CN104539216A - Asynchronous motor electric vehicle control device - Google Patents

Asynchronous motor electric vehicle control device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104539216A
CN104539216A CN201410761745.XA CN201410761745A CN104539216A CN 104539216 A CN104539216 A CN 104539216A CN 201410761745 A CN201410761745 A CN 201410761745A CN 104539216 A CN104539216 A CN 104539216A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
input
motor
output
parallel
circuit
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Pending
Application number
CN201410761745.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张彦会
张群
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Guangxi University of Science and Technology
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Guangxi University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201410761745.XA priority Critical patent/CN104539216A/en
Publication of CN104539216A publication Critical patent/CN104539216A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/64Electric machine technologies in electromobility
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility

Abstract

The invention discloses an asynchronous motor electric vehicle control device. The input end of a low-pass filtering circuit is connected with the negative electrode of a storage battery, the output end of the low-pass filtering circuit is connected with the input end of a DSP control chip, a voltage detection circuit is connected to the two ends of a filtering capacitor (C1) in parallel, a pre-charge resistor (R1) is connected to the two ends of a contactor (K2) in parallel, the two ends of an absorption capacitor (C2) are connected with the input end of an IPM, the output end of the IPM is connected with a motor, a photoelectric encoder is arranged on the motor, the output end of the photoelectric encoder is connected with the input end of the DSP control chip, and the photoelectric encoder comprises an optical grating disc, a photoelectric sensor and an LED. The aim of accurately controlling the rotating speed of the asynchronous motor is achieved.

Description

Asynchronous machine electric automobile control device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of asynchronous machine electric automobile control device.
Background technology
Along with progress and the expanding economy of Chinese society, fuel-engined vehicle progressively enters family, China's family-owned automobile pollution of individual rises year by year, end the end of the year in 2011, China's automobile pollution has broken through 100,000,000, automobile, providing people easily simultaneously, also brings a series of problems such as the scarcity of environmental pollution and petroleum resources.A large amount of uses of automobile make 42% of air pollution pollution be what to be caused by the gas emission of automobile, and the noise pollution 80% in city is also produced by vehicle, and along with the day by day deficient and high oil price of petroleum resources, and due to electric automobile, there is the advantages such as geneogenous low stain, zero discharge, the research and development of New-energy electric vehicle new technology become the trend of development of automobile.And in the utilizing of clean energy resource, electric automobile has inborn advantage, and along with photovoltaic, the development of the New Energy Industries such as wind energy, its electric power energy produced can be directly used in the driving of electric automobile, reaches the object of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Although the history of motor application has exceeded 100 years, electric machine speed regulation theory has been in the middle of the process of development always.Because direct current machine only needs simple current transformer just can realize good speed and torque modulating properties, therefore once account for leading position in the early stage motor application field of direct current machine.But early stage direct current machine also has the shortcoming of himself, as motor needs the special construction such as brush and commutator, make the weak points such as its maintenance cost is higher, and reliability is lower; Then there are not these problems in alternating current machine particularly Squirrel Cage Asynchronous Motors, it is simple that it has structure, and with low cost, reliability is high, is applicable to adverse circumstances and more effectively can realizes the features such as energy regenerating.Just it will depend on more complicated speed-adjusting and control system to the requirement of speed regulation, therefore its being of limited application in early days.But, along with power electronic technology in recent decades and the development of Electric Machine Control theory, the realization for high-performance AC governing system provides strong support.Particularly make alternating-current actuating system possess the speed adjusting performance compared favourably with direct current based on rotor field-oriented vector control, be thus widely used in current power automobile drive electric motor.
Alternating current machine has many advantages, but for a long time owing to being subject to the restriction of development in science and technology, AC motor application is failed to be well solved in buncher field as the difficulty of buncher.Only have some speed adjusting performances poor in early days, the method for poor efficiency power consumption.As wire-wound asynchronous motor guest performer resistance and mechanical type cascade speed control method and squirrel cage induction motor stator variable voltage speed control method.The cost of the obvious increase electric machine speed regulation control of these methods, and speeds control performance is lower, and this all makes the speed adjusting performance of asynchronous machine cannot mention in the same breath with direct current machine.
The principal character of frequency control is that the power supply amplitude and frequency by controlling motor stator reaches the object controlling motor torque and speed, this control program brings obvious benefit: the iron core that can make full use of motor on the one hand, and the performance of frequency conversion speed-adjusting system is also better than Direct Current Governor System on the other hand.Initial frequency control scheme reaches by keeping stator power-on voltage to keep approximate constant with the ratio of energising frequency the constant amplitude keeping magnetic linkage, in essence, the voltage of the just three-phase alternating current of constant voltage constant frequency control and frequency size, belong to opened loop control.Thus control program realizes simple, highly versatile, is mainly used in the occasion that velocity accuracy requirement is very not strict or load change is less.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, for the problems referred to above, propose a kind of asynchronous machine electric automobile control device, to realize the advantage of Rotational Speed of Asynchronous Motor being carried out to accurately control.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of asynchronous machine electric automobile control device, comprises DSP control chip, main circuit switch K1, contactor K2, pre-charge resistance R1, voltage detecting circuit, filter capacitor C1, Absorption Capacitance C2, IPM module, batteries, low-pass filter circuit and photoelectric encoder, described main circuit switch K1, the series circuit that contactor K2 and filter capacitor C1 forms is connected in parallel on the two ends of batteries, the input of described low-pass filter circuit is connected with the negative pole of batteries, the output of low-pass filter circuit is connected with the input of DSP control chip, described voltage detecting circuit is connected in parallel on the two ends of filter capacitor C1, and Absorption Capacitance C2 is connected in parallel on the two ends of filter capacitor C1, described pre-charge resistance R1 is connected in parallel on the two ends of contactor K2, the two ends of described Absorption Capacitance C2 connect respectively at the input of IPM module, the output of described IPM module is connected with motor, described motor arranges photoelectric encoder, and the output of this photoelectric encoder is connected with the input of DSP control chip, described photoelectric encoder comprises grating disc, photoelectric sensor and LED, and the main shaft of motor is provided with grating disc, when grating disc rotates with electric machine main shaft, when the light that LED sends is blocked by grating disc, and photoelectric sensor output logic 0, namely low level, when LED light is received by photoelectric sensor through the hole on grating disc, photoelectric sensor is with regard to output logic 1, namely high level.
Technical scheme of the present invention has following beneficial effect:
Technical scheme of the present invention, introduce DSP control chip, pass through photoelectric encoder, voltage detecting circuit to the collection of motor speed and supply power voltage, and by DSP control chip technology, because DSP control chip has high-precision pair of Floating-point Computation mode, technical speed is fast, thus decrease the hysteresis quality of signal, and the precise acquisition to motor speed and supply power voltage, achieve and the object that accurately controls is carried out to Rotational Speed of Asynchronous Motor.
Below by drawings and Examples, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the asynchronous machine electric automobile control device theory diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described, should be appreciated that preferred embodiment described herein is only for instruction and explanation of the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of asynchronous machine electric automobile control device, comprise DSP control chip (being called for short DSP), main circuit switch K1, contactor K2, pre-charge resistance R1, voltage detecting circuit, filter capacitor C1, Absorption Capacitance C2, IPM module, batteries, low-pass filter circuit and photoelectric encoder, main circuit switch K1, the series circuit that contactor K2 and filter capacitor C1 forms is connected in parallel on the two ends of batteries, the input of low-pass filter circuit is connected with the negative pole of batteries, the output of low-pass filter circuit is connected with the input of DSP control chip, voltage detecting circuit is connected in parallel on the two ends of filter capacitor C1, and Absorption Capacitance C2 is connected in parallel on the two ends of filter capacitor C1, pre-charge resistance R1 is connected in parallel on the two ends of contactor K2, the two ends of Absorption Capacitance C2 connect respectively at the input of IPM module, the output of IPM module is connected with motor, motor arranges photoelectric encoder, the output of this photoelectric encoder is connected with the input of DSP control chip.
The digital I/O interface of gear signal, brake signal and astern signal lamp access DSP.In order to avoid IPM module is to the interference of DSP, adopt light-coupled isolation measure at DSP and IPM intermodule.In addition, in order to realize the data communication of man-machine communication and controller and system miscellaneous equipment, CAN controller in DSP, is configured with.
Photoelectric encoder comprises grating disc, photoelectric sensor and LED, and the main shaft of motor is provided with grating disc, and its main operational principle is, when grating disc rotates with electric machine main shaft, when the light that LED sends is blocked by grating disc, photoelectric sensor will output logic 0, namely low level; When the hole on LED light light transmission grid dish is received by photoelectric sensor, photoelectric sensor is with regard to output logic 1, namely high level.Therefore by counting the umber of pulse of continuous level height switching just by calculating the current rotating speed of motor.Task manager in DSP has quadrate encode module can realize the function of step-by-step counting.
Last it is noted that the foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, although with reference to previous embodiment to invention has been detailed description, for a person skilled in the art, it still can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or carries out equivalent replacement to wherein portion of techniques feature.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. an asynchronous machine electric automobile control device, it is characterized in that, comprise DSP control chip, main circuit switch K1, contactor K2, pre-charge resistance R1, voltage detecting circuit, filter capacitor C1, Absorption Capacitance C2, IPM module, batteries, low-pass filter circuit and photoelectric encoder, described main circuit switch K1, the series circuit that contactor K2 and filter capacitor C1 forms is connected in parallel on the two ends of batteries, the input of described low-pass filter circuit is connected with the negative pole of batteries, the output of low-pass filter circuit is connected with the input of DSP control chip, described voltage detecting circuit is connected in parallel on the two ends of filter capacitor C1, and Absorption Capacitance C2 is connected in parallel on the two ends of filter capacitor C1, described pre-charge resistance R1 is connected in parallel on the two ends of contactor K2, the two ends of described Absorption Capacitance C2 connect respectively at the input of IPM module, the output of described IPM module is connected with motor, described motor arranges photoelectric encoder, the output of this photoelectric encoder is connected with the input of DSP control chip, described photoelectric encoder comprises grating disc, photoelectric sensor and LED, and the main shaft of motor is provided with grating disc, when grating disc rotates with electric machine main shaft, when the light that LED sends is blocked by grating disc, and photoelectric sensor output logic 0, namely low level, when LED light is received by photoelectric sensor through the hole on grating disc, photoelectric sensor is with regard to output logic 1, namely high level.
CN201410761745.XA 2014-12-12 2014-12-12 Asynchronous motor electric vehicle control device Pending CN104539216A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN104539216A true CN104539216A (en) 2015-04-22

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108809172A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-11-13 苏州沸迩灵精密制造有限公司 A kind of servo motor driving circuit for receiver

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5521788A (en) * 1992-10-23 1996-05-28 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electric vehicle control device
US20110204831A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-25 Hitachi, Ltd. Drive device for alternating current motor and electric motor vehicle
CN102195560A (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-21 通用汽车环球科技运作有限责任公司 Systems and methods for monitoring current in an electric motor

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5521788A (en) * 1992-10-23 1996-05-28 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electric vehicle control device
US20110204831A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-25 Hitachi, Ltd. Drive device for alternating current motor and electric motor vehicle
CN102195560A (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-21 通用汽车环球科技运作有限责任公司 Systems and methods for monitoring current in an electric motor

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张群: "基于异步电机电动汽车控制器研究", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108809172A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-11-13 苏州沸迩灵精密制造有限公司 A kind of servo motor driving circuit for receiver

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