CN104527649B - A kind of railway is without marshalling yard's system of shunting - Google Patents

A kind of railway is without marshalling yard's system of shunting Download PDF

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CN104527649B
CN104527649B CN201510016876.XA CN201510016876A CN104527649B CN 104527649 B CN104527649 B CN 104527649B CN 201510016876 A CN201510016876 A CN 201510016876A CN 104527649 B CN104527649 B CN 104527649B
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yard
line
marshalling
rolling
ramp
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CN104527649A (en
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潘贡章
潘振华
陈慧
周榕
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潘贡章
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B1/00General arrangement of stations, platforms, or sidings; Railway networks; Rail vehicle marshalling systems
    • B61B1/005Rail vehicle marshalling systems; Rail freight terminals

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of railway without marshalling yard's system of shunting, it is drawn by the use of ramp as dynamic Control push-up speed and ramp, saves the switching locomotive operation of marshalling yard;The system is provided with counter-slope road, stopway and positive ramp, wherein, positive and negative track is arranged on stopway both sides, and vehicle enters stopway from counter-slope road, and stopway is sailed out of from positive ramp, is accelerated;Rail vehicle movement commons line is provided between main classification yard and positive ramp, the upper end of main classification yard is provided with goods yard and public line is used.Railway of the invention is without marshalling yard's system of shunting, transport with the various equipment in ground in ramp, regulation and control speed and parking, can both be organized into groups with shunting service through commons line, ramp power resource is put into railway transportation, it is possible to reduce substantial amounts of shunter and a part of traction locomotive, ramp transportation investment are few, operation cost is low, simple and convenient quick.

Description

A kind of railway is without marshalling yard's system of shunting
Technical field
The present invention relates to railway engineering field, more particularly to a kind of railway is without marshalling yard's system of shunting.
Background technology
The world today has completed marshaling yard full-automatic mechanical running, but, situation has also been proposed newly to marshalling yard Requirement --- energy-saving and emission-reduction;Chinese Railway develops, and the percentage for transporting goods total amount is reduced year by year.
The development of World Developed Countries marshalling yard be divided into flat shunting, simple non mechanized hump shunt, mechanized hump Shunt, full-automatic humping four-stage.Three great changes, without great between hereafter 1970 to 40 years 2010 Change.But when it is believed that the science and technology of marshaling yard of the world has had arrived at peak, in fact really not so, generation The development of marshaling yard of boundary initially enters emission reduction energy-conservation in thousand and modernizes new marshalling yard.
In view of drawbacks described above, creator of the present invention passes through prolonged research and practice obtains this creation finally.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of railway without marshalling yard's system of shunting, it is used to overcome above-mentioned technological deficiency.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of railway without marshalling yard's system of shunting, and it is by the use of ramp as power Control push-up speed and ramp traction, save the switching locomotive operation of marshalling yard;
The system is provided with counter-slope road, stopway and positive ramp, wherein, positive and negative track is arranged on stopway both sides, vehicle Enter stopway from counter-slope road, stopway is sailed out of from positive ramp, accelerated;
Main classification yard is provided with stopway, the station track of parking line 15 is set on the top of main classification yard, set on top The station track of classification track nine is put, rail vehicle movement commons line is provided between main classification yard and positive ramp, in main classification yard Upper end is provided with goods yard and public uses line;
Wherein, public line is by parking line station track, in the short-range crossover turnout connection of many of left and right sides parking line Between line;Commons line by ramp, branch-cut bridge, track switch, boundary member, walk line and constitute, shunt or solely can be played a part of The effect of vertical marshalling.
Further, the center section between described main classification yard and counter-slope road is provided with main control station, main hump With signal box, station office block, rolling stock section is additionally provided with.
Further, the station track of Receiving yaxd ten and locomotive depot are provided with counter-slope road;Car is provided with positive ramp Field four-way, departure yard stereotyped writing road, also set up fast freight direct train and stop field in its lower end.
Further, goods yard ramp shunting service, using commons line, it is complete to quick despatch after vehicle not between It is disconnected to walking line or the safe rolling of departure yard;Each 5 minutes of the handling of goods yard, every batch job or each car, it is vertical after having loaded and unloaded That is rolling is to departure yard.
Further, without shunter three-level three, six marshalling yards of three-level, level Four rolling and industrial siding multistage rolling; Level Four rolling, to goods yard, is one-level by Receiving yaxd rolling to hump or rolling;It it is two grades by hump rolling to switchyard classification track; By switchyard classification track by walking between line and departure yard as three-level;It is level Four that line is walked to rolling in departure yard station track.
Further, Receiving yaxd walks line and arrives departure yard stock again using commons line directly to goods yard and other industrial sidings Rolling in road is referred to as more than level Four many series rollings.
Further, the overlength that level Four rolling marshalling yard can organize into groups 100 to less than 200 using commons line at any time is arranged Car, or the over long train of 100 to less than 200 is organized into groups using classification track;It is route in there is commons using many series lead tracks Line, its circuit is up to 10 kilometers, can organize into groups and the super over long train of 200 to less than 500 of disintegrating.
Further, adjacent line bicycle parking interlude or fore-aft vehicle can be transferred to commons line the tail of the train that will be finished Portion is hung up, and finishes train, then rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard;Can also adjacent line bicycle parking interlude or front and rear any vehicle be transferred to i.e. Any position is hung up in the middle of the train that will be finished, then rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard.
Further, commons line can be by two adjacent line bicycle parking or each train of complete independently when carrying out three-level rolling Marshalling;The marshalling for walking line complete independently train between switchyard and departure yard can be combined, or implementation is deposited with all The vehicle three-level rolling of fare completes train marshalling list;Can be arrived at a station by direction and sequentially independently carry out marshaling.
Further, Receiving yaxd commons line and industrial siding, commons line, goods yard commons knot closes line can also Complete independent marshalling.
Compared with prior art the beneficial effects of the present invention are:Railway of the invention is without the marshalling yard's system, slope of shunting Road transport regulates and controls speed and parking with the various equipment in ground, can both be organized into groups with shunting service through commons line, it is also possible to transfer whole Row train.Ramp power resource is put into railway transportation, it is possible to reduce substantial amounts of shunter and a part of traction locomotive, ramp Transportation investment is few, and operation cost is low, simple and convenient quick.
More than 5,000,000,000 liters of the annual fuel-economizing of primary Calculation world railway transportation, 15,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide of emission reduction, 9000 tons of carbon The above waste gas such as hydrogen compound;Unilateralization operation is changed to by complication operation by time study, original old shunting is changed Division of labor method, improves Shunting Service Efficiency, it is ensured that the safety of shunting service.
Therefore railway first has to undergo technological transformation, and carries out without shunter marshalling yard, carries out without locomotive draught line road area Between construction;Physical features ramp is made full use of, used as power, alternative energy source reduces the energy to inexhaustible resource Consumption.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the general illustration of the new marshalling yard of railway of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the technical characteristic above-mentioned and other to the present invention and advantage are described in more detail.
Refer to shown in Fig. 1, it is the general illustration of the new marshalling yard of railway of the invention;Railway of the invention is newly organized into groups The principle of foundation of standing is:Drawn as dynamic Control push-up speed and ramp by the use of ramp, the shunter for saving marshalling yard is made Industry.
The utility model is provided with counter-slope road, stopway and positive ramp, wherein, positive and negative track is arranged on stopway both sides, Vehicle enters stopway from counter-slope road, and stopway is sailed out of from positive ramp, is accelerated.
Main classification yard 15 is provided with stopway, the station track 10 of parking line 15 is set on the top of main classification yard 15, Top sets the station track 11 of classification track nine, and rail vehicle movement commons line 12 is provided between main classification yard 15 and positive ramp. The upper end of main classification yard 15 is provided with goods yard 3 and public use line 14.
Center section between described main classification yard 15 and counter-slope road is provided with main control station 8, main hump 9 and signal Building 13, station office block 16, are additionally provided with rolling stock section 7.
The station track 4 of Receiving yaxd ten and locomotive depot 6 are provided with counter-slope road;Parking lot four-way is provided with positive ramp 2nd, departure yard stereotyped writing road 1, also sets up fast freight direct train and stops field 5 in its lower end.
New goods yard overall plan proposes that all platforms should be designed as laterally being not more than 10% ramp, except various types of Beyond special vehicle, outside special train, casing transport is all changed to.Casing transport is different from Container Transport, the case of casing transport Body can install goods pendulum in platform edge, it is also possible to inexpensively rent the owner of cargo for a long time and transport for a long time as the transit depot of the owner of cargo.Railway Haulage vehicle is only needed 5 minutes with to handling at any time, you can rolling to departure yard.
New goods yard design, can make handle the supporting goods yard more than 50,000 to 100,000 abilities being adapted new marshalling yard's day. The entrucking unloading capacity in large-scale goods yard is to handle more than 12000 day.Medium-sized goods yard loading-unloading vehicle ability is more than 6000.It is small-sized Goods yard handling capacity is more than 1200.The design in new goods yard is several times to more than ten times of traditional original goods yard handling capacity.
The design overall scheme in new goods yard is the part of new marshalling yard, is used to examine railway freight-car in goods yard Residence time.Goods yard ramp shunting service, using commons line, it is complete to quick despatch after vehicle it is continual to walking Line or the safe rolling of departure yard.
Each 5 minutes of the handling of the new every batch job of goods yard master-plan proposition or each car.Rolling immediately after having loaded and unloaded To departure yard.This does not possess than most of goods yards commons line equipment, does not have super large list, the quick despatch energy of bulk supply tariff Power, independent mardelling capacity, the operating type of ant removal of home waits shunter every batch job time of 5 hours once, shortens 30 times.
Under the lorry per hour speed conditions of 100 kms, calculated with 24 hours, the goods yard within 1500 kilometers Arrive at a station, the same day can just mention goods.Goods train, the turnover of vehicle fleet improves about 50% on the basis of original, adds The marshalling of the over long train of marshalling yard and the quick marshalling of ordinary train, its turnaround speed for more accelerating vehicle.
Rolling bearing (steamboat) and Simple brake system are arranged at casing transport bottom.Container is that lifting is unloaded, and casing is transported Casing be that the ramp for being not more than 10% by goods yard rolls handling, big group vehicle can complete the handling of whole in 10 minutes, This lifting is unloaded and cannot completed.Therefore it is only two ends that box car and a part of open-top car will be changed, without two side and door The goods vehicle of steel framework.Casing is rolled into platform from inside to outside by scroll wheel from vehicle when such transformation design is to load and unload On, or platform upper box rolled into vehicle, or while in entrucking, casing is got into vehicle, the casing to be unloaded in vehicle It has been pressed against on platform, has not only installed car but also unloaded car.The design in goods yard will also be easy to the casing on platform to roll on automobile simultaneously, And also to be easy to the casing on automobile to roll on platform.
The right for building one or many simultaneously is high, and the low platform in the left side is not more than 10% ramp, is easy to the case on automobile Body rolls handling.Platform is that may be designed as casing to roll into warehouse or factory, and the rolling speed of casing must not exceed more than per small When 3 kilometers.
Details has loading and reinforcing problem, vehicle and casing alignment issues;Casing rolling bearing steamboat Simple brake system Installation question;How casing from railway freight-car rolled on into platform problem and platform casing rolls into railway freight-car inner question.So Do the number of times and various expenses that can reduce handling operation, such as canopy cloth, rope, pallet, machinery, shorten rolling stock etc. Treat the time that handling operation needs, and shorten the automobile handling time used.
New casing transport will save 90% producer or owner of cargo's goods transported to and refilled with in-track platform on railway goods platform Enter in carriage and load onto the multiple terminal charges of goods in the short-distance transport of automobile needs.
Without shunter three-level three, six marshalling yards of three-level, level Four rolling and industrial siding multistage rolling.
It, to goods yard, is one-level that level Four rolling refers to by Receiving yaxd rolling to hump or rolling;By hump rolling to switchyard Classification track is two grades;By switchyard classification track by walking between line and departure yard as three-level;Line is walked in departure yard station track Rolling is level Four.
Receiving yaxd, directly to goods yard and other industrial sidings, walks the rolling that line is arrived in departure yard station track again using commons line Many series rollings referred to as more than level Four.Many series rollings can be described as Pyatyi, six grades, seven grades, eight grades of rollings.
Level Four rolling has five spotlights:
First, peak, traction, flat shunting operation are pushed away without locomotive.
2nd, when departure yard has ceases to be busy, Receiving yaxd can be walked in the through departure yard station track of line, midway through hump, switchyard Do not stop.
3rd, after train-examiner's red card is removed before departure yard train departure not etc. by ceases to be busy train follow-up rolling enter the station track in and Outbound train is closed and hooks the train that 5 kilometers of speed contact push are set out.The same time that the station track train goes out after distributing, the station track Second time train has been finished.
4th, stand-by period and eliminate the whole of the ceases to be busys such as shunter traction that switchyard locomotive interferes with each other are eliminated Time used by operation procedure.
5th, level Four rolling marshalling yard can organize into groups the over long train of 100 to less than 200 using commons line at any time.Or The over long train of 100 to less than 200 is organized into groups using classification track.
It is route in there is commons line using many series lead tracks, its circuit is up to 10 kilometers, therefore can organize into groups and disintegration 200 To the super over long train of less than 500.
Also without the function of quickly organizing into groups with disintegration over long train with super over long train, this is all received for modernization marshalling yard To the influence of traditional design mode, Receiving yaxd, switchyard, marshalling yard, departure yard, due to place be restricted it is many with operational method Locomotive jamming pattern and over long train and super over long train can not be organized into groups.
And it is a field that Novel design scheme unites three fields, including industrial siding and goods yard, therefore this Field can both connect over long train, it is also possible to send out over long train.Simultaneously can be with by each section place commons line of hump and each bar The super over long train of marshalling disintegration.
Public line is that, by parking line station track, the short-range crossover turnout of many of left and right sides parking line connects middle Line.Commons line by ramp, branch-cut bridge, track switch, boundary member, walk line and constitute, shunt can be played a part of or independent compiled The effect of group.
There are 13 kinds of purposes.
First, the marshalling yard of three-level three or three-level six, can be by adjacent line bicycle parking interlude or preceding using commons line Any vehicle is transferred to the train head that will be finished and is hung up afterwards, finishes train, then rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard.
2nd, commons line can be hung the afterbody that adjacent line bicycle parking interlude or fore-aft vehicle are transferred to the train that will be finished On, train is finished, then rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard.
3rd, can be transferred in the middle of the train that will be finished for adjacent line bicycle parking interlude or front and rear any vehicle by commons line Any position is hung up, then rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard.
4th, commons line is not when line shunt operation is deposited, it is also possible to as grouped columns fare, finish train direct Rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard.
5th, commons line can be by two adjacent line bicycle parking or each time volume of train of complete independently when carrying out three-level rolling Group.
6th, commons line can combine the marshalling for walking line complete independently train between switchyard and departure yard, or Carry out and complete train marshalling list with the vehicle three-level rolling of all parking lines.
7th, commons line can arrive at a station by direction and sequentially independently carry out marshaling.
8th, Receiving yaxd commons line and industrial siding, commons line, goods yard commons knot closes line can also complete solely Vertical marshalling.
9th, departure yard does not set commons line, only sets a parking line and is miscoded for interim one's own job machine solution car and marshalling, and summit is carried The accident storage of cars such as wrong hook.Can be hooked to parking line or commons line with one's own job machine top one, or machine idle top one is adjusted by industrial siding Hook to commons line or parking line.
Tenth, it is out of order in any one link in marshalling yard, and accident (such as hump equipment fault) can be timely Train marshalling list (Receiving yaxd commons line, industrial siding commons line, goods yard commons line are completed using the commons line in many places.)
Middle segment between 11, marshalling yard and marshalling yard is small, in, big station goods yard can design and use commons Line, also has independent mardelling capacity while shunter is cancelled.Make a part of vehicle without the stop of marshalling yard, accelerate The arrival of goods and the turnover of vehicle.
12, the marshalling yard without shunter, it is possible to use commons line, walks line, departure yard station track line, marshalling 200 Over long train.Running under power is pushed using many one's own job machines, it is ensured that the quick arrival of goods, shorten the time of occupied section, Increase considerably the transport capacity in interval.
13, the marshalling yard without shunter can use, and Receiving yaxd commons line, industrial siding commons line, goods yard is public With line, the over long train of hundreds of is tapped into, segmentation is disintegrated simultaneously, while marshalling, and do not influence the normal of hump and Receiving yaxd Operation.Over long train length has several kilometers, and traditional modernization design is not connect over long train and hair over long train is this Function, and there is this function in the marshalling yard without shunter.The track-span of Receiving yaxd be it is limited, most it is long also only not Cross more than km to two kms, or within km, but new design Receiving yaxd has commons line, while through goods yard is public Bridging line, and industrial siding commons line.The last station track that each departure yard is reached by walking line.Therefore when over long train is connect vehicle The parking line of goods yard industrial siding can be entered or line is walked, commons line takes locomotive, and a group personnel are segmented by shunting, point Number is disintegrated.Dispatched a car to departure track by walking line rolling after marshalling.
Hundreds of over long trains of marshalling are organized into groups without hump.Because switchyard and departure yard and switchyard with set out The total length that line is walked in field is restricted.Hundreds of cars are not put, so must be from Receiving yaxd to goods yard rolling, then to industrial siding Rolling, then rolling is to departure yard station track.The vehicle of such hundreds of be pendulum under.10 locomotives can just draw 500 one Train.It is exactly more than 30,000 tons once to reach goods.The disintegration of over long train will significantly increase the transport energy of railway with marshalling Power.
Super large list, the ability of the transport marshalling disintegration of bulk supply tariff.Every time train maximum disintegration marshalling of marshalling yard is designed as 500, more than 30,000 tons.Big medium marshalling yard's design mardelling capacity is day more than 50,000 (three-level three) and more than 100,000 (three-level six) is used to independent marshalling and disintegrates complete that (Receiving yaxd, departure yard import and export set compenzine by each commons line No less than 2.5 kilometers.Over long train can be organized into groups without hump and disintegrate or compile a solution part.Therefore do not influence ordinary train and The train marshalling list of less than 200 is disintegrated.Over long train is divided into 150 and is referred to as one-level, and 200 turn into two grades, and 250 are referred to as three Level, 300 are referred to as level Four, and 350 are referred to as Pyatyi, and 400 are referred to as six grades, and 450 are referred to as seven grades, and 500 referred to as super.Every liter One-level increases a locomotive and pushes traction.
The Receiving yaxd that is designed as of new marshalling yard's three-level three is laterally three or four station track ramps to hump and industrial siding Rolling, such design expands the handling capacity of hump throat vehicle, and whole field is longitudinally the level Four uninterrupted operation of rolling flowing water.
Six Receiving yaxds of transverse direction two of three-level are each three or four station track ramps to hump and industrial siding rolling.Whole field is longitudinally Level Four rolling.The uninterrupted operation of flowing water.Either three-level three, or three-level six have the work(of marshalling disintegration over long train Energy.
Design pattern of the new marshalling without shunter station has shunter than traditional three-level three or three-level six It is double to push away or the double rollings of single humping, and be drawn to departure yard with many shunters again after shunting service marshaling is complete and dispatch a car Such pipelining, and without the function of marshalling disintegration over long train, 1 ten thousand to 3 ten thousand car of daily marshalling disintegration or so Pattern.The mardelling capacity of new marshalling yard's design has turned over 4 times to more than 5 times.This provides for improved the transport of whole railway section Turn over 4 times to more than 5 times of ability.
Marshalling yard design with build it is preferential in advance, only marshalling yard in environmental protection, energy-conservation, soon safety, handling, fast freight, Duola, Cost is minimum, most effective.
Ramp transport regulates and controls speed and parking with the various equipment in ground, can both be organized into groups with shunting service through commons line, Entire train can be transferred.Ramp power resource is put into railway transportation, it is possible to reduce substantial amounts of shunter and a part are led Draw locomotive, ramp transportation investment is few, and operation cost is low, it is simple and convenient quick.
Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is the foregoing is only, is merely illustrative for invention, and it is nonrestrictive. Those skilled in the art understanding, can carry out many changes in the spirit and scope that invention claim is limited to it, change, It is even equivalent, but fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of railway is without marshalling yard's system of shunting, it is characterised in that it is by the use of ramp as dynamic Control push-up speed and slope Road draws, and saves the switching locomotive operation of marshalling yard;
The system is provided with counter-slope road, stopway and positive ramp, wherein, positive and negative track is arranged on stopway both sides, and vehicle is from anti- Ramp enters stopway, and stopway is sailed out of from positive ramp, is accelerated;
Main classification yard is provided with stopway, the station track of parking line 15 is set on the top of main classification yard, set on top and compiled Group line nine station track, is provided with rail vehicle movement commons line, in the upper end of main classification yard between main classification yard and positive ramp It is provided with goods yard and public uses line;
Wherein, public line is that, by parking line station track, the short-range crossover turnout of many of left and right sides parking line connects middle Line;Commons line by ramp, branch-cut bridge, track switch, boundary member, walk line and constitute, shunt can be played a part of or independent compiled The effect of group;
Center section between described main classification yard and counter-slope road is provided with main control station, main hump and signal box, station Office block, is additionally provided with rolling stock section;
The station track of Receiving yaxd ten and locomotive depot are provided with counter-slope road;Parking lot four-way is provided with positive ramp, is set out Field stereotyped writing road, also sets up fast freight direct train and stops field in its lower end;
Without shunter three-level three, six marshalling yards of three-level, level Four rolling and industrial siding multistage rolling;Level Four rolling is by reaching Field rolling, to main hump or rolling to goods yard, is one-level;It it is two grades by main hump rolling to switchyard classification track;Compiled by switchyard Group line is three-level by walking between line and departure yard;It is level Four that line is walked to rolling in departure yard station track.
2. railway according to claim 1 is without marshalling yard's system of shunting, it is characterised in that goods yard ramp shunting service, Using commons line, it is complete to quick despatch after vehicle it is continual to walking line or the safe rolling of departure yard;Goods yard, often Each 5 minutes of the handling of batch job or each car, rolling immediately is to departure yard after having loaded and unloaded.
3. railway according to claim 1 is without marshalling yard's system of shunting, it is characterised in that Receiving yaxd is straight using commons line Connect to goods yard and other industrial sidings, walk more than the rolling referred to as level Four that line is arrived in departure yard station track again many series rollings.
4. railway according to claim 1 is without marshalling yard's system of shunting, it is characterised in that level Four rolling marshalling yard can be at any time The over long train of 100 to less than 200 is organized into groups using commons line, or 100 to less than 200 are organized into groups using classification track Over long train;It is route in there is commons line using many series lead tracks, its circuit is up to 10 kilometers, can organizes into groups and disintegrate 200 To the super over long train of less than 500.
5. railway according to claim 4 is without marshalling yard's system of shunting, it is characterised in that commons line can be by adjacent line bicycle parking The afterbody that interlude or fore-aft vehicle are transferred to the train that will be finished is hung up, and finishes train, then rolling is dispatched a car to departure yard; Any position in the middle of the train that will be finished can be transferred to adjacent line bicycle parking interlude or front and rear any vehicle to hang up, then rolling is arrived Departure yard is dispatched a car.
6. railway according to claim 5 is without marshalling yard's system of shunting, it is characterised in that commons line can be by two adjacent lines Bicycle parking carries out each time marshalling of train of complete independently during three-level rolling;Walking between switchyard and departure yard can be combined The marshalling of line complete independently train, or carry out the vehicle three-level rolling completion train marshalling list with all parking lines;Can be by Arrive at a station and sequentially independently carry out marshaling in direction.
7. railway according to claim 6 is without marshalling yard's system of shunting, it is characterised in that Receiving yaxd commons line and special Line, commons line, commons knot in goods yard closes line can also complete independent marshalling.
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