CN104511738A - Wheel shaft withdrawing machine - Google Patents

Wheel shaft withdrawing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104511738A
CN104511738A CN201410846211.7A CN201410846211A CN104511738A CN 104511738 A CN104511738 A CN 104511738A CN 201410846211 A CN201410846211 A CN 201410846211A CN 104511738 A CN104511738 A CN 104511738A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
oil cylinder
wheel shaft
oil
sides
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410846211.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104511738B (en
Inventor
沈长存
周云岭
周一表
Original Assignee
江苏速升自动化装备股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏速升自动化装备股份有限公司 filed Critical 江苏速升自动化装备股份有限公司
Priority to CN201410846211.7A priority Critical patent/CN104511738B/en
Publication of CN104511738A publication Critical patent/CN104511738A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104511738B publication Critical patent/CN104511738B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/025For detaching only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/027Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same using hydraulic or pneumatic means

Abstract

The invention provides a wheel shaft withdrawing machine. The wheel shaft withdrawing machine structurally comprises oil cylinder seats, pulling wheel oil cylinders, wheel cake clamps, a wheel shaft clamping device, oil cylinder ejection rods, translation air cylinders, linear guide rails and an engine base, wherein the wheel shaft clamping device is mounted on the engine base; the oil cylinder seats are symmetrically mounted on the two sides of the wheel shaft clamping device; the bottoms of the oil cylinder seats are mounted on slide blocks of the linear guide rails; the linear guide rails are mounted on the engine base; the symmetrically-mounted oil cylinder seats are provided with the pulling wheel oil cylinders; the wheel cake clamps are further mounted on the symmetrically-mounted oil cylinder seats; the oil cylinder ejection rods are arranged on the pulling wheel oil cylinders; the axes of the oil cylinder ejection rods are overlapped with the axes of wheel shafts; the oil cylinder ejection rods penetrate through the middles of the wheel cake clamps; the translation air cylinders are symmetrically mounted on the two sides of the wheel shaft clamping device; one end of each translation air cylinder is mounted on the engine base and the other ends of the translation air cylinders are mounted on the oil engine seats. The wheel shaft withdrawing machine has the advantages that wheel cakes on the two sides of a wheel pair can be pulled out at the same time and the wheel shaft withdrawing efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of wheel shaft dismounting machine

Technical field

What the present invention relates to is a kind of wheel shaft dismounting machine, belongs to rail vehicle service technique field.

Background technology

At wheel in the technique of overhaul, need by the right wheel shaft of wheel with take turns cake and separate, carry out detecting a flaw, turning, the serial maintenance craft such as apolegamy.In the operation that wheel shaft and wheel cake are separated, need to use wheel to dismounting machine.Domesticly existingly take turns dismounting machine to be by wheel to being placed on vee-block, then by the method for oil cylinder top wheel shaft, the wheel cake of the left and right sides to be moved back respectively and unloads down.Such wheel is wheel to the shortcoming of moving back the scheme of unloading, and to moving back, to unload efficiency low.

Summary of the invention

What the present invention proposed is a kind of wheel shaft dismounting machine, and its object is intended to solve wheel shaft and moves back the technical problem of unloading.

Technical solution of the present invention: a kind of wheel shaft dismounting machine, it is characterized in that comprising oil cylinder seat (1), pull out wheel oil cylinder (2), wheel cake fixture (4), wheel spindle clamping unit (6), oil cylinder push rod (7), flat-removing air cyclinder (8), rectilinear orbit (9), support (12), described spindle clamping unit (6) of taking turns is arranged on support (12), described oil cylinder seat (1) symmetry is arranged on described both sides of taking turns spindle clamping unit (6), the bottom of described oil cylinder seat (1) is arranged on the slide block of rectilinear orbit (9), described rectilinear orbit (9) is arranged on support (12), the oil cylinder seat (1) that described symmetry is installed is provided with and pulls out wheel oil cylinder (2), the oil cylinder seat (1) that described symmetry is installed also is provided with wheel cake fixture (4), described pulling out on wheel oil cylinder (2) has oil cylinder push rod (7), the axle center of described oil cylinder push rod (7) and the axis coinciding of wheel shaft (10), the centre of described oil cylinder push rod (7) trailing wheel cake fixture (4) is passed, described both sides of taking turns spindle clamping unit (6) are also symmetrically installed with flat-removing air cyclinder (8), one end of described flat-removing air cyclinder (8) is arranged on support, the other end is arranged on oil cylinder seat (1).

Advantage of the present invention: take turns and can extract the wheel cake of both sides simultaneously, improves wheel shaft and moves back and unload efficiency.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the reset mode schematic diagram of wheel shaft dismounting machine.

Fig. 2 be wheel shaft dismounting machine pull out wheel view.

Fig. 3 is that wheel cake, wheel shaft schematic diagram are taken in the rotation of wheel shaft dismounting machine away.

In figure 1 is oil cylinder seat; 2 is pull out wheel oil cylinder; 3 is rotating mechanisms; 4 is wheel cake fixtures; 5 is that wheel is right; 6 is wheel spindle clamping unit; 7 is oil cylinder push rods; 8 is flat-removing air cyclinders; 9 is rectilinear orbits; 10 is wheel shafts; 11 is wheel cakes; 12 is supports.

Detailed description of the invention

Contrast accompanying drawing, a kind of wheel shaft dismounting machine, its structure comprises oil cylinder seat 1, pull out wheel oil cylinder 2, wheel cake fixture 4, wheel spindle clamping unit 6, oil cylinder push rod 7, flat-removing air cyclinder 8, rectilinear orbit 9, support 12, described spindle clamping unit 6 of taking turns is arranged on support 12, described oil cylinder seat 1 symmetry is arranged on described both sides of taking turns spindle clamping unit 6, the bottom of described oil cylinder seat 1 is arranged on the slide block of rectilinear orbit 9, described rectilinear orbit 9 is arranged on support 12, the oil cylinder seat 1 that described symmetry is installed is provided with and pulls out wheel oil cylinder 2, the oil cylinder seat 1 that described symmetry is installed also is provided with wheel cake fixture 4, described pulling out on wheel oil cylinder 2 has oil cylinder push rod 7, the axle center of described oil cylinder push rod 7 and the axis coinciding of wheel shaft 10, the centre of described oil cylinder push rod 7 trailing wheel cake fixture 4 is passed, described both sides of taking turns spindle clamping unit 6 are also symmetrically installed with flat-removing air cyclinder 8, one end of described flat-removing air cyclinder 8 is arranged on support, the other end is arranged on oil cylinder seat 1.

Described wheel shaft dismounting machine also comprises rotating mechanism 3, and described rotating mechanism 3 is arranged on oil cylinder seat 1, described in pull out wheel oil cylinder 2 be arranged on rotating mechanism 3, described rotating mechanism 3 is gear drives.

The workflow of described wheel shaft dismounting machine is as follows:

(1), reset operation: be placed on wheel spindle clamping unit 65 by wheel, pull out wheel oil cylinder 2 oil cylinder push rod 7 of retracting and reset, flat-removing air cyclinder 8 is by oil cylinder seat 1 Retracting repositioning;

(2), correction process: oil cylinder 2 ejection cylinder push rod 7 is simultaneously taken turns in pulling out of symmetrical installation, and the oil cylinder push rod 7 of both sides is simultaneously close to 5 to wheel, until the oil cylinder push rod 7 of both sides withstands wheel shaft 10, now completes the correction process of taking turns 5;

(3), clamping process: wheel spindle clamping unit 6 clamps wheel shaft 10, and wheel cake fixture 4 clamps wheel cake 11;

(4), wheel cake moves back and unloads operation: the wheel oil cylinder 2 that pulls out of bilateral symmetry installation starts to push up oil cylinder push rod 7 simultaneously, makes the wheel cake fixture 4 relative direction motion be arranged on oil cylinder seat 1, until the wheel cake 11 of both sides is separated with wheel shaft 10;

(5) wheel cake, wheel shaft operation, is taken away: rotating mechanism 3 will pull out wheel oil cylinder 2 half-twist, make wheel cake 11 upwards, wheel cake fixture 4 unclamps wheel cake 11, and wheel spindle clamping unit 6 unclamps wheel shaft 10, wheel shaft 10 and wheel cake 11 are taken away by the driving being arranged on workshop, are placed into appointment respectively and deposit a little.

Claims (2)

1. a wheel shaft dismounting machine, it is characterized in that comprising oil cylinder seat (1), pull out wheel oil cylinder (2), wheel cake fixture (4), wheel spindle clamping unit (6), oil cylinder push rod (7), flat-removing air cyclinder (8), rectilinear orbit (9), support (12), described spindle clamping unit (6) of taking turns is arranged on support (12), described oil cylinder seat (1) symmetry is arranged on described both sides of taking turns spindle clamping unit (6), the bottom of described oil cylinder seat (1) is arranged on the slide block of rectilinear orbit (9), described rectilinear orbit (9) is arranged on support (12), the oil cylinder seat (1) that described symmetry is installed is provided with and pulls out wheel oil cylinder (2), the oil cylinder seat (1) that described symmetry is installed also is provided with wheel cake fixture (4), described pulling out on wheel oil cylinder (2) has oil cylinder push rod (7), the axle center of described oil cylinder push rod (7) and the axis coinciding of wheel shaft (10), the centre of described oil cylinder push rod (7) trailing wheel cake fixture (4) is passed, described both sides of taking turns spindle clamping unit (6) are also symmetrically installed with flat-removing air cyclinder (8), one end of described flat-removing air cyclinder (8) is arranged on support, the other end is arranged on oil cylinder seat (1).
2. a kind of wheel shaft dismounting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described wheel shaft dismounting machine also comprises rotating mechanism (3), described rotating mechanism (3) is arranged on oil cylinder seat (1), described wheel oil cylinder (2) that pulls out is arranged on rotating mechanism (3), and described rotating mechanism (3) is gear drive.
CN201410846211.7A 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Wheel shaft withdrawing machine CN104511738B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410846211.7A CN104511738B (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Wheel shaft withdrawing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410846211.7A CN104511738B (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Wheel shaft withdrawing machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104511738A true CN104511738A (en) 2015-04-15
CN104511738B CN104511738B (en) 2017-02-22

Family

ID=52787924

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410846211.7A CN104511738B (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Wheel shaft withdrawing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104511738B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105382517A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-03-09 苏州频发机电科技有限公司 Rolling wheel assembly device

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08132806A (en) * 1994-11-01 1996-05-28 Sumikin Osaka Plant Kk Press-in device for axle part, press-out device for wheel using it, and press-out device for axle part
CN2933920Y (en) * 2006-07-28 2007-08-15 孙宝臣 Removing and fixing device for down-hole tramcar wheel
RU2385793C1 (en) * 2008-09-05 2010-04-10 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Комплекс ПромСтройМаш" Press for assembly or disassembly of railway wheelsets by method of press-fitting or pressing out
CN202479778U (en) * 2012-03-13 2012-10-10 黄石邦柯科技股份有限公司 Lifting table type wheel set bearing withdrawal machine
CN103465728A (en) * 2013-09-29 2013-12-25 湖北合强机械发展有限公司 Double-end jaw-type wheel pair withdrawal machine
CN203793037U (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-08-27 济宁何岗煤矿 Mine wheel pair type hydraulic scraping machine
CN204035931U (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-12-24 沈阳清林机械有限公司 Wheel is to dismounting machine
CN204487110U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-07-22 江苏速升自动化装备股份有限公司 A kind of wheel shaft dismounting machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08132806A (en) * 1994-11-01 1996-05-28 Sumikin Osaka Plant Kk Press-in device for axle part, press-out device for wheel using it, and press-out device for axle part
CN2933920Y (en) * 2006-07-28 2007-08-15 孙宝臣 Removing and fixing device for down-hole tramcar wheel
RU2385793C1 (en) * 2008-09-05 2010-04-10 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Комплекс ПромСтройМаш" Press for assembly or disassembly of railway wheelsets by method of press-fitting or pressing out
CN202479778U (en) * 2012-03-13 2012-10-10 黄石邦柯科技股份有限公司 Lifting table type wheel set bearing withdrawal machine
CN103465728A (en) * 2013-09-29 2013-12-25 湖北合强机械发展有限公司 Double-end jaw-type wheel pair withdrawal machine
CN203793037U (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-08-27 济宁何岗煤矿 Mine wheel pair type hydraulic scraping machine
CN204035931U (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-12-24 沈阳清林机械有限公司 Wheel is to dismounting machine
CN204487110U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-07-22 江苏速升自动化装备股份有限公司 A kind of wheel shaft dismounting machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105382517A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-03-09 苏州频发机电科技有限公司 Rolling wheel assembly device

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