CN104482611A - Cooling/warming air conditioner - Google Patents

Cooling/warming air conditioner Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104482611A
CN104482611A CN201410687900.8A CN201410687900A CN104482611A CN 104482611 A CN104482611 A CN 104482611A CN 201410687900 A CN201410687900 A CN 201410687900A CN 104482611 A CN104482611 A CN 104482611A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
port
heat exchanger
electric control
radiating
refrigerant flow
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410687900.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩宇
李金波
陈明瑜
曾祥兵
Original Assignee
广东美的制冷设备有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 filed Critical 广东美的制冷设备有限公司
Priority to CN201410687900.8A priority Critical patent/CN104482611A/en
Publication of CN104482611A publication Critical patent/CN104482611A/en

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0003Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station characterised by a split arrangement, wherein parts of the air-conditioning system, e.g. evaporator and condenser, are in separately located units
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/06Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger
    • F24F1/20Electric components for separate outdoor units
    • F24F1/24Cooling of electric components
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/06Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger
    • F24F1/26Refrigerant piping
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements
    • F25B41/20Disposition of valves, e.g. of on-off valves or flow control valves

Abstract

The invention discloses a cooling/warming air conditioner which comprises a compressor, a reversing assembly, an outdoor heat exchanger, an indoor heat exchanger, a throttling element, a first refrigerant flowing channel and a second refrigerant flowing channel which are connected in parallel, an electric control radiator assembly, a first one-way valve and a second one-way valve. The compressor, the reversing assembly, the throttling element and the indoor heat exchanger are connected to form a closed loop system. The first refrigerant flowing channel and the second refrigerant flowing channel are connected between the outdoor heat exchanger and the throttling element in series respectively. The electric control heat radiator assembly comprises an electric control element and a radiating assembly connected onto the first refrigerant flowing channel in series. The first one-way valve is connected onto the first refrigerant flowing channel in series to be opened in one way during refrigeration, and the second one-way valve is connected onto the second refrigerant flowing channel in series to be opened during heating. A refrigerant can be utilized to dissipate heat of the electric control radiator assembly to further improve the working performance of the electric control element. Excessive cooling of the electric control element is avoided, and condensate water is prevented from being produced on the electric control radiator assembly.

Description

Heating and air conditioner
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of household appliances, especially relate to a kind of heating and air conditioner.
Background technology
Along with the development of air-conditioning technical, the caloric value of the electric-controlled parts of air-conditioner increases gradually.In air-conditioner disclosed in correlation technique, most of electric-controlled parts completes heat radiation by fin by cross-ventilation, but radiating effect is poor in high temperature environments.
For convertible frequency air-conditioner, the common way of producer reduces the operating frequency of compressor to reduce the caloric value of electric-controlled parts, to maintain the normal operation of air-conditioner.This mode have impact on the refrigeration of air-conditioner when hot environment, also just have impact on the comfortableness that user uses.
Correlation technique discloses a kind of air-conditioner adopting low temperature refrigerant to dispel the heat to electric-controlled parts, but these air-conditioners all have that electric-controlled parts temperature falls too low, even produce condensation water problem, have impact on reliability and security that electric-controlled parts uses.
Excessive, generation condensation water problem of lowering the temperature is there is in the employing low temperature refrigerant in correlation technique to the air-conditioner that electric-controlled parts dispels the heat.Inventor is through research discovery, and the reason of the condensation water that causes lowering the temperature excessively, produces is, air-conditioner refrigerant when heating is excessive to electric-controlled parts heat radiation.For this reason, the present invention aims to provide a kind of heating and air conditioner, and this heating and air conditioner refrigerant when freezing dispels the heat to electric radiator assembly, and avoids refrigerant to electric control element excessive drop temperature when heating.
According to the heating and air conditioner of the embodiment of the present invention, comprising: compressor, described compressor has exhaust outlet and gas returning port; Commutation assembly, described commutation assembly has the first port to the 4th port, described first port is communicated with one of them in described 3rd port with described second port, described 4th port and described second port are communicated with another in described 3rd port, described first port is connected with described exhaust outlet, and described 4th port is connected with described gas returning port; Outdoor heat exchanger and indoor heat exchanger, the first end of described outdoor heat exchanger is connected with described second port, the first end of described indoor heat exchanger is connected with described 3rd port, is in series with restricting element between the second end of described outdoor heat exchanger and the second end of described indoor heat exchanger; The first refrigerant flow be connected in parallel and the second refrigerant flow, described first refrigerant flow and described second refrigerant flow are connected between the second end of described outdoor heat exchanger and described restricting element respectively; Electric radiator assembly, described electric radiator assembly comprises electric control element and the radiating subassembly for dispelling the heat to described electric control element, and described radiating subassembly is connected on described first refrigerant flow; First check valve and the second check valve, described first check valve to be connected on described first refrigerant flow and on the direction from the second end of described outdoor heat exchanger to described radiating subassembly one-way conduction, described second check valve to be connected on described second refrigerant flow and from described restricting element to one-way conduction on the direction of the second end of described outdoor heat exchanger.
According to the heating and air conditioner of the embodiment of the present invention, by arranging the first refrigerant flow and the second refrigerant flow that are connected in parallel between outdoor heat exchanger and restricting element, radiating subassembly in electric radiator assembly is connected on the first refrigerant flow, and the first refrigerant flow and the second refrigerant flow are respectively equipped with the first check valve and the second check valve, during to make kind of refrigeration cycle, refrigerant all flows through the first refrigerant flow, thus electric radiator assembly is dispelled the heat, and then improve the service behaviour of electric control element.And refrigerant is carrying out heating the not conducting of circulation time first refrigerant flow, thus avoid refrigerant to electric control element excessive drop temperature, prevent from electric radiator assembly produces condensed water, and then ensure the reliability of electric control element.
Alternatively, described first check valve is connected between described outdoor heat exchanger and described radiating subassembly.
In certain embodiments, described radiating subassembly is positioned at the below of described electric control element and contacts with described electric control element.Thus, radiating subassembly can support electric control element, avoids electric control element stress deformation or damage, and radiating subassembly contacts the heat that can ensure electric control element and is passed to radiating subassembly as much as possible and sentences heat radiation with electric control element, improve the radiating efficiency of electric control element.
Particularly, described radiating subassembly comprises: radiating tube, and described radiating tube is connected on described first refrigerant flow; Radiation shell, described radiating tube is located on described radiation shell, and described radiation shell contacts with described electric control element and is used for dispelling the heat to described electric control element.Wherein, the setting of radiating tube ensure that refrigerant can flow through radiating subassembly with radiating subassembly heat exchange, the setting of radiation shell is used for fixing radiating tube and for heat transfer.
More specifically, described radiation shell comprises: heat-radiating substrate, and described heat-radiating substrate contacts with described electric control element; Fixed dam, described fixed dam is located on described heat-radiating substrate, limits the spatial accommodation for holding described radiating tube between described fixed dam and described heat-radiating substrate.Wherein, fixed dam is for supporting radiating tube, and heat-radiating substrate coordinates to fix, protect radiating tube with fixed dam, and facilitates the assembling of radiating tube and radiation shell.
Alternatively, the two ends of described radiating tube extend from the opposing sidewalls of described radiation shell to be connected on described first refrigerant flow respectively.
Alternatively, the two ends of described radiating tube stretch out to be connected on described first refrigerant flow from the same side of radiation shell respectively.
Alternatively, described radiating tube comprises two pipelines be arranged in parallel, and the end of the both sides of described two pipelines is connected on described first refrigerant flow respectively by three-way pipe.
Advantageously, the shape of described spatial accommodation is identical with the shape of described radiating tube.Thus be convenient to the installation location of radiating tube.
Preferably, described commutation assembly is cross valve.Thus, commutation assembly volume is little, cost is lower, and commutation function is stable, reliable.
Additional aspect of the present invention and advantage will part provide in the following description, and part will become obvious from the following description, or be recognized by practice of the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The application makes the discovery of the following fact and problem and understanding based on inventor:
Accompanying drawing explanation
Above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the present invention and advantage will become obvious and easy understand from accompanying drawing below combining to the description of embodiment, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the heating and air conditioner according to the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of electric radiator assembly according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of electric radiator assembly in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numeral:
Heating and air conditioner 10,
Compressor 1, exhaust outlet a, gas returning port b,
Commutation assembly 2, cross valve 21, first port c, the second port d, the 3rd port e, the 4th port f,
The first end g of outdoor heat exchanger 3, outdoor heat exchanger, the second end i of outdoor heat exchanger,
The first end h of indoor heat exchanger 4, indoor heat exchanger, the second end j of indoor heat exchanger,
Restricting element 5,
First refrigerant flow L1, the second refrigerant flow L2,
Electric radiator assembly 6, radiating subassembly 61, radiating tube 611, radiation shell 612, heat-radiating substrate 6121, fixed dam 6122, electric control element 62, pcb board 621, power device 622, spatial accommodation V, upper groove v1, low groove v2,
First check valve 7, second check valve 8.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described below in detail embodiments of the invention, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein same or similar label represents same or similar element or has element that is identical or similar functions from start to finish.Be exemplary below by the embodiment be described with reference to the drawings, be intended to for explaining the present invention, and can not limitation of the present invention be interpreted as.
Below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, the heating and air conditioner 10 according to the embodiment of the present invention is described.
According to the heating and air conditioner 10 of the embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, comprising: compressor 1, commutation assembly 2, outdoor heat exchanger 3, indoor heat exchanger 4, the first refrigerant flow L1 be connected in parallel and the second refrigerant flow L2, electric radiator assembly 6, first check valve 7 and the second check valve 8.
Wherein, compressor 1 has exhaust outlet a and gas returning port b, and compressor 1 compresses for the refrigerant flowed into by gas returning port b, forms HTHP cold media gas and discharge from exhaust outlet a after refrigerant compression.Commutation assembly 2 has the first port c to the 4th port f, first port c is communicated with one of them in the 3rd port e with the second port d, 4th port f and the second port d are communicated with another in the 3rd port e, and the first port c is connected with exhaust outlet a, and the 4th port f is connected with gas returning port b.That is, commutation assembly 2 has two kinds of conducting states, a kind of conducting state is the first port c and the second port d conducting and the 3rd port e and the 4th port f conducting, and another kind of conducting state is the first port c and the 3rd port e conducting and the second port d and the 4th port f conducting.The first end g of outdoor heat exchanger 3 is connected with the second port d, and the first end h of indoor heat exchanger 4 is connected with the 3rd port e, is in series with restricting element 5 between the second end i of outdoor heat exchanger 3 and the second end j of indoor heat exchanger 4.
Particularly, compressor 1, commutation assembly 2, outdoor heat exchanger 3, indoor heat exchanger 4 and restricting element 5 limit for the refrigerant that circulates kind of refrigeration cycle passage and heat circulation canal, namely heating and air conditioner 10 has refrigeration and the function that heats.
When indoor environment needs cooling, commutation assembly 2 controls the first port c and the second port d conducting, and the 3rd port e and the 4th port f conducting, compressor 1, commutation assembly 2, outdoor heat exchanger 3, indoor heat exchanger 4 and restricting element 5 form the kind of refrigeration cycle passage of refrigerant.In kind of refrigeration cycle passage, refrigerant flows to as shown in arrow A in Fig. 1, refrigerant is discharged from exhaust outlet a after being compressed into HTHP cold media gas by compressor 1, the refrigerant of discharging flows to outdoor heat exchanger 3 from commutation assembly 2, HTHP cold media gas is condensation heat release in outdoor heat exchanger 3, refrigerant in outdoor heat exchanger 3 flows to restricting element 5 again with reducing pressure by regulating flow, the refrigerant flowed out from restricting element 5 flows to indoor heat exchanger 4 again with the cold media gas of evaporation endothermic formation low-temp low-pressure, thus room air is freezed, refrigerant in last indoor heat exchanger 4 flows back to the gas returning port b of compressor 1 again by commutation assembly 2.
When indoor environment needs to heat up, commutation assembly 2 controls the first port c and the 3rd port e conducting, and the second port d and the 4th port f conducting, what compressor 1, commutation assembly 2, outdoor heat exchanger 3, indoor heat exchanger 4 and restricting element 5 formed refrigerant heats circulation canal.Heating in circulation canal, refrigerant flows to as indicated by arrow b of figure, refrigerant is discharged from exhaust outlet a after being compressed into HTHP cold media gas by compressor 1, the refrigerant of discharging flows to indoor heat exchanger 4 from commutation assembly 2, HTHP cold media gas is condensation heat release in indoor heat exchanger 4, thus room air is heated, refrigerant in indoor heat exchanger 4 flows to restricting element 5 again with reducing pressure by regulating flow, the refrigerant flowed out from restricting element 5 flows to outdoor heat exchanger 3 again with the cold media gas of evaporation endothermic formation low-temp low-pressure, refrigerant in outdoor heat exchanger 3 flows back to the gas returning port b of compressor 1 again by commutation assembly 2.
Preferably, because the application technology of cross valve 21 in air-conditioning equipment is comparatively ripe, and the volume of cross valve 21 is little, cost is lower, and commutation function is stable, reliable, and cross valve 21 selected by the assembly 2 that therefore commutates.Certainly, the present invention is not limited thereto, such as, commutation assembly 2 also to can be disclosed in prior art by multiple control valve also, valve member in series, do not do concrete restriction here.Alternatively, restricting element 5 is capillary, and thus, restricting element 5 cost is lower, and installation site is more flexible.
It should be noted that, the structure, principle etc. of compressor 1, cross valve 21, outdoor heat exchanger 3, indoor heat exchanger 4 and restricting element 5 are prior art, are just not described in detail here.
With reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, the first refrigerant flow L1 and the second refrigerant flow L2 is connected between the second end i of outdoor heat exchanger 3 and restricting element 5 respectively.Electric radiator assembly 6 comprises electric control element 62 and the radiating subassembly 61 for dispelling the heat to electric control element 62, radiating subassembly 61 is connected on the first refrigerant flow L1, first check valve 7 to be connected on the first refrigerant flow L1 and at the second end i of heat exchanger 3 outdoor to one-way conduction on the direction of radiating subassembly 61, the second check valve 8 to be connected on the second refrigerant flow L2 and on the direction of the second end i from restricting element 5 to outdoor heat exchanger 3 one-way conduction.Alternatively, as shown in Figure 1, the first check valve 7 is connected between outdoor heat exchanger 3 and radiating subassembly 61.
That is, refrigerant circulation duct between second end i of outdoor heat exchanger 3 and restricting element 5 is divided into two branch roads in parallel by three-way pipe, wherein a branch road is the first refrigerant flow L1, radiating subassembly 61 due to electric radiator assembly 6 is connected on the first refrigerant flow L1, therefore, the refrigerant flowing through the first refrigerant flow L1 can carry out heat exchange with radiating subassembly 61.Due to the first check valve 7 that the first refrigerant flow L1 has connected, and the second check valve 8 that the second refrigerant flow L2 has connected, therefore, refrigerant in first refrigerant flow L1 and the second refrigerant flow L2 can only one-way flow, wherein, first refrigerant flow L1 conducting and not conducting when heating when heating and air conditioner 10 is freezed, namely the first refrigerant flow L1 is included in the kind of refrigeration cycle passage of refrigerant, second refrigerant flow L2 when heating and air conditioner 10 heats conducting and refrigeration time not conducting, namely the second refrigerant flow L2 is included in heating in circulation canal of refrigerant.
Specifically, when heating and air conditioner 10 is freezed, refrigerant flows to as shown in arrow A in Fig. 1, after compressor 1 runs, the refrigerant that compressor 1 is discharged first dispels the heat through outdoor heat exchanger 3, heat radiation after refrigerant temperature drop to close to or a little more than outdoor environment temperature, due to the first check valve 7 conducting on kind of refrigeration cycle direction, second check valve 8 not conducting, therefore the refrigerant that outdoor heat exchanger 3 is discharged all flows to the first refrigerant flow L1, refrigerant in first refrigerant flow L1 absorbs heat when flowing through radiating subassembly 61, thus cooling is carried out to electric control element 62, refrigerant afterwards in the first refrigerant flow L1 flows to indoor heat exchanger 4 through restricting element 5 again and absorbs heat.And because the second check valve 8 not conducting is to ensure that refrigerant all flows to the first refrigerant flow L1, cold medium flux is comparatively large, thus the first refrigerant flow L1 can reach the object of lowering the temperature to electric control element 62 preferably.
When heating and air conditioner 10 heats, refrigerant flows to as indicated by arrow b of figure, after compressor 1 runs, owing to heating the first check valve 7 not conducting on loop direction, the second check valve 8 conducting, therefore the refrigerant that restricting element 5 is discharged all flows to the second refrigerant flow L2, avoid the excessive drop temperature to electric control element 62, also prevent the generation of condensed water on electric radiator assembly 6, thus ensure that the reliability of electric control element 62.Afterwards, the refrigerant in the second refrigerant flow L2 flows to outdoor heat exchanger 3 and absorbs heat.
It should be noted that, the electric control element 62 in electric radiator assembly 6 can be the control assembly of any needs heat radiation in heating and air conditioner 10, does not do concrete restriction here.When environment temperature is higher, heating and air conditioner 10 needs refrigeration usually, under hot environment, radiating subassembly 61 is not good by the radiating effect of natural convection air, therefore radiating subassembly 61 is connected on the first refrigerant flow L1, the radiating effect of electric control element 62 can be improved, ensure electric control element 62 functional reliability in high temperature environments.And when the temperature of the surroundings is low, heating and air conditioner 10 needs to heat usually, and under low temperature environment, radiating subassembly 61 just can reach good radiating effect by natural convection air, therefore, when heating and air conditioner 10 heats, refrigerant can not carry out forced heat radiation to radiating subassembly 61.
In a concrete example, heating and air conditioner 10 is transducer air conditioning, electric control element 62 in electric radiator assembly 6 is outdoor automatically controlled frequency-variable module, by being connected on the first refrigerant flow L1 by the radiating subassembly 61 of automatically controlled for outdoor frequency-variable module, solve the heat dissipation problem of outdoor automatically controlled frequency-variable module well.
And inventor finds through experiment, under same service condition, radiating subassembly 61 to be connected on the first refrigerant flow L1 for not being connected on the first refrigerant flow L1, the temperature of outdoor automatically controlled frequency-variable module can reduce by more than 15 DEG C, the frequency of compressor 1 hot operation can improve 20HZ, the comparable common frequency changer of high-temperature refrigeration amount during outdoor temperature more than 35 DEG C improves more than 10%, and high-temperature refrigeration amount during outdoor temperature more than 45 degree can improve more than 20%.It can thus be appreciated that after the radiating effect raising of electric control element 62, electric control element 62 service behaviour in high temperature environments promotes greatly.
According to the heating and air conditioner 10 of the embodiment of the present invention, by arranging the first refrigerant flow L1 and the second refrigerant flow L2 that are connected in parallel between outdoor heat exchanger 3 and restricting element 5, radiating subassembly 61 in electric radiator assembly 6 is connected on the first refrigerant flow L1, and the first refrigerant flow L1 and the second refrigerant flow L2 is respectively equipped with the first check valve 7 and the second check valve 8, during to make kind of refrigeration cycle, refrigerant all flows through the first refrigerant flow L1, thus electric radiator assembly 6 is dispelled the heat, and then improve the service behaviour of electric control element 62.And refrigerant is carrying out heating circulation time first refrigerant flow L1 not conducting, thus avoid refrigerant to electric control element 62 excessive drop temperature, prevent from electric radiator assembly 6 produces condensed water, and then ensure the reliability of electric control element 62.
In certain embodiments, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, radiating subassembly 61 is positioned at the below of electric control element 62 and contacts with electric control element 62, like this, radiating subassembly 61 can support electric control element 62, avoid electric control element 62 stress deformation or damage, radiating subassembly 61 contacts the heat that can ensure electric control element 62 and is passed to radiating subassembly 61 as much as possible and sentences heat radiation with electric control element 62, improve the radiating efficiency of electric control element 62.
Particularly, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, radiating subassembly 61 comprises: radiating tube 611 and radiation shell 612, and radiating tube 611 is connected on the first refrigerant flow L1, radiating tube 611 is located on radiation shell 612, and radiation shell 612 contacts with electric control element 62 and is used for dispelling the heat to electric control element 62.Here, the setting of radiating tube 611 ensure that refrigerant can flow through radiating subassembly 61 with radiating subassembly 61 heat exchange, the setting of radiation shell 612 is used for fixing radiating tube 611 and for heat transfer.
More specifically, radiation shell 612 comprises heat-radiating substrate 6121 and fixed dam 6122, heat-radiating substrate 6121 contacts with electric control element 62, and fixed dam 6122 is located on heat-radiating substrate 6121, limits the spatial accommodation V for holding radiating tube 611 between fixed dam 6122 and heat-radiating substrate 6121.Here, fixed dam 6122 is for supporting radiating tube 611, and heat-radiating substrate 6121 coordinates to fix, protect radiating tube 611 with fixed dam 6122, and facilitates the assembling of radiating tube 611 and radiation shell 612.Wherein, heat-radiating substrate 6121 contacts with electric control element 62, and the heat of electric control element 62 is directly passed to radiating tube 611 place by heat-radiating substrate 6121, thus ensures that electric control element 62 dispels the heat well.
Advantageously, the shape of spatial accommodation V is identical with the shape of radiating tube 611, thus is convenient to the installation location of radiating tube 611.And, when the cross-sectional area of spatial accommodation V is equal with the cross-sectional area of the corresponding position of radiating tube 611, thus form face closely between radiating tube 611 and the internal perisporium of spatial accommodation V and contact and coordinate, thus ensure that the heat-transfer effect between radiation shell 612 and radiating tube 611 is good.
Such as, in the example of Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the single pipe of radiating tube 611 is round tube, therefore the shape of the cross section of spatial accommodation V is also circular, wherein, the lower surface of heat-radiating substrate 6121 is provided with the semicircular upper groove v1 to being recessed on, and the upper surface of fixed dam 6122 is provided with corresponding recessed semicircular low groove v2 downwards, and upper groove v1 and low groove v2 forms the spatial accommodation V of clamping radiating tube 611.Certainly, when the cross section of radiating tube 611 is other shapes, the shape of spatial accommodation V also changes thereupon.
Alternatively, radiating tube 611 is copper pipe, and thus, the thermal conductivity of radiating tube 611 is good, is convenient to refrigerant and carries out heat exchange by the tube wall of radiating tube 611 and outside.
Further, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, electric control element 62 comprises pcb board 621 and power device 622, and power device 622 is located on pcb board 621, and wherein, the type of power device 622 does not do concrete restriction, and such as, power device 622 can be electric capacity, resistance etc.Power device 622 is the main heater element of electric control element 62, and power device 622 is connected on radiation shell 612, thus reaches the good object of power device 622 radiating effect.
Alternatively, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, power device 622 is located on heat-radiating substrate 6121, and power device 622 is positioned at the top of radiating tube 611, even power device 622 is positioned at directly over radiating tube 611, thus, the heat dissipation path between radiating tube 611 and power device 622 is short, and the radiating effect of power device 622 is better.
Here, according to the heat radiation needs of electric control element 62, arranging of radiating tube 611 is various informative, does not do concrete restriction here.
In some instances, the two ends of radiating tube 611 can extend from the opposing sidewalls of radiation shell 612 to be connected on the first refrigerant flow L1 respectively, that is, as shown in Figure 3, radiating tube 611 is single pipe, and the two ends of this radiating tube 611 are stretched out from the opposing sidewalls of radiation shell 612 respectively.
In other examples, the two ends of radiating tube 611 stretch out to be connected on the first refrigerant flow L1 from the same side of radiation shell 612 respectively, that is, radiating tube 611 is veneer pipe, one end of radiating tube 611 is positioned at a side-walls of radiation shell 612, the other end of radiating tube 611 stretches into bending after in radiation shell 612 and stretches out from this side-walls of radiation shell 612, and such as radiating tube 611 can be " U " shape pipe.
In some instances, as shown in Figure 2, radiating tube 611 comprises two pipelines be arranged in parallel, and the end of the both sides of two pipelines is connected on the first refrigerant flow L1 respectively by three-way pipe (scheming not shown).That is, radiating tube 611 can comprise two arms, and the two ends of two arms connect respectively by three-way pipe, and each three-way pipe is connected in series on the first refrigerant flow L1 again.
Certainly, radiating tube 611 also can comprise many arms, and the path that every root arm is arranged in radiation shell 612 can be arranged according to the position of power device 622 on electric control element 62, does not do concrete restriction here.
According to the heating and air conditioner 10 of the embodiment of the present invention, by the radiating subassembly 61 of electric radiator assembly 6 is connected on the kind of refrigeration cycle passage of refrigerant, to make refrigerant carry out cooling to radiating subassembly 61, thus improve radiating effect and the service behaviour of electric control element 62.When heating and air conditioner 10 heats, refrigerant does not dispel the heat to radiating subassembly 61, thus avoids refrigerant to electric control element 62 excessive drop temperature, prevents the generation of condensed water on electric radiator assembly 6, and then ensures the functional reliability of electric control element 62.By radiation shell 612 and radiating tube 611 will be arranged in radiating subassembly 61, radiating tube 611 is communicated with on the kind of refrigeration cycle passage of refrigerant, radiation shell 612 is for being fixed radiating tube 611, conducting heat, electric control element 62 directly contacts with radiation shell 612, thus radiating subassembly 61 structure is simple, the radiating effect of electric control element 62 is good.
In addition, term " first ", " second " only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance or imply the quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, be limited with " first ", the feature of " second " can express or impliedly comprise one or more these features.In describing the invention, except as otherwise noted, the implication of " multiple " is two or more.
In describing the invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is connected ", " connection ", " fixing " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or integral; Can be mechanical connection, also can be electrical connection; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals or the interaction relationship of two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, concrete condition above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention can be understood.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, fisrt feature second feature it " on " or D score can comprise the first and second features and directly contact, also can comprise the first and second features and not be directly contact but by the other characterisation contact between them.And, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " comprise fisrt feature directly over second feature and oblique upper, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature second feature " under ", " below " and " below " comprise fisrt feature immediately below second feature and tiltedly below, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.
In the description of this description, specific features, structure, material or feature that the description of reference term " some embodiments ", " example ", " concrete example " or " some examples " etc. means to describe in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one embodiment of the present invention or example.In this manual, identical embodiment or example are not necessarily referred to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term.And the specific features of description, structure, material or feature can combine in an appropriate manner in any one or more embodiment or example.
Although illustrate and describe embodiments of the invention, those having ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: can carry out multiple change, amendment, replacement and modification to these embodiments when not departing from principle of the present invention and aim, scope of the present invention is by claim and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. a heating and air conditioner, is characterized in that, comprising:
Compressor, described compressor has exhaust outlet and gas returning port;
Commutation assembly, described commutation assembly has the first port to the 4th port, described first port is communicated with one of them in described 3rd port with described second port, described 4th port and described second port are communicated with another in described 3rd port, described first port is connected with described exhaust outlet, and described 4th port is connected with described gas returning port;
Outdoor heat exchanger and indoor heat exchanger, the first end of described outdoor heat exchanger is connected with described second port, the first end of described indoor heat exchanger is connected with described 3rd port, is in series with restricting element between the second end of described outdoor heat exchanger and the second end of described indoor heat exchanger;
The first refrigerant flow be connected in parallel and the second refrigerant flow, described first refrigerant flow and described second refrigerant flow are connected between the second end of described outdoor heat exchanger and described restricting element respectively;
Electric radiator assembly, described electric radiator assembly comprises electric control element and the radiating subassembly for dispelling the heat to described electric control element, and described radiating subassembly is connected on described first refrigerant flow;
First check valve and the second check valve, described first check valve to be connected on described first refrigerant flow and on the direction from the second end of described outdoor heat exchanger to described radiating subassembly one-way conduction, described second check valve to be connected on described second refrigerant flow and from described restricting element to one-way conduction on the direction of the second end of described outdoor heat exchanger.
2. heating and air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described first check valve is connected between described outdoor heat exchanger and described radiating subassembly.
3. heating and air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described radiating subassembly is positioned at the below of described electric control element and contacts with described electric control element.
4. heating and air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described radiating subassembly comprises:
Radiating tube, described radiating tube is connected on described first refrigerant flow;
Radiation shell, described radiating tube is located on described radiation shell, and described radiation shell contacts with described electric control element and is used for dispelling the heat to described electric control element.
5. heating and air conditioner according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described radiation shell comprises:
Heat-radiating substrate, described heat-radiating substrate contacts with described electric control element;
Fixed dam, described fixed dam is located on described heat-radiating substrate, limits the spatial accommodation for holding described radiating tube between described fixed dam and described heat-radiating substrate.
6. heating and air conditioner according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the two ends of described radiating tube extend from the opposing sidewalls of described radiation shell to be connected on described first refrigerant flow respectively.
7. heating and air conditioner according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the two ends of described radiating tube stretch out to be connected on described first refrigerant flow from the same side of radiation shell respectively.
8. heating and air conditioner according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described radiating tube comprises two pipelines be arranged in parallel, and the end of the both sides of described two pipelines is connected on described first refrigerant flow respectively by three-way pipe.
9. heating and air conditioner according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the shape of described spatial accommodation is identical with the shape of described radiating tube.
10. heating and air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described commutation assembly is cross valve.
CN201410687900.8A 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Cooling/warming air conditioner CN104482611A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410687900.8A CN104482611A (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Cooling/warming air conditioner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410687900.8A CN104482611A (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Cooling/warming air conditioner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104482611A true CN104482611A (en) 2015-04-01

Family

ID=52757183

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410687900.8A CN104482611A (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Cooling/warming air conditioner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104482611A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104896587A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-09 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner
CN104949203A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-30 芜湖美智空调设备有限公司 Air conditioner
CN107228455A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-10-03 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of air conditioner and control method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2497209Y (en) * 2001-07-09 2002-06-26 广东科龙电器股份有限公司 Air conditioner having heat-absorpting device in electric appliance box
JP2009281602A (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-12-03 Daikin Ind Ltd Heat pump device
CN102066849A (en) * 2008-07-24 2011-05-18 大金工业株式会社 Air conditioner
JP2013213662A (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-10-17 Daikin Industries Ltd Attachment structure of refrigerant pipeline
CN103604170A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-26 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Heating and cooling air conditioner
CN203671793U (en) * 2014-01-01 2014-06-25 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner
CN204313414U (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-05-06 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Heating and air conditioner

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2497209Y (en) * 2001-07-09 2002-06-26 广东科龙电器股份有限公司 Air conditioner having heat-absorpting device in electric appliance box
JP2009281602A (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-12-03 Daikin Ind Ltd Heat pump device
CN102066849A (en) * 2008-07-24 2011-05-18 大金工业株式会社 Air conditioner
JP2013213662A (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-10-17 Daikin Industries Ltd Attachment structure of refrigerant pipeline
CN103604170A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-26 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Heating and cooling air conditioner
CN203671793U (en) * 2014-01-01 2014-06-25 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner
CN204313414U (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-05-06 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Heating and air conditioner

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104896587A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-09 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner
CN104896587B (en) * 2015-05-27 2018-01-09 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner
CN104949203A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-30 芜湖美智空调设备有限公司 Air conditioner
CN104949203B (en) * 2015-06-15 2017-12-19 芜湖美智空调设备有限公司 Air conditioner
CN107228455A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-10-03 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of air conditioner and control method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105115065B (en) The control method of air conditioner
JP5327308B2 (en) Hot water supply air conditioning system
CN101297167B (en) Supercooler, steam compression system and supercooling method
CN106524389B (en) Air conditioner defrosting method and air conditioner
CN204963286U (en) Changes in temperature type air conditioning system and single cold mould air conditioning system
CN202692529U (en) Heat-pump air-conditioning system
KR101980710B1 (en) Air conditioner
CN104896785A (en) Enhanced vapor injection multi-online air conditioning system and control method thereof
CN102480213B (en) Heat radiating device, frequency converter comprising same and frequency-variable air conditioner
CN101588705B (en) Machine cabinet and temperature control system thereof
CN1731041B (en) Compression type refrigerating, heating apparatus and heat pump water heater combined set
US7028490B2 (en) Water-heating dehumidifier
CN103604169B (en) Heating and cooling air conditioner
CN106183789A (en) A kind of whole electric vehicle heat management system and control method thereof
JP4229881B2 (en) Heat pump system
CN205037475U (en) Changes in temperature type air conditioning system and single cold mould air conditioning system
CN203964454U (en) A kind of pure electric automobile heat pump type air conditioning system and pure electric automobile
CN204329389U (en) Air-conditioner
CN104596142A (en) Air conditioner and control method thereof
CN203757884U (en) Outdoor unit and refrigeration cycling device
KR100496895B1 (en) Heat pump type cooling and heating by subterranean heat
CN203810826U (en) Refrigerator
CN204963284U (en) Changes in temperature type air conditioning system and single cold mould air conditioning system
CN104534576A (en) Air conditioner
CN104321600A (en) System and method for cooling power electronics using heat sinks

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20150401

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication