), condenser (2), the refrigerator unit (Unit) that expansion valve (3) is formed, the 1st cold-storage groove (4) inside is included in the 2nd cold-storage groove (5); At the water (H of the inner storage of the 2nd cold-storage groove (5) 2o) (8); Water (8) phase transformation turns to solidified ice and heat-transfer fluid generation heat exchange, by heat-transfer fluid circulating cooling in heat-transfer fluid circulates comb (9), and the supply formed is to the ice-chilling air conditioning system of indoor apparatus of air conditioner (16).

In more detail, in the 2nd cold-storage groove (5) internal reservoir phase change temperature be the water (H of 0 DEG C 2o) (8), the low temperature latent heat P.C.M (Phase Change Material) (7) that phase change temperature is-10 DEG C is stored in the 1st cold-storage groove (4) center of inside, the low temperature latent heat P.C.M (PhaseChange Material) (7) of-10 DEG C of phase change is that refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil) (6) that refrigerator is playing evaporimeter effect are peripheral, carry out undergoing phase transition of heat exchange (liquid becomes solid) by low temperature heat energy and store low temperature heat energy, what the 2nd cold-storage groove (5) stored is phase change temperature is the water (H of 0 DEG C 2o) (8), the inner phase change temperature of 1st cold-storage groove (4) is that the low temperature latent heat P.C.M (Phase ChangeMaterial) (7) phase change (liquid becomes solid) of-10 DEG C is naturally cooled through and stores low temperature heat energy with undergoing phase transition of low temperature heat energy heat exchange (liquid becomes solid), heat exchange is there is by the heat-transfer fluid circulation inner with heat-transfer fluid circulation comb (Coil) (9) in daytime in the 2nd cold-storage groove (5) inside, and form supply to the ice-storage system being responsible for the indoor apparatus of air conditioner (16) cooling building.

The present invention drives refrigerator at the late night hours that electric load is lower, (Phase Change Material (7) phase change (liquid becomes solid) stores low temperature heat energy to use the low temperature latent heat P.C.M of different phase transition temperature, the low temperature heat energy of storage is used for freezing by the daylight hours higher at electric load, extends solidified water (H 2o) (8) phase transformation turns to the time of liquid, and making heat-transfer fluid carry out the thermostatic of heat exchange at 0 DEG C for a long time, is make the maximized ice Thermal Storage Air-Conditioning Technology of cooling effectiveness.

Claims (5)

1. liquid becomes the phase change temperature of solid is that the low temperature latent heat P.C.M (Phase ChangeMaterial) (7) of-10 DEG C is stored in the first cold-storage groove (4);
The low temperature latent heat P.C.M (Phase Change Material) (7) of the inner storage of the 1st cold-storage groove (4) carries out heat exchange with refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil) (6) playing evaporimeter effect;
By the compressor (1) be connected with refrigerant circulation heat exchange tube bank (Coil) (6), condenser (2), expansion valve (3) forms refrigerator unit (Unit);
1st cold-storage groove (4) inside is included in the 2nd cold-storage groove (5);
2nd cold-storage groove (5) inner store be water (H 2o) (8);
By the phase change in the 2nd cold-storage groove (5) inside, solidified ice and the heat-transfer fluid in heat-transfer fluid circulation comb (Coil) (9) do heat exchange;
Use the ice-chilling air conditioning system of different phase-change material by above-mentioned technological maheup, and the heat-transfer fluid of cooling is supplied to indoor apparatus of air conditioner as feature by carrying out heat exchange with ice.
2. use the feature of ice-chilling air conditioning system of different phase-change material to be: in application item 1, the material of the 1st cold-storage groove (4) is with at aluminium, and copper, iron, selects one or more material in the group that plastics are formed.
3. use the feature of the ice-chilling air conditioning system of different phase-change material to be: in application item 1, by with ice heat exchange after the heat-transfer fluid great majority that cool can be used for reclaiming to each indoor apparatus of air conditioner, be heat-transfer fluid is stored at temporarily the 1st heat-transfer fluid store groove (11) and the 2nd heat-transfer fluid store groove (12) therebetween.
4. use the feature of the ice-chilling air conditioning system of different phase-change material to be: in application item 3,1st heat-transfer fluid store groove (11) and the 2nd heat-transfer fluid store groove (12) have been connected and installed water-level regulator (13), electromagnetic controller (14) and circulating pump (10), when departing from reasonable water level range, electromagnetic controller (14) can regulate circulating pump (10) to maintain reasonable water level automatically.
5. use the feature of the ice-chilling air conditioning system of different phase-change material to be: in application item 3, in 1st heat-transfer fluid store groove (11), cooled heat-transfer fluid supplies to each indoor apparatus of air conditioner (16), connect in the heat-transfer fluid supply comb of each indoor apparatus of air conditioner (16) and magnetic valve (15) and circulating pump (10) have been installed, magnetic valve (15) switch Open/Close is installed in the heat-transfer fluid comb of each separately indoor indoor apparatus of air conditioner (16) circulating pump (10) switch ON/OFF is also housed simultaneously the heat-transfer fluid of cooling is supplied to indoor apparatus of air conditioner (16).
CN201410851756.7A 2014-01-03 2014-12-31 Ice storage air-conditioning system using different phase-change materials CN104566723A (en)

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KR1020140000718A KR20150081090A (en) 2014-01-03 2014-01-03 Thermal storage air-conditioning system using a different phase change materials.
KR10-2014-0000718 2014-01-03

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Cited By (2)

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CN105841298A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-08-10 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Control method used for air conditioner and air conditioner
CN109294523A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-01 浙江大学山东工业技术研究院 A kind of cold accumulation air-conditioner

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KR102097695B1 (en) * 2020-01-23 2020-04-06 주식회사 에어라클 Heat Exchange Assembly for Duel Air Conditioning Device Using Phase Change Material
KR102090022B1 (en) * 2020-01-23 2020-03-17 주식회사 에어라클 Method for Operating Duel Air Conditioning Device Using Phase Change Material
KR102101326B1 (en) * 2020-01-23 2020-04-16 주식회사 에어라클 Duel Air Conditioning Device Using Phase Change Material

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JP2003042539A (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-02-13 Toshiba Kyaria Kk Hot waste water heat recovery system
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CN109294523A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-01 浙江大学山东工业技术研究院 A kind of cold accumulation air-conditioner

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