CN104539712A - Intelligent household appliance data transmission method - Google Patents

Intelligent household appliance data transmission method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104539712A
CN104539712A CN201410855693.2A CN201410855693A CN104539712A CN 104539712 A CN104539712 A CN 104539712A CN 201410855693 A CN201410855693 A CN 201410855693A CN 104539712 A CN104539712 A CN 104539712A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
byte
intelligent appliance
data
control command
message
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410855693.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王冬雷
郭雄飞
Original Assignee
广东德豪润达电气股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广东德豪润达电气股份有限公司 filed Critical 广东德豪润达电气股份有限公司
Priority to CN201410855693.2A priority Critical patent/CN104539712A/en
Publication of CN104539712A publication Critical patent/CN104539712A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/0001Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/10Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which an application is distributed across nodes in the network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • H04L67/125Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks involving the control of end-device applications over a network

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent household appliance data transmission method. The method is suitable for data transmission in wireless communication and in RS 232 wire communication. The method includes the steps that data transmission is conducted on data to be transmitted with a frame message as a unit, and the frame message is composed of a device message dispatching packet head and an original message; the original message comprises frame head identification bytes, frame length bytes, check code bytes, frame ending identification bytes and other bytes; the device message dispatching packet head comprises communication protocol version number bytes, leftover-length bytes, communication protocol command bytes and source connection number bytes; when data transmission in a local area network is conducted between a mobile terminal and an intelligent household appliance, external packaging is conducted on the transmission data through an XPG general data protocol, and the transmission data are sent through a TCP; when data transmission is conducted between the mobile terminal and a cloud and between the cloud and the household appliance, external packaging is conducted the transmission data through an MQTT standard message type. The intelligent household appliance data transmission method is simple in coding, stable in data transmission and high in efficiency.

Description

Intelligent appliance data transmission method

Technical field

The present invention relates to intelligent household appliance control technology field, particularly relate to a kind of intelligent appliance data transmission method.

Background technology

The intellectuality of household electrical appliances is not only started with from household appliances itself, the more important thing is and by household electrical appliances accessing Internet, will carry out Long-distance Control.Now, WIFI has been that the standard of the mobile terminal such as smart mobile phone, panel computer, notebook computer is instantly equipped with, by the portable equipment such as smart mobile phone and panel computer, Long-distance Control is carried out to intelligent appliance, and understand the information such as the running status of household electrical appliances in real time, be the most easily receive and most convenient use concerning consumer.General intelligence appliance system is made up of the electric-controlled plate subsystem in intelligent appliance, WIFI module and backstage cloud server and mobile phone A PP.Electric-controlled plate is the temperature collected, local state, the data such as alert data and user habit are uploaded to far-end server on the one hand by WIFI module, be sent on the other hand on the mobile phone connected in local area network (LAN), user opens mobile phone A PP and obtains man-machine interaction data by high in the clouds or Intranet connection device, and can control set device parameter by mobile phone A PP.

But intelligent appliance, transfer of data between high in the clouds and mobile phone three communication nodes must be undertaken by certain coding, and adopt which kind of coding form to determine stability and the efficiency of transmission of transfer of data.

Therefore, study a kind of efficiency of transmission high, and data and the stable data transmission method of command are problem demanding prompt solutions.

Summary of the invention

Based on this, be necessary to limit efficiency of transmission and the insecure problem of transmission stability in intelligent appliance high in the clouds under current condition and mobile phone terminal data transmission procedure owing to encoding, there is provided a kind of efficiency of transmission high, and the intelligent appliance data transmission method that data, command are stable.

For realizing a kind of intelligent appliance data transmission method that the object of the invention provides, be applicable to the transfer of data in wireless telecommunications and RS232 wire communication, comprise the transfer of data between mobile terminal and intelligent appliance, between mobile terminal and high in the clouds and between intelligent appliance and high in the clouds, the method carries out transfer of data to the data that will transmit in units of frame message, and frame message dispatches packet header by equipment message and original message two parts form wherein:

Described original message comprises frame head identification byte, frame length byte, intelligent appliance protocol version byte, logo byte, product type byte, product type byte, mobile phone command word byte, intelligent appliance control command byte, check code byte and frame end identification byte;

Described equipment message scheduling packet header comprises communications protocol version number byte, residue length byte, communications protocol command byte, source hyphen byte;

When carrying out transfer of data in local area network (LAN) between mobile terminal and intelligent appliance, described transmission data use XPG Universal Data Protocol do outer package and transmitted by TCP;

Mobile terminal and high in the clouds, when carrying out transfer of data between high in the clouds and intelligent appliance, described transmission data use MQTT standard message type to do outer package.

As a kind of embodiment of intelligent appliance data transmission method, described check code byte adopts and the mode of verification is encoded, after all bytes in described original message except described check code byte and described frame end identification byte are cumulative, save upper byte reservation low byte as check code byte.

As a kind of embodiment of intelligent appliance data transmission method, described intelligent appliance control command byte packet contains multiple byte, the control command of each intelligent appliance or the corresponding intelligent appliance control command byte of the state feedback of each intelligent appliance;

The control command of described intelligent appliance and the corresponding relation of described intelligent appliance control command byte is stored in described mobile terminal; The control command of the intelligent appliance received is encoded to corresponding intelligent appliance control command byte and is used for being transferred to described intelligent appliance by described mobile terminal;

The state feedback of described intelligent appliance and the corresponding relation of described intelligent appliance control command byte is stored in described intelligent appliance; State feedback is encoded to corresponding intelligent appliance control command byte and is used for being transferred to described mobile terminal and/or described high in the clouds by described intelligent appliance.

As a kind of embodiment of intelligent appliance data transmission method, described equipment message scheduling packet header comprises the systemic circulation packet header for telecommunication and the partial circulating packet header for local communication;

Described systemic circulation packet header comprises communications protocol version number byte, residue length byte, communications protocol command byte, elongated hyphen length value byte and elongated hyphen content byte;

Described partial circulating packet header comprises communications protocol version number byte, residue length byte, communications protocol command byte and source hyphen byte.

As a kind of embodiment of intelligent appliance data transmission method, described mobile terminal comprises smart mobile phone and panel computer.

Beneficial effect of the present invention comprises: a kind of intelligent appliance data transmission method provided by the invention, in units of frame message, transfer of data is carried out to the data that will transmit, and adopts different packaged types to do outer package between intelligent appliance and high in the clouds and between intelligent appliance and mobile terminal to carry out transfer of data.It can realize reliable and stable Long-distance Control and control, and coding is simple, efficiency of transmission is high.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the data transmission relations schematic diagram in an embodiment between intelligent appliance and high in the clouds and mobile terminal.

Embodiment

In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, be described below in conjunction with the embodiment of accompanying drawing to intelligent appliance data transmission method of the present invention.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.

Intelligent appliance data transmission method of the present invention, is applicable to the transfer of data in wireless telecommunications and RS232 wire communication, comprises the transfer of data between mobile terminal and intelligent appliance, between mobile terminal and high in the clouds and between intelligent appliance and high in the clouds.Communication between intelligent appliance 200 and mobile terminal 300 and high in the clouds 100 as shown in Figure 1.Method of the present invention carries out transfer of data to the data that will transmit in units of frame message.Transmission data after coding are dispatched packet header+original message (PO) two parts by equipment message and are formed.Wherein: described original message comprises frame head identification byte, frame length byte, intelligent appliance protocol version byte, logo byte, product type byte, product type byte, mobile phone command word byte, intelligent appliance control command byte, check code byte and frame end identification byte.Wherein, mobile terminal comprises smart mobile phone and panel computer etc.

Between both devices, data each transmission one frame in units of frame message is transmitted.Frame head identification byte represents the beginning of a frame, can represent the beginning of a frame with 0xa5.Frame length byte to be characterized in original message the total length of the byte contained by from frame head (comprising frame head) to postamble (comprising postamble).Intelligent appliance protocol version byte characterizes the version number that corresponding intelligent appliance transmits the communications protocol used, and generally can comprise two bytes, intelligent appliance communications protocol version number's high byte and an intelligent appliance communications protocol version number low byte.Mobile phone command word byte characterizes the function that present frame transmission data assemblies completes, as start, shutdown, state report, timing etc.Command word byte can comprise n (n is between 1 ~ 240) individual byte, for characterizing control command or the state instruction of concrete electric equipment, dissimilar product, the product of unlike signal are had nothing in common with each other on code and byte, can each tool demand set in actual use.

Logo byte, product type byte and product type byte is provided with in original message.Described logo byte can be arranged according to company's self-demand, product type byte and product type byte different according to the difference of concrete intelligence household electrical appliances.But be all generally unified constant for its logo byte of product, product type and a product type byte of fixing, communication and between intelligent appliance and high in the clouds during communication between mobile phone and intelligent appliance, remains unchanged for these bytes of same intelligent appliance.It also can effectively prevent receiving by mistake of the control signal between the intelligent appliance of different model.

And the intelligent appliance control command byte packet in original message is containing multiple byte, the control command of each intelligent appliance or the corresponding intelligent appliance control command byte of the state feedback of each intelligent appliance.

Check code byte is also comprised in original message, after being arranged on command word byte, accurate for guaranteeing the transmission of whole frame data.Finally arrange frame end identification byte simultaneously at original message, for characterizing the end of frame data, available 0xbd is as frame end identification byte.

Described equipment message scheduling packet header comprises communications protocol version number byte, residue length byte, communications protocol command byte, source hyphen byte.The whole transmission data will carrying out transmitting are followed successively by equipment message scheduling packet header, original message according to order.

When carrying out transfer of data in local network between mobile terminal and intelligent appliance, comprise mobile terminal and open to intelligent appliance transfer control or close the data transmission of some function of intelligent appliance, also comprise intelligent appliance and transmit feedback data to mobile terminal.Transmission data after coding use XPG Universal Data Protocol do outer package and transmitted between intelligent appliance and mobile terminal by TCP.

And when carrying out transfer of data between high in the clouds and intelligent appliance, the transmission data after coding use MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport, message queue remote measurement is transmitted) standard message type to do outer package.

Transfer of data between mobile terminal and high in the clouds also uses MQTT standard message type to do outer package.

The intelligent appliance data transmission method of the embodiment of the present invention to will being transferred to the control command of intelligent appliance and encoding from the feedback information that intelligent appliance returns, and uses XPG Universal Data Protocol or MQTT standard message type to do outer package to carry out transfer of data.This transmission method command is stablized, and efficiency of transmission is high, is suitable for extensively being suitable for.

The control command of described intelligent appliance and the corresponding relation of described intelligent appliance control command byte is stored in described mobile terminal.The control command of the intelligent appliance received is encoded to corresponding intelligent appliance control command byte and is used for being transferred to described intelligent appliance by described mobile terminal.

It should be noted that, the control command of intelligent appliance comprises unlatching, closedown, the setting running time that standby and some are concrete, operational taps etc. herein.Need in actual use to encode to the various control commands involved by intelligent appliance in advance, and store corresponding corresponding relation in mobile terminal and intelligent appliance.The mobile terminals such as mobile phone carry out by APP the control command setting intelligent appliance, and control command was first encoded according to the corresponding relation of control command byte before transmitting, and are transferred to intelligent appliance again after after coding.And after intelligent appliance receives data, also can data after recognition coding, and be decoded as control command accurately, and perform corresponding action according to control command, as operational taps being set as 2 grades etc.

The state feedback of described intelligent appliance and the corresponding relation of described intelligent appliance control command byte is stored in described intelligent appliance.State feedback is encoded to corresponding intelligent appliance control command byte and is used for being transferred to described mobile terminal and/or described high in the clouds by described intelligent appliance.The state feedback of intelligent appliance comprises the feedback that machine runs whether normal and current setup parameter (as temperature, operational taps etc.).

Preferably, as a kind of embodiment, described check code byte adopts and the mode of verification is encoded, after all bytes in described original message except described check code byte and described frame end identification byte are cumulative, save upper byte reservation low byte as check code byte.

Table one is that the original message that the full instruction of a concrete slow cooker issues illustrates:

Table one

Wherein, showing a kind of School Affairs is to carry out the check code of encoding with the mode verified.

In addition, described communication packet header comprises the systemic circulation packet header for telecommunication and the partial circulating packet header for local communication.

Described systemic circulation packet header comprises communications protocol version number byte, residue length byte, communications protocol command byte, elongated hyphen length value byte and elongated hyphen content byte; .

Wherein one implement in, the command format in systemic circulation packet header as shown in Table 2:

Table two

Wherein communications protocol version number byte is 4 bytes, and residue length is two bytes; Communications protocol command byte is two bytes; Elongated hyphen length value is two bytes.Shared by elongated hyphen content, length is determined by elongated hyphen length value.

Also it should be noted that, the first residue length byte in the embodiment of the present invention follows large end order, and namely high byte is front, and low byte is rear.As in table two, if control command PO is 8 bytes, elongated hyphen 6 byte, then residue length is 8+2+2+6=18, i.e. 0x12.

Partial circulating packet header comprises communications protocol version number byte, residue length byte and source hyphen byte.

Wherein one implement in, the command format in partial circulating packet header as shown in Table 3:

Table three

As shown in Table 3, communications protocol version number byte is also 4 bytes, and residue length byte is two bytes, and communications protocol command byte is two bytes; Elongated hyphen content is nybble.

Wherein, in table three, residue length byte also follows large end order, and namely high byte is front, and low byte is rear.Under partial circulating package head format shown in table three, if control command PO is 8 byte longs, then the second residue length is 8+2+4=14, i.e. 0x0e.

The above embodiment only have expressed several execution mode of the present invention, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to the scope of the claims of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection range of patent of the present invention should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (5)

1. an intelligent appliance data transmission method, be applicable to the transfer of data in wireless telecommunications and RS232 wire communication, comprise the transfer of data between mobile terminal and intelligent appliance, between mobile terminal and high in the clouds and between intelligent appliance and high in the clouds, it is characterized in that, in units of frame message, carry out transfer of data to the data that will transmit, frame message dispatches packet header by equipment message and original message two parts form wherein:
Described original message comprises frame head identification byte, frame length byte, intelligent appliance protocol version byte, logo byte, product type byte, product type byte, mobile phone command word byte, intelligent appliance control command byte, check code byte and frame end identification byte;
Described equipment message scheduling packet header comprises communications protocol version number byte, residue length byte, communications protocol command byte, source hyphen byte;
When carrying out transfer of data in local area network (LAN) between mobile terminal and intelligent appliance, described transmission data use XPG Universal Data Protocol do outer package and transmitted by TCP;
Mobile terminal and high in the clouds, when carrying out transfer of data between high in the clouds and intelligent appliance, described transmission data use MQTT standard message type to do outer package.
2. intelligent appliance data transmission method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described check code byte adopts and the mode of verification is encoded, after all bytes in described original message except described check code byte and described frame end identification byte are cumulative, save upper byte reservation low byte as check code byte.
3. intelligent appliance data transmission method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described intelligent appliance control command byte packet contains multiple byte, the control command of each intelligent appliance or the corresponding intelligent appliance control command byte of the state feedback of each intelligent appliance;
The control command of described intelligent appliance and the corresponding relation of described intelligent appliance control command byte is stored in described mobile terminal; The control command of the intelligent appliance received is encoded to corresponding intelligent appliance control command byte and is used for being transferred to described intelligent appliance by described mobile terminal;
The state feedback of described intelligent appliance and the corresponding relation of described intelligent appliance control command byte is stored in described intelligent appliance; State feedback is encoded to corresponding intelligent appliance control command byte and is used for being transferred to described mobile terminal and/or described high in the clouds by described intelligent appliance.
4. intelligent appliance data transmission method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described equipment message scheduling packet header comprises the systemic circulation packet header for telecommunication and the partial circulating packet header for local communication;
Described systemic circulation packet header comprises communications protocol version number byte, residue length byte, communications protocol command byte, elongated hyphen length value byte and elongated hyphen content byte;
Described partial circulating packet header comprises communications protocol version number byte, residue length byte, communications protocol command byte and source hyphen byte.
5. the intelligent appliance data transmission method according to any one of Claims 1-4, is characterized in that, described mobile terminal comprises smart mobile phone and panel computer.
CN201410855693.2A 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Intelligent household appliance data transmission method CN104539712A (en)

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Cited By (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105116744A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-02 青岛海尔智能家电科技有限公司 Intelligent household electrical appliance control method and home gateway
CN105471897A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-04-06 上海庆科信息技术有限公司 Embedded device cloud service access method and system
WO2017124681A1 (en) * 2016-01-20 2017-07-27 深圳Tcl数字技术有限公司 Method and system for smart television identity recognition
CN107302478A (en) * 2016-04-14 2017-10-27 南通乐芯智能设备有限公司 The long-range control method and system of a kind of smart home
CN107395751A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-24 绵阳美菱软件技术有限公司 A kind of remote control system of intelligent household electrical appliance and method
CN108055306A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-05-18 深圳市智物联网络有限公司 Data processing method, relevant device and system in a kind of Internet of Things
CN110488626A (en) * 2019-08-27 2019-11-22 腾讯科技(深圳)有限公司 A kind of apparatus control method, control device, chromacoder and storage medium

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CN1556623A (en) * 2003-12-31 2004-12-22 中国电力科学研究院 Intelligent community and intelligent domestic automation system based on full electric power line and method
US20110292247A1 (en) * 2010-05-27 2011-12-01 Sony Corporation Image compression method with random access capability
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105116744A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-02 青岛海尔智能家电科技有限公司 Intelligent household electrical appliance control method and home gateway
CN105471897A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-04-06 上海庆科信息技术有限公司 Embedded device cloud service access method and system
CN105471897B (en) * 2015-12-28 2019-03-22 上海庆科信息技术有限公司 A kind of embedded device cloud service cut-in method and system
WO2017124681A1 (en) * 2016-01-20 2017-07-27 深圳Tcl数字技术有限公司 Method and system for smart television identity recognition
CN107302478A (en) * 2016-04-14 2017-10-27 南通乐芯智能设备有限公司 The long-range control method and system of a kind of smart home
CN107395751A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-24 绵阳美菱软件技术有限公司 A kind of remote control system of intelligent household electrical appliance and method
CN107395751B (en) * 2017-08-23 2020-06-05 合肥美菱物联科技有限公司 Intelligent household appliance remote control system and method
CN108055306A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-05-18 深圳市智物联网络有限公司 Data processing method, relevant device and system in a kind of Internet of Things
CN110488626A (en) * 2019-08-27 2019-11-22 腾讯科技(深圳)有限公司 A kind of apparatus control method, control device, chromacoder and storage medium

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Application publication date: 20150422