CN104496577A - Composite microbial fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Composite microbial fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104496577A
CN104496577A CN201410825866.6A CN201410825866A CN104496577A CN 104496577 A CN104496577 A CN 104496577A CN 201410825866 A CN201410825866 A CN 201410825866A CN 104496577 A CN104496577 A CN 104496577A
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China
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organic waste
waste materials
composite microbiological
manure
microbiological fertilizer
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CN201410825866.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘长生
欧阳竹
刘泽
陈琛
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刘长生
Ets(天津)生物科技发展有限公司
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Priority to CN201410825866.6A priority Critical patent/CN104496577A/en
Publication of CN104496577A publication Critical patent/CN104496577A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F1/00Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides a composite microbial fertilizer and a preparation method thereof, and belongs to the field of composite microbial fertilizers. The composite microbial fertilizer is prepared form the following raw materials in parts by weight: 4-6 parts of organic manure, 2-4 parts of humic acid, 0.7-3 parts of agriculture organic waste, 0.2-0.4 part of marine organic waste, 0.01-0.02 part of a liquid inoculant and 0.005-0.01 part of a solid inoculant. According to the composite microbial fertilizer, on one hand, comprehensive, balanced and easy-to-absorb nutrients are provided for crops, healthy growth of the crops is accelerated, and the produced fulvic acid can be used for adjusting the crop growth as a plant growth regulator, and on the other hand, a lot of beneficial microorganisms are generated. Due to balanced and sufficient fermentation substrates, the produced microorganisms are not easy to die; the composite microorganisms are large in viable number; the composite microbial fertilizer is significant in fertilizer efficiency, environmental friendly, and harmless after being applied; and due to large content of microorganisms and organic matters, the soil structure is also improved.

Description

A kind of composite microbiological fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to composite microbiological fertilizer field, in particular to a kind of composite microbiological fertilizer and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Composite microbiological fertilizer, be by specified microorganisms (phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, nitrogen-fixing microorganism) or other through qualification two or more, mutually the microorganism of antagonism and nutritive substance are not composited, be can provide, keep or improve plant nutrition, improve agricultural output or improve the living microorganism goods of quality of agricultural product.
Composite microbiological fertilizer integrates the advantage of fertilizer, chemical fertilizer and microbial fertilizer, and the fertilizer of overcoming over delays work the shortcoming of mistaking, and uses very convenient; Overcome the shortcoming that soil physico-chemical property is degenerated and agricultural product quality declines that pure chemistry fertilizer causes.
Principal feature has: 1, increase soil fertility: as the application of fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, silicate-dissolving microbe, can carry out fixed nitrogen, decompose out by the phosphorus of indissoluble in soil, potassium, thus improves effective rate of utilization, soil fertility, the crop nutrition level of chemical fertilizer.2, to harmful microbe biological control: microorganism breeds at crop root raised growth, as rhizosphere dominant bacteria, by to the antagonistic action of pathogenic micro-organism and suppress its growth and breeding, reach the effect alleviating crop pest, improve the quality and yield of farm crop and the ability of anti-continuous cropping.
Although there is more composite microbiological fertilizer to be applied in agricultural production practice in prior art, but most composite microbiological fertilizer due to bacterial classification composition unreasonable, or preparation manipulation is improper, as, existing composite microbiological fertilizer is be mixed and made into mixed bacteria liquid after single bacterial classification ferments respectively substantially, after concentrate drying or directly spray and be adsorbed in matrix, in mixing, concentrated, dry, adsorption process, probably there is the death of the even most of bacterial classification of part; In addition, pH and the salt concn of the rear preparation of absorption can cause restraining effect to beneficial microorganism, make the viable count in product not reach requirement.Finally cause the useful viable count contained by composite microbiological fertilizer lower, thus also reduce its fertilizer efficiency accordingly.
In view of this, special proposition the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of composite microbiological fertilizer, described composite microbiological fertilizer is simultaneously containing set parts by weight liquid bacterial agent and solid fungicide, have viable bacteria content high, the effects such as various plants growth regulator can be produced, fertilizer efficiency is better.The second object of the present invention is the preparation method providing a kind of described composite microbiological fertilizer, the method comprises two fermentation stages, make in made composite microbiological fertilizer containing a large amount of mineral substance, amino acid, protein, growth hormone and a large amount of beneficial microorganisms, enter after in soil, energy rapid fluid resuscitation also plays a role, and fertilizer efficiency is remarkable.
In order to realize above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, spy by the following technical solutions:
The invention provides a kind of composite microbiological fertilizer, according to weight parts, its feed composition comprises:
Organic manure 4-6 part, humic acid 2-4 part, agriculture organic waste materials 0.7-3 part, marine products organic waste materials 0.2-0.4 part, liquid bacterial agent 0.01-0.02 part, solid fungicide 0.005-0.01 part.
This composite microbiological fertilizer provided by the invention, the liquid bacterial agent simultaneously containing set parts by weight and solid fungicide, rationally, bacterial classification is comprehensive for this composite bacteria composition; Contained beneficial microorganism impels the fermentation substrates such as organic manure, agriculture organic waste materials and marine products organic waste materials to carry out becoming thoroughly decomposed fermentation, create mineral substance, amino acid, protein, growth hormone, xanthohumic acid etc., and impel a large amount of beneficial microorganism breeding metabolism.On the one hand, be supplied to the nutrient that crop general equilibrium easily absorbs, promote healthy growth of crops, and the xanthohumic acid produced can adjust regulating crop growth as plant-growth; On the other hand, create a large amount of beneficial microorganisms, and due to the balanced abundance of fermentation substrate, therefore institute's producing microbial is not easily dead, and the number of viable of complex microorganism is large.After being applied fertilizer by this composite microbiological fertilizer, its fertilizer efficiency is remarkable, environmentally friendly; And due to microorganism, content of humic acid comparatively large, so it also has the effect of improvement Soil structure.
Optionally, described organic manure comprises one or more in cow dung, pig manure, sheep excrement, horsehit and chicken manure.
Optionally, described agriculture organic waste materials comprises one or more in the peat composed of rotten mosses, rice bran, stalk, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and wheat bran.
Optionally, described marine products organic waste materials comprises one or more in the fish dregs of rice, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga.
Optionally, in described liquid bacterial agent containing one or more in actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii.
Optionally, in described solid fungicide containing one or more in actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii.
A preparation method for described composite microbiological fertilizer, comprises the following steps:
1), by agriculture for part organic waste materials and solid fungicide puddle, obtain Preblend;
2), by organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, remainder agricultural organic waste materials and Preblend puddle in process and add liquid bacterial agent, puddle evenly;
3), by puddling the material evenly carry out aerobic fermentation add humic acids after its temperature no longer rises, obtain treating anaerobically fermenting compound;
4), by described treat anaerobically fermenting compound anaerobically fermenting 21-35 days, obtain work in-process compound manure;
5), by the moisture weight content of described work in-process compound manure be adjusted to screening after being less than 35%, obtain Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer.
Optionally, in step 2) in: the moisture weight content puddling the material is evenly 55-65%; And described liquid bacterial agent is 50-100 times of water diluting soln of primary liquid bacterial classification.
Optionally, in step 3) in: the time of described aerobic fermentation is 21-35 days, and turns fermentation material every 5-7 days.
Optionally, in step 5) in: the filter footpath of screen cloth used in the process of described screening is 2-5mm.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
(1), composite microbiological fertilizer comprises liquid bacterial agent and solid fungicide, and bacterial classification is comprehensive, forms rationally; The ratio of aerobic microbiological and anaerobion is about 2:3, after fermentation, produces soil ulmin (biochemical fulvic acid etc.), mineral substance, amino acid, protein, growth hormone etc., and nutrient comprehensively and easily absorbed by crops.
(2), main raw material is the agricultural wastes such as organic manure, stalk, rice bran, is low value or can produces the waste of environmental hazard.The present invention integrates harmless treatment and resources circulation regeneration, not only can solve current shortage of resources and environmental pollution two hang-up, and for alleviation soil pollution situation, realize Agricultural recycling economy, set up conservation-minded society and be of great significance.
(3), the present invention adopt technique make for microbial inoculum is added material secondary fermentation, be divided into aerobic fermentation stage and anaerobic fermentation stage.By fermentation, on the one hand larger molecular organics is converted into the available nutritive substance of plant and somatomedin; On the other hand, by the beneficial microorganism that fermentation accumulation is a large amount of, ensure product number of viable and energy Fast-propagation after being manured into soil, play a role.
(4), the high heat that produces in fermenting process can kill pathogenic agent, worm's ovum and weed seed in material, achieves innoxious.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below.
Fig. 1 is the preparation method's schema that the invention provides composite microbiological fertilizer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, embodiment of the present invention are described in detail, but it will be understood to those of skill in the art that the following example only for illustration of the present invention, and should not be considered as limiting the scope of the invention.Unreceipted actual conditions person in embodiment, the condition of conveniently conditioned disjunction manufacturers suggestion is carried out.Agents useful for same or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, be and can buy by commercially available the conventional products obtained.
The invention provides a kind of composite microbiological fertilizer, according to weight parts, its feed composition comprises:
Organic manure 4-6 part, humic acid 2-4 part, agriculture organic waste materials 0.7-3 part, marine products organic waste materials 0.2-0.4 part, liquid bacterial agent 0.01-0.02 part, solid fungicide 0.005-0.01 part.Preferably, described organic manure comprises one or more in cow dung, pig manure, sheep excrement, horsehit and chicken manure; Or described agriculture organic waste materials comprises one or more in the peat composed of rotten mosses, rice bran, stalk, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and wheat bran; The peat composed of rotten mosses, rice bran, stalk, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and its wide material sources of wheat bran, and be easy to be become thoroughly decomposed by fermentable, produce small-molecule active substance.Preferably, described marine products organic waste materials comprises one or more in the fish dregs of rice, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga; Add the nutrition having enriched composite microbiological fertilizer in the fish dregs of rice, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga, and achieve the utilization of refuse.In addition, preferably, for liquid bacterial agent, it contains one or more in actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii; Should understand liquid bacterial agent is the form and the fermented liquid obtained of being fermented by liquid culture by this multiple beneficial microorganism; Containing one or more in actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii in solid fungicide; This solid fungicide is the solid fungicide obtained after being utilized by lifted microorganism a small amount of solid culture to cultivate; Solid fungicide and liquid bacterial agent have enriched the kind of microorganism, by the content (being generally 2:3) that rationally sets oxygen animalcule and anaerobion so that a large amount of expansions of realizing in fermenting process numerous; And produce a large amount of mineral substance, amino acid and protein, to improve the fertilizer efficiency of composite microbiological fertilizer, also make the viable count in composite microbiological fertilizer high simultaneously, after fertilising, a large amount of microorganisms carries out Metabolic activity in soil, organism in further decomposition soil, realizes soil remediation and provides the effect of crop alimentary.
Please refer to Fig. 1, the preparation method of the above-mentioned composite microbiological fertilizer that the present invention also provides, comprises the following steps:
Step 101: agriculture for part organic waste materials and solid fungicide are puddled, obtains Preblend;
In this step, because the content of solid fungicide is less, therefore direct it is mixed with other components after, be difficult to realize mixing effect.Once mix insufficient, then can cause the unbalanced of subsequent fermentation; Therefore, utilize a small amount of agriculture organic waste materials elder generation and solid fungicide mixing, and then carry out puddling operation with other material, this operation is easy to realize Blending Efficiency of Blending, and solid fungicide is dispersed in unclassified stores uniformly.
Step 102: organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, remainder agricultural organic waste materials and Preblend are puddled in process and adds liquid bacterial agent, puddle evenly;
In step 102, organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, remainder agricultural organic waste materials and Preblend are puddled in process and adds the liquid bacterial agent aqueous solution, puddle evenly; In addition, in order to make moisture required in subsequent fermentations obtain ample supply, preferably, the moisture weight content puddling the material is evenly 55-65%; In addition, the mode that the control of moisture can pass through diluted liquid microbial inoculum (being specially 50-100 times of water diluting soln of primary liquid bacterial classification) is achieved, or also in material, directly can add water, until meet moisture content demand.
Step 103: carry out aerobic fermentation add humic acids by puddling the material evenly after its temperature no longer rises, obtain treating anaerobically fermenting compound;
In the stage of aerobic fermentation, mainly realized by the mode of short buttress heap fermentation, in the stage of aerobic fermentation, a large amount of growth of aerobic microorganisms breeding, and organic manure and agriculture organic waste materials, marine products organic waste materials are decomposed; Release a large amount of heat (temperature can reach 55-75 DEG C) simultaneously; And then some harmful levels of pathogens in material, residual adult and worm's ovum and grass-seed etc. can be killed.Preferably, the time of described aerobic fermentation is 21-35 days, and turns fermentation material every 5-7 days.To realize sufficient effect of fermenting.
In the process of aerobic fermentation, detect that the temperature of fermented product no longer rises after declining, illustrate that aerobic fermentation is complete, can follow-up anaerobic fermentation stage be carried out.
Step 104: treat anaerobically fermenting compound anaerobically fermenting 21-35 days by described, obtain work in-process compound manure;
At anaerobic fermentation stage, mainly realize anaerobically fermenting by the mode of high buttress heap fermentation; In this stage, can heat be produced equally, and impel the accumulation of a large amount of beneficial microorganism and metabolite thereof, after anaerobically fermenting terminates, the composition such as xanthohumic acid that can produce a large amount of small molecules nutritive substances easily absorbed by crops and use as plant-growth regulator.
Step 105: the moisture weight content of described work in-process compound manure is adjusted to screening after being less than 35%, obtains Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer.
The moisture content of work in-process compound manure is adjusted to and is less than 35% by the mode of drying in the air with the moon, after sieve, obtain the Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer meeting particle diameter; Larger caking thing can ferment as agriculture organic waste materials after then collecting again again.
Preferably, in the process of screening, the filter footpath of screen cloth used is 2-5mm.
This composite microbiological fertilizer provided by the invention, the liquid bacterial agent simultaneously containing set parts by weight and solid fungicide, rationally, bacterial classification is comprehensive for this composite bacteria composition; Contained beneficial microorganism impels the fermentation substrates such as organic manure, agriculture organic waste materials and marine products organic waste materials to carry out becoming thoroughly decomposed fermentation, create mineral substance, amino acid, protein, growth hormone, xanthohumic acid etc., and impel a large amount of beneficial microorganism breeding metabolism.On the one hand, be supplied to the nutrient that crop general equilibrium easily absorbs, promote healthy growth of crops, and the xanthohumic acid produced can adjust regulating crop growth as plant-growth; On the other hand, create a large amount of beneficial microorganisms, and due to the balanced abundance of fermentation substrate, therefore institute's producing microbial is not easily dead, and the number of viable of complex microorganism is large.After being applied fertilizer by this composite microbiological fertilizer, its fertilizer efficiency is remarkable, environmentally friendly; And due to microorganism, content of humic acid comparatively large, so it also has the effect of improvement Soil structure.
The technique that the present invention adopts is made for microbial inoculum is added material secondary fermentation, is divided into aerobic fermentation stage and anaerobic fermentation stage.By fermentation, on the one hand larger molecular organics is converted into the available nutritive substance of plant and somatomedin; On the other hand, by the beneficial microorganism that fermentation accumulation is a large amount of, ensure product number of viable and energy Fast-propagation after being manured into soil, play a role.
Next, in conjunction with above content, following specific embodiment has been enumerated to composite microbiological fertilizer of the present invention and preparation method:
Embodiment 1
The composite microbiological fertilizer that the embodiment of the present invention provides, according to weight parts, organic manure 4 parts, humic acid 2 parts, agriculture organic waste materials 0.7 part, marine products organic waste materials 0.2 part, liquid bacterial agent 0.01 part, solid fungicide 0.005 part.
Wherein, organic manure comprises the cow dung of arbitrary proportion, pig manure, sheep excrement and chicken manure; Agricultural organic waste materials comprises the peat composed of rotten mosses of arbitrary proportion, rice bran, stalk, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and wheat bran; Marine products organic waste materials comprises the fish dregs of rice of arbitrary proportion, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga; Liquid bacterial agent is the strain fermentating liquid containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium, vinelandii; Solid fungicide is the solid state rheology thing containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium, vinelandii.
Preparation method
S11: the agriculture organic waste materials of 10% and solid fungicide are puddled, obtains Preblend;
S12: by organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, 90% agriculture organic waste materials, Preblend puddle in process and add the liquid bacterial agent aqueous solution, puddle evenly, regulate moisture weight content to be 55-65%;
S13: carry out aerobic fermentation add humic acids by puddling the material evenly after its temperature no longer rises, obtain treating anaerobically fermenting compound;
S14: treat anaerobically fermenting compound anaerobically fermenting 21-35 days by described, obtain work in-process compound manure;
S15: the moisture weight content of described work in-process compound manure is adjusted to screening after being less than 35%, obtains Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer.
Embodiment 2
The composite microbiological fertilizer that the embodiment of the present invention provides, according to weight parts, organic manure 6 parts, humic acid 4 parts, agriculture organic waste materials 3 parts, marine products organic waste materials 0.4 part, liquid bacterial agent 0.02 part, solid fungicide 0.01 part.
Wherein, organic manure comprises the cow dung of arbitrary proportion, pig manure, sheep excrement and chicken manure; Agricultural organic waste materials comprises the peat composed of rotten mosses of arbitrary proportion, rice bran, stalk, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and wheat bran; Marine products organic waste materials comprises the fish dregs of rice of arbitrary proportion, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga; Liquid bacterial agent be containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium, vinelandii, strain fermentating liquid; Solid fungicide is the solid state rheology thing containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium, vinelandii.
Preparation method
S21: the agriculture organic waste materials of 20% and solid fungicide are puddled, obtains Preblend;
S22: by organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, 80% agriculture organic waste materials, Preblend puddle in process and add the liquid bacterial agent aqueous solution, puddle evenly, regulate moisture weight content to be 55-65%;
S23: carry out aerobic fermentation add humic acids by puddling the material evenly after its temperature no longer rises, obtain treating anaerobically fermenting compound;
Concrete, the time of aerobic fermentation is 30 days in this step, and every 6 days to fermentation material overturning once.
S24: treat anaerobically fermenting compound anaerobically fermenting 21-35 days by described, obtain work in-process compound manure;
S25: the moisture weight content of described work in-process compound manure is adjusted to screening after being less than 35%, obtains Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer.
Embodiment 3
The composite microbiological fertilizer that the embodiment of the present invention provides, according to weight parts, organic manure 4 parts, humic acid 3 parts, agriculture organic waste materials 1.4 parts, marine products organic waste materials 0.3 part, liquid bacterial agent 0.014 part, solid fungicide 0.007 part.
Wherein, organic manure is cow dung and chicken manure (weight proportion is 4:1.3); Agricultural organic waste materials comprises the stalk of arbitrary proportion, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and wheat bran; Marine products organic waste materials comprises the fish dregs of rice of arbitrary proportion, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga; Liquid bacterial agent is the strain fermentating liquid containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii; Solid fungicide is the solid state rheology thing containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii.
Preparation method
S31: the agriculture organic waste materials of 5% and solid fungicide are puddled, obtains Preblend;
S32: by organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, 95% agriculture organic waste materials, Preblend puddle in process and add the liquid bacterial agent aqueous solution, puddle evenly, regulate moisture weight content to be 58%;
S33: carry out aerobic fermentation add humic acids by puddling the material evenly after its temperature no longer rises, obtain treating anaerobically fermenting compound;
Concrete, the time of aerobic fermentation is 25 days in this step, and turns once fermentation material every 7 days.
S34: treat anaerobically fermenting compound anaerobically fermenting 30 days by described, obtain work in-process compound manure;
S35: the moisture weight content of described work in-process compound manure is adjusted to screening after being less than 35%, obtains Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer.
Embodiment 4
The composite microbiological fertilizer that the embodiment of the present invention provides, according to weight parts, organic manure 5.9 parts, humic acid 3 parts, agriculture organic waste materials 0.8 part, marine products organic waste materials 0.3 part, liquid bacterial agent 0.014 part, solid fungicide 0.007 part.
Wherein, organic manure is pig manure and chicken manure (weight proportion is 5.3:0.6); Agricultural organic waste materials comprises the stalk of arbitrary proportion, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and wheat bran; Marine products organic waste materials comprises the fish dregs of rice of arbitrary proportion, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga; Liquid bacterial agent is the strain fermentating liquid containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii; Solid fungicide is the solid state rheology thing containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii.
Preparation method
S41: the agriculture organic waste materials of 5% and solid fungicide are puddled, obtains Preblend;
S42: by organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, 95% agriculture organic waste materials, Preblend puddle in process and add the liquid bacterial agent aqueous solution, puddle evenly, regulate moisture weight content to be 60%;
S43: carry out aerobic fermentation add humic acids by puddling the material evenly after its temperature no longer rises, obtain treating anaerobically fermenting compound;
Concrete, the time of aerobic fermentation is 25 days in this step, and turns once fermentation material every 6 days.
S44: treat anaerobically fermenting compound anaerobically fermenting 28 days by described, obtain work in-process compound manure;
S45: screening after the moisture weight content of described work in-process compound manure is regulated 30%, obtains Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer.
Embodiment 5
The composite microbiological fertilizer that the embodiment of the present invention provides, according to weight parts, organic manure 4 parts, humic acid 3 parts, agriculture organic waste materials 2.8 parts, marine products organic waste materials 0.3 part, liquid bacterial agent 0.014 part, solid fungicide 0.007 part.
Wherein, organic manure is chicken manure; Agricultural organic waste materials comprises the stalk of arbitrary proportion, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and wheat bran; Marine products organic waste materials comprises the fish dregs of rice of arbitrary proportion, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga; Liquid bacterial agent is the strain fermentating liquid containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii; Solid fungicide is the solid state rheology thing containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii.
Preparation method
S51: the agriculture organic waste materials of 10% and solid fungicide are puddled, obtains Preblend;
S52: by organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, 90% agriculture organic waste materials, Preblend puddle in process and add the liquid bacterial agent aqueous solution, puddle evenly, regulate moisture weight content to be 55%;
S53: carry out aerobic fermentation add humic acids by puddling the material evenly after its temperature no longer rises, obtain treating anaerobically fermenting compound;
Concrete, the time of aerobic fermentation is 28 days in this step, and turns once fermentation material every 7 days.
S54: treat anaerobically fermenting compound anaerobically fermenting 30 days by described, obtain work in-process compound manure;
S55: screening after the moisture weight content of described work in-process compound manure is regulated 30%, obtains Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer.
In the process of screening, the filter footpath of screen cloth used is: 2-5mm.
Embodiment 6
The composite microbiological fertilizer that the embodiment of the present invention provides, according to weight parts, organic manure 6 parts, humic acid 3 parts, agriculture organic waste materials 0.7 part, marine products organic waste materials 0.3 part, liquid bacterial agent 0.014 part, solid fungicide 0.007 part.
Wherein, organic manure is sheep excrement and chicken manure (weight ratio is 5.3:0.7); Agricultural organic waste materials comprises the stalk of arbitrary proportion, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and wheat bran; Marine products organic waste materials comprises the fish dregs of rice of arbitrary proportion, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga; Liquid bacterial agent is the strain fermentating liquid containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii; Solid fungicide is the solid state rheology thing containing actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii.
Preparation method
S61: the agriculture organic waste materials of 5% and solid fungicide are puddled, obtains Preblend;
S62: by organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, 95% agriculture organic waste materials, Preblend puddle in process and add the liquid bacterial agent aqueous solution, puddle evenly, regulate moisture weight content to be 60%;
S63: carry out aerobic fermentation add humic acids by puddling the material evenly after its temperature no longer rises, obtain treating anaerobically fermenting compound;
Concrete, the time of aerobic fermentation is 28 days in this step, and turns once every 5 days to fermentation material; And the top temperature in fermenting process can be reached for more than 65 DEG C.
S64: treat anaerobically fermenting compound anaerobically fermenting 30 days by described, obtain work in-process compound manure;
S65: screening after the moisture weight content of described work in-process compound manure is regulated 35%, obtains Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer.
In the process of screening, the filter footpath of screen cloth used is: 2-5mm.
The complex microorganism nutritive ingredient detected result that table 1 embodiment of the present invention 1-6 provides
Can be found out by table 1, the composite microbiological fertilizer that various embodiments of the present invention provide, its mineral element is abundant balanced, and also organic containing a large amount of soil ulmin, for crop provides balanced nutrient after being beneficial to fertilising.And its number of viable is higher; After fertilising, a large amount of viable bacterias carries out breeding metabolism, and the meta-bolites of generation can be used as crop alimentary, and microorganism also realizes the degradation effect of difficult decomposing organic matter in soil in the process of metabolism, and then also achieves soil remediation effect.
To sum up, this composite microbiological fertilizer provided by the invention, the liquid+solid microbial inoculum that it adopts, bacterial classification is comprehensive, forms rationally.By the composite flora of multiple beneficial strain combination, wherein aerobic microbiological accounts for 40%, and anaerobion accounts for 60%.Bacterial classification mutualism, efficient stable.Act synergistically between bacterial classification, easy in inactivation is dead by force, or not growth is rapid for adaptive capacity to environment; Strong stress resistance, sphere of action is extensive, can efficient-decomposition larger molecular organics, as feces of livestock and poultry, crop material etc., and killed germ in material by fermentation heat production, remain adult and worm's ovum, grass-seed; Avoid that the bacterial classification adaptive capacity to environment caused because bacterial classification is single is weak, easy in inactivation, poor growth, the deficiencies such as product property instability, function singleness, use object are with strong points.
The preparation technology of composite microbiological fertilizer of the present invention is by by fermentations of proportionally becoming thoroughly decomposed such as fowl and animal excrement, stalk, the peats composed of rotten mosses, and through the product that this explained hereafter goes out, number of viable is large, and bacterial classification is not easily dead, enters after in soil, and energy rapid fluid resuscitation also plays a role; Raw material is after fermentation of becoming thoroughly decomposed, and germ, miscellaneous bacteria are suppressed and eliminate, and can not produce secondary pollution to soil.Microbial inoculum is when fermentative processing organic waste materials, nutrition and the regulatory factor that mineral substance, amino acid, protein, growth hormone, soil ulmin etc. be conducive to plant growth can be translated into according to the difference of fermentation substrate, be supplied to the nutrient that crop general equilibrium easily absorbs, promote healthy growth of crops; The high heat simultaneously produced in fermented manure process can kill pathogenic agent, worm's ovum and weed seed in material, makes it innoxious.
Although illustrate and describe the present invention with specific embodiment, however it will be appreciated that can to make when not deviating from the spirit and scope of the present invention many other change and amendment.Therefore, this means to comprise all such changes and modifications belonged in the scope of the invention in the following claims.

Claims (10)

1. a composite microbiological fertilizer, is characterized in that, according to weight parts, its feed composition comprises:
Organic manure 4-6 part, humic acid 2-4 part, agriculture organic waste materials 0.7-3 part, marine products organic waste materials 0.2-0.4 part, liquid bacterial agent 0.01-0.02 part, solid fungicide 0.005-0.01 part.
2. composite microbiological fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described organic manure comprise in cow dung, pig manure, sheep excrement, horsehit and chicken manure one or more.
3. composite microbiological fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described agriculture organic waste materials comprise the peat composed of rotten mosses, rice bran, stalk, powdered rice hulls, mushroom tongue, bark end and wheat bran in one or more.
4. composite microbiological fertilizer according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described marine products organic waste materials comprise in the fish dregs of rice, shrimp med, oyster shell whiting, Radix Laminariae powder and marine alga one or more.
5. composite microbiological fertilizer according to claim 4, is characterized in that, containing one or more in actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii in described liquid bacterial agent.
6. composite microbiological fertilizer according to claim 5, is characterized in that, containing one or more in actinomycetes, subtilis, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacterium and vinelandii in described solid fungicide.
7. a preparation method for composite microbiological fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
1), by agriculture for part organic waste materials and solid fungicide puddle, obtain Preblend;
2), by organic manure, marine products organic waste materials, remainder agricultural organic waste materials and Preblend puddle in process and add liquid bacterial agent, puddle evenly;
3), by puddling the material evenly carry out aerobic fermentation add humic acids after its temperature no longer rises, obtain treating anaerobically fermenting compound;
4), by described treat anaerobically fermenting compound anaerobically fermenting 21-35 days, obtain work in-process compound manure;
5), by the moisture weight content of described work in-process compound manure be adjusted to screening after being less than 35%, obtain Powdered composite microbiological fertilizer.
8. the preparation method of composite microbiological fertilizer according to claim 7, is characterized in that, in step 2) in:
The moisture weight content puddling the material is evenly 55-65%; And described liquid bacterial agent is 50-100 times of water diluting soln of primary liquid bacterial classification.
9. the preparation method of composite microbiological fertilizer according to claim 7, is characterized in that, in step 3) in:
The time of described aerobic fermentation is 21-35 days, and turns fermentation material every 5-7 days.
10. the preparation method of the composite microbiological fertilizer according to any one of claim 7-9, is characterized in that, in step 5) in:
The filter footpath of screen cloth used in the process of described screening is 2-5mm.
CN201410825866.6A 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 Composite microbial fertilizer and preparation method thereof CN104496577A (en)

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CN104829398A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-12 楚长福 Organic soil improvement fertilizer
CN104909946A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-09-16 江苏沃绿宝有机农业开发有限公司 Special compound biological organic fertilizer for tuber crop and preparation method thereof
CN104909949A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-09-16 江苏沃绿宝有机农业开发有限公司 Special compound biological organic fertilizer for peanuts and preparation method thereof
CN104919931A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-23 刘长生 Saline land improvement method
CN104945167A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-09-30 江苏沃绿宝有机农业开发有限公司 Compound biological organic fertilizer and preparing method thereof
CN104961611A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-10-07 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 Microbial organic fertilizer having saline-alkali soil improvement function
CN105084955A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-11-25 定西华冠农牧业开发有限公司 Method for preparing organic fertilizer from cow dung and sheep manure
CN105175097A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-23 定远县田包子种植业家庭农场 Special fig planting fertilizer prepared from humic acid complexed with inorganic elements and preparation method for fertilizer
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CN105367351A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-02 承德正旺生物技术有限公司 Solid biological bacterial fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105482826A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-04-13 遂宁市夏曾种植有限公司 Soil improvement composition and soil improvement method
CN105523810A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-27 中国海洋大学 Seaweed azotobacter fertilizer preparation method
CN105753606A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-07-13 广东海洋大学 Method of utilizing aquatic product viscera and oyster shells to prepare organic fertilizer
CN106748152A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 新昌县奥而特农业科技有限公司 Composite microbiological fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106882995A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-23 安徽中煦环保新材料科技有限公司 A kind of soil enrichment material and preparation method thereof
CN106966837A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-07-21 李�荣 Feces of livestock and poultry bacterial manure and preparation method thereof
CN107935711A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-04-20 安徽维力拓网络科技有限公司 Organic biofertilizer
CN108033851A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-05-15 福建三康循环农法农业科技有限公司 It is a kind of can the anti-anti- ant of underground worm biological organic fertilizer and preparation method
CN108164364A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-06-15 河南牧农生物科技有限公司 A kind of method that pig manure produces bio-bacterial manure by biofermentation
CN108314487A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-07-24 广东丰康生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of composite biological fertilizer for soil remediation
CN109169103A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-01-11 黔西南州鑫鸿商贸有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high-quality Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104829398A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-12 楚长福 Organic soil improvement fertilizer
CN104919931A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-23 刘长生 Saline land improvement method
CN104961611A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-10-07 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 Microbial organic fertilizer having saline-alkali soil improvement function
CN104909946A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-09-16 江苏沃绿宝有机农业开发有限公司 Special compound biological organic fertilizer for tuber crop and preparation method thereof
CN104909949A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-09-16 江苏沃绿宝有机农业开发有限公司 Special compound biological organic fertilizer for peanuts and preparation method thereof
CN104945167A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-09-30 江苏沃绿宝有机农业开发有限公司 Compound biological organic fertilizer and preparing method thereof
CN105175097A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-23 定远县田包子种植业家庭农场 Special fig planting fertilizer prepared from humic acid complexed with inorganic elements and preparation method for fertilizer
CN105175183A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-23 刘奋安 Multifunctional soil conditioning agent adopting shrimp and crab shell as main material, and preparation method thereof
CN105084955A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-11-25 定西华冠农牧业开发有限公司 Method for preparing organic fertilizer from cow dung and sheep manure
CN105482826A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-04-13 遂宁市夏曾种植有限公司 Soil improvement composition and soil improvement method
CN105482826B (en) * 2015-11-25 2019-03-01 遂宁市夏曾种植有限公司 A kind of soil improvement composition and soil improvement method
CN105367351A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-02 承德正旺生物技术有限公司 Solid biological bacterial fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105523810A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-27 中国海洋大学 Seaweed azotobacter fertilizer preparation method
CN105753606A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-07-13 广东海洋大学 Method of utilizing aquatic product viscera and oyster shells to prepare organic fertilizer
CN106748152A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 新昌县奥而特农业科技有限公司 Composite microbiological fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106882995A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-23 安徽中煦环保新材料科技有限公司 A kind of soil enrichment material and preparation method thereof
CN106966837A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-07-21 李�荣 Feces of livestock and poultry bacterial manure and preparation method thereof
CN107935711A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-04-20 安徽维力拓网络科技有限公司 Organic biofertilizer
CN108033851A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-05-15 福建三康循环农法农业科技有限公司 It is a kind of can the anti-anti- ant of underground worm biological organic fertilizer and preparation method
CN108164364A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-06-15 河南牧农生物科技有限公司 A kind of method that pig manure produces bio-bacterial manure by biofermentation
CN108314487A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-07-24 广东丰康生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of composite biological fertilizer for soil remediation
CN109206214A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-15 卫卓然 Method for preparing fertilizer based on biomass carbon
CN109169103A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-01-11 黔西南州鑫鸿商贸有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high-quality Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae

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