CN104540307A - Energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch - Google Patents

Energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104540307A
CN104540307A CN201510032552.5A CN201510032552A CN104540307A CN 104540307 A CN104540307 A CN 104540307A CN 201510032552 A CN201510032552 A CN 201510032552A CN 104540307 A CN104540307 A CN 104540307A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
full bridge
energy
bridge rectifier
delay
electronic switch
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Pending
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CN201510032552.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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吴建堂
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201510032552.5A priority Critical patent/CN104540307A/en
Publication of CN104540307A publication Critical patent/CN104540307A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/40Control techniques providing energy savings, e.g. smart controller or presence detection

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  • Circuit Arrangement For Electric Light Sources In General (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to an energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch which is characterized by comprising a 220V AC power supply, a full-bridge rectifying circuit, a one-way SCR (Silicon Controlled Rectifier) trigger and time-delay circuit and a one-way SCR control circuit. The energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch provided by the invention is provided with only two wiring terminals and is a double-terminal device, when the switch is in an off state, the resistance is infinitely great, and when a one-way SCR is turned on, the voltage drop on the switch is smaller than 3V and is only 1.36% of mains voltage, so the energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch can be regarded as a passive device approximately. According to the energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch, a transformer and a relay are avoided being used, the circuits have the characteristics of easiness in manufacturing, small size and low manufacturing cost, the switch can be designed and integrated into a standard panel 86, and is suitable for lighting time-delay control for various incandescent lamps in families or public places.

Description

Energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch
Technical field
The invention belongs to electronics and power-saving technique field, is about a kind of energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch.
Background technology
In order to stop the altar lamp phenomenon of the public places such as stair, corridor, passageway, market there are many energy-saving electronic switchs, time delay is taked to turn off the light mode automatic distinguishing electric light, common lighting delay circuit, as: adopt 555 time-base circuits to be connected into delay circuit, then promote direct current relay adhesive or release, control lighting or extinguishing of incandescent lamp; Finished product ubiquity circuit more complicated on the market, use components and parts are many, and then along with the more high fact of fault rate, there is the problems such as cost of manufacture is higher.
In order to solve the defect that on market, existing finished product exists, making this kind of electronic switch be promoted use, following three problems must be resolved:
Be convenient to install, under the condition not changing civil power wiring, directly can exchange with existing lighting switch, that is: require that energy-saving electronic switch is a both-end connector;
When energy-saving electronic switch turns off, light fixture infinite, on-state circuitous resistance is the smaller the better, that is: energy-saving electronic switch is a passive device approx;
It avoids using power transformer and relay, and circuit has easy making, volume is little, cost is low feature.
Energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch of the present invention only has two terminals, it is a two-terminal devices, switch is when off state, resistance is in infinitely great, when unidirectional controllable silicon S CR conducting, pressure drop on switch is less than 3V, is only 1.36% of line voltage, and can regard it approx as is a passive device.It can integrated design in 86 type standard panels, be applicable at home or the various incandescent lighting delays time to control in public place, the present invention has obvious power savings.
Below describe in detail energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch of the present invention necessity involved in manufacturing process, guardian technique.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention and beneficial effect: energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch of the present invention only has two terminals, it is a two-terminal devices, switch is when off state, resistance is in infinitely great, when unidirectional controllable silicon S CR conducting, pressure drop on switch is less than 3V, is only 1.36% of line voltage, and can regard it approx as is a passive device.It avoids using transformer and relay, circuit has easy making, volume is little, cost is low feature, it can integrated design in 86 type standard panels, be applicable at home or the various incandescent lighting delays time to control in public place, the present invention has obvious power savings.
Circuit working principle: click key switch AN, 220V alternating current is after the rectification of full-bridge rectification element, charged to electrochemical capacitor C1 by silicon rectifier diode D5, when the voltage on electrochemical capacitor C1 controls pole trigger voltage higher than unidirectional controllable silicon S CR, unidirectional controllable silicon S CR is triggered conducting, and bulb HL lights.Electric charge on electrochemical capacitor C1 is slowly discharged by step-down current-limiting resistance R1, maintain unidirectional controllable silicon S CR conducting, after time delay reaches the scheduled time, 1 ~ 2 minute is about according to technical parameter bulb HL lighting time provided by the invention, after time delay, unidirectional controllable silicon S CR turns off when On current is less than and maintains electric current, and bulb HL extinguishes.
Full-bridge rectification componentry in accompanying drawing 1 removes, although can reduce cost of manufacture, bulb HL can only obtain half wave power supply, bulb HL there will be flicker, and actual illumination effect is bad.
Technical scheme: energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch, it comprises 220V AC power, full bridge rectifier, one-way SCR triggering and delay circuit, one-way SCR control circuit, it is characterized in that:
Full bridge rectifier: it is connected into full bridge rectifier by 4 silicon rectifier diode D1 ~ D4, one end of full bridge rectifier alternating current input meets 220V AC power live wire end L through bulb HL, another termination 220V AC power zero line side N of full bridge rectifier ac power input end;
One-way SCR triggers and delay circuit: it is made up of silicon rectifier diode D5, key switch AN, electrochemical capacitor C1, resistance R1, the positive pole of full bridge rectifier DC output end connects silicon rectifier diode D5 positive pole, silicon rectifier diode D5 negative pole connects electrochemical capacitor C1 positive pole and resistance R1 one end by key switch AN, the order of the resistance R1 other end is to the control pole of controllable silicon SCR, and electrochemical capacitor C1 negative pole connects the negative pole of full bridge rectifier DC output end;
The anode of one-way SCR control circuit: unidirectional controllable silicon S CR connects the positive pole of full bridge rectifier DC output end, the negative pole of the negative electrode full bridge rectifier DC output end of unidirectional controllable silicon S CR.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the embodiment circuit working schematic diagram that the invention provides an energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch; D1 ~ D4 on accompanying drawing 1 in full bridge rectifier is silicon rectifier diode.
Embodiment
According to the energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch circuit for working schematic diagram shown in accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing explanation, and according to annexation between components and parts in each several part circuit described in summary of the invention, and components and parts technical parameter described in execution mode requires and circuit production main points are carried out enforcement and can be realized the present invention, is further described correlation technique of the present invention below in conjunction with embodiment.
The technical parameter of components and parts and selection requirement
D1 ~ D5 is silicon rectifier diode, and the model selected is 1N4007, and technical parameter is 1A/1000V;
SCR is one-way SCR, and select packing forms to be the one-way SCR of BTA plastic packaging, its technical parameter is 1A/400V;
Resistance R1 selects that RJ type, power are 1W, resistance is 300K Ω;
The technical parameter of electrochemical capacitor C1 is 10 μ F/300V;
AN is key switch, selects small-sized one pole key switch;
Requirement power≤the 60W of bulb HL.
Circuit production main points and circuit debugging method
Because the circuit structure of energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch is fairly simple, comparison is easy, as long as the electronic devices and components performance generally selected is intact, and the components and parts annexation to specifications in accompanying drawing 1 is welded, physical connection line and welding quality are through carefully checking correctly, and circuit of the present invention does not substantially need to carry out any debugging and can normally work;
In circuit debugging, if after clicking key switch AN, bulb HL can not be lit, and suitably should reduce the resistance of resistance R1; The length of delay time is determined jointly by the numerical value of electrochemical capacitor C1 or resistance R1, and the numerical value of electrochemical capacitor C1, resistance R1 is larger, and the time of time delay is longer; Make according to the technical parameter of above-mentioned components and parts, bulb HL lighting time is about 65 ~ 110 seconds.
Circuit components layout of the present invention, circuit structure design, its shape and size etc. of outward appearance are not all key technologies of the present invention; because not affecting specific implementation process of the present invention; neither the technology contents of application claims protection, therefore not illustrate one by one in the description.

Claims (1)

1. an energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch, it comprises 220V AC power, full bridge rectifier, one-way SCR Time delay circuit, one-way SCR control circuit, it is characterized in that:
Described full bridge rectifier is connected into full bridge rectifier by 4 silicon rectifier diode D1 ~ D4, one end of full bridge rectifier alternating current input meets 220V AC power live wire end L through bulb HL, another termination 220V AC power zero line side N of full bridge rectifier ac power input end;
Described one-way SCR Time delay circuit is made up of silicon rectifier diode D5, key switch AN, electrochemical capacitor C1, resistance R1, the positive pole of full bridge rectifier DC output end connects silicon rectifier diode D5 positive pole, silicon rectifier diode D5 negative pole connects electrochemical capacitor C1 positive pole and resistance R1 one end by key switch AN, the order of the resistance R1 other end is to the control pole of controllable silicon SCR, and electrochemical capacitor C1 negative pole connects the negative pole of full bridge rectifier DC output end;
In described one-way SCR control circuit, the anode of unidirectional controllable silicon S CR connects the positive pole of full bridge rectifier DC output end, the negative pole of the negative electrode full bridge rectifier DC output end of unidirectional controllable silicon S CR.
CN201510032552.5A 2015-01-22 2015-01-22 Energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch Pending CN104540307A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510032552.5A CN104540307A (en) 2015-01-22 2015-01-22 Energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510032552.5A CN104540307A (en) 2015-01-22 2015-01-22 Energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104540307A true CN104540307A (en) 2015-04-22

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510032552.5A Pending CN104540307A (en) 2015-01-22 2015-01-22 Energy-saving time-delay lamp electronic switch

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105142297A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-09 成都市宏山科技有限公司 Automatic lamplight control device suitable for public places

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102131329A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-07-20 丁昌坤 Energy-saving electronic switch
CN102752944A (en) * 2012-07-11 2012-10-24 刘德军 Energy-saving electronic time delay lamp
CN102752927A (en) * 2012-06-27 2012-10-24 何林 Energy-saving passive electronic time-delay switch
CN103687250A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-03-26 吴建堂 Alternating-current (AC) LED (Light Emitting Diode) energy-saving delay lamp
CN204316846U (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-06 吴建堂 Energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102131329A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-07-20 丁昌坤 Energy-saving electronic switch
CN102752927A (en) * 2012-06-27 2012-10-24 何林 Energy-saving passive electronic time-delay switch
CN102752944A (en) * 2012-07-11 2012-10-24 刘德军 Energy-saving electronic time delay lamp
CN103687250A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-03-26 吴建堂 Alternating-current (AC) LED (Light Emitting Diode) energy-saving delay lamp
CN204316846U (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-06 吴建堂 Energy-saving delay-action lamp electronic switch

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105142297A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-09 成都市宏山科技有限公司 Automatic lamplight control device suitable for public places

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Application publication date: 20150422