CN104488491B - Method for raising seedlings of Hongsen pagoda trees by hard branch cutting - Google Patents

Method for raising seedlings of Hongsen pagoda trees by hard branch cutting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104488491B
CN104488491B CN201410679508.9A CN201410679508A CN104488491B CN 104488491 B CN104488491 B CN 104488491B CN 201410679508 A CN201410679508 A CN 201410679508A CN 104488491 B CN104488491 B CN 104488491B
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China
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cutting
cuttage
ridge
centimeters
nursery stock
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CN104488491A (en
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石冠旗
侯金波
刘振华
马玉
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Anhui Hongsen tech forestry Limited by Share Ltd
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Anhui Hongsen Tech Forestry Ltd By Share Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

A method for raising seedlings of Hongsen pagoda trees by hard branch cutting includes the steps of step 1, collecting and shearing of cutting slips, step 2, land consolidation, step 3, collecting or digging of scions, step 4, cutting slip treatment and cutting, step 5, watering and laminating, step 6, post-cutting management, and step 7, nursery stock management. The method for raising the seedlings of the Hongsen pagoda trees by hard branch cutting has the advantages that the defect of incapability of achieving rapid propagation of the Hongsen pagoda trees in the prior art is overcome; the technical problem about survival of the seedlings, raised by hard branch cutting, of the Hongsen pagoda trees is solved, and good maternal characteristics are kept while rapid propagation of the Hongsen pagoda trees is promoted.

Description

A kind of deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising method
Technical field
The present invention relates to agriculture cuttage raise seedling technique field, especially a kind of deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising method.
Background technology
As one kind of Sophora japonica L., mainly by seminal propagation, excellent germline using grafting and buries root method to deep gloomy Chinese scholartree, but deep gloomy Chinese scholartree, cross-pollination power is strong, and natural hybrization rate is high, and the character of seed is difficult holding, grafting and the cost height again burying root, speed Slowly, do not reach Fast-propagation purpose;Prior art is difficult to the Fast-propagation of deep gloomy Seedling, the present invention is intended to provide a kind of deep gloomy Front method is educated in the cuttage of Chinese scholartree.
Content of the invention
Prior art can not meet the needs of people, not enough for making up prior art, the present invention is intended to provide a kind of deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising method.
For achieving the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solutions:A kind of deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising method, including Seven steps:Step one, cutting gathers and cuts;Step 2, consolidation;Step 3, adopts bar or digs bar;Step 4, cutting Process, cuttage;Step 5, water overlay film;Step 6, manages after cuttage;Step 7, nursery stock manages.
Wherein in step one:Cutting gathers and cuts:Clip current-year branch about two weeks after winter fallen leaves, removes Slightly hold young tender part, river sand lamination douche is mixed using open country and carries out winter Tibetan more than 40 days.
In step 2:After the earth thaws, use sufficient base fertilizer, plough deeply and ridge and build furrow, plot of land area should not be too big, in order to avoid filling Water is uneven, is typically advisable with 7.2x4.6 rice, the ridge is high 25 centimeters, 20 centimeters of top width, and after furrow are built, then ridging in furrow, ridge is high by 15 Centimetre, 20 centimeters of top width, ridge fills once permeable after building, with heavy reality soil, repair leveling after slightly dry.Ridge top ridge bottom must Level, in order to avoid flood young browse when pouring water.
In step 3, the beginning of spring adopts bar or digs bar, ground and temperature starts cuttage for more than 0 degree, insert before bar is cut into 20 centimeters Long cutting, upper cut flat round, lower cut is in the shape of a hoof, and otch makes every effort to smooth, and upper cut from first bud with one centimeter is Preferably.
In step 4, cutting is processed, cuttage:600ppm carbendazim and 600ppm naphthalene acetic acid is used before the cuttings cuttage shearing Aqueous solution soaking 24h;In whole in advance good furrow, bore the two side perforating cuttages along ridge with cutting, cutting is earthed 16 centimeters of left sides The right side, stays a bud on the ground.
In step 5, pour once permeable after cuttage, after ground is slightly dry, the both sides along ridge cover white mulch film.
Management in step 6, after cuttage:After all cuttings cuttages all centered on water management, from the day of cuttage Rise, poured a water with every two days, often the upper earth of holding moistens, until root of hair survives, irrigation amount is advisable with not flooding a newly branch and leaf After cutting survives, suitably can lack irrigation times and irrigation amount, and progressively be transitioned into normal management.
In step 7, strengthen nursery stock management, after germination, mulch film will be broken in time above bud;Nursery stock grow to 5 leaves it Before, spray 50ppm naphthalene acetic acid, spray 1 time every 5d, even spray 3 times;The seedling growth phase, water in time when arid, nursery stock grows to 30cm Afterwards, every 667 square meters impose carbamide 10~15kg, calcium superphosphate 40~50kg;Apply 1 time every 20d, even apply 3 times;After taking off mulch film and When hoe up weeds;After nursery stock grows to 40cm;Spraying pesticide in time, prevention and elimination of disease and pests.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:This deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising method, compensate for existing Technology does not enable the deficiency of deep gloomy Chinese scholartree Fast-propagation;Solve the technical problem that deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising survives, permissible Promote the purpose of the fast breeding of deep gloomy Chinese scholartree, maintain maternal excellent characteristic.
Specific embodiment
The enforcement it is clear that described will be clearly and completely described to the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention below Example is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, this area is common All other embodiment that technical staff is obtained under the premise of not making creative work, broadly falls into the model of present invention protection Enclose.
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising method, including seven steps:Step one, cutting is adopted Collect and cut;Step 2, consolidation;Step 3, adopts bar or digs bar;Step 4, cutting is processed, cuttage;Step 5, waters and covers Film;Step 6, manages after cuttage;Step 7, nursery stock manages.
Wherein in step one:Cutting gathers and cuts:Clip current-year branch about two weeks after winter fallen leaves, removes Slightly hold young tender part, river sand lamination douche is mixed using open country and carries out winter Tibetan more than 40 days.
In step 2:After the earth thaws, use sufficient base fertilizer, plough deeply and ridge and build furrow, plot of land area should not be too big, in order to avoid filling Water is uneven, is typically advisable with 7.2x4.6 rice, the ridge is high 25 centimeters, 20 centimeters of top width, and after furrow are built, then ridging in furrow, ridge is high by 15 Centimetre, 20 centimeters of top width, ridge fills once permeable after building, with heavy reality soil, repair leveling after slightly dry.Ridge top ridge bottom must Level, in order to avoid flood young browse when pouring water.
In step 3:The beginning of spring adopts bar or digs bar, and surface temperature starts cuttage for more than 0 degree, before inserting, bar is cut into 20 centimeters Long cutting, upper cut flat round, lower cut is in the shape of a hoof, and otch makes every effort to smooth, and upper cut from first bud with one centimeter is Preferably.
In step 4:Cutting is processed, cuttage:600ppm carbendazim and 600ppm naphthalene acetic acid is used before the cuttings cuttage shearing Aqueous solution soaking 24h;In whole in advance good furrow, bore the two side perforating cuttages along ridge with cutting, cutting is earthed 16 centimeters of left sides The right side, stays a bud on the ground.
In step 5:Pour once permeable after cuttage, after ground is slightly dry, the both sides along ridge cover white mulch film.
In step 6:Management after cuttage:After all cuttings cuttages all centered on water management, from the day of cuttage Rise, poured a water with every two days, often keep ground moistening, until root of hair survives, irrigation amount is advisable with not flooding a newly branch and leaf After cutting survives, suitably can lack frequency of irrigation and irrigation quantity, and progressively be transitioned into normal management.
In step 7:Strengthen nursery stock management, after germination, mulch film will be broken in time above bud;Nursery stock grow to 5 leaves it Before, spray 50ppm naphthalene acetic acid, spray 1 time every 5d, even spray 3 times;The seedling growth phase, water in time when arid, nursery stock grows to 30cm Afterwards, every 667 square meters impose carbamide 10~15kg, calcium superphosphate 40~50kg;Apply 1 time every 20d, even apply 3 times;After taking off mulch film and When hoe up weeds;After nursery stock grows to 40cm;Spraying pesticide in time, prevention and elimination of disease and pests.
Embodiment one
Address:Xx farm 1-2 gives birth to deep gloomy Chinese scholartree
Bury method with traditional root:In mid-March, 2013, tree root takes the tree root digging out at once to the deep gloomy Chinese scholartree Seedling of 1-2, is cut into One section of 5-6 centimetre, buries method with traditional root, plant with the ground of cuttage equal conditions inside;
5750 plants of plantation, survives 4720 plants, survival rate 82%.
With deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising method:Winter in 2012 fallen leaves are drawn materials for latter 15 days, and in mid-March, 2013 starts skewer Insert 2270 plants of plantation, survive 1970 plants, survival rate 86%.
Conclusion, deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising technology is that deep gloomy Chinese scholartree nursery provides new method for culturing seedlings;Will promote deep The fast development of gloomy Chinese scholartree.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of the spirit or essential attributes of the present invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any labelling in claim should not be considered as limiting involved claim.
The above, only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, every skill according to the present invention Any trickle amendment, equivalent and improvement that art is substantially made to above example, should be included in technical solution of the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of deep gloomy Chinese scholartree hardwood cutting and seedling raising method, including seven steps:Step one, cutting gathers and cuts;Step 2, soil Ground arranges;Step 3, adopts bar or digs bar;Step 4, cutting is processed, cuttage;Step 5, permeable overlay film;Step 6, manages after cuttage Reason;Step 7, nursery stock manages;It is characterized in that:
S1. in step one:Cutting gathers and cuts:Two weeks clip current-year branch after winter fallen leaves, removes and slightly holds children tender Part, mixes river sand lamination douche using open country and carries out winter Tibetan more than 40 days, in spring in next year, dig bar and cut fringe cuttage;
S2. in step 2:After the earth thaws, use sufficient base fertilizer, plough deeply and ridge and build furrow, plot of land area is 7.2x4.6 rice, the ridge is high 25 centimeters, 20 centimeters of top width, after furrow are built, then ridging in furrow, ridge is high 15 centimeters, 20 centimeters of top width, and ridge fills once after building Permeable, with heavy reality soil, repair leveling after slightly dry;Ridge top ridge bottom must level, in order to avoid flooding young browse when pouring water;
S3. in step 3:The beginning of spring adopts bar or digs bar, and surface temperature starts cuttage for more than 0 degree, before inserting, bar is cut into 20 centimeters long Cutting, upper cut flat round, lower cut be in the shape of a hoof, otch makes every effort to smooth, and one centimeter from first bud of upper cut;
S4. in step 4:Cutting is processed, cuttage:600ppm carbendazim and 600ppm naphthalene acetic acid is used before the cuttings cuttage shearing Aqueous solution soaking 24h;In whole in advance good furrow, bore the two side perforating cuttages along ridge with cutting, cutting is earthed 16 centimeters, ground On stay a bud;
S5. in step 5:Pour once permeable after cuttage, after ground is slightly dry, the both sides along ridge cover white mulch film;
S6. in step 6:Management after cuttage, after all cuttings cuttages all centered on water management, from cuttage, Pour a water within every two days, often keep ground moistening, until root of hair survives, irrigation amount does not flood newly sends out branch and leaf;After cutting survives, Reduce irrigation times and irrigation amount, and be progressively transitioned into normal management;
S7. in step 7:Strengthen nursery stock management, after germination, mulch film will be broken in time above bud;Nursery stock grow to 5 leaves it Before, spray 50ppm naphthalene acetic acid, spray 1 time every 5d, even spray 3 times;The seedling growth phase, water in time when arid, nursery stock grows to 30cm Afterwards, every 667 square meters impose carbamide 10~15kg, calcium superphosphate 40~50kg;Apply 1 time every 20d, even apply 3 times;After taking off mulch film and When hoe up weeds;After nursery stock grows to 40cm;Spraying pesticide in time, prevention and elimination of disease and pests.
CN201410679508.9A 2014-11-13 2014-11-13 Method for raising seedlings of Hongsen pagoda trees by hard branch cutting Active CN104488491B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123391A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-09 河南省农业科学院 Gold leaf compound leaf maple hard branch cutting seedling growing method
CN106171420A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-12-07 安徽省石台县七井山食品有限公司 A kind of Fructus Corni cuttage rapid seedling cultivation method
CN107593226A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-01-19 安徽徽思远生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of fragrant flower Chinese scholar tree method for culturing seedlings using cuttage

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CN101637084B (en) * 2009-09-03 2010-12-08 西北农林科技大学 Method for breeding tetraplont locust plantlets utilizing combination of hardwood cutting and root segment seedling
CN101803524B (en) * 2010-04-26 2011-04-27 北京林业大学 Hardwood cutting propagation method for tetraploid robinia pseudoacacia
CN101816251B (en) * 2010-04-26 2012-03-28 北京林业大学 Tetraploid locust cuttage breeding method
CN102511265A (en) * 2011-12-05 2012-06-27 西北农林科技大学 Hardwood cutting reproduction method for tetraploid robinia pseudoacacia
CN103004430B (en) * 2012-12-18 2014-12-03 柳州师范高等专科学校 Large-leave fast-growing locust tree mother root cutting and seedling method
CN103202172B (en) * 2013-05-03 2014-07-16 江苏省南通市公路管理处 Shoot cutting propagation method of robinia pseudoacacia aurea
CN103385111A (en) * 2013-08-21 2013-11-13 葛文爱 Seedling raising by cutting method for robinia pseudoacacia

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