CN104489890B - A kind of method of seven stage step-by-step movement baking tobacco leaves - Google Patents

A kind of method of seven stage step-by-step movement baking tobacco leaves Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104489890B
CN104489890B CN201410668314.9A CN201410668314A CN104489890B CN 104489890 B CN104489890 B CN 104489890B CN 201410668314 A CN201410668314 A CN 201410668314A CN 104489890 B CN104489890 B CN 104489890B
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China
Prior art keywords
tobacco leaf
bulb temperature
stage
dry
tobacco
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CN201410668314.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104489890A (en
Inventor
赵高坤
徐鸿飞
王亚辉
黄维
崔国民
苏家恩
李跃平
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云南省烟草农业科学研究院
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Publication of CN104489890A publication Critical patent/CN104489890A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/10Roasting or cooling tobacco

Abstract

A kind of method of seven stage step-by-step movement baking tobacco leaves.The present invention relates to a kind of tobacco leaf Processing farage method, be specifically related to a kind of method of baking tobacco leaves stage by stage of improvement.Baking is divided into seven different stages by this method, baking method and the parameter designing in each stage are reasonable, in the temperature rise period, the raising phase temperature of energy system, on wet bulb controls, reasonably can carry out hydrofuge task, and in the tobacco flue-curing later stage, set for the 6th stage, larger space is provided to the synthesis of increase Changing Regulation of Aroma Materials.The present invention is simple and easy to grasp, processing ease, and each phase targets arranges rationally, and cured tobacco leaf presentation quality is better, can promote baking quality of tobacco, improve than the tobacco flue-curing method qualification rate of routine.

Description

A kind of method of seven stage step-by-step movement baking tobacco leaves
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tobacco leaf Processing farage method, be specifically related to a kind of method of baking tobacco leaves stage by stage of improvement.
Background technology
At present, method for flue-curing tobacco leaves kind is more, and baking method differs, and most of technique strides less at the steady thermophase of liter, and evening can not monitor closely in addition, and warm phenomenon easily appears falling in baking, larger to tobacco flue-curing loss.At the steady thermophase of liter, existing common process easily occurs that parameter is fluctuated, does not have systematicness in addition, even if Temperature and Humidity Control is accurate, also can impact tobacco leaf flavescence and fixation.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome more existing baking problems, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of seven stage step-by-step movement method for flue-curing tobacco leaves, in the temperature rise period, the raising phase temperature of energy system, on wet bulb controls, reasonably can carry out hydrofuge task, and in the tobacco flue-curing later stage, set for the 6th stage, larger space is provided to the synthesis of increase Changing Regulation of Aroma Materials.
Realizing the technical scheme that the object of the invention takes is: after the first stage is on fire, with 6 ~ 8 hours, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 ~ 35 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 33 ~ 34 DEG C, bakes and starts to turn yellow to heat zone tobacco leaf blade tip; Second stage programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 35 ~ 36 DEG C, bakes to heat zone 60 ~ 80% tobacco leaf and turns yellow; Phase III programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 42 ~ 44 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 36 DEG C, and bake and turn yellow to full stove tobacco leaf, heat zone tobacco leaf starts wilting, and cryosphere tobacco leaf turns yellow completely; Fourth stage programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 46 ~ 48 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 DEG C, and bake and bleach to heat zone tobacco leaf master pulse, cryosphere tobacco leaf moderate is wilting; Five-stage programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 54 ~ 55 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 ~ 38 DEG C, bake and complete fixation to full stove tobacco leaf, heat zone tobacco leaf starts to hook point, and blade face in the form of a roll, cryosphere tobacco leaf starts to hook point, and limb leaf margin is to master pulse position reel; 6th stage programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and dry-bulb temperature rises to 58 ~ 59 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, makes heat zone full wafer drying tobacco 75%, cryosphere full wafer drying tobacco 50%; 7th stage programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and dry-bulb temperature rises to 65 ~ 68 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 40 DEG C, and full stove tobacco leaf master pulse is dry.
Must overhaul barn before baking, make barn reach sealing.
Same kind should be guaranteed with stove barn, same maturity should be guaranteed with pole tobacco leaf.
The present invention is simple and easy to grasp, processing ease, and each phase targets arranges rationally, and cured tobacco leaf presentation quality is better, can promote baking quality of tobacco, and compared with the tobacco flue-curing method of routine, baking quality improves 5 ~ 8%.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1: baking process method is carried out to the tobacco leaf of k326 kind.
(1) programming rate is be raised to design temperature in 6 ~ 8 hours, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 34 DEG C/33 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 1 DEG C, bakes and starts to turn yellow to heat zone tobacco leaf blade tip;
(2) programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 38 DEG C/35 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 3 DEG C, bakes to heat zone 60 ~ 80% tobacco leaf and turns yellow;
(3) programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 42 DEG C/36 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 6 DEG C, and bake and turn yellow to full stove tobacco leaf, heat zone tobacco leaf starts wilting, and cryosphere tobacco leaf turns yellow completely;
(4) programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 46 DEG C/37 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 9 DEG C, and bake and bleach to heat zone tobacco leaf master pulse, cryosphere tobacco leaf moderate is wilting;
(5) programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 54 DEG C/37 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 17 DEG C, and bake and complete fixation to full stove tobacco leaf, heat zone tobacco leaf starts to hook point, and in the form of a roll, cryosphere tobacco leaf starts to hook point on blade face;
(6) programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 58 DEG C/38 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 20 DEG C, makes heat zone full wafer drying tobacco about 75%;
(7) programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 65 DEG C/40 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 25 ~ 28 DEG C, and full stove tobacco leaf master pulse is dry.
This baking process, be applicable to fresh tobacco leaf moisture content less, maturity is moderate, and position is bottom and middle part tobacco leaf.Toast according to this technique, cured tobacco leaf blue veins is less, and without roasting rotten tobacco leaf, color crocus is more, and total quality is better.
Embodiment 2: baking process method is carried out to the tobacco leaf of cloud and mist 97 kind.
(1) programming rate is be raised to formulation temperature in 6 ~ 8 hours, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 35 DEG C/33 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 2 DEG C, bakes and starts to turn yellow to heat zone tobacco leaf blade tip;
(2) programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 39 DEG C/35 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 4 DEG C, bakes to heat zone 60 ~ 80% tobacco leaf and turns yellow;
(3) programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 44 DEG C/36 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 8 DEG C, and bake and turn yellow to full stove tobacco leaf, heat zone tobacco leaf starts wilting, and cryosphere tobacco leaf turns yellow completely;
(4) programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 48 DEG C/37 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 11 DEG C, and bake and bleach to heat zone tobacco leaf master pulse, cryosphere tobacco leaf moderate is wilting;
(5) programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 56 DEG C/38 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 18 DEG C, and bake and complete fixation to full stove tobacco leaf, in the form of a roll, cryosphere tobacco leaf starts to hook point heat zone tobacco surface;
(6) programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 59 DEG C/39 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 20 DEG C, makes heat zone full wafer drying tobacco about 75%, cryosphere full wafer drying tobacco about 50%;
(7) programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 68 DEG C/40 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 28 DEG C, and full stove tobacco leaf master pulse is dry;
This baking process, be applicable to fresh tobacco leaf water content comparatively large, maturity is moderate, and position is bottom, middle part and upper tobacco leaf, in baking fixation process, turns yellow comparatively slow, the tobacco leaf that fixation is more difficult.Toast according to this technique, cured tobacco leaf total quality is better.
Embodiment 3: baking process method is carried out to the tobacco leaf of Hongda.
(1) programming rate is be raised to design temperature in 6 ~ 8 hours, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 34 DEG C/33 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 1 DEG C, bakes and starts to turn yellow to heat zone tobacco leaf blade tip;
(2) programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 38 DEG C/35 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 3 DEG C, bakes to heat zone 60 ~ 80% tobacco leaf and turns yellow;
(3) programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 42 DEG C/36 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 6 DEG C, and bake and turn yellow to full stove tobacco leaf, heat zone tobacco leaf starts wilting, and cryosphere tobacco leaf turns yellow completely;
(4) programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 46 DEG C/37 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 9 DEG C, and bake and bleach to heat zone tobacco leaf master pulse, cryosphere tobacco leaf moderate is wilting;
(5) programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 54 DEG C/37 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 17 DEG C, and bake and complete fixation to full stove tobacco leaf, heat zone tobacco leaf starts to hook point, and in the form of a roll, cryosphere tobacco leaf starts to hook point, and limb leaf margin is to master pulse position reel on blade face;
(6) programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 58 DEG C/38 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 20 DEG C, makes heat zone full wafer drying tobacco about 75%, cryosphere full wafer drying tobacco about 50%;
(7) programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and wet and dry bulb temperature is 65 DEG C/40 DEG C, and dry wet difference controls in 25 ~ 28 DEG C, and full stove tobacco leaf master pulse is dry.
This baking process, be applicable to fresh tobacco leaf maturity moderate, position is bottom and middle part tobacco leaf.Toast according to this technique, cured tobacco leaf blue veins is less, and without roasting rotten tobacco leaf, total quality is better.

Claims (3)

1. a method for seven stage step-by-step movement baking tobacco leaves, is characterized in that: after the first stage is on fire, and with 6 ~ 8 hours, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 ~ 35 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 33 ~ 34 DEG C, bakes and starts to turn yellow to heat zone tobacco leaf blade tip; Second stage programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 35 ~ 36 DEG C, bakes to heat zone 60 ~ 80% tobacco leaf and turns yellow; Phase III programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 42 ~ 44 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 36 DEG C, and bake and turn yellow to full stove tobacco leaf, heat zone tobacco leaf starts wilting, and cryosphere tobacco leaf turns yellow completely; Fourth stage programming rate is 0.5 DEG C/h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 46 ~ 48 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 DEG C, and bake and bleach to heat zone tobacco leaf master pulse, cryosphere tobacco leaf moderate is wilting; Five-stage programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 54 ~ 55 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 ~ 38 DEG C, bake and complete fixation to full stove tobacco leaf, heat zone tobacco leaf starts to hook point, and blade face in the form of a roll, cryosphere tobacco leaf starts to hook point, and limb leaf margin is to master pulse position reel; 6th stage programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and dry-bulb temperature rises to 58 ~ 59 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, makes heat zone full wafer drying tobacco 75%, cryosphere full wafer drying tobacco 50%; 7th stage programming rate is 1 DEG C/h, and dry-bulb temperature rises to 65 ~ 68 DEG C, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 40 DEG C, and full stove tobacco leaf master pulse is dry.
2., by the method for seven stage step-by-step movement baking tobacco leaves according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: must overhaul barn before baking, make barn reach sealing.
3., by the method for seven stage step-by-step movement baking tobacco leaves according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: same kind should be guaranteed with stove barn, same maturity should be guaranteed with pole tobacco leaf.
CN201410668314.9A 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 A kind of method of seven stage step-by-step movement baking tobacco leaves CN104489890B (en)

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CN105146705B (en) * 2015-09-18 2017-01-18 云南省烟草公司大理州公司 Method for baking tobacco leaves of honghua dajinyuan (Chinese character) variety by use of closed tobacco curing barn
CN106666030B (en) * 2015-11-06 2020-06-16 新疆金沙地农业科技有限公司 Processing technology of crystal apricot
CN107028214B (en) * 2016-10-24 2018-01-19 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 It is adapted to the baking of flue-cured tobacco technique of the kind tobacco flue-curing of cloud and mist 116
CN106387976B (en) * 2016-11-02 2018-06-12 西昌学院 Fragrant baking process is baked in a kind of safflower mammoth gold tobacco leaves barn scalding
CN107048459B (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-01-02 河南省烟草公司平顶山市公司 Reduce No. 7 tobacco leaf dusts of Henan cigarette and black poor dense drying method and its application

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CN103126050A (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-06-05 红云红河烟草(集团)有限责任公司 Baked tobacco method of improving tobacco quality by using rose and mint
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