CN104480489B - A kind of train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN104480489B
CN104480489B CN201510001724.2A CN201510001724A CN104480489B CN 104480489 B CN104480489 B CN 104480489B CN 201510001724 A CN201510001724 A CN 201510001724A CN 104480489 B CN104480489 B CN 104480489B
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sodium
efficiency
abluent
friendly
mass fraction
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CN201510001724.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104480489A (en
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胡砚韬
胡瑾环
朱沛华
熊慧敏
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麻城市天安纳米化工材料有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent, composed of the following components, the percentage by weight of each component is: compound organic sequestering agent 10~15%, surfactant 35~45%, corrosion inhibiter 5~8%, cleaning additive 8~14%, dehydrated alcohol 3~5%, surplus is deionized water;Described corrosion inhibiter is made up of than 13~17:28~32:53~57 according to mass fraction hexamethylenamine, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and BTA.Invention also provides the preparation method of this cleaning machine, the train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent of the present invention does not injure car body surface, and cleaning efficiency is high simultaneously, and extension rate is high, can dilute 20~30 times with tap water, reduce use cost during normal use.

Description

A kind of train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent and preparation method thereof, belong to chemical preparation field.
Background technology
Along with the development of economic society, rail transit train has become the main traffic instrument of society, as various Motor train unit train, subway (containing light rail) train, the vehicle external surface of magnetic suspension train clean and the cleaning of vehicle interior trim panel Deng, train outer surface of car body in running is highly prone to pollute, and such as animal organisms, takes up during train operation Sand dust, carbon dust that pantograph and wheel-rail friction produce and metal ion, oxide, birds bloodstain albumen, greasy dirt etc. because of time Between the multiple dirt of impact of factor be often combined together to form mixed dirt, car body surface pollutes and is usually expressed as overall change Huang, locally macula lutea and strip current mark etc.;Clean and difficulty.
In the market for the neutral cleaners of train outer surface, although car body surface paint, car body base material will not be made Becoming damage, but cleaning performance does not reaches requirement, cleaning speed is slow.And acid or alkaline cleaner, although clean and have necessarily Effect, but these abluents also result in damage to Train surface paint, car body base material while cleaning.And major part All there is phosphate contamination in abluent.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent and preparation method thereof, Abluent is to car body surface not damaged, and cleaning speed is fast, effective simultaneously, and concentrating degree is high, fully makes after dilution With can be cost-effective.
The present invention solves that its technical problem be the technical scheme is that and provide a kind of train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent, Composed of the following components, the percentage by weight of each component is: compound organic sequestering agent 10~15%, surfactant 35~ 45%, corrosion inhibiter 5~8%, cleaning additive 8~14%, dehydrated alcohol 3~5%, surplus is deionized water;Described slow Erosion agent by hexamethylenamine, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and BTA according to mass ratio 13~17:28~32:53~57 groups Become.
Described compound organic sequestering agent by potassium citrate, disodiumedetate, sodium gluconate, sulfamic acid sodium, Polyacrylic acid and sodium polyacrylate are according to mass ratio 10~14:8~12:33~37:16~20:8~12:13~17 Composition.
Described surfactant by dodecylbenzene sodium sulfonate, dispersant NP-10, cleanser 105, penetrating agent JFC, And emulsifier op-10 and OP-7 according to mass ratio 28~32:4~6:23~27:8~12:13~17:13~ 17 compositions.
Described cleaning additive is a kind in sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate or ammonium chloride.
Invention also provides the preparation method of this train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent, choose each group by following mass percent Point: compound organic sequestering agent 10~15%, surfactant 35~45%, corrosion inhibiter 5~8%, cleaning additive 8~14%, Dehydrated alcohol 3~5%, surplus is deionized water, and described corrosion inhibiter is by hexamethylenamine, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and benzo three nitrogen Azoles forms according to mass ratio 13~17:28~32:53~57;In rustless steel agitator, first with dehydrated alcohol by benzene And triazole dissolves and obtains dehydrated alcohol and BTA solution for later use, after under 35~40 DEG C of environment in deionized water Add compound organic sequestering agent, be sequentially added into cleaning additive, dehydrated alcohol after stirring to fully dissolving molten with BTA Liquid, hexamethylenamine and metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, stir and add surfactant after all dissolving, and continues stirring until solution Being completely dissolved into homogeneous transparent shape liquid, finally sealed is packed, waterproof and dampproof in packaging process.
The present invention is had advantageous effect in that based on its technical scheme:
(1) the train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent of the present invention is water preparation, soluble in water, mechanical cleaning after suitable dilute with water Or manually clean Train surface, and it is easy and fast to rinsing;
(2) the compound organic sequestering agent in the present invention is combined organic sequestering agent by disodiumedetate, gluconic acid Sodium, sulfamic acid sodium, polyacrylic acid, sodium polyacrylate and potassium citrate composition, these components are the most soluble in water, to row Car epidermis solids foul, greasy dirt have strong hydrotropy effect, strengthen the dissolving dynamics to these dirts, make Train surface difficult The solids foul being dissolved in water is quickly dissolved in water, reaches the effect of high-efficiency washing, and this compound organic sequestering agent overcomes biography completely System abluent relies on Phosphonate chelating agent, it is to avoid environmental pollution, and more efficient;
(3) surfactant in the present invention by dodecylbenzene sodium sulfonate, dispersant NP-10, cleanser 105, Penetrating agent JFC and emulsifier op-10 and OP-7 form, and form oleophylic and hydrophilic group, lipophilic group in water There is extremely strong lipophile, it is possible to absorption oils and fats makes greasy dirt peel off Train surface, and hydrophilic group then has extremely strong hydrophilic, Greasy dirt is made to be quickly dissolved in water;Surfactant can reduce the surface tension of water, and improves the solubility of organic compound, Reach to deoil, decontamination purpose;
(4) corrosion inhibiter is made up of hexamethylenamine, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, BTA, can promote hard in use Water softens, and regulates and stablize pH value, improves surfactant properties, largely effective prevent non-ferrous metal and paints variable color, Protection train railway carriage is not cleaned by the acidity in agent or alkaline components corrosion, thus plays protection train epidermis when cleaning Effect;But the phenylpropyl alcohol in corrosion inhibiter triazole itself are water insoluble, therefore add dehydrated alcohol, make phenylpropyl alcohol three Nitrogen azoles is dissolved in dehydrated alcohol, is more effectively and rapidly dissolved in water so that whole train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent becomes water preparation;
(5) cleaning additive selects sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate or ammonium chloride, itself does not has obvious washability, but joins at this The washing dirt-removing power of compound organic sequestering agent and surfactant can be improved after side adds, thus effectively facilitate water The wash degree of solution;
(6) the train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent extension rate of the present invention is high, can dilute with tap water during normal use 20~30 times, reduce use cost;
(7) the train epidermis cleannes that the train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent of the present invention is cleaned are high, and epidermis is dried without appointing What vestige, will not corrode motor-car crust paint and metal parts.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
Each component is chosen: compound organic sequestering agent 10~15% by following mass percent, surfactant 35~45%, Corrosion inhibiter 5~8%, cleaning additive 8~14%, dehydrated alcohol 3~5%, surplus is deionized water, described corrosion inhibiter by Hexamethylenamine, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and BTA form than 13~17:28~32:53~57 according to mass fraction; In rustless steel agitator, first with dehydrated alcohol, BTA dissolving is obtained dehydrated alcohol and treat with BTA solution With, after under 35~40 DEG C of environment, add compound organic sequestering agent in deionized water, stir and add successively after fully dissolving Enter cleaning additive, dehydrated alcohol and BTA solution, hexamethylenamine and metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, stir to all dissolving Rear addition surfactant, continues stirring until solution is completely dissolved into homogeneous transparent shape liquid, and finally sealed is packed, In packaging process waterproof and dampproof.
Described compound organic sequestering agent by potassium citrate, disodiumedetate, sodium gluconate, sulfamic acid sodium, Polyacrylic acid and sodium polyacrylate according to mass fraction than 10~14:8~12:33~37:16~20:8~12:13~ 17 compositions.Described surfactant by dodecylbenzene sodium sulfonate, dispersant NP-10, cleanser 105, penetrating agent JFC, And emulsifier op-10 and OP-7 are according to mass fraction ratio 28~32:4~6:23~27:8~12:13~17: 13~17 compositions.Described cleaning additive is a kind in sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate or ammonium chloride.
Test the cleaning efficiency under different formulations by the ratio changing each component within the range, the results are shown in Table 1:
The cleaning efficiency impact contrast table of table 1 different formulations
Formula in shown in table 13, in the 1st group of solution composition, the potassium citrate in compound organic sequestering agent, ethylenediamine The mass fraction of tetraacethyl disodium, sodium gluconate, sulfamic acid sodium, polyacrylic acid and sodium polyacrylate is than for 10:8: 33:16:8:13 makes, dodecylbenzene sodium sulfonate in surfactant, dispersant NP-10, cleanser 105, The mass fraction of penetrating agent JFC and emulsifier op-10 and OP-7 is than for 28:4:23:8:13:13, inhibition The mass fraction of hexamethylenamine, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and BTA in agent ratio is for 13:28:53, and cleaning additive selects Select sodium carbonate.
In 2nd group of solution composition, the potassium citrate in compound organic sequestering agent, disodiumedetate, gluconic acid The mass fraction of sodium, sulfamic acid sodium, polyacrylic acid and sodium polyacrylate is than for 12:10:35:18:10:15 system Become, dodecylbenzene sodium sulfonate in surfactant, dispersant NP-10, cleanser 105, penetrating agent JFC, with And the mass fraction of emulsifier op-10 and OP-7 is than for 30:5:25:10:15:15, the Wu Luotuo in corrosion inhibiter The mass fraction of product, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and BTA ratio is for 15:30:55, and cleaning additive selects sodium sulfate.
In 3rd group of solution composition, the potassium citrate in compound organic sequestering agent, disodiumedetate, gluconic acid The mass fraction of sodium, sulfamic acid sodium, polyacrylic acid and sodium polyacrylate is than for 14:12:37:20:12:17 system Become, dodecylbenzene sodium sulfonate in surfactant, dispersant NP-10, cleanser 105, penetrating agent JFC, with And the mass fraction of emulsifier op-10 and OP-7 is than for 32:6:27:12:17:17, the Wu Luotuo in corrosion inhibiter The mass fraction of product, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and BTA is than for 17:32:57, cleaning additive selective chlorination ammonium.
Under visible 3 kinds of formula, dilute is to the train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent that concentration is 5%, and cleaning efficiency all can reach To more than 99%, wherein, the cleaning efficiency of the second formula is slightly above other two kinds.
Changing the ratio of each component, the train environment-friendly high-efficiency cleaning agent formula provided with this method compares, and result is such as Shown in following table:
The cleaning efficiency impact contrast table of table 2 different formulations
In 10 group of formula shown in table 2, the potassium citrate in compound organic sequestering agent, disodiumedetate, Portugal The mass fraction of grape sodium saccharate, sulfamic acid sodium, polyacrylic acid and sodium polyacrylate is than for 12:10:35:18:10: 15 make, dodecylbenzene sodium sulfonate in surfactant, dispersant NP-10, cleanser 105, penetrating agent JFC, And the mass fraction of emulsifier op-10 and OP-7 is than for 30:5:25:10:15:15, the black Lip river in corrosion inhibiter The mass fraction of tropine, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and BTA ratio is for 15:30:55, and cleaning additive selects sodium sulfate.
May determine that, by table 1, the train environment-friendly high-efficiency cleaning agent formula that this method provides, formula number is the formula cleaning of 6 Effect is optimum, and the control of pH value is preferable simultaneously, train skin will not be caused damage.
Embodiment 2
By the preparation method of embodiment 1, take the train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent aqueous solution that the formula that formula number is 6 is prepared, It is diluted to 5% concentration, is cleaned test piece 5min with little ultrasonic washing unit, tested the different temperatures shadow to cleaning efficiency Ring, the results are shown in Table 2:
The cleaning efficiency impact contrast table of table 3 different temperatures
Result shows, cleaning temperature cleaning efficiency more than 20 DEG C is preferable, more than 30 DEG C cleaning efficiency no changes, therefore one As select to clean at a temperature of 35 DEG C to be preferred.
Embodiment 3
By the preparation method of embodiment 1, take the train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent aqueous solution that the formula that formula number is 6 is prepared, Being diluted to variable concentrations at 35 DEG C, clean test piece 5min with little ultrasonic washing unit, test variable concentrations is to cleaning effect The impact of rate, the results are shown in Table 3:
The cleaning efficiency impact contrast table of table 4 variable concentrations
Result shows, being diluted to concentration is that cleaning efficiency when 5% to 6% is preferable, it is considered to cleaning cost, 5% is optimal Diluted concentration.
Embodiment 4
By the preparation method of embodiment 1, take the train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent aqueous solution that the formula that formula number is 6 is prepared And to be diluted to concentration be 5%, cleaning test piece 5min at 35 DEG C with little ultrasonic washing unit, the different scavenging period of test is to clearly Wash the impact of efficiency, the results are shown in Table 4:
The cleaning efficiency impact contrast table of the different scavenging period of table 4
Result shows, scavenging period is that more than 5 minutes cleaning efficiencies are preferable, therefore considers cost-effective, cleans 5 minutes i.e. Can.

Claims (7)

1. a train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent, it is characterised in that composed of the following components, the percentage by weight of each component For: compound organic sequestering agent 10~15%, surfactant 35~45%, corrosion inhibiter 5~8%, cleaning additive 8~14%, Dehydrated alcohol 3~5%, surplus is deionized water;Described corrosion inhibiter is by hexamethylenamine, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and benzo three nitrogen Azoles forms than 13~17:28~32:53~57 according to mass fraction;Described compound organic sequestering agent by potassium citrate, Disodiumedetate, sodium gluconate, sulfamic acid sodium, polyacrylic acid and sodium polyacrylate are according to mass fraction ratio 10~14:8~12:33~37:16~20:8~12:13~17 compositions.
Train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described corrosion inhibiter is by crow Lip river Tropine, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and BTA form than 15:30:55 according to mass fraction.
Train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described compound organic chelated Agent is by potassium citrate, disodiumedetate, sodium gluconate, sulfamic acid sodium, polyacrylic acid and sodium polyacrylate Form than 12:10:35:18:10:15 according to mass fraction.
Train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described surfactant by Dodecylbenzene sodium sulfonate, dispersant NP-10, cleanser 105, penetrating agent JFC and emulsifier op-10 and OP-7 According to mass fraction than 28~32:4~6:23~27:8~12:13~17:13~17 compositions.
Train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described surfactant by Dodecylbenzene sodium sulfonate, dispersant NP-10, cleanser 105, penetrating agent JFC and emulsifier op-10 and OP-7 Form than 30:5:25:10:15:15 according to mass fraction.
Train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described cleaning additive is carbon In acid sodium, sodium sulfate or ammonium chloride a kind.
7. one kind for preparing the method for train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: by with Lower mass percent chooses each component: compound organic sequestering agent 10~15%, surfactant 35~45%, corrosion inhibiter 5~ 8%, cleaning additive 8~14%, dehydrated alcohol 3~5%, surplus is deionized water, described corrosion inhibiter by hexamethylenamine, Metasilicate pentahydrate sodium and BTA form than 13~17:28~32:53~57 according to mass fraction;At rustless steel In agitator, first with dehydrated alcohol BTA dissolved and obtains dehydrated alcohol and BTA solution for later use, after Add compound organic sequestering agent under 35~40 DEG C of environment in deionized water, be sequentially added into cleaning after stirring to fully dissolving and help Agent, dehydrated alcohol and BTA solution, hexamethylenamine and metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, stir and add table after all dissolving Face activating agent, continues stirring until solution is completely dissolved into homogeneous transparent shape liquid, and finally sealed is packed, at packaging process In waterproof and dampproof.
CN201510001724.2A 2015-01-04 2015-01-04 A kind of train environment-friendly high-efficiency abluent and preparation method thereof CN104480489B (en)

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CN106894025B (en) * 2017-04-14 2019-05-07 中国科学院海洋研究所 Zero-g aircraft detects pickling solution and the application of metallic material corrosion object
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CN108165387A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-15 中国人民解放军装甲兵工程学院 A kind of multifunctional water based cleaning agent and preparation method and application
CN109295462A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-02-01 合肥绿洁环保科技有限公司 A kind of metal cleaning preparation method of efficient cleaner
CN109797053A (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-05-24 任金生 Efficient automobile detergent and preparation method thereof
CN110408485A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-11-05 江西瑞思博新材料有限公司 Train electrical locomotive head alkalescent cleaning agent and preparation method thereof
CN111518632A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-08-11 宿迁盾嘉生物科技有限公司 Green efficient active enzyme cleaning agent for high-speed rail and preparation method thereof

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CN102002722A (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-04-06 比亚迪股份有限公司 Stainless steel cleaner and stainless steel cleaning method
CN101709476B (en) * 2009-10-30 2012-06-13 南南铝业股份有限公司 Production method and equipment for deburring aluminum workpieces by continuously alkali washing
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