CN104529565B - A kind of device for producing amino acid mixed liquor, amino acid mixed liquor and its application - Google Patents

A kind of device for producing amino acid mixed liquor, amino acid mixed liquor and its application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104529565B
CN104529565B CN201410851213.5A CN201410851213A CN104529565B CN 104529565 B CN104529565 B CN 104529565B CN 201410851213 A CN201410851213 A CN 201410851213A CN 104529565 B CN104529565 B CN 104529565B
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pulverizer
degreasing
reactor
amino acid
mixed liquor
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CN104529565A (en
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胡九洲
孟三宏
刘海涛
唐毓杰
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HUNAN RANSUN BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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HUNAN RANSUN BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of equipment for producing amino acid mixed liquor, the application of the amino acid mixed liquor and amino acid mixed liquor that are produced using the equipment.Equipment of the present invention is enclosed construction, strand cutter-type disintegrating machine, degreasing system boiling vessel, secondary pulverizer, reactor, holding vessel, the filter being sequentially connected using control valve from top to bottom;Automatic oil pumping pump valve is provided with the degreasing system boiling vessel, charging aperture is provided with the secondary pulverizer, temperature controller is provided with the reactor.Amino acid mixed liquor, chelated microelement, NPK nutrients and potassium sorbate are sufficiently stirred for mixing and obtain final product high activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer, very, every index of quality reaches or is higher by the standard of Ministry of Agriculture NY525 2012 and NY1429 2010 to the high activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer worm's ovum death rate of the invention.

Description

A kind of device for producing amino acid mixed liquor, amino acid mixed liquor and its application
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental improvement and agriculture microbe application field, more particularly to a kind of amino acid mixed liquor that produces Device, amino acid mixed liquor and its application
Background technology
Currently, animal health and animal food safety problem have breached industrial economy field in traditional sense, turn into Influence social stability and the significant problem of economic development.In Field of Animal Epidemic Disease Control the most distinct issues be animals died of illness corpse without Method is centrally disposed and harmless treatment, and then have impact on the sustainable development of animal husbandry, causes a series of public health Problem.In particular with the increase of animal epidemic species, control and prevention of disease difficulty is increasing, and livestock and poultry phenomenon of dying of illness happens occasionally. If dead livestock and poultry specification can not be disposed in time, the propagation and diffusion of great animal epidemic is easily caused to spread, not only to herding Industry production causes great threat, and will also result in serious harm to Safety of Livestock Products ' Quality.Therefore, to dying of illness, dysoemia Harmless treatment work is carried out with dye epidemic disease livestock and poultry and products thereof to be particularly important.
Harmless treatment can thoroughly not directly contribute environmental pollution, also leave hidden danger to animal epidemic Spreading and diffusion.It is individual Other peasant household and illegal retailer escape the harmless treatment of animals died of illness for itself economic interests, or even secretly by animals died of illness Butcher listing or to undersell to illegal retailer, serious harm is caused to public health security.Animals died of illness can not be located in time Put, cause the generation of great animal epidemic and propagate, serious restriction animal husbandry healthy and sustainable development, production and trade to livestock products Devastating impact is also easy to produce, and then to social life, economic order so that political situation can all produce serious impact.
There is raiser's harmless treatment consciousness in current innocent treatment procedure not strong, lack harmless treatment knowledge, Lack fixed point harmless treatment place and corresponding establishment, harmless treatment funds cannot be ensured, innoxious process for treating personnel Quality is uneven, and innoxious process for treating is undermanned, particularly processes animals died of illness high expensive and is deficient in resources again simultaneously Change the problems such as comprehensive utilization introduction.
Therefore government should strengthen harmless treatment and comprehensive utilization of resources work propulsion dynamics, and guiding enterprise strengthens harmless Change treatment facility construction, particularly to strengthen implementing for harmless treatment and comprehensive utilization of resources funds.
Found through retrieval, the application for a patent for invention of Publication No. 103396181A discloses the production life of one kind dead livestock and poultry The method of organic fertilizer, with dead livestock and poultry as primary raw material, by being transported to of raw material field processed, concentration is deposited in raw material area;With rubbing Machine carries out cutting rubbing treatment to raw material;In the material for rubbing, addition functional living being fermenting agent is softened;After softening Material is sent to thermophilic digestion equipment and carries out high-temperature process, is made coarse fodder;Coarse fodder is delivered to the mixer that stir-fries to be stir-fried;Stir-fry Material afterwards is by output oil, the dregs of fat and meat meal tankage semi-finished product after oily osteodiastasis machine;Biological organic fertilizer production process includes pre- place Reason;It is quenched;Inoculation;Fermentation;Drying and dehydrating;Crush and screen.The present invention by dead livestock and poultry corpse, animal processing waste, through height It is changed into the biological organic fertilizer of safe and high quality after warm boiling and the step harmless treatment of high-temperature aerobic fermentation two, handling process is simple, Low cost, does not produce secondary pollution, can effectively eliminate pollution of the dead livestock and poultry to environment, can also obtain the biology of safe and high quality Organic fertilizer.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of device for producing amino acid mixed liquor, amino acid mixed liquor and its application.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, specifically adopt the following technical scheme that:
A kind of device for producing amino acid mixed liquor, described device is enclosed construction, from top to bottom using control valve Disintegrating machine, degreasing system boiling vessel, secondary pulverizer, reactor, holding vessel, the filter that door is sequentially connected are (i.e. from top to bottom Twist cutter-type disintegrating machine and control valve to be connected with degreasing system boiling vessel by twisting cutter-type disintegrating machine, degreasing system boiling vessel passes through Degreasing system boiling vessel control valve is connected with secondary pulverizer, and secondary pulverizer controls valve to connect with reactor by secondary pulverizer Connect, reactor controls valve to be connected with holding vessel by reactor);Automatic oil suction pump is provided with the degreasing system boiling vessel Valve, charging aperture is provided with the secondary pulverizer, and temperature controller is provided with the reactor.
Preferably, one end connection lift of cutting knife disintegrating machine, preferably bucket type lifting are twisted described in the said equipment Machine.
Specifically, the power 7.5kw for twisting cutter-type disintegrating machine, three-phase, 380v, 50hz, speed reducing ratio 1400:1.
The separating twice acc power 15kw, three-phase, 380v, 50hz.
The reactor is the tubular swinging coupled structure of double-deck inwall enamel, can using steam heating or electrical heating or Steam, electric dual-purpose type heating, it is preferable that controller uses intelligent digital control instrument, there is provided to being reacted in motor speed, kettle The data acquisition of temperature and pressure etc. and control.
The installation area of the production amino acid mixed liquor that the present invention is provided is small, and space availability ratio is high, can be according to reality The device that situation arbitrarily prepares large, medium and small type is integrated.
Present invention also offers a kind of preparation method of amino acid mixed liquor, following steps are specifically included:
1) livestock and poultry corpse is processed into the fritter of 0.1~0.3kg in disintegrating machine;
2) open strand cutter-type disintegrating machine control valve and the piece material after treatment is put into degreasing system boiling vessel, be passed through steaming Vapour boils 4~6h, and after natural cooling, operation automatic oil pumping pump valve extraction goes out grease;
3) valve being controlled by step 2 by degreasing system boiling vessel) products obtained therefrom is put into secondary pulverizer, is ground into 70~90 Mesh, is cooled to 50~60 DEG C, then adds mixed accessories by charging aperture, obtains degreasing mixture, the mixed accessories and livestock and poultry The part by weight of corpse is 0.9~1.1:0.7~1.3, the mixed accessories include the thermophilic microbial inoculums of TB and cavings, by weight, TB is thermophilic microbial inoculum:Cavings=3~7:90~100;
4) open secondary pulverizer control valve and degreasing mixture is put into reactor, added by the charging aperture of secondary pulverizer Enter water and rinse secondary pulverizer, the addition of water is 3~5 with the weight ratio of degreasing mixture:1, after rinsing secondary pulverizer Water is put into reactor, then temperature be 50-60 DEG C (by temperature controller control), pH value be 6.5~7.0 under conditions of given birth to Thing is digested, and when enzymolysis protein content (being defined by the content value for determining protein hydrolysate) reaches 35%~45%, stops reaction;
5) control valve to put the liquid material of enzymolysis into holding vessel by reactor, after standing 6~12h, extract supernatant used Filter is filtered, and gained filtrate is amino acid mixed liquor.
Specifically, in step (1) concrete technology be motor rotate forward 8~12min, stop 1~3min, then invert 3~ 7min, stops 1~3min, then rotates forward again, moves in circles according to this, and rotating speed is 1~2rpm.
Preferably, motor rotates forward 10min, stops 2min, then inverts 5min, stops 2min, then rotates forward again, follows according to this Ring is reciprocal, and speed reducing ratio is 1400:1, rotating speed is 1rpm.
The temperature of step (2) described steam is 250~350 DEG C.
The grease that step (2) is extracted out can be processed into gelatine or iundustrial oil.
The purpose that thermophilic microbial inoculum is added in step (3) is its biological glycolysis under higher temperature environment is smoothed out, The thermophilic microbial inoculum is the conventional selection of this area, for example, can select trichoderma harzianum mixed with what beer bacterium prepared according to a conventional method Microbial inoculum is closed, the living bacteria count of every gram of microbial inoculum is not less than 200,000,000, and the present invention is not particularly limited to this.
Step (4) mixing speed is 20~150r/min, and enzymolysis time is 6~12h.
If when pH value is not in the range of 6.5~7.0, can be carried out by charging aperture addition pH adjusting agent in step (4) Regulation, the pH adjusting agent is the conventional selection of art technology, for example, can select sulfuric acid or potassium hydroxide etc., and the present invention is to this It is not particularly limited.
Step (5) gained sediment, filter residue can conventionally (through biological glycolysis, ageing, dressing sieve, detection, bag Dress) production organic fertilizer.
Utilization sick dead pig of the invention, livestock and poultry corpse harmless treatment production amino acid mixed liquor, whole processing procedure is all Material transferring between an integrated interior completion of tower device of closing, processing system in each container is all straight by control valve Lead in succession, nothing is leaked, dirt is raised, and its ambient air quality meets Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection of People's Republic of China (PRC) GB3095-2012 surrounding airs Quality standard, has prevented the possibility of secondary pollution and epidemic disease secondary infection at all, realizes to sick dead pig, the thorough nothing of livestock and poultry corpse Evilization treatment.
Utilization sick dead pig of the invention, livestock and poultry corpse harmless treatment production amino acid mixed liquor, only need disposable by thing Material lifting feeding, then crushed successively, degreasing, separating twice, reactor biology glycolysis, precipitation filtering, whole process one Gas is breathed out into, very convenient, simple to operate, and labour cost and running cost are substantially reduced.
Amino acid mixed liquor and its application that technical scheme is also prepared using the above method.
Specifically, the invention provides the high activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer prepared using amino acid mixed liquor, by weight Amount part, including 700~900 parts of amino acid mixed liquor, 98~100 parts of chelated microelement, NPK nutrient (n p k nutritions Element) 95~105 parts, 0.8~1.2 part of potassium sorbate.
The preparation method of above-mentioned amino-acid liquid fertilizer be by amino acid mixed liquor, chelated microelement, NPK nutrients and Potassium sorbate is sufficiently stirred for mixing and obtains final product high activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer.
Very, every index of quality reaches or is higher by agriculture to the high activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer worm's ovum death rate of the invention The standard of industry portion NY525-2012 and NY1429-2010, the activity substance content that can be directly absorbed by crop is high, fertilizer efficiency Good, using gelatine or iundustrial oil is processed into, environmental benefit and economic benefit are fairly obvious, are disease for the oil resourceization after degreasing Dead pig, livestock and poultry corpse carries out harmless treatment and comprehensive utilization of resources opens new way and levies.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the device for producing amino acid mixed liquor.
In figure:1st, lift;2nd, cutter-type disintegrating machine is twisted;3rd, degreasing system boiling vessel;4th, secondary pulverizer;5th, react Kettle;6th, holding vessel;7th, filter;9th, automatic oil pumping pump valve;10th, charging aperture;13rd, temperature controller;14th, the control of cutter-type disintegrating machine is twisted Valve;15th, degreasing system boiling vessel control valve;16th, secondary pulverizer control valve;17th, reactor control valve.
Specific embodiment
Following examples are used to illustrate the present invention, but are not limited to the scope of the present invention.
In a specific embodiment, the device of specifically used production amino acid mixed liquor is as shown in figure 1, described device is Enclosed construction, it is the strand cutter-type disintegrating machine being sequentially connected using control valve from top to bottom, degreasing system boiling vessel, secondary Pulverizer, reactor, holding vessel, filter (that is, twist cutter-type disintegrating machine 2 to be controlled by twisting cutter-type disintegrating machine from top to bottom Valve 14 is connected with degreasing system boiling vessel 3, and degreasing system boiling vessel 3 controls valve 15 and separating twice by degreasing system boiling vessel Machine 4 is connected, and secondary pulverizer 4 controls valve 16 to be connected with reactor 6 by secondary pulverizer, and reactor 6 is by reactor control Valve 17 is connected with holding vessel 6);Automatic oil pumping pump valve 9 is provided with the degreasing system boiling vessel 3, in the secondary pulverizer 4 Charging aperture 10 is provided with, temperature controller 13 is provided with the reactor 5;One end connection lift for twisting cutting knife disintegrating machine 2 1。
Twist the broken acc power 7.5kw of cutter-type, three-phase, 380v, 50hz, speed reducing ratio 1400:1, rotating speed 1rpm.
Separating twice acc power 15kw, three-phase, 380v, 50hz.
Reactor is the tubular swinging coupled structure of double-deck inwall enamel.
Embodiment 1
The method for producing amino acid mixed liquor using the equipment of Fig. 1, specifically includes following steps:
1) by sick dead pig by bucket type elevator send into twist cutter-type disintegrating machine in, Seal treatment is small into about 0.1kg's Block.Operating and setting:Motor rotates forward 10min, stops 2min, then inverts 5min, stops 2min, then rotates forward again, circulates according to this Back and forth;
2) open strand cutter-type disintegrating machine control valve and the piece material after treatment is put into degreasing system boiling vessel, be passed through steaming Vapour boils 4h, allows after its natural cooling, and operation automatic oil pumping pump valve extraction goes out grease;
3) valve being controlled by material step 2 by degreasing system boiling vessel) products obtained therefrom is put into secondary pulverizer, is ground into 80 Mesh size, is cooled to 50~60 DEG C, then adds mixed accessories by charging aperture, obtains degreasing mixture, the mixed accessories with The part by weight of livestock and poultry corpse is 0.9:1.0, the mixed accessories include thermophilic microbial inoculum and cavings, by weight, thermophilic microbial inoculum: Cavings=3:100;
4) open secondary pulverizer control valve and degreasing mixture is put into reactor, added by the charging aperture of secondary pulverizer Enter water and rinse secondary pulverizer, the addition of water is 3 with the weight ratio of degreasing mixture:1, the water rinsed after secondary pulverizer is put Enter reactor, temperature is then controlled for 50 DEG C by temperature controller, biological enzymolysis, mixing speed are carried out under the conditions of being 6.5 in pH value It is 50r/min, when enzymolysis protein content reaches 35%, stops reaction;
5) control valve to put the liquid material of enzymolysis into holding vessel by reactor, after standing 6h, extract supernatant liquid filtering, gained Filtrate is amino acid mixed liquor.
By 700~900 parts of amino acid mixed liquor, 98~100 parts of chelated microelement, 95~105 parts of NPK nutrients, 0.8~1.2 part of potassium sorbate is sufficiently stirred for mixing and obtains final product high activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer.
After testing, its free aminoacid content > 100g/L, water-insoluble < 50g/L, ph value 6.7, meets the Ministry of Agriculture NY1429-2010 standards.
Embodiment 2
The method for producing amino acid mixed liquor using the equipment of Fig. 1, specifically includes following steps:
1) sick dead pig is sent into by bucket type elevator and twists cutter-type disintegrating machine, fritter of the Seal treatment into about 0.2kg. Operating and setting:Motor rotates forward 10min, stops 2min, then inverts 5min, stops 2min, then rotates forward again, circulates according to this past It is multiple;
2) open strand cutter-type disintegrating machine control valve and put the piece material after treatment into degreasing system boiling vessel, be passed through steaming Vapour boils 5h, allows after its natural cooling, and operation automatic oil pumping pump valve extraction goes out grease;
3) valve being controlled by step 2 by degreasing system boiling vessel) products obtained therefrom is put into secondary pulverizer, is ground into 70~90 Mesh, is cooled to 50~60 DEG C, then adds mixed accessories by charging aperture, obtains degreasing mixture, the mixed accessories and livestock and poultry The part by weight of corpse is 1.1:1.3, the mixed accessories include thermophilic microbial inoculum and cavings, by weight, thermophilic microbial inoculum:Cavings =7:100;
4) unlatching secondary pulverizer control valve will crush the material for mixing and be put into reactor, by the charging of secondary pulverizer Mouth adds water to rinse secondary pulverizer, and the addition of water is 4 with the weight ratio of degreasing mixture:1, after rinsing secondary pulverizer Water is put into reactor, then controls temperature for 55 DEG C by temperature controller, and biological enzymolysis are carried out under conditions of being 6.5 in pH value, stirs Speed is mixed for 100r/min, when enzymolysis protein content reaches 35%, stops reaction;
5) control valve to put the liquid material of enzymolysis into holding vessel by reactor, after standing 10h, extract supernatant filter Filtered, gained filtrate is amino acid mixed liquor.
By 700~900 parts of amino acid mixed liquor, 98~100 parts of chelated microelement, 95~105 parts of NPK nutrients, 0.8~1.2 part of potassium sorbate is sufficiently stirred for mixing and obtains final product high activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer.
After testing, its free aminoacid content > 100g/L, water-insoluble < 50g/L, ph value 6.7, meets the Ministry of Agriculture NY1429-2010 standards.
Embodiment 3
The method for producing amino acid mixed liquor using the equipment of Fig. 1, specifically includes following steps:
1) sick dead pig is sent into by bucket type elevator and twists cutter-type disintegrating machine, fritter of the Seal treatment into about 0.3kg. Operating and setting:Motor rotates forward 10min, stops 2min, then inverts 5min, stops 2min, then rotates forward again, circulates according to this past It is multiple;
2) open strand cutter-type disintegrating machine control valve and put the piece material after treatment into degreasing system boiling vessel, be passed through steaming Vapour boils 6h, allows after its natural cooling, and operation automatic oil pumping pump valve extraction goes out grease;
3) valve being controlled by step 2 by degreasing system boiling vessel) products obtained therefrom is put into secondary pulverizer, is ground into 70~90 Mesh, is cooled to 50~60 DEG C, then adds mixed accessories by charging aperture, obtains degreasing mixture, the mixed accessories and livestock and poultry The part by weight of corpse is 1:1, the mixed accessories include thermophilic microbial inoculum and cavings, by weight, thermophilic microbial inoculum:Cavings=5: 90;
4) open separating twice system control valve goalkeeper's degreasing mixture and be put into reactor, by the charging of secondary pulverizer Mouth adds water to rinse secondary pulverizer, and the addition of water is 5 with the weight ratio of degreasing mixture:1, after rinsing secondary pulverizer Water is put into reactor, then controls temperature for 60 DEG C by temperature controller, and biological enzymolysis are carried out under conditions of being 7.0 in pH value, stirs Speed is mixed for 150r/min, when enzymolysis protein content reaches 45%, stops reaction;
5) holding vessel into is put the liquid material of enzymolysis by reactor control valve, after standing 12h, extracts supernatant filtering Device is filtered, and gained filtrate is amino acid mixed liquor.
By 700~900 parts of amino acid mixed liquor, 98~100 parts of chelated microelement, 95~105 parts of NPK nutrients, 0.8~1.2 part of potassium sorbate is sufficiently stirred for mixing and obtains final product high activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer.
After testing, its free aminoacid content > 100g/L, water-insoluble < 50g/L, ph value 6.7, meets the Ministry of Agriculture NY1429-2010 standards.
Test example 1:Line balancing rate of the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity on soybean
1 materials and methods
1.1 materials to be tested
The fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of experimental example of the present invention 1, free aminoacid content > 100g/L, water-insoluble < 50g/L, ph value 6.7;Diammonium phosphate (DAP), potassium chloride are bought in market.
Hunan spring beans 21 are provided by Hu-nan's agriculture Room grain and oil, time of infertility 95d~110d, and mid-July is ripe.
1.2 experimental designs
1.2.1 test site:Qiyang County Gong Jiaping towns Xiang Tangpu villages Li Hui farmlands covered by contract, academy of agricultural sciences of Hunan Province drought section tested by Demonstration field.
1.2.2 experimental field basic condition
Qiyang County Gong Jiaping towns Xiang Tangpu villages Li Hui farmland covered by contract soil types belongs to red soil, the content of organic matter 3.23%, speed Oxygen 159.6ppm, fast phosphorus 26.3ppm, fast potassium 179.6ppm;The tested demonstration field soil types of drought section of academy of agricultural sciences of Hunan Province belongs to red Loam, the content of organic matter 3.21%, fast oxygen 158.9ppm, fast phosphorus 26.1ppm, fast potassium 178.8ppm.
1.2.3 experiment uses cell contrast test method, plot area 50m2, three are processed, and three repetitions are arranged immediately Row.
1.2.4 each treatment is tested all while applying two ammonium 150kg/hm2, potassium chloride 75kg/hm2On basis, redesign is such as Lower treatment:
Treatment 1:By the high activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer 450ml/hm of experimental example 12300-400kg is watered, in initial bloom stage, drum The grain phase is uniformly sprayed on soybean blade face;
Treatment 2:The same period sprays clear water;
Treatment 3:Blank.
2 interpretations of result
Influence of the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of 2.1 embodiment of the present invention 1 to Soybean Growth Characters process
Treatment 1 is identical compared with 3 (control) seeding stages for the treatment of, and florescence shifts to an earlier date 2 days, and podding duration shifts to an earlier date 3 days, and the maturity period shifts to an earlier date 3 My god.2 (spray clear water) for the treatment of relatively 3 (control) breeding times for the treatment of do not have difference (being shown in Table 1).
1 phenological period of table application form (unit:The moon/day)
" 2 points average " refers in " Qiyang County Gong Jiaping towns Xiang Tangpu villages Li Hui farmlands covered by contract " and " drought section of academy of agricultural sciences of Hunan Province The average result of tested demonstration field ".
Influence of the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of 2.2 embodiment of the present invention 1 to soybean yields
2.2.1 Qiyang County Gong Jiaping towns Xiang Tangpu villages Li Hui farmlands covered by contract
(1) species test after autumn, often treatment selects at 5 points at random, and every takes 5 plants, and plant height, pod number, grain number are averaged, and refer to table 2.
The soybean species test table of table 2
(2) variance analysis
The variance analysis of table 3
Note:Look into T tables:N=4, T0.05=2.78, T0.01=4.6, SX1-X2=0.87;So:5%L.S.D= T0.05SX1-X2=2.4,1%L.S.D=T0.01SX1-X2=4.0.
(3) average product to individual treatment carries out Multiple range test, is shown in Table 4.
Yield comparison (the unit of table 4:kg/hm2)
(4) Qiyang County Gong Jiaping towns Xiang Tangpu villages Li Hui farmlands covered by contract, Analysis of variance:Treatment 1 is than treatment 3 (controls) volume increase Soybean 181.5kg/hm2, rate of growth 8.48%, difference is extremely notable.2 (spray clear water) for the treatment of are than treatment 3 (controls) volume increase soybean 18kg/hm2, rate of growth 0.88%, difference is not notable.
2.2.2 the tested demonstration field of academy of agricultural sciences of Hunan Province drought section
(1) species test after autumn, refers to table 5.
The soybean species test table of table 5
(2) variance analysis
The variance analysis of table 6
Note:Look into T tables:N=4, T0.05=2.78, SX1-X2=0.84;So:5%L.S.D=T0.05SX1-X2= 2.3,1%L.S.D=T0.01 SX1-X2=3.9.
(3) average product to individual treatment carries out Multiple range test, is shown in Table 7.
The experimental yield of table 7 compares (unit:kg/hm2)
(4) the tested demonstration field of academy of agricultural sciences of Hunan Province drought section, Analysis of variance:Treatment 1 is than treatment 3 (controls) volume increase soybean 193.5kg/hm2, rate of growth 9.53%, difference is extremely notable.2 (spray clear water) for the treatment of are than treatment 3 (controls) volume increase soybean 19.5kg/ hm2, rate of growth 0.93%, difference is not notable.
3 conclusions
Test result analysis show:Soybean is using the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of the embodiment of the present invention 1 in two examinations Treatment 1 is shown in the experiment for testing place than 3 (controls) for the treatment of averagely volume increase soybean 187.5kg/hm2, rate of growth 9.0% is poor Heteropole is notable.
Test example 2:Line balancing rate of the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity on sugarcane
1 materials and methods
1.1 test materials
1.1.1 test site in the test site of academy of agricultural sciences of Hunan Province high bridge base, relatively put down, red soil by arable land, and quality is glued, preceding Make sugarcane, irrigation condition is good.
1.1.2 amino-acid liquid containing high activity is fertile:The fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of the embodiment of the present invention 2, free ammonia Base acid content > 100g/L, water-insoluble < 50g/L, ph value 6.7;It is Guitang21 for examination sugar cane breed.
1.2 test process
It is watered with the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity and is made into 300 times of dilutions, by the different designs in the period that sprays into following 4 Individual treatment:
Treatment 1:In sugarcane tillering stage foliage-spray 2 times, every 10d or so 1 time;
Treatment 2:In sugarcane elongation phase foliage-spray 2 times, every 10d or so 1 time;
Treatment 3:In the full growth period foliage-spray of sugarcane, tillering stage and elongation phase respectively spray 2 times, 4 times totally;
Control CK:Control, sprays clear water.
1.3 test methods
1.3.1 trial zone row 7.5m long, line-spacing 1.2m, every cell of 4 behavior one, plot area 36m2.Often process 3 weights It is multiple, random district's groups arrangement.Sugarcane kind is chopped to double bud sections, sterilized to be sowed after on March 12nd, 2013, and the bud of application rate 11.25 ten thousand/ hm2
1.3.2 the fertilizer dilution of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of the embodiment of the present invention 2 is sprayed with knapsack sprayer, tiller Phase sprays the 1st time on June 6, and the 2nd time on June 16;Jointing stage sprays the 1st time on July 3, and the 2nd time on July 15.Often It is degree that secondary foliage-spray liquid is sprayed onto blade and drips, and dilution consumption is about 900kg/hm2.Dilution is sprayed in each treatment While, compare (CK) and the corresponding clear water for spraying equivalent of other treatment.
1.3.3 chemical fertilizer is applied unanimously in field, and base manure applies 25% composite fertilizer (N:P2O5:K2O=9:8:8)750kg/hm2;Point Fetilizer for tillering applies 25% composite fertilizer (N:P2O5:K2O=12:6:7)375kg/hm2, earthed up in being combined after applying;Attack stem fertilizer apply 25% be combined Fertilizer (N:P2O5:K2O=12:6:7)750kg/hm2, urea 450kg/hm2, big ridging is combined after applying.Other management are given birth to crop field Produce.Harvest within 14 days 2014 months.
1.4 investigation, detection project
1.4.1 quality is detected:In November to the January in sugarcane maturity period, sampling send Ministry of Agriculture's sugarcane quality supervision inspection to survey Sugarcane quality is detected 2 times in examination center (Nanning);
1.4.2 yield is checked and accepted:Investigation sugarcane plant height, stem diameter, productive tiller Isoquant proterties before harvesting, harvest time check and accept cell Yield.Method is routinely carried out.
1.5 data statistic analysis
Carrying out data processing, DPS7.55 using Excel2003 carries out variance analysis.
2 test results and analysis
2.1 respectively process the influence to sugarcane yield proterties and cane yield
The different soil fertility qualities of amino-acid liquid containing high activity are different (being shown in Table 1) to the influence degree of yield traits, treatment 1, The influence that treatment 2, treatment 3 are respectively processed to stem length is little, and difference is not obvious between compareing (CK) with spray clear water;Amino containing high activity Sour Liquid Fertilizer can increase the stem diameter of sugarcane, and different disposal is slightly thicker than control spray clear water (CK), but difference is little between treatment;Contain High activity amino-acid liquid fertilizer improves the number of productive tiller of sugarcane, wherein improving larger to process 2, other periods are sprayed than control Spray clear water (CK) is slightly improved, but difference is not obvious.Cane yield, the treatment of different times is obviously higher than control, growth rate Respectively 3.5%, 4.7% and 2.6%.Yield height is ordered as:Process 2 > and process 1 > treatment 3 > controls CK.New multipole Difference measurement result, treatment 2 with compare the volume variance of CK up to 5% level of signifiance, other process between volume variance it is not notable.By Upper to understand, sugarcane sprays the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity can increase cane yield, but be not that the number of times for spraying is The more the better, and It is that to spray the effect of 2 times preferable to extend the phase.
The sugarcane yield proterties of table 1 and cane yield compare
Note:Different small English alphabets represent difference up to 5% level of signifiance in same column in table.
2.2 respectively process the influence to sugarcane quality and sugar content
Sugarcane Quality Detection result understands twice, and the cane sucrose in November and January next year point is full growth period and sprays i.e. Treatment 3 is highest, next to that the elongation phase sprays treatment 2, then sprays treatment 1 to tillering stage, and spray clear water (CK) compares minimum;Same CK Compare, treatment 3, treatment 2, treatment 1 average cane sucrose point increase by 2.03% (absolute value, similarly hereinafter), 1.65% and respectively 1.32%;The sugarcane juice gravity purity of each treatment is obviously higher than control CK, the order of height and the order base of cane sucrose point This is identical;Reduced sugar is then considerably less than control CK, and how many sequences just divide the sequence of height opposite with cane sucrose;Per hectare Sugar content order from high to low be that 3 > for the treatment of process 2 > and process 1 > control CK, with the height of average cane sucrose point into Positive correlation;Compared with CK is compareed, the sugar content difference of each treatment has all reached 1% level of signifiance.Result above shows, sweet Sugarcane sprays the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity can improve sugarcane sugarcane juice quality, significantly increase cane sucrose point, show as spray The sugared effect of the more increasings of number of times is better (being shown in Table 2).
2.3 each treatment Economic and Efficiency Analysis
The sugarcane quality of table 2 and sugar content compare
Note:Different capitalization English letters represent difference up to 1% level of signifiance in same column in table.
By 600 yuan/t of this sugarcane district sugar refinery raw material sugarcane procurement price RMB, the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity 100 then Unit/kg, 50 yuan/work day of labour cost, each foliage-spray fertilizer application amount 3.0kg/hm2, 5/hm of recruitment2, sugar recovery 85%, 6000 yuan/t of white sugar sale price is counted, and economic benefit (being shown in Table 3) analysis result of each treatment shows:The agriculture value for the treatment of 2 is best, Secondly it is treatment 1, treatment 3 is poorer than control;Each treatment industrial output value significantly beyond compare CK, wherein to process 3 output values Highest, secondly for treatment 2, then to treatment 1;The gross output value of each treatment is all apparently higher than control CK, the output value from high to low suitable Sequence processes 1 > controls CK for 2 > for the treatment of process 3 >.As can be seen here, sugarcane applies amino containing high activity in elongation phase spray i.e. treatment 2 The better economic benefit of sour Liquid Fertilizer.
The economic benefits comparison of table 3
3 brief summaries and discussion
3.1 is that treatment 1 is increased slightly with (CK) ratio, cane yield is compareed in sugarcane tillering stage foliage-spray, amplification 3.5%, difference is not notable;Sugarcane quality makes moderate progress, and average cane sucrose point increases by 1.32% (absolute value, similarly hereinafter), per public Hectare sugar content increases by 14.2%, and difference is extremely notable.
3.2 is that treatment 2 is compared with control (CK) in sugarcane elongation phase foliage-spray, and cane yield increases by 4.7%, and difference shows Write;Sugarcane quality is improved, and average cane sucrose point increases by 1.65%, and hectare sucrose content increases by 18.1%, and difference is extremely notable; Agriculture value increases by 0.17 ten thousand yuan/hm2, industrial output value increases by 1.19 ten thousand yuan/hm2, the gross output value increases by 1.31 ten thousand yuan/hm2
3.3 is that treatment 3 is compared with control (CK) in the full growth period foliage-spray of sugarcane, and cane yield increases by 2.6%, and difference is not Significantly;Sugarcane quality has greatly improved, and average cane sucrose point increases by 2.03%, and hectare sucrose content increases by 18.5%, difference It is extremely notable;Agriculture value reduces by 0.07 ten thousand yuan/hm2, industrial output value increases by 1.23 ten thousand yuan/hm2, the gross output value increase by 1.12 ten thousand yuan/ hm2;Compare with treatment (1,2), cane yield is minimum, and difference is not notable;Preferably, average cane sucrose point and hectare contain sugarcane quality Sugar amount highest, difference is not notable;Agriculture value is poor, and preferably, the gross output value belongs to medium to industrial output value.
In sum, the 300 times of dilutions of fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity are sprayed in the sugarcane production phase, sugarcane stem product can be improved Amount, improves sugarcane juice quality, increases economic benefit.
Test example 3:Application test of the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity in Rice Production
The basic condition of 1 experiment
1.1 for examination place and edaphic condition
In Yue Long villages of Xin Kang townshiies of Changsha Wangcheng area, soil is sand mud field, organic matter, alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, rapid available phosphorus to test arrangement 24.2g/kg, 105mg/kg, 14.8mg/kg and 96mg/kg, pH value are respectively with quick-acting potassium content>6.7, soil fertility is medium.
1.2 for studying thing for double cropping late rice, and kind is by Agricultural University Of Hunan for excellent 636 paddy rice of H (rice 2011033 is examined in Hunan) With the late hybrid rice of Hengyang City's Institute of agricultural sciences seed selection.
1.3 fertilizer products of amino-acid liquid containing high activity for supplying the examination fertilizer embodiment of the present invention 3.
1.4 experimental designs
1.4.1 3 treatment of experimental design, each 3 repetition for the treatment of, random district's groups arrangement, plot area 20m2, minizone If protection row.
Treatment 1:The fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of local habits fertilization+foliage-spray embodiment of the present invention 3;
Treatment 2:Local habits fertilization+foliage-spray and 1 equivalent grade clear water for the treatment of;
Treatment 3:Local habits fertilization, spray fertilizer is not sprayed water on blade face.
1.4.2 implementation is tested:Treatment 1 is real respectively at jointing stage, booting later stage and pustulation period the foliage-spray present invention The amino-acid liquid containing high activity for applying example 3 is fertile 3 times.Take this product stoste 300mL/hm every time2To water 675kg/hm2Dilution mix into Row foliage-spray;Time, number of times and the water consumption that clear water is sprayed in treatment 2 are identical with treatment 1.
1.4.3 process of the test, the smooth field of on June 25th, 2013 and basal dressing, apply 45% Guangdong welfare dragon composite fertilizer 300kg/hm2;On June 28 on live July 5 applies tillering stage dressing urea 150kg/hm2;25 jointing stage of August applies first time blade face Fertilizer;10 booting later stages of September apply second foliar fertilizer;20 pustulation period of September applies third time foliar fertilizer;Banded sclerotial blight, rice are indulged The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control such as leaf roll snout moth's larva and planthopper is basically identical with Production of Large Fields.
2 test results and analysis
Influence of 2.1 different disposals to Rice biology proterties is as it can be seen from table 11 plant height for the treatment of relatively processes 3 increasings 2.58%.Effective fringe for the treatment of 1 relatively processes 3 and increases 3.09%;Relatively treatment 3 increases respectively for the bear fruit grains for the treatment of 1 and mass of 1000 kernel 3.75% and 0.78%.
The different disposal Economic Character of Rice of table 1 investigates situation
2.2 learn from table 2, process the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing the high activity experimental plot of the 1 foliage-spray embodiment of the present invention 3 Real produce relatively 3 blade faces for the treatment of jetting liquid check plot do not increase 7.41%.
The paddy rice cell of table 2 produces result table (unit in fact:kg)
F inspections show that difference reaches pole significance between treatment, and difference is not notable between repeating;LSD method Multiple range tests are said Bright, difference reaches significance between treatment 1 and treatment 2, treatment 3;Difference is not notable (table 3,4) between treatment 2 and treatment 3.
The paddy rice cell of table 3 produces the results of analysis of variance in fact
The Economic and Efficiency Analysis of 2.3 different disposals, the fertilizer product of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of the embodiment of the present invention 3 is pressed 5.7 yuan/20mL, need 300mL/hm2, spray 300 yuan/hm2 of recruitment cost;Paddy rice (commodity) 2.2 yuan/kg is calculated.Can from table 5 Know, processing the fertilizer of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of the 1 foliage-spray embodiment of the present invention 3, experimental plot is pure compared with blank district increases income 686.8 yuan/hm2, amplification 5.3%.
The paddy rice of table 4 produces the result of multiple comparisons (LSD methods) in fact
3 results and discussion
The fertilizer product of amino-acid liquid containing the high activity effect of increasing production of 3.1 embodiment of the present invention 3 reaches the level of signifiance;Increase than control Produce 466.5kg/hm2, rate of growth is 7.41%, increases income 686.8 yuan/hm2, produce and throw than being 3:1.
The fertilizer product of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of 3.2 embodiment of the present invention 3 should be respectively at paddy rice jointing stage, booting later stage With pustulation period foliage-spray 3 times.Should make every effort to equably be sprayed at plant blade face during foliage-spray, with blade moistening do not drip for Preferably.
The fertilizer product of amino-acid liquid containing high activity of 3.3 embodiment of the present invention 3 is to Rice Production safety, process of the test reclaimed water There is no leaf color and move back the fertilizer damage symptoms such as green, plant is lopsided in rice, spread can be used on paddy rice.Note not with alkalization Fertilizer and combined use of pesticides, it is to avoid reduce fertilizer efficiency.
Although above the present invention is described in detail with a general description of the specific embodiments, On the basis of the present invention, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Cause This, these modifications or improvements, belong to the scope of protection of present invention without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of device for producing amino acid mixed liquor, it is characterised in that described device is enclosed construction, is cut by strand from top to bottom Blade disintegrating machine, degreasing system boiling vessel, secondary pulverizer, reactor, holding vessel, filter composition, wherein twist cutter-type breaking Broken machine controls valve to be connected with degreasing system boiling vessel by twisting cutter-type disintegrating machine, and degreasing system boiling vessel is steamed by degreasing system Boiler control valve is connected with secondary pulverizer, and secondary pulverizer controls valve to be connected with reactor by secondary pulverizer, reactor Control valve to be connected with holding vessel by reactor, automatic oil pumping pump valve is provided with the degreasing system boiling vessel, described two Secondary pulverizer is provided with charging aperture, and temperature controller is provided with the reactor;And in one end of the strand cutter-type disintegrating machine Connection lift;
Wherein, its workflow is as follows:
1) livestock and poultry corpse is processed into the fritter of 0.1~0.3kg in disintegrating machine;
2) open strand cutter-type disintegrating machine control valve and the piece material after treatment is put into degreasing system boiling vessel, be passed through steam and endure 4~6h of system, after natural cooling, operation automatic oil pumping pump valve extraction goes out grease;
3) valve being controlled by step 2 by degreasing system boiling vessel) products obtained therefrom is put into secondary pulverizer, is ground into 70~90 mesh, 50~60 DEG C are cooled to, mixed accessories are then added by charging aperture, obtain degreasing mixture, the mixed accessories and livestock and poultry corpse Part by weight be 0.9~1.1:0.7~1.3, the mixed accessories include thermophilic microbial inoculum and cavings, by weight, Thermophilic Bacteria Agent:Cavings=3~7:90~100;
4) open secondary pulverizer control valve and degreasing mixture is put into reactor, water is added by the charging aperture of secondary pulverizer Secondary pulverizer is rinsed, the addition of water is 3~5 with the weight ratio of degreasing mixture:1, the water rinsed after secondary pulverizer is put Enter reactor, then temperature be 50-60 DEG C, pH value be 6.5~7.0 under conditions of carry out biological enzymolysis, when enzymolysis protein contains When amount reaches 35%~45%, stop reaction;
5) control valve to put the liquid material of enzymolysis into holding vessel by reactor, after standing 6~12h, extract supernatant filter Filtered, gained filtrate is amino acid mixed liquor;
Wherein, the reactor is the tubular swinging coupled structure of double-deck inwall enamel, using steam heating or electrical heating or Steam, electric dual-purpose type heating;
The power 7.5kw for twisting cutter-type disintegrating machine, three-phase, 380v, 50hz, speed reducing ratio 1400:1;The secondary pulverizer Power 15kw, three-phase, 380v, 50hz.
2. the method that amino acid mixed liquor is prepared using the device of claim 1, in locking device, is comprised the following steps:
1) livestock and poultry corpse is processed into the fritter of 0.1~0.3kg in disintegrating machine;
2) open strand cutter-type disintegrating machine control valve and the piece material after treatment is put into degreasing system boiling vessel, be passed through steam and endure 4~6h of system, after natural cooling, operation automatic oil pumping pump valve extraction goes out grease;
3) valve being controlled by step 2 by degreasing system boiling vessel) products obtained therefrom is put into secondary pulverizer, is ground into 70~90 mesh, 50~60 DEG C are cooled to, mixed accessories are then added by charging aperture, obtain degreasing mixture, the mixed accessories and livestock and poultry corpse Part by weight be 0.9~1.1:0.7~1.3, the mixed accessories include thermophilic microbial inoculum and cavings, by weight, Thermophilic Bacteria Agent:Cavings=3~7:90~100;
4) open secondary pulverizer control valve and degreasing mixture is put into reactor, water is added by the charging aperture of secondary pulverizer Secondary pulverizer is rinsed, the addition of water is 3~5 with the weight ratio of degreasing mixture:1, the water rinsed after secondary pulverizer is put Enter reactor, then temperature be 50-60 DEG C, pH value be 6.5~7.0 under conditions of carry out biological enzymolysis, when enzymolysis protein contains When amount reaches 35%~45%, stop reaction;
5) control valve to put the liquid material of enzymolysis into holding vessel by reactor, after standing 6~12h, extract supernatant filter Filtered, gained filtrate is amino acid mixed liquor.
3. the method for production amino acid mixed liquor according to claim 2, it is characterised in that step 1) concrete technology is, Motor rotates forward 8~12min, stops 1~3min, then inverts 3~7min, stops 1~3min, then rotates forward again, circulates according to this Back and forth, rotating speed is 1~2rpm.
4. according to Claims 2 or 3 production amino acid mixed liquor method, it is characterised in that step 2) steam Temperature be 250~350 DEG C.
5. according to Claims 2 or 3 production amino acid mixed liquor method, it is characterised in that step 4) mixing speed It is 20~150r/min, enzymolysis time is 6~12h.
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