CN104488492A - Large-scale production method for Weining codonopsis pilosula - Google Patents

Large-scale production method for Weining codonopsis pilosula Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104488492A
CN104488492A CN201410680810.6A CN201410680810A CN104488492A CN 104488492 A CN104488492 A CN 104488492A CN 201410680810 A CN201410680810 A CN 201410680810A CN 104488492 A CN104488492 A CN 104488492A
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China
Prior art keywords
radix codonopsis
seedling
prestige
codonopsis pilosula
earth
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CN201410680810.6A
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CN104488492B (en
Inventor
游延宇
孙庆文
钟稚书
赵德富
江开聪
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GUIZHOU HONGFUTANGDAODI MEDICINAL MATERIALS Co Ltd
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GUIZHOU HONGFUTANGDAODI MEDICINAL MATERIALS Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a large-scale production method for Weining codonopsis pilosula. The large-scale production method includes a seedling raising method and a transplant method. Seedling raising is performed in a greenhouse, and transplant is performed under an open-air condition. The seedling raising method includes seed pretreatment, land selection, a seeding method, a fertilizing method and different mulch overshadowing measures, so that Weining codonopsis pilosula seedling raising in protected areas at different altitudes is achieved, emergence rate of Weining codonopsis pilosula seedlings is increased and growth period of the Weining codonopsis pilosula seedlings is shortened. The transplant method includes land arrangement; livestock (cattle or mule) furrowing during transplanting, wherein furrow depth is about 20cm, furrow surface inclination is 15 degrees, the codonopsis pilosula seedlings are placed in furrow surfaces according to the row spacing of 10cm, decomposed farm manure is applied to near roots of the codonopsis pilosula seedlings and soil dug out from next furrows covers the codonopsis pilosula seedlings finally; middle-term management, namely, using a hoe for hoeing weeds along gaps during weeding; during top application, spreading fertilizers at the near roots of the codonopsis pilosula before weeding, and covering by the soil shoveled by weeding. Small inclination during transplant is beneficial to codonopsis pilosula growth, so that growth of thick and large codonopsis pilosula is promoted and yield and quality are improved.

Description

The peaceful Radix Codonopsis large-scale method for producing of prestige
Technical field
The invention belongs to Chinese herbal medicine planting technology field, relate to the large-scale method for producing of the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of a kind of prestige particularly, comprise seedling-cultivating method and transplanting method.
background technology:
The peaceful Radix Codonopsis of prestige be Campanulaceae Radix Codonopsis [ codonpsis pilosula(Franch.) Nannf] dry root; there is tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi; effect of invigorating the spleen benefit lung; Wei Ning autonomous county of Guizhou Province genunie medicinal materials; ratifying the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of prestige in October, 2013 by State General Administration for Quality Supervision is " geographical indication protection product ", and ratifies Guizhou Hong Futang genunie medicinal materials Co., Ltd use " geography symbol product special mark ".The mainstay of prestige peaceful Radix Codonopsis industry Shi Weining autonomous county Traditional Chinese Medicine Industry Development, but existing seedling growing process falls behind, conventional seedbed system method selects the location of height above sea level 2200m-----2600m, by thin for soil deep ploughing rake before nursery, then the farmyard manure become thoroughly decomposed (1500-2000kg/ mu) is imposed on ground, finally farmyard manure is mixed earth, make wide 1.2m, the furrow face of high 20-30cm.The thin earth of Radix Codonopsis seed first handling (40 degrees Celsius of emerge in worm water, to room temperature, rinse 2 times with clear water, dry) during nursery well is mixed (1:10) thoroughly and is spread on furrow face, and every mu of sowing quantity is 1.5-2kg; Then rake in ground gently with little rake, be beneficial to Radix Codonopsis seed and contact with ground Homogeneous phase mixing; Finally cover shade net.The defect of the method is: required by one, having height above sea level; Two, run into Continuous Drought or the rainy day will cause drought and waterlogging to nursery base, emergence rate is lower; Three, because the peaceful day and night temperature of prestige is comparatively large, delay Radix Codonopsis and to sprout growth, growth growth cycle.
Conventional transplanting method is manually harrowed in the soil of farming before transplanting carefully to rise, and make wide 1.2m, the furrow face of high more than 30cm, spacing 20cm between furrow face, is beneficial to farming weeding.By furrow face corrugate during transplanting, ditch depth 20cm, by Radix Codonopsis seedling according to 5cm spacing in the rows, 45 degree of gradient field planting are transplanted, and then use the farmyard manure that become thoroughly decomposed in the nearly root of Radix Codonopsis seedling, by thin for next ditch corrugate earth covering Radix Codonopsis seedling, line-spacing 20cm.Middle term management, during weeding, manually pulls out; Topdress to adopt rainy day and spread fertilizer over the fields method.It is comparatively large that the shortcoming that the method exists is to transplant recruitment, and bring inconvenience during later stage weeding, consuming time more, cost is higher.Because gradient when Radix Codonopsis field planting is transplanted is comparatively large, be unfavorable for the growth of Radix Codonopsis.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the large-scale method for producing of the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of a kind of prestige, comprise seedling-cultivating method and transplanting method, the method simplifies middle term management, shortens growth cycle, improves percentage of seedgermination, improves seedling raising environment; Improve weeding system, shorten the amount of labour used, reduce production cost, improve productivity effect.
Object of the present invention and solve its technical problem underlying and realize by the following technical solutions: the large-scale method for producing of the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of a kind of prestige, comprise seedling-cultivating method and transplanting method, nursery is carried out in booth, transplant and carry out under condition in the open, booth structure is steelframe or bamboo frame structure, and five faces are added with fly net, transparent membrane, shade net three layers of material, be movable removable, height 4-5 rice, size is determined according to land area, and indoor are provided with Hygrothermograph;
Seedling-cultivating method comprises:
(1) wholely
Removed by weeds before ploughing, more than tractor-ploughing 30cm, the thin clod of artificial rake, remove stone or weeds, inclined slope aspect works bedding, the wide 1.2m of furrow, furrow height 25-30cm, furrow spacing 20-30cm, and length is determined according to soil simultaneously;
(2) preparation of farmyard manure
Be sealed fermenting of banking up after 20:1 fully mixes with the farmyard manure of pig, ox, the mixing of sheep excrement with fused calcium magnesium phosphate ratio, the time of banking up reaches more than two weeks, carry out smashing to pieces after farmyard manure fully becomes thoroughly decomposed turn over even after for subsequent use;
(3) apply fertilizer to the subsoil
Prior to seeding the farmyard manure fully become thoroughly decomposed is imposed on earth surfaces, consumption is 1500kg-2000kg/667m 2, application process: the farmyard manure mixed is spread on surface, whole good plot, then fertilizer is turned in the shallow top layer of earth, rake stand-by;
(4) seed process in early stage
The peaceful Radix Codonopsis seed of prestige requires that cleanliness is more than 90%, and germination rate is more than 85%, and purity is more than 95%, and thousand kernel weight is greater than 0.3345g, and water content is less than 15%; Select full grains, bright in color, pollution-free, without going mouldy, without damage by disease and insect, install with beanbag and be put in 40 obe dipped to room temperature in the warm water of C, take out after 11-13 hour, to dry, stand-by;
(5) sow
Seeding quantity is 1.5kg-2.0kg/667m 2type of seeding is: broadcast sowing after peaceful for ready prestige Radix Codonopsis seed and mistake No. 10 thin earth 1:10 ratios of sieving being mixed, sprinkle evenly rear many teeth Ting rake and slightly rake along earth surfaces, allow the peaceful Radix Codonopsis seed of prestige infiltrate earth surfaces layer, broadcast sowing earthing and repeat twice, keep earth to cover about 0.3cm;
(6) shelter from heat or light
Shelter from heat or light in booth;
(7) seedbed management
After planting keep moistening and field, native top layer without weeds, water at any time, 2 weeks start to emerge, when seedling grows 2 true leaves, carry out weeding in mid-term, and loosening the soil during weeding should be shallow, avoid burying seedling, hindering root; Treat that the peaceful Radix Codonopsis Feng Hanghou of prestige carries out middle term management, application in time, remove shade net; Fertilizing method is: if urea can be utilized directly to be spread on blade face in the rainy day, each consumption is 10kg/667m 2; As in rain or shine sky fertilising, then spray in blade face after between the lights fertilizer being diluted; Carry out cutting seedling when seedling reaches 30cm, cut seedling 1/3; Should apply fertilizer and cut seedling each twice haveing suffered in seedling growth process, irregularly carry out weeding simultaneously;
(8) lifting.
Transplanting method comprises: early stage is good by consolidation, with ox, horse animals ditch dug with a plow during transplanting, ditch depth 20cm, now ditch plane inclination 15 degree, Radix Codonopsis seedling is put in groove face according to spacing in the rows 10cm, then the farmyard manure become thoroughly decomposed is imposed on the nearly root place of Radix Codonopsis seedling, finally the earth of next ditch is covered, if any not covering Radix Codonopsis seedling completely, human assistance; Middle term management, during weeding, roots out along gap with hoe; During fertilising, fertilizer is spread on the nearly root place of Radix Codonopsis before weeding, the earth removed by weed shovel covers.
The present invention compared with prior art has obvious advantage and beneficial effect.From above technical scheme; prestige of the present invention peaceful Radix Codonopsis protecting field seedling-cultivating method; by protecting field nursery; its effect is: by improving external condition, can manual control indoor temperature, humidity and moisture, improves percentage of seedgermination; reduce the destruction of foreign pests; be convenient to management, shorten the growth cycle of seedling, broken the selection of nursery base to High aititude location.
The present invention is by testing for many years; take measures such as seed pre-treatment, soil selection, seedling-cultivating method, fertilizing method, Cover treatment thing shelter from heat or light; achieve the nursery of prestige peaceful Radix Codonopsis Different Altitude protecting field; increased substantially the emergence rate of the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of prestige, shortened growth cycle, respond well, improve the nursery production capacity of the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of prestige.Carrying out in booth haveing suffered seedling raising process, wherein decreasing and covering shade net process.As rainfall is plentiful period, closure tip, can prevent waterlogging; As period of drought, remove transparent membrane, indoor watering, prevents drought.
Transplanting method substantially increases operating efficiency in addition, and during transplanting, operating efficiency is about artificial 3 times of transplanting; Rooting out operating efficiency during weeding is 7-8 times that manually pulls out, and weeding is applied fertilizer simultaneously and is conducive to the absorption of Radix Codonopsis, decreases the quantities of transplanting, weeding, reduces costs.Because Radix Codonopsis is the raw class crop of root, the gradient little growth being conducive to Radix Codonopsis during transplanting, the Radix Codonopsis under this condition is thicker, improves Radix Codonopsis yield and quality.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with preferred embodiment, to the prestige peaceful Radix Codonopsis large-scale method for producing embodiment proposed according to the present invention, feature and effect thereof, be described in detail as follows.
Embodiment 1
Guizhou Hong Futang genunie medicinal materials Co., Ltd has carried out nursery comparative trial on April 6th, 2013 in Xi Chong village, prestige Ning County little Hai town.Experimental field be yellow sandy loam, cultivated land, front stubble corn and potato interplanting, height above sea level is 2276 meters.Field trial is divided into A, B to measure two each 460m of contrast process 2, wherein A process adopts open country seedling growing process, covers shade net; B process adopts the technology of the present invention, and protecting field seedling growing process.
1. wholely
Removed by weeds before ploughing, more than tractor-ploughing 30cm, the thin clod of artificial rake, removes stone or weeds simultaneously, answers inclined slope aspect to work bedding, be convenient to middle term management.The wide 1.2m of furrow, furrow height 25-30cm, furrow spacing 20-30cm, length is determined according to soil.
2. the preparation of farmyard manure
According to GAP fertilising requirement, fully should become thoroughly decomposed as used during farmyard manure in planting process, non-pollution sanitary standard should be met.And sealed fermenting (fused calcium magnesium phosphate: farmyard manure=1:20) of banking up after fully mixing with fused calcium magnesium phosphate according to local conditions farmyard manure (pig, ox, the mixing of sheep excrement), the time of banking up should reach more than two weeks, carry out smashing to pieces after farmyard manure fully becomes thoroughly decomposed turn over even after for subsequent use.
3. apply fertilizer to the subsoil
The farmyard manure fully become thoroughly decomposed should be imposed on earth surfaces prior to seeding, consumption is 1500kg-2000kg/667m 2.Application process: the farmyard manure mixed is spread on surface, whole good plot, then fertilizer is turned in the shallow top layer of earth, rake stand-by.
4. seed process in early stage
The peaceful Radix Codonopsis seed of prestige requires that cleanliness is more than 90%, and germination rate is more than 85%, and purity is more than 95%, and thousand kernel weight is greater than 0.3345g, and water content should be less than 15%.Select full grains, bright in color, pollution-free, without going mouldy, without damage by disease and insect.Install with beanbag and be put in 40 obe dipped to room temperature in the warm water of C, take out after 11-13 hour, be beneficial to seed sprouting in advance.Dry, stand-by.
5. sow
Seeding quantity is 1.5kg-2.0kg/667m 2.Type of seeding is: broadcast sowing after peaceful for ready prestige Radix Codonopsis seed and thin earth (about crossing No. 10 to sieve) are mixed (1:10), sprinkle evenly rear Duo Chi Ting rake slightly to rake along earth surfaces, the peaceful Radix Codonopsis seed of prestige is allowed to infiltrate earth surfaces layer, broadcast sowing earthing and repeat twice, keep earth to cover about 0.3cm.
6. shelter from heat or light
A process experiment is carried out interpolation covering shade net after having sowed and is sheltered from heat or light, and B process takes protecting field to shelter from heat or light.
7. seedbed management
Moistening and field, native top layer after planting should be kept without weeds, and should water at any time, general 2 weeks start to emerge, when seedling grows 2 true leaves, carry out weeding in mid-term, and loosening the soil during weeding should be shallow, avoid burying seedling, hindering root.Treat that the peaceful Radix Codonopsis Feng Hanghou of prestige carries out middle term management, answer application in time, remove shade net.Fertilizing method is: if urea can be utilized directly to be spread on blade face in the rainy day, each consumption is 10kg/667m 2, as in rain or shine sky fertilising, spray in blade face after should between the lights fertilizer being diluted.Carry out cutting seedling when seedling reaches more than 30cm, cut seedling 1/3.Should apply fertilizer and cut seedling each twice haveing suffered in seedling growth process, irregularly carry out weeding simultaneously.
8. lifting
Carry out lifting on December 26th, 2013, now emergence rate is: A process 76.3%, and output is 0.426kg/ m 2; B process 84.2%, output is 0.519kg/ m 2.Adopt the B leaf emergence of this technology to increase by 7.9%, output increases 62kg/ mu.
Embodiment 2:
Guizhou Hong Futang genunie medicinal materials Co., Ltd has carried out nursery comparative trial on March 23rd, 2014 in Bao Dou village, prestige Ning County Me Zhan town.Experimental field be yellow sandy loam, cultivated land, front stubble corn and potato interplanting, height above sea level is 2098 meters.Field trial is divided into A, B to measure two each 450m of contrast process 2, wherein A process adopts open country seedling growing process, covers shade net; B process adopts the technology of the present invention, and protecting field seedling growing process.
Method is with implementing example 1.So far also non-lifting, but seedling growth according to the observation, B process is better than A process.
Embodiment 3
Emerging of embodiment 1 is transplanted: early stage is good by consolidation, with ox, horse animals ditch dug with a plow during transplanting, ditch depth 20cm, now ditch plane inclination 15 degree, be put in groove face by Radix Codonopsis seedling according to spacing in the rows 10cm, then the farmyard manure become thoroughly decomposed imposed on the nearly root place of Radix Codonopsis seedling, the earth finally routed up by next ditch covers, if any not covering Radix Codonopsis seedling completely, human assistance; Middle term management, during weeding, roots out along gap with hoe; During fertilising, fertilizer is spread on the nearly root place of Radix Codonopsis before weeding, the earth removed by weed shovel covers.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not any pro forma restriction is done to the present invention, anyly do not depart from technical solution of the present invention content, the any simple modification done above embodiment according to technical spirit of the present invention, equivalent variations and modification, all still belong in the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a large-scale method for producing for the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of prestige, comprises seedling-cultivating method and transplanting method, it is characterized in that:
Seedling-cultivating method comprises:
(1) wholely
Removed by weeds before ploughing, more than tractor-ploughing 30cm, the thin clod of artificial rake, remove stone or weeds, inclined slope aspect works bedding, the wide 1.2m of furrow, furrow height 25-30cm, furrow spacing 20-30cm, and length is determined according to soil simultaneously;
(2) preparation of farmyard manure
To bank up sealed fermenting after fully mixing with fused calcium magnesium phosphate with the farmyard manure of pig, ox, the mixing of sheep excrement, the time of banking up reaches more than two weeks, carry out smashing to pieces after farmyard manure fully becomes thoroughly decomposed turn over even after for subsequent use;
(3) apply fertilizer to the subsoil
Prior to seeding the farmyard manure fully become thoroughly decomposed is imposed on earth surfaces, consumption is 1500kg-2000kg/667m 2, application process: the farmyard manure mixed is spread on surface, whole good plot, then fertilizer is turned in the shallow top layer of earth, rake stand-by;
(4) seed process in early stage
The peaceful Radix Codonopsis seed of prestige requires that cleanliness is more than 90%, and germination rate is more than 85%, and purity is more than 95%, and thousand kernel weight is greater than 0.3345g, and water content is less than 15%; Select full grains, bright in color, pollution-free, without going mouldy, without damage by disease and insect, install with beanbag and be put in 40 obe dipped to room temperature in the warm water of C, take out after 11-13 hour, to dry, stand-by;
(5) sow
Seeding quantity is 1.5kg-2.0kg/667m 2type of seeding is: broadcast sowing after peaceful for ready prestige Radix Codonopsis seed and thin earth being mixed, and sprinkles evenly rear many teeth Ting rake and slightly rakes along earth surfaces, allows the peaceful Radix Codonopsis seed of prestige infiltrate earth surfaces layer, broadcast sowing earthing and repeat twice, keep earth to cover about 0.3cm;
(6) shelter from heat or light
Shelter from heat or light in booth;
(7) seedbed management
After planting keep moistening and field, native top layer without weeds, water at any time, start to emerge after 2 weeks, when seedling grows 2 true leaves, carry out weeding in mid-term, loosening the soil during weeding should be shallow, avoids burying seedling, hindering root; Treat that the peaceful Radix Codonopsis Feng Hanghou of prestige carries out middle term management, application in time, remove shade net; Fertilizing method is: if urea can be utilized directly to be spread on blade face in the rainy day, each consumption is 10kg/667m 2; As in rain or shine sky fertilising, then spray in blade face after between the lights fertilizer being diluted; Carry out cutting seedling when seedling reaches 30cm, cut seedling 1/3; Should apply fertilizer and cut seedling each twice haveing suffered in seedling growth process, irregularly carry out weeding simultaneously;
(8) lifting
Transplanting method comprises: early stage is good by consolidation, with ox, horse animals ditch dug with a plow during transplanting, ditch depth is about 20cm, now ditch plane inclination 15 degree, Radix Codonopsis seedling is put in groove face according to spacing in the rows 10cm, then the farmyard manure become thoroughly decomposed is imposed on the nearly root place of Radix Codonopsis seedling, finally the earth of next ditch is covered, if any not covering Radix Codonopsis seedling completely, human assistance; Middle term management, during weeding, roots out along gap with hoe; During fertilising, fertilizer is spread on the nearly root place of Radix Codonopsis before weeding, the earth removed by weed shovel covers.
2. the large-scale method for producing of the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of prestige as claimed in claim 1; it is characterized in that: described booth structure is steelframe or bamboo frame structure; five faces are added with fly net, transparent membrane, shade net three layers of material; be movable removable; height 4-5 rice; size is determined according to land area, and indoor are provided with Hygrothermograph.
3. the large-scale method for producing of the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of prestige as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: step (2) farmyard manure of seedling-cultivating method and fused calcium magnesium phosphate ratio are 20:1.
4. the large-scale method for producing of the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of prestige as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: step (4) installs with beanbag and is put in 40 obe dipped to room temperature in the warm water of C, take out after 12 hours.
5. the large-scale method for producing of the peaceful Radix Codonopsis of prestige as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the thin earth of step (5) crosses No. 10 sieves, and the ratio of prestige peaceful Radix Codonopsis seed and thin earth is 1:10.
CN201410680810.6A 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 Large-scale production method for Weining codonopsis pilosula Expired - Fee Related CN104488492B (en)

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Cited By (3)

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CN105210623A (en) * 2015-10-09 2016-01-06 李付炯 The implantation methods of Radix Codonopsis
CN105359814A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-02 江西青春康源制药有限公司 Planting method for campanumoea javanica
CN105746159A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-07-13 昆明盾丰农业科技开发有限公司 Codonopsis bulleyana cultivating and planting method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105210623A (en) * 2015-10-09 2016-01-06 李付炯 The implantation methods of Radix Codonopsis
CN105359814A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-02 江西青春康源制药有限公司 Planting method for campanumoea javanica
CN105359814B (en) * 2015-12-09 2018-04-27 江西青春康源制药有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen
CN105746159A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-07-13 昆明盾丰农业科技开发有限公司 Codonopsis bulleyana cultivating and planting method

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