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Spring clip mounting structure and a car fender

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Publication number
CN104554479A
CN104554479A CN 201410571718 CN201410571718A CN104554479A CN 104554479 A CN104554479 A CN 104554479A CN 201410571718 CN201410571718 CN 201410571718 CN 201410571718 A CN201410571718 A CN 201410571718A CN 104554479 A CN104554479 A CN 104554479A
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portion
spring
base
clip
panel
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CN 201410571718
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104554479B (en )
Inventor
岸田卓也
小野彻
中岛晃
加藤裕幸
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本田技研工业株式会社
纽弗雷公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D25/00Superstructure or monocoque structure sub-units; Parts or details thereof not otherwise provided for
    • B62D25/08Front or rear portions
    • B62D25/16Mud-guards or wings; Wheel cover panels
    • B62D25/163Mounting devices

Abstract

The present invention provides a spring clip, panel mounting workability good and stable and can indeed exert clamping force. Spring clip (1) the second panel (12) to be capable of detachably holding the first panel (11), having: a U-shaped clip body (2); mounted on the clip body and clamped imparting force of the spring member (3); and the clip body and the spring member is secured to the first panel of the fastening member (4), the clip body comprises: a holding within the base portion of the second panel (21) from the inside of the body; holding the second panel of the outer base portion (22) from the outside of the vehicle body; and a connecting portion (23), the spring member comprising: a base portion of the inner spring engages the base portion (31); and the outer portion of the base card bonding the outer spring base portion (32); and a spring coupling portion (33), having an inner portion for connecting the base portions interspersed spring insertion hole (23a), and by tightening the spring member and the inner portion and the base within the base portion is fixed to the first panel.

Description

弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造 Fender mounting structure of an automobile and the spring clip

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造,尤其涉及在夹子主体上安装有弹簧部件的弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造。 [0001] fender panel mounting structure of an automobile and the spring clip relates to the present invention, in particular, relates to a mounting structure is attached to the clip body and the spring member of the spring clip of the automobile fender.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 以往,已知一种车身构造,其从车辆设计性等观点出发,设有从前翼子板的上缘部延伸至前柱的突出部,且通过该突出部来覆盖前柱的下端部。 [0002] Conventionally, there is known a vehicle body structure, which from the viewpoint of the design of the vehicle and the like, is provided with an upper edge portion projecting from the front portion of the fender extends to the front pillar, the lower end of the front pillar and is covered by the projecting portion unit.

[0003] 在采用这种车身构造的情况下,需要使用树脂制夹子来将前挡泥板的突出部固定在车身上(例如,专利文献I)。 [0003] In the case where such a vehicle body structure, it is necessary to use a resin clip of the protruding portion of the front fender fixed to the body (e.g., Patent Document I).

[0004] 专利文献I所述的树脂制的夹子呈具有开口部的口字状截面,并将翼子板插入至2字状截面的内侧,由此,能够产生夹持力而保持翼子板。 [0004] Patent Document resin clip according to the form of I-shaped cross section opening having an opening portion, and is inserted to the inside of the fender 2 shaped cross section, whereby the clamping force can be generated while holding the fender .

[0005] 使用该树脂制夹子的专利文献I所述的翼子板安装构造,能够将树脂制夹子通过铆钉预先固定在车身(外侧面板)上,并将翼子板的凸缘部插入至树脂制夹子,从而一边通过基于树脂制夹子产生的夹持力保持凸缘部,一边进行翼子板的对位,由此能够提高安装作业性。 Fender panel mounting structure [0005] Using the resin of the clip in Patent Document I, it is possible to advance the resin clip by rivets fixed to the body (outer panel), the flange portion and the fender panel is inserted into the resin clip, a flange portion by holding one side so that the clamping force of the clip is generated based on the resin, while for the alignment of the fender, whereby the mounting workability can be improved.

[0006] 在先技术文献 [0006] CITATION LIST

[0007] 专利文献1:国际公开第2013/108494号(参照图2) [0007] Patent Document 1: International Publication No. 27 (see FIG. 2) 2013/108494

[0008] 然而,通常,对于树脂制的夹子,即使在安装时具有夹持力,但若经长年时间变化及因维护或修理而反复拆装面板,则夹持力有可能会降低,由此,例如根据车辆设计,而具有希望使从翼子板的上缘部延伸的突出部变得更尖锐并更长来增大夹持力的课题。 [0008] However, in general, for the clip made of resin, even with clamping force when installed, but if over long time for maintenance or repair and repeated disassembly panel, the clamping force may lower by here, for example according to the vehicle design, and desired to have a projecting portion extending from the upper portion of the fender edge becomes sharper and more subject to increase the clamping force.

[0009] 另外,对于树脂制的夹子,若使夹持力增大则会大型化,由此,具有难以适用于所谓三角窗部分的狭小部位的问题。 [0009] Further, for the clip made of resin, when the size of the clamping force will increase, thus, it has a problem difficult to apply the so-called triangular window portion of the narrow portion.

[0010] 另外,对于树脂制的夹子,若在受到翼子板的安装反作用力的状态下从喷涂、烤漆工序通过,则具有因升温会导致树脂制的夹子软化,从而-字形状打开而使夹持力降低的情况,由此,具有检查及修正作业工时增大的问题。 [0010] Further, the resin clip, when installed in a state subjected to a reaction force from the fender spraying, paint by a step, it has softened due to heating can cause the clip made of resin, so that - the shape open where the clamping force is reduced, whereby the inspection and correction operation has a problem of increasing man-hours.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 本发明是鉴于这样的背景而做出的,以提供一种弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造为课题,面板的安装作业性良好,并能够发挥确实的夹持力而可靠性高,且即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0011] The present invention is made in view of such a background, and to provide a mounting structure and a spring clip automobile fender of the subject, the panel mounting operation of the well, and indeed can exhibit reliable holding force high, and even if repeated disassembly can be maintained stable holding force.

[0012] 为了解决上述课题,技术方案I的发明提供一种弹簧夹,其固定于组装在车身上的第I面板上,且相对于该第I面板而以能够使第2面板拆装的方式保持第2面板,其特征在于,具有:夹子主体,其形成为具有开口部的-字状截面且夹持所述第2面板而将其保持,其中,所述第2面板从一端侧插入所述开口部;弹簧部件,其形成为与该夹子主体相匹配的-字状截面且安装在所述夹子主体上而付与夹持力;和紧固部件,其将所述夹子主体与所述弹簧部件紧固在所述第I面板上,所述夹子主体具有:从所述车身内侧保持所述第2面板的内基座部;从所述车身外侧保持所述第2面板的外基座部;和配设在相对于所述开口部的另一端侧且连结所述内基座部与所述外基座部的连结部,所述弹簧部件具有:与所述内基座部卡合的弹簧内基座部;与所述外基座部卡合的弹簧外基座 [0012] In order to solve the above problems, I aspect of the present invention to provide a spring clip which is fixed to the vehicle body is assembled on the first panel I, and I with respect to the first panel and the second panel so as to be detachable manner holding the second panel, comprising: a clip main body which is formed an opening portion having a - shaped cross-section and the holding of the second panel and to hold it, wherein said second panel is inserted from one end side said opening portion; a spring member, which is formed to match the clip body - shaped cross section and mounted on the clamp body and the clamping force imparted; and a fastening member, which said body and said spring clip a first member fastened to the panel I, the clip body includes: a vehicle body from the inner side of the holding base portion of the second inner panel; from outside the vehicle body holds the outer portion of the second base panel ; and disposed with respect to the connecting portion of the other end portion side and the opening connecting the inner portion and the outer base of the base portion, the spring member includes: a base portion with the inner engaging the spring base portion; and the outer base portion of the spring engaging an outer base 部;连结所述弹簧内基座部与所述弹簧外基座部的弹簧连结部,所述连结部具有供所述弹簧内基座部穿插的穿插孔,在将穿插在该穿插孔内的所述弹簧内基座部从车身外侧与所述内基座部卡合、且将所述弹簧外基座部从车身外侧与所述外基座部卡合的状态下,所述紧固部件将该弹簧内基座部与该内基座部紧固在所述第I面板上。 Portion; inner spring coupling portion connecting the base portion and the spring portion of the outer base of the spring, the connecting portion having an internal spring for said base portion of the insertion hole is inserted in the insertion hole inserted in the the internal spring within the base portion of the vehicle body from the outside of the base portion engages the inner and outer base portion of the spring from the outside of the vehicle body in a state with the outer base engaging portion, said tight the inner spring member fixed to the base portion in the base portion fastened to the first I panel.

[0013] 本发明的弹簧夹具有安装在上述夹子主体上而付与夹持力的弹簧部件,由此,能够使夹子主体为摩擦阻力小的树脂制,并使弹簧部件为刚性高的金属制,由此,能够通过夹子主体以减轻第2面板的插入阻力的方式进行夹持,同时能够通过弹簧部件而对夹子主体付与稳定且确实的夹持力。 [0013] The spring clip according to the present invention having a clip attached to the main body member and the clamping force of the spring to pay, thus, enables the clip body is made of resin having a small frictional resistance, and the spring member is made of metal having high rigidity, thus, by way of the clip body to reduce resistance to insertion of the second panel is clamped, while being able to stably and reliably be paid and the clamping force of the clip body by a spring member.

[0014] 由此,能够使第2面板一边在被基于弹簧部件产生的夹持力保持的状态下顺畅地进行对位,一边安装在第I面板上,从而能够提高面板的安装作业性,并且,即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0014] Accordingly, it is possible for the second side panel smoothly alignment state is maintained in the holding force generated based on the spring member, attached to the second side panel I, thereby improving the mounting workability of the panel, and even repeated disassembly can be maintained stable holding force.

[0015] 另外,弹簧夹能够通过弹簧部件确实地承担在保持第2面板时从第2面板受到的反作用力,由此,即使从喷涂、烤漆工序通过,也能够防止基于升温而导致的弹簧夹的变形,从而抑制夹持力的降低。 [0015] Further, the spring clip can be held to bear the reaction force when the second panel from the second panel by reliably by a spring member, whereby, even with the spraying, baking step, it is possible to prevent the temperature rise based on a result of the spring clip deformed, thereby suppressing the decrease of the clamping force.

[0016] 另外,本发明的弹簧夹在上述夹子主体部的连结部上具有穿插孔,由此,能够使弹簧内基座部从穿插孔穿插而使内基座部与弹簧内基座部卡合,由此能够防止弹簧部件相对于夹子主体的错位,同时能够使夹子主体与弹簧部件顺畅且确实地卡合。 [0016] Further, the present invention has a spring clip insertion holes at the connecting portion of the clip main body portion, whereby the spring can be made within the base portion is inserted from the through-hole in the base portion and the spring base engaging portion, whereby the spring member can be prevented from displacement relative to the clip body, while enabling the spring body and the clip member engages smoothly and reliably.

[0017] 由此,易于进行夹子主体与弹簧部件的组装作业,且防止夹子主体与弹簧部件之间的错位,由此,能够通过紧固部件将夹子主体与弹簧部件牢固地固定在第I面板上,从而发挥稳定的夹持力而保持第2面板。 [0017] Accordingly, the assembling work easy clip body the spring member, and to prevent misalignment between the clip body and the spring member, whereby the spring clip body can be firmly fixed to the first member I by the panel fastening member , thereby stabilizing the clamping force holding the second panel.

[0018] 这样,本发明的弹簧夹的面板安装作业性良好,能够发挥确实的夹持力而可靠性高,且即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0018] Thus, the panel mounting operation of the spring clip of the present invention is excellent, indeed can exhibit high reliability of the clamping force, and even if repeated disassembly can be maintained stable holding force.

[0019] 技术方案2的发明的特征在于,在技术方案I所述的弹簧夹中,所述内基座部具有使所述第2面板抵接而将其保持的线状凸部,所述线状凸部沿着所述第2面板插入的方向而在所述内基座部的两侧形成一对,所述弹簧基座部以夹在两侧的所述线状凸部之间的方式被引导而与所述内基座部卡合。 [0019] The invention of claim 2 is characterized in that said spring clip I aspect, the inner portion having a base panel, the second abutting portion which holds the linear projections of the linear convex portion is formed inside a pair of both sides of the base portion along the direction of insertion of the second panel, said spring base portion to the both sides of the linear convex portion sandwiched between and is guided in the base portion of the engagement.

[0020] 技术方案2的弹簧夹具有使上述第2面板与上述内基座部抵接而将其保持的线状凸部,由此,与第2面板抵接的抵接部在穿插方向上成为线接触,从而能够减轻摩擦阻力同时使夹持压力增大。 [0020] Technical Solution 2 having a spring clip so that the second inner panel and the base portion abuts the linear convex portion that holds, whereby the contact portion comes into contact with the second panel is inserted in the direction line contact, so that frictional resistance can be reduced while the clamping pressure is increased. 由此,能够减轻将第2面板插入至夹子主体而对位时的移动阻力,同时确实地付与夹持力而提高面板的安装作业性。 This can reduce the second panel is inserted into the main body of the clip for the mobile bit resistance, while reliably impart a clamping force to improve mounting workability of the panel.

[0021] 另外,通过在内基座部的两侧具有线状凸部,能够以夹着弹簧内基座部的方式将其引导而使弹簧内基座部与内基座部卡合,由此能够抑制与穿插方向正交的方向上的错位而使内基座部与弹簧内基座部确实地卡合。 [0021] Further, by the inner sides of the base portion having a linear projection portion, it is possible as to sandwich the inner base portion of the spring which is guided in the spring base portion and the inner portion engages the base by this can suppress the displacement in the direction perpendicular to the inserted direction of the base portion and the inner spring base portion securely engaged.

[0022] 技术方案3的发明的特征在于,在技术方案I或2所述的弹簧夹中,所述弹簧部件具有折曲部,其沿着所述弹簧内基座部从所述穿插孔穿插的方向延伸设置在所述弹簧外基座部的侧面部上,且从所述侧面部向所述弹簧内基座部侧折曲,在所述折曲部上卡合有所述外基座部的侧面部。 The features of the invention [0022] The third aspect is that the spring clip or the technical solution of I 2, the spring member having a bent portion, along which the base portion of the spring from the insertion hole interspersed extending direction of the side surface portion is provided on the base portion of the outer spring, and the spring into the base side bent portion, the bent portion in engagement with said outer side surface portion from the base side of the seat portion.

[0023] 技术方案3的弹簧夹通过使上述外基座部的侧面部与沿着上述穿插方向延伸设置在侧面部上的上述折曲部卡合,而能够防止弹簧部件相对于夹子主体的错位,同时使其顺畅且确实地卡合。 [0023] 3 aspect spring clip by bringing the outer side surface portion of the base portion and extending along the inserted portion is provided above the bent portion is engaged with the side surface, and the spring member can be prevented from displacement relative to the clip body while it engages smoothly and reliably.

[0024] 由此,易于进行夹子主体与弹簧部件的组装作业,且防止夹子主体与弹簧部件的错位,由此,能够通过紧固部件将夹子主体与弹簧部件牢固地固定在第I面板上,从而发挥稳定的夹持力而保持第2面板。 [0024] Accordingly, the assembling work easy clip body the spring member, and to prevent displacement of the clip body and the spring member, whereby the clip body can be fixedly spring member fixed to the first panel by fastening means I, thereby stabilizing the clamping force holding the second panel.

[0025] 技术方案4的发明的特征在于,在技术方案I〜3中任一项所述的弹簧夹中,在所述外基座部的车身外侧具有卡定部,在将所述弹簧外基座部从车身外侧与所述外基座部卡合的状态下,该卡定部将该弹簧外基座部的穿插方向前端部卡定。 [0025] The invention of claim 4 wherein said spring clip according to any one of the I~3 aspect, the outer side of the outer body portion having a base portion engaging in the outer spring a state outside the vehicle body from the base portion and the outer portion engages the base of the inserted locking direction of the spring portion the outer portion of the base portion of the distal locking.

[0026] 技术方案4的弹簧夹在上述外基座部的车身外侧具有将弹簧外基座部的穿插方向前端部卡定的卡定部,由此,能够防止弹簧外基座部相对于夹子主体的外基座部的错位,同时使其顺畅且确实地卡合。 [0026] aspect of the spring clip 4 is inserted direction of the spring having an outer distal end portion of the base portion of the locking portion engaging the outer side of the outer base portion of the vehicle body, thereby, possible to prevent the spring clip relative to the outer portion of the base displacement of the outer portion of the base body, while it is smoothly and securely engaged.

[0027] 由此,易于进行夹子主体与弹簧部件的组装作业,且使弹簧部件确实地卡合在夹子主体上,由此,不会无意间地脱落而能够发挥更稳定的夹持力。 [0027] Accordingly, the assembling work easy clip body the spring member and the spring member securely engaged with the clip body, whereby not inadvertently fall between the more stable it is possible to exert a clamping force.

[0028] 技术方案5的发明提供一种汽车的翼子板的安装构造,其使用了技术方案I〜4所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于,所述第I面板是侧面板,所述第2面板是翼子板,在所述翼子板的上缘具有将前柱的下端部覆盖的突出部,所述翼子板具有从所述突出部向下方延伸的凸缘,所述侧面板具有由所述紧固部件固定在与所述凸缘对应的位置上的所述弹簧夹,所述凸缘插入至所述弹簧夹的开口部中而通过基于该弹簧夹而实现的夹持力而被保持。 [0028] The invention of claim 5 provides a vehicle fender panel mounting structure, using a spring clip according I~4 aspect, wherein said first panel is a side panel I, a second 2 is a fender panel, the projection having a lower end portion of the front pillar in an upper edge of said cover fender panel, the fender having a flange portion extending downward from said projection, said side panels having a clamping force of the fastening member through the spring clip is fixed at a position corresponding to the flange on the flange portion of the spring clip is inserted into the opening of the spring clip is achieved based on the It is held.

[0029] 技术方案5的发明使用上述弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上,由此,即使采用从前翼子板的上缘部延伸的突出部更尖锐更长的那样的车辆设计,也能够使夹持力增大而确实地保持。 [0029] The invention of claim 5 is used and the above-described spring clip is mounted on the side of the fender panel, thereby, even if the front upper edge portion of the protruding portion of the fender extending above the vehicle sharper longer design, it is possible to increase the clamping force is reliably maintained.

[0030] 由此,本发明的弹簧夹也能够优选适用于所谓的三角窗部分等的狭小而手难以伸入、作业性差的部位。 [0030] Accordingly, the spring clip of the present invention can also be preferably applied to narrow and it is not easily extend into a portion of poor workability so-called triangular window portion and the like.

[0031] 发明效果 [0031] Effect of the Invention

[0032] 本发明的弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造,其面板的安装作业性良好,能够发挥确实的夹持力而可靠性高,即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0032] The spring clip of the present invention and vehicle fender panel mounting structure, the mounting workability is good panel, indeed can exhibit a high holding force and reliability, even after repeated disassembly can be maintained stable holding force .

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0033] 图1是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上的情况的正视图,是从左侧方观察车身的图。 [0033] FIG. 1 is a diagram of the embodiment of the present invention, the spring clip being mounted on the front fender of FIG case side panel, the vehicle body is observed from the left side in FIG.

[0034] 图2是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上之后状态的正视图。 [0034] FIG. 2 shows the use of a spring clip embodiment of the present invention being mounted on the front fender side panel state after FIG.

[0035] 图3是表示本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹的构成与组装方法的立体图,图3 (a)表示将铆钉衬套安装在夹子主体上的工序,图3(b)表示弹簧部件的安装,图3(c)表示铆钉的安装,图3(d)表示将铆钉安装而固定在车身上之前的状态。 [0035] FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a spring clip and a method of assembling the embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 3 (a) showing the step of mounting a bush on the clip rivet body, FIG. 3 (b) represents a spring member installation, FIG. 3 (c) represents the rivet mounting, FIG. 3 (d) shows a rivet is fixed prior to installation of the vehicle body.

[0036] 图4表示本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹的夹子主体,图4(a)是俯视图,图4(b)是左侧视图,图4(c)是正视图,图4(d)是右侧视图,图4(e)是仰视图。 [0036] FIG. 4 shows the clip body a spring clip according to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 4 (a) is a plan view, FIG. 4 (b) is a left side view, FIG. 4 (c) is a front view, FIG. 4 (d) is a right side view, FIG. 4 (e) is a bottom view.

[0037] 图5表示本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹的弹簧部件,图5(a)是俯视图,图5(b)是左侧视图,图5(c)是正视图,图5(d)是右侧视图,图5(e)是仰视图。 [0037] FIG. 5 shows a spring clip according to an embodiment of the present invention, a spring member, FIG. 5 (a) is a plan view, FIG. 5 (b) is a left side view, FIG. 5 (c) is a front view, FIG. 5 (d) is a right side view, FIG. 5 (e) is a bottom view.

[0038] 图6是表示本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹的图,图6(a)是夹子主体的立体图,图6(b)是弹簧部件的立体图,图6(c)是表示使弹簧部件与夹持件主体卡合后的状态的立体图。 [0038] FIG. 6 is a view of the spring clip of FIG embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 6 (a) is a perspective view of the clip body, FIG. 6 (b) is a perspective view of a spring member, FIG. 6 (c) shows a spring member perspective view of a state where the holder body is engaged.

[0039] 图7是表示用于说明安装铆钉的情况的半剖视的立体图,该铆钉用于固定本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹。 [0039] FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a half cross-sectional view of the case described for the mounting rivets, the rivet for fixing the spring clip of the embodiment of the present invention.

[0040] 图8是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上的工序的示意剖视图,图8(a)是将铆钉衬套安装在夹子主体上的工序,图8(b)和图8(c)是弹簧部件的安装工序,图8(d)是铆钉的安装工序。 [0040] FIG. 8 shows an embodiment using the spring clip of the present invention and the fender panel is mounted a schematic sectional view showing a step of the side panel, FIG. 8 (a) step of the rivet bushing is mounted on the clip body, FIG 8 (b) and 8 (c) is a spring member mounting process, FIG. 8 (d) is a rivet mounting process.

[0041] 图9是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上的工序的示意剖视图,图9(e)是将安装有铆钉的弹簧夹安装在侧面板上的工序,图9(f)是铆接铆钉的工序,图9(g)是将铆钉的铆钉销截断而将翼子板安装在弹簧夹上的工序。 [0041] FIG. 9 is a diagram of the embodiment of the present invention, the spring clip being mounted on the fender of a schematic cross-sectional view showing the step of the side panel, FIG. 9 (e) is a spring clip mounted with rivets mounted on the side panel a step of FIG. 9 (f) is a step of caulking a rivet, FIG. 9 (g) is a rivet and the rivet pin truncation step of the fender is mounted on a spring clip.

[0042] 图10是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上的状态的图,图10(a)是图2的X —X线剖视图,图10(b)是图2的Y —Y线剖视图。 [0042] FIG. 10 shows an embodiment using a spring clip of the present invention and the fender mounting state in FIG side panel, FIG. 10 (a) X -X line in FIG. 2 is a sectional view, FIG. 10 (b ) is the line Y -Y of FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view.

[0043] 附图标记说明 [0043] REFERENCE NUMERALS

[0044] I 弹簧夹 [0044] I the spring clip

[0045] 2 夹子主体 [0045] The clip body 2

[0046] 3 弹簧部件 [0046] The spring member 3

[0047] 4 铆钉 [0047] 4 rivet

[0048] 10安装构造 [0048] The mounting structure 10

[0049] 11侧面板 [0049] The side panels 11

[0050] Ila三角窗部 [0050] Ila triangular window

[0051] Ilb 前柱 [0051] Ilb front pillar

[0052] Ilc夹子固定孔 [0052] Ilc clip fixing hole

[0053] 12翼子板 [0053] 12 of the fender

[0054] 12a突出部 [0054] 12a projecting portions

[0055] 12b 凸缘 [0055] 12b of the flange

[0056] 20 开口部 [0056] 20 opening

[0057] 21内基座部 [0057] 21 of the base portion

[0058] 21a衬套安装孔 [0058] 21a bush mounting holes

[0059] 21b线状凸部 [0059] 21b linear convex portion

[0060] 22外基座部 [0060] The outer base portion 22

[0061] 23连结部 [0061] The coupling portion 23

[0062] 24卡定部 [0062] 24 locking portion

[0063] 31弹簧内基座部 [0063] the spring base portion 31

[0064] 32弹簧外基座部 [0064] The outer base portion 32 of the spring

[0065] 33弹簧连结部 [0065] The coupling portion 33 of the spring

[0066] 34穿插方向前端部 [0066] The distal end portion 34 is inserted direction

[0067] 35折曲部 [0067] The bent portion 35

[0068] 40铆钉衬套 [0068] 40 rivet bushing

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0069] 适当地参照图1至图10,来具体说明基于本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹I构成的翼子板12的安装构造10。 [0069] suitably 1 to 10, will be specifically described fender panel mounting structure according to embodiment of the present invention, the spring clip is composed of 12 to 10 I reference.

[0070] 参照的图1与图2表示翼子板12及侧面板11的一部分,即表示前柱Ilb的根部的所谓三角窗部Ila的周围。 [0070] and the surrounding portion 12 and the side plate 11 of FIG. 2 shows a fender panel, i.e., a so-called triangular window represents the root of the front pillar portion Ila Ilb with reference to the FIG. 侧面板11处于组装在车身(车辆)上的状态。 Side panel 11 is assembled to the vehicle body (vehicle) state. 虽然在三角窗部Ila上形成有凹部且安装有着色的玻璃,但为了便于说明,拆除了安装在三角窗部Ila上的玻璃而使弹簧夹I能够被观察到。 Although a recess is formed on the quarter window glass and the mounting portion Ila colored, but for convenience of explanation, the removal of the window glass mounted on the cam portion of the spring clip I Ila can be observed.

[0071] 如图1与图2适当地所示,翼子板的安装构造10是如下的车身构造,其使用弹簧夹I将作为第2面板的翼子板12安装在作为第I面板的侧面板11上,该侧面板11组装在车身(未图示)上(参照图2)。 [0071] Suitably shown in FIG. 1 and 2, the mounting structure 10 of the fender body is constructed as follows, using a spring clip mounted to I the fender panels 12 of the second side panel as the I the panel 11, the side plate 11 is assembled on the vehicle body (not shown) (see FIG. 2).

[0072] 弹簧夹I形成为具有开口部20的口字状截面(参照图7),在通过作为紧固部件的铆钉4而固定在侧面板11上的状态下使用(参照图10),且能够发挥夹持力而保持翼子板12。 [0072] The spring clip is formed to have a I-shaped opening section of the opening portion 20 (see FIG. 7), use (see FIG. 10) in the state fixed to the side plate 11 by a rivet as a fastening member 4, and It can play a clamping force holding the fender 12.

[0073] 另外,在本实施方式中,虽然作为紧固部件而使用了铆钉4,但并不限定于此,也可以使用螺栓或螺丝等。 [0073] Further, in the present embodiment, although the rivet is used as the fastening means 4 is not limited thereto, may be used a bolt or screw.

[0074] 侧面板11具有配设在前方上缘部的三角窗部11a、和一边从三角窗部Ila朝向后方倾斜一边向上方延伸的前柱lib。 [0074] The side panel 11 has a triangular window portion of the front edge portion 11a, and the rearward side from the inclined side of the triangular window portion Ila front pillar extending upwardly disposed lib.

[0075] 在三角窗部Ila上,且在与翼子板12的凸缘12b对应的位置上通过铆钉4而固定弹簧夹I (参照图7)。 [0075] In the triangular window portion Ila, and the spring clip and I (see FIG. 7) in the 4 position by a rivet flange 12 of the fender panel 12b corresponding to the.

[0076] 翼子板12具有一边从前部的上缘朝向后方倾斜一边向上方延伸的突出部12a、和从突出部12a向下方延伸的凸缘12b。 [0076] The fender 12 has an upper edge portion of the front side is inclined toward the rear side of the protruding portion extending upward 12a, and 12b protruding from the flange portion 12a extending downward.

[0077] 翼子板12通过在将凸缘12b插入至弹簧夹I中的状态下弹簧夹I所发挥的夹持力被支承,且突出部12a以覆盖前柱Ilb的下端部的方式嵌入至侧面板11而被紧固。 [0077] The fender 12 by the spring clip played I clamping force is supported at the flange 12b is inserted into the spring holder in a state I, and the protruding portion 12a so as to cover the lower end portion is fitted to the front pillar Ilb side panel 11 is fastened.

[0078]【弹簧夹】 [0078] [spring clip]

[0079] 如图3所示,弹簧夹I具有:夹持翼子板12 (参照图1)而将其保持的夹子主体2 ;安装在夹子主体2上的铆钉衬套(rivet sleeve) 40 (参照图3 (a));形成为与夹子主体2匹配的〕字状截面且安装在夹子主体2上而付与夹持力的弹簧部件3 (参照图3 (b));和紧固在侧面板11 (参照图1)上的铆钉4 (参照图3 (c))。 [0079] As shown in FIG. 3, the spring clip having I: holding the fender 12 (see FIG. 1) holds the clip of the body 2; rivet body mounted on the clip sleeve (rivet sleeve) on 240 ( Referring to FIG. 3 (a)); and 2 is formed to match the sectional shape of the clip body] and mounted on the spring member 2 and pay the clamping force of the clip body 3 (see FIG. 3 (B)); and a fastening side rivet 4 on the panel 11 (see FIG. 1) (see FIG. 3 (c)).

[0080] 如图3(b)所示,弹簧夹I在该状态下使用:将弹簧部件3的弹簧内基座部31从图3(b)所示的方向(以下,称为“穿插方向”。)穿插至形成在夹子主体2上的穿插孔23a内而使夹子主体2与弹簧部件3重合地卡合。 [0080] FIG. 3 (b), the spring clip used in the state I: springs inner member 3 from the direction of the base portion 31 in FIG. 3 (b) shown below (hereinafter, referred to as "interspersed direction . ") inserted into the main body 2 is formed on the clip insertion hole 23a of the clip body 2 and the spring member 3 is engaged to overlap.

[0081]【铆钉】 [0081] [rivets]

[0082] 如图7所示,铆钉4具有:在头部形成有凸边状的首部41a的铆钉管41 ;和从铆钉管41的图中下方插入的铆钉销42。 [0082] As shown in FIG. 7, the rivet having a 4: knurled shape formed rivet head portion 41a of the head pipe 41; and a rivet inserted from the lower tube 41 in FIG rivet pin 42. 铆钉管41是主体部为中空的管,在铆钉管41的内部插入有铆钉销42。 Rivet tube body portion 41 is a hollow tube, inside of tube 41 is inserted into the rivet the rivet pin 42. 在铆钉销42的图中的下部,形成有半球状头部42a,在铆钉销42的主体部上形成有在铆接加工时会被截断的直径小的截断部42b。 In the lower portion of the rivet pin 42 in the figures, hemispherical head portion 42a, there are formed small when caulking is truncated diameter portion cut in the body portion 42 of the rivet pin 42b is formed.

[0083] 如图9所示,铆钉4在将铆钉管41穿插至弹簧夹I的铆钉衬套40中的状态下安装在侧面板11上(参照图9(e)),使用铆接工具(未图示)保持铆钉销42的上部(从铆钉管41的首部41a向上方突出的部分)并向上方拉拽,由此,通过铆钉销42的半球状头部42a将铆钉管41压溃而铆接(参照图9(f)),然后,将铆钉销42的上部进一步向上方拉拽,并从截断部42b (图7参照)将铆钉销42截断,从而去除铆钉销42的上部(参照图9 (g))。 Status [0083] As shown, the rivet in the rivet tube 4 is inserted into spring clip 941 I rivet bushing 40 is mounted on the side plate 11 (see FIG. 9 (e)), the use of the caulking tool (not shown) to maintain the upper portion of the rivet pin 42 (from the rivet tube portion 41 projecting upward of the first portion 41a) to pull upward, whereby the rivet pin by a hemispherical head portion 42a of the rivet 42 is crushed and the caulking tube 41 (see FIG. 9 (F)), then the rivet pin upper portion 42 is further pulled upward, and the cutoff portion 42b (see FIG. 7) the rivet pin 42 cut off, thereby removing an upper portion of the rivet pin 42 (see FIG. 9 (g)).

[0084] 通过从截断部42b将铆钉销42截断,而使铆钉销42不会从首部41a突出,因此,能够将翼子板12 (参照图9(g))插入至弹簧夹I中。 [0084] through the cut portion 42b to cut the rivet pin 42, the rivet pin 42 does not, therefore, possible to fender 12 (see FIG. 9 (g)) from the head portion 41a is inserted into a spring clip projecting I below.

[0085]【夹子主体】 [0085] [clip body]

[0086] 夹子主体2由合成树脂形成,如图4与图6 (a)的立体图适当地所示,具有:形成在供翼子板12(参照图1)插入的一端侧上的开口部20 ;从车身内侧(车室内侧、车身的车宽方向内侧)保持翼子板12(图1参照)的内基座部21 ;从车身外侧(车室外侧、车身的车宽方向外侧)保持翼子板12的外基座部22 ;和连结内基座部21与外基座部22的连结部23,通过内基座部21、外基座部22及连结部23而形成为-字状截面。 [0086] The clip body 2 made of synthetic resin, suitably a perspective view of FIG 4 shown in FIG. 6 (a), comprising: supply formed in the fender 12 (see FIG. 1) an opening portion on one end side of the insertion of 20 ; within the base portion holding the fender 12 (see FIG. 1) from the inside of the vehicle body (the vehicle interior side of the vehicle body in the vehicle width direction inner side) 21; from (outside of the vehicle compartment, the vehicle width direction outer side of the vehicle body) remains outside of the vehicle body wing an outer portion 22 of the base 12 of the daughter board; and an inner coupling base portion 21 and the outer connecting portion 23 of the base portion 22 is formed through the inner base portion 21, the outer base portion 22 and the connecting portion 23 - shape section.

[0087] 内基座部21形成为平板状,且具有:形成在内基座部21的中央部(参照图4(e))上的衬套安装孔21a ;和一对线状凸部21b、21b,该线状凸部使翼子板12抵接而将其保持(参照图4(b))。 [0087] The base portion 21 is formed as a flat plate, and has: a base portion formed in the inner central portion (see FIG. 4 (e)) 21 on the bushing mounting hole 21a; and a pair of linear projections 21b , 21b, so that the linear convex portion of the fender 12 to hold it abuts (see FIG. 4 (b)).

[0088] 在衬套安装孔21a中安装铆钉衬套40 (参照图3 (a))。 [0088] Installation of the rivet bush 40 (refer to FIG. 3 (a)) in the mounting hole 21a of the bushing. 在铆钉衬套40中插入铆钉 Rivets are inserted in the rivet bushing 40

4 (参照图3(c))。 4 (see FIG. 3 (c)). 铆钉衬套40以不使负载在铆钉4上的铆接力施加到内基座部21上的方式进行支承,而用于防止内基座部21的压溃。 Rivet caulking sleeve 40 so as not to force the load on the rivet 4 on the way to the base portion 21 is applied to the supports, and for preventing the crushing of the base portion 21.

[0089] 线状凸部21b、21b从供翼子板12插入的开口部20 (参照图4(c))沿着连结部23的方向,在-字状截面内的两侧形成有一对(参照6(a))。 [0089] The linear projections 21b, 21b is inserted from the opening portion for the fender 12 20 (refer to FIG. 4 (c)) along the direction of the connecting portion 23 in - formed on both sides of the cross-sectional shape with a pair ( Referring 6 (a)). 线状凸部21b、21b的距内基座部21的高度与铆钉4的首部41a的高度相比设定得较高,从而在翼子板12与首部41a之间形成有缝隙(参照图10(b))。 Linear projections 21b, 21b of the height from the height of the base portion 21 of the rivet 4 header portion 41a is set to be high compared to a slit is formed (see FIG. 10 between the fender 12 and the head portion 41a (b)).

[0090] 根据上述构成,将线状凸部21b、21b配设在内基座部21的两侧,由此与翼子板12抵接的抵接部在穿插方向上成为线接触,从而能够减轻摩擦阻力同时使夹持压力增大。 [0090] According to the above configuration, the linear projections 21b, 21b are disposed on both sides of the inner portion of the base 21, whereby the contact portion 12 and the fender panel abutting line contact in the inserted direction, thereby reduce the frictional resistance while the clamping pressure is increased. 由此,能够减轻将翼子板12插入至夹子主体2上而调整位置时的移动阻力,同时确实地付与夹持力而提高翼子板12的安装作业性。 Accordingly, the moving resistance can be reduced when the fender 12 is inserted into the clip main body 2 to adjust the position while the clamping force imparted surely improve mounting workability of the fender panel 12.

[0091] 另外,通过线状凸部21b、21b,能够以夹着弹簧内基座部31的方式将其引导而使弹簧内基座部31与内基座部21卡合,由此,能够抑制与穿插方向正交的方向上的错位而使内基座部21与弹簧内基座部31确实地卡合(参照图6(c))。 [0091] Further, the linear projections 21b, 21b, so as to be able to sandwich the base portion 31 of the spring to the spring guide so that the inner portion 31 of the base 21 and the engaging portion within the base, makes it possible to suppressing the misalignment in the direction orthogonal to the direction of the interspersed in the base portion 21 and the inner spring base portion 31 securely engaged (see FIG. 6 (c)).

[0092] 外基座部22形成为平板状,且具有:作业孔22a,其用于将铆钉4(参照图3(c))插入至内基座部21的衬套安装孔21a内而进行铆接;和卡定部24,其将弹簧外基座部32的穿插方向前端部34卡定(图6(a))。 [0092] The outer base portion 22 formed in a plate shape, and having: access holes 22a, for which the rivet 4 (see FIG. 3 (c)) is inserted into the bush mounting hole 21 in the base portion 21a is performed caulking; and the locking portion 24, an outer spring which is inserted the base portion 32 of the tip end direction of the locking portion 34 (FIG. 6 (a)). 卡定部24形成在外基座部22的车身外侧(图的上侧)。 Locking portion 24 formed in the vehicle body outer side (upper side in the drawing) of the outer portion 22 of the base.

[0093] 根据上述构成,在将弹簧外基座部32从车身外侧与外基座部22卡合的状态下,将弹簧外基座部32的穿插方向前端部34卡定,由此,能够抑制穿插方向上的错位而使外基座部22与弹簧外基座部32确实地卡合(参照图6(c))。 [0093] According to the above configuration, in a state where the outer spring portion 32 of the base 22 from the outside of the card body and an outer portion bonded to the base, the base portion of the outer spring 32 is inserted in the direction of the distal locking portion 34, makes it possible to suppressing the displacement direction of the inserted portion of the outer base portion 22 of the base 32 and the outer spring engagement reliably (refer to FIG. 6 (c)).

[0094] 在连结部23上形成有穿插孔23a,该穿插孔23a配设在相对于开口部20的另一端侧上,且供弹簧内基座部31穿插。 [0094] 23 is formed on the connecting portion has an insertion hole 23a, the through-hole 23a disposed on the other end side with respect to the opening 20, and a spring for the inner portion of the base 31 is inserted. 穿插孔23a形成为将弹簧内基座部31引导至内基座部21的上表面的高度。 The insertion hole 23a is formed in the base portion of the spring guide 31 to the upper surface of the base portion 21 of the inner height.

[0095] 根据上述构成,将弹簧内基座部31从穿插孔23a穿插而使内基座部21与弹簧内基座部31卡合,由此,能够防止弹簧部件3相对于夹子主体2的错位,同时能够使夹子主体2与弹簧部件3顺畅且确实地卡合。 [0095] According to the arrangement, the through-hole 23a from the spring base portion 31 is inserted within the base portion 21 and the inner spring 31 engages the base portion, thereby, possible to prevent the spring member 3 with respect to the clip body 2 misalignment, while enabling the spring clamp member 3 and the body 2 smoothly and reliably engaged.

[0096]【弹簧部件】 [0096] [spring element]

[0097] 弹簧部件3由刚性高且能够发挥稳定的弹力的铝合金或不锈钢等金属形成,如图5与图6(b)的立体图适当地所示,具有:与内基座部21卡合的弹簧内基座部31 ;与外基座部22卡合的弹簧外基座部32 ;和连结弹簧内基座部31与弹簧外基座部32的弹簧连结部33,且弹簧部件3形成为与夹子主体2的-字状截面匹配的-字形状截面。 [0097] The spring member 3 is formed of a high rigidity and can exhibit stable elastic force like an aluminum alloy or stainless steel, suitably as shown in perspective in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6 (b), comprising: a base portion 21 engaged within the card in the spring base portion 31; 32 of the spring 22 and the outer portion of the card base portion engaging an outer base; and the inner spring coupling portion connecting the base portion of the spring 31 and the spring 32 of the outer base portion 33, and the spring member 3 is formed 2 with the clip body - shaped cross-section matching - shaped cross section.

[0098] 弹簧内基座部31具有形成在弹簧内基座部31的中央部上的衬套安装孔31a。 Bush mounting hole [0098] the spring base portion 31 has formed on the central portion of the base portion 31 of the spring 31a. 衬套安装孔31a与安装在形成于夹子主体2的衬套安装孔21a上的铆钉衬套40匹配,且在铆钉衬套40中插入有铆钉4(参照图7)。 Bush mounting hole 31a formed on the mounting clip body 21a of the bush mounting hole 40 matching rivet bush, the bush and the rivet 40 is inserted in the rivet 4 (see FIG. 7).

[0099] 弹簧外基座部32具有:作业孔32a,其用于将铆钉4(参照图3(c))插入至内基座部21的衬套安装孔21a内而进行铆接;穿插方向前端部34,其与形成在外基座部22上的卡定部24(图6(a))卡定;和折曲部35、35,其配设在相对于穿插方向的两侧的侧面部上。 [0099] an outer spring having a base portion 32: operation hole 32a, for which the rivet 4 (see FIG. 3 (c)) is inserted into the bush mounting hole 21 in the base portion 21a is caulked; inserted distal direction portion 34 which is formed with the outer base portion 22 of the locking portion 24 (FIG. 6 (a)) locked; and a bent portion 35, 35, which is disposed on the side surface portion with respect to both sides interspersed direction .

[0100] 折曲部35、35以沿着穿插方向的两侧向-字状截面的内侧折曲的方式形成。 [0100] the folded portions 35, 35 inserted along both sides in the direction - of the inner cross-sectional shape is formed bent.

[0101] 根据上述构成,能够在穿插方向上使穿插方向前端部34与卡定部24卡定,并且使外基座部22的侧面部与折曲部35、35卡合,由此,能够抑制穿插方向及与穿插方向正交的方向上的错位,而使外基座部22与弹簧外基座部32确实地卡合(参照图6(c))。 [0101] According to the above configuration, the direction is inserted in the inserted direction of the distal end portion 34 with the locking portion 24 is locked, and the side surface portion and the bent portions 35, 35 engaging the outer portion of the base 22, thereby, it is possible suppressing the displacement direction and the direction orthogonal interspersed with interspersed direction, the outer base portion 22 of the base portion 32 and the outer spring engagement reliably (refer to FIG. 6 (c)).

[0102] 另外,对于穿插方向前端部34的作用,由于其与形成在外基座部22上的卡定部24(图6(a))的作用重复,所以省略具体的说明。 [0102] Further, the distal portion 34 acting direction is inserted, because of its role and the outer base portion is formed on the locking portion 2224 (FIG. 6 (a)) was repeated, the specific explanation is omitted.

[0103] 弹簧连结部33是在夹子主体2与弹簧部件3卡合的状态下与夹子主体2的连结部23卡合的部位。 [0103] spring coupling portion 33 is in the state of the clip main body 2 and the spring member 3 is engaged with the connecting portion 2 of the clip body 23 engaging portion. 根据上述构成,弹簧部件3的口字状截面与夹子主体2的口字状截面匹配,从而使夹子主体2与弹簧部件3确实地卡合。 The square-shaped cross-sectional configuration with the body of the clip, the spring member 3 is a cross-sectional opening shaped to match 2, so that the clip body 2 and the spring member 3 is engaged reliably.

[0104] 另外,弹簧连结部33设定为,使弹簧连结部33侧的高度与供翼子板12插入的开口部20侧的高度相比较高,缝隙随着从弹簧连结部33朝向开口部20而变窄,由此,通过插入翼子板12,能够向夹子主体2付与夹持力。 [0104] Further, a spring coupling portion 33 is set so that the height for the fender panel 33 side of the spring coupling portion 12 is inserted high compared to the height of the opening portion 20 side, the slit 33 toward the opening portion with the coupling portion from the spring 20 is narrowed, whereby, 12, the clamping force can be imparted to the fender by inserting the clip body 2.

[0105] 接着,主要参照图8与图9,说明当使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹I而将翼子板12安装在组装于车身(未图示)上的侧面板11上时的动作。 [0105] Next, mainly with reference to FIGS. 8 and 9, when using the described embodiment of the invention the spring clip 12 and I at the time of mounting operation on the side panel 11 to the vehicle body on the assembly (not shown) of the fender . 另外,在图8与图9中,为了便于说明,将形状简化且省略了线状凸部2 Ib (参照图4(b))。 Further, for convenience of explanation, the shape is simplified and the linear convex portion is omitted 2 Ib (see FIG. 4 (b)) in FIG. 9 in FIG. 8.

[0106] 作业员(未图示)预先组装弹簧夹I。 [0106] operator (not shown) pre-assembled spring clip I. 将铆钉衬套40安装在夹子主体2上(参照图8 (a)),且将弹簧部件3的弹簧内基座部31从连结部23的后方穿插至形成在夹子主体2的连结部23上的穿插孔23a(参照图8(b))内,并使其一边向上方倾斜一边进入(参照图8(c))。 The bushing 40 is mounted in the clip rivet body 2 (refer to FIG. 8 (a)), and the inner spring of the spring member 3 is inserted from the rear of the base portion 31 to the connecting portion 23 is formed on the connecting portion 23 of the clip body 2 the through-hole 23a (see FIG. 8 (b)) inside, and allowed to enter while the side is inclined upward (see FIG. 8 (c)).

[0107] 然后,如图8 (d)所示,一边将弹簧外基座部32的前端侧降低至与夹子主体2的外基座部22重叠的位置,一边将弹簧外基座部32的穿插方向前端部34插入至形成在外基座部22的前端部上的卡定部24,而使弹簧外基座部32与外基座部22重合地卡合。 [0107] Then, as shown in FIG 8 (d), the side spring while the lower the front of the outer base portion 32 to the outer portion 2 of the base 22 overlaps the position of the clip body, while the outer base portion 32 of the spring the direction of the distal end portion inserted into the engaging portion 34 is inserted into the distal end of the outer portion 24 of the base portion 22 is formed, the outer spring 32 of the base portion and the outer portion of the base 22 coincide engaged.

[0108] 此时,弹簧内基座部31与夹子主体2的内基座部21重合而卡合。 [0108] At this time, the spring base portion 31 and the inner overlapped portion 21 of the clip base body 2 and engaged. 然后,使弹簧内基座部31的衬套安装孔31a与铆钉衬套40匹配,从而将铆钉4插入至铆钉衬套40内。 Then, the inner spring base portion 31a of the rivet bush mounting hole 31 of the bush 40 match, so that the rivet 4 is inserted into the sleeve 40 of the rivet.

[0109] 如图9(e)所示,作业员(未图示)在铆钉4插入至铆钉衬套40内的状态下,将铆钉4的铆钉管41插入至形成在侧面板11的三角窗部lla(参照图1)上的夹子固定孔Ilc内。 [0109] FIG. 9 (e), the operator (not shown) is inserted into the rivet sleeve 4 in a state in which the rivet 40, the rivet 41 of the rivet tube 4 is inserted into the triangular window is formed in the side plate 11 Ilc the clip fixing holes (see FIG. 1) portion lla. 该夹子固定孔Ilc配设为,使弹簧夹I固定在与翼子板12的凸缘12b对应的位置上。 The clip fixing hole Ilc set with the position of the spring clip is fixed on the flange 12 of the fender panel 12b corresponding I.

[0110] 如图9(f)所示,作业员(未图示)使用铆接工具(未图示)保持铆钉销42的上部(从铆钉管41的首部41a向上方突出的部分)而向上方拉拽,并通过铆钉销42的半球状头部42a压溃铆钉管41而铆接,从而在使内基座部21与弹簧内基座部31卡合的状态下将内基座部21和弹簧内基座部31固定在侧面板11上。 [0110] FIG. 9 (f), the operator (not shown) using the crimping tool (not shown) to maintain the upper portion 42 of the rivet pin (protruding upward from the first part 41a of the rivet portion of the tube 41) and upwardly is pulled, the rivet pin by a hemispherical head portion 42 of the rivet 42a crush caulking tube 41 so that the inner portion of the base 21 within the base portion and the spring 21 and the inner state of the spring 31 engages the base portion in the base portion 31 is fixed to the side panel 11. 将铆钉销42的上部进一步地向上方拉拽,从截断部42b (参照图7)截断而将铆钉销42的上部去除。 The upper portion of the rivet pin 42 is pulled further upwardly, the cutoff portion 42b (see FIG. 7) and the cut upper portion of the rivet pin 42 is removed. 然后,如图9(g)所示,将翼子板12插入至弹簧夹I而将其安装。 Then, in FIG. 9 (g), the fender 12 is inserted into the spring clamp to be installed and I.

[0111] 参照图10说明使用弹簧夹I而将翼子板12安装在侧面板11上的状态。 I and a spring clip 10 will be described using the fender 12 is mounted on the side plate 11 in a state [0111] Referring to FIG. 图10(a)是图2的X —X线剖视图,图10(b)是Y —Y线剖视图。 FIG. 10 (a) is a line X -X in FIG. 2 is a sectional view, FIG. 10 (b) is a cross-sectional view of the line Y -Y.

[0112] 如图10所示,在侧面板11的三角窗部Ila上,在与翼子板12的凸缘12b对应的位置上通过铆钉4而固定有弹簧夹I。 [0112] 10, on the side surface of the triangular window portion Ila plate 11, at a position of the flange 12 of the fender panel 12b by rivets 4 corresponding to the spring clip is fixed there I.

[0113] 翼子板12通过在将凸缘12b插入至弹簧夹I的状态下弹簧夹I所发挥的夹持力而被支承。 [0113] The fender 12 by a spring clip clamping force I played at the flange 12b is inserted into spring clip I state is supported. 具体地说,通过形成在弹簧夹I的内基座部21上的线状凸部21b的顶部与外基座部22的内面部来夹持凸缘12b而牢固地保持翼子板12。 Specifically, the top of the linear convex portion is formed on the spring clip 21 in the base portion I and the inner surface 21b of the base portion 22 of the outer flange 12b sandwiched securely holding the fender 12.

[0114] 以上构成的弹簧夹I起到如以下的作用效果。 Spring clips [0114] The above configuration I the following functions and effects.

[0115] S卩,弹簧夹I使夹子主体2为摩擦阻力小的合成树脂制,并使弹簧部件3为刚性高且能够发挥稳定的夹持力的铝合金或不锈钢等金属制,由此,弹簧夹I能够通过夹子主体2减轻翼子板12的插入阻力地进行夹持,同时通过弹簧部件3而对夹子主体2付与稳定且确实的夹持力。 [0115] S Jie, I the spring clip is the clip body 2 made of synthetic resin of low frictional resistance, and high rigidity of the spring member 3 and the like can exhibit stable holding force made of aluminum alloy or stainless steel, whereby, I can be reduced by a clip spring holder main body 2 of the fender sandwiching the insertion resistance of 12, while the two stable and reliably imparted to the clamping force of the clip body 3 by a spring member.

[0116] 由此,能够使翼子板12 —边在被基于弹簧部件3产生的夹持力保持的状态下顺畅地对位,一边安装在侧面板11上,因此,面板的安装作业性良好,能够发挥确实的夹持力而可靠性高,即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0116] Accordingly, it is possible to make the fender 12-- smoothly on edge position is kept in a state holding force generated based on the spring member 3, mounted on one side of the side plate 11, and therefore, good mounting workability panel , can play a really gripping force and high reliability can be maintained even after repeated disassembly stable clamping force.

[0117] 以上,虽然对本发明的实施方式进行了说明,但本发明并不限定于上述实施方式,可以适当地变形来实施。 [0117] Hereinabove, the embodiments of the present invention has been described, but the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments may be suitably modified to implement. 例如,在本实施方式中,虽然以通过弹簧夹I将翼子板12安装在侧面板11上的安装构造为例,但弹簧夹I的用途并不限定于此,可以为其他的外面板或内面板,也能够适用于安装在内面板上的装饰件。 For example, in the present embodiment, although the spring clip I fender panel 12 is mounted on the side plate 11 mounting structure as an example, but the use of spring clips I is not limited thereto, and may be other outer panels or in the panel, it can be applied to decorative pieces mounted on the inner panel.

Claims (5)

1.一种弹簧夹,其固定于组装在车身上的第I面板上,且相对于该第I面板而以使第2面板能够拆装的方式保持该第2面板,其特征在于,具有: 夹子主体,其形成为具有开口部的〕字状截面且夹持所述第2面板而将其保持,其中,所述第2面板从一端侧插入所述开口部; 弹簧部件,其形成为与该夹子主体相匹配的3字状截面且安装在所述夹子主体上而付与夹持力;和紧固部件,其将所述夹子主体与所述弹簧部件紧固在所述第I面板上, 所述夹子主体具有:从所述车身内侧保持所述第2面板的内基座部;从所述车身外侧保持所述第2面板的外基座部;和配设在相对于所述开口部的另一端侧且连结所述内基座部与所述外基座部的连结部, 所述弹簧部件具有:与所述内基座部卡合的弹簧内基座部;与所述外基座部卡合的弹簧外基座部;连结所述弹簧内基座部与所述弹簧 A spring clip, fixed to the first assembly to the vehicle body panel I, and I with respect to the first panel to the second panel and capable of detachably holding the second panel comprising: the clip body, which is formed as an opening having a cross-sectional shape] and portions of the second panel and holding it remains, wherein said second panel is inserted into the opening portion from one end; a spring member, which is formed with the the clip body 3 shaped to match the cross-section and is mounted on the clip body and impart a clamping force; and a fastening member, which said clip body and said spring member fastened to the first panel I, the clip body includes: a vehicle body from the inside of the holder in the base portion of the second panel; from outside the vehicle body holds the base portion of the second outer panel; and disposed relative to the opening portion and the other end connected to said inner coupling portion of the base portion and the outer portion of the base, the spring member includes: a spring base portion and the base portion of the inner engaging; and said outer base an outer base portion of the spring engages the seat portion; spring base connecting the inner portion of the spring 外基座部的弹簧连结部, 所述连结部具有供所述弹簧内基座部穿插的穿插孔, 在将穿插在该穿插孔内的所述弹簧内基座部从车身外侧与所述内基座部卡合、且将所述弹簧外基座部从车身外侧与所述外基座部卡合的状态下,所述紧固部件将该弹簧内基座部与该内基座部紧固在所述第I面板上。 An outer spring coupling portion of the base portion, the connecting portion having a spring for the inner portion is inserted in the insertion hole of the base, the base portion is inserted inside the spring inserted in the hole from the outside of the vehicle body said base portion engages the inner and outer base portion of the spring from the outside of the vehicle body in a state with the outer base engaging portion, said fastening member spring base portion of the inner base and the inner fastened on the first panel I.
2.根据权利要求1所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于,所述内基座部具有使所述第2面板抵接而将其保持的线状凸部, 所述线状凸部沿着所述第2面板插入的方向而在所述内基座部的两侧形成一对, 所述弹簧基座部以夹在两侧的所述线状凸部之间的方式被引导而与所述内基座部卡口ο 2. A spring clip according to claim 1, wherein said inner portion has a base panel of the second abutting portion which holds the linear projections, said linear projections along a said direction of insertion of the second panel to form a pair of inner sides of said base portion, said base portion so as to spring between said linear projections being sandwiched on both sides of the guided in the base portion of the bayonet ο
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于,所述弹簧部件具有折曲部,该折曲部沿着所述弹簧内基座部从所述穿插孔穿插的方向而延伸设置在所述弹簧外基座部的侧面部上,且从所述侧面部向所述弹簧内基座部侧折曲, 在所述折曲部上卡合有所述外基座部的侧面部。 The spring clip of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said spring member having a bent portion, the bent portion along the inner spring base portion is inserted from the direction of the insertion hole extending on the side of the base portion of the outer portion of the spring, and from the side surface portion toward said spring base side bent portion, the bent portion in engagement with said outer portion of the base side part.
4.根据权利要求1〜3中任一项所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于,在所述外基座部的车身外侧具有卡定部,在将所述弹簧外基座部从车身外侧与所述外基座部卡合的状态下,该卡定部将该弹簧外基座部的穿插方向前端部卡定。 4. A spring clip according to any one of claim 1 ~ 3, characterized in that the locking portion has on the outside of the outer base portion of the vehicle body, the outer base portion of the spring from the outside of the vehicle body and state in which the outer base engaging portion, the locking direction of the spring portion is inserted the outer portion of the base portion of the distal locking.
5.一种汽车的翼子板的安装构造,其使用了权利要求1〜4所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于, 所述第I面板是侧面板, 所述第2面板是翼子板,在所述翼子板的上缘具有将前柱的下端部覆盖的突出部, 所述翼子板具有从所述突出部向下方延伸的凸缘, 所述侧面板具有由所述紧固部件固定在与所述凸缘对应的位置上的所述弹簧夹, 所述凸缘插入至所述弹簧夹的开口部中而通过基于该弹簧夹而实现的夹持力而被保持。 A motor vehicle fender panel mounting structure, using a spring clip according to claim 1 ~ 4, wherein said first panel is a side panel I, and the second panel is a fender panel, an upper edge of the fender panel having a lower end portion of the projecting portion covered with the front pillar, the fender having a flange portion extending downward from said projection, said plate having a side surface of said fastening member the spring clip is fixed at a position corresponding to the flange on the flange portion is inserted into an opening in the spring clip through a clamping force based on the spring clip is held achieved.
CN 201410571718 2013-10-24 2014-10-23 Fender mounting structure of an automobile and the spring clip CN104554479B (en)

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