CN104489379A - Palm fruit shell contained fermented feed for crucian and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Palm fruit shell contained fermented feed for crucian and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104489379A
CN104489379A CN201410793389.XA CN201410793389A CN104489379A CN 104489379 A CN104489379 A CN 104489379A CN 201410793389 A CN201410793389 A CN 201410793389A CN 104489379 A CN104489379 A CN 104489379A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
leaf
powder
feed
crucian
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Pending
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CN201410793389.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王桂龙
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Suzhou City Ten Thousand Closes Fishing Tackle Co Ltd
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Suzhou City Ten Thousand Closes Fishing Tackle Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410793389.XA priority Critical patent/CN104489379A/en
Publication of CN104489379A publication Critical patent/CN104489379A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses palm fruit shell contained fermented feed for crucian. The feed is prepared from the following materials in parts by weight: 50-60 parts of buckwheat flour, 40-50 parts of soybeans, 20-23 parts of coarse rice powder, 5-10 parts of bamboo leaf, 12-18 parts of grape leaf, 20-25 parts of orange peel, 20-25 parts of watermelon peel, 10-14 parts of smoked plums, 30-35 parts of muskmelon, 5-8 parts of coptis chinensis honey, 13-17 parts of dried beancurd stick residue, 1-2 parts of radix bupleuri, 2-3 parts of semen hoveniae, 2-3 parts of Terminalia chebula Retz., 12-16 parts of sugarcane peel, 5-10 parts of coconut root, 5-9 parts of lotus leaf pedicle, 30-40 parts of palm fruit shells, 2-3 parts of saccharomycete, 3-4 parts of a phagostimulant and proper amount of water. The feed disclosed by the invention adopts the buckwheat flour, the soybeans and the coarse rice powder as the main materials; the added phagostimulant has the effects of invigorating the spleen and benefiting the stomach, promoting appetite, enhancing the metabolism and the like; and the prepared feed has the effects that the nutrition is comprehensive, the preparation cost is low, the food intake is increased, the utilization rate of the feed is increased, the immunity of the crucian is improved and the death rate and the sickness rate of the crucian are reduced.

Description

A kind of containing palm shell fermentation crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of feed, particularly one is containing palm shell fermentation crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Crucian meat is soft, delicious flavour, is one of main cultured freshwater fish of China.Crucian is warm in nature, and taste is sweet, has qi-restoratives, beneficial spleen, nourishes blood, dispels the wind, effect of stomach invigorating.Crucian is herbivorous fishes, is also simultaneously one of excellent cultivation fingerling because its growth is rapid, adaptable, feeding habits extensively, be of high nutritive value, be one of fish of liking of raiser and consumer.
Palm shell just pulp is eaten up after palm fruit result, the shell of remaining large volume, and itself is worth not high, abandoned always for a long time, and along with the modern times utilize technology more and more ripe for wastes of crops, the potentiality of palm shell can show especially out day by day.Palm shell is added in the preparation of feed after treatment, obtained containing palm shell fermentation crucian carp feed, through crucian edible after meat significantly improve, build obviously improves, and resistance against diseases is strong, and security is high.
Summary of the invention
The present invention compensate for the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of containing palm shell fermentation crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Fish meal of the present invention is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: buckwheat flour 50-60, soya bean 40-50, coarse rice powder 20-23, leaf of bamboo 5-10, grape leaf 12-18, fragrant citrus pericarp 20-25, watermelon peel 20-25, dark plum 10-14, muskmelon 30-35, coptis honey 5-8, bean curd stick slag 13-17, radix bupleuri 1-2, hoveniae semoveniae semen 2-3, myrobalan 2-3, sugarcane skin 12-16, coconut palm root 5-10, hindu lotus leaf-base 5-9, palm shell 30-40, saccharomycete 2-3, phagostimulant 3-4, water are appropriate;
Described phagostimulant is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat flour 30-40, butter 4-6, matcha powder 7-10, daimyo oak seed 10-15, husky honey raisin tree 12-17, Sorbus alnifloria 5-7, bougainvillea 5-6, Radix seu cortex hberberidis heteropodae 2-3, Chinese wisteria root 1-2, Chinese sumac leaf 4-5, Ilex Latifolia Thunb 5-6, teasel root 1-2, black matrimony vine 3-4, Yellow mealworm dung 20-25, laughable 30-40, agar 6-9, water are appropriate; Bougainvillea, Radix seu cortex hberberidis heteropodae, Chinese wisteria root, Chinese sumac leaf, Ilex Latifolia Thunb, teasel root, black matrimony vine are added slow fire boiling 1-2 hour in suitable quantity of water by preparation method, filter sediment, then mix with wheat flour, matcha powder, make particle, obtain hybrid particles; Daimyo oak seed, husky honey raisin tree, Sorbus alnifloria are pulverized after drying, obtains mixed powder; Yellow mealworm dung is added in the butter burning heat thawing the 4-6 minute that stir-fries, grind to form fine powder, add cola to stir, add again after agar, above-mentioned gained mixed powder and other residual components mix and be heated to melt completely, evenly be sprayed at again on the hybrid particles of above-mentioned gained, dry.
The concrete steps of the preparation of described fish meal are as follows:
(1) soak 20-24 hour by putting into water after sugarcane skin, coconut palm root, hindu lotus leaf-base, the broken slagging of palm shell, rear grinding pulping is boiled in heating, then carries out expanding treatment, add coarse rice powder, saccharomycete mixes, sealing and fermenting 1-2 days, obtains fermentation materials, for subsequent use;
(2) radix bupleuri, hoveniae semoveniae semen, myrobalan are added suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, then mix with coptis honey, fragrant citrus pericarp, dark plum, muskmelon, broken slagging, obtain mixing slag, for subsequent use;
(3) leaf of bamboo, grape leaf are ground to form juice, then slow fire stir-fries consume to moisture content and does after mixing with soya bean, makes powder, obtains mixed powder, for subsequent use;
(4) the mixing slag of the fermentation materials of step 1, step 2, the mixed powder of step 3 and other residual components are mixed, dry, granulation.
In phagostimulant, bougainvillea is Nyctaginaceae woody climber shape shrub, has effect of removing toxic substances heat-clearing, the regulation of qi and blood.Radix seu cortex hberberidis heteropodae is the root of dicotyledon medicine Berberidaceae plant Radix seu cortex hberberidis heteropodae, Gen Pi and stem skin, and bitter is cold in nature, enters lung, large intestine two warp, has the effect of heat-clearing and damp-drying drug, purging intense heat and detonicating.Chinese sumac leaf is the leaf of Anacardiaceae plant Chinese sumac, taste acid, micro-hardship, cool in nature, has the effect of cough-relieving, hemostasis, convergence, removing toxic substances.
In raw material, myrobalan is the dry young fruit of combretaceae plant myrobalan, bitter, acid, puckery, and property is put down, and has effect of clearing heat and promoting fluid, removing toxic substances.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Of the present invention containing palm shell fermentation crucian carp feed, effects such as adopting buckwheat flour, soya bean, coarse rice powder as main material, the phagostimulant of interpolation has invigorating spleen and reinforcing stomach, improve a poor appetite, enhance metabolism.Obtained feed nutrition is comprehensive, and preparation cost is low, increases food-intake, improves the utilization rate of feed, increases the immunity of crucian, reduces the death rate of crucian and sick rate.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with following detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail:
The raw material taking following weight portion (kg) is made: buckwheat flour 55, soya bean 45, coarse rice powder 21, the leaf of bamboo 8, grape leaf 16, fragrant citrus pericarp 22, watermelon peel 23, dark plum 12, muskmelon 32, coptis honey 6, bean curd stick slag 15, radix bupleuri 1, hoveniae semoveniae semen 2, myrobalan 3, sugarcane skin 14, coconut palm root 8, hindu lotus leaf-base 6, palm shell 35, saccharomycete 2, phagostimulant 3, water are appropriate;
Described phagostimulant is made up of the raw material of following weight portion (kg): wheat flour 35, butter 5, matcha powder 8, daimyo oak seed 13, husky honey raisin tree 16, Sorbus alnifloria 6, bougainvillea 5, Radix seu cortex hberberidis heteropodae 2, Chinese wisteria root 1, Chinese sumac leaf 4, Ilex Latifolia Thunb 5, teasel root 1, black matrimony vine 3, Yellow mealworm dung 24, laughable 35, agar 8, water are appropriate; Bougainvillea, Radix seu cortex hberberidis heteropodae, Chinese wisteria root, Chinese sumac leaf, Ilex Latifolia Thunb, teasel root, black matrimony vine to be added in suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1 hour by preparation method, filter sediment, then mix with wheat flour, matcha powder, make particle, obtain hybrid particles; Daimyo oak seed, husky honey raisin tree, Sorbus alnifloria are pulverized after drying, obtains mixed powder; Yellow mealworm dung is added in the butter burning heat thawing and stir-fry 5 minutes, grind to form fine powder, add cola to stir, add again after agar, above-mentioned gained mixed powder and other residual components mix and be heated to melt completely, evenly be sprayed at again on the hybrid particles of above-mentioned gained, dry.
The concrete steps of the preparation method of fish meal are as follows:
(1) soak putting into water after sugarcane skin, coconut palm root, hindu lotus leaf-base, the broken slagging of palm shell 22 hours, rear grinding pulping is boiled in heating, then carries out expanding treatment, and add coarse rice powder, saccharomycete mixes, sealing and fermenting 1 day, obtains fermentation materials, for subsequent use;
(2) radix bupleuri, hoveniae semoveniae semen, myrobalan are added suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 2 hours, filter sediment, then mix with coptis honey, fragrant citrus pericarp, dark plum, muskmelon, broken slagging, obtain mixing slag, for subsequent use;
(3) leaf of bamboo, grape leaf are ground to form juice, then slow fire stir-fries consume to moisture content and does after mixing with soya bean, makes powder, obtains mixed powder, for subsequent use;
(4) the mixing slag of the fermentation materials of step 1, step 2, the mixed powder of step 3 and other residual components are mixed, dry, granulation.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, select 400 builds identical, upgrowth situation is in good health, the identical juvenile fish of age in days is as experimental subjects, be divided into experimental group and control group at random, often organize 200, the fishpond putting into water quality respectively identical is raised, experimental group raises fish meal of the present invention, control group raises common fish meal, two groups of number of times that feed intake, feed intake quantity, charging time is all identical, experimental period is 2 months, result of the test shows: compared with control group, the crucian survival rate of experimental group improves 16%, sick rate reduces by 11%, food-intake improves 15%, efficiency of feed utilization improves 19%, improve the economic benefit of cultivation.

Claims (2)

1. one kind contains palm shell fermentation crucian carp feed, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: buckwheat flour 50-60, soya bean 40-50, coarse rice powder 20-23, leaf of bamboo 5-10, grape leaf 12-18, fragrant citrus pericarp 20-25, watermelon peel 20-25, dark plum 10-14, muskmelon 30-35, coptis honey 5-8, bean curd stick slag 13-17, radix bupleuri 1-2, hoveniae semoveniae semen 2-3, myrobalan 2-3, sugarcane skin 12-16, coconut palm root 5-10, hindu lotus leaf-base 5-9, palm shell 30-40, saccharomycete 2-3, phagostimulant 3-4, water are appropriate;
Described phagostimulant is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat flour 30-40, butter 4-6, matcha powder 7-10, daimyo oak seed 10-15, husky honey raisin tree 12-17, Sorbus alnifloria 5-7, bougainvillea 5-6, Radix seu cortex hberberidis heteropodae 2-3, Chinese wisteria root 1-2, Chinese sumac leaf 4-5, Ilex Latifolia Thunb 5-6, teasel root 1-2, black matrimony vine 3-4, Yellow mealworm dung 20-25, laughable 30-40, agar 6-9, water are appropriate; Bougainvillea, Radix seu cortex hberberidis heteropodae, Chinese wisteria root, Chinese sumac leaf, Ilex Latifolia Thunb, teasel root, black matrimony vine are added slow fire boiling 1-2 hour in suitable quantity of water by preparation method, filter sediment, then mix with wheat flour, matcha powder, make particle, obtain hybrid particles; Daimyo oak seed, husky honey raisin tree, Sorbus alnifloria are pulverized after drying, obtains mixed powder; Yellow mealworm dung is added in the butter burning heat thawing the 4-6 minute that stir-fries, grind to form fine powder, add cola to stir, add again after agar, above-mentioned gained mixed powder and other residual components mix and be heated to melt completely, evenly be sprayed at again on the hybrid particles of above-mentioned gained, dry.
2. according to claims 1, contain palm shell fermentation crucian carp feed, it is characterized in that, the concrete steps of preparation method are as follows:
(1) soak 20-24 hour by putting into water after sugarcane skin, coconut palm root, hindu lotus leaf-base, the broken slagging of palm shell, rear grinding pulping is boiled in heating, then carries out expanding treatment, add coarse rice powder, saccharomycete mixes, sealing and fermenting 1-2 days, obtains fermentation materials, for subsequent use;
(2) radix bupleuri, hoveniae semoveniae semen, myrobalan are added suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, then mix with coptis honey, fragrant citrus pericarp, dark plum, muskmelon, broken slagging, obtain mixing slag, for subsequent use;
(3) leaf of bamboo, grape leaf are ground to form juice, then slow fire stir-fries consume to moisture content and does after mixing with soya bean, makes powder, obtains mixed powder, for subsequent use;
(4) the mixing slag of the fermentation materials of step 1, step 2, the mixed powder of step 3 and other residual components are mixed, dry, granulation.
CN201410793389.XA 2014-12-20 2014-12-20 Palm fruit shell contained fermented feed for crucian and preparation method thereof Pending CN104489379A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105994996A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-10-12 淮南市宋王优质粮食种植农民专业合作社 Crucian carp feed containing palm fruit shells and capable of increasing food consumption and preparation method of crucian carp feed
CN105995226A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-10-12 淮南市宋王优质粮食种植农民专业合作社 Ecological feed containing palm fruit shells for crucian carps and preparation method of ecological feed
CN105995210A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-10-12 王刚 Carassius auratus feed and preparation method thereof
CN106260765A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 马鞍山市海滨水产品生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of containing disease-resistant crucian carp feed of palm shell and preparation method thereof
CN106260764A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 马鞍山市海滨水产品生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of containing palm shell health care crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN106819615A (en) * 2016-06-23 2017-06-13 苏州旭丰生物科技有限公司 A kind of disease-resistant getting fat type gold crucian carp proprietary formula feed and preparation method thereof
CN107397075A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-28 兰溪市普润斯水产养殖技术有限公司 Increase the crucian carp feed of protein content

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103931914A (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-07-23 青阳县曙光生态养殖专业合作社 Crucian carp formula feed and its preparation method

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103931914A (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-07-23 青阳县曙光生态养殖专业合作社 Crucian carp formula feed and its preparation method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105995210A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-10-12 王刚 Carassius auratus feed and preparation method thereof
CN105994996A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-10-12 淮南市宋王优质粮食种植农民专业合作社 Crucian carp feed containing palm fruit shells and capable of increasing food consumption and preparation method of crucian carp feed
CN105995226A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-10-12 淮南市宋王优质粮食种植农民专业合作社 Ecological feed containing palm fruit shells for crucian carps and preparation method of ecological feed
CN106819615A (en) * 2016-06-23 2017-06-13 苏州旭丰生物科技有限公司 A kind of disease-resistant getting fat type gold crucian carp proprietary formula feed and preparation method thereof
CN106260765A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 马鞍山市海滨水产品生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of containing disease-resistant crucian carp feed of palm shell and preparation method thereof
CN106260764A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 马鞍山市海滨水产品生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of containing palm shell health care crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN107397075A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-28 兰溪市普润斯水产养殖技术有限公司 Increase the crucian carp feed of protein content

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Application publication date: 20150408

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