CN104543526A - Trachinotus ovatus mixed feed - Google Patents

Trachinotus ovatus mixed feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104543526A
CN104543526A CN201410835208.5A CN201410835208A CN104543526A CN 104543526 A CN104543526 A CN 104543526A CN 201410835208 A CN201410835208 A CN 201410835208A CN 104543526 A CN104543526 A CN 104543526A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
mixed feed
fish
cfu
chinese herbal
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CN201410835208.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
齐国山
王文娟
郑智聪
黄劲松
张新节
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湛江国联饲料有限公司
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Priority to CN201410835208.5A priority Critical patent/CN104543526A/en
Publication of CN104543526A publication Critical patent/CN104543526A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses trachinotus ovatus mixed feed which is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 24-35 parts of fish meal, 16-23 parts of soybean pulp, 1-3 parts of peanut bran, 5-7 parts of corn protein powder, 2-3 parts of dried blood, 22-26 parts of flour, 3-4 parts of beer yeast, 3-4 parts of fish oil, 0.5-1 part of lecithin, 1-2 parts of cuttlefish paste, 1-2 parts of commercial fish premix, 0.1-1 part of choline, 1-2 parts of monocalcium phosphate, 0.3-1 part of a composite Chinese herbal medicine and 0.01-0.05 part of composite probiotics. As essential amino acids are balanced, the trachinotus ovatus mixed feed disclosed by the invention is balanced in nutrition, is capable of preventing bacteria or diseases, improving the immunity and protecting the liver and the gallbladder, is free of extra antibiotic medicine, does not pollute a water body, is green and environment-friendly, and is high-efficiency mixed feed.

Description

A kind of golden butterfish mixed feed
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of feed, be specifically related to a kind of golden butterfish mixed feed.
Background technology
Gold butterfish, has another name called egg-shaped pompano (Trachinotus ovatus), and belong to Perciformes, Scad section, silvery pomfret Scad belongs to, and a kind of wide salt, warm water, carnivorous oceanodromous migration fish, meat is delicate, delicious.Be distributed in the Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Australia, Japan, the torrid zone in America and the Atlantic Ocean seashore in temperate zone and Yellow Sea of China, the Bohai Sea, the East Sea, the South Sea.As the marine fish that China is important, its cultivation has formed certain scale.Advance the development of its standardization, standardization, intensive culture industry, it is very important for promoting its mixed feed effect.
Although but the golden butterfish artifical compound feed of existing multiple brand in the market, but its effect is uneven, the feed palatability of a lot of brand is poor, nutrition is unbalanced, non-digestible, but also can polluted-water, cause disease, seriously hinder the development of golden butterfish aquaculture, growth.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of golden butterfish mixed feed is provided, there is promotion and ingest, digest, improve water quality environment, improve the effect of golden butterfish disease-resistant growth-promoting.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is achieved by following technical solution:
A kind of golden butterfish mixed feed, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fish meal 24 ~ 35 parts, dregs of beans 16 ~ 23 parts, peanut press pulp 1 ~ 3 part, corn protein powder 5 ~ 7 parts, blood meal 2 ~ 3 parts, 22 ~ 26 parts, flour, brewer's yeast 3 ~ 4 parts, 3 ~ 4 parts, fish oil, 0.5 ~ 1 part, lecithin, cuttlefish cream 1 ~ 2 part, marketable fish premix 1 ~ 2 part, 0.1 ~ 1 part, choline, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1 ~ 2 part, composite Chinese herbal 0.3 ~ 1 part, compound probiotic 0.01 ~ 0.05 part;
Described composite Chinese herbal additive is made up of the raw material of following percetage by weight: rheum officinale 12 ~ 18%, dandelion 8 ~ 12%, and windproof 3 ~ 7%, radix bupleuri 14 ~ 16%, the root of large-flowered skullcap 8 ~ 12%, rhizoma zingiberis 9 ~ 11%, garlic 17 ~ 23%, hawthorn 13 ~ 17%.
As a kind of preferred version, described golden butterfish mixed feed is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fish meal 30 parts, dregs of beans 20 parts, peanut press pulp 2 parts, corn protein powder 6 parts, blood meal 3 parts, 24 parts, flour, brewer's yeast 3.5 parts, 3.8 parts, fish oil, 0.7 part, lecithin, cuttlefish cream 1.5 parts, marketable fish premix 2 parts, 0.4 part, choline, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5 parts, composite Chinese herbal 0.5 part, compound probiotic 0.02 part;
Described composite Chinese herbal additive is made up of the raw material of following percetage by weight: rheum officinale 15%, dandelion 10%, and windproof 5%, radix bupleuri 15%, the root of large-flowered skullcap 10%, rhizoma zingiberis 10%, garlic 20%, hawthorn 15%.
It is this area routine techniques that the present invention adds marketable fish premix, directly can adopt common commercially available marketable fish premix, and object is the mcg vitamin that supplementary fish is required in growth course and mineral matter.
The effect of compound probiotic of the present invention promotes that golden butterfish utilizes the absorption and digestion of feed, and can improve water quality environment, adopts the probiotic combinations of this area routine.As a kind of preferred version, described compound probiotic is made up of bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, lactobacillus and saccharomycete, and in described compound probiotic, the content of all kinds of bacterium is 2.0 × 10 6~ 5.0 × 10 8cfu/g.
As further preferred version, in described compound probiotic, the content of all kinds of bacterium is respectively: bacillus subtilis 5.0 × 10 8cfu/g, bacillus licheniformis 2.0 × 10 8cfu/g, lactobacillus 3 × 10 7cfu/g, saccharomycete 4.0 × 10 6cfu/g, the compound use of described compound probiotic and other raw materials, plays best synergy, promotes the abilities of digestive and absorption of golden butterfish and improve water quality effect optimum.
Chinese herb feed additive of the present invention has antibacterial diseases prevention, protect the liver and protect courage, promote the effect of ingesting, and adopts field of Chinese medicines conventional means, by all kinds of raw material stoving, pulverizing, takes and combinationally uses in proportion.
The combination of compound probiotic of the present invention and described Chinese herb feed additive has diseases prevention, cures the disease, antiviral functions, use the present invention not need additionally to add antibiotics when raising golden butterfish, this is just for market provides good, the free of contamination green fish food of meat.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) golden butterfish mixed feed of the present invention is balanced in nutrition, balances essential amino acid, known by analysis, and in described golden butterfish mixed feed, protein content is 39 ~ 42%, fat content is 7.7 ~ 8.9%, lysine content 2.2 ~ 2.5%.
(2) golden butterfish mixed feed of the present invention has antibacterial diseases prevention, develop immunitypty, protects the liver and protects courage, good palatability, strengthen the appetite of golden butterfish, significantly improves survival rate and the rate of body weight gain of raising.
(3) using golden butterfish mixed feed of the present invention without the need to additionally adding antibiotics, reducing feeding cost, improving water quality environment, not polluted-water, environmental protection, nonhazardous effect.
(4) golden butterfish mixed feed cost of the present invention is low, profitable, is a kind of mixed feed of high performance-price ratio.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further explained, but embodiments of the present invention is not limited in any way.Unless stated otherwise, involved in embodiment reagent, method are the conventional reagent in this area and method.
In the following example, described compound probiotic is made up of bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, lactobacillus and saccharomycete, and the content of all kinds of bacterium is respectively: bacillus subtilis 5.0 × 10 8cfu/g, bacillus licheniformis 2.0 × 10 8cfu/g, lactobacillus 3 × 10 7cfu/g, saccharomycete 4.0 × 10 6cfu/g.Other all kinds of raw material is the product that acquisition directly can be bought in market.
embodiment 1
Take fish meal 30 kg, dregs of beans 20 kg, peanut press pulp 2 kg, corn protein powder 6 kg, blood meal 3 kg, flour 24 kg, brewer's yeast 3.5 kg, fish oil 3.8 kg, lecithin 0.7 kg, cuttlefish cream 1.5 kg, marketable fish premix 2 kg, choline 0.4 kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5 kg, composite Chinese herbal 0.5 kg, compound probiotic 0.02 kg by the obtained golden butterfish mixed feed of the present invention of conventional expanded pellet diet production line granulation.
Described composite Chinese herbal additive mixes obtained by the raw material of following weight portion after crushed: rheum officinale 15 parts, dandelion 10 parts, windproof 5 parts, radix bupleuri 15 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 10 parts, rhizoma zingiberis 10 parts, 20 parts, garlic, hawthorn 15 parts.
embodiment 2
Take fish meal 24 kg, dregs of beans 23 kg, peanut press pulp 3 kg, corn protein powder 7 kg, blood meal 3 kg, flour 26 kg, brewer's yeast 4 kg, fish oil 3 kg, lecithin 1 kg, cuttlefish cream 2 kg, marketable fish premix 1 kg, choline 1 kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2 kg, composite Chinese herbal 1 kg, compound probiotic 0.05 kg by the obtained golden butterfish mixed feed of the present invention of conventional expanded pellet diet production line granulation.
Described composite Chinese herbal additive mixes obtained by the raw material of following weight portion after crushed: rheum officinale 12 parts, dandelion 12 parts, windproof 3 parts, radix bupleuri 16 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 8 parts, rhizoma zingiberis 11 parts, 17 parts, garlic, hawthorn 17 parts.
embodiment 3
Take fish meal 35 kg, dregs of beans 16 kg, peanut press pulp 1 kg, corn protein powder 5 kg, blood meal 2 kg, flour 22 kg, brewer's yeast 3 kg, fish oil 4 kg, lecithin 0.5 kg, cuttlefish cream 1 kg, marketable fish premix 1.5 kg, choline 0.1 kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1 kg, composite Chinese herbal 0.3 kg, compound probiotic 0.01 kg by the obtained golden butterfish mixed feed of the present invention of conventional expanded pellet diet production line granulation.
Described composite Chinese herbal additive three; Mix obtained after crushed by the raw material of following weight portion: rheum officinale 18 parts, dandelion 8 parts, windproof 7 parts, radix bupleuri 14 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 12 parts, rhizoma zingiberis 9 parts, 23 parts, garlic, hawthorn 13 parts.
comparative example 1
Directly from buying common golden butterfish mixed feed (the bright brightness feed in Guangdong on the market, gold butterfish is special, the place of production: the Taishan, protein content >39 in the middle of feed, fat content >7, primary raw material comprises imported fish meal, cuttlefish cream, dusty yeast, Soybean Meal, Strong flour, refined fish oil, mineral matter, trace element, B B-complex etc.) 1 carry out control experiment as a comparison case.
comparative example 2
Directly from buying common fish mixed feed (the permanent emerging feed in Guangdong on the market, fish is special, the place of production: Zhanjiang, protein content >39 in the middle of feed, fat content >8, primary raw material comprises fish meal, dregs of beans, dusty yeast, squid visceral meal, Strong flour, composite mineral matter and vitamin, immunopotentiator etc.) 2 carry out control experiment as a comparison case.
comparative example 3
Composition of raw materials and preparation method are with reference to embodiment 1, and distinctive points is the composite Chinese herbal additive not adding 0.5kg.
Select golden butterfish 2500 tail that modal upgrowth situation is substantially identical on the market, be divided into 5 groups at random, adopt the experiment bucket of 400L, every barrel of 100 tails, carry out the raising experiment of 90 days, experimental result is as shown in the table.
Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Comparative example 1 Comparative example 2 Comparative example 3
Rate of body weight gain 570.3% 558.9% 567.7% 534.1% 533.2% 540.9%
Survival rate 86% 83% 85% 73% 71% 75%
Feed coefficient 1.43 1.44 1.47 1.56 1.58 1.57
Protein utilization 84.8% 83.9% 84.6% 80.3% 80.7% 81.1%
Water quality nitrogen oxygen content (mg/L) 0.0097 0.0102 0.0104 0.0124 0.0129 0.0119
Feed input cost (ten thousand yuan) 28.8 28.5 28.9 31.1 30.7 27.2
Output (ten thousand yuan) 48.5 47.9 47.6 41.4 41.1 40.8
Profit (ten thousand yuan) 20.7 19.4 18.7 10.3 10.4 13.6
Wherein, rate of body weight gain (%)=(eventually last counterpoise-first counterpoise) × 100/ just counterpoise.
Fish tail number is thrown in when the experiment of surplus fish tail number × 100/ starts at the end of survival rate (%)=experiment.
Feed coefficient=feedstuff feeding amount/(eventually last counterpoise-first counterpoise).
Protein utilization (%)=(eventually last counterpoise-first counterpoise)/protein feeding volume.
As can be seen from the above table, adopt the parameters of the embodiment 1 ~ 3 of the present invention's gold butterfish mixed feed be all significantly better than using the comparative example 1 of commercially available common golden butterfish feed and use the comparative example 2 of ordinary sea water fish meal, be also significantly better than the comparative example 3 not using composite Chinese herbal additive of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a golden butterfish mixed feed, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fish meal 24 ~ 35 parts, dregs of beans 16 ~ 23 parts, peanut press pulp 1 ~ 3 part, corn protein powder 5 ~ 7 parts, blood meal 2 ~ 3 parts, 22 ~ 26 parts, flour, brewer's yeast 3 ~ 4 parts, 3 ~ 4 parts, fish oil, 0.5 ~ 1 part, lecithin, cuttlefish cream 1 ~ 2 part, marketable fish premix 1 ~ 2 part, 0.1 ~ 1 part, choline, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1 ~ 2 part, composite Chinese herbal 0.3 ~ 1 part, compound probiotic 0.01 ~ 0.05 part;
Described composite Chinese herbal additive is made up of the raw material of following percetage by weight: rheum officinale 12 ~ 18%, dandelion 8 ~ 12%, and windproof 3 ~ 7%, radix bupleuri 14 ~ 16%, the root of large-flowered skullcap 8 ~ 12%, rhizoma zingiberis 9 ~ 11%, garlic 17 ~ 23%, hawthorn 13 ~ 17%.
2. golden butterfish mixed feed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described golden butterfish mixed feed is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fish meal 30 parts, dregs of beans 20 parts, peanut press pulp 2 parts, corn protein powder 6 parts, blood meal 3 parts, 24 parts, flour, brewer's yeast 3.5 parts, 3.8 parts, fish oil, 0.7 part, lecithin, cuttlefish cream 1.5 parts, marketable fish premix 2 parts, 0.4 part, choline, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5 parts, composite Chinese herbal 0.5 part, compound probiotic 0.02 part;
Described composite Chinese herbal additive is made up of the raw material of following percetage by weight: rheum officinale 15%, dandelion 10%, and windproof 5%, radix bupleuri 15%, the root of large-flowered skullcap 10%, rhizoma zingiberis 10%, garlic 20%, hawthorn 15%.
3. golden butterfish mixed feed according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described compound probiotic is made up of bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, lactobacillus and saccharomycete.
4. golden butterfish mixed feed according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, in described compound probiotic, the content of all kinds of bacterium is 2.0 × 10 6~ 5.0 × 10 8cfu/g.
5. golden butterfish mixed feed according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, in described compound probiotic, the content of all kinds of bacterium is respectively: bacillus subtilis 5.0 × 10 8cfu/g, bacillus licheniformis 2.0 × 10 8cfu/g, lactobacillus 3 × 10 7cfu/g, saccharomycete 4.0 × 10 6cfu/g.
CN201410835208.5A 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 Trachinotus ovatus mixed feed CN104543526A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106234285A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 广西海世通食品股份有限公司 Device and using method are thrown in a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva
CN106260754A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-01-04 天津市晨辉饲料有限公司 Grains dedicated mixed feed of orbfish and preparation method thereof
CN106343263A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 陆丰市德泰丰饲料原料有限公司 An trachinotus ovatus with a formula feed by adding a squid paste to improve the feeding rate
CN107568503A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-12 安徽鸿运生态农业有限公司 A kind of chub feed

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106260754A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-01-04 天津市晨辉饲料有限公司 Grains dedicated mixed feed of orbfish and preparation method thereof
CN106234285A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 广西海世通食品股份有限公司 Device and using method are thrown in a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva
CN106343263A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 陆丰市德泰丰饲料原料有限公司 An trachinotus ovatus with a formula feed by adding a squid paste to improve the feeding rate
CN107568503A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-12 安徽鸿运生态农业有限公司 A kind of chub feed

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