CN104494848A - Automatic packaging method - Google Patents

Automatic packaging method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104494848A
CN104494848A CN201410640919.7A CN201410640919A CN104494848A CN 104494848 A CN104494848 A CN 104494848A CN 201410640919 A CN201410640919 A CN 201410640919A CN 104494848 A CN104494848 A CN 104494848A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bag
packaging
packaging bag
pressure
bagging
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410640919.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张广福
窦建广
甘洪成
景冀源
张福东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TANGSHAN ZHINENG ELECTRONICS CO Ltd
Original Assignee
TANGSHAN ZHINENG ELECTRONICS CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TANGSHAN ZHINENG ELECTRONICS CO Ltd filed Critical TANGSHAN ZHINENG ELECTRONICS CO Ltd
Priority to CN201410640919.7A priority Critical patent/CN104494848A/en
Publication of CN104494848A publication Critical patent/CN104494848A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/12Feeding flexible bags or carton blanks in flat or collapsed state; Feeding flat bags connected to form a series or chain
    • B65B43/14Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/42Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic packaging method. Valve ports of packaging bags are automatically inserted in a discharging port of a packaging machine by the aid of an automatic bag inserting machine, materials to be packaged are packaged, the automatic bag inserting machine comprises a bag sending device, a managing device, a bag lifting device and a bag shooting device, and the managing device comprises a positioning unit and a pressing unit. According to the automatic packaging method, after the uppermost packaging bag is lifted through the bag lifting device, the lowermost packaging bag is pressed through the pressing unit so as to be allowed to be always at the designated position, and successful rate of bag inserting of the packaging bags is increased; the position that the bag lifting device is attached to the packaging bags and the position that the pressing unit presses the packaging bags are staggered, and the problem that the pressing unit and the bag lifting device are intervened with each other during operation is avoided.

Description

Automatic packaging method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of packing materials, refer in particular to automatic packaging method.
Background technology
For the packaging bag for packing dust-like material, usually the opening with valve port end place being opened during use, the sack of packaging bag being inserted the feed pipe of wrapping machine, thus realize in material-filling to described packaging bag.At present, the slash pocket of domestic wrapping machine is utilize the mode of artificial bagging to realize mostly, because work-site dust is large, causes work situation poor; Moreover the labour intensity of workman is also high, not only have occupational hazards, and production efficiency is lower, can not meet the requirement of modern production.
In order to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, the existing method for automatically packing, pass through bag delivering device, valve bag inserts on one or more filling mouths of pipe of wrapping machine by holding device and device for inserting and placing, packaging bag is transported to the driving surface of specifying by described bag delivering device, when described in driving surface place, device for inserting and placing is in the state of unlatching, described packaging bag lifts the bag valve port of described packaging bag by holding device and described packaging bag is taken one by one, when device for inserting and placing is in the state of closedown, the bag valve port of a bag is opened by opening mechanism, thus described packaging bag is thrusted on the filling mouth of pipe.Adopt the work situation that causes of artificial bagging poor although above-mentioned document solves existing packing method, labor strength is high, and the problem such as production efficiency is low, but still there is following problem: during above-mentioned automatic packing work, when one group of packaging bag is seated in described transmission table top, described holding device captures when being positioned at the packaging bag of the top because the counteraction of air pressure may drive the packaging bag of lower floor, make the packaging bag of lower floor also crawled, in order to overcome this problem, usual needs are equipped with a staff specially and carry out follow-up work state, although above-mentioned way can guarantee that described holding device is each all only capture a packaging bag, but waste of manpower, if captured multiple packaging bag simultaneously, workman needs one by one by flattening, waste time and energy.
Summary of the invention
For this reason, technical matters to be solved by this invention is to overcome holding device described in prior art to capture the packaging bag of described packaging bag Shi Huishi lower floor also crawled thus cause the low problem of slash pocket success ratio thus provide a kind of automatic packaging method that can improve described packaging bag slash pocket success ratio.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, automatic packaging method of the present invention, it utilizes automatic slash pocket machine to be automatically inserted on the discharging gate of wrapping machine by packaging bag valve port, to realize the packaging treating packing materials, described automatic slash pocket machine comprises bag delivering device, device for lifting bags, penetrate bagging apparatus, described automatic slash pocket machine also comprises collating unit, described collating unit comprises registration device and pressure bagging apparatus, described automatic packaging method comprises the steps: step S1: described packaging bag is delivered to workplatform by described bag delivering device, described registration device positions on the horizontal level to the described packaging bag on described workplatform, step S2: described pressure bagging apparatus presses the packaging bag of the superiors on described workplatform, step S3: described device for lifting bags adsorbs the packaging bag of the described the superiors, now, described pressure bagging apparatus unclamps the packaging bag of the described the superiors, step S4: after described device for lifting bags lifts the packaging bag of the described the superiors, the packaging bag of described pressure bagging apparatus pressing lower floor, and described device for lifting bags is adsorbed on position in packaging bag and described pressure bagging apparatus staggers mutually by the position be pressed in described packaging bag, step S5: described in penetrate bagging apparatus receive from described device for lifting bags packaging bag and described packaging bag valve port is inserted on described discharging gate automatically.
In one embodiment of the invention, in described step S1, described bag delivering device by be arranged on holder bag frame support body is equipped with synchrodrive chain by described packaging bag continus convergence to described workplatform, described workplatform comprises to be dialled bag platform and arranges platform.
In one embodiment of the invention, in described step S1, described registration device comprises the first detent mechanism and the second detent mechanism, described first detent mechanism to described packaging bag and two sides that valve port is adjacent position, described second detent mechanism positions the side at the valve port place of described packaging bag and the side relative with valve port.
In one embodiment of the invention, in described step S2, described pressure bagging apparatus is installed on described arrangement platform, and it presses described packaging bag.
In one embodiment of the invention, the described group of bag platform is provided with dials bag device, and described packaging bag is delivered to described arrangement platform from described group of bag platform by described group of bag device, and between described group of bag platform and described arrangement platform crank motion.
In one embodiment of the invention, in described step S3, described device for lifting bags adsorbs the valve port of described packaging bag and the end face relative with valve port respectively by two groups of suckers simultaneously; In step S4 and step S5, when described device for lifting bags for by the packaging bag of the described the superiors lift deliver to described in penetrate bagging apparatus time, described packaging bag decontroled by the one group of sucker adsorbing the end face relative with valve port of described packaging bag.
In one embodiment of the invention, in described step S4, after described device for lifting bags adsorbs the packaging bag of the described the superiors, the bag seat of leading above described workplatform is exerted pressure to the packaging bag of lower floor thus the packaging bag of lower floor is separated with the packaging bag of the described the superiors after lift.
In one embodiment of the invention, that leads described in that bag seat comprises one end bending leads bag bar and the fixed part for leading bag bar described in fixing.
In one embodiment of the invention, in described step S4, described pressure bagging apparatus comprises pressure bag device and is connected with described pressure bag device and drives the pressure bag cylinder of described pressure bag device, presses bag device press or unclamp described packaging bag described in described pressure bag air cylinder driven.
In one embodiment of the invention, in described step S5, described in penetrate bagging apparatus and comprise bag taking press nips and penetrate bag press nips and polywedge bet, described polywedge bet comprises initiatively polywedge bet and driven polywedge bet; To pick up described packaging bag on the driven polywedge bet penetrating bagging apparatus described in described bag taking press nips is squeezed in, described in penetrate bag press nips and be squeezed on described driven polywedge bet so that the valve port of described packaging bag is inserted on the discharging gate of described wrapping machine automatically.
Technique scheme of the present invention has the following advantages compared to existing technology:
In the step of the method for the invention, described pressure bagging apparatus presses the packaging bag of the superiors on described workplatform, thus described packaging bag can be made to remain smooth, is beneficial to the lift of described device for lifting bags; Described device for lifting bags adsorbs the packaging bag of the described the superiors, and now, described pressure bagging apparatus unclamps the packaging bag of the described the superiors, thus makes described packaging bag be easy to crawled; After described device for lifting bags lifts the packaging bag of the described the superiors, the packaging bag of described pressure bagging apparatus pressing lower floor, can guarantee that the packaging bag position of lower floor is neat, make the position of lower floor's packaging bag also be positioned at assigned work position all the time, thus improve the slash pocket success ratio of described packaging bag; Described device for lifting bags is adsorbed on position in packaging bag and described pressure bagging apparatus staggers mutually by the position be pressed in described packaging bag, the interference problem occurred each other when avoiding described pressure bagging apparatus and the work of described device for lifting bags.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to make content of the present invention be more likely to be clearly understood, below according to a particular embodiment of the invention and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further detailed explanation, wherein
The schematic diagram of Fig. 1 automatic slash pocket machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of collating unit of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the birds-eye view of collating unit of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is that packaging bag of the present invention is delivered to the described schematic diagram dialling bag platform;
Fig. 5 is the view of pressure bagging apparatus of the present invention when unclamping described packaging bag;
Fig. 6 is the view of pressure bagging apparatus of the present invention when pressing described packaging bag;
Fig. 7 is the front view that packaging bag of the present invention is delivered to described arrangement platform;
Fig. 8 is the birds-eye view that packaging bag of the present invention is delivered to described arrangement platform;
Fig. 9 is the front view of device for lifting bags of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the birds-eye view of device for lifting bags of the present invention;
Figure 11 is front view of leading bag seat of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the cutaway view in B-B direction in Fig. 9;
Figure 13 is the cutaway view in A-A direction in Fig. 9;
Figure 14 is the front view penetrating bagging apparatus of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the left view penetrating bagging apparatus of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the right elevation penetrating bagging apparatus of the present invention;
Figure 17 of the present inventionly penetrates press nips partial schematic diagram in bagging apparatus;
Figure 18 a is that packaging bag of the present invention is positioned at bag taking position;
Figure 18 b is that packaging bag of the present invention is positioned at empty bag holding fix;
Figure 18 c is that packaging bag of the present invention completes the position penetrating bag.
Reference numeral in figure: 10-bag delivering device, 11-support body, 12-transmission shaft, 13-synchrodrive chain, 14-holds in the palm bag frame, 20-collating unit, 21-workplatform, 21A-dials a bag platform, 21B-arranges platform, 22A-dials a bag device, 22B-keeps off bag device, 22C-keeps off bag cylinder, 23A-fixed dam, 23B-pushes away a bag baffle plate, 23C-pushes away a bag cylinder, 24-presses bagging apparatus, 24A-presses bag device, 24B-presses bag cylinder, 25-support, 25A-slit, 25B-dials bag hides band, 29-registration device, 29A-first detent mechanism, 29B-second detent mechanism, 30-device for lifting bags, 31-sucker, 32-sucker fork, 33-cylinder block, 33A-first cylinder, 34-bag taking fork, 34A-expansion set, 34B-pivoted arm, 34C-tumbler shaft, 34D-connecting rod, 34E-balance staff, 34F-escapement, 34G-oscillating bearing, 34H-push rod, 34I-ejector rob axis, 34J-sucker fork axle, 34K-sucker axle, 34L-parallel bar, 34M-locating part, 35-guide, 35A-first bent plate, 35B-second bent plate, 36-bag taking suction pipe, 40-penetrates bagging apparatus, 41-bag taking press nips, 42-penetrates a bag press nips, 42A-photoelectric switch, 42B-second cylinder, 43A-is polywedge bet initiatively, the driven polywedge bet of 43B-, 44-motor, 45A-driving pulley, 45B-driven pulley, 46-is with wheel seat, 46A-belt tensioning mechanism, 47-mount pad, 48A-first rolling bearing units, 48B-second rolling bearing units, 48C-penetrates a bag fork, 49-leads bag seat, 49A-leads a bag bar, 49B-connecting element, 49C-mounting hole, 50-discharging gate, 60-packaging bag, the automatic slash pocket machine of 70-.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Fig. 1 and Figure 18 c, a kind of automatic packaging method described in the present embodiment, it utilizes automatic slash pocket machine 70 to be automatically inserted on the discharging gate 50 of wrapping machine by packaging bag 60 valve port, to realize the packaging treating packing materials, described automatic slash pocket machine 70 comprises bag delivering device 10, device for lifting bags 30, penetrate bagging apparatus 40, described automatic slash pocket machine 70 also comprises collating unit 20, described collating unit 20 comprises registration device 29 and pressure bagging apparatus 24, described automatic packaging method comprises the steps: step S1: described packaging bag 60 is delivered to workplatform 21 by described bag delivering device 10, described registration device 29 positions on the horizontal level to the described packaging bag 60 on described workplatform 21, step S2: described pressure bagging apparatus 24 presses the packaging bag 60 of the superiors on described workplatform 21, step S3: described device for lifting bags 30 adsorbs the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, now, described pressure bagging apparatus 24 unclamps the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, step S4: after described device for lifting bags 30 lifts the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, described pressure bagging apparatus 24 presses the packaging bag 60 of lower floor, and described device for lifting bags 30 is adsorbed on position in packaging bag 60 and described pressure bagging apparatus 24 staggers mutually by the position be pressed in described packaging bag 60, step S5: described in penetrate bagging apparatus 40 and receive the packaging bag 60 from described device for lifting bags 30 and described packaging bag 60 valve port is inserted on described discharging gate 50 automatically.
Automatic packaging method of the present invention is penetrated bagging apparatus 40 by the described bag delivering device 10 on described automatic slash pocket machine 70, described collating unit 20, described device for lifting bags 30 and described bag taking successively and just automatically can be inserted in often organizing packaging bag 60 successively on the discharging gate 50 of wrapping machine, complete the packaging of material, wherein, described collating unit 20 comprises the registration device 29 for locating described packaging bag 60 side and described packaging bag 60 is pressed plain pressure bagging apparatus 24.Described automatic packaging method comprises the steps: in described step S1, and described packaging bag 60 is delivered to workplatform 21 by described bag delivering device 10, and described registration device 29 positions on the horizontal level to the described packaging bag 60 on described workplatform 21; In described step S2, described pressure bagging apparatus 24 presses the packaging bag 60 of the superiors on described workplatform 21, thus described packaging bag 60 can be made to remain smooth, is beneficial to the lift of described device for lifting bags 30; In described step S3, described device for lifting bags 30 adsorbs the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, and now, described pressure bagging apparatus 24 unclamps the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, thus makes described packaging bag 60 be easy to crawled; In described step S4, after described device for lifting bags 30 lifts the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, described pressure bagging apparatus 24 presses the packaging bag 60 of lower floor, can guarantee that the packaging bag position of lower floor is neat, make the position of lower floor's packaging bag also be positioned at assigned work position all the time, thus improve the slash pocket success ratio of described packaging bag; Described device for lifting bags 30 is adsorbed on position in packaging bag 60 and described pressure bagging apparatus 24 staggers mutually by the position be pressed in described packaging bag 60, avoids the interference problem occurred each other when described pressure bagging apparatus 24 and described device for lifting bags 30 work; In described step S5, described in penetrate bagging apparatus 40 and receive the packaging bag 60 from described device for lifting bags 30 and described packaging bag 60 valve port is inserted on described discharging gate 50 automatically, complete the automatic packaging of material.
In described step S1 of the present invention, shown in figure 1 and Fig. 4, the transmission shaft 12 that described bag delivering device 10 comprises support body 11 and is arranged on support body 11, described transmission shaft 12 is equipped with synchrodrive chain 13, and on described synchrodrive chain 13, equidistant being provided with puts the holder bag frame 14 that described some stacked packages pack 60.Described transmission shaft 12 provides power for described synchrodrive chain 13, holder bag frame 14 on described synchrodrive chain 13 is moved towards described collating unit 20, some stacked packages pack 60 on described holder bag frame 14 is transported on described arrangement platform 21B, finally make described bag delivering device 10 by be arranged on holder bag frame 14 support body 11 is equipped with synchrodrive chain 13 by described packaging bag 60 continus convergence to described workplatform 21.
As shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, described workplatform 21 comprises reception from group bag platform 21A of the described packaging bag 60 of described the bag delivering device 10 and arrangement platform 21B described packaging bag 60 on described group of bag platform 21A being transported to work top.Described group of bag platform 21A and arrangement platform 21B is arranged on support 25, and described group of bag platform 21A is that chamfered transition plate is connected with the described arrangement platform 21B in horizontal surface.
Described registration device 29 dialling bag platform 21A and arranging the position that platform 21B locates described packaging bag 60 by described collating unit 20, described packaging bag 60 presses plain by described arrangement platform 21B by described pressure bagging apparatus 24.Described registration device 29 comprises the first detent mechanism 29A and the second detent mechanism 29B, described first detent mechanism 29A to described packaging bag 60 and two sides that valve port is adjacent position, described second detent mechanism 29B positions the side at the valve port place of described packaging bag 60 and the side relative with valve port.
As shown in Figure 7, described first detent mechanism 29A comprises and reciprocatingly when transporting along described group of bag platform 21A to described arrangement platform 21B with described packaging bag 60 dials bag device 22A and for keeping out described packaging bag 60 along described group of bag platform 21A to the gear bag device 22B of described arrangement platform 21B direction movement, described group of bag device 22A and described gear bag device 22B for locating two sides adjacent with valve port of described packaging bag 60.
Described group of bag platform 21A and described arrangement platform 21B is provided with several slits 25A, be provided with in described slit 25A and dial bag hides band 25B, described group of bag device 22A is fixed on described group bag hides band 25B, the described group of bag hides band 25B provides power for the motion of described group of bag device 22A, when described group of bag hides band 25B rotates forward, the described bag device 22A of dialling is driven to move from the flower wheel position of described group of bag hides band 25B, when described group of bag hides band 25B rotates backward, the described bag device 22A that dials is driven to be back to flower wheel position, described group bag device 22A back and forth movement between the flower wheel and driving wheel of described group of bag hides band 25B is driven by forward and reverse rotation of described group of bag hides band 25B.Because described group of bag device 22A moves with the motion of described group of bag hides band 25B, from described bag delivering device 10 described packaging bag 60 by described in several dial bag hides band 25B motion Absorbable organic halogens be transported to described arrangement platform 21B from described group of bag platform 21A, not only increase the speed of transporting described packaging bag 60, and ensure that the neat of packaging bag 60 described in transportation, improve the accuracy rate of described packaging bag autopatching on described wrapping machine.
Described packaging bag 60 under the drive of described group of bag hides band 25B from described group of bag platform 21A horizontal transport to described arrangement platform 21B, described gear bag device 22B is arranged on one end of described arrangement platform 21B, thus can stop the lasting movement of described packaging bag 60 on described arrangement platform 23B.Described gear bag device 22B is for locating described packaging bag 60 another side adjacent with valve port, stop described packaging bag 60 under the drive of described group of bag hides band 25B, continue the movement on described arrangement platform 23B to realize described gear bag device 22B, particularly, described gear bag device 22B is connected with gear bag cylinder 22C, described gear bag cylinder 22C drives described gear bag device 22B and makes described gear bag device 22B higher than the table top of described arrangement platform 21B, thus the work area making described packaging bag 60 move to described arrangement platform 21B under the drive of described group of bag hides band 25B to specify, be convenient to the work of follow-up described device for lifting bags 30, described packaging bag 60 two sides adjacent with valve port are positioned in the band of position that described arrangement platform 21B specifies eventually through described group of bag device 22A and described gear bag device 22B.
In order to make described gear bag device 22B higher than the table top of described arrangement platform 21B, described gear bag device 22B is lifting stop lever, described arrangement platform 21B offers through hole, described lifting stop lever is arranged in described through hole, thus can realize described gear bag cylinder 22C and drive described gear bag device 22B and make described gear bag device 22B higher than the table top of described arrangement platform 21B.
As shown in Figure 8, described second detent mechanism 29B comprise the valve port place side for keeping out described packaging bag 60 be arranged on described arrangement platform 21B fixed dam 23A and be arranged on the side relative with valve port for keeping out described packaging bag 60 on described arrangement platform 21B push away a bag baffle plate 23B.Described fixed dam 23A and the described bag baffle plate 23B that pushes away are for locating the valve port side of described packaging bag 60 and the side relative with valve port.
Describedly push away bag baffle plate 23B and push away a bag cylinder 23C and be connected, described push away bag cylinder 23C drive described in push away bag baffle plate 23B and move towards described packaging bag valve port side directions, described fixed dam 23A is arranged on the described packaging bag 60 valve port side on described arrangement platform 21B, described packaging bag 60 described push away bag promotion of baffle plate 23B under, described fixed dam 23A stops described packaging bag 60 to continue to move on described arrangement platform 21B, described fixed dam 23A pushes away in the band of position that bag baffle plate 23B makes the valve port side of described packaging bag 60 and the side relative with valve port be positioned in specify with described.
Described packaging bag 60 can be positioned at the assigned address on described arrangement platform 21B by automatic packaging method of the present invention by described first detent mechanism 29A and described second detent mechanism 29B, particularly, described group of bag device 22A and described gear bag device 22B and described fixed dam 23A and described four sides pushing away the described packaging bag 60 that level is seated on described arrangement platform 21B by bag baffle plate 23B are positioned at the position of specifying, the control position making described packaging bag 60 be positioned in described arrangement platform 21B to specify, not only ensure that described device for lifting bags 30 lifts the valve port end regions of described packaging bag 60 all the time, and improve the accuracy rate of described packaging bag autopatching on described wrapping machine.
Described pressure bagging apparatus 24 is installed on described arrangement platform 21B, comprises the pressure bag device 24A that presses described packaging bag 60 and is connected with described pressure bag device 24A and drives described pressure bag device 24A to press or unclamp the pressure bag cylinder 24B of described packaging bag 60.Described pressure bagging apparatus 24 presses the packaging bag 60 of the superiors on described arrangement platform 21, just can control described pressure bag device 24A by the motion of piston in described pressure bag cylinder 24B press or unclamp described packaging bag 60, in described step S2 of the present invention, described pressure bag device 24A presses the packaging bag 60 of the superiors on described arrangement platform 21B; In described step S3, described device for lifting bags 30 adsorbs the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, and now, described pressure bag device 24A unclamps the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, as shown in Figure 5; In described step S4, after described device for lifting bags 30 lifts the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, described pressure bag device 24A presses the packaging bag 60 of lower floor, as shown in Figure 6.
In described step S4, please refer to described in Fig. 9 and Figure 10, described device for lifting bags 30 comprises the sucker 31 lifting described packaging bag 60, adsorb the valve port position of described packaging bag 60 and the top side location relative with valve port respectively by two groups of suckers 31 simultaneously, when described sucker 31 adsorbs described packaging bag 60, described pressure bag device 24A unclamps described packaging bag 60, lift after described packaging bag 60 until described sucker 31, described pressure bag device 24A presses the packaging bag 60 of lower floor, stagger mutually in the position that wherein said pressure bag device 24A is adsorbed in described packaging bag 60 by the position be pressed in described packaging bag 60 and described sucker 31.When described device for lifting bags 30 is for penetrating bagging apparatus 40 described in the packaging bag 60 of the superiors lift being delivered to, packaging bag 60 decontroled by one group of sucker 31 of the end face relative with valve port of absorption packaging bag 60.
Described sucker 31 is connected on sucker fork 32, and described sucker 31 is by the external vacuum generator of bag taking suction pipe 36, and in described step S2 of the present invention, described pressure bagging apparatus 24 is in the state of Continued depression in described packaging bag; In described step S3, described sucker fork 32 drives described sucker 31 vertically to move downward, described device for lifting bags 30 adsorbs the valve port position of the superiors' packaging bag of described packaging bag 60 by described sucker 31, now described pressure bag device 24A unclamps described packaging bag 60; In described step S4, described sucker fork 32 drives described sucker 31 vertically upward movement, makes the superiors' packaging bag be lifted to assigned address, and described pressure bag device 24A presses the packaging bag of lower floor.In order to ensure that described sucker 31 is easy to the valve port position of the packaging bag 60 of adsorbing the superiors, staggering mutually in the position that described pressure bag device 24A is adsorbed in described packaging bag 60 by the position be pressed in described packaging bag 60 and described sucker 31, thus avoids the interference problem occurred each other when described pressure bag device 24A and described sucker 31 work.
Shown in figure 9 and Figure 10, device for lifting bags 30 of the present invention is located on cylinder block 33, described cylinder block 33 is positioned on mount pad 47, described cylinder block 33 is provided with the first cylinder 33A, described first cylinder 33A can swing as described device for lifting bags 30 provides power around described cylinder block 33, described first cylinder 33A and bag taking fork 34 hinged, and described first cylinder 33A drives described bag taking fork 34 to swing, described bag taking fork 34 is connected with guide 35 and described bag taking press nips 41 of penetrating bagging apparatus 40.Wherein, described guide 35 is made up of the first bent plate 35A and the second bent plate 35B, described first bent plate 35A and the second bent plate 35B cross section all V-shaped, wherein, described second bent plate 35B and described bag taking fork 34 are hinged, and described bag taking fork 34 can drive described second bent plate 35B folding pivotally, when described guide 35 closes, a rhombus delivery chute is formed, for holding the valve port of described packaging bag 60 in the middle of described guide 35.Described bag taking fork 34 is connected with pivoted arm 34B by expansion set 34A, and described pivoted arm 34B is hinged by tumbler shaft 34C and connecting rod 34D, and described connecting rod 34D is connected with described balance staff 34E.Described first cylinder 33A reciprocate through described bag taking fork 34, described pivoted arm 34B, described connecting rod 34D drive described balance staff 34E to move, be converted into the wobbling action of described bag taking fork 34, thus the swing realizing described bag taking fork 34 to drive described bag taking press nips 41 to realize sending of described packaging bag 60 defeated.
Swing for a long time to prevent described bag taking fork 34 and may lose efficacy thus cause the problem that drops, described sucker fork 32 is also provided with locating part 34M, described locating part 34M and described sucker 31 are all arranged on described sucker fork 32, if described bag taking fork 34 lost efficacy, described locating part 34M is arranged on above described collating unit 20, so described locating part 34M contacts described collating unit 20 thus plays a supporting role, described bag taking fork 34 is avoided to drop the problem of the equipment that smashes.
Due to described pressure bag device 24A and described sucker 31 coordinate described sucker 31 can be made to lift the superiors' packaging bag often organizing described packaging bag 60 time, the packaging bag of described lower floor can not be taken up, in order to improve packaging efficiency, after described sucker 31 lifts the speed raising of described packaging bag 60, in order to ensure that the packaging bag of described lower floor can not be lifted further, in described step S4, after described device for lifting bags 30 adsorbs the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors, bag seat 49 of leading directly over described arrangement platform 21B is exerted pressure to the packaging bag 60 of lower floor thus the packaging bag 60 of lower floor is separated with the packaging bag 60 of the described the superiors after lift.As shown in figure 11, described lead bag seat 49 comprise one end bending lead bag bar 49A and fixed part 49B, the wherein said bag bar 49A that leads is fixed on described mount pad 47 by the mounting hole 49C on described fixed part 49B, described mounting hole 49C is square, be fixed on described mount pad 47 by fastener, by adjust the position of described fastener in mounting hole 49C just can regulate described in lead the height of bag bar 49A apart from described arrangement platform 21B.A described bag bar 49A one end of leading upwards bends, when described packaging bag 60 is moved from described group of bag platform 21A to described arrangement platform 21B, lead a bag bar 49A described in can avoiding and touch described packaging bag 60, thus ensure that described packaging bag 60 remains neatly plain in transportation, lead described that bag seat 49 is positioned on described arrangement platform 21B often organize directly over packaging bag 60 due to described, when described sucker 31 lifts the superiors' packaging bag of described often group packaging bag 60, a bag bar 49A is led described in described packaging bag 60 after lift touches, describedly lead bag packaging bag of bar 49A to lower floor and apply downward pressure, thus avoid the packaging bag of lower floor to be lifted, make to be entered in described guide 35 in vertical shape by the packaging bag 60 after lifting simultaneously.
Automatic slash pocket machine 70 of the present invention comprises two groups of suckers, described one group of sucker 31 is used for lifting described packaging bag valve port position, one group of sucker is used for lifting the described packaging bag end face relative with valve port, by described two groups of suckers, described packaging bag 60 level is lifted, wherein, the force of suction cup being used for lifting described packaging bag and valve port relative position is less, when leading bag bar 49A described in the described packaging bag 60 after lifting touches, a bag stop of bar 49A is led due to described, this group sucker is forced to come off from described packaging bag, thus described packaging bag 60 is entered in described guide 35 in vertical shape.It should be noted that: of the present inventionly described packaging bag 60 is entered in described guide 35 in vertical shape be not limited to said method, as as described in after lifting packaging bag 60 touch as described in lead bag bar 49A time, packaging bag decontroled by the sucker that controller controls the described packaging bag of absorption and valve port relative position, and described packaging bag 60 also can be made to enter in described guide 35 in vertical shape.
As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, described bag taking fork 34 front end is fixed with escapement 34F, and described escapement 34F is connected with one end of push rod 34H by oscillating bearing 34G.The described push rod 34H other end by described oscillating bearing 34G and ejector rob axis 34I and described sucker fork 32 hinged.Described sucker fork 32 can rotate around sucker fork axle 34J.Described sucker fork 32 connects described bag taking suction pipe 36 and sucker 31 by sucker axle 34K, can make packaging bag 60 described in described sucker 31 vacuum suction by the external vacuum apparatus of described bag taking suction pipe 36.In order to ensure that the path of motion of described sucker 31 is always adsorbed described packaging bag straight down and moves straight up after lifting described packaging bag 60, described sucker axle 34K is provided with parallel bar 34L, thus achieves described sucker fork 32 and drive described sucker 31 to lift described packaging bag 60 by the swing of described bag taking fork 34.
From the above: the swing of described sucker fork 32 drives the vertical movement path of described sucker 31 can realize the picking action of described packaging bag 60, the swing of described bag taking fork 34 also drives described bag taking press nips 41 to realize the conveying action of described packaging bag 60.Above-mentioned two actions provide power by described first cylinder 33A, when the piston of described first cylinder 33A stretches, be connected, lift described packaging bag 60 by described sucker 31 by described escapement 34F with described connecting rod 34D with described sucker fork 32; When the piston retracts of described first cylinder 33A, by described bag taking press nips 41, described packaging bag 60 is transported to the position for the treatment of slash pocket.Because the action of the action and the described packaging bag 60 of transport that lift described packaging bag 60 is driven by described first cylinder 33A, the work that two different motions are mutually coordinated under the drive of described first cylinder 33A also realizes interlock simultaneously, is ensureing the slash pocket efficiency that improve described automatic packaging method under the accurate path of motion prerequisite of described packaging bag 60.
In described step S5 of the present invention, as shown in figure 14, described bagging apparatus 40 of penetrating is located on described mount pad 47, comprise bag taking press nips 41 and penetrate bag press nips 42 and polywedge bet, described polywedge bet comprises initiatively polywedge bet 43A and driven polywedge bet 43B, and described bag taking press nips 41 and penetrate the homonymy that bag press nips 42 is arranged on described active polywedge bet 43B.Described mount pad 47 is provided with described cylinder block 33, first rolling bearing units 48A and the second rolling bearing units 48B, fixing described bag taking fork 34 on described first rolling bearing units 48A, described second rolling bearing units 48B fixedly penetrates a bag fork 48C, described in penetrate bag fork 48C and be connected with described bag press nips 42 of penetrating.Described bag taking press nips 41 is hinged with described bag taking fork 34, the swing of described bag taking fork 34 drives the reciprocal lift of described device for lifting bags 30, described bag taking press nips 41 with described device for lifting bags 30 reciprocal lift pivotally with described driven polywedge bet 43B folding.
As shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16, described first cylinder 33A is connected with described bag taking fork 34, described bag taking fork 34 is connected with described guide 35 and described bag taking press nips 41, described first cylinder 33A drives described bag taking fork 32 described second bent plate 35B and described bag taking press nips 41 to be lifted, now described first bent plate 35A and described second bent plate 35B is opening, described sucker fork 32 drives described sucker 31 vertically to move downward, described device for lifting bags 30 is adsorbed the valve port position of the superiors' packaging bag of described packaging bag 60 and described packaging bag 60 is lifted in described guide 35 by described sucker 31, now, described guide 35 and described bag taking press nips 41 return, described first bent plate 35A and described second bent plate 35B is that closure state forms cavity, and cross section assumes diamond in shape, described packaging bag 60 runs all the time in described cavity passage, the piston of described first cylinder 33A stretches and makes described bag taking press nips 41 evenly be pressed on the outside of described driven polywedge bet 43B, make the outside of described driven polywedge bet 43B just to the passage that described packaging bag 60 runs, thus drive described packaging bag 60 between described bag taking press nips 41 and described driven polywedge bet 43B, transported the pickup of described packaging bag 60.
As shown in figure 17, described polywedge bet is driven by motor 44, described active polywedge bet 43A is arranged on described driving pulley 45A and drive pulley 45B, described driving pulley 45A drives described active polywedge bet 43A to move, and makes described active polywedge bet 43A drive the described driven polywedge bet 43B on described drive pulley 45B to operate.The belt housing 431 protecting described active polywedge bet 43A is installed outside described active polywedge bet 43A; described driven polywedge bet 43B is seated on band wheel seat 46; described band wheel seat 46 is arranged on described mount pad 47 by bolt; described band wheel seat 46 one end is provided with belt tensioning mechanism 46A, thus stability when can ensure belt transport.
Described band wheel seat 46 is also provided with the second cylinder 42B, described bag press nips 42 of penetrating is controlled by described second cylinder 42B, under usual state, described second cylinder 42B is in extended position, describedly penetrate the outside that the described pinch roller penetrating bag press nips 42 is evenly squeezed in described driven polywedge bet 43B by bag fork 48C, make the outside of described driven polywedge bet 43B just to the passage that described packaging bag 60 runs, thus drive described packaging bag 60 to transport described penetrating between bag press nips 42 and described driven polywedge bet 43B.When described second cylinder 42B retracts, described in penetrate a bag fork 48C and lifted, show that described packaging bag 60 is not put well or occurred fault.In order to monitor the states such as whether described packaging bag 60 has been lifted, described in penetrate in bag press nips 42 photoelectric switch 42A be installed.
Described motor 44 drives described driven polywedge bet 43B high-speed operation, the described packaging bag 60 in described bag taking press nips 41 is made to be pressed on described driven polywedge bet 43B by described first cylinder 33A, described in being made by described second cylinder 42B, the described packaging bag 60 of penetrating in bag press nips 42 is pressed on described driven polywedge bet 43B, described packaging bag 60 is caused to run in described driven polywedge bet 43B and described bag taking press nips 41 and described penetrating between bag press nips 42, described packaging bag 60 is ejected into described discharging gate 50 completes by the friction force that each pinch roller and zone face extrude and penetrates a bag action by the described driven polywedge bet 43B of High Rotation Speed.
As shown in Figure 18 c, described discharging gate 50 is arranged on wrapping machine, the rotation of described wrapping machine to drive on wrapping machine circumferentially described in several discharging gate 50 and constantly rotates, described discharging gate 50 is in centrum, thus penetrating the valve port position all the time material being ejected into described packaging bag 60 in bag process, ensure that the accuracy rate of described packaging bag autopatching on described wrapping machine, and described packaging bag 60 is in vertical state, is convenient to material and is circulated in the packaging bag 60 of described sky from wrapping machine.When the discharging gate 50 of described wrapping machine to turn to described guide 35 just pair, described discharging gate 50 is ejected into described packaging bag 60 completes once penetrates a bag action, along with the rotation of wrapping machine, next discharging gate 50 continues to penetrate a bag action when to turn to described guide 35 just pair, thus effectively improves the efficiency of automatic packaging method.
Illustrate described packaging bag 60 below how to have transported when different positions and penetrate a bag action, as Figure 18 a, described packaging bag 60 is squeezed in after being lifted by described device for lifting bags 30 between described bag taking press nips 41 and described driven polywedge bet 43B, along with the rotation of described driven polywedge bet 43B, penetrate between bag press nips 42 and described driven polywedge bet 43B described in described packaging bag 60 is delivered to, to penetrate described in described packaging bag 60 continues to be compressed between bag press nips 42 and described driven polywedge bet 43B thus to make described packaging bag 60 be delivered to the position of Figure 18 b, now, described packaging bag 60 is in empty bag holding fix, when the discharging gate 50 of described wrapping machine to turn to described guide 35 just pair, described discharging gate 50 is ejected into described packaging bag 60 completes penetrates a bag action, as shown in Figure 18 c.
Due to bag taking press nips 41 of the present invention with describedly penetrate bag press nips 42 collaborative work, penetrate while bag press nips 42 completes and penetrate bag described, described bag taking press nips 41 completes bag taking, has therefore increased substantially production efficiency, and has improve output.
In the present invention, described packaging bag 60 is provided with valve port, when described packaging bag 60 is delivered on the table top of described arrangement platform 21B by described bag delivering device 10, the packed surface level of described packaging bag 60 is put and is adsorbed described valve port for described device for lifting bags 30, after the lift of described device for lifting bags 30, the packed surface of described packaging bag 60 is vertical shape, described valve port position is softened to form sack, penetrate bagging apparatus 30 described in passing through and just by described packaging bag 60 autopatching on the discharging gate 50 of wrapping machine, inculcating of material can be completed.Packaging bag of the present invention can pack cement, also can pack the materials such as other dust-like.
To sum up, automatic packaging method of the present invention has the following advantages:
1. at automatic packaging method of the present invention, penetrate bagging apparatus by the described bag delivering device on described automatic slash pocket machine, described collating unit, described device for lifting bags and described bag taking successively to be just automatically inserted in often organizing packaging bag successively on the discharging gate of wrapping machine, complete the packaging of material, wherein, described collating unit comprises the registration device for locating described packaging bag side and described packaging bag is pressed plain pressure bagging apparatus; In the described step S2 of described automatic packaging method, described pressure bagging apparatus presses the packaging bag of the superiors on described workplatform, thus described packaging bag can be made to remain smooth, is beneficial to the lift of described device for lifting bags; In described step S3, described device for lifting bags adsorbs the packaging bag of the described the superiors, and now, described pressure bagging apparatus unclamps the packaging bag of the described the superiors, thus makes described packaging bag be easy to crawled; In described step S4, after described device for lifting bags lifts the packaging bag of the described the superiors, the packaging bag of described pressure bagging apparatus pressing lower floor, can guarantee that the packaging bag position of lower floor is neat, make the position of lower floor's packaging bag also be positioned at assigned work position all the time, thus improve the slash pocket success ratio of described packaging bag; Described device for lifting bags is adsorbed on position in packaging bag and described pressure bagging apparatus staggers mutually by the position be pressed in described packaging bag, the interference problem occurred each other when avoiding described pressure bagging apparatus and the work of described device for lifting bags.
2. in an embodiment of automatic packaging method of the present invention, in described step S1, described group of bag platform and described arrangement platform are provided with several slits, be provided with in described slit and dial bag hides band, described group of bag device is fixed on described group bag hides band, the described group of bag hides band provides power for the motion of described group of bag device, when described group of bag hides band rotates forward, described bag device of dialling is driven to move from the flower wheel position of described group of bag hides band, when described group of bag hides band rotates backward, described bag device of dialling is driven to be back to flower wheel position, described group bag device back and forth movement between the flower wheel and driving wheel of described group of bag hides band is driven by forward and reverse rotation of described group of bag hides band.Because described group of bag device moves with the motion of described group of bag hides band, from described bag delivering device described packaging bag by described in several dial bag hides bands motion Absorbable organic halogens be transported to described arrangement platform from described group of bag platform, not only increase the speed of transporting described packaging bag, and ensure that the neat of packaging bag described in transportation, improve the accuracy rate of described packaging bag autopatching on described wrapping machine.
3. in an embodiment of automatic packaging method of the present invention, in described step S2, the position of specifying is positioned at by described group of bag device and described gear bag device and described fixed dam and described four sides pushing away the described packaging bag that level is seated on described arrangement platform by bag baffle plate, thus be convenient to follow-up lift, penetrate the work such as bag, ensure that the accuracy rate of described packaging bag autopatching on described wrapping machine.
4. in an embodiment of automatic packaging method of the present invention, in described step S4, after described device for lifting bags adsorbs the packaging bag of the described the superiors, bag seat of leading above described workplatform is exerted pressure to the packaging bag of lower floor thus the packaging bag of lower floor is separated with the packaging bag of the described the superiors after lift, thus avoid the packaging bag of lower floor to be lifted, make by the packaging bag after lifting is that vertical shape enters in described guide simultaneously.
5. in an embodiment of automatic packaging method of the present invention, the action of the action and the described packaging bag of transport that lift described packaging bag is by an air cylinder driven, make the work that different motions is mutually coordinated under the drive of a cylinder, and realize interlock simultaneously, ensureing the speed that improve described bag taking action under accurate path of motion prerequisite.
6. in an embodiment of automatic packaging method of the present invention, in described step S5, described bag taking press nips and describedly penetrate a bag press nips collaborative work, penetrate while a bag press nips completes and penetrate bag described, described bag taking press nips completes bag taking, therefore increase substantially production efficiency, improve output.
Obviously, above-described embodiment is only for clearly example being described, the restriction not to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here exhaustive without the need to also giving all embodiments.And thus the apparent change of extending out or variation be still among the protection domain of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic packaging method, it utilizes automatic slash pocket machine (70) to be automatically inserted on the discharging gate (50) of wrapping machine by packaging bag (60) valve port, to realize the packaging treating packing materials, described automatic slash pocket machine (70) comprises bag delivering device (10), device for lifting bags (30), penetrate bagging apparatus (40), it is characterized in that, described automatic slash pocket machine (70) also comprises collating unit (20), described collating unit (20) comprises registration device (29) and pressure bagging apparatus (24), described automatic packaging method comprises the steps:
Step S1: described packaging bag (60) is delivered to workplatform (21) by described bag delivering device (10), described registration device (29) positions on the horizontal level to the described packaging bag (60) on described workplatform (21);
Step S2: described pressure bagging apparatus (24) presses the packaging bag (60) of the upper the superiors of described workplatform (21);
Step S3: described device for lifting bags (30) adsorbs the packaging bag (60) of the described the superiors, now, described pressure bagging apparatus (24) unclamps the packaging bag (60) of the described the superiors;
Step S4: after described device for lifting bags (30) lifts the packaging bag (60) of the described the superiors, the packaging bag (60) of described pressure bagging apparatus (24) pressing lower floor, and described device for lifting bags (30) is adsorbed on position in packaging bag (60) and described pressure bagging apparatus (24) staggers mutually by the position be pressed in described packaging bag (60);
Step S5: described in penetrate bagging apparatus (40) receive from described device for lifting bags (30) packaging bag (60) and described packaging bag (60) valve port is inserted on described discharging gate (50) automatically.
2. automatic packaging method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step S1, described bag delivering device (10) by be arranged on holder bag frame (14) support body (11) is equipped with synchrodrive chain (13) by described packaging bag (60) continus convergence to described workplatform (21), described workplatform (21) comprises dials bag platform (21A) and arrangement platform (21B).
3. automatic packaging method according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: in described step S1, described registration device (29) comprises the first detent mechanism (29A) and the second detent mechanism (29B), with valve port adjacent two sides of described first detent mechanism (29A) to described packaging bag (60) position, and described second detent mechanism (29B) positions the side at the valve port place of described packaging bag (60) and the side relative with valve port.
4. automatic packaging method according to claim 2, is characterized in that: in described step S2, and described pressure bagging apparatus (24) is installed on described arrangement platform (21B), and it presses described packaging bag (60).
5. automatic packaging method according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described group of bag platform (21A) is provided with dials bag device (22A), described packaging bag (60) is delivered to described arrangement platform (21B) from described group of bag platform (21A) by described group of bag device (22A), and between described group of bag platform (21A) and described arrangement platform (21B) crank motion.
6. automatic packaging method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step S3, described device for lifting bags (30) adsorbs the valve port of described packaging bag (60) and the end face relative with valve port respectively by two groups of suckers (31) simultaneously; In step S4 and step S5, when described device for lifting bags (30) for by the packaging bag (60) of the described the superiors lift deliver to described in penetrate bagging apparatus (40) time, one group of sucker (31) of adsorbing the end face relative with valve port of described packaging bag (60) decontrols described packaging bag (60).
7. automatic packaging method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step S4, after described device for lifting bags (30) adsorbs the packaging bag (60) of the described the superiors, the bag seat (49) of leading of described workplatform (21) top is exerted pressure to the packaging bag (60) of lower floor thus the packaging bag of lower floor (60) is separated with the packaging bag (60) of the described the superiors after lift.
8. automatic packaging method according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described in lead that bag seat (49) comprises one end bending lead a bag bar (49A) and the fixed part (49B) for leading a bag bar (49A) described in fixing.
9. automatic packaging method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step S4, described pressure bagging apparatus (24) comprises pressure bag device (24A) and is connected with described pressure bag device (24A) and drives the pressure bag cylinder (24B) of described pressure bag device (24A), and described pressure bag cylinder (24B) drives described pressure bag device (24A) press or unclamp described packaging bag (60).
10. automatic packaging method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step S5, described bagging apparatus (40) of penetrating comprises bag taking press nips (41) and penetrates a bag press nips (42) and polywedge bet, and described polywedge bet comprises initiatively polywedge bet (43A) and driven polywedge bet (43B); To pick up described packaging bag (60) on the driven polywedge bet (43B) penetrating bagging apparatus (40) described in described bag taking press nips (41) is squeezed in, described in penetrate a bag press nips (42) and be squeezed on described driven polywedge bet (43B) so that the valve port of described packaging bag (60) is inserted on the discharging gate (50) of described wrapping machine automatically.
CN201410640919.7A 2014-11-13 2014-11-13 Automatic packaging method Pending CN104494848A (en)

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