CN104480462A - Iron-based amorphous coating and laser preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Iron-based amorphous coating and laser preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104480462A
CN104480462A CN201410769381.XA CN201410769381A CN104480462A CN 104480462 A CN104480462 A CN 104480462A CN 201410769381 A CN201410769381 A CN 201410769381A CN 104480462 A CN104480462 A CN 104480462A
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coating
iron
laser
amorphous
powder
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CN201410769381.XA
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CN104480462B (en
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陈�光
李培源
王建成
李沛
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南京理工大学
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C24/00Coating starting from inorganic powder
    • C23C24/08Coating starting from inorganic powder by application of heat or pressure and heat
    • C23C24/10Coating starting from inorganic powder by application of heat or pressure and heat with intermediate formation of a liquid phase in the layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F1/00Special treatment of metallic powder, e.g. to facilitate working, to improve properties; Metallic powders per se, e.g. mixtures of particles of different composition
    • B22F1/0003Metallic powders per se; Mixtures of metallic powders; Metallic powders mixed with a lubricating or binding agent
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C45/00Amorphous alloys
    • C22C45/02Amorphous alloys with iron as the major constituent

Abstract

The invention discloses a laser preparation method of an iron-based amorphous coating. A formula formed by all the elements of the iron-based amorphous coating according to the weight percent is FeaCrbNicSidBeCf, wherein the sum of b, c, d, e and f is not more than 50. Powder can be used after the components are uniformly mixed in proportion according to a required weight ratio. Powder is fed by synchronous powder feeding and is cladded in an argon protection atmosphere to prepare an iron-based alloy coating and the iron-based alloy coating is subjected to laser remelting to prepare the iron-based amorphous coating. The prepared coating has few defects and higher corrosion resistance and has a whole amorphous structure.

Description

A kind of iron-based amorphous coating and laser preparation method thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to technical field of surface coating, be specifically related to a kind of iron-based amorphous coating and laser preparation method thereof.

Background technology

Non-crystaline amorphous metal, compared with conventional crystal material, has high-yield strength, high rigidity, high elastic coefficient, good corrosion resistance.Fe-based amorphous system wherein, owing to having abundant natural resources, cheap material cost, excellent mechanics, chemical property, magnetic performance, corrosion resistance nature and potential industrial application, has attracted the attention of increasing investigation of materials person.

But alloy needs could form non-crystaline amorphous metal under high speed of cooling usually, its glass forming ability limits shape and the overall dimension of amorphous sample, so amorphous product mostly is film, band, filament or powder, the temperature-room type plasticity of adding bulk amorphous alloy is poor, cannot prepare by the method for plastic working the structured material that is shaped, these limit the application of non-crystaline amorphous metal in Practical Project all greatly.And comparatively speaking, utilize surface-coating technology to prepare amorphous coating at matrix surface, can not only reducing costs, simultaneously can also significantly improving erosion resistance and the wear resistance of product when not losing its characteristic by matrix.The NAAC plan that the U.S. carries out, is mainly devoted to the applied research of amorphous coating, and finding that the neutron absorption capability of amorphous coating is 7 times of stainless steel and Ni based high-temperature alloy (C22), is more than 3 times of boron steel.And after the comprehensive corrosive nature in ocean environment compares with 316 stainless steels and Ni based high-temperature alloy (C-22), find amorphous coating in severe ocean environment (as alternation of wetting and drying, high salt fog etc.) there is more excellent corrosion resistance nature, therefore very applicablely the key places such as the deck/shell on naval vessel are sprayed on, can elongate member work-ing life greatly.

Existing laser prepares iron-based amorphous coating [patent: CN 101899663A], using element powder mix as cladding powdered material, under argon shield, carry out cladding, the final iron-based amorphous nanometer crystalline coat obtaining 200-300mm, on amorphous coating, disperse nanocrystalline; Existing laser prepares iron-based amorphous coating [patent: CN 103302287A], and the powdered alloy containing Mo, Nb, Co and rare earth element ce, Y is carried out laser melting coating, and obtain iron-based amorphous coating, its amorphous ratio is 30%.Prior art employs a large amount of alloying elements, even comprises rare earth element, and cost is higher; The iron-based amorphous coating obtained not is full non-crystalline state, and coating corrosion resistance is lower; Coat-thickness is blocked up, can change profile and the size of part largely.

Summary of the invention

The present invention is directed to the deficiency that prior art exists, a kind of iron-based amorphous coating and laser preparation method thereof are provided.

The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: a kind of iron-based amorphous coating, and described coating structure is full non-crystalline state, and coat-thickness is 0.2-2mm.

A laser preparation method for iron-based amorphous coating, carry out laser melting coating by the method for synchronous powder feeding system, in argon shield, iron alloy coating is made in cladding, then makes described iron-based amorphous coating through laser remolten, specifically comprises the steps:

The first step: by ferrous alloy component composition preparation cladding metal-powder;

Second step: use jointed fiber laser apparatus, setting melting and coating process, adopts synchronous powder feeding system mode to carry out multiple tracks cladding to the metal-powder in the first step, is cooled to room temperature, matrix is prepared one deck iron alloy coating;

3rd step: use jointed fiber laser apparatus, setting remelting processing, carries out Alloy by Laser Surface Remelting to iron alloy coating obtained in second step, is cooled to room temperature, obtains iron-based amorphous coating.

Wherein, ferrous alloy percentage described in the first step, comprises 20%≤Cr≤30%, 2%≤Ni≤8%, 2%≤Si≤5%, 1%≤B≤5%, 2%≤C≤6%, and iron powder is surplus, ball milling mixes, and the size range of metal-powder is 60-150 micron.

Iron alloy coating melting and coating process in second step refers to: set gradually laser power 200-1000W, spot diameter 1-2mm, overlapping rate 0.3-0.5, sweep velocity 300-2000mm/min, and synchronous powder feeding system amount is 5-15g/min, protection argon flow amount 10-20L/min.

In 3rd step, iron alloy coating remelting processing refers to: set gradually laser power 500-2000W, hot spot 1-2mm, overlapping rate 0.3-0.5, sweep velocity 600-3000mm/min, protection argon flow amount 10-20L/min.

Compared with prior art, advantage of the present invention comprises: (1) cladding powder is combined by multiple element powder or multiple alloy powder, not containing rare earth element, adopts during powdered alloy and can reduce material cost greatly; (2) preparation technology provides larger thermograde for coating, and the coating microstrueture of formation is single-phase non-crystalline state, without the existence of crystal boundary, compares the coating that amorphous and thin brilliant mixing exist and has more excellent erosion resistance; (3) cladding coating and matrix form metallurgical binding, and interface bond strength is high, and the fine and close pore-free of coating; (4) the amorphous thinner thickness obtained, can not have much impact to processing component physical dimension, industrial value is larger.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 be the embodiment of the present invention 1 prepare iron-based amorphous coating organize microgram.

Fig. 2 is the polarization curve of iron-based amorphous coating in 3.5%NaCl solution in the embodiment of the present invention 1

Fig. 3 is the XRD figure preparing iron-based amorphous coating in the embodiment of the present invention 2.

Embodiment

Embodiment 1

(1) cladding powder pre-treating

The composition preparing cladding powdered material is by weight percentage: 60%Fe, 25%Cr, 5%Ni, 2.5%Si, 1.5%B, 4%C, 2%W, and the size range of powder is 60-150 micron, and 80 DEG C of dryings 2 hours in vacuum drying oven.

(2) iron alloy coating is prepared

Automatic powder feeder is put at Metal Melting whiting end in (1) (commercially available; RC-PGF-D-1) synchronous powder feeding system is carried out in; use jointed fiber laser apparatus; one deck iron alloy coating is prepared on 45# steel (150mm × 42mm × 20mm) surface; concrete operations are: by 45# steel horizontal in machine table; use fixture is fixed; calibration laser origin coordinates; arranging laser process parameter is: laser power 200W; spot diameter 1mm, overlapping rate 0.3, sweep velocity 400mm/min; synchronous powder feeding system amount is 6g/min, protection argon flow amount 15L/min.Room temperature is cooled to after completing.

(3) iron-based amorphous coating is prepared

Concrete operations are: stop synchronous powder feeding system; laser rapid remelting process is carried out to the coatingsurface that (2) have obtained; calibration laser origin coordinates; the processing parameter arranging laser apparatus is: laser power 500W; spot diameter 1mm; overlapping rate 0.3, sweep velocity 800mm/min, protection argon flow amount 15L/min.Be cooled to room temperature after completing and obtain iron-based amorphous coating.

The coating of the microgram display preparation of Fig. 1 is the full non-crystalline state without obvious tissue signature, combines good between coatings and substrate, and Fig. 2 carries out galvanic corrosion effect for obtaining iron-based amorphous coating in 3.5%NaCl solution, and Fig. 2 shows that its corrosion resistance is strong.

Embodiment 2

(1) cladding powder pre-treating

The composition preparing cladding powdered material is by weight percentage: 55%Fe, 30%Cr, 5%Ni, 3.5%Si, 2%B, 4.5%C, and the size range of powder is 60-150 micron, and 80 DEG C of dryings 2 hours in vacuum drying oven.

(2) iron alloy coating is prepared

Automatic powder feeder is put at Metal Melting whiting end in (1) (commercially available; RC-PGF-D-1) synchronous powder feeding system is carried out in; use jointed fiber laser apparatus; one deck iron alloy coating is prepared on 45# steel (150mm × 42mm × 20mm) surface; concrete operations are: by 45# steel horizontal in machine table; use fixture is fixed; calibration laser origin coordinates; arranging laser process parameter is: laser power 800W; spot diameter 2mm, overlapping rate 0.3, sweep velocity 800mm/min; synchronous powder feeding system amount is 15g/min, protection argon flow amount 20L/min.Room temperature is cooled to after completing.

(3) iron-based amorphous coating is prepared

Concrete operations are: stop synchronous powder feeding system; laser rapid remelting process is carried out to the coatingsurface that (2) have obtained; calibration laser origin coordinates; the processing parameter arranging laser apparatus is: laser power 2000W; spot diameter 2mm; overlapping rate 0.4, sweep velocity 1800mm/min, protection argon flow amount 20L/min.Be cooled to room temperature after completing and obtain iron-based amorphous coating.

Fig. 3 is the XRD detection figure of coating structure, obtain as steamed bun peak, there is no other diffraction peaks exist, illustrate that coating is full amorphous microstructure.

Embodiment 3

(1) cladding powder pre-treating

The composition preparing cladding powdered material is by weight percentage: 57%Fe, 30%Cr, 6%Ni, 4%Si, 1%B, 2%C, and the size range of powder is 60-150 micron, and 80 DEG C of dryings 2 hours in vacuum drying oven.

(2) iron alloy coating is prepared

Automatic powder feeder is put at Metal Melting whiting end in (1) (commercially available; RC-PGF-D-1) synchronous powder feeding system is carried out in; use jointed fiber laser apparatus; one deck iron alloy coating is prepared on 45# steel (150mm × 42mm × 20mm) surface; concrete operations are: by 45# steel horizontal in machine table; use fixture is fixed; calibration laser origin coordinates; arranging laser process parameter is: laser power 300W; spot diameter 1mm, overlapping rate 0.3, sweep velocity 300mm/min; synchronous powder feeding system amount is 8g/min, protection argon flow amount 20L/min.Room temperature is cooled to after completing.

(3) iron-based amorphous coating is prepared

Concrete operations are: stop synchronous powder feeding system; laser rapid remelting process is carried out to the coatingsurface that (2) have obtained; calibration laser origin coordinates; the processing parameter arranging laser apparatus is: laser power 800W; spot diameter 2mm; overlapping rate 0.3, sweep velocity 1000mm/min, protection argon flow amount 20L/min.Be cooled to room temperature after completing and obtain iron-based amorphous coating.

The coating obtained is the full amorphous microstructure of Fe base.

Embodiment 4

(1) cladding powder pre-treating

The composition preparing cladding powdered material is by weight percentage: 50%Fe, 27%Cr, 8%Ni, 5%Si, 4%B, 4%C, 2%W, and the size range of powder is 60-150 micron, and 80 DEG C of dryings 2 hours in vacuum drying oven.

(2) iron alloy coating is prepared

Automatic powder feeder is put at Metal Melting whiting end in (1) (commercially available; RC-PGF-D-1) synchronous powder feeding system is carried out in; use jointed fiber laser apparatus; one deck iron alloy coating is prepared on malleable iron (150mm × 42mm × 20mm) surface; concrete operations are: by malleable iron horizontal in machine table; use fixture is fixed; calibration laser origin coordinates; arranging laser process parameter is: laser power 400W; spot diameter 1.5mm, overlapping rate 0.5, sweep velocity 500mm/min; synchronous powder feeding system amount is 5g/min, protection argon flow amount 15L/min.Room temperature is cooled to after completing.

(3) iron-based amorphous coating is prepared

Concrete operations are: stop synchronous powder feeding system; laser rapid remelting process is carried out to the coatingsurface that (2) have obtained; calibration laser origin coordinates; the processing parameter arranging laser apparatus is: laser power 800W; spot diameter 1mm; overlapping rate 0.5, sweep velocity 800mm/min, protection argon flow amount 15L/min.Be cooled to room temperature after completing and obtain iron-based amorphous coating.

The coating obtained is the full amorphous microstructure of Fe base.

Embodiment 5

(1) cladding powder pre-treating

The composition preparing cladding powdered material is by weight percentage: 65%Fe, 20%Cr, 5%Ni, 2.5%Si, 3.5%B, 4%C, and the size range of powder is 60-150 micron, and 80 DEG C of dryings 2 hours in vacuum drying oven.

(2) iron alloy coating is prepared

Automatic powder feeder is put at Metal Melting whiting end in (1) (commercially available; RC-PGF-D-1) synchronous powder feeding system is carried out in; use jointed fiber laser apparatus; one deck iron alloy coating is prepared on 45# steel (150mm × 42mm × 20mm) surface; concrete operations are: by 45# steel horizontal in machine table; use fixture is fixed; calibration laser origin coordinates; arranging laser process parameter is: laser power 300W; spot diameter 1mm, overlapping rate 0.3, sweep velocity 400mm/min; synchronous powder feeding system amount is 7g/min, protection argon flow amount 15L/min.Room temperature is cooled to after completing.

(3) iron-based amorphous coating is prepared

Concrete operations are: stop synchronous powder feeding system; laser rapid remelting process is carried out to the coatingsurface that (2) have obtained; calibration laser origin coordinates; the processing parameter arranging laser apparatus is: laser power 1000W; spot diameter 2mm; overlapping rate 0.5, sweep velocity 2000mm/min, protection argon flow amount 20L/min.Be cooled to room temperature after completing and obtain iron-based amorphous coating.

The coating obtained is the full amorphous microstructure of Fe base.

Claims (6)

1. an iron-based amorphous coating, is characterized in that, described coating structure is full non-crystalline state.
2. iron-based amorphous coating as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, coat-thickness is 0.2-2mm.
3. a laser preparation method for iron-based amorphous coating as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
The first step: by ferrous alloy component composition preparation cladding metal-powder;
Second step: use jointed fiber laser apparatus, setting melting and coating process, adopts synchronous powder feeding system mode to carry out multiple tracks cladding to the metal-powder in the first step, is cooled to room temperature, matrix is prepared one deck iron alloy coating;
3rd step: use jointed fiber laser apparatus, setting remelting processing, carries out Alloy by Laser Surface Remelting to iron alloy coating obtained in second step, is cooled to room temperature, obtains iron-based amorphous coating.
4. the laser preparation method of iron-based amorphous coating as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, ferrous alloy percentage described in the first step, comprise 20%≤Cr≤30%, 2%≤Ni≤8%, 2%≤Si≤5%, 1%≤B≤5%, 2%≤C≤6%, iron powder is surplus, ball milling mixes, and the size range of metal-powder is 60-150 micron.
5. the laser preparation method of iron-based amorphous coating as claimed in claim 3; it is characterized in that; iron alloy coating melting and coating process in second step refers to: set gradually laser power 200-1000W; spot diameter 1-2mm; overlapping rate 0.3-0.5; sweep velocity 300-2000mm/min, synchronous powder feeding system amount is 5-15g/min, protection argon flow amount 10-20L/min.
6. the laser preparation method of iron-based amorphous coating as claimed in claim 3; it is characterized in that; in 3rd step, iron alloy coating remelting processing refers to: set gradually laser power 500-2000W; hot spot 1-2mm; overlapping rate 0.3-0.5; sweep velocity 600-3000mm/min, protection argon flow amount 10-20L/min.
CN201410769381.XA 2014-12-12 2014-12-12 A kind of iron-based amorphous coating and its laser preparation method CN104480462B (en)

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CN104947007A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-09-30 太原科技大学 System for preparing amorphous alloy
CN105132824A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-12-09 南华大学 High-hardness non-cracking martensite iron-based alloy powder for laser cladding layer and preparation method for high-hardness non-cracking martensite iron-based alloy powder
CN105671459A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-06-15 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Preparation method of aluminum zirconium zinc-based metal glass
CN105679484A (en) * 2016-04-04 2016-06-15 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Preparation method of high-mechanical-strength soft magnetic alloy
CN105803452A (en) * 2016-04-04 2016-07-27 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Preparing method of magnetically soft alloy with amorphous coating
CN105886964A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-08-24 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Preparation method of titanium-based amorphous material
CN105925864A (en) * 2016-06-04 2016-09-07 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Method for preparing high-strength molybdenum alloy board
CN105970063A (en) * 2016-06-04 2016-09-28 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Method for preparing coated tungsten alloy material
CN106119830A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 中国人民解放军第五七九工厂 The restorative procedure of engine turbine rear bearing block inner wall abrasion
CN106283042A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-04 中国石油大学(华东) High anti-corrosion solid solution alloy coating of a kind of low-friction coefficient and preparation method thereof
CN108531904A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-09-14 昆明理工大学 A kind of wear-resistant coating and preparation method thereof
CN108611634A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-10-02 中国科学院宁波材料技术与工程研究所 A kind of method that laser heating prepares skin layer
CN108650883A (en) * 2016-01-15 2018-10-12 贺利氏添加剂生产有限公司 By the method for glassy metal increasing material manufacturing three-dimension object
CN109023351A (en) * 2018-09-12 2018-12-18 中国人民解放军陆军装甲兵学院 A kind of preparation method of flawless laser melting coating amorphous coating
CN109136788A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-04 浙江工业大学 A kind of high-carbon high-alloy amorphous pre-alloyed powder and preparation method thereof
CN109439995A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-08 宝钢轧辊科技有限责任公司 High entropy amorphous alloy coating and preparation method thereof
CN110438488A (en) * 2019-07-19 2019-11-12 宝钢轧辊科技有限责任公司 Roller surface flawless amorphous coating and preparation method thereof
CN110527930A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-03 上海工程技术大学 A kind of Fe-based amorphous laser cladding coating material and preparation method thereof
CN110938819A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-03-31 北京交通大学 Laser processing method for improving performance of cladding layer

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CN105132824B (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-04-05 南华大学 High rigidity does not ftracture laser cladding layer martensite iron(-)base powder and preparation method thereof
CN105132824A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-12-09 南华大学 High-hardness non-cracking martensite iron-based alloy powder for laser cladding layer and preparation method for high-hardness non-cracking martensite iron-based alloy powder
CN108650883A (en) * 2016-01-15 2018-10-12 贺利氏添加剂生产有限公司 By the method for glassy metal increasing material manufacturing three-dimension object
CN105679484A (en) * 2016-04-04 2016-06-15 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Preparation method of high-mechanical-strength soft magnetic alloy
CN105803452A (en) * 2016-04-04 2016-07-27 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Preparing method of magnetically soft alloy with amorphous coating
CN105679484B (en) * 2016-04-04 2018-05-15 温州弘恒电子科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of high mechanical properties magnetically soft alloy
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CN105886964A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-08-24 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Preparation method of titanium-based amorphous material
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CN105970063A (en) * 2016-06-04 2016-09-28 苏州思创源博电子科技有限公司 Method for preparing coated tungsten alloy material
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CN106283042B (en) * 2016-09-30 2018-10-19 中国石油大学(华东) Anti-corrosion solid solution alloy coating of a kind of low-friction coefficient height and preparation method thereof
CN108531904A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-09-14 昆明理工大学 A kind of wear-resistant coating and preparation method thereof
CN108611634A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-10-02 中国科学院宁波材料技术与工程研究所 A kind of method that laser heating prepares skin layer
CN109023351A (en) * 2018-09-12 2018-12-18 中国人民解放军陆军装甲兵学院 A kind of preparation method of flawless laser melting coating amorphous coating
CN109136788A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-04 浙江工业大学 A kind of high-carbon high-alloy amorphous pre-alloyed powder and preparation method thereof
CN109439995A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-08 宝钢轧辊科技有限责任公司 High entropy amorphous alloy coating and preparation method thereof
CN110438488A (en) * 2019-07-19 2019-11-12 宝钢轧辊科技有限责任公司 Roller surface flawless amorphous coating and preparation method thereof
CN110527930A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-03 上海工程技术大学 A kind of Fe-based amorphous laser cladding coating material and preparation method thereof
CN110938819A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-03-31 北京交通大学 Laser processing method for improving performance of cladding layer

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