CN104475427A - Self-propelled straw treatment machine - Google Patents

Self-propelled straw treatment machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104475427A
CN104475427A CN201410703311.4A CN201410703311A CN104475427A CN 104475427 A CN104475427 A CN 104475427A CN 201410703311 A CN201410703311 A CN 201410703311A CN 104475427 A CN104475427 A CN 104475427A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
self
cutting knife
rub
propelled type
type straw
Prior art date
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CN201410703311.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104475427B (en
Inventor
李荣刚
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李荣刚
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Priority to CN201410703311.4A priority Critical patent/CN104475427B/en
Publication of CN104475427A publication Critical patent/CN104475427A/en
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Publication of CN104475427B publication Critical patent/CN104475427B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2

Abstract

The invention discloses a self-propelled straw treatment machine which comprises a body with wheels, a crushing device, a heating and drying device, an extrusion device and a power source, wherein the crushing device, the heating and drying device and the extrusion device are arranged on the body and are sequentially connected with one another, and the power source is arranged on the body, is connected with the previous devices and provides power, a traction machine head is arranged on the body and comprises a driving control room and an engine arranged in the machine head. A fan knife of the crushing device performs high-speed staggered cutting so as to form a wind wheel, the crushed straws are pushed into a bicylindrical inner cavity, the straws are treated by a rolling and cutting knife group until the straws are completely crushed, and the crushed straws are dried and fed into the extrusion device to be extruded into patch fuel or granulated feed by virtue of the heating and drying device. Moreover, due to the traction machine head, the machine can operate in the field, the finished product can be stored in the finished product bin, the field treatment of the straws is conveniently realized, the self-propelled straw treatment machine adapts to the market demands, has great market potential, is used for solving the problem of the existing straw burning, has energy-saving and environment-friendly effect and conforms to the environment development demand.

Description

A kind of self-propelled type straw processor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, particularly relate to a kind of self-propelled type straw processor.
Background technology
Stalk process is all the problem of a headache all the time, and existing agricultural machinery is mainly used in harvesting, and stalk packing apparatus or direct by straw rubbing process is mainly with by the machine gathering in laggard row relax; But these modes current all have limitation, as after stalk packing for feed, papermaking, fuel, but due to its packing insufficient strength, cause needing secondary to be packed after process and could facilitate transport, and can only short-distance transport, otherwise freight charges be higher than the value of stalk; And rub a treatment facility and mainly stalk is directly changed into ensilage, which limits type and the use value of its stalk, and still need to be transported to particular place and carry out reprocessing and can use; Visible current agricultural machinery does not reach and settles at one go on Treating straw, it is made still to need subsequent treatment, the step increased is that Rural Areas at Present is when lacking labour, the direct obstacle that cannot promote, therefore, the product needing a kind of equipment directly to become peasant to need stover, this addresses the problem burning problem.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve Problems existing in current techniques, a kind of self-propelled type straw processor is provided.
For achieving the above object, the technology used in the present invention means are: a kind of self-propelled type straw processor, comprise the body with wheel or crawler belt, be arranged on reducing mechanism, heating, drying device, pressurizing unit that body connects successively, be arranged on and body be connected with said apparatus and the power source of power is provided; Described body is also provided with traction head, and described traction head comprises drive-controlling room and is arranged on the engine in head.
Further, described reducing mechanism comprises the housing case with bicylindrical inner chamber, is arranged on two groups of shredder assemblies of the bicylindrical inner chamber in housing case respectively, the both ends of the surface of housing case are provided with charging aperture and discharging opening.
Further, described body is also provided with material-conveying belt, material-conveying belt one end connects the charging aperture of reducing mechanism, and charging aperture is positioned at the middle part of housing case, and discharging opening is positioned at the bottom of the housing case other end.
Further, described shredder assemblies comprises the cutting tool be arranged on successively on power transmission shaft, travelling gear, rubs cutting knife group, described cutting tool is distributed on the excircle that power transmission shaft is axle center by three fan cuttves, two groups of shredder assemblies engage each other with respective travelling gear and realize synchronous axial system, and the fan cutter length of the cutting tool of two groups of shredder assemblies is longer than travelling gear and two groups of fan cuttves are spaced on the same face; Rub cutting knife group to be distributed on power transmission shaft by multiple cutting knife of rubbing.
Further, described in rub cutting knife group to rub cutting knife length identical with travelling gear length, rub cutting knife group on power transmission shaft, rub the position of cutting knife identical for two groups.
Further, described in rub cutting knife group to rub cutting knife length identical with the fan cutter length of cutting tool, rub cutting knife group for two groups and be distributed in distance with each drive shaft direction.
Further, described heating, drying device is inverted U structure, and one end connects the outlet of reducing mechanism, and one end connects the entrance of pressurizing unit, and is positioned at above reducing mechanism and pressurizing unit; In connection reducing mechanism exit, blower fan feeding is set.
Further, described pressurizing unit comprises extrusion cabin and is positioned at the extruding wheels composition of extrusion cabin, and extrusion cabin top has charging aperture, and extruding wheels are arranged in the square warehouse in middle part, and bottom warehouse is inversed taper platform shape, and discharging opening is arranged on bottom warehouse.
Further, described extruding wheels are engaged each other by several and the squeegee roller with different gap forms.
Further, described body is also provided with finished bin, finished bin connects pressurizing unit.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: advance bicylindrical inner chamber by the fan cutter stalk that formation wind wheel will be smashed while the cutting that interlocks at a high speed of reducing mechanism, continuing thoroughly to pulverize to stalk stalk process by rubbing cutting knife group, sending into pressurizing unit after then being dried by the stalk after pulverizing by heating, drying device and being squeezed into patch fuel or pellet; Owing to having traction head, can field be operated in, and finished product first can be stored in finished bin, the convenient in-situ processing to stalk, adapt to the demand of existing market, its market potential is huge, solve the problem of existing crop straw burning, energy-conserving and environment-protective, meet environmental development needs.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of reducing mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cutting tool of the present invention.
In figure: 1, body, 2, reducing mechanism, 21, housing case, 22, shredder assemblies, 221, power transmission shaft, 222, cutting tool, 223, travelling gear, 224, rub cutting knife group, 225, cutter is fanned, 226, rub cutting knife, 23, charging aperture, 24, discharging opening, 3, heating, drying device, 4, pressurizing unit, 41, extrusion cabin, 42, extruding wheels, 5, power source, 6, head is drawn, 7, material-conveying belt, 8, finished bin.
Detailed description of the invention
embodiment 1
A kind of self-propelled type straw processor as shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, comprise the body 1 with wheel or crawler belt, be arranged on reducing mechanism 2, heating, drying device 3, pressurizing unit 4 that body connects successively, be arranged on and body be connected with said apparatus and the power source 5 of power is provided; Described body is also provided with traction head 6, described traction head 6 comprises drive-controlling room and is arranged on the engine in head.
Described reducing mechanism 2 comprises the housing case 21 with bicylindrical inner chamber, is arranged on two groups of shredder assemblies 22 of the bicylindrical inner chamber in housing case respectively, the both ends of the surface of housing case are provided with charging aperture 23 and discharging opening 24.
Described body is also provided with material-conveying belt 7, and material-conveying belt 7 one end connects the charging aperture 23 of reducing mechanism, and charging aperture 23 is positioned at the middle part of housing case 21, and discharging opening 24 is positioned at the bottom of housing case 21 other end.
Described shredder assemblies 22 comprises the cutting tool 222 be arranged on successively on power transmission shaft 221, travelling gear 223, rubs cutting knife group 224, it is on the excircle in axle center that described cutting tool 222 is distributed on power transmission shaft 221 by three fan cuttves 225, two groups of shredder assemblies 22 engage each other with respective travelling gear and realize synchronous axial system, and fan cutter 225 length of the cutting tool of two groups of shredder assemblies is longer than travelling gear 223 and two groups of fan cuttves are spaced on the same face; Rub cutting knife group 224 to be distributed on power transmission shaft by multiple cutting knife 226 of rubbing.
Described rub cutting knife group to rub cutting knife 226 length identical with travelling gear 223 length, rub cutting knife group on power transmission shaft, rub the position of cutting knife identical for two groups.
By conveyer belt 7, raw material is sent into reducing mechanism, conveyer belt 7 can connect prime harvester, also can Manual material feeding, stalk enters from charging aperture 23, the fan cutter of shredder assemblies 22 alternately cuts to be smashed stalk, the stalk smashed continues to push backward by the wind simultaneously formed by fan cutter, rubs cutting knife group and proceeds fragmentation, makes stalk completely broken.
Described heating, drying device 3 is inverted U structure, and one end connects the outlet of reducing mechanism 2, and one end connects the entrance of pressurizing unit 4, and is positioned at above reducing mechanism 2 and pressurizing unit 4; In connection reducing mechanism 2 exit, blower fan feeding is set.
Stalk after fragmentation is by blower fan feeding to heating, drying device, and because heating, drying device is above reducing mechanism, the stalk smashed is delivered on the conveyer belt of heating, drying assembly by wind-force, slow transits through the thermal treatment zone, is heated to temperature required to stalk.
Described pressurizing unit 4 comprises extrusion cabin 41 and forms with the extruding wheels 42 being positioned at extrusion cabin, and extrusion cabin 41 top has charging aperture, and extruding wheels 42 are arranged in the square warehouse in middle part, and bottom warehouse is inversed taper platform shape, and discharging opening is arranged on bottom warehouse.
Described extruding wheels 42 are engaged each other by several and the squeegee roller with different gap forms.
Described body 1 is also provided with finished bin 8, and finished bin 8 connects pressurizing unit 4.
embodiment 2
Difference from Example 1 is, described in rub cutting knife group to rub cutting knife 226 length identical with fan cutter 225 length of cutting tool, rub cutting knife group for two groups and be distributed in distance with each drive shaft direction.
Bicylindrical inner chamber is advanced by the fan cutter stalk that formation wind wheel will be smashed while the cutting that interlocks at a high speed of reducing mechanism, continuing thoroughly to pulverize to stalk stalk process by rubbing cutting knife group, sending into pressurizing unit after then being dried by the stalk after pulverizing by heating, drying device and being squeezed into patch fuel or pellet; Owing to having traction head, can field be operated in, and finished product first can be stored in finished bin, the convenient in-situ processing to stalk, adapt to the demand of existing market, its market potential is huge, solve the problem of existing crop straw burning, energy-conserving and environment-protective, meet environmental development needs.
The embodiment of the present application is just for illustration of technical characteristic disclosed in the present application, and those skilled in the art, by simply replacing the change carried out, still belong to the scope that the application protects.

Claims (10)

1. a self-propelled type straw processor, it is characterized in that: comprise the body (1) with wheel or crawler belt, be arranged on reducing mechanism (2), heating, drying device (3), pressurizing unit (4) that body connects successively, be arranged on and body be connected with said apparatus and the power source (5) of power is provided; Described body is also provided with traction head (6), described traction head (6) comprises drive-controlling room and is arranged on the engine in head.
2. self-propelled type straw processor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described reducing mechanism (2) comprises the housing case (21) with bicylindrical inner chamber, be arranged on two groups of shredder assemblies (22) of the bicylindrical inner chamber in housing case respectively, the both ends of the surface of housing case are provided with charging aperture (23) and discharging opening (24).
3. self-propelled type straw processor according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described body is also provided with material-conveying belt (7), material-conveying belt (7) one end connects the charging aperture (23) of reducing mechanism, charging aperture (23) is positioned at the middle part of housing case (21), and discharging opening (24) is positioned at the bottom of housing case (21) other end.
4. self-propelled type straw processor according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described shredder assemblies (22) comprises the cutting tool (222) be arranged on successively on power transmission shaft (221), travelling gear (223), rub cutting knife group (224), described cutting tool (222) is distributed on the excircle that power transmission shaft (221) is axle center by three fan cuttves (225), two groups of shredder assemblies (22) engage each other with respective travelling gear and realize synchronous axial system, fan cutter (225) length of the cutting tool of two groups of shredder assemblies is longer than travelling gear (223) and two groups of fan cuttves are spaced on the same face, rub cutting knife group 224 to be distributed on power transmission shaft by multiple cutting knife (226) of rubbing.
5. self-propelled type straw processor according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described in rub cutting knife group to rub cutting knife (226) length identical with travelling gear (223) length, rub cutting knife group on power transmission shaft, rub the position of cutting knife identical for two groups.
6. self-propelled type straw processor according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described in rub cutting knife group to rub cutting knife (226) length identical with fan cutter (225) length of cutting tool, rub cutting knife group for two groups and be distributed in distance with each drive shaft direction.
7. self-propelled type straw processor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described heating, drying device (3) is inverted U structure, one end connects the outlet of reducing mechanism (2), and one end connects the entrance of pressurizing unit (4), and is positioned at reducing mechanism (2) and pressurizing unit (4) top; In connection reducing mechanism (2) exit, blower fan feeding is set.
8. self-propelled type straw processor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pressurizing unit (4) comprises extrusion cabin (41) and is positioned at extruding wheels (42) composition of extrusion cabin, extrusion cabin (41) top has charging aperture, extruding wheels (42) is arranged in the square warehouse in middle part, bottom warehouse is inversed taper platform shape, and discharging opening is arranged on bottom warehouse.
9. self-propelled type straw processor according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described extruding wheels (42) are engaged each other by several and the squeegee roller with different gap forms.
10. self-propelled type straw processor according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described body (1) is also provided with finished bin (8), and finished bin (8) connects pressurizing unit (4).
CN201410703311.4A 2014-11-26 2014-11-26 A kind of self-propelled type straw datatron CN104475427B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104475427B CN104475427B (en) 2016-09-14

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104611085A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-13 宣城市兴鸿生物能源有限公司 Comprehensive straw processing all-in-one machine
CN106717672A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 柳州市万强机械制造有限公司 One kind joint herbage harvesting wire kneading machine
CN107046945A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-08-18 绵阳易简环保科技有限公司 Full-automatic stalk recycling and processing device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2504884Y (en) * 2001-10-12 2002-08-14 韩光义 Double-rotor cutting and tearing grinder
US7044853B2 (en) * 2002-12-05 2006-05-16 Deere & Company Combine with straw chopper
CN2920634Y (en) * 2006-04-30 2007-07-11 北京中汇信联技术发展有限公司 Squeezing forming machine
CN200984830Y (en) * 2006-12-04 2007-12-05 陈开碇 Moveable stalk forming machine
CN101720599A (en) * 2008-10-27 2010-06-09 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Self-propelled plant haulm-pickup combined harvester
CN102077731A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-06-01 王坤义 Frequency conversion superconducting cone-pressing and ring-grinding straw molding combined harvesting all-in-one machine
CN103495484A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 东北林业大学 Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2504884Y (en) * 2001-10-12 2002-08-14 韩光义 Double-rotor cutting and tearing grinder
US7044853B2 (en) * 2002-12-05 2006-05-16 Deere & Company Combine with straw chopper
CN2920634Y (en) * 2006-04-30 2007-07-11 北京中汇信联技术发展有限公司 Squeezing forming machine
CN200984830Y (en) * 2006-12-04 2007-12-05 陈开碇 Moveable stalk forming machine
CN101720599A (en) * 2008-10-27 2010-06-09 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Self-propelled plant haulm-pickup combined harvester
CN102077731A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-06-01 王坤义 Frequency conversion superconducting cone-pressing and ring-grinding straw molding combined harvesting all-in-one machine
CN103495484A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 东北林业大学 Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104611085A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-13 宣城市兴鸿生物能源有限公司 Comprehensive straw processing all-in-one machine
CN106717672A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 柳州市万强机械制造有限公司 One kind joint herbage harvesting wire kneading machine
CN107046945A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-08-18 绵阳易简环保科技有限公司 Full-automatic stalk recycling and processing device

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