CN104485048A - Miniature manually-operated lathe - Google Patents

Miniature manually-operated lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104485048A
CN104485048A CN201410365061.8A CN201410365061A CN104485048A CN 104485048 A CN104485048 A CN 104485048A CN 201410365061 A CN201410365061 A CN 201410365061A CN 104485048 A CN104485048 A CN 104485048A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lathe
main
guide rail
main shaft
feed arrangement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410365061.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史颖刚
刘利
聂南天
刘建实
刘振彦
周政
刘家奇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Northwest A&F University
Original Assignee
Northwest A&F University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Northwest A&F University filed Critical Northwest A&F University
Priority to CN201410365061.8A priority Critical patent/CN104485048A/en
Publication of CN104485048A publication Critical patent/CN104485048A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B25/00Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B25/02Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes of industrial processes; of machinery

Abstract

The invention discloses a miniature manually-operated lathe which is formed by a main shaft box, a tailstock, a knife rest, a guide rail, a base, a material receiving board and a lathe body. The main shaft box and the tailstock are arranged at the left and right ends of the lathe body respectively, and the base is arranged under the lathe body; the material receiving board is arranged under the base; the lathe body is provided with the guide rail; the guide rail is connected with a Y-axis feeding device through a guide rail pair; the Y-axis feeding device is provided with an X-axis feeding device; the X-axis feeding device is provided with the knife rest; one side of the Y-axis feeding device is connected with a main screw rod through a thread; the right end of the main screw rod is connected to the lathe body through a bearing, and the left end of the main screw rod is connected with a main screw rod motor through a shaft coupler; the main shaft box is provided with a main shaft; and one end of the main shaft is connected with a main shaft motor through a shaft coupler. The structural components of the lathe are rectangular boards, and thus the miniature manually-operated lathe is easy to produce, convenient to disassemble, high in reliability, good in operational stability and low in production cost. The miniature manually-operated lathe is suitable for students and individuals, and thus the lathe can be known very well, and relevant control device researches can be carried out on the platform.

Description

A kind of small-sized hand-operated lathe
Technical field
The invention belongs to machine tool technology, technical field of automation, relate to a kind of small-sized hand-operated lathe.
Background technology
Lathe structure more complicated, the student of mechanical major is in the study of lathe mechanism, and substantially by seeing two-dimentional wiring layout, 3D solid figure, remove the mechanical realization imagining lathe each several part, effect is not fine; The dismounting of some large-scale lathes, cumbersome, simultaneously cost is also higher, is not too suitable for the practical teaching of mechanical student, and self-study, research lathe structure.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned problems of the prior art with not enough, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of compact conformation, compact, reliable and stable, simple to operate, price is also cheap, is particularly suitable for the small-sized hand-operated lathe of individual or teaching.
Realizing above-mentioned goal of the invention technical scheme is a kind of small-sized hand-operated lathe, by main spindle box, tailstock, knife rest, guide rail, base, splicing plate, lathe bed, described main spindle box and tailstock are arranged on the two ends, left and right of lathe bed respectively, it is provided with base below, described base is provided with splicing plate below, described lathe bed is provided with guide rail, described guide rail is connected with Y-axis feed arrangement by guideway, described Y-axis feed arrangement is provided with X-axis feed arrangement, described X-axis feed arrangement is provided with knife rest, the side of described Y-axis feed arrangement is connected with main leading screw by screw thread, the right-hand member of described main leading screw is connected on lathe bed by bearing, and its left end is connected with main spindle motor by shaft coupling, described main spindle box is provided with main shaft, and one end of described main shaft is connected with spindle motor by shaft coupling.Described spindle motor and main spindle motor are all stepper motors.
The principle of work of a kind of small-sized hand-operated lathe of the present invention:
The processing request that small-sized hand-operated lathe apparatus of the present invention transmits according to control device, drive shaft and main screw turns respectively, wherein main lead screw transmission is delivered to knife rest by X-axis feed arrangement, carry its tools is movement fast in X-axis, as X-axis or Y direction microfeed need be realized, realize by the handle rotated on X-axis feed arrangement and Y-axis feed arrangement; The rotation of spindle motor, drive workpiece to rotate, make cutter turning workpiece to be machined, the shape designed in advance by processing staff carries out turnery processing.
Compared with prior art, the small-sized hand-operated lathe of one of the present invention has the following advantages:
Small size lathe compact conformation, compact, reliable and stable, simple to operate, price is also cheap, is particularly suitable for carrying out practical teaching to the student of colleges and universities' mechanical speciality, can allow student by oneself assembling to reach the object understanding lathe structure; This small-sized hand-operated lathe, can be used for classroom, the how various interior external gyrorotor molded surface such as processing excircles, endoporus, end face is demonstrated to student, make student more more directly perceived to the understanding of the working ability of lathe and the principle of work of lathe, promote that student's theory study and practice combine, reach better results of learning.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the present invention's small-sized hand-operated lathe apparatus one-piece construction schematic diagram;
The structure for amplifying schematic diagram of the Y-axis feed arrangement of the small-sized hand-operated lathe apparatus of Fig. 2 the present invention.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 gives the present invention's small-sized hand-operated lathe apparatus one-piece construction schematic diagram, by main spindle box 1, tailstock 6, knife rest 8, guide rail 3, base 15, splicing plate 10, lathe bed 5, described main spindle box 1 and tailstock 6 are arranged on the two ends, left and right of lathe bed 5 respectively, it is provided with base 15 below, described base 15 is provided with splicing plate 10 below, described lathe bed 5 is provided with guide rail 3, described guide rail 3 is connected with Y-axis feed arrangement 4 by guideway, described Y-axis feed arrangement 4 is provided with X-axis feed arrangement 7, described X-axis feed arrangement 7 is provided with knife rest 8, the side of described Y-axis feed arrangement 4 is connected with main leading screw 9 by screw thread, the right-hand member of described main leading screw 9 is connected on lathe bed 5 by bearing, and its left end is connected with main spindle motor 13 by shaft coupling 12, described main spindle box 1 is provided with main shaft 2, and one end of described main shaft 2 is connected with spindle motor 14 by shaft coupling.
Figure 2 shows that the structure of the Y-axis feed arrangement 4 of the small-sized hand-operated lathe apparatus of the present invention, Y-axis feed arrangement 4 is connected on guide rail by guideway, and to be connected with main leading screw 9 by screw thread and then to complete X-axis fast feed; Main spindle motor 13 and spindle motor 14 are all stepper motors, are connected respectively by shaft coupling with main shaft and main leading screw 9, and main spindle motor 1 is connected with main shaft 2, and main shaft 2 is connected by rolling bearing and bearing seat with main spindle box 1; Each stepper motor is supported by copper post, is directly connected with main shaft 2 with main leading screw 9 with shaft coupling 12.Each axle other end is all provided with handle 16, can carry out hand feed; Described X-axis Y-axis feed arrangement realizes the microfeed of X-axis and Y-axis respectively, and electric control gear is placed in the side of stepper motor, and travel switch 11 is placed in X-axis fast feed leading screw two ends, guarantees that each axle feeding is safe and reliable.The present invention provides power by spindle step rotation motor drive shaft, additionally by main leading screw stepper motor, and in conjunction with hand feed, and realizes the accurate location of lathe tool; Design feature of the present invention is that complete machine structure is simple and practical.
Main spindle box 1 of the present invention is made up of six pieces of rectangular plates and main shaft, main shaft is installed on cube casing that is made up of six blocks of sheet materials, both are connected by rolling bearing and bearing seat, main shaft tail end is directly connected with outer shaft stepper motor, realizes the adjustment to the speed of mainshaft by stepper motor speed governing; Described knife rest 8 is made up of cutter, tool fitting, and cutter is fastened on tool fitting by screw in compression, and knife rest 8 can do 360 ° of rotations; Described guide rail is made up of five pieces of rectangular plates, and in hat, in order to install main spindle box 1, tailstock 6 and X-axis, Y-axis feed arrangement and knife rest 8 on it, its side is in order to install the main leading screw 9 of X-axis quick traverse mechanism; Described feeding stepper motor is connected with main leading screw 9 by shaft coupling, clutch coupling, and is placed in main leading screw 9 near main spindle box 1 one end; Described part, except the axial workpieces such as each axle lead screw pair, bearing and shaft coupling, all the other all parts make by aluminium alloy, and most of part of lathe bed, main spindle box 1, tailstock 6 and knife rest 8 structure is rectangular plate, and are mostly symmetrical structure; Be screw between each structural member to connect, easy accessibility; Described electric control gear is placed in mechanical part feeding stepper motor side, and travel switch is placed in X-axis fast feed leading screw two ends, guarantees that each axle feeding is safe and reliable; All control sections are all installed in regulator cubicle, guarantee safety and convenient operation.
Adopt the similar structure that the above embodiment of the present invention is identical, the small-sized hand-operated lathe apparatus obtained, all within scope.Embodiment in the present invention, only for the present invention will be described, does not form the restriction to right, other substantial equivalent substituting, all in scope that those skilled in that art can expect.

Claims (2)

1. a small-sized hand-operated lathe, by main spindle box (1), tailstock (6), knife rest (8), guide rail (3), base (15), splicing plate (10), lathe bed (5), described main spindle box (1) and tailstock (6) are arranged on the two ends, left and right of lathe bed (5) respectively, it is provided with base (15) below, described base (15) is provided with splicing plate (10) below, it is characterized in that, described lathe bed (5) is provided with guide rail (3), described guide rail (3) is connected with Y-axis feed arrangement (4) by guideway, described (Y) axle feed arrangement (4) is provided with X-axis feed arrangement (7), described X-axis feed arrangement (7) is provided with knife rest (8), the side of described Y-axis feed arrangement (4) is connected with main leading screw (9) by screw thread, the right-hand member of described main leading screw (9) is connected on lathe bed (5) by bearing, and its left end is connected with main spindle motor (13) by shaft coupling (12), described main spindle box (1) is provided with main shaft (2), and one end of described main shaft (2) is connected with spindle motor (14) by shaft coupling.
2. small-sized hand-operated lathe according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described spindle motor (14) and main spindle motor (13) are all stepper motors.
CN201410365061.8A 2014-07-29 2014-07-29 Miniature manually-operated lathe Pending CN104485048A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410365061.8A CN104485048A (en) 2014-07-29 2014-07-29 Miniature manually-operated lathe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410365061.8A CN104485048A (en) 2014-07-29 2014-07-29 Miniature manually-operated lathe

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104485048A true CN104485048A (en) 2015-04-01

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CN201410365061.8A Pending CN104485048A (en) 2014-07-29 2014-07-29 Miniature manually-operated lathe

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104841952A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-08-19 广西大学 Small lathe

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201186384Y (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-01-28 上海第二工业大学 Multifunctional miniature numerical control machine tool
CN201482983U (en) * 2009-09-03 2010-05-26 伊洪良 Minisize lathe
CN102166791A (en) * 2011-01-25 2011-08-31 林敏华 Silicon rod multi-wire cutting machine guide wheel slotting one-time molding combined machine tool and application thereof
CN202025476U (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-11-02 浙江天煌科技实业有限公司 Novel dismountable, adjustable and maintainable numerical control teaching lathe
CN203426451U (en) * 2013-05-30 2014-02-12 湖北省鄂州市天元砂辊有限责任公司 Novel cylindrical machine tool
WO2014054104A1 (en) * 2012-10-01 2014-04-10 ヤマザキマザック 株式会社 Machine tool

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201186384Y (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-01-28 上海第二工业大学 Multifunctional miniature numerical control machine tool
CN201482983U (en) * 2009-09-03 2010-05-26 伊洪良 Minisize lathe
CN102166791A (en) * 2011-01-25 2011-08-31 林敏华 Silicon rod multi-wire cutting machine guide wheel slotting one-time molding combined machine tool and application thereof
CN202025476U (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-11-02 浙江天煌科技实业有限公司 Novel dismountable, adjustable and maintainable numerical control teaching lathe
WO2014054104A1 (en) * 2012-10-01 2014-04-10 ヤマザキマザック 株式会社 Machine tool
CN203426451U (en) * 2013-05-30 2014-02-12 湖北省鄂州市天元砂辊有限责任公司 Novel cylindrical machine tool

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104841952A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-08-19 广西大学 Small lathe

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Application publication date: 20150401