CN104521837A - Spotted silver carp, white silver carp and shrimp intercropping method - Google Patents

Spotted silver carp, white silver carp and shrimp intercropping method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104521837A
CN104521837A CN201410841528.1A CN201410841528A CN104521837A CN 104521837 A CN104521837 A CN 104521837A CN 201410841528 A CN201410841528 A CN 201410841528A CN 104521837 A CN104521837 A CN 104521837A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shrimp
carp
water
silver carp
fish
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Pending
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CN201410841528.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨彪
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杨彪
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Priority to CN201410841528.1A priority Critical patent/CN104521837A/en
Publication of CN104521837A publication Critical patent/CN104521837A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a spotted silver carp, white silver carp and shrimp intercropping method. The method comprises the steps that spotted silver carps, white silver carps and shrimps are cultured in water in a mixed mode, a large number of plankters are cultured by a water nutrient in the earlier cultivation stage to be used as bait, and the water nutrient is put into the water regularly or irregularly in the cultivation process. According to the spotted silver carp, white silver carp and shrimp intercropping method, due to comprehensive resource utilization, scientific and reasonable allocation and reasonable cultivation density, the cultivation cost is greatly reduced, economic benefits are improved, the an-risk capacity is strong, and sustainable development is achieved; large-scale standardized development is facilitated, and the brand industry with influences is built.

Description

The cover breeding method of a kind of variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp
Technical field
The present invention relates to raising fish and shrimp field, refer to the cover breeding method of a kind of variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp especially.
Background technology
Yielding poorly of existing large water surface aquaculture variegated carp fish and Silver Carp, the output value is low, and benefit is not high.Large water surface aquaculture flower silver carp mainly throws in some low-quality fertilizers and feces of livestock and poultry, larger to water pollution.Also have some large waters surface to throw perfect compound feed, owing to fishing for difficulty and difficult management, aquaculture cost is also very high, so have high input, risk booming income is few.
Due to more and more higher to the requirement of water quality environment, the aquaculture model unsustainable development of high pollution, and have high input in large water surface aquaculture with perfect compound feed, risk is high, inconvenience management, because original profit is just very low, lower than the interests of 20%, so others steals a bit, fish is slow, and fishing for difficulty does not a bit just have profit.Owing to being concentrate fish in a large number, so fish valency is also bad.
Summary of the invention
An object of the present invention is the cover breeding method proposing a kind of variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp, solve raising fish and shrimp in prior art to the problem that the pollution of environment is large, fishes and shrimps yield poorly, the quality of deficiency in economic performance, fishes and shrimps is low.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that the cover breeding method of a kind of variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp, mixed breed variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp in water body, cultivate a large amount of planktons at cultivation water nutrition in early stage element and cook bait, cultivate a large amount of planktons and cook bait, regular or irregularly in water body, drop into water nutrition element in breeding process.Such aquaculture cost is low, but the output value is high, and profit is high, and disease is few, and cultivation risk is little.Large water surface Fish-shrimp mix-culture, to cultivate plankton for main bait.Low cost cultivates, and the cost of shrimp per jin is no more than 4 yuan, Silver Carp cost about 1 yuan/jin, and variegated carp fish 2 yuan is per jin.
Preferably, the variegated carp fish of every mu of input 50 tail-300 tails, the Silver Carp of every mu of input 30 tail-60 tails, the Macrobrachium rosenbergii of every mu of input 2000 tail-5000 tails, throws in Penaeus Vannmei 20000 tail-30000 tail for every mu.
Preferably, the transparency of water body controls at 28-32 centimetre.
Preferably, to throw something and feed variegated carp fish with short grained expanded pellet diet.
Preferably, within every 3 days-8 days, a water nutrition element is thrown in.
Preferably, described water nutrition element is China training water Wang.
Preferably, the regular or irregular input manufactured feed in the middle and later periods in cultivation stage, for cultivating the manufactured feed of variegated carp fish, shrimp.
Preferably, if the density of variegated carp fish is more than every mu, 60 tail, adds short grained expanded pellet diet and throw something and feed, drop into some shrimp material for Macrobrachium rosenbergii.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the cover breeding method of variegated carp fish of the present invention, Silver Carp, shrimp, by utilize resources synthetically, and scientific and reasonable collocation, rational cultivation density, makes aquaculture cost significantly reduce, improves economic benefit, the ability to ward off risks is strong, sustainable development.Be convenient to scale, Normalization, make influential brand industry.The present invention adopts variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp mixed breed, conversion ratio high, the free of contamination water nutrition element a large amount of high-quality algae of cultivation and zooplankton is adopted to provide bait, suitably supplement some perfect compound feeds in the cultivation middle and later periods and suitably improve output, accelerate fishes and shrimps growth rate.The collocation of such science brings very high culture benefit, greatly reduces cultivation risk.Water circulation utilizes, free from environmental pollution.Can improve the quality of fishes and shrimps meat, mouthfeel is good, and nutrition is high.
Embodiment
For understanding the present invention better; below by following examples, elaboration concrete is further done to the present invention; but unintelligible is limitation of the invention; for some nonessential improvement and adjustment that those skilled in the art does according to foregoing invention content, be also considered as dropping in protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Mixed breed variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp in the fish pond of 70 mu, cultivate a large amount of planktons cultivation China in early stage training water Wang and cook bait, within breeding process every 3 days, drop into water nutrition element in water body.The variegated carp fish of every mu of input 50 tails, the Silver Carp of every mu of input 30 tails, the Macrobrachium rosenbergii of every mu of input 2000 tails, throws in Penaeus Vannmei 20000 tail for every mu.The transparency of water body controls at 28 centimeters.To throw something and feed variegated carp fish with short grained expanded pellet diet.Cultivation the stage some shrimp material of middle and later periods for cultivating Macrobrachium rosenbergii.The cost of cultivation one jin of variegated carp fish is 2 yuan, and the cost of one jin of Silver Carp is 1 yuan, and the cost of one jin of Macrobrachium rosenbergii is 4 yuan, and the cost of one jin of Penaeus Vannmei is 2 yuan.The profit of every mu is 6000 yuan.
Embodiment 2
Mixed breed variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp in the fish pond of 60 mu, cultivate a large amount of planktons cultivation China in early stage training water Wang and cook bait, within breeding process every 8 days, drop into water nutrition element in water body.The variegated carp fish of every mu of input 300 tails, the Silver Carp of every mu of input 60 tails, the Macrobrachium rosenbergii of every mu of input 5000 tails, throws in Penaeus Vannmei 30000 tail for every mu.The transparency of water body controls at 25 centimeters-32 centimeters.To throw something and feed variegated carp fish with short grained expanded pellet diet in the middle and later periods in cultivation stage.Shrimp material is dropped into for accelerating the growth rate of Macrobrachium rosenbergii and Penaeus Vannmei in the middle and later periods in cultivation stage.The cost of cultivation one jin of variegated carp fish is at 2.2 yuan, and the cost of one jin of Silver Carp about 0.8 yuan, the cost of one jin of Macrobrachium rosenbergii is at 4.5 yuan, and the cost of one jin of Penaeus Vannmei is 2.2 yuan.The profit of every mu is 7000 yuan.
Embodiment 3
Mixed breed variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp in the fish pond of 80 mu, Chinese train water Wang in cultivation early stage and cultivate a large amount of planktons and cook bait, in breeding process every 3 days-8 days in water body, drop into water nutrition element.The variegated carp fish of every mu of input 200 tails, the Silver Carp of every mu of input 50 tails, the Macrobrachium rosenbergii of every mu of input 4000 tails, throws in Penaeus Vannmei 25000 tail for every mu.The transparency of water body controls at 30 centimeters.To throw something and feed variegated carp fish with short grained expanded pellet diet.Some shrimp material are regularly dropped into for accelerating the growth rate of Macrobrachium rosenbergii and Penaeus Vannmei in the middle and later periods in cultivation stage.The cost of cultivation one jin of variegated carp fish is at 2.5 yuan, and the cost of one jin of Silver Carp about 1.1 yuan, the cost of one jin of Macrobrachium rosenbergii is at 4.8 yuan, and the cost of one jin of Penaeus Vannmei is 2.5 yuan.The profit of every mu is 8000 yuan.
Embodiment 4
Inventor has used 900 mu of waters surface to do a test, the salinity of water about 2 degree, put 30000 decorative pattern at the end of a poem, article, etc. where there is a small blank space silver carps, specification about 1 jin, 30000 tail Silver Carp specifications about 1 jin, Penaeus Vannmei 2,700 ten thousand tail, the shrimp seedling that June 2 put, sold out before October 1, share China training water Wang 40 tons, payment for goods 144000 yuan, fingerling money 200,000, rent 200,000, common property variegated carp 90000 jin, be worth 450,000, Silver Carp 91000 jin, be worth 230,000, Penaeus Vannmei 160,000 jin, be worth 4,000,000, drop into and amount to 54.4 ten thousand, disregard artificial, the output value amounts to 4,680,000, profit is quite high, and shrimp is seldom sick.
In sum, the aquaculture model of the present invention's science and the Sinl'Perca chuatsT of low cost, cultivation profit is up to more than 200%, and input is 1/5th of complete feed.And profit is its 10 times.Low input high repayment, has the very strong ability to ward off risks.The present invention cultivates the cost of one jin of variegated carp fish at about 2 yuan, the cost of one jin of Silver Carp about 1 yuan, and the cost of one jin of Macrobrachium rosenbergii is at about 4 yuan, and the cost of one jin of Penaeus Vannmei is about 2 yuan.Profit is very high, and because the product used is pollution-free, the density of cultivation is not very large, therefore very little to the pollution of environment yet, and can accomplish oneself's purification completely, the whole year need not change water.Compared with breeding fish merely, culture benefit of the present invention promotes more than 5 times.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the cover breeding method of a variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp, it is characterized in that: mixed breed variegated carp fish, Silver Carp, shrimp in water body, bait is done a large amount of plankton of the plain cultivation of cultivation water nutrition in early stage, regular or irregularly in water body, drop into water nutrition element in breeding process.
2. the cover breeding method of variegated carp fish as claimed in claim 1, Silver Carp, shrimp, it is characterized in that: the variegated carp fish of every mu of input 50 tail-300 tails, the Silver Carp of every mu of input 30 tail-60 tails, the Macrobrachium rosenbergii of every mu of input 2000 tail-5000 tails, throws in Penaeus Vannmei 20000 tail-30000 tail for every mu.
3. the cover breeding method of variegated carp fish as claimed in claim 1, Silver Carp, shrimp, is characterized in that: the transparency of water body controls at 28-32 centimetre.
4. the cover breeding method of variegated carp fish as claimed in claim 1, Silver Carp, shrimp, is characterized in that: to throw something and feed variegated carp fish with short grained expanded pellet diet.
5. the cover breeding method of variegated carp fish as claimed in claim 1, Silver Carp, shrimp, is characterized in that: within every 3 days-8 days, throw in a water nutrition element.
6. the cover breeding method of variegated carp fish as claimed in claim 1, Silver Carp, shrimp, is characterized in that: described water nutrition element is China training water Wang.
7. the cover breeding method of variegated carp fish as claimed in claim 1, Silver Carp, shrimp, is characterized in that: the regular or irregular input manufactured feed in the middle and later periods in cultivation stage.
CN201410841528.1A 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 Spotted silver carp, white silver carp and shrimp intercropping method Pending CN104521837A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106172096A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 White shrimp and the set breeding method of Aristichthys nobilis
CN106234270A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-12-21 杭州市水产技术推广总站 A kind of method circulating flowing water fish farming system cultivation Penaeus vannamei

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283652A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 东台市旺通农业发展有限公司 Efficient ecological breeding method of giant freshwater prawns

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283652A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 东台市旺通农业发展有限公司 Efficient ecological breeding method of giant freshwater prawns

Non-Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
岑仁勇: "南美白对虾套罗氏沼虾生态健康养殖技术", 《水产养殖》 *
王吉桥等: "低盐水体南美白对虾与鲢鳙鱼混养的试验", 《水产科学》 *
董乔仕等: "南美白对虾与罗氏沼虾生态混养技术", 《水产养殖》 *
陈薇: "罗氏沼虾与南美白对虾混养技术初探", 《渔业现代化》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106172096A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 White shrimp and the set breeding method of Aristichthys nobilis
CN106234270A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-12-21 杭州市水产技术推广总站 A kind of method circulating flowing water fish farming system cultivation Penaeus vannamei

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Application publication date: 20150422

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