CN104496299A - Dry-mixed exterior wall surface mortar, and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Dry-mixed exterior wall surface mortar, and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104496299A
CN104496299A CN201410682498.4A CN201410682498A CN104496299A CN 104496299 A CN104496299 A CN 104496299A CN 201410682498 A CN201410682498 A CN 201410682498A CN 104496299 A CN104496299 A CN 104496299A
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China
Prior art keywords
weight
exterior
dry mixed
plastering mortar
consumption
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Pending
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CN201410682498.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
强晓震
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People's Science And Technology Building Materials Co Ltd In Wuhu
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People's Science And Technology Building Materials Co Ltd In Wuhu
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Priority to CN201410682498.4A priority Critical patent/CN104496299A/en
Publication of CN104496299A publication Critical patent/CN104496299A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a dry-mixed exterior wall surface mortar, and a preparation method thereof. The dry-mixed exterior wall surface mortar comprises, by weight, 100 parts of river sand, 15 to 25 parts of cement, 9 to 16 parts of perlite, 3 to 7 parts of wood fiber, 3 to 6 parts of methyl cellulose, 4 to 7 parts of guar gum ether, 0.3 to 0.5 part of a water reducer, 0.5 to 0.8 part of an early strength agent, and 1 to 3 parts of calcium nitrite. The dry-mixed exterior wall surface mortar is high in tensile adhesive strength, compressive strength, and rupture strength, so that cracking or peeling is not caused after using of the dry-mixed exterior wall surface mortar.

Description

Be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to mortar, particularly, relate to one and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Dry-mixed mortar, be building materials field emerging be dry mixed one of material, with cement be the fine aggregate of main agglutinate and dry sieve divisional processing, the mixture that mixes by a certain percentage of mineral admixture, reinforcement material and admixture.Dry-mixed mortar has the advantages that to be convenient to transport and store.
Being dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar is one in dry-mixed mortar, for brushing on exterior wall.The impact of this mortar owing to being exposed to the weather, the situation making this easily occur cracking and peel off, thus limit the application of dry-mixed mortar.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide one and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, this is dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar has after excellent tensile bond strength, ultimate compression strength and folding strength make it use and can not ftracture and come off.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides one and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, described in be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar and contain cement, perlite, xylon, river sand, methylcellulose gum, guar gum ether, water reducer, hardening accelerator and calcium nitrite; Relative to the river sand of 100 weight parts, the content of described cement is 15-25 weight part, described perlitic content is 9-16 weight part, the content of described xylon is 3-7 weight part, the content of described methylcellulose gum is 3-6 weight part, and the content of described guar gum ether is 4-7 weight part, and the content of described water reducer is 0.3-0.5 weight part, the content of described hardening accelerator is 0.5-0.8 weight part, and the content of described calcium nitrite is 1-3 weight part.
Present invention also offers a kind of preparation method being dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, described method is: cement, perlite, xylon, river sand, methylcellulose gum, guar gum ether, water reducer, hardening accelerator and calcium nitrite are mixed; Relative to the river sand of 100 weight parts, the consumption of described cement is 15-25 weight part, described perlitic consumption is 9-16 weight part, the consumption of described xylon is 3-7 weight part, the consumption of described methylcellulose gum is 3-6 weight part, and the consumption of described guar gum ether is 4-7 weight part, and the consumption of described water reducer is 0.3-0.5 weight part, the consumption of described hardening accelerator is 0.5-0.8 weight part, and the consumption of described calcium nitrite is 1-3 weight part.
Pass through technique scheme, the exterior wall plastering mortar that is dry mixed provided by the invention makes this be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar by the synergy of each material can to use in cold environment, even if use temperature is low to moderate-15 DEG C, this is dry mixed the situation also not occurring after exterior wall plastering mortar uses ftractureing and peeling off.
Other features and advantages of the present invention are described in detail in embodiment part subsequently.
Embodiment
Below the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail.Should be understood that, embodiment described herein, only for instruction and explanation of the present invention, is not limited to the present invention.
The invention provides one and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, described in be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar and contain cement, perlite, xylon, river sand, methylcellulose gum, guar gum ether, water reducer, hardening accelerator and calcium nitrite; Relative to the river sand of 100 weight parts, the content of described cement is 15-25 weight part, described perlitic content is 9-16 weight part, the content of described xylon is 3-7 weight part, the content of described methylcellulose gum is 3-6 weight part, and the content of described guar gum ether is 4-7 weight part, and the content of described water reducer is 0.3-0.5 weight part, the content of described hardening accelerator is 0.5-0.8 weight part, and the content of described calcium nitrite is 1-3 weight part.
In the present invention, xylon can be selected in wide scope, but has more excellent tensile bond strength, ultimate compression strength and folding strength to make to be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, and preferably, the particle diameter of described xylon is not more than 4 μm.
In the present invention, the concrete kind of water reducer can be selected in wide scope, but have more excellent tensile bond strength, ultimate compression strength and folding strength to make to be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, preferably, described water reducer is selected from calcium lignin sulphonate and/or sodium lignosulfonate.
In the present invention, the concrete kind of hardening accelerator can be selected in wide scope, but in order to make to be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, there is more excellent tensile bond strength, ultimate compression strength and folding strength, preferably, described hardening accelerator is selected from one or more in sodium sulfate, Sulfothiorine, Tai-Ace S 150 and aluminum potassium sulfate.
Present invention also offers a kind of preparation method being dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, described method is: cement, perlite, xylon, river sand, methylcellulose gum, guar gum ether, water reducer, hardening accelerator and calcium nitrite are mixed; Relative to the river sand of 100 weight parts, the consumption of described cement is 15-25 weight part, described perlitic consumption is 9-16 weight part, the consumption of described xylon is 3-7 weight part, the consumption of described methylcellulose gum is 3-6 weight part, and the consumption of described guar gum ether is 4-7 weight part, and the consumption of described water reducer is 0.3-0.5 weight part, the consumption of described hardening accelerator is 0.5-0.8 weight part, and the consumption of described calcium nitrite is 1-3 weight part.
In the present invention, xylon can be selected in wide scope, but has more excellent tensile bond strength, ultimate compression strength and folding strength to make to be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, and preferably, the particle diameter of described xylon is not more than 4 μm.
In the present invention, the concrete kind of water reducer can be selected in wide scope, but have more excellent tensile bond strength, ultimate compression strength and folding strength to make to be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, preferably, described water reducer is selected from calcium lignin sulphonate and/or sodium lignosulfonate.
In the present invention, the concrete kind of hardening accelerator can be selected in wide scope, but in order to make to be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, there is more excellent tensile bond strength, ultimate compression strength and folding strength, preferably, described hardening accelerator is selected from one or more in sodium sulfate, Sulfothiorine, Tai-Ace S 150 and aluminum potassium sulfate.
In the present invention, the actual conditions of mixing can be selected in wide scope, but has more excellent waterproof and freeze-proof to make to be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, preferably, described mixing meets the following conditions: mixing time is 20-40min, and mixing temperature is 15-35 DEG C.
Below will be described the present invention by embodiment.In following examples, tensile bond strength, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter are recorded by the method in JG/T230-2007; In the present invention, spent material is conventional commercial product.
Embodiment 1
At 25 DEG C, be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar A1 by obtained to river sand 100kg, cement 20kg, perlite 12kg, xylon 5kg, methylcellulose gum 4kg, guar gum ether 6kg, calcium lignin sulphonate 0.4kg, sodium sulfate 0.7kg and calcium nitrite 2kg mixing 30min.Wherein, the particle diameter of xylon is 4 μm.
This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Embodiment 2
At 15 DEG C, be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar A2 by obtained to river sand 100kg, cement 15kg, perlite 9kg, xylon 3kg, methylcellulose gum 3kg, guar gum ether 4kg, calcium lignin sulphonate 0.3kg, sodium sulfate 0.5kg and calcium nitrite 1kg mixing 20min.Wherein, the particle diameter of xylon is 2 μm.
This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Embodiment 3
At 35 DEG C, be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar A3 by obtained to river sand 100kg, cement 25kg, perlite 16kg, xylon 7kg, methylcellulose gum 6kg, guar gum ether 7kg, calcium lignin sulphonate 0.5kg, sodium sulfate 0.8kg and calcium nitrite 3kg mixing 40min.Wherein, the particle diameter of xylon is 1 μm.
This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Embodiment 4
Carry out obtaining according to the method for embodiment 1 and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar A4, unlike, calcium lignin sulphonate is changed to sodium lignosulfonate.This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Embodiment 5
Carry out obtaining according to the method for embodiment 1 and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar A5, unlike, sodium sulfate is changed to Sulfothiorine.This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Comparative example 1
Carry out obtaining according to the method for embodiment 1 and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar B1, unlike, not containing calcium lignin sulphonate.This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Comparative example 2
Carry out obtaining according to the method for embodiment 1 and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar B2, unlike, not containing sodium sulfate.This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Comparative example 3
Carry out obtaining according to the method for embodiment 1 and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar B3, unlike, not containing calcium nitrite.This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Comparative example 4
Carry out obtaining according to the method for embodiment 1 and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar B4, unlike, the consumption of calcium lignin sulphonate is 0.5kg.This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Comparative example 5
Carry out obtaining according to the method for embodiment 1 and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar B5, unlike, the consumption of sodium sulfate is 1.0kg.This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Comparative example 6
Carry out obtaining according to the method for embodiment 1 and be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar B6, unlike, the consumption of calcium nitrite is 5kg.This is dry mixed the tensile bond strength of exterior wall plastering mortar, ultimate compression strength and folding strength parameter in table 1.
Table 1
Wherein, the destruction interface of the detection of above-mentioned tensile bond strength is carried out on expansion polyphenyl plate.
From above-described embodiment and comparative example, the exterior wall plastering mortar that is dry mixed provided by the invention has excellent tensile bond strength, ultimate compression strength and folding strength, thus ensure that this is dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar and can not ftractures and come off.
From above-described embodiment and comparative example, the antifreeze mortar of mixed waterproof provided by the invention not only has excellent ultimate compression strength and folding strength, also has excellent waterproof and freeze-proof simultaneously.
More than describe the preferred embodiment of the present invention in detail; but the present invention is not limited to the detail in above-mentioned embodiment, within the scope of technical conceive of the present invention; can carry out multiple simple variant to technical scheme of the present invention, these simple variant all belong to protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that in addition, each concrete technical characteristic described in above-mentioned embodiment, in reconcilable situation, can be combined by any suitable mode, in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the present invention illustrates no longer separately to various possible array mode.
In addition, also can carry out arbitrary combination between various different embodiment of the present invention, as long as it is without prejudice to thought of the present invention, it should be considered as content disclosed in this invention equally.

Claims (9)

1. be dry mixed an exterior wall plastering mortar, it is characterized in that, described in be dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar and contain cement, perlite, xylon, river sand, methylcellulose gum, guar gum ether, water reducer, hardening accelerator and calcium nitrite; Relative to the river sand of 100 weight parts, the content of described cement is 15-25 weight part, described perlitic content is 9-16 weight part, the content of described xylon is 3-7 weight part, the content of described methylcellulose gum is 3-6 weight part, and the content of described guar gum ether is 4-7 weight part, and the content of described water reducer is 0.3-0.5 weight part, the content of described hardening accelerator is 0.5-0.8 weight part, and the content of described calcium nitrite is 1-3 weight part.
2. be according to claim 1ly dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, wherein, the particle diameter of described xylon is not more than 4 μm.
3. be according to claim 1 and 2ly dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, wherein, described water reducer is selected from calcium lignin sulphonate and/or sodium lignosulfonate.
4. be according to claim 1 and 2ly dry mixed exterior wall plastering mortar, wherein, described hardening accelerator be selected from sodium sulfate, Sulfothiorine, Tai-Ace S 150 and aluminum potassium sulfate one or more.
5. be dry mixed a preparation method for exterior wall plastering mortar, it is characterized in that, described method is: cement, perlite, xylon, river sand, methylcellulose gum, guar gum ether, water reducer, hardening accelerator and calcium nitrite are mixed; Relative to the river sand of 100 weight parts, the consumption of described cement is 15-25 weight part, described perlitic consumption is 9-16 weight part, the consumption of described xylon is 3-7 weight part, the consumption of described methylcellulose gum is 3-6 weight part, and the consumption of described guar gum ether is 4-7 weight part, and the consumption of described water reducer is 0.3-0.5 weight part, the consumption of described hardening accelerator is 0.5-0.8 weight part, and the consumption of described calcium nitrite is 1-3 weight part.
6. preparation method according to claim 5, wherein, the particle diameter of described xylon is not more than 4 μm.
7. the preparation method according to claim 5 or 6, wherein, described water reducer is selected from calcium lignin sulphonate and/or sodium lignosulfonate.
8. the preparation method according to claim 5 or 6, wherein, described hardening accelerator be selected from sodium sulfate, Sulfothiorine, Tai-Ace S 150 and aluminum potassium sulfate one or more.
9. the preparation method according to claim 5 or 6, wherein, described mixing meets the following conditions: mixing time is 20-40min, and mixing temperature is 15-35 DEG C.
CN201410682498.4A 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Dry-mixed exterior wall surface mortar, and preparation method thereof Pending CN104496299A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101555119A (en) * 2009-05-21 2009-10-14 北京虹霞正升涂料有限责任公司 Plastering mortar used for wall surface enclose structure of building
CN102659380A (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-09-12 南京天云新型建材科技有限公司 Modified building plastering mortar for aerated concrete
CN102674774A (en) * 2012-05-26 2012-09-19 万华节能建材股份有限公司 Elastic anti-crack coating mortar and preparation process thereof
CN104086141A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-08 俞权锋 Architectural dry-mixing plastering mortar and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101555119A (en) * 2009-05-21 2009-10-14 北京虹霞正升涂料有限责任公司 Plastering mortar used for wall surface enclose structure of building
CN102674774A (en) * 2012-05-26 2012-09-19 万华节能建材股份有限公司 Elastic anti-crack coating mortar and preparation process thereof
CN102659380A (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-09-12 南京天云新型建材科技有限公司 Modified building plastering mortar for aerated concrete
CN104086141A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-08 俞权锋 Architectural dry-mixing plastering mortar and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
刘连新等: "《高原环境建筑材料 》", 31 January 2010 *

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