CN104478512A - Fermentation, turnover and drying all-in-one machine of organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Fermentation, turnover and drying all-in-one machine of organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104478512A
CN104478512A CN201410833376.0A CN201410833376A CN104478512A CN 104478512 A CN104478512 A CN 104478512A CN 201410833376 A CN201410833376 A CN 201410833376A CN 104478512 A CN104478512 A CN 104478512A
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China
Prior art keywords
stirring
belt wheel
motor
axle
organic fertilizer
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Granted
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CN201410833376.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104478512B (en
Inventor
朱明江
朱文超
朱富英
李奎
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Zhejiang Mingjia Environmental Protection Technology Co.,Ltd.
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朱明江
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a fermentation, turnover and drying all-in-one machine of organic fertilizer, which comprises a rack, a drying interlayer, a first motor, an air heater, a controller, a second motor, a turnover shaft and traveling wheels, wherein the first motor, the second motor and the controller are mounted at the top of the rack; the controller is connected with the first motor and the second motor; the first motor is connected with a first belt wheel; the first belt wheel is in belt transmission with a second belt wheel; the second belt wheel is connected with the turnover shaft via a transmission device; the turnover shaft is mounted at the bottom of the rack; a plurality of turnover sheets are arranged on the turnover shaft; the rack is internally equipped with the drying interlayer; the drying interlayer is internally equipped with a mixing shaft; the mixing shaft is connected with the transmission device; and a plurality of mixing sheets are arranged on the mixing shaft. The single machine can realize fermentation, turnover and drying of an organic fertilizer material, achieves thorough turnover and mixing and uniform drying, can avoid the disadvantages of nonuniform fermentation and long fermentation time in the traditional tank compost fermentation process, is high in production efficiency and easy and simple to operate and saves a use space.

Description

A kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine
[technical field]
The present invention relates to fertilizer technical field of processing equipment, particularly the technical field of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine.
[background technology]
Fertilizer specially refers to (comprise animal excrement with various animal waste; Animal processing waste) and plant residue (cake fertilizer class; Crop material; Fallen leaves; Deadwood; The peat composed of rotten mosses etc.), adopt the treatment technology that physics, chemistry, biology or three have concurrently, through certain complete processing, the class fertilizer that the objectionable impurities eliminated wherein reaches innoxious standard and formed.Fertilizer is mainly derived from plant or animal, and imposing on soil to provide plant nutrition is the carbonaceous material of its major function.Through biological substance, animals and plants waste, plant residue processing, eliminate hazardous and noxious substances wherein, be rich in a large amount of benefit materials and abundant nutritive element.Can not only provide full nutrition for farm crop, and fertilizer efficiency is long, can increases and upgrade the soil organism, promote microbial reproduction, improving physico-chemical property and the biological activity of soil, is the Main Nutrients of pollution-free food production.
Fertilizer stack-turning-over machine is organic fertilizer fermentation equipment, for industrialized fermentative processing of organic solid thing such as animal excrement, domestic refuse, mud, agricultural crop straws, also can be used for feed fermentation.In existing Organic fertilizer production line, the fermentation turning of fertilizer and fertilizer are dried and are usually divided machine operation step by step, waste time and energy, production efficiency is not high, needs a kind of machine fermentation turning step and baking step can be combined, in addition, existing fermentation machine Problems existing has stirring uneven, can not ensure effective leavening temperature, turning is not thorough, affects ferment effect.Existing dryer Problems existing has finished product water ratio not reach drying requirement, and materials from bonding is cracked.
[summary of the invention]
Object of the present invention solves the problems of the prior art exactly, proposes a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine, and the fermentation stirring that a machine achieves fertilizer material is dried, stirring stirs thoroughly, and dry evenly, production efficiency is high, easy and simple to handle, save usage space.
For achieving the above object, the present invention proposes a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine, comprise frame, dry interlayer, the first motor, calorifier, controller, the second motor, stirring axle and road wheel, described frame top is provided with the first motor, the second motor and controller, and controller is connected with the first motor, the second motor; Described first motor is connected with the first belt wheel, the first belt wheel and the second belt wheel belt transmission, and the second belt wheel is connected with stirring axle by transmission mechanism; Be provided with stirring axle bottom described frame, stirring axle is provided with some stirring sheets; Be provided with oven dry interlayer in described frame, dry in interlayer and be provided with stir shaft, stir shaft is connected with transmission mechanism, and stir shaft is provided with some stirring pieces.
As preferably, described frame top is provided with calorifier, and calorifier is connected with oven dry interlayer by airduct, and calorifier is connected with controller.
As preferably, described frame top has suction opening, and suction opening is connected with oven dry interlayer.
As preferably, described frame both sides are provided with anchor, and stirring axle is arranged on anchor, and transmission mechanism end is arranged on anchor.
As preferably, described stirring axle arranged transversely, stirring sheet is along the distribution of stirring axle axially spaced-apart, and stirring sheet, along stirring Axial and radial circle distribution, stirring axle has three row's stirring sheets at least.
As preferably, described stir shaft arranged transversely, stirring piece is along the distribution of stir shaft axially spaced-apart, and stirring piece, along the distribution of stir shaft radial circumference, stir shaft has three row's stirring pieces at least.
As preferably, described second motor is connected with the 3rd belt wheel, and the 3rd belt wheel and the 4th belt wheel belt transmission, the 4th belt wheel and live axle belt transmission, live axle is provided with road wheel.
As preferably, described 4th belt wheel by transmission shaft and the 5th belt wheel synchronous axial system, the 5th belt wheel and another live axle belt transmission.
As preferably, the antetheca of described oven dry interlayer is hatch frame, and material can be ploughed under oven dry interlayer by stirring sheet, and the rear wall of drying interlayer is also hatch frame, and material can be routed up by stirring piece.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention is by the rotation stirring of stirring axle, the Hot-blast Heating of calorifier is dried, it is dry further that suction opening place can extract water vapor out, fermentation turning step and baking step are combined, the fermentation stirring that one machine achieves fertilizer material is dried, road wheel can drive complete machine automatically to move forward, without the need to track, level land can operate, stirring area is large, stirring stirs thoroughly, dry evenly, can avoid fermenting in traditional slot type fermented manure process uneven, the shortcoming that fermentation time is long, production efficiency is high, easy and simple to handle, save usage space.
Feature of the present invention and advantage will be described in detail by reference to the accompanying drawings by embodiment.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the schematic front view of a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring of the present invention drying integral machine;
Fig. 2 is that schematic diagram is looked on the right side of a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring of the present invention drying integral machine;
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring of the present invention drying integral machine.
In figure: 1-frame, 2-the 5th belt wheel, 3-dry interlayer, 4-stir shaft, 41-stirring piece, 5-first motor, 51-first belt wheel, 6-second belt wheel, 7-calorifier, 71-airduct, 8-suction opening, 9-controller, 10-transmission shaft, 11-second motor, 12-the 3rd belt wheel, 13-live axle, 14-road wheel, 15-stirring axle, 151-stirring sheet, 16-transmission mechanism, 17-anchor.
[embodiment]
Consult Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the present invention, comprise frame 1, dry interlayer 3, first motor 5, calorifier 7, controller 9, second motor 11, stirring axle 15 and road wheel 14, described frame 1 top is provided with the first motor 5, second motor 11 and controller 9, and controller 9 is connected with the first motor 5, second motor 11; Described first motor 5 is connected with the first belt wheel 51, the first belt wheel 51 and the second belt wheel 6 belt transmission, and the second belt wheel 6 is connected with stirring axle 15 by transmission mechanism 16; Be provided with stirring axle 15 bottom described frame 1, stirring axle 15 is provided with some stirring sheets 151; Be provided with in described frame 1 and dry interlayer 3, dry in interlayer 3 and be provided with stir shaft 4, stir shaft 4 is connected with transmission mechanism 16, and stir shaft 4 is provided with some stirring pieces 41.Described frame 1 top is provided with calorifier 7, and calorifier 7 is connected with oven dry interlayer 3 by airduct 71, and calorifier 7 is connected with controller 9.Described frame 1 top has suction opening 8, and suction opening 8 is connected with oven dry interlayer 3.Described frame 1 both sides are provided with anchor 17, and stirring axle 15 is arranged on anchor 17, and transmission mechanism 16 end is arranged on anchor 17.Described stirring axle 15 arranged transversely, stirring sheet 151 is along the distribution of stirring axle 15 axially spaced-apart, and stirring sheet 151, along the distribution of stirring axle 15 radial circumference, stirring axle 15 has three row's stirring sheets 151 at least.Described stir shaft 4 arranged transversely, stirring piece 41 is along the distribution of stir shaft 4 axially spaced-apart, and stirring piece 41, along the distribution of stir shaft 4 radial circumference, stir shaft 4 has three row's stirring pieces 41 at least.Described second motor 11 is connected with the 3rd belt wheel 12, the 3rd belt wheel 12 and the 4th belt wheel 7 belt transmission, and the 4th belt wheel 7 and live axle 13 belt transmission, live axle 13 is provided with road wheel 14.Described 4th belt wheel 7 passes through transmission shaft 10 and the 5th belt wheel 2 synchronous axial system, the 5th belt wheel 2 and another live axle 13 belt transmission.The antetheca of described oven dry interlayer 3 is hatch frame, and material can plough under by stirring sheet 151 dries interlayer 3, and the rear wall of drying interlayer 3 is also hatch frame, and material can be routed up by stirring piece 41.
Working process of the present invention:
A kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring of the present invention drying integral machine in the course of the work, moved by the walking that can be realized fermentation stirring dryer by the second motor 11, the 3rd belt wheel 12, the 4th belt wheel 7, live axle 13, road wheel 14 and the second motor 11, the 3rd belt wheel 12, the 4th belt wheel 7, transmission shaft 10, the 5th belt wheel 2, live axle 13, road wheel 14.
Fertilizer piles up ground top fermentation, and by the first motor 5, first belt wheel 51, second belt wheel 6, transmission mechanism 16, stirring axle 15, can realize the rotation of stirring axle 15, the stirring sheet 151 on stirring axle 15 completes stirring, is ploughed under by material and dries interlayer 3.
Fertilizer material is in oven dry interlayer 3, and calorifier 7 passes into hot blast by airduct 71, dries material, and suction opening 8 place can extract water vapor out, realizes the drying of material further.By the first motor 5, first belt wheel 51, second belt wheel 6, transmission mechanism 16, stir shaft 4, can realize the rotation of stir shaft 4, material can be routed up by the stirring piece 41 on stir shaft 4, and the material routed up smoothly can be stacked on fermentation stirring dryer rear.
The present invention is by the rotation stirring of stirring axle 15, the Hot-blast Heating of calorifier 7 is dried, it is dry further that suction opening 8 place can extract water vapor out, fermentation turning step and baking step are combined, the fermentation stirring that one machine achieves fertilizer material is dried, road wheel 14 can drive complete machine automatically to move forward, without the need to track, level land can operate, stirring area is large, stirring stirs thoroughly, dry evenly, can avoid uneven, that fermentation time is long shortcoming of fermenting in traditional slot type fermented manure process, production efficiency is high, easy and simple to handle, save usage space.
Above-described embodiment is to explanation of the present invention, is not limitation of the invention, anyly all belongs to protection scope of the present invention to the scheme after simple transformation of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. an organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine, it is characterized in that: comprise frame (1), dry interlayer (3), the first motor (5), calorifier (7), controller (9), the second motor (11), stirring axle (15) and road wheel (14), described frame (1) top is provided with the first motor (5), the second motor (11) and controller (9), and controller (9) is connected with the first motor (5), the second motor (11); Described first motor (5) is connected with the first belt wheel (51), first belt wheel (51) and the second belt wheel (6) belt transmission, the second belt wheel (6) is connected with stirring axle (15) by transmission mechanism (16); Described frame (1) bottom is provided with stirring axle (15), and stirring axle (15) is provided with some stirring sheets (151); Be provided with in described frame (1) and dry interlayer (3), dry in interlayer (3) and stir shaft (4) is installed, stir shaft (4) is connected with transmission mechanism (16), and stir shaft (4) is provided with some stirring pieces (41).
2. a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described frame (1) top is provided with calorifier (7), calorifier (7) is connected with oven dry interlayer (3) by airduct (71), and calorifier (7) is connected with controller (9).
3. a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described frame (1) top has suction opening (8), and suction opening (8) is connected with oven dry interlayer (3).
4. a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described frame (1) both sides are provided with anchor (17), stirring axle (15) is arranged on anchor (17), and transmission mechanism (16) end is arranged on anchor (17).
5. a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stirring axle (15) arranged transversely, stirring sheet (151) distributes along stirring axle (15) axially spaced-apart, stirring sheet (151), along the distribution of stirring axle (15) radial circumference, stirring axle (15) has three row's stirring sheets (151) at least.
6. a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stir shaft (4) arranged transversely, stirring piece (41) distributes along stir shaft (4) axially spaced-apart, stirring piece (41), along the distribution of stir shaft (4) radial circumference, stir shaft (4) has three row's stirring pieces (41) at least.
7. a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described second motor (11) is connected with the 3rd belt wheel (12), 3rd belt wheel (12) and the 4th belt wheel (7) belt transmission, 4th belt wheel (7) and live axle (13) belt transmission, live axle (13) is provided with road wheel (14).
8. a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described 4th belt wheel (7) by transmission shaft (10) and the 5th belt wheel (2) synchronous axial system, the 5th belt wheel (2) and another live axle (13) belt transmission.
9. a kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the antetheca of described oven dry interlayer (3) is hatch frame, material can plough under by stirring sheet (151) dries interlayer (3), the rear wall of drying interlayer (3) is also hatch frame, and material can be routed up by stirring piece (41).
CN201410833376.0A 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 Fermentation, turnover and drying all-in-one machine of organic fertilizer Active CN104478512B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104725092A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-06-24 浙江明佳环保科技有限公司 Fermenting, reversing and drying all-in-one machine for organic fertilizer
CN107759264A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-03-06 无锡启集智能科技有限公司 A kind of fertilizer zymotechnique
CN108794078A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-11-13 蒙城县京徽蒙农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of rotary lifting-type chicken manure fermenting turn-down rig
CN110357387A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-10-22 赵守良 A kind of organic fertilizer continuous drying overturning processing unit
CN112812961A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-05-18 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Fermentation stirring and drying integrated machine

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103896687A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-02 刘军林 Method and mobile device for producing biological medicinal fertilizer through aerobic fermentation
CN103936470A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-23 山东中德发酵技术有限公司 Industrial and agricultural production waste residue biological fermentation and drying method and special integrated system
CN104058806A (en) * 2013-03-20 2014-09-24 林辉雄 Rapid compost fermentation machine and compost making method
CN204385082U (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-06-10 朱明江 A kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104058806A (en) * 2013-03-20 2014-09-24 林辉雄 Rapid compost fermentation machine and compost making method
CN103936470A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-23 山东中德发酵技术有限公司 Industrial and agricultural production waste residue biological fermentation and drying method and special integrated system
CN103896687A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-02 刘军林 Method and mobile device for producing biological medicinal fertilizer through aerobic fermentation
CN204385082U (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-06-10 朱明江 A kind of organic fertilizer fermentation stirring drying integral machine

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104725092A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-06-24 浙江明佳环保科技有限公司 Fermenting, reversing and drying all-in-one machine for organic fertilizer
CN107759264A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-03-06 无锡启集智能科技有限公司 A kind of fertilizer zymotechnique
CN108794078A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-11-13 蒙城县京徽蒙农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of rotary lifting-type chicken manure fermenting turn-down rig
CN110357387A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-10-22 赵守良 A kind of organic fertilizer continuous drying overturning processing unit
CN110357387B (en) * 2018-10-30 2020-11-24 温州宏量机械科技有限公司 Continuous drying and overturning treatment device for organic fertilizer
CN112812961A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-05-18 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Fermentation stirring and drying integrated machine

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Effective date of registration: 20210125

Address after: 314300 No. 399, Zhenxing Road, Zhenhai Road, Haiyan County, Jiaxing, Zhejiang

Patentee after: Zhejiang Mingjia Environmental Protection Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 314300 No.8, Nongfeng Road, Baibu New District, Haiyan Economic Development Zone, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee before: Zhu Mingjiang

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