CN104564234A - Internal combustion locomotive oil-gas separating device - Google Patents

Internal combustion locomotive oil-gas separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104564234A
CN104564234A CN201510015761.9A CN201510015761A CN104564234A CN 104564234 A CN104564234 A CN 104564234A CN 201510015761 A CN201510015761 A CN 201510015761A CN 104564234 A CN104564234 A CN 104564234A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil
gas
internal combustion
combustion locomotive
plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510015761.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贺宝亭
赵士琦
李裕海
侯广玉
魏磊
杨振业
王传尚
刘设
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Railway Transportation Department Of Zaozhuang Mining (group) Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Railway Transportation Department Of Zaozhuang Mining (group) Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Railway Transportation Department Of Zaozhuang Mining (group) Co Ltd filed Critical Railway Transportation Department Of Zaozhuang Mining (group) Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510015761.9A priority Critical patent/CN104564234A/en
Publication of CN104564234A publication Critical patent/CN104564234A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01MLUBRICATING OF MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; LUBRICATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; CRANKCASE VENTILATING
    • F01M13/00Crankcase ventilating or breathing
    • F01M13/04Crankcase ventilating or breathing having means for purifying air before leaving crankcase, e.g. removing oil
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01MLUBRICATING OF MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; LUBRICATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; CRANKCASE VENTILATING
    • F01M13/00Crankcase ventilating or breathing
    • F01M13/04Crankcase ventilating or breathing having means for purifying air before leaving crankcase, e.g. removing oil
    • F01M2013/0433Crankcase ventilating or breathing having means for purifying air before leaving crankcase, e.g. removing oil with a deflection device, e.g. screen
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01MLUBRICATING OF MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; LUBRICATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; CRANKCASE VENTILATING
    • F01M13/00Crankcase ventilating or breathing
    • F01M13/04Crankcase ventilating or breathing having means for purifying air before leaving crankcase, e.g. removing oil
    • F01M2013/0438Crankcase ventilating or breathing having means for purifying air before leaving crankcase, e.g. removing oil with a filter

Abstract

Disclosed is an internal combustion locomotive oil-gas separating device. The internal combustion locomotive oil-gas separating device can avoid affecting emission of positive-pressure gas inside a crankcase and maintain normal pressure inside the crankcase, and meanwhile can fully filter oil and gas discharged from an oil-gas separator; oil drips inside the oil and gas drop off by gravity and flow back to the crankcase and into an oil pan via the inner walls of two hole air tubes at the lower portion of a barrel, so that a locomotive can keep clean and achieve energy saving and emission reduction. Tested on the locomotive the internal combustion locomotive oil-gas separating device improves the oil and gas filtering efficiency by 70% and reaches expected design aims.

Description

Internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical field, particularly relate to a kind of internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant.
Background technique
Operationally, machine oil passive movement part throws away at a high speed to cause and splashes and form the mist of oil that particle is little, temperature is high diesel engine, and secondly, the combustion gas of a small amount of firing chamber can scurry into crankcase by piston ring.In order to discharge crankcase pressure, diesel engine end plate being provided with the respirating tube with deaerator, making Oil-gas Separation gas enter air through roof.
What current DF4B type locomotive adopted is winding type deaerator, oil gas is discharged after preset cavity Inner eycle, circulation by air-flow makes machine oil separate out recycling, this roundabout separation simple coarse, can not be separated the mixed oil and gas that locomotive is discharged fully, cause in the mixed gas of discharge and still contain a large amount of oil gas, not only cause the wasting of resources, also pollute the environment.
Moreover, on locomotive ceiling, oil gas air outlet place detains reverse U-shaped dust-proof iron sheet, when mixed oil and gas and oil droplet rush at this block iron sheet, because iron sheet itself is smoother, will oil gas be reflexed on locomotive ceiling, the oil droplet in oil gas be just attached on locomotive ceiling, and the greasy dirt assembled in the course of time gets more and more, and four diffusings are gone, namely cause the clean pollution of vent external.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide one and overcome above deficiency, the internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant being separated recycling is fully carried out to the machine oil contained in oil gas.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant, comprise dividing plate, it is characterized in that: dividing plate is connected with the built-in plate of circular hole up and down, the built-in plate of circular hole is connected with flange plate up and down, dividing plate is provided with oil filter, oil filter is be provided with filter screen in the middle of upper cover plate and lower cover plate to form, and is connected with gear cylinder, is provided with plug outside internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant around dividing plate.
Described flange plate is provided with four fixed holes.
Above described oil filter, outer ring is provided with rubber ring.
Described filter screen is five layers, and the filter screen at center is filtering net, and four layers, outside filter screen is outer filter screen.
Described dividing plate and the built-in plate of circular hole are respectively arranged with hole.
Internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant, while not affecting outside the barotropic gas in crankcase and putting, maintain in crankcase normal pressure, the oil gas that deaerator can be made to discharge is separated fully, condensation oil droplet in oil gas is relied on power for support and is fallen to flowing back to oil sump from two aperture respirating tube inwalls of cylindrical shell bottom, decrease the loss of machine oil, accomplish energy-saving and emission-reduction, also made locomotive keep hygienically clean simultaneously.On probation through on locomotive, hydrocarbon filter efficiengy-increasing more than 70%, reaches the purpose of design of expection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is plan view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the present invention does not install oil purifier;
Fig. 4 is inner workings schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is that the present invention does not install oil purifier plan view;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of oil purifier of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of oil purifier of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the plan view of oil purifier of the present invention.
In accompanying drawing: 1, flange plate; 2, plug; 3, the built-in plate of circular hole; 4, rubber ring; 5, oil filter; 6, filtering net; 7, upper cover plate; 8, outer filter screen; 9, lower cover plate; 10, dividing plate; 11, cylinder is kept off.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described:
The present invention as shown in Fig. 1 ~ 8,
A kind of internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant, comprise dividing plate 10, it is characterized in that: dividing plate about 10 is connected with the built-in plate 3 of circular hole, the built-in plate about 3 of circular hole is connected with flange plate 1, dividing plate 10 is provided with oil filter 5, oil filter 5 is provided with filter screen for upper cover plate 7 and lower cover plate 9 are middle and forms, and is connected with gear cylinder 11 around dividing plate 10.
Plug 2 is installed outside internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant.
Described flange plate 1 is provided with four fixed holes.
Above described oil filter 5, outer ring is provided with rubber ring 4.
Described filter screen is five layers, and the filter screen at center is filtering net 6, and four layers, outside filter screen is outer filter screen 8.
Described dividing plate 10 and the built-in plate 3 of circular hole are respectively arranged with hole.
Embodiment
By the internal structure analysis to original DF4B type locomotive deaerator, find that separator interior has individual cavity, therefore, we devise a cylindrical oil filter and are placed in cavity, while not affecting outside the barotropic gas in crankcase and putting, maintain in crankcase normal pressure, secondary filter is carried out to the oil gas that deaerator is discharged, strengthen hydrocarbon filter area of contact, oil gas is fully filtered, the oil droplet filtered out can flow back into again in oil sump along tube wall, greatly reduces the machine oil content in the oil gas of discharge simultaneously.
Oil filter is cylindrical, external diameter 100mm, internal diameter 40mm, and high 90mm is made up of upper cover, lower cover and filter screen.Upper cover and lower cover are ferrous material, and thickness is 0.8mm; Filter screen is five layers altogether, and innermost layer filter screen is irony filter screen, and thickness is 0.5mm; Outside four layers for mesh size be 5 object stainless steel filter screens.Oil filter integral processing adopts argon arc welding spot welding to be made.
Embodiment recited above is described the preferred embodiment of the present invention; not design of the present invention and protection domain are limited; under the prerequisite not departing from design concept of the present invention; the various modification that in related domain, common engineers and technicians make technological scheme of the present invention and improvement, all should fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. an internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant, comprise dividing plate (10), it is characterized in that: dividing plate (10) is connected with the built-in plate of circular hole (3) up and down, the built-in plate of circular hole (3) is connected with flange plate (1) up and down, dividing plate (10) is provided with oil filter (5), oil filter (5) is provided with filter screen for upper cover plate (7) and lower cover plate (9) are middle and forms, and dividing plate (10) is connected with gear cylinder (11) around.
2. internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with plug (2) outside internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant.
3. internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described flange plate (1) is provided with four fixed holes.
4. internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described outer ring, oil filter (5) top is provided with rubber ring (4).
5. internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described filter screen is five layers, and the filter screen at center is filtering net (6), and four layers, outside filter screen is outer filter screen (8).
6. internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described dividing plate (10) and the built-in plate of circular hole (3) are respectively arranged with hole.
CN201510015761.9A 2015-01-13 2015-01-13 Internal combustion locomotive oil-gas separating device Pending CN104564234A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510015761.9A CN104564234A (en) 2015-01-13 2015-01-13 Internal combustion locomotive oil-gas separating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510015761.9A CN104564234A (en) 2015-01-13 2015-01-13 Internal combustion locomotive oil-gas separating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104564234A true CN104564234A (en) 2015-04-29

Family

ID=53081189

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510015761.9A Pending CN104564234A (en) 2015-01-13 2015-01-13 Internal combustion locomotive oil-gas separating device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104564234A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019056945A1 (en) * 2017-09-25 2019-03-28 重庆宗申通用动力机械有限公司 Internal combustion engine oil and gas separation device

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2260893Y (en) * 1996-05-21 1997-08-27 天津机务段机车配件加工厂 Respiration-path device for diesel engine
JP2004211670A (en) * 2003-01-09 2004-07-29 Honda Motor Co Ltd Filter for blow-by gas
KR20050060163A (en) * 2003-12-16 2005-06-22 현대자동차주식회사 Oil filler cap having a oil separator
CN201106464Y (en) * 2007-09-18 2008-08-27 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Gas oil separator for engine
CN201424971Y (en) * 2009-04-17 2010-03-17 浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司 Oil-gas separating device
CN202520397U (en) * 2012-04-24 2012-11-07 苏州市双马机电有限公司 Oil and fog separating device of waste gas of engine
CN202914161U (en) * 2012-11-05 2013-05-01 浙江新柴股份有限公司 New-type overhead respirator device
CN204419300U (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-06-24 枣庄矿业(集团)有限责任公司铁路运输处 Internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2260893Y (en) * 1996-05-21 1997-08-27 天津机务段机车配件加工厂 Respiration-path device for diesel engine
JP2004211670A (en) * 2003-01-09 2004-07-29 Honda Motor Co Ltd Filter for blow-by gas
KR20050060163A (en) * 2003-12-16 2005-06-22 현대자동차주식회사 Oil filler cap having a oil separator
CN201106464Y (en) * 2007-09-18 2008-08-27 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Gas oil separator for engine
CN201424971Y (en) * 2009-04-17 2010-03-17 浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司 Oil-gas separating device
CN202520397U (en) * 2012-04-24 2012-11-07 苏州市双马机电有限公司 Oil and fog separating device of waste gas of engine
CN202914161U (en) * 2012-11-05 2013-05-01 浙江新柴股份有限公司 New-type overhead respirator device
CN204419300U (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-06-24 枣庄矿业(集团)有限责任公司铁路运输处 Internal combustion locomotive gas and oil separating plant

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019056945A1 (en) * 2017-09-25 2019-03-28 重庆宗申通用动力机械有限公司 Internal combustion engine oil and gas separation device
US11143068B2 (en) 2017-09-25 2021-10-12 Chongqing Zongshen General Power Machine Co., Ltd. Oil and gas separation device for internal combustion engine

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Application publication date: 20150429