CN104494816B - Be exclusively used in the unmanned plane spraying field stalk herbicide - Google Patents

Be exclusively used in the unmanned plane spraying field stalk herbicide Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104494816B
CN104494816B CN201410737611.4A CN201410737611A CN104494816B CN 104494816 B CN104494816 B CN 104494816B CN 201410737611 A CN201410737611 A CN 201410737611A CN 104494816 B CN104494816 B CN 104494816B
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China
Prior art keywords
medicine
chest
frame
stalk
rotor
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CN201410737611.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104494816A (en
Inventor
仵浩
周蒙钒
宋超群
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宁波达鹏无人机科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201410737611.4A priority Critical patent/CN104494816B/en
Publication of CN104494816A publication Critical patent/CN104494816A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of farmland that can apply to the dispersion of southern small pieces, field stalk is carried out to the unmanned plane being exclusively used in sprinkling field stalk herbicide of herbicide spray, it comprises frame, rotor and rotor motor; Rotor for having four at least, and is installed on the surrounding of frame by transverse link, is connected with a rotor motor below each rotor; Frame is also provided with lithium cell and message handler; It is characterized in that: below frame, medicine-chest is installed, the top of medicine-chest is by multiple claw and frame clamping, the below of medicine-chest is provided with flexible mozzle, the lower end of flexible mozzle is provided with electronic nozzle, the below of medicine-chest is also provided with shrinking connecting-rod, the below of shrinking connecting-rod is connected with a crossbeam, the below of crossbeam is each side rotatably connected to a position-limited claw, the below of position-limited claw is connected with front and back track adjusting wheel, the below of front and back track adjusting wheel is provided with upper and lower orienting lug, and position-limited claw is connected with crossbeam by extension spring simultaneously.

Description

Be exclusively used in the unmanned plane spraying field stalk herbicide
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of unmanned plane, specifically refer to a kind of unmanned plane being exclusively used in sprinkling field stalk herbicide applying to civil area.
Background technology
Unmanned plane is a kind of unmanned vehicle handled by radio robot or self process controller.It comes across the twenties in 20th century the earliest, is at that time to use as the target drone of training.That many country is for describing the term of latest generation robot airplane.From literal, this term can describe from kite, drone, to the cruise missile that V-1 fly bomb comes from development, but in the term of the military, is only limitted to reusable heavier-than-air aircraft.Unmanned plane is of many uses, and cost is low, and efficiency-cost ratio is good; Risk that no one was injured; Viability is strong, and maneuvering performance is good, easy to use, has extremely important effect, more hold out broad prospects at civil area in modern war.Can be divided into from technical standpoint definition: this several large class of depopulated helicopter, unmanned fixed-wing aircraft, unmanned multi-rotor aerocraft, unmanned airship, unmanned parasol.
There to be the rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicle of the most extensively prospect at civil area.Rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicle of the prior art is mainly used in realtime graphic monitoring at civil area, sample collection and small article transport etc.Its common structure as shown in Figure 1, it comprises frame 01, rotor 02, rotor motor 03 and the several major part of leg 04, frame 01 is provided with battery and control device of wireless, and then carries camera or manipulator by user respectively according to user demand.During for pesticide spraying, what mostly adopt is the unmanned fixed-wing aircraft of large volume, and the contriver of present patent application is found by practice, there is farmland scattered on a large scale in south, is mingled with resident family, small hill etc. in the middle of these farmlands.The landforms of this wide expanse of flat land unlike the north, can not adopt unmanned fixed-wing aircraft to spray, so a lot of peasant in south carries out artificial spray; Be exactly that southern farmland area is mostly very little in addition, every block farmland is all surrounded by field stalk, field stalk can cover with various weeds, peasant needs regularly to be removed by weeds, in order to avoid weeds spread in farmland, affect the growth of crops, at present for the weeds on the stalk of field, mainly adopt the herbicide sprayed as reached in agriculture, these medicines but can be fatal to crops, so need SC when spraying, prevent from being sprayed onto on crops, and in prior art, just there is no a kind of unmanned plane that can be adapted to this special sprinkling occasion at all; In sum, be badly in need of at present wanting a kind of farmland that can apply to the dispersion of southern small pieces, field stalk carried out to the unmanned plane of herbicide spray.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, provides a kind of farmland that can apply to the dispersion of southern small pieces, field stalk is carried out to the unmanned plane being exclusively used in sprinkling field stalk herbicide of herbicide spray.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme provided by the invention is: a kind of unmanned plane being exclusively used in sprinkling field stalk herbicide, and it comprises frame, rotor and rotor motor, described rotor for having four at least, and is installed on the surrounding of frame by transverse link, is connected with a rotor motor below each rotor, frame is also provided with the lithium cell for powering to consuming parts and the message handler for controlling unmanned plane and telecommunication, below described frame, medicine-chest is installed, the top of described medicine-chest is by multiple claw and frame clamping, the below of medicine-chest is provided with flexible mozzle, the lower end of flexible mozzle is provided with electronic nozzle, the below of described medicine-chest is also provided with shrinking connecting-rod, the below of shrinking connecting-rod is connected with a crossbeam, the below of crossbeam is each side rotatably connected to a position-limited claw, the below of position-limited claw is connected with front and back track adjusting wheel, the below of front and back track adjusting wheel is provided with upper and lower orienting lug, described position-limited claw is connected with crossbeam by extension spring simultaneously, described front and back track adjusting wheel is for clamping the both sides of field stalk and moving forward and backward along field stalk trend, described orienting lug is up and down used for making position-limited claw block field stalk smoothly when unmanned plane falls, described electronic nozzle is fixed on crossbeam, described electronic nozzle is electrically connected with message handler.
After adopting said structure, the present invention has following beneficial effect: be provided with medicine-chest below described frame, the top of described medicine-chest is by multiple claw and frame clamping, the below of medicine-chest is provided with flexible mozzle, the lower end of flexible mozzle is provided with electronic nozzle, the below of described medicine-chest is also provided with shrinking connecting-rod, the below of shrinking connecting-rod is connected with a crossbeam, the below of crossbeam is each side rotatably connected to a position-limited claw, the below of position-limited claw is connected with front and back track adjusting wheel, the below of front and back track adjusting wheel is provided with upper and lower orienting lug, described position-limited claw is connected with crossbeam by extension spring simultaneously, described front and back track adjusting wheel is for clamping the both sides of field stalk and moving forward and backward along field stalk trend, described orienting lug is up and down used for making position-limited claw block field stalk smoothly when unmanned plane falls, described electronic nozzle is fixed on crossbeam, described electronic nozzle is electrically connected with message handler.Unmanned plane carries medicine-chest can carry deployed herbicide, by shrinking connecting-rod and telescopic pipe, unmanned plane can be reduced to nozzle the position being attached at field stalk, avoid rotor to the impact of spraying, and upper and lower two assembly guidances of position-limited claw and front and back can make nozzle be in field all the time obstructs, prevent nozzle to depart to the farmland of stalk both sides, field.
As preferably, the spheroid shape structure of described medicine-chest to be upper and lower two ends be horizontal surface.This structure can reduce the air resistance of medicine-chest, reduces the energy ezpenditure of unmanned plane.More energy-conservation, also more attractive in appearance.
As preferably, described medicine-chest is transparent plastic material structure.This structure can use user to see liquid medicine situation in medicine-chest very intuitively.
As improvement, described claw is four, is uniformly distributed in the upper end of medicine-chest and is connected with frame clamping.The clamping of many claws, connects more stable and firm.
As improvement, in described medicine-chest, also electric mixer is installed.The design of electric mixer can prevent herbicide from precipitating, and guarantees that the medicament in medicine-chest is in best admixture all the time, to reach best drug effect.
In sum, the invention provides a kind of farmland that can apply to the dispersion of southern small pieces, field stalk is carried out to the unmanned plane being exclusively used in sprinkling field stalk herbicide of herbicide spray.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicle of the prior art.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that being exclusively used in the present invention sprays the unmanned plane of field stalk herbicide.
As shown in the figure: in prior art 01, frame, 02, rotor, 03, rotor motor, 04, leg.
In the present invention: 1, frame, 2, rotor, 3, rotor motor, 4, medicine-chest, 5, flexible mozzle, 6, claw, 7, electronic nozzle, 8, shrinking connecting-rod, 9, crossbeam, 10, extension spring, 11, position-limited claw, 12, front and back track adjusting wheel, 13, up and down orienting lug.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
By reference to the accompanying drawings 2, be a kind ofly exclusively used in the unmanned plane spraying field stalk herbicide, it comprises frame 1, rotor 2 and rotor motor 3, described rotor 2 for having four at least, and is installed on the surrounding of frame 1 by transverse link, is connected with a rotor motor 3 below each rotor 2, frame 1 is also provided with the lithium cell for powering to consuming parts and the message handler for controlling unmanned plane and telecommunication, below described frame 1, medicine-chest 4 is installed, the top of described medicine-chest 4 is by multiple claw 6 and frame 1 clamping, the below of medicine-chest 4 is provided with flexible mozzle 5, the lower end of flexible mozzle 5 is provided with electronic nozzle 7, the below of described medicine-chest 4 is also provided with shrinking connecting-rod 8, the below of shrinking connecting-rod 8 is connected with a crossbeam 9, the below of crossbeam 9 is each side rotatably connected to a position-limited claw 11, the below of position-limited claw 11 is connected with front and back track adjusting wheel 12, the below of front and back track adjusting wheel 12 is provided with upper and lower orienting lug 13, described position-limited claw 11 is connected with crossbeam 9 by extension spring 10 simultaneously, described front and back track adjusting wheel 12 is for clamping the both sides of field stalk and moving forward and backward along field stalk trend, described orienting lug up and down 13 blocks field stalk smoothly for making position-limited claw 11 when unmanned plane falls, described electronic nozzle 7 is fixed on crossbeam 9, described electronic nozzle 7 is electrically connected with message handler.
After adopting said structure, the present invention has following beneficial effect: be provided with medicine-chest 4 below described frame 1, the top of described medicine-chest 4 is by multiple claw 6 and frame 1 clamping, the below of medicine-chest 4 is provided with flexible mozzle 5, the lower end of flexible mozzle 5 is provided with electronic nozzle 7, the below of described medicine-chest 4 is also provided with shrinking connecting-rod 8, the below of shrinking connecting-rod 8 is connected with a crossbeam 9, the below of crossbeam 9 is each side rotatably connected to a position-limited claw 11, the below of position-limited claw 11 is connected with front and back track adjusting wheel 12, the below of front and back track adjusting wheel 12 is provided with upper and lower orienting lug 13, described position-limited claw 11 is connected with crossbeam 9 by extension spring 10 simultaneously, described front and back track adjusting wheel 12 is for clamping the both sides of field stalk and moving forward and backward along field stalk trend, described orienting lug up and down 13 blocks field stalk smoothly for making position-limited claw 11 when unmanned plane falls, described electronic nozzle 7 is fixed on crossbeam 9, described electronic nozzle 7 is electrically connected with message handler.Unmanned plane carries medicine-chest can carry deployed herbicide, by shrinking connecting-rod and telescopic pipe, unmanned plane can be reduced to nozzle the position being attached at field stalk, avoid rotor to the impact of spraying, and upper and lower two assembly guidances of position-limited claw and front and back can make nozzle be in field all the time obstructs, prevent nozzle to depart to the farmland of stalk both sides, field.
As preferably, the spheroid shape structure of described medicine-chest 4 to be upper and lower two ends be horizontal surface.This structure can reduce the air resistance of medicine-chest, reduces the energy ezpenditure of unmanned plane.More energy-conservation, also more attractive in appearance.
As preferably, described medicine-chest 4 is transparent plastic material structure.This structure can use user to see liquid medicine situation in medicine-chest very intuitively.
As improvement, described claw 6 is four, is uniformly distributed in the upper end of medicine-chest 4 and is connected with frame 1 clamping.The clamping of many claws, connects more stable and firm.
As improvement, in described medicine-chest, also electric mixer is installed.The design of electric mixer can prevent herbicide from precipitating, and guarantees that the medicament in medicine-chest is in best admixture all the time, to reach best drug effect.
In sum, the invention provides the unmanned plane being exclusively used in sprinkling field stalk herbicide that pesticide spraying is carried out in a kind of farmland that can apply to the dispersion of southern small pieces.
Unmanned plane of the present invention is when specifically using, by artificial Remote, so be by artificial visual identification for the identification of the position of field stalk, if accomplish automatic identification, then need to install satellite positioning device and automatic pilot equipment additional, also need in advance the position that field obstructs to be made into electronic chart simultaneously.
Be described the present invention and embodiment thereof above, this description does not have restricted, and shown in accompanying drawing is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited thereto.If generally speaking those of ordinary skill in the art enlightens by it, when not departing from the invention aim, designing the frame mode similar to this technical scheme and embodiment without creationary, all should protection scope of the present invention be belonged to.

Claims (1)

1. be exclusively used in the unmanned plane spraying field stalk herbicide, it comprises frame (1), rotor (2) and rotor motor (3), described rotor (2) for having four at least, and is installed on the surrounding of frame (1) by transverse link, and each rotor (2) below is connected with a rotor motor (3), frame (1) is also provided with the lithium cell for powering to consuming parts and the message handler for controlling unmanned plane and telecommunication, it is characterized in that: described frame (1) below is provided with medicine-chest (4), the top of described medicine-chest (4) is by multiple claw (6) and frame (1) clamping, the below of medicine-chest (4) is provided with flexible mozzle (5), the lower end of flexible mozzle (5) is provided with electronic nozzle (7), the below of described medicine-chest (4) is also provided with shrinking connecting-rod (8), the below of shrinking connecting-rod (8) is connected with a crossbeam (9), the below of crossbeam (9) is each side rotatably connected to a position-limited claw (11), the below of position-limited claw (11) is connected with front and back track adjusting wheel (12), the below of front and back track adjusting wheel (12) is provided with upper and lower orienting lug (13), described position-limited claw (11) is connected with crossbeam (9) by extension spring (10) simultaneously, described front and back track adjusting wheel (12) is for clamping the both sides of field stalk and moving forward and backward along field stalk trend, described orienting lug up and down (13) is for making position-limited claw (11) card upper field stalk smoothly when unmanned plane falls, described electronic nozzle (7) is fixed on crossbeam (9), described electronic nozzle (7) is electrically connected with message handler, described medicine-chest (4) for upper and lower two ends be the spheroid shape structure of horizontal surface, described medicine-chest (4) is transparent plastic material structure, described claw (6) is four, is uniformly distributed in the upper end of medicine-chest (4) and is connected with frame (1) clamping, also electric mixer is installed in described medicine-chest (4).
CN201410737611.4A 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Be exclusively used in the unmanned plane spraying field stalk herbicide CN104494816B (en)

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CN104354866B (en) * 2014-11-04 2016-04-13 宁波达鹏无人机科技有限公司 The many rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicles of agricultural spraying
CN104875891B (en) * 2015-04-01 2018-01-12 温州市腾方园林建设有限公司 A kind of liquid capsule frame of unmanned plane medication delivery systems
CN104925256A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-23 常州展华机器人有限公司 Spray-amount-controllable agricultural unmanned aerial vehicle
CN105129093A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-12-09 张萍 Multi-rotor-wing unmanned plane
CN106477056B (en) * 2015-08-31 2019-08-06 李烨 Unmanned vehicle with hoistable platform
CN105059551B (en) * 2015-09-01 2017-01-18 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Telescopic spray rod for agricultural remote control flying plant protection machine and adjusting method
CN105109687B (en) * 2015-09-01 2017-12-15 安静 A kind of novel agricultural spray unmanned plane
CN105438475A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-30 无锡觅睿恪科技有限公司 Agricultural unmanned aerial vehicle capable of pressurizing and spraying pesticides
CN106275433A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-04 四川马可视觉网络科技有限公司 Multi-functional unmanned plane
CN108077214A (en) * 2017-07-07 2018-05-29 惠安县喜农农用机械研发中心 A kind of UAV system pesticide spraying device
CN108082489A (en) * 2017-07-07 2018-05-29 惠安县喜农农用机械研发中心 A kind of unmanned plane pesticide spraying device
CN108077215A (en) * 2017-07-07 2018-05-29 惠安县喜农农用机械研发中心 A kind of unmanned plane formula pesticide spraying device
CN107719676B (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-12-14 山东龙翼航空科技有限公司 It is a kind of to spray the intelligent agricultural plant protection unmanned plane precisely and having a smooth flight
CN108174726A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-06-19 巴州极飞农业航空科技有限公司 Herbicidal methods

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CN204415720U (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-06-24 广西万维信息技术有限公司 Be exclusively used in the unmanned plane spraying ridge herbicide

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1479605A2 (en) * 2003-05-23 2004-11-24 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Helicopter
CN202657244U (en) * 2012-07-05 2013-01-09 李小岛 Agricultural aircraft
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CN203946272U (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-11-19 中国矿业大学徐海学院 A kind of agriculture aircraft with multiaxis screw propeller
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