CN104562881A - Three-dimensional traffic system with one-ring-three-hole or one-ring-two-hole type intersection - Google Patents

Three-dimensional traffic system with one-ring-three-hole or one-ring-two-hole type intersection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104562881A
CN104562881A CN201510008848.3A CN201510008848A CN104562881A CN 104562881 A CN104562881 A CN 104562881A CN 201510008848 A CN201510008848 A CN 201510008848A CN 104562881 A CN104562881 A CN 104562881A
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China
Prior art keywords
culvert
lane
sidewalk
ground
ring
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Pending
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CN201510008848.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
伍道金
刘志壮
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刘志壮
伍道金
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Application filed by 刘志壮, 伍道金 filed Critical 刘志壮
Priority to CN201510008848.3A priority Critical patent/CN104562881A/en
Publication of CN104562881A publication Critical patent/CN104562881A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/04Road crossings on different levels; Interconnections between roads on different levels

Abstract

The invention relates to a three-dimensional traffic system with a one-ring-three-hole or one-ring-two-hole type intersection. The three-dimensional traffic system comprises an underground structure and a ground structure; a first lane is connected with a fifth lane through a middle culvert; a second lane is connected with a third lane through a right culvert; the second lane is connected with a fourth lane through a left culvert; a right bend is arranged above the right culvert; a left bent is arranged above the left culvert; the first lane, the second lane, the third lane, the fourth lane and the fifth lane are on the ground layer; the right culvert, the left culvert and the middle culvert are at the underground layer; the middle culvert is perpendicular to the second lane; and the left bend and the right bend form a ring. The three-dimensional traffic system is a traffic system which has no lamp control and no overhead and has continuous transit intersection; by adopting the sunk type culvert structure, the construction is simple and convenient, the manufacturing cost is low, the passage is smooth, the street constructions and ancillary facilities are not changed, and the urban landscape is not affected. The three-dimensional traffic system is applicable to a newly constructed traffic intersection and the transformation of original intersections with four two-way lanes; and the system has a sidewalk system, and the expenses can be saved due to connected construction.

Description

A kind of ring three hole or formula crossing, a ring two hole grade separation traffic system
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of road traffic, especially the three-dimensional crossing in crossroad or fork in the road system.
Background technology
On the way, at those innumerable traffic intersections.Regrettably, we get used to construction and the management of " plane traffic intersection " already.People from all directions will cross the street at crossing, and vehicle from all directions will converge the road crossing crossing.In order to safety, in order to order, only by dazzling traffic lights, to wait mutually, mode that car car is mutual etc. according to people's car, crossing of being jointly managed and used, makes the traffic efficiency at crossing be reduced to less than 1/4th.The very crux of traffic congestion that Here it is.For separating this disease, people just start extremely hard and bitter, and powerful magnificent controlling is blocked up and gone on an expedition greatly, and " viaduct " is exactly combat success the most grand during this is gone on an expedition.
Those are simple, complicated, there is no lack of strange things as if spiral, the viaduct system that dances in the air as group dragon really can solve urban traffic blocking at this point? the answer is in the negative.Because any efficient viaduct system is again all only the passage of vehicle, any vehicle finally also must get back to ground, drives towards any one possible target ground, city.Therefore the vehicle crossing it is only turned to another stifled city by a stifled city by overhead system, and turn to another stifled point by a stifled point, traffic remains more and more stifled.Does we are genuine just feel simply helpless in the face of so bad stifled disease? answering also is negative.The wisdom of the mankind and ability are inexhaustible forever, and the difficult and complicated cases in any traffic also will be solved singly.
Outwardly, traffic lights are the reason that causes crossing traffic efficiency to decline and are bound to arouse fear, spitd on and curse by people, are in fact but that traditional plane crossing structure has to rely on traffic lights.Therefore the plane crossing structure of reform traditional, creates a kind of three-dimensional crossing system completely newly, is only us and takes leave of traffic lights, realizes key point current continuously.Serious analysis " cross " people from crossing sends a car past situation, and we are not difficult to find, always there is the strange phenomenon of " people's car is mutual " and " car car is mutual " here.For " people's car is mutual ", we it is envisioned that build a crossing pedestrian overcrossing system, or pedestrian tunnel system is solved.Actual have many crossings to this has been done, and effect is pretty good.And for " car car is mutual ", then seems only to contemplate the viaduct building layer upon layer, stride across these crossings.In fact, we have built too many this overhead system, and effect seems can not be fully up to expectations.The embarrassing fact makes us have to initial point---the crossing of the problem of getting back to, namely the plane crossing relying on traffic lights to be changed over the solid type crossing not needing traffic lights.
Summary of the invention
The present invention solves the technical problem that multilevel traffic crossing needs to set up multilayer viaduct.
The technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of ring three hole or formula crossing, a ring two hole grade separation traffic system, comprise underground and ground double-layer structure; First lane 1 connects the 5th track 16 by middle culvert 2; Second lane 3 connects third lane 6 by right culvert 4; Second lane 3 connects Four-Lane Road 9 by left culvert 8; It is right bend 5 above right culvert 4; It is left bend 7 above left culvert 8; First lane 1, second lane 3, third lane 6, Four-Lane Road 9 and the 5th track 16 coexist ground one deck; Right culvert 4, left culvert 8 and middle culvert 2 coexist B1; The vertical second lane 3 of middle culvert 2; Left bend 7 and right bend 5 form circuit.
Further, can also be that the middle straight runway of North and South direction is two-way gets back to ground through middle culvert 2; The middle straight runway of east-west direction is two-way through left culvert 8 and right culvert 4, and crosses middle culvert 2 and push up and be connected with road surface, two ends; All the other tracks, all road surfaces form circuit and turning roadway.
Further, described first sidewalk, ground 10 and the second parallel second lane in sidewalk, ground 15 3 are arranged on middle culvert 2 overhead surface one deck; First sidewalk, ground 10 the right and left connects the 4th access, sidewalk 14 and access, the first trade 11 respectively; Second sidewalk, ground 15 the right and left connects the 3rd access, sidewalk 13 and the second access, sidewalk 12 respectively; Access, the first trade 11 and the second access, sidewalk 12 are by underground pedestrian walk 19 intercommunication; 3rd access, sidewalk 13 and the 4th access, sidewalk 14 are by underground pedestrian walk 19 intercommunication; The parallel middle culvert 2 of underground pedestrian walk 19.
Further, described first sidewalk, ground 10 is parallel arranges the first bend 17; Second sidewalk, ground 15 is parallel arranges the second bend 18; First bend 17, second bend 18, first sidewalk, ground 15, sidewalk, ground 10, second and second lane 3 are all on ground, middle culvert 2 upper strata.
Further, described left bend 7 and right bend 5 are the two-way bend that turns around, and form four sides and turn around nearby.
Further, without first lane 1 and middle culvert 2 during T-shaped road junction, the track in vertical circuit direction all connects in ground with circuit, and the first sidewalk, ground 10 walks abreast on road surface and circuit; Second access, sidewalk 12 of circuit opposite side, the 3rd access, sidewalk 13 and underground pedestrian walk 19 are merged into " fourth " font underground pedestrian's tunnel system.
The present invention is without lamp control, without overhead, continuous current crossing traffic system, adopts sunk type culvert structure, easy construction, cheap, passes through smooth and easy and does not change street construction and ancillary facility, not affecting civic landscape.Be applicable to newly-built traffic intersection and the original crossing transformation possessing two-way Four-Lane Road; Native system carries walkway system, is passed through through road surface by access in circuit direction, is passed through by sidewalk bottom culvert, access in vertical circuit direction, builds can cut down expenses because of disjunctor.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of crossroad of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is T-shaped road junction of the present invention structural representation;
Fig. 3 is that crossroad of the present invention is without underground passage structural representation;
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of crossroad of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view in T-shaped road junction of the present invention;
In figure: 1 is first lane; 2 is middle culvert; 3 is second lane; 4 is right culvert; 5 is right bend; 6 is third lane; 7 is left bend; 8 is left culvert; 9 is Four-Lane Road; 10 is the first sidewalk, ground; 11 is access, the first trade; 12 is the second access, sidewalk; 13 is the 3rd access, sidewalk; 14 is the 4th access, sidewalk; 15 is the second sidewalk, ground; 16 is the 5th track; 17 is the first bend; 18 is the second bend; 19 is underground pedestrian walk.
Detailed description of the invention
With reference to accompanying drawing 1-3, be described in more detail structural representation of the present invention; The figure Middle East, south, west, north four direction are respectively equipped with eight unidirectional tracks, tunnel.
First lane 1 refer to north 3., north 4., north 5., 6. four tracks, north;
Second lane 3 refers to four tracks in the middle of the ground perpendicular to middle culvert 2;
Third lane 6 refer to east 3., east 4., east 5., 6. four tracks, east;
Four-Lane Road 9 refer to west 3., west 4., west 5., 6. four tracks, west;
5th track 16 be guide 3., south 4., south 5., 6. four tracks, south.
One, direct lane
1. thing direct lane
East is 3., 4. east sink from east to west and to float after right culvert 4, sinks after middle top of conduit ground second lane 3 again, float up to again after left culvert 8 west on ground Four-Lane Road 9 3., west 4.;
West 5., west 6. with east 3., east 4. backward going, via point identical.
2. north and south direct lane
South 5., south 6. sink from south to north to floating up to after middle culvert 2 north on ground first lane 1 5., north 6.;
North 3., north 4. by north orientation go down south heavy float up to after middle culvert 2 south on track 16, ground the 5th 3., south 4..
Two, right-turn lane
1. 8. 1. east orientation east northeast turn north;
2. 1. 1. north orientation northwest turn west;
3. 1. 8. west south west turn south;
4. 8. 8. the south orientation southeast turn east.
Three, left turn lane
1. east turns south: 2. eastern 2. craspedodrome goes to south to left bend 7 lane change at left culvert 8 top;
2. south turns west: keep straight on to west 2. after 7. south go to right bend 5 lane change at right culvert 4 top;
3. west turns north: 7. western 7. craspedodrome goes to north to right bend 5 lane change at right culvert 4 top;
4. north turns east: keep straight on to east 7. after 2. north go to left bend 7 lane change at left culvert 8 top.
Four, turn lane
1. turn around in east: 7. 2. east turn over right bend 5 to the east at right culvert 4 top;
2. turn around in south: 2. 7. south turn over second bend 18 to the south at middle culvert 2 top;
3. turn around in west: 2. 7. west turn over left bend 7 to the west at left culvert 8 top;
4. turn around in north: 7. 2. north turn over first bend 17 to the north at middle culvert 2 top.
Five, sidewalk
After access, sidewalk 12, access, the first trade 11, second, the 3rd access, sidewalk 13 and the 4th access, sidewalk 14 enter and tiltedly enter, find correct outlet according to signpost, four accesss connect first sidewalk, ground 10 and second sidewalk, ground 15 at middle culvert 2 top respectively.
Six, fork in the road
" fourth " word or " Y " word road, culvert 2 in the middle of cancelling, the track in vertical circuit direction all connects in ground with circuit, and circuit side is because of without track, and namely without first lane 1, the first sidewalk, ground 10 walks abreast on road surface and circuit; Second access, sidewalk 12 of circuit opposite side, the 3rd access, sidewalk 13 and underground pedestrian walk 19 are merged into " fourth " font underground pedestrian's tunnel system.
Ponding is removed: 10-20 centimetre is raised before sinking in sinking track, or sets up water proof groove, prevents other section rain from flowing into culvert, arranges small-sized collecting well, and install small-sized (1-2kw) automatic water pump bottom culvert; Or self-built drainage system; Or be connected into existing drainage system.
If all crossings of system-wide section all through transformation, just can produce many fast directs in road and draw track.
So the brand-new intersection of the formula structure that just occurred that one seems simply " ring three hole (or two holes) ", as shown below.
Outwardly, this is simple sunk type two-level junction crossing only, but in fact it is a distortion four layers of intersection system: first floor is through the direct lane of culvert in the middle of circuit, the second layer is through the direct lane of circuit two ends culvert, third and fourth layer is the bend at circuit two ends respectively, together with the sidewalk in four streets, constitute a complete intersection system.By this crossing, whole tasks that people's car is current continuously just successfully can be realized.Such crossing is without the worry of traffic congestion, if be all such crossing, then whole city is also with regard to having considered without traffic congestion.
Since be simple intersection, build to get up also just naturally laborsaving save trouble many.Regenerate for the transformation of old crossing, do not relate to any building in both sides, street and both sides underground installation, only in the middle of road, excavation is built; For newly-built crossing, then slightly increase input especially, just can be crowned with success.
Only have when universal " ring three hole or two holes " the formula intersection in a city, traffic lights could be taken leave of by let us, away from the puzzlement of viaduct, the dream without stifled city could be realized; Just can make the street beautiful scenery that we enjoy blue sky and white cloud in the past and cover all at one glance.

Claims (6)

1. ring three hole or formula crossing, a ring two hole grade separation traffic system, comprise underground and ground double-layer structure; First lane 1 connects the 5th track 16 by middle culvert 2; Second lane 3 connects third lane 6 by right culvert 4; Second lane 3 connects Four-Lane Road 9 by left culvert 8; It is right bend 5 above right culvert 4; It is left bend 7 above left culvert 8; First lane 1, second lane 3, third lane 6, Four-Lane Road 9 and the 5th track 16 coexist ground one deck; Right culvert 4, left culvert 8 and middle culvert 2 coexist B1; The vertical second lane 3 of middle culvert 2; Left bend 7 and right bend 5 form circuit.
2. ring three hole according to claim 1 or a ring two hole formula three-dimensional crossing system, is characterized in that, can also be that the middle straight runway of North and South direction is two-way gets back to ground through middle culvert 2; The middle straight runway of east-west direction is two-way through left culvert 8 and right culvert 4, and crosses middle culvert 2 and push up and be connected with road surface, two ends; All the other tracks, all road surfaces form circuit and turning roadway.
3. ring three hole according to claim 1 and 2 or a ring two hole formula three-dimensional crossing system, it is characterized in that, described first sidewalk, ground 10 and the second parallel second lane in sidewalk, ground 15 3 are arranged on middle culvert 2 overhead surface one deck; First sidewalk, ground 10 the right and left connects the 4th access, sidewalk 14 and access, the first trade 11 respectively; Second sidewalk, ground 15 the right and left connects the 3rd access, sidewalk 13 and the second access, sidewalk 12 respectively; Access, the first trade 11 and the second access, sidewalk 12 are by underground pedestrian walk 19 intercommunication; 3rd access, sidewalk 13 and the 4th access, sidewalk 14 are by underground pedestrian walk 19 intercommunication; The parallel middle culvert 2 of underground pedestrian walk 19.
4. ring three hole according to claim 1 and 2 or a ring two hole formula three-dimensional crossing system, is characterized in that, described first sidewalk, ground 10 is parallel arranges the first bend 17; Second sidewalk, ground 15 is parallel arranges the second bend 18; First bend 17, second bend 18, first sidewalk, ground 15, sidewalk, ground 10, second and second lane 3 are all on ground, middle culvert 2 upper strata.
5. ring three hole according to claim 1 and 2 or a ring two hole formula three-dimensional crossing system, it is characterized in that, described left bend 7 and right bend 5 are the two-way bend that turns around, and form four sides and turn around nearby.
6. ring three hole according to claim 1 and 2 or a ring two hole formula three-dimensional crossing system, it is characterized in that, without first lane 1 and middle culvert 2 during T-shaped road junction, the track in vertical circuit direction all connects in ground with circuit, and the first sidewalk, ground 10 walks abreast on road surface and circuit; Second access, sidewalk 12 of circuit opposite side, the 3rd access, sidewalk 13 and underground pedestrian walk 19 are merged into " fourth " font underground pedestrian's tunnel system.
CN201510008848.3A 2015-01-08 2015-01-08 Three-dimensional traffic system with one-ring-three-hole or one-ring-two-hole type intersection Pending CN104562881A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105970754A (en) * 2015-06-30 2016-09-28 廖敢云 Miniature practical overpass bridge

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CN201620325U (en) * 2009-06-25 2010-11-03 福州耕耘专利开发有限公司 Cross road unblocked type road construction and traffic route thereof
CN102345260A (en) * 2011-06-23 2012-02-08 福州耕耘专利开发有限公司 Smooth type cross road in cities
CN202247571U (en) * 2011-09-06 2012-05-30 厦门市滨北小学 Three-span staggered overpass at crossroads
CN202925408U (en) * 2012-05-18 2013-05-08 赵鹏 Crossroad combined type transportation junction for barrier-free passing of pedestrians and vehicles
CN103215868A (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-07-24 李树清 Crossroad overpass
WO2014071540A1 (en) * 2012-11-12 2014-05-15 Fok Su Tim Crossroads structure to facilitate re-modelling of established crossroads
CN203782508U (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-08-20 哈尔滨工程大学 Precast type road intersection structure system
CN104195909A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-12-10 陈一鸣 Non-elevated tiny urban cross overpass
CN204455747U (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-07-08 刘志壮 A kind of ring three hole or a ring two hole formula three-dimensional crossing system

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101560745A (en) * 2009-05-25 2009-10-21 福州耕耘专利开发有限公司 Crossway free-flowing type road structure and traffic route thereof
CN201620325U (en) * 2009-06-25 2010-11-03 福州耕耘专利开发有限公司 Cross road unblocked type road construction and traffic route thereof
CN102345260A (en) * 2011-06-23 2012-02-08 福州耕耘专利开发有限公司 Smooth type cross road in cities
CN202247571U (en) * 2011-09-06 2012-05-30 厦门市滨北小学 Three-span staggered overpass at crossroads
CN202925408U (en) * 2012-05-18 2013-05-08 赵鹏 Crossroad combined type transportation junction for barrier-free passing of pedestrians and vehicles
WO2014071540A1 (en) * 2012-11-12 2014-05-15 Fok Su Tim Crossroads structure to facilitate re-modelling of established crossroads
CN103215868A (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-07-24 李树清 Crossroad overpass
CN203782508U (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-08-20 哈尔滨工程大学 Precast type road intersection structure system
CN104195909A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-12-10 陈一鸣 Non-elevated tiny urban cross overpass
CN204455747U (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-07-08 刘志壮 A kind of ring three hole or a ring two hole formula three-dimensional crossing system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105970754A (en) * 2015-06-30 2016-09-28 廖敢云 Miniature practical overpass bridge

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Application publication date: 20150429