CN104512134A - Printing management apparatus, printing management method and printing system - Google Patents

Printing management apparatus, printing management method and printing system Download PDF

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CN104512134A
CN104512134A CN 201410324706 CN201410324706A CN104512134A CN 104512134 A CN104512134 A CN 104512134A CN 201410324706 CN201410324706 CN 201410324706 CN 201410324706 A CN201410324706 A CN 201410324706A CN 104512134 A CN104512134 A CN 104512134A
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apparatus
print
printing
management
device
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CN 201410324706
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CN104512134B (en
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若松润
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富士施乐株式会社
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Priority to JP2013207577A priority patent/JP6094442B2/en
Priority to JP2013208862A priority patent/JP2015072649A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/12Digital output to print unit, e.g. line printer, chain printer
    • G06F3/1201Dedicated interfaces to print systems
    • G06F3/1202Dedicated interfaces to print systems specifically adapted to achieve a particular effect
    • G06F3/121Facilitating exception or error detection and recovery, e.g. fault, media or consumables depleted
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/12Digital output to print unit, e.g. line printer, chain printer
    • G06F3/1201Dedicated interfaces to print systems
    • G06F3/1202Dedicated interfaces to print systems specifically adapted to achieve a particular effect
    • G06F3/1211Improving printing performance
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/12Digital output to print unit, e.g. line printer, chain printer
    • G06F3/1201Dedicated interfaces to print systems
    • G06F3/1223Dedicated interfaces to print systems specifically adapted to use a particular technique
    • G06F3/1237Print job management
    • G06F3/124Parallel printing or parallel ripping
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/12Digital output to print unit, e.g. line printer, chain printer
    • G06F3/1201Dedicated interfaces to print systems
    • G06F3/1223Dedicated interfaces to print systems specifically adapted to use a particular technique
    • G06F3/1237Print job management
    • G06F3/126Job scheduling, e.g. queuing, determine appropriate device
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/12Digital output to print unit, e.g. line printer, chain printer
    • G06F3/1201Dedicated interfaces to print systems
    • G06F3/1223Dedicated interfaces to print systems specifically adapted to use a particular technique
    • G06F3/1237Print job management
    • G06F3/126Job scheduling, e.g. queuing, determine appropriate device
    • G06F3/1261Job scheduling, e.g. queuing, determine appropriate device by using alternate printing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/12Digital output to print unit, e.g. line printer, chain printer
    • G06F3/1201Dedicated interfaces to print systems
    • G06F3/1278Dedicated interfaces to print systems specifically adapted to adopt a particular infrastructure
    • G06F3/1285Remote printer device, e.g. being remote from client or server
    • G06F3/1288Remote printer device, e.g. being remote from client or server in client-server-printer device configuration
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2206/00Indexing scheme related to dedicated interfaces for computers
    • G06F2206/15Indexing scheme related to printer interfaces for computers, indexing schema related to group G06F3/12
    • G06F2206/1514Sub-job

Abstract

Provided is a printing management apparatus, a printing management method and a printing system, the apparatus including a failure detector that detects a failure of the printing control apparatus and a printing apparatus in a printing system, and a printing continuation control unit which performs control so as to: when the failure detector detects that any one of the printing control apparatus and the printing apparatus fails, request another printing system to provide the apparatus corresponding to the apparatus with the detected failure in the printing control apparatus and the printing apparatus, and when the apparatus as the request target is provided in response to the request, continue the printing by replacing the failing apparatus with the provided apparatus.

Description

打印管理设备、打印管理方法和打印系统 Print management devices, printing systems and print management

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及打印管理设备、打印管理方法和打印系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a print management apparatus, a print management method and a printing system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] JP-A-8_221233(专利文献I)公开了一种系统,其中打印控制单元通过以下步骤在打印机构中执行打印处理:在各个子处理器中将从主机发送的打印数据进行点扩展,以发送至打印机构;以及从并行的给纸装置将纸张供应至各个打印机构。 [0002] JP-A-8_221233 (Patent Document I) discloses a system, wherein the control unit performs the printing process in the printing mechanism in the printing by the steps of: in the respective sub-processors in the print data from the host is sent from the Point Spread to send to the printing means; and a paper feeding from the paper supply means in parallel to the respective printing mechanism. 打印的纸张在排出纸张收集设备中按照页顺序排序,并且统一容纳在叠放架中。 Printing paper according to the page order of the sorted sheet discharge collection device, and housed in a unified stack holder. 当在某个打印机构单元中发生故障时,通过将打印数据分布至其余打印机构单元来继续打印处理,并且当从故障恢复时,通过将打印数据分布至所有打印机构单元来继续打印处理。 When a failure occurs in a print mechanism unit by the print data distributed to the rest of the printing mechanism unit to continue printing process, and when recovering from a failure by the print data distributed to all the printing mechanism unit to continue printing process.

[0003] JP-A-2_120066(专利文献2)公开了一种系统,其中在图像形成设备主体中设置有用于将与专用于图像形成设备主体的记录介质运输特性有关的信息发送至安装的各个附加设备的单元,并且在各个附加设备中设置有用于将与通过安装在图像形成设备主体中的各个附加设备确定的记录介质运输特性有关的信息发送至图像形成设备主体的单元,因此图像形成设备主体和各个附加设备分别接收与所发送的记录介质运输特性有关的信息,以确定系统的记录介质运输控制能力。 [0003] JP-A-2_120066 (Patent Document 2) discloses a system in which the image forming apparatus main body is provided for transmitting information to the recording medium transport characteristics specific to the image forming apparatus relating to the mounting of the body of each means additional equipment, and is provided for the recording medium transport characteristics determined with by respective additional device mounted in the apparatus main body of the image formation information is transmitted to the unit of the image forming apparatus main body in the respective additional devices, the image forming apparatus body and the respective additional device receives the transmitted information on the recording medium transport characteristics, to determine the capacity of the recording medium transport control system.

[0004] JP-A-2009_26231 (专利文献3)公开了一种系统,其中存在主动模式和被动模式,以作为当主打印设备产生光栅数据的处理能力降低时预打印设备产生光栅数据的模式。 [0004] JP-A-2009_26231 (Patent Document 3) discloses a system in which there is an active mode and a passive mode, to generate a pre-print mode of raster data generation apparatus is decreased as the processing capability of the raster data when the main printing apparatus. 在被动模式中,主打印设备监测产生光栅数据的处理状态和输入数据后台处理单元的累积状态,如果监测到的值大于预定阈值,则预打印设备执行光栅数据的产生处理,因此可补偿处理能力的降低。 In passive mode, the main printing apparatus monitoring cumulative state processing state raster data and the input data background processing unit, if the monitored value is larger than a predetermined threshold value, the pre-print generation process performs raster data device, thus compensating the processing capacity reduced. 此外,在主动模式中,预打印设备按照与被动模式的方式相同的方式定期地监测输入数据后台处理单元的累积状态,如果监测到的值大于预定阈值,则预打印设备使输入数据成为光栅数据,因此可补偿处理能力的降低。 Further, in the active mode, the pre-printing apparatus according to the embodiment passive mode in the same manner periodically monitors the accumulation state of input data background processing unit, if the monitored value is larger than a predetermined threshold value, the pre-printing apparatus input Data to raster data , thus reducing the processing power can be compensated.

[0005] JP-A-2011-070337(专利文献4)公开了一种系统,其中将以页描述语言(下文中,称作“roL”)描述的打印数据转换为可被打印设备处理的诸如位图的图像数据的机构被划分为两个阶段,该两个阶段包括将PDL转换为中间数据的中间数据产生单元和将中间数据转换为图像数据的绘图数据产生单元,并且多个中间数据产生单元和多个绘图数据产生单元并行地操作。 [0005] JP-A-2011-070337 (Patent Document 4) discloses a system in which will be a page description language (hereinafter, referred to as "roL") print data conversion can be described as a process, such as a printing apparatus means image data of a bitmap is divided into two stages, the two stages includes an intermediate PDL data into intermediate data generating unit and the intermediate data into image data of drawing data generating unit, and a plurality of intermediate data generating a plurality of drawing data generating unit and the unit operate in parallel.

[0006][专利文献 I] JP-A-8-221233 [0006] [Patent Document I] JP-A-8-221233

[0007][专利文献 2] JP-A-2-120066 [0007] [Patent Document 2] JP-A-2-120066

[0008][专利文献 3] JP-A-2009-26231 [0008] [Patent Document 3] JP-A-2009-26231

[0009][专利文献 4] JP-A-2011-070337 [0009] [Patent Document 4] JP-A-2011-070337

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本发明的一个目的是提供一种即使在打印系统中的打印控制设备或打印设备中发生故障也能够继续打印的技术,而不用将输入至所述打印系统的打印数据再次输入至另一打印系统。 [0010] An object of the present invention is to provide a technical failure occurs even when the printing control apparatus or the printing apparatus in the printing system in printing can be continued, and the print data is not input to the other input to the printing system again a printing system.

[0011] 根据本发明的第一方面,提供了一种打印管理设备,该设备包括: [0011] According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus, the apparatus comprising:

[0012] 故障检测器,其检测打印系统中的打印控制设备和打印设备的故障;以及 [0012] The fault detector which detects the printing system the print control apparatus and printing apparatus failure; and

[0013] 打印继续控制单元,其执行控制以便:当故障检测器检测到打印控制设备和打印设备中的任一个的故障时,打印继续控制单元请求另一打印系统出借与打印控制设备和打印设备中的检测到故障的设备对应的设备,并且当响应于该请求而出借作为请求目标的设备时,打印继续控制单元通过出借的设备代替检测到故障的设备来继续打印。 [0013] to continue the print control unit that performs control so that: when the fault detector detects any one of a print control apparatus and printing apparatus failure, the control unit continues the print request of another print system and lend the print control apparatus and printing apparatus the device corresponding to the detected equipment failure, and when the response to the request as the lending request destination apparatus, the printing apparatus to continue the control unit detects the fault by replacing the lending apparatus to continue printing.

[0014] 根据本发明的第二方面,提供了根据第一方面的打印管理设备, [0014] According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to the first aspect,

[0015] 其中,打印继续控制单元参照存储了用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件的打印系统管理信息和用于指示所述组件的属性的设备管理信息的构造管理数据库来确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统。 [0015] wherein, printing continues with reference to the control unit stores the print information management system, and an attribute indicating the assembly structure of device management information management database for indicating a plurality of individual components of the printing system is determined as a rental device the object request another printing system.

[0016] 根据本发明的第三方面,提供了根据第二方面的打印管理设备, [0016] According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to the second aspect,

[0017] 其中,当作为请求目标的设备被所述另一打印系统出借时,打印继续控制单元更新存储在构造管理数据库中的关于打印系统的打印系统管理信息。 [0017] wherein, when said printing system further lend a request destination device, controls the printing system continues to print on the printing system management information in the configuration management database updates the storage unit.

[0018] 根据本发明的第四方面,提供了根据第一方面的打印管理设备, [0018] According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to the first aspect,

[0019] 其中,打印继续控制单元从存储了用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件的打印系统管理信息和用于指示所述组件的属性的设备管理信息的构造管理数据库中接收打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的通知,并确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统。 [0019] wherein the control unit continues the print system for printing a plurality of individual components specified in the print management information system configuration management database and a device management information indicative of attributes of the assembly receives the print information from the storage management system of and notifies the device management information and determines the other printing system as a target device lending request.

[0020] 根据本发明的第五方面,提供了根据第一方面的打印管理设备,还包括: [0020] According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to the first aspect, further comprising:

[0021] 出借单元,当从另一打印系统接收到打印控制设备和打印设备中的至少一个的出借请求时,当在打印管理设备的管理下正利用打印控制设备和打印设备执行打印数据的打印输出时,在完成打印数据的打印输出之后,该出借单元在打印管理设备的管理下出借打印控制设备和打印设备中的作为请求目标的设备。 [0021] lending unit, when receiving from another printing system to the print control apparatus and printing apparatus of at least one of the lending request, under the management of the printing when the print management apparatus is using the print control apparatus and printing apparatus to perform print data output, after completion of the printout of the print data, the lending unit lends the printing device control apparatus and printing apparatus as a target of a request under the management of the printing management apparatus.

[0022] 根据本发明的第六方面,提供了根据第二方面的打印管理设备,还包括: [0022] According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to the second aspect, further comprising:

[0023] 出借单元,当从另一打印系统接收到打印控制设备和打印设备中的至少一个的出借请求时,当在打印管理设备的管理下正利用打印控制设备和打印设备执行打印数据的打印输出时,在完成打印数据的打印输出之后,该出借单元在打印管理设备的管理下出借打印控制设备和打印设备中的作为请求目标的设备。 [0023] lending unit, when receiving from another printing system to the print control apparatus and printing apparatus of at least one of the lending request, under the management of the printing when the print management apparatus is using the print control apparatus and printing apparatus to perform print data output, after completion of the printout of the print data, the lending unit lends the printing device control apparatus and printing apparatus as a target of a request under the management of the printing management apparatus.

[0024] 根据本发明的第七方面,提供了根据第三方面的打印管理设备,还包括: [0024] According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to the third aspect, further comprising:

[0025] 出借单元,当从另一打印系统接收到打印控制设备和打印设备中的至少一个的出借请求时,当在打印管理设备的管理下正利用打印控制设备和打印设备执行打印数据的打印输出时,在完成打印数据的打印输出之后,该出借单元在打印管理设备的管理下出借打印控制设备和打印设备中的作为请求目标的设备。 [0025] lending unit, when receiving from another printing system to the print control apparatus and printing apparatus of at least one of the lending request, under the management of the printing when the print management apparatus is using the print control apparatus and printing apparatus to perform print data output, after completion of the printout of the print data, the lending unit lends the printing device control apparatus and printing apparatus as a target of a request under the management of the printing management apparatus.

[0026] 根据本发明的第八方面,提供了根据第四方面的打印管理设备,还包括: [0026] According to an eighth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to the fourth aspect, further comprising:

[0027] 出借单元,当从另一打印系统接收到打印控制设备和打印设备中的至少一个的出借请求时,当在打印管理设备的管理下正利用打印控制设备和打印设备执行打印数据的打印输出时,在完成打印数据的打印输出之后,该出借单元在打印管理设备的管理下出借打印控制设备和打印设备中的作为请求目标的设备。 [0027] lending unit, when receiving from another printing system to the print control apparatus and printing apparatus of at least one of the lending request, under the management of the printing when the print management apparatus is using the print control apparatus and printing apparatus to perform print data output, after completion of the printout of the print data, the lending unit lends the printing device control apparatus and printing apparatus as a target of a request under the management of the printing management apparatus.

[0028] 根据本发明的第九方面,提供了根据第六方面的打印管理设备,还包括: [0028] According to a ninth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to a sixth aspect, further comprising:

[0029] 出借处理控制单元,其执行控制以便:在出借单元响应于出借请求而出借作为请求目标的设备的时间与归还作为请求目标的设备的时间之间的时间段期间,从客户机接收打印数据、执行解释处理和存储解释结果数据,并且当归还作为请求目标的设备时利用归还的设备对在所述时间段期间存储的解释结果数据执行打印输出。 [0029] lending processing control unit which performs control to: in response to the lending unit lends lending request as a request destination and return time of a device during a time period between the time of the request destination apparatus, receives the printing from the client data, performs interpretation processing and storage of data interpretation results, and when to return the device as the target device requests by interpretation of the return during the time period stored result data to execute printing output.

[0030] 根据本发明的第十方面,提供了根据第七方面的打印管理设备,还包括: [0030] According to a tenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to a seventh aspect, further comprising:

[0031] 出借处理控制单元,其执行控制以便:在出借单元响应于出借请求而出借作为请求目标的设备的时间与归还作为请求目标的设备的时间之间的时间段期间,从客户机接收打印数据、执行解释处理和存储解释结果数据,并且当归还作为请求目标的设备时利用归还的设备对在所述时间段期间存储的解释结果数据执行打印输出。 [0031] lending processing control unit which performs control to: in response to the lent lent lent unit time as the request and return a request destination device during a period between the time of request destination device, is received from the client printing data, performs interpretation processing and storage of data interpretation results, and when to return the device as the target device requests by interpretation of the return during the time period stored result data to execute printing output.

[0032] 根据本发明的第十一方面,提供了根据第八方面的打印管理设备,还包括: [0032] According to an eleventh aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management apparatus according to an eighth aspect, further comprising:

[0033] 出借处理控制单元,其执行控制以便:在出借单元响应于出借请求而出借作为请求目标的设备的时间与归还作为请求目标的设备的时间之间的时间段期间从客户机接收打印数据、执行解释处理和存储解释结果数据,并且当归还作为请求目标的设备时利用归还的设备对在所述时间段期间存储的解释结果数据执行打印输出。 [0033] lending processing control unit which performs control to: in response to a lending unit lends the lending time the request and return a request destination device, as during the time period between the request destination apparatus receives print data from the client performs interpretation processing and storage of data interpretation results, and when to return the device as returned by the target device requests interpretation result stored in the time period during execution data printout.

[0034] 根据本发明的第十二方面,提供了一种打印管理方法,该方法包括步骤: [0034] According to a twelfth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management method comprising the steps of:

[0035] 检测打印系统中的打印控制设备和打印设备的故障;以及 [0035] The print control apparatus and printing apparatus of the printing fault detection system; and

[0036] 执行控制以便:当故障检测器检测到打印控制设备和打印设备中的任一个的故障时,请求另一打印系统出借与打印控制设备和打印设备中的检测到故障的设备对应的设备,并且当响应于该请求而出借作为请求目标的设备时,通过出借的设备代替检测到故障的设备来继续打印。 [0036] performs control so that: when the fault detector detects any one of a print control apparatus and printing apparatus fault detection request another printing system and a print control apparatus and a lending printing apparatus corresponding to the fault equipment device and when the request apparatus as a response to the request target lending, equipment failure is detected by the device instead of lending to continue printing.

[0037] 根据本发明的第十三方面,提供了根据第十二方面的打印管理方法, [0037] According to a thirteenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management method according to the twelfth aspect,

[0038] 其中,在执行请求控制的过程中,参照存储了用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件的打印系统管理信息和用于指示所述组件的属性的设备管理信息的构造管理数据库,来确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统。 [0038] wherein, during the execution of the control request refers to the storage management information and the printing system configured for database management for device management information indicating a plurality of respective components of the printing system indicating the attribute of the component to determining a target lending the device a request another printing system.

[0039] 根据本发明的第十四方面,提供了根据第十三方面的打印管理方法, [0039] According to a fourteenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management method according to the thirteenth aspect,

[0040] 其中,当作为请求目标的设备被所述另一打印系统出借时,在执行请求控制的过程中,更新存储在构造管理数据库中的关于打印系统的打印系统管理信息。 [0040] wherein, when said printing system further lend a request destination device, during the execution of the control request, updates the management information stored in the configuration management database on the printing system printing system.

[0041] 根据本发明的第十五方面,提供了根据第十二方面的打印管理方法, [0041] According to a fifteenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a print management method according to the twelfth aspect,

[0042] 其中,在执行请求控制的过程中,从存储了用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件的打印系统管理信息和用于指示所述组件的属性的设备管理信息的构造管理数据库中,接收到打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的通知,并且确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统。 [0042] wherein, during the execution of the control request from the storage system for the print management information indicating a plurality of respective components of the printing system and a configuration management database device management information indicative of attributes of the assembly, receives the notification information management apparatus management information and the printing system, and determine the lending apparatus as a target request another printing system.

[0043] 根据本发明的第十六方面,提供了一种打印系统,该系统包括: [0043] According to a sixteenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a printing system comprising:

[0044] 打印设备,其打印打印图像数据; [0044] The printing apparatus print the image data;

[0045] 打印控制设备,其将打印图像数据供应至打印设备,并且执行控制以执行打印;以及 [0045] The print control apparatus that supplies print image data to the printing apparatus, and performs control to execute printing; and

[0046] 打印管理设备, [0046] print management apparatus,

[0047] 其中,所述打印管理设备包括: [0047] wherein said print management apparatus comprising:

[0048] 故障检测器,其检测打印控制设备和打印设备的故障;以及 [0048] The fault detector which detects the print control apparatus and printing apparatus failure; and

[0049] 打印继续控制单元,其执行控制以便:当故障检测器检测到打印控制设备和打印设备中的任一个的故障时,打印继续控制单元请求另一打印系统出借与打印控制设备和打印设备中的检测到故障的设备对应的设备,并且当响应于该请求而出借作为请求目标的设备时,打印继续控制单元通过出借的设备代替检测到故障的设备来继续打印。 [0049] The control unit continues to print, which performs control so that: when the fault detector detects any one of a print control apparatus and printing apparatus failure, the control unit continues the print request of another print system and lend the print control apparatus and printing apparatus the device corresponding to the detected equipment failure, and when the response to the request as the lending request destination apparatus, the printing apparatus to continue the control unit detects the fault by replacing the lending apparatus to continue printing.

[0050] 根据本发明的第十七方面,提供了根据第十六方面的打印系统, [0050] According to a seventeenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a printing system according to a sixteenth aspect,

[0051] 其中,在执行请求控制的过程中,参照存储了用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件的打印系统管理信息和用于指示所述组件的属性的设备管理信息的构造管理数据库,来确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统。 [0051] wherein, during the execution of the control request refers to the storage management information and the printing system configured for database management for device management information indicating a plurality of respective components of the printing system indicating the attribute of the component to determining a target lending the device a request another printing system.

[0052] 根据本发明的第十八方面,提供了根据第十七方面的打印系统, [0052] According to an eighteenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a printing system according to the seventeenth aspect,

[0053] 其中,当作为请求目标的设备被所述另一打印系统出借时,在执行请求控制的过程中,更新存储在构造管理数据库中的关于打印系统的打印系统管理信息。 [0053] wherein, when said printing system further lend a request destination device, during the execution of the control request, updates the management information stored in the configuration management database on the printing system printing system.

[0054] 根据本发明的第十九方面,提供了根据第十六方面的打印系统, [0054] According to a nineteenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a printing system according to a sixteenth aspect,

[0055] 其中,在执行请求控制的过程中,从存储了用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件的打印系统管理信息和用于指示所述组件的属性的设备管理信息的构造管理数据库中,接收到打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的通知,并且确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统。 [0055] wherein, during the execution of the control request from the storage system for the print management information indicating a plurality of respective components of the printing system and a configuration management database device management information indicative of attributes of the assembly, receives the notification information management apparatus management information and the printing system, and determine the lending apparatus as a target request another printing system.

[0056] 根据本发明的第一方面至第十一方面,即使在打印系统中的打印控制设备或打印设备中发生故障也可继续打印,而不用将输入至所述打印系统的打印数据再次输入至另一打印系统。 [0056] According to a first aspect to eleventh aspect of the present invention, even if a failure occurs or the print control apparatus in a printing apparatus in the printing system can continue printing without print data input to the printing system again input to another printing system.

[0057] 根据本发明的第十二方面至第十五方面,当在所述另一打印系统中的打印控制设备或打印设备中发生故障时,通过出借自身系统中的打印控制设备或打印设备,可使得所述另一打印系统继续打印。 [0057] According to the twelfth to fifteenth aspects of the invention, when a fault occurs or the print control apparatus in said other printing apparatus in the printing system, lending itself by a printing system or printing apparatus control apparatus , so that the other can continue to print the printing system.

[0058] 根据本发明的第十六方面至第十九方面,即使自身系统中的打印控制设备或打印设备被出借,也可从客户机接收打印数据。 [0058] According to a sixteenth aspect of the nineteenth aspect of the present invention, even if the system itself is the printing control apparatus or the printing apparatus is lent, may also receive print data from the client.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0059] 将基于以下附图详细描述本发明的示例性实施例,其中: [0059] The exemplary embodiments based on the following detailed description of the present invention, the accompanying drawings, wherein:

[0060] 图1是描述应用了示例性实施例的控制的打印系统的示图; [0060] Figure 1 is a diagram of a printing system applied to an exemplary embodiment of the control of the embodiment;

[0061] 图2是示出应用了示例性实施例的控制的打印系统的构造的示例的示图; [0061] FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a diagram of an example of the configuration of a printing control system according to an exemplary embodiment;

[0062] 图3是描述设备管理信息的数据内容的示例的示图; [0062] FIG. 3 is a diagram describing an example of data contents of the device management information;

[0063] 图4是描述打印系统管理信息的数据内容的示例的示图; [0063] Figure 4 is a content of the print data management information system diagram of an example;

[0064] 图5是描述应用了示例性实施例的控制的打印系统中的正常打印处理的流程的示图; [0064] FIG. 5 is a diagram of a printing system applied to an exemplary embodiment of the control of the flow of a normal printing process;

[0065] 图6中的(A)和图6中的(B)是描述在图5所示的打印系统中当一个解释器故障时现有技术中的系统彳丁为的不图; In in [0065] FIG. 6 (A) and 6 (B) is not prior art system of FIG interpreter when a failure in the left foot in the printing system D as shown in FIG. 5 is described;

[0066] 图7中的(A)和图7中的(B)是描述当打印控制设备或打印设备故障时在当前示例性实施例中的系统行为的示图; In [0066] FIG. 7 (A) and FIG. 7 (B) when the system behavior is described in the present exemplary embodiment of the printing control apparatus or the printing apparatus shown in FIG failure;

[0067] 图8是示出在当前示例性实施例中的管理设备的功能性构造的示例的示图; [0067] FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating the functional configuration example of the current exemplary embodiment of a management apparatus;

[0068] 图9是示出当打印系统中的某个解释器故障时管理设备的处理过程的示例的示图; [0068] FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating an example of processing procedure of the management apparatus when the interpretation of a malfunction in the printing system;

[0069] 图10是示意性地示出用于在进行故障检测时询问用户是否执行救济处理的询问屏幕的示例的示图; [0069] FIG. 10 is a diagram schematically illustrating asking whether the user performs a screen diagram illustrating an example of the inquiry process when used in relief during fault detection;

[0070] 图11是示意性地示出当完成了在发生故障时已接收的打印作业的打印输出时询问是否归还借用的打印控制设备和打印设备的询问屏幕的示例的示图;以及 [0070] FIG. 11 is a diagram schematically illustrating an exemplary Upon completion of the inquiry whether to return a print control apparatus and printing apparatus borrowed inquiry screen printout of a print job received in case of failure shown in FIG.; And

[0071] 图12是示出从发生故障的打印系统接收打印控制设备和打印设备的出借请求的管理设备的处理过程的示例的示图。 [0071] FIG. 12 is a diagram illustrating an example of processing procedure of the reception management apparatus lending request print control apparatus and printing apparatus from the printing system failure.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0072] 参照图1,将描述应用了根据示例性实施例的控制的系统的功能性构造的概况。 [0072] Referring to FIG 1, an overview of the application will be described a functional configuration of a control system according to an exemplary embodiment.

[0073] 当前示例性实施例的打印系统被构造为包括一个管理设备10、一个或更多个解释器20、一个或更多个打印控制设备30和一个或更多个打印设备40。 [0073] The current exemplary embodiment of the printing system is configured to include a management device 10, an interpreter 20 or more, one or more print control device 30 and a printing apparatus 40 or more. 换句话说,一个管理设备10在其自身的控制下管理一个或更多个解释器20、一个或更多个打印控制设备30以及一个或更多个打印设备40,以构造一个打印系统。 In other words, a management device 10 manages one or more of the interpreter 20 under its own control, one or more print control device 30, and one or more print devices 40 to construct a printing system. 针对打印系统的构造,用户可选择怎样将管理设备10、解释器20、打印控制设备30和打印设备40进行组合。 For configuration of the printing system, the user can select how to management device 10, the interpreter 20, the print control apparatus 30 and printing apparatus 40 may be combined. 如图1所示,在其中存在多个管理设备10的环境中,可构造最多与管理设备10的数量相同的数量的打印系统。 As shown in FIG. 1, in the environment where there is a plurality of management device 10, management device may be configured with a maximum number of 10 of the same number of the printing system.

[0074] 图1中示出了,例如可以这么说,设置在一个办公室中的超级系统。 In [0074] FIG. 1 shows, for example, so to speak, arranged in a super-office system. 用户将超级系统中的组件(管理设备10、解释器20、打印控制设备30和打印设备40)进行组合,从而根据该目的建立一个或更多个打印系统。 The super user of the system components (management apparatus 10, the interpreter 20, the print control apparatus 30 and printing apparatus 40) combining to establish one or more printing system according to this purpose. 此外,可响应于组件的添加或去除以及环境的改变来改变各个打印系统的构造。 Further, in response to the addition or removal of components and changes in the environment to change the configuration of each printing system.

[0075] 接着,将描述各个组件。 [0075] Next, the respective components will be described.

[0076] 管理设备10从客户计算机(未示出)和便携式记录介质接收打印作业,并在其自身的控制下控制解释器20、打印控制设备30和打印设备40,以执行打印作业(打印)。 [0076] The management device 10 from the client computer (not shown) and a portable recording medium receives the print job, and control interpreter 20, the print control device 30 and the printing device 40 to execute the print job at its own control (print) . 这里,打印作业是来自用户的包括打印数据的打印命令,在打印数据中以页描述语言(下文中,缩写为“PDL”)书写了待打印的对象的文档的每一页的图像。 Here, the print job is a print command including print data from the user, an image of each page in a page description language (hereinafter, abbreviated as "PDL") writing the document object to be printed in the print data.

[0077] 管理设备10包括用于管理从各个用户发送的打印作业组的执行顺序的作业管理功能。 [0077] The management apparatus 10 includes a job management function execution order of print jobs sent from the group management of each user.

[0078] 此外,管理设备10将打印数据发送至同一打印系统中的解释器20以进行处理。 [0078] Further, the management device 10 transmits print data to the printing system, the same interpreter 20 for processing. 在其中在打印系统中存在多个解释器20的构造中,管理设备10将例如打印数据中的不同页分配至各个解释器20,并使得多个解释器20并行地执行多个页的解释处理。 In the presence of a plurality of configuration explained in which the printing system 20, the management device 10, for example, the printing data assigned to each of the different pages interpreter 20, the interpreter 20 and a plurality of such parallel execution of a plurality of pages interpretation processing .

[0079] 解释器20解释从管理设备10接收的打印数据的PDL描述,并响应于解释的结果产生表示由打印数据表示的各个页的图像的中间数据。 [0079] 20 explain it from the management device 10 receives the PDL print data is described, and in response to the interpretation of the results to generate an intermediate representation of each page data of an image represented by the printing data.

[0080] 中间数据是这样一种数据,其具有处于客户机产生的PDL数据与能够被打印设备40处理的数据格式(例如,光栅格式)的打印图像数据之间的中间大小的数据格式。 [0080] The intermediate data is a data having a PDL data is generated by the client and the printing apparatus 40 is capable of processing a data format (e.g., raster format) an intermediate size between the print image data format. 中间数据格式将例如以PDL描述的图像对象再分为简单形状的小元素,以进行表达。 For example, the intermediate data format described in the PDL image object is subdivided into a simple shape of small elements for expression. 作为中间数据格式,已知的有例如显示列表格式。 As the intermediate data format, there are known, for example, display list format. 此外,中间数据格式的另一示例包括本申请的申请人在JP-A-2011-150535中描述的以及本申请的申请人在日本申请2013-129948的说明书中公开的那些数据格式。 Further, the present applicant and another example of the intermediate data format including the present applicant described in JP-A-2011-150535 filed in Japan, the data format specification, those disclosed in 2013-129948. 作为通过解释器20执行的解释处理,可使用现有技术中已知的那些解释处理,从而将省略对它们的描述。 As explained process executed by the interpreter 20, that may be used in the interpretation process known in the prior art, and thus description thereof will be omitted.

[0081] 解释器20产生作为打印数据的解释的结果的各个页的中间数据,并将产生的各个页的中间数据发送至同一打印系统中的打印控制设备30。 [0081] The interpreter 20 generates print intermediate data as a result of the interpretation of the data of the respective pages, each page intermediate data and transmits the generated print control device 30 to the same printing system.

[0082] 打印控制设备30为打印设备40供应打印图像数据,并控制打印设备40,以执行打印图像数据的打印。 [0082] The print control device 30 supplies print image data to the printing device 40, and controls the printing apparatus 40 to perform the print image data. 在该示例中,打印控制设备30处理从解释器20接收的各个页的中间数据,并产生各个页的打印图像数据。 In this example, the print control device 30 processes the intermediate data of the pages received from the interpreter 20, and generates print image data of each page. 打印图像数据是这样的数据,其中待打印对象的每一页的图像以能够被打印设备40处理的格式(例如光栅格式)表示。 Print image data is data in which the image of each page to be printed can be represented in the format of the object 40 to be processed printing apparatus (e.g. a raster format). 此外,打印控制设备30可具有拼版(imposit1n)功能。 In addition, the print control (imposit1n) device 30 may have a function imposition. 拼版功能是一种将由PDL数据(因此由中间数据)表示的多个页(逻辑页)分配至打印记录介质的一个页(物理页)的功能。 Imposition by the PDL data is a function of (and therefore the intermediate data) represented by a plurality of pages (logical page) is assigned to a print page (physical page) function of the recording medium. 例如,当将两个逻辑页拼版为一个物理页时,获得其中两个逻辑页排列在一个物理页上的图像的打印图像数据。 For example, the time when the two logical pages to one physical page make-up, in which two logical pages are arranged to obtain image data of an image printed on a physical page. 另外,针对转换处理或从中间数据至打印图像数据的拼版,可使用现有技术中的方案,因此这里将省略对其的描述。 Further, for the imposition to print the image conversion processing or data from the intermediate data, using the prior art solutions, and therefore the description thereof will be omitted here. 打印控制设备30向打印设备40供应所产生的各个页的打印图像数据,以进行打印。 The print control data of the respective pages of the print image generated by the device 30 to the printing apparatus 40 supplies, to perform printing.

[0083] 打印设备40接收从打印控制设备30供应的打印图像数据,并在诸如纸张的记录介质上打印由打印图像数据表示的图像。 [0083] The printing apparatus 40 receives the control data from the print image supply apparatus 30, and prints an image represented by the printing image data on a recording medium such as paper.

[0084] 在图1的示例中,虽然用于构造打印系统的管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30的组合可改变,但是打印控制设备30和打印设备40 —对一地关联。 [0084] In the example of FIG. 1, although a configuration of a printing apparatus management system 10, the interpreter 20 and a combination of print control device 30 may vary, but the print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30 40-- associated to a ground. 这是因为为了高速打印具有大量数据的打印图像数据,打印控制设备30和打印设备40通过能够进行高速数据传输的高速接口进行连接。 This is because high-speed printing for printing image data having a large amount of data, the print control device 30 and printing apparatus 40 can be connected via high speed data transmission high-speed interface. 在该示例中,当确定了将被并入打印系统的打印控制设备30时,自动地确定将被并入打印系统的打印设备40。 In this example, when it is determined that the print control device 30 will be incorporated into the printing system, automatically determines the printing apparatus to be incorporated into the printing system 40. 相反,管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30通过诸如典型局域网的数据通信网络连接,并且可灵活地改变所述组合。 In contrast, the management device 10, the interpreter 20 and a print control apparatus such as a typical local area network 30 through a data communication network, and the composition can be flexibly changed.

[0085] 作为另一示例,还可以是这样的系统构造:其中打印设备40连接至数据通信网络并且通过该网络从对应的打印控制设备30接收打印图像数据。 [0085] As another example, such a system may also be configured: wherein the printing apparatus 40 is connected to the data communication network and receives data from a print image corresponding to the print control device 30 via the network. 在这种情况下,可在不管打印控制设备30如何的情况下选择将被并入打印系统的打印设备40。 In this case, the case can be selected regardless of how the print control device 30 will be incorporated into the printing system 40 of the printing apparatus.

[0086] 此外,即使打印控制设备30和打印设备40以固定方式连接,固定的连接关系也不限于一对一。 [0086] Further, even if the print control apparatus 30 and printing apparatus 40 are connected in a fixed manner, a fixed connection relationship is not limited to one. 例如,一个打印控制设备30可连接至多个打印设备40,以控制所述多个打印设备40。 For example, a print control device 30 may be connected to a plurality of printing apparatus 40, to control the plurality of printing apparatus 40. 此外,考虑其中多个打印控制设备30连接至一个打印设备40的构造,诸如以下构造:其中,产生用于正面的打印图像数据的打印控制设备30和产生用于背面的打印图像数据的打印控制设备30连接至能够在连续形式的纸张上执行双面打印的一个打印设备40。 Further, consider a case where a plurality of printing control apparatus 30 is connected to a configuration of a printing device 40, such as the following structure: wherein, generating the print control device 30 for controlling the printing of the print image data of the front side and generates print image data for the back side device 30 is connected to the printing apparatus 40 is capable of performing a duplex printing on continuous form paper.

[0087] 下文中,为了易于描述,作为示例,将描述其中打印控制设备30与打印设备40具有一对一的固定连接关系的情况。 In [0087] Hereinafter, for ease of description, as an example, the print control apparatus will be described in which the printing apparatus 30 and the case 40 having one fixed connection relationship.

[0088] 图1所示的组件中的打印设备40需要用于在物理介质上执行打印的硬件而非执行控制的计算机。 [0088] assembly shown in FIG 1 the printing apparatus 40 of the hardware needed for performing printing on physical media instead of executing computer-controlled. 相反,管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30可执行数据处理,并且可分别作为逻辑上不同的模块存在。 In contrast, the management device 10, the interpreter 20 and the print control device 30 may perform data processing, and various logic modules respectively as present. 在管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30的物理实施中具有许多变形形式。 In the management apparatus 10, the interpreter 20 and the print control apparatus 30 of the embodiment having the physical modification in many forms. 例如,如图2所示,管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30可安装在连接至数据通信网络60的各个不同的计算机中。 For example, as shown in FIG. 2, management device 10, the interpreter 20 and the print control device 30 can be installed in various computers connected to the data communications network 60. 此外,通过执行表示相同类型的设备(例如,大量解释器20)的功能的多个处理的一个计算机,可将该计算机用作相同类型的多个设备。 In addition, expression of a computer by executing a plurality of processing functions of the device (e.g., a large number of the interpreter 20) of the same type, may be of the same type as the plurality of computer devices. 此外,通过执行不同类型的多个设备(例如,管理设备10和解释器20的组,管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30的组等)的处理的一个计算机,可将该计算机用作不同类型的多个设备。 Further, by performing a computer process the plurality of different types of devices (e.g., the group management apparatus 10 and the interpreter 20, the management apparatus 10, the interpreter 20 and a print set of the control device 30, etc.), the computer can be used for a plurality of different types of devices.

[0089] 另外,在图2的示例中,构造管理数据库50连接至数据通信网络60。 [0089] Further, in the example of FIG. 2, the configuration management database 50 is connected to the data communication network 60. 构造管理数据库50是用于管理关于包括在超级系统中的各个单元(组件)的信息和在超级系统中构造的打印系统的信息的数据库。 50 is a configuration management database for managing a database including information about the respective units (components) in the super-system information and a configuration of a printing system in super system. 存储在构造管理数据库50中的设备管理信息和打印系统管理信息的示例示于图3和图4中。 The printing device management information and an example of system management information stored in the configuration management database 50 shown in Figures 3 and 4.

[0090] 如图3所示,设备管理信息包括与连接至超级系统中的数据通信网络60的各个设备(管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30)的设备ID、设备类型和通信地址有关的信息。 [0090] As shown, the apparatus includes a device management information to each device (management device 10, the interpreter 20 and the print control device 30) connected to the data communication network system Super 60 ID, device type, and a communication address 3 related information. 设备ID是用于唯一地识别超级系统中的各个设备的识别信息。 The device ID is for uniquely identifying each apparatus super system identification information. 设备类型是关于各个设备是管理设备、解释器和打印控制设备这三种类型中的哪一种的信息。 Each device on the device type is a management device, which the interpreter information and the print control apparatus of the three types. 通信地址是各个设备在数据通信网络60上的地址,并且当各个设备彼此通信时,由通信地址表示传输源设备和传输目的设备。 Each device address is a communication address on a data communication network 60, and communicate with each other when the respective devices, a communication device and transmission source address indicates a transmission destination device. 在示出的示例中,虽然将互联网协议(IP)地址用作通信地址,但是可使用另一种类型的地址。 In the illustrated example, although the Internet Protocol (IP) address as a communication address, but may be another type of addresses. 此外,图3的示例对应于其中在分离的计算机中实现各个设备并且各个设备的通信地址彼此不同的图2的示例。 Further, the example of FIG. 3 corresponds to a separate computer to implement various devices and the communication address of each device in Example 2. FIG different from each other. 作为另一示例,当多个设备安装在通信网络60上的一个计算机中时,设备ID针对所述多个设备具有分离的值;然而,通信地址相同。 As another example, when a plurality of computer devices 60 mounted on the communication network, a device ID having a value for said plurality of separate devices; however, the same communication address.

[0091]图4所示的打印系统管理信息含有针对构造的每个打印系统的系统ID (其作为用于唯一地识别系统的识别信息)、以及构造所述系统的管理设备、解释器和打印控制设备的设备ID列表。 The printing system management information shown in [0091] FIG. 4, for each printing system comprising a system configuration ID (as for uniquely identifying the system identification information), and the configuration of the system management device, interpreter and print control device ID list of devices. 在一个打印系统中,虽然仅包括一个管理设备10,但是包括多个对应的解释器20和打印控制设备30。 In a printing system, comprising a management device while only 10, but includes a plurality of corresponding interpreter 20 and the print control device 30.

[0092] 包括在超级系统中的各个设备(管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30)具有其自身的设备ID和设备类型的信息。 [0092] comprise respective devices (management apparatus 10, the interpreter 20 and the print control device 30) in the super-system has its own device ID and the device type information. 此外,各个设备通过参照构造管理数据库50的打印系统管理信息来指定设备的通信地址(设备通过采用该通信地址来进行用于打印处理的通信),并利用通信地址执行用于数据等的交换的通信。 Further, each device is specified by referring to the printing device management information system configuration management database 50, a communication address (a communication device by using the communication address for the print processing), and performs a data communication using the address of the exchange communication. 此外,作为参照构造管理数据库50的各个设备的替代,由于不时地向各个设备通知存储在构造管理数据库50中的信息,因此各个设备可总是具有最新的设备管理信息和打印系统管理信息。 Further, as an alternative reference configuration management database 50 of each device, from time to time due to the notification information stored in each device configuration management database 50, so that each device can always have the latest device management information and management information of the printing system.

[0093] 虽然在图2的示例中,构造管理数据库50设为数据通信网络60上的独立设备,但是作为替代,数据通信网络60上的诸如管理设备10之类的某设备可起到构造管理数据库50的作用。 [0093] Although in the example of FIG. 2, the configuration of the database management apparatus 50 to separate the data communication network 60, but instead, such as management device 10 or the like on the data communication network 60 may function as a device configured to manage database role 50.

[0094] 将参照图5描述根据打印系统的打印作业的处理流程的示例。 [0094] Referring to FIG 5 will be described with an example of processing flow of the printing system print job. 在图5的示例中,打印系统80被构造为具有一个管理设备10、两个解释器20和一个打印控制设备30 (以及打印设备40)。 In the example of Figure 5, the printing system 80 is configured to have a management device 10, 20 and two interpreters a print control device 30 (and the printing apparatus 40).

[0095] (I)管理设备10从客户机70接收包括PDL数据的打印作业。 [0095] (I) the management device 10 from the client 70 receives the print job including PDL data. 接收到的打印作业的PDL数据被保持在管理设备10中作为输入作业100,并且(2)被分别传输到两个解释器20。 PDL data of the print job received is held in the management apparatus 10 as an input job 100, and (2) are respectively transmitted to both interpreter 20. 将整个输入作业100传输至各个解释器20的一个原因是考虑以非页独立roUpagedependent F1DL)描述输入作业100的情况。 One reason for the entire job 100 is transmitted to the respective input interpreter 20 is considered a non-independent page roUpagedependent F1DL) where the job input 100 is described. 由于在页独立F1DL的情况下用于某个页的命令还影响其它后续页的打印图像,因此,即使解释器20仅产生输入作业100的一些页的中间数据,也必须从一开始解释整个输入作业100,以正确地产生中间数据。 Since a command for printing a page of image also affects other subsequent pages in the case of separate page F1DL, therefore, some of the pages of the intermediate data 100 of the interpretation even 20 generates an input job only, it is necessary to explain the entire input from the outset operations 100 to generate intermediate data correctly. 相反,当以页独立PDL描述输入作业100时,各个解释器20可仅供应输入作业100中将由解释器20产生其中间数据的页的PDL数据。 Conversely, when a page independent PDL input job description 100, interpreter 20 each can only be explained by the input job 100 20 generates PDL data wherein data between pages. 此外,在图5中的示例中将整个输入作业100传输至各个解释器20的另一原因是,一旦传输了整个输入作业100,则将被分配至解释器20的页(换句话说,将要产生中间数据的页)由于随后的任何原因从预定页改变,也容易应对这种情况。 Further, in the example of FIG. 5 in the entire input job 100 is transmitted to the respective interpreter 20 Another reason is that, once the transmission of the entire input operation 100, the page will be allocated to the interpreter 20 (in other words, it will be generating the page intermediate data) due to the reason of any subsequent change from the predetermined page, can easily deal with this situation. 换句话说,管理设备10可仅向解释器20通知待分配的页码,并且当待分配的对象改变时,可仅通知在改变之后待分配的页码。 In other words, the page management device 10 may be dispensed only notifies the interpreter 20, and when the object to be dispensed is changed, the page may be notified only after the change to be dispensed. 相反,在其中仅将待分配的页的PDL数据提供至解释器20的方案的情况下,当预定的分配存在改变时,需要将在改变之后待分配的页的PDL数据发送至解释器20。 In contrast, the PDL data page in which only be dispensed is provided to the case where the program interpreter 20, the PDL data of the page when there is changed a predetermined distribution, it is necessary to be dispensed after the change is sent to the interpreter 20.

[0096] (3)管理设备10命令两个解释器20产生各自分离的页的中间数据。 [0096] (3) The management device 10 generates two command interpreter 20 are separated from each intermediate data page. 在示出的示例中,管理设备10命令一个解释器20产生奇数页的中间数据,并且命令另一解释器20产生偶数页的中间数据。 In the example illustrated, the management device 10 a command interpreter 20 generates the intermediate data of odd pages, and other command interpreter 20 generates the intermediate data of the even pages. 例如,首先,管理设备10命令一个解释器20产生第一页的中间数据,并且命令另一解释器20产生第二页的中间数据,并且接着命令分别产生第三页和第四页的中间数据、第五页和第六页的中间数据、……。 For example, first, the management device 10 a command interpreter 20 generates the intermediate data of the first page, and the command interpreter 20 further generates the intermediate data of the second page, third page and then command generation and the intermediate data of the fourth page, respectively , the fifth page and the sixth page intermediate data, ....... (4)通过这种并行的命令,两个解释器20并行地执行两个页的中间数据的产生。 (4) in this order in parallel, two interpreter 20 performed in parallel to generate intermediate data of two pages. 这里,当以非页独立PDL描述输入作业100时,各个解释器20从一开始按顺序解释输入作业100,并且根据解释改变内状态。 Here, when the non-independent page description PDL job input 100, from a respective interpreter 20 interprets the input job start order 100, and change state according to the interpretation. 然后,各个解释器20根据内状态产生用于由管理设备10命令的页的中间数据。 Then, each of the intermediate data interpreter 20 generates page command is used by the management apparatus 10 according to the state. 解释器20包括用于积累产生的中间数据的中间数据积累单元22和用于记录已完成中间数据产生的页的信息的管理表24。 Interpreter 20 includes an intermediate data accumulated intermediate data accumulating unit 22 for recording the generated management table has been completed the intermediate information data generated page 24. 解释器20将产生的页的中间数据存储在中间数据积累单元22中,并向管理表24添加指定该页的信息作为指示产生的页的信息。 Page intermediate data storage interpreter 20 generated in the intermediate data accumulation unit 22, and the management information table on page 24 was added as information for specifying the page indications generated. 指定该页的信息是例如输入作业100的一组识别信息和输入作业100中的页的页码。 Page 100 of the information designating the page 100 is an input job, for example, a set of identification information and the input job.

[0097] 当到达打印输出的时间时,将在中间数据积累单元22中积累的各个页的中间数据按顺序传输至打印控制设备30。 [0097] When the time reaches the printout, the order of data transfer in the middle of each page intermediate data accumulated in the accumulation unit 22 to the print control device 30. (5)在打印控制设备30根据用户指定的拼版条件将各个接收到的页的中间数据在物理页上拼版之后,其将中间数据光栅化(也就是说,转换为光栅图像),并控制打印设备40打印通过光栅化获得的打印图像数据。 (5) after printing control apparatus 30 in accordance with user-specified conditions imposition each received intermediate data page imposition on the physical page, which the intermediate data rasterization (i.e., converted to a raster image), and controls the printing by printing device 40 prints the image data obtained by rasterizing. 在示出的示例中,将两页逻辑页拼版为一页物理页。 In the example shown, the two logical pages to one physical page imposition.

[0098] 在打印系统80中,可考虑如下情况:打印系统80中的打印控制设备30和打印设备40中的至少一个由于故障而不能执行正常操作。 [0098] In the printing system 80, consider the following: at least one can not be performed due to a failure in normal operation of the printing system 40 the print control apparatus 80 and printing apparatus 30.

[0099] 例如,如图6中的⑷所示,在包括打印控制设备30-1和打印设备40-1的组的打印系统80-1中,假设正在执行打印作业的打印输出的同时,打印控制设备30-1和打印设备40-1中的至少一个发生故障。 While [0099] For example, as shown in FIG. 6 ⑷, in the printing system 80-140-1 group 30-1 includes a print control apparatus and printing apparatus, the printout is being executed is assumed that the print job, the print the control device 30-1 and the printing apparatus a malfunction occurs in at least 40-1. 在以下描述中,假设打印系统80-1(管理设备10-1、解释器20-1、…和打印设备40-1)代表故障的打印系统或其组件,并且打印系统80-2(管理设备10-2、…和打印设备40-2)代表正常打印系统或其组件。 In the following description, it is assumed that the printing system 80-1 (management device 10-1, 20-1 explained, ... 40-1 and the printing apparatus) on behalf of the printing system or component failure, and 80-2 of the printing system (management device 10-2, ... 40-2 and the printing apparatus) represents a normal printing system or its components.

[0100] 在这种情况下,如果不采用任何对策,则如图6中的(B)所示,(I)在故障过程中打印控制设备30-1和打印设备40-1中的打印暂停。 [0100] In this case, if no measures are not employed, then the 6 (B) shown, (the I) the print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30-1 fault during pauses in printing in FIG. 40-1 . 当打印设备40-1发生故障时,在故障过程中打印自然暂停,相似地,当用于将打印图像数据供应至打印设备40-1的打印控制设备30-1发生故障时,打印也暂停。 40-1 printing apparatus when a failure occurs, failure in a natural pausing printing process, similarly, when the print image data to the printing apparatus for supplying print control apparatus when a failure occurs 40-1 30-1, print also suspended. (2)结果,整个打印系统80-1进入不可用状态。 (2) As a result, the entire printing system 80-1 into an unusable state. 在这种情况下,(3)用户从客户机70再次向同一超级系统中的当前未使用的打印系统80-2输入目前为止执行的作业,(4)再次从第一页按顺序执行解释,并且(5)再次从第一页执行打印。 In this case, (3) user input from the client 70 again to the printing system not currently in use in the same system 80-2 super job execution date, in order to explain a first page to perform (4) again from, and (5) from the first page to perform the printing again. 可以考虑在暂停的打印系统80-1中从已打印的页的下一页开始再次重复打印,但是在许多情况下,由于计算已打印的页的操作复杂,因此在许多情况下,会从开头再次执行打印。 Can be considered to start again repeatedly printed in the printing system 80-1 suspended from the next page of a printed, but in many cases, complex computing operations due to the printed page, so in many cases, from the beginning printing is performed again. 此夕卜,在这种情况下,丢弃已在正常操作的解释器20-1中产生的中间数据。 Bu this evening, in this case, to discard the generated intermediate data interpreter 20-1 in normal operation.

[0101] 关于这些问题,在示例性实施例中,如图7中的(A)所示,当打印系统80-1中的打印控制设备30-1或打印设备40-1发生故障时,管理设备10-1检测到故障。 [0101] For these problems, in the exemplary embodiment of FIG. 7 (A), when the printing system the print control apparatus 80-1 30-1 40-1 failure or printing apparatus, management device 10-1 detects a fault.

[0102] 如图7中的(B)所示,在这种情况下,相似地,(I)暂时地暂停在打印系统80-1中的打印。 [0102] in FIG. 7 (B), in this case, similarly, (the I) to suspend printing in the printing system 80-1 temporarily.

[0103] (2)这里,在示例性实施例中,打印系统80-1不完全暂停,并且管理设备10-1在该时间内执行救援处理(relief process)。 [0103] (2) where, in an exemplary embodiment, the printing system 80-1 is not completely suspended, and the management device 10-1 performs processing aid (relief process) at this time. 在救援处理中,故障的打印控制设备30_1和打印设备40-1至少暂时地从打印系统80-1分离。 In the rescue process, the print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30_1 failure 40-1 at least temporarily isolated from the printing system 80-1. 此外,从超级系统中的另一打印系统80-2借用一对打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2,然后将它们暂时地装配在打印系统80-1中。 In addition, the printing system from another system super borrow one pair of print-control apparatus 80-2 30-2 40-2 and printing apparatus, which are then temporarily assembled in the printing system 80-1.

(3)在该流程中,没必要如在另一打印系统80-2中再次从开头执行打印的情况那样将打印作业数据从客户机再次输入到打印系统。 (3) In this process, it is not necessary as in the case of the print job data 80-2 performs printing again from the beginning of another print system input again from the client to the printing system. (4)如果按照这种方式借用打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2,则将作为打印系统80-1中的多个解释器20的解释结果的中间数据发送至借用的打印控制设备30-2。 (4) If the print control apparatus borrowing in this manner the printing apparatus 30-2 and 40-2 will be sent to the print control apparatus borrowed as the intermediate data interpreter to interpret the results of the plurality of the printing system 20 80-1 30-2. (5)打印控制设备30-2根据接收到的中间数据产生打印图像数据,并将打印图像数据供应至打印设备40-2。 (5) The printing control apparatus 30-2 generates print image data from the intermediate data received, and the print image data supplied to the printing apparatus 40-2. 因此,从下一页再次开始打印而不用向打印系统80-2再次输入打印作业。 Therefore, from the beginning of the next print again without input 80-2 printing system to print the job again.

[0104] 为了实现上述处理,管理设备10-1包括例如图8所示的功能性模块。 [0104] In order to achieve the above-described processing, the management apparatus 101 includes, for example, functional blocks shown in Fig.

[0105] 分配单元12执行以下处理:将正执行的一页打印作业分配至打印系统80-1中的各个解释器20-1以进行解释。 [0105] assignment unit 12 performs the following process: being performed to a print job assigned to the respective printing system interpreter 80-1 to 20-1 will be explained. 当在打印系统80-1中的打印控制设备30-1或打印设备40-1中发生故障时,故障检测单元14检测故障的发生。 When a failure occurs in the print control apparatus 40-1 in the printing system 30-1 or 80-1 in the printing apparatus, the occurrence of the failure detecting a failure detection unit 14. 作为检测故障发生的方法,将稍后描述具体示例。 As a method of detecting a fault occurs, a specific example will be described later. 当故障检测单元14检测到打印控制设备30-1或打印设备40-1的故障时,故障处置和处理单元16响应于故障执行使打印作业继续的救援处理。 When the failure detection unit 14 detects a failure print control apparatus 30-1 or 40-1 of the printing apparatus, the fault handling and the processing unit 16 in response to a failure to perform the print job to continue the processing aid. 也就是说,故障处置和处理单元16将打印控制设备30-1和打印设备40-1从打印系统80分离,并请求打印系统80-2的管理设备10-2出借打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2。 That is, the fault handling and the print processing unit 16 is separated from the printing system 40-1 80 30-1 control apparatus and printing apparatus, and management apparatus requests the printing system 80-2 10-2 30-2 print control apparatus and rental printing device 40-2. 如果管理设备10_2响应于出借请求同意出借打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2,则故障处置和处理单元16在打印系统80-1中装配打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2。 If the management device 10_2 in response to the request for consent lent lent print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30-2 40-2, the fault handling and the processing unit 16 is fitted in the printing system 80-1 in the print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30-2 40-2 . 然后,如果命令将解释结果数据输出至打印系统80-1中的解释器20-1,则解释器20-1将解释结果数据传输至在打印系统80-1中新装配的打印控制设备30-2。 Then, if the command interpretation result output the data to the printing system explained in 80-1 20-1, 20-1 to the interpreter to interpret the results data to the print control apparatus 80-1 in a new assembly of the printing system 30- 2. 因此,通过借用的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2打印通过解释器20-1产生的解释结果数据。 Thus, by interpreting the print data interpretation results 20-1 generated by the print control apparatus and printing apparatus borrowed 30-2 40-2. 当从另一打印系统80接收出借请求时,出借处理部分18响应于该请求在其自身的系统中执行打印控制设备30-1和打印设备40-1的出借处理,或者将从作为借用者的打印系统归还的打印控制设备30-1和打印设备40-1再次装配到其自身的系统中。 Upon receiving a request from another lending printing system 80, in response to lending processing section 18 performs printing control apparatus 30-1 and 40-1 of the printing apparatus lending process in its own system to the request, or from a borrower returned printing system print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30-1 40-1 fitted to its own system again.

[0106] 上文中,已描述了当打印系统80中的打印控制设备30或打印设备40发生故障时的示例性实施例的控制要点。 [0106] In the above, the control points has been described, when the print control apparatus 80 of the printing system 30 the printing apparatus 40 or failure of an exemplary embodiment. 接着,将参照图9至图12更加详细地描述示例性实施例的控制。 Next, with reference to FIGS. 9 to 12 an exemplary embodiment of the control described in more detail.

[0107] 当在管理设备10的控制下检测到在打印系统80中的打印控制设备30或打印设备40中发生故障时,执行图9所示的过程。 [0107] When it is detected when a fault occurs in the printing system 40 the print control apparatus 80 or printing apparatus 30, as shown in FIG 9 is executed under the control of the management device 10 process. 将检测故障的方法大致划分为两种类型。 The method of detecting a failure is roughly divided into two types.

[0108] 一种类型对应于其中管理设备10不能与(故障的)打印控制设备30通信的情况。 [0108] One type corresponds to a case where the management device 10 controls the communication device 30 and can not print (failure). 作为这种情况的示例,存在打印控制设备30崩溃的情况、切断电源的情况或者在将管理设备10与打印控制设备30连接的网络中发生故障的情况。 As an example of this case, there is a case where the print control device 30 crash, when the power is off or in the case of the failure management device 10 and the print control device 30 is connected in a network. 由于同一打印系统80-1中的管理设备10-1和打印控制设备30-1对于打印作业的执行针对它们之间的询问或响应执行通信而不停止,因此,例如当所述询问的响应未从打印控制设备30-1返回时确定打印控制设备30-1发生故障。 Since the same printing system management apparatus 80-1 and 10-1 to 30-1 print control apparatus for executing a print job in response to interrogation between them or perform communication without stop, and therefore, for example, when the response to the query is not 30-1 determines that the print control apparatus is returned from the print failure occurs in the control apparatus 30-1.

[0109] 作为另一类型的故障检测,存在这样一种情况:打印控制设备30中的控制部分检测打印控制设备30中的逻辑故障或物理故障以及打印设备40中的故障,并向管理设备10通知所述故障。 [0109] As another type of fault detected, there is a case: the print control section 30 detects the printing apparatus control apparatus 30 is logical or physical failure and malfunction failure in the printing apparatus 40, to the management apparatus 10 the fault notification. 作为逻辑故障,例如,具有打印控制设备30中的管理信息的损坏、正被执行的程序的故障等。 As a logical failure, e.g., a printing defect management information control apparatus 30, the failure of the program being executed, and the like. 作为物理故障,例如,具有设置在打印控制设备30中的诸如硬盘的物理模块的故障。 As a physical failure, e.g., having a fault setting print control module in the physical device 30 such as a hard disk. 在这种类型中,管理设备10可与打印控制设备30通信,因此,打印控制设备30向管理设备10通知在打印控制设备30或连接的打印设备40内发生故障的事实,从而管理设备10检测到在打印控制设备30或打印设备40中发生了故障。 In this type, the print management device 10 may control the communication device 30, therefore, the print control device 30 notifies the control 10 detects the fact that the printing apparatus or the printing apparatus 30 connected to the failure 40, whereby the management device to the management device 10 to a failure has occurred in the print control apparatus 30 or the printing apparatus 40. 当打印控制设备30中的控制部分检测到打印控制设备30的各个组件的故障或者打印设备40的故障时,在向管理设备10通知故障之后,控制部分可切断打印控制设备30和打印设备40中的发生故障的任一个的电源,或者切断打印控制设备30和打印设备40 二者的电源。 When the print control portion of the device 30 when a fault is detected the fault various components of a printing control apparatus 30 or the printing apparatus 40, after notifying the fault to the management device 10, the control 40 portion can cut the printing control apparatus 30 and printing apparatus any one of the power failure, or shut off the print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30 of both the power supply 40. 因此,当用户到达打印控制设备30和打印设备40的位置以修理故障的组件时,由于已切断电源,因此可快速开始修理。 Thus, when the user reaches the position of the print control device 30 and the printing device 40 to repair the failed component, since the power supply has been cut off, it can quickly start repair.

[0110] 下文中,将利用图7中的(A)和图7中的(B)所示的系统作为示例来描述图9中的处理过程。 In [0110] Hereinafter, and as the use of the system shown in FIG. 7 (B) in (A) of FIG. 7 will be described an example of processing procedure in FIG. 当在执行某个打印作业的同时检测到在打印系统80-1中的打印控制设备30-1或打印设备40-1中的故障的发生时,打印系统80-1中的管理设备10-1停止接收新作业(SlO)。 When a print job while performing fault is detected in the print control apparatus 40-1 in the printing system 30-1 or 80-1 in the printing apparatus management apparatus 10-1 80-1 in the printing system stop receiving new job (SlO). 然后,在处理故障之前,客户机70不能将打印作业输入至打印系统80-1。 Then, prior to treatment failure, the client 70 can input a print job to the print system 80-1. 然后,确定是否存在打印输出期间的作业(S12)。 Then, it is determined whether there is a job (S12) during printout. 如果不存在打印输出期间的作业,则完成图9中描述的处理而不执行任何操作。 If the job does not exist during the printout, the process described in Figure 9 is completed without performing any operations. 在这种情况下,打印系统80-1由于故障而进入暂停状态,并等待故障的修理。 In this case, the printing system 80-1 due to a failure to enter a suspended state, and wait for troubleshooting. 即使不存在打印输出期间的作业,则当已存在接收时(但当打印输出还未开始时),可按照与存在打印输出期间的作业的情况下相同的方式(稍后描述)处置这种情况。 Even during the print output job does not exist, when receiving an existing (print output but has not yet started), a (described later) disposal of such case in the same manner during a case where there is a printing job output .

[0111] 当S12中的确定结果为是时(如果存在打印输出期间的作业),管理设备10-1停止该作业的打印输出,并向输入该打印作业的用户询问是否继续打印系统80-1中的打印(S14)。 [0111] When the determination result in S12 is YES (during operation if there is a print output), the management device 10-1 stops outputting the print job, the user inputs the print job to the printing system asks whether to continue 80-1 print (S14). 可通过例如在连接至管理设备10-1或客户机70的显示设备中显示图10所示的询问屏幕200执行该询问。 For example, by asking the screen shown in Figure 10 is displayed in the query 200 performs the management device connected to the display apparatus 101 or the client 70. 询问屏幕200包括正被执行的作业的识别标题,以及指示打印控制设备30-1或打印设备40-1发生故障的消息。 Query screen 200 includes a job being executed identifier header, and a message indicating the print control apparatus 30-1 or 40-1 printing device failure. 此外,在询问屏幕200上,示出了打印作业中已被输出的页数和关于未输出的页数的信息。 Further, on the inquiry screen 200, it shows the number of pages in the print job has been outputted and information about the number of pages is not output. 该信息用作用于确定用户是继续打印系统80-1中的打印还是在另一打印系统80 (例如,打印系统80-2)中从开头重新启动打印的数据。 This information is used for determining the user to continue printing is a printing system 80-1 of the printing system 80 or other data (e.g., printing system 80-2) to restart from the beginning in printing. 作为用于该确定的数据,例如,除图10所示的示例之外,还可使用输出页数与打印作业的总页数的比率。 As data for the determination, for example, in addition to the example shown in FIG 10, may also be used the ratio of the total number of pages of the print job output sheets. 当用户关于该询问在打印系统80-1中不选择继续处理时(当S14的确定结果为否时),管理设备10-1停止执行打印作业,并完成图9中的处理。 When the user does not choose to continue on the query processing in the printing system 80-1 (S14 when the determination result is NO), the management device 10-1 stops executing the print job, and completes the processing in FIG.

[0112] 当用户关于该询问在打印设备80-1中选择连续处理时(当S14的确定结果为是时),管理设备10-1请求另一打印系统(例如,打印系统80-2)中的管理设备10-2出借在超级系统中存在的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2 (S16)。 [0112] When a user query on the selected continuous process in the printing apparatus 80-1 (S14 when the determination result is YES), the management device 10-1 requests another printing system (e.g., printing system 80-2) of the presence management device 10-2 super lending system print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30-2 40-2 (S16). 管理设备10_1参照构造管理数据库50中的打印系统管理信息,指定该另一打印系统80-2的管理设备10-2,从同一数据库中的设备管理信息中获得指定的管理设备10-2的通信地址,并利用该通信地址将出借请求发送至该另一系统的管理设备10-2。 The printing system management information 50 with reference to the management device 10_1 configuration management database, which specifies another printing system management apparatus 80-2 to 10-2, to obtain the specified communication apparatus 10-2 from the management apparatus management information in the same database address, and uses the communication management device 10-2 lent address request to the other system. 在该示例中,假设在不存在正执行的作业的情况下,或在存在正执行的作业但在完成执行该作业之后的情况下,接收出借请求的打印系统80-2的管理设备10-2立即出借打印系统80-2中的打印控制设备30_2和打印设备40-2。 In this example, it is assumed in the case where the job being executed is not present, or in the presence management device 10-2 job being executed in the case after the completion of execution of the job, the printing system receives a request to lend 80-2 Now lend printing control apparatus 30_2 in the printing system 80-2 and 40-2 of the printing apparatus.

[0113] 如果作出出借请求的管理设备10-1从作为请求的另一方的管理设备10-2接收到指示出借同意的通知(S18),则管理设备10-1在管理设备10-1的管理下改变打印系统80-1的构造(S20)。 Notice [0113] If the request is made lending management device 10-1 receives a request other management device 10-2 indicating rental agreement (S18), the management device in the management device management 10-1 10-1 changing the configuration (S20) the printing system 80-1. 也就是说,管理设备10-1从构造管理数据库50中的关于打印系统80-1的管理信息中删除故障的打印控制设备30-1和打印设备40-1的设备ID,并且作为替代,将包括在出借同意的消息中的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2的设备ID加至管理信息。 That is, the management device 10-1 from the management database 50 configured to print information on the management control apparatus in a printing system 80-1 and 30-1 remove the failed device ID 40-1 of the printing apparatus, and instead, the includes a printing control apparatus lending agreement message 30-2 ID 40-2 and printing devices added to the management information. 根据构造改变,构造管理数据库50在构造改变之后向属于打印系统80-1的各个设备通知打印系统80-1的管理信息。 According to the configuration change, the configuration management database 50 manages information 80-1 to 80-1 of the respective devices that the printing system is a printing system after the configuration change. 因此,打印系统80-1中的各个解释器20-1识别产生的中间数据的输出目的地是借用的打印控制设备30-2。 Thus, the output destination of each of the printing system 80-1 20-1 identified interpreter generates intermediate data is the print control apparatus 30-2 borrowed.

[0114] 在构造改变之后,管理设备10-1重新启动打印作业的打印输出(S22)。 [0114] After the configuration change, the management device to restart the printout 10-1 (S22) the print job. 也就是说,管理设备10-1命令打印系统80-1中的各个解释器20-1重新启动解释结果(中间数据)至打印控制设备30-2的供应,并命令打印控制设备30-2重新启动打印。 That is, the print command system management device 10-1 80-1 20-1 in the respective interpreter restarts the interpretation result (intermediate data) supplied to the print control apparatus 30-2, 30-2 and instructs the print control apparatus re start printing. 此时,由于打印系统80-1中的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2是从另一打印系统借用的正常设备,因此正常执行打印输出。 In this case, since the printing system, the print control apparatus 80-1 30-2 and 40-2 of the printing apparatus are borrowed from another printing system, the normal equipment, so a normal print output.

[0115] 管理设备10-1继续打印输出,直到在S12中确定为打印期间的(或确定为已被接收的)作业的打印输出完成(S24)。 [0115] printout management device 10-1 continues until it is determined in S12 and printed as during printing (or determined to have been received) job is completed (S24). 此外,如果完成打印输出,则管理设备10-1询问用户是否将在S20中改变的系统构造恢复为原始状态(S26)。 Furthermore, if the printout is completed, the management apparatus 101 asks the user whether to change the system is configured in S20 restored to the original state (S26). 在该询问中,例如,在连接至管理设备10-1或客户机70的显示设备中显示图11所示的询问屏幕210。 In this query, for example, to display an inquiry screen 210 shown in Figure 11 is connected to a management device or a display device 10-1 of the client 70. 在该询问屏幕上,显示指示打印作业在被执行时的输出完成的消息和询问是否执行系统构造的恢复的询问消息。 On this inquiry screen, the display indicating that the print job is performed when the output completion message and query message asking whether to perform the recovery of the system configuration. 当用户关于该询问执行指示该构造不恢复为原始状态的命令时,管理设备10-1使得打印系统80-1进入停止状态,并完成图9中描述的处理。 When the user commands the execution instruction with respect to the query structure is not restored to the original state, so that the printing system management device 10-1 80-1 stopped state, and completes the processing described in FIG. 然后,执行故障的打印控制设备30-1和打印设备40-1的修理,然后,根据需要重新启动打印系统80-1。 Then, the print control apparatus to perform fault 30-1 and 40-1 of the printing apparatus to repair and restart the printing system 80-1 according to need. 这里,打印系统80-1的构造可恢复为原始状态,或者可针对重新启动按原样使用在S20中改变的系统构造。 Here, the configuration of the printing system 80-1 restore its original state, or may be used as a system configuration change in S20 for restart.

[0116] 当用户在S26中选择指示系统构造恢复为原始状态的消息时(当确定结果为是时),管理设备10-1将借用的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2从打印系统80-1分离(也就是说,从构造管理数据库50中的打印系统管理信息的对应的系统的条目删除借用的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2),并将在S20中分离的故障的打印控制设备30_1和打印设备40-1再次装配到打印系统80-1中。 [0116] When the user selects a message indicating the system is configured to restore the original state in S26 (when the determination result is YES), the print control apparatus management apparatus 10-1 to 30-2 and borrowed from the printing apparatus prints 40-2 80-1 separation system (that is, the printing control apparatus for an entry from the management information system of the printing system 50 is configured to delete the management database and a printing device borrowed 30-2 40-2), and the separation in the S20 fault print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30_1 40-1 80-1 fitted to the printing system again. 此外,管理设备10-1向作为在S18中出借打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2的出借者的打印系统80-2的管理设备10_2通知已归还在S28中分离的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2 (S30)。 Further, the management apparatus 10-1 to 30-2 as the lent a print control apparatus and printing apparatus lenders 40-2 80-2 printing system management device 10_2 notifies the print control apparatus has been returned in the separation in S18 S28 30 2 and the printing apparatus 40-2 (S30). 因此,作为出借者的打印系统80-2恢复为出借之前的系统构造。 Therefore, as a lender of 80-2 printing system recovery system constructed prior to lend. 然后,执行对故障的打印控制设备30-1和打印设备40-1的修理,然后,根据需要重新启动打印系统80-1。 Then, the print control apparatus performing repairs faults 30-1 and 40-1 of the printing apparatus, then, restart the printing system 80-1 according to need.

[0117] 上文中,已参照图9描述了其中在打印控制设备30或打印设备40中发生故障的打印系统80的管理设备10的处理过程。 In [0117] the above-described process wherein the print control device 30 in the printing device or system failure in the management device 40 has reference 10. 80 Fig. 接着,将参照图12描述出借打印控制设备30或打印设备40的打印系统80的管理设备10的处理过程。 Next, the process will be described lend printing apparatus controls the printing system 30 the printing apparatus 40 or 80 of the management apparatus 10 with reference to FIG. 12.

[0118] 如果从其中发生故障的打印系统80-1的管理设备10-1接收到出借请求(图9中的S16),则启动图12中的处理过程。 [0118] If the printing system wherein the failure management apparatus 80-1 to 10-1 receives the rental request (S16 in FIG. 9), the processing is started in FIG. 12. 在这种情况下,管理设备10-2确定是否存在打印输出期间的作业(S40)。 In this case, the management device 10-2 determines whether there is a job (S40) during printout. 如果存在打印输出期间的作业,则管理设备10-2等待直至该作业的打印输出完成(S42)。 If the job print output period exists, the management apparatus 102 waits until the output of the print job is completed (S42). 如果完成了该打印输出,则管理设备10-2回复指示出借同意的消息(S44)。 If the printout is completed, the device 10-2 reply message indicates that the loan agreement (S44) the management. 该回复可包括关于将被出借的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2的设备ID和设备类型的信息。 The reply may include a device ID and device type information on the print control apparatus to be lent 30-2 and 40-2 of the printing apparatus. 当在S40中确定不存在打印输出期间的作业时,该过程跳过S42并前进至S44,以发送出借同意的回复。 When it is determined during the job does not exist in the print output S40, the process skips S42 and the process proceeds to S44, lending consent to transmit a reply. 此外,管理设备10-2与出借同意的回复并行地执行把将被出借的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2从打印系统80-2分离的构造改变(S46)。 Further, the management apparatus 102 performed in parallel with the agreed lease response to the print control apparatus to be lent 30-2 and 40-2 of the printing apparatus changes from a separate configuration of the printing system 80-2 (S46).

[0119] 在构造改变之后,管理设备10-2将打印系统80-2转变为最小模式。 [0119] After the configuration changes, the system management apparatus 10-2 to 80-2 into the smallest printing mode. 在最小模式中,当从客户机70接收到新的打印作业时,管理设备10-2针对该打印作业利用解释器20-2执行解释处理,但暂不进行打印输出。 Minimum mode, when receiving from the client 70 to the new print job management apparatus 10-2 for the print job using an interpreter 20-2 performs interpretation processing, but it would not be printed out. 作为解释结果的中间数据在解释器20-2中进行后台处理,并且在归还了出借的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2之后对该中间数据进行打印输出。 As a result of the intermediate data interpretation in the interpreter 20-2 background processing, and return a print control apparatus and printing apparatus lend 30-2 40-2 after the intermediate data for printout.

[0120] 在转变为最小模式之后,管理设备10-2等待直至从作为借用者的打印系统80-1的管理设备10-1接收到归还通知(图9中的S30)为止。 [0120] After the minimum transition mode, the management apparatus 102 waits until a print system is received from the borrower to the management device 10-180-1 return notification (S30 in FIG. 9) so far. 如果接收到归还通知,则管理设备10-2执行将出借的打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2再次装配到其自身的系统中的构造改变(S50),并从最小模式恢复为正常模式。 Upon receiving the return notification, the print control apparatus management apparatus performs lend 10-2 30-2 40-2 and fitted again to the printing apparatus is configured to change (S50) its own system, and restore the normal mode from the minimum mode. 在正常模式中,管理设备10-2针对在被解释的状态下命令其打印输出的作业执行打印输出。 In the normal mode, for the management device 10-2 to be construed in a state that the job execution command printout of the printout. 此外,如果当接收到出借请求时存在已接收到的其打印还未开始的作业以及在最小模式下接收到的作业,则管理设备10-2执行这些作业的打印输出(S52)。 Furthermore, there is the job which has received the print job has not yet started, and received at the minimum when receiving mode when lending request, the management device 10-2 performs printout of the job (S52). 也就是说,管理设备10-2命令各个解释器20-2将该作业的后台处理的中间数据传输至归还的打印控制设备30-2。 That is, the intermediate print data transmission control apparatus management apparatus 10-2 20-2 command interpreter the respective background job processing to return 30-2.

[0121] 在图9和图12中示出的处理中,接收到出借请求的管理设备10-2必须执行打印控制设备30-2和打印设备40-2的出借,但该构造仅为示例。 [0121] In the process shown in FIG. 12 and FIG. 9, the received request lending management apparatus 10-2 must perform print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30-2 40-2 lending, but this configuration is merely exemplary. 相反,接收到出借请求的管理设备10-2可拒绝出借请求。 Instead, the received request management apparatus 10-2 lent lent reject request. 例如,可针对各个打印系统80设置是否同意出借打印控制设备30和打印设备40。 For example, 80 may be provided agree to lend the print control device 30 and a printing device 40 for each printing system. 在这种情况下,设为不同意出借的打印系统80的管理设备10回复指示拒绝来自另一打印系统80的管理设备10的出借请求的消息。 In this case, the management device does not agree to the printing system 10, 80 lend reply message indicating the rejection of the management device 80 from another printing system 10 of the lending request. 此外,作为按照这种方式针对各个打印系统80执行固定设置的替代,当用户在某个打印系统80中连续地执行多个作业时,用户可指明在所述多个作业的打印输出完成之前不同意出借打印控制设备30和打印设备40。 Further, as performed in this way 80 fixed to the respective alternative printing system, when a user before the printing system 80 at a continuously execute a plurality of jobs, the user may specify the plurality of jobs for printing output completion is not agreed to lend the print control device 30 and the printing device 40. 被某个打印系统80拒绝其出借请求的管理设备10可向另一打印系统80的管理设备10作出请求。 80 is a printing system denied its lending request management apparatus 10 may make a request to the management device 10 to another printing system 80.

[0122] 包括在超级系统中的各个管理设备10可执行图9和图12中的处理二者,因此当在其自身的系统中发生故障时执行图9中的过程,并且当从另一系统接收到出借请求时执行图12中的过程。 [0122] The process includes both 9 and 12 in the respective management apparatus 10 may perform a super FIG system, thus performs the process of FIG. 9 when a failure occurs in its own system and when the system from another FIG 12 performs the process upon receipt of the lending request.

[0123] 上文中,已描述了本发明的示例性实施例。 [0123] Hereinabove, exemplary embodiments have been described with exemplary embodiments of the present invention. 所述示例性实施例仅为根据本发明的构造的示例。 The exemplary configuration according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention only. 在本发明的范围内可作出各种修改。 Various modifications may be made within the scope of the present invention.

[0124] 例如,在上述示例性实施例中,由于打印控制设备30和打印设备40是通过专用接口连接的一对,因此将所述一对打印控制设备30和打印设备40 —体地借出和借入,但这仅是示例。 [0124] For example, in the above exemplary embodiment, since the printing control apparatus 30 and printing apparatus 40 via a dedicated connection interface, the pair of the printing control apparatus 30 and printing apparatus 40 - form lent and borrowing, but this is only an example. 当打印设备40也连接至数据通信网络60 (见图2)时,可分别分离地借出和借入打印控制设备30和打印设备40。 When the printing device 40 is also connected to the data communication network 60 (see FIG. 2), respectively separately lending and borrowing a print control device 30 and the printing apparatus 40. 例如,当在特定打印系统80的打印设备40中发生故障而在打印控制设备30中未发生故障时,打印系统80可仅从另一打印系统80借用打印设备40 (这里是连接至数据通信网络60的设备)。 For example, when a failure occurs in a particular printing system 80 the printing apparatus 40 when the failure has not occurred in the print control device 30, the printing system 80 the printing system 80 can only borrow another printing apparatus 40 (here, connected to the data communication network 60 devices). 相似地,当在打印控制设备30中发生故障而在打印设备40中未发生故障时,打印系统80可仅从另一打印系统80借用打印控制设备30。 Similarly, when a malfunction occurs in the print control device 30 and not a failure occurs in the printing apparatus 40, the printing system 80 can only borrow another printing system 80 the print control device 30. 当打印设备40也连接至同一打印系统80中的数据通信网络60时,可通过同一打印系统80中的打印控制设备30和管理设备10中的任一个来检测打印设备40的故障。 When the printing apparatus 40 is also connected to the same printing system 80 of the data communication network 60, any one of the print control device 30 and the management device 80 in the same printing system 10 to a fault detecting device 40 by printing. 当打印控制设备30检测到故障时,将检测到的故障通知到管理设备10。 When the print control apparatus 30 detects a fault, the detected fault notification to the management device 10. 检测打印设备40的故障的方法可与上述示例性实施例中的故障检测方法相同。 The method of detecting a failure of the printing apparatus 40 may be the same as the above-described failure detection exemplary embodiment method.

[0125] 此外,例如,在上述示例性实施例中,解释器20将PDL数据转换为中间数据,并且打印控制设备30将中间数据转换为光栅形式的打印图像数据等,但本发明不限于此。 [0125] Further, for example, in the above exemplary embodiment, the PDL interpreter 20 converts the data into intermediate data, and the print control device 30 to the intermediate image data into print data of a raster format, and the like, but the present invention is not limited thereto . 例如,解释器20可将PDL数据转换为中间数据,并且打印控制设备30可按照打印顺序布置从一个或更多个解释器20传输的打印图像数据,或者可组合打印图像数据,以将结果供应至打印设备40。 For example, the interpreter 20 may convert the PDL data into intermediate data, and the print control device 30 may be arranged to print image data transmitted from the one or more print order in accordance with the interpreter 20, or may be a combination of print image data, supplies the result to to the printing apparatus 40.

[0126] 此外,在以上描述中,每当发生故障时,管理设备就询问输入打印作业的用户是否继续打印作业(见图9中的S14)。 [0126] Further, in the above description, whenever a fault occurs, the management device queries the user to input a print job whether to continue the print job (see S14 in FIG. 9). 然而,在当用户输入打印作业时在打印系统80中发生故障的情况下,管理设备可预设是否借另一打印系统80中的打印控制设备30和打印设备40来继续打印作业。 However, when the user inputs a print job in case of failure of the printing system 80, the management device 80 may be preset in the print control apparatus and printing apparatus 30 by means of whether another printing system 40 to continue printing the job. 根据这种预设,例如,即使当用户不在时发生故障,也可执行预设处理而不用等待用户的确认,因此,可执行快速故障救援处理。 According to this preset, for example, the failure does not occur even when the user, can also perform pre-processing without waiting for confirmation by the user, therefore, can perform fast fault recovery process. 当在发生故障时存在能够执行出借的多个其它打印系统时,用户可优先选择和设置其中用户期望继续打印作业的打印系统。 When there are a plurality of other printing systems can be performed when a fault occurs lending, user preferences and settings may be desired by the user wherein the print job to continue printing system.

[0127] 此外,虽然在以上示例中,管理设备10将对应的部分以页为单位分配给同一打印系统80中的多个解释器20,但是可例如按照除页以外的带(band)或片(tile)执行分配。 [0127] Further, although in the above example, the corresponding portion of the management device 10 in page units assigned to the same printing system 80 in a plurality of interpreter 20, for example, but may be other than a page in accordance with (Band) or sheet (tile) performs the allocation. 带是通过平行于在打印设备40的打印处理中的主扫描线的直线将一页等分获得的带状区,而片是通过以分别平行于打印处理的主扫描线和副扫描线的直线竖直地和水平地将一页等分获得的矩形区。 With a line parallel to the strip-shaped region by a main scanning line in the print processing apparatus 40 in an aliquot of the obtained sheet by the main scanning line and the sub-scanning line are parallel to the linear printing process vertically and horizontally, a rectangular region obtained aliquot.

[0128] 例如,通过使得通用计算机执行表示设备的各功能性模块的处理的程序来实现以上例示的管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30。 [0128] For example, to achieve the above management device exemplified by a general purpose computer to execute such processing is shown in each of the functional blocks of the device 10, the interpreter 20 and the print control device 30. 本文涉及的计算机具有作为硬件的电路构造,其中诸如CPU的微处理器、诸如随机存取存储器(RAM)和只读存储器(ROM)的存储器(主存储器)、对诸如硬盘驱动器(HDD)、固态驱动器(SDD)和闪速存储器之类的辅助存储器进行控制的辅助存储器控制器、各种输入和输出(I/O)接口、针对与无线或有线网络的连接执行控制的网络接口等通过例如总线彼此连接。 Herein relates to a computer having a hardware circuit configuration, wherein a microprocessor such as a CPU, memory such as random access memory (RAM) and read only memory (ROM) (main memory), such as a hard disk drive for (an HDD), solid state secondary memory drive (SDD), and a flash memory of a controller for controlling the auxiliary memory, various input and output (I / O) interface, a network interface for wireless or wired network connection control is performed by, for example, a bus, etc. connected to each other. 此外,针对诸如CD、DVD和蓝光盘的便携式盘记录介质通过例如I/O接口进行读和/或写的盘驱动器、针对诸如闪速存储器的各种标准的便携式非易失性记录介质进行读和/或写的存储器阅读器和写入器等可连接至总线。 In addition, for portable disk recording medium such as a CD, DVD and Blu-ray disc of read and / or written by a disc drive, for example, I / O interface, for reading a portable non-volatile recording medium of various standards such as a flash memory and / or write the memory reader and writer, etc. can be connected to the bus. 将其中描述了上面例示的各种功能性模块的处理内容的程序通过诸如CD或DVD的记录介质或诸如网络的通信单元保持在诸如闪速存储器的辅助存储器设备中并安装到计算机。 In which the above-described embodiments illustrate various processing contents of the functional blocks held in the secondary memory device such as flash memory and installed into the computer via a recording medium such as a CD or a DVD, or a communication unit such as a network. 可通过被读到RAM中并且被诸如CPU的微处理器执行的存储在辅助存储器设备中的程序来实现上面例示的功能性模块组。 Functional groups can be read into the RAM module and is shown to achieve the above embodiment such as a CPU program stored in the auxiliary memory is executed by the microprocessor of the device. 此外,管理设备10、解释器20和打印控制设备30的一些功能可实现为硬件电路。 Further, the management device 10, some of the functions interpreter 20 and the print control device 30 may be implemented as a hardware circuit.

[0129] 针对示出和描述的目的提供本发明的示例性实施例的以上描述。 [0129] described with respect to exemplary embodiments shown and described object of the present invention is provided above. 该描述不旨在是全面的,或者将本发明限于公开的确切形式。 This description is not intended to be comprehensive or limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. 明显的是,对于本领域的从业者来说许多修改和改变将是清楚的。 Obviously, for practitioners of the art that many modifications and changes will be apparent. 选择和描述实施例以最好地解释本发明的原理及其实际应用,从而使得本领域其它技术人员能够理解本发明的各种实施例以及适于考虑的特定用途的各种修改形式。 Example embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical application to thereby enable others skilled in the art to understand the invention for various embodiments and various modifications suitable for the particular use contemplated embodiment. 本发明的范围旨在由权利要求及其等同物限定。 The intended scope of the invention defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (19)

1.一种打印管理设备,包括: 故障检测器,其检测打印系统中的打印控制设备和打印设备的故障;以及打印继续控制单元,其执行控制以便:当所述故障检测器检测到打印控制设备和打印设备中的任一个的故障时,所述打印继续控制单元请求另一打印系统出借与打印控制设备和打印设备中的检测到故障的设备对应的设备,并且当响应于该请求而出借作为请求目标的设备时,所述打印继续控制单元通过出借的设备代替检测到故障的设备来继续打印。 A print management apparatus, comprising: a fault detector which detects the printing system the print control apparatus and printing apparatus failure; and continue to control the print unit, which performs control so that: when said fault detector detects a printing control when a failing device and a printing device in any one of the printing unit continues to control the corresponding device requests another device to lend printing system print control apparatus and printing apparatus detects a fault, and in response to the request when lending when a target device as a request, the printing apparatus to continue the control unit detects the fault by replacing the lending apparatus to continue printing.
2.根据权利要求1所述的打印管理设备, 其中,所述打印继续控制单元参照存储了打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的构造管理数据库来确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统,所述打印系统管理信息用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件,所述设备管理信息用于指示所述组件的属性。 The further the print management apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said print control means continues the printing system refers to the storage management information and device management information management database configured to determine a target device as a request lent printing system, the printing system management information for each of a plurality of specified components of the printing system, the device management information indicative of an attribute of the component.
3.根据权利要求2所述的打印管理设备, 其中,当所述作为请求目标的设备被所述另一打印系统出借时,所述打印继续控制单元更新存储在所述构造管理数据库中的关于打印系统的打印系统管理信息。 The print management apparatus according to claim 2, wherein when said printing system further lending the device a request destination, the print control unit continues to update stored on the configuration management database print management information system printing system.
4.根据权利要求1所述的打印管理设备, 其中,所述打印继续控制单元从存储了打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的构造管理数据库接收所述打印系统管理信息和所述设备管理信息的通知,并确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统,所述打印系统管理信息用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件,所述设备管理信息用于指示所述组件的属性。 The print management apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said print control means continues to receive the print system management information and management information from the device configuration management database stores the management information system and the printing device management information notification, and determines as a target of lending the device a request to another printing system, the printing system management information for indicating a plurality of respective components of the printing system, the device management information indicative of an attribute of the component.
5.根据权利要求1所述的打印管理设备,还包括: 出借单元,当从另一打印系统接收到打印控制设备和打印设备中的至少一个的出借请求时,当在所述打印管理设备的管理下正利用所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备执行打印数据的打印输出时,在完成该打印数据的打印输出之后,该出借单元在所述打印管理设备的管理下出借所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备中的所述作为请求目标的设备。 The print management apparatus of claim 1, further comprises: means lend, when received from another printing system to at least one of the lending request print control apparatus and printing apparatus, when the print management device when the management is the output print using the print control apparatus and printing apparatus to perform the print data, after completion of printing the print data output, the lending unit lends the print control apparatus in the print management apparatus managing the apparatus and the request apparatus as a print target.
6.根据权利要求2所述的打印管理设备,还包括: 出借单元,当从另一打印系统接收到打印控制设备和打印设备中的至少一个的出借请求时,当在所述打印管理设备的管理下正利用所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备执行打印数据的打印输出时,在完成该打印数据的打印输出之后,该出借单元在所述打印管理设备的管理下出借所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备中的所述作为请求目标的设备。 6. The print management apparatus of claim 2, further comprises: means lend, when received from another printing system to at least one of the lending request print control apparatus and printing apparatus, when the print management device when the management is the output print using the print control apparatus and printing apparatus to perform the print data, after completion of printing the print data output, the lending unit lends the print control apparatus in the print management apparatus managing the apparatus and the request apparatus as a print target.
7.根据权利要求3所述的打印管理设备,还包括: 出借单元,当从另一打印系统接收到打印控制设备和打印设备中的至少一个的出借请求时,当在所述打印管理设备的管理下正利用所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备执行打印数据的打印输出时,在完成该打印数据的打印输出之后,该出借单元在所述打印管理设备的管理下出借所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备中的所述作为请求目标的设备。 The print management apparatus of claim 3, further comprises: means lend, when received from another printing system to at least one of the lending request print control apparatus and printing apparatus, when the print management device when the management is the output print using the print control apparatus and printing apparatus to perform the print data, after completion of printing the print data output, the lending unit lends the print control apparatus in the print management apparatus managing the apparatus and the request apparatus as a print target.
8.根据权利要求4所述的打印管理设备,还包括: 出借单元,当从另一打印系统接收到打印控制设备和打印设备中的至少一个的出借请求时,当在所述打印管理设备的管理下正利用所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备执行打印数据的打印输出时,在完成该打印数据的打印输出之后,该出借单元在所述打印管理设备的管理下出借所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备中的所述作为请求目标的设备。 The print management apparatus of claim 4, further comprises: means lend, when received from another printing system to at least one of the lending request print control apparatus and printing apparatus, when the print management device when the management is the output print using the print control apparatus and printing apparatus to perform the print data, after completion of printing the print data output, the lending unit lends the print control apparatus in the print management apparatus managing the apparatus and the request apparatus as a print target.
9.根据权利要求6所述的打印管理设备,还包括: 出借处理控制单元,其执行控制以便:在所述出借单元响应于所述出借请求而出借所述作为请求目标的设备的时间与归还所述作为请求目标的设备的时间之间的时间段期间,从客户机接收打印数据、执行解释处理和存储解释结果数据,并且当归还了所述作为请求目标的设备时利用归还的设备对在所述时间段期间存储的所述解释结果数据执行打印输出。 9. The print management apparatus according to claim 6, further comprising: a control lending processing unit which performs control to: in response to the said lending unit lends the lending request as a request destination device and return time during the time period between the time of the apparatus as a request destination of the print data received from the client, performs interpretation processing and storage of data interpretation results, and when to return the apparatus when the apparatus as a request destination of use of the return the stored time period during said execution result data interpretation printout.
10.根据权利要求7所述的打印管理设备,还包括: 出借处理控制单元,其执行控制以便:在所述出借单元响应于所述出借请求而出借所述作为请求目标的设备的时间与归还所述作为请求目标的设备的时间之间的时间段期间,从客户机接收打印数据、执行解释处理和存储解释结果数据,并且当归还了所述作为请求目标的设备时利用归还的设备对在所述时间段期间存储的所述解释结果数据执行打印输出。 10. A print management apparatus according to claim 7, further comprising: a control lending processing unit which performs control to: in response to the said lending unit lends the lending request as a request destination device and return time during the time period between the time of the apparatus as a request destination of the print data received from the client, performs interpretation processing and storage of data interpretation results, and when to return the apparatus when the apparatus as a request destination of use of the return the stored time period during said execution result data interpretation printout.
11.根据权利要求8所述的打印管理设备,还包括: 出借处理控制单元,其执行控制以便:在所述出借单元响应于所述出借请求而出借所述作为请求目标的设备的时间与归还所述作为请求目标的设备的时间之间的时间段期间,从客户机接收打印数据、执行解释处理和存储解释结果数据,并且当归还了所述作为请求目标的设备时利用归还的设备对在所述时间段期间存储的所述解释结果数据执行打印输出。 11. The print management apparatus according to claim 8, further comprising: a control lending processing unit which performs control to: in response to the said lending unit lends the lending request as a request destination device and return time during the time period between the time of the apparatus as a request destination of the print data received from the client, performs interpretation processing and storage of data interpretation results, and when to return the apparatus when the apparatus as a request destination of use of the return the stored time period during said execution result data interpretation printout.
12.—种打印管理方法,包括步骤: 检测打印系统中的打印控制设备和打印设备的故障;以及执行控制以便当故障检测器检测到打印控制设备和打印设备中的任一个的故障时,请求另一打印系统出借与打印控制设备和打印设备中的检测到故障的设备对应的设备,并且当响应于该请求而出借作为请求目标的设备时,通过出借的设备代替检测到故障的设备来继续打印。 12.- kinds of print management method, comprising the steps of: detecting the printing system the print control apparatus and printing apparatus of failure; and performing control so that, when the fault detector detects any one of a print control apparatus and printing apparatus failure, request another printing apparatus corresponding to the device that detected the failure lending system control apparatus and the printing of the printing apparatus, and when the response to the request of the equipment failure as the lending request destination device, is detected by the device in place to continue lending print.
13.根据权利要求12所述的打印管理方法, 其中,在执行请求控制的过程中,参照存储了打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的构造管理数据库来确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统,所述打印系统管理信息用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件,所述设备管理信息用于指示所述组件的属性。 13. The print management method according to claim 12, wherein the control process execution request, the printing system refers to the storage management information and device management information management database configured to determine a target device as a request to lend the another printing system, the printing system management information for each of a plurality of specified components of the printing system, the device management information indicative of an attribute of the component.
14.根据权利要求13所述的打印管理方法, 其中,当作为请求目标的设备被所述另一打印系统出借时,在执行请求控制的过程中,更新存储在构造管理数据库中的关于打印系统的打印系统管理信息。 14. The print management method according to claim 13, wherein, when said printing system further lend a request destination device, during the execution of the control request, the update is stored in the configuration management database on the printing system the print management information system.
15.根据权利要求12所述的打印管理方法, 其中,在执行请求控制的过程中,从存储了打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的构造管理数据库中接收到打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的通知,并且确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统,所述打印系统管理信息用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件,所述设备管理信息用于指示所述组件的属性。 15. The print management method according to claim 12, wherein, during the execution of the control request from the management information stored in the print system configuration management database and the device management information received in the information management system and the printing device management information notification, and determines the lending apparatus as a target request another printing system, the printing system management information for each of a plurality of specified components of the printing system, the device management information indicative of an attribute of the component.
16.—种打印系统,包括: 打印设备,其打印打印图像数据; 打印控制设备,其将所述打印图像数据供应至所述打印设备,并且执行控制以执行打印;以及打印管理设备, 其中,所述打印管理设备包括: 故障检测器,其检测打印控制设备和打印设备的故障;以及打印继续控制单元,其执行控制以便:当所述故障检测器检测到所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备中的任一个的故障时,所述打印继续控制单元请求另一打印系统出借与所述打印控制设备和所述打印设备中的检测到故障的设备对应的设备,并且当响应于该请求而出借作为请求目标的设备时,所述打印继续控制单元通过出借的设备代替检测到故障的设备来继续打印。 16.- species printing system, comprising: a printing apparatus which print image data; a print control apparatus, said print image data which is supplied to the printing apparatus, and performs control to execute printing; and a print management apparatus, wherein, the print management apparatus comprising: fault detection, fault detecting a print control apparatus and printing apparatus; and continue to control the print unit which performs control so that: said fault detector detects that the print control apparatus and printing when the when a failure of any of the devices, the control unit continues the print request of another print system lending apparatus and the print control device corresponding to the device that detected the failure in the printing apparatus, and when the response to the request when a loan request destination apparatus, said print control means continues to continue printing by the apparatus instead of lending the device fault is detected.
17.根据权利要求16所述的打印系统, 其中,在执行请求控制的过程中,参照存储了打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的构造管理数据库来确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统,所述打印系统管理信息用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件,所述设备管理信息用于指示所述组件的属性。 17. The printing system according to claim 16, wherein, during the execution of the control request refers to the storage management information and the system configuration of the print management device management information database to determine the target device as a request to lend further a printing system, the printing system management information for indicating a plurality of respective components of the printing system, the device management information indicative of an attribute of the component.
18.根据权利要求17所述的打印系统, 其中,当作为请求目标的设备被所述另一打印系统出借时,在执行请求控制的过程中,更新存储在所述构造管理数据库中的关于打印系统的打印系统管理信息。 18. The printing system according to claim 17, wherein, when said printing system further lend a request destination device, during the execution of the control request, the update is stored in the configuration management database on printing the printing system management information system.
19.根据权利要求16所述的打印系统, 其中,在执行请求控制的过程中,从存储了打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的构造管理数据库中接收到打印系统管理信息和设备管理信息的通知,并且确定作为设备的出借请求的目标的所述另一打印系统,所述打印系统管理信息用于指明多个打印系统的各个组件,所述设备管理信息用于指示所述组件的属性。 19. The printing system according to claim 16, wherein, during the execution of the control request from the storage management information and the system configuration of the print management database management apparatus receives the notification information in the device management information and management information of a printing system and determines as a target of lending the device a request to another printing system, the printing system management information for each of a plurality of specified components of the printing system, the device management information indicative of an attribute of the component.
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