CN104472327A - Culture medium for jonquil and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Culture medium for jonquil and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104472327A
CN104472327A CN201410634741.5A CN201410634741A CN104472327A CN 104472327 A CN104472327 A CN 104472327A CN 201410634741 A CN201410634741 A CN 201410634741A CN 104472327 A CN104472327 A CN 104472327A
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Prior art keywords
jonquil
parts
culture medium
cultivation matrix
diatomaceous earth
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CN201410634741.5A
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CN104472327B (en
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俞俊越
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Guangdong Baiyi Garden Technology Co., Ltd.
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俞俊越
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a culture medium for jonquil. The culture medium is prepared from the mixture of the following components in parts by weight: 10 to 20 parts of peat, 20 to 30 parts of perlite, 20 to 30 parts of leaf mold, 5 to 10 parts of diatomaceous earth, 1 to 5 parts of bone meal, 10 to 20 parts of hush carbon, 0.5 to 1 part of superphosphate, 0.5 to 1 part of particular slow release fertilizer, and 0.01 to 0.05 part of humic acid. The culture medium for jonquil has the advantages that the formula is scientific and reasonable, the component sources are rich, the components are coordinated and matched to achieve outstanding water permeability, air permeability, water-retaining performance and fertilizer-retaining performance; the culture medium is beneficial for the root development and healthy and strong growth. The invention also discloses a preparation method of the culture medium for jonquil. The preparation method is characterized in that different components are respectively mixture to obtain the culture medium for jonquil. With the adoption of the preparation method, the dispersing uniformity and particle uniformity of the components in the culture medium can be ensured; in addition, the process is simple, large devices are saved, the operability is high, the investment is decreased, and mass production can be performed.

Description

A kind of jonquil cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a plant cultivation matrix, especially relate to a kind of jonquil cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Jonquil has another name called Kalanchoe flammea, is Crassulaceae herbaceos perennial.Plant height 15 cm, plant is small and exquisite, and plant type is compact, blade is emerald green, and flower is intensive, the plump succulence of blade, dark green leaf color, flower has the colors such as rose-red, orange, yellow, white, and pattern is dazzlingly beautiful, be the desirable indoor pot flowers of winter-spring season, arrange windowsill, desk, desk, very suitable, for flower bed, the flower border layout of public place, its entirety views and admires excellent, and lucky due to it, also be the good merchantable brand giving elder, be therefore deeply subject to by people's happiness.
Cultivation matrix at present for jonquil is generally well-drained sandy loam, and adopt sand as the cultivation matrix of jonquil, have the following disadvantages: its component of (1) sand is single, nutrient is deficient, and preservation capacity of water and fertility is poor; (2) can there is sedimentation in sand after watering for a long time, causes the sclerosis of soil and harden, and water penetration and poor air permeability are unfavorable for the growth of jonquil, even can cause jonquil rotten death time serious; (3) generation of damage by disease and insect can not effectively be prevented.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is that the jonquil cultivation matrix component in order to solve prior art is single, nutrient is deficient, preservation capacity of water and fertility is poor, be unfavorable for the problem that jonquil grows, provide a kind of scientific formulation reasonable, Component Source is extensive, and nutrient is comprehensively sufficient, water penetration, gas permeability, moisture capacity and nutrient preserving capability are good, are conducive to the jonquil cultivation matrix of jonquil root system development and robust plant growth.
Present invention also offers a kind of preparation method of jonquil cultivation matrix, this preparation method's operating procedure is simple, workable, small investment, is applicable to large-scale production.
To achieve these goals, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of jonquil cultivation matrix; mixed by the component of following weight portion: 10 ~ 20 parts of peat; 20 ~ 30 parts of perlites; 20 ~ 30 parts of leaf moulds, 5 ~ 10 parts of diatomaceous earths, 1 ~ 5 part of bone meal; 10 ~ 20 parts of husk charcoals; 0.5 ~ 1 part of superphosphate, 0.5 ~ 1 part of particle slow release fertilizer, 0.01 ~ 0.05 part of humus.In jonquil cultivation matrix of the present invention, it is high that peat has water-holding capacity, air capacity of soils is good and be rich in the advantages such as organic, the fertility of cultivation matrix can be increased, matrix structure can also be made pellet, be conducive to improving gas permeability, in addition, perlite in the present invention and diatomaceous earth quality more crisp, be easy to crush, and add peat can to perlite and diatomaceous earth play protection and cushioning effect, perlite and diatomaceous earth is avoided to crush, but peat ratio is unsuitable too high, otherwise the effect that can affect perlite and diatomaceous earth plays, also (especially summer) can easily cause rotten of jonquil when high temperature, pearlite light, aseptic, water suction, effectively can improve the gas permeability of cultivation matrix, the permeability of leaf mould is good, and be applicable to the needs of jonquil root growth, potential fertilizer efficiency is high, can bring into play gradually, can extend the service time of cultivation matrix, and have good preserve moisture and fertility ability along with the potted plant time increases himself fertilizer efficiency, diatomaceous earth has flourishing gap structure, has extraordinary moisturizing, ventilative, heat-blocking action, its fine particle surface has sharp-pointed microstructure to have lethal effect to various insects and other mollusks, and to higher mammal (comprising people) nonhazardous, has good insect-pest effect, bone meal, superphosphate all use as base manure, both mutual Synergistics, can provide calcium, phosphorus, nitrogen and various trace element needed for its growth, strengthen the growth of root system, the stem stalwartness of jonquil is grown up for jonquil, husk charcoal is a kind of prompt effect fertilizer of high-quality, potassium element can be increased, cultivation matrix can be avoided sclerosis to occur and hardens, make cultivation matrix remain loose, and in energy and acid ground, regulate soil ph, there is good air capacity of soils and drainage simultaneously, harmful substance also in adsorbable soil, has bactericidal action and ion exchange, prevents rotten of jonquil, particle slow release is fertile in the fertility of the matrix improving cultivation, improves its service time, humus can improve the structure of cultivation matrix, can adsorb and exchanges a lot of mineral element in activating soil thus improve fertilizer efficiency, can also stimulate the growth of jonquil, improve its resistance against diseases.Jonquil cultivation medium formula of the present invention is scientific and reasonable, Component Source is extensive, by coordinated between each component, has excellent water penetration, gas permeability, moisture capacity and nutrient preserving capability, be conducive to jonquil root system development and robust plant growth, and service time is long.
As preferably, described diatomaceous earth particle diameter is 1 ~ 3mm.Diatomaceous earth particle diameter is excessive, is unfavorable for cultivation matrix water conservation on the one hand, and be also unfavorable for that matrix fully contacts with the root system of jonquil on the other hand, particle diameter is too small, then affect gas permeability, and therefore the size controlling of diatomaceous earth is at 1 ~ 3mm.
As preferably, described perlite particle diameter is 2 ~ 5mm.
A kind of preparation method of jonquil cultivation matrix; concrete steps are as follows: after taking each component by above-mentioned weight; first peat, leaf mould are mixed with husk charcoal; then add perlite, diatomaceous earth mixes, finally add bone meal, superphosphate, particle slow release fertilizer and humus and mix.Mixed by the substep of different component, to ensure the uniformity of each component disperses uniformity and particle in cultivation matrix, and processing step is simple, without the need to main equipment, workable, and small investment is applicable to large-scale production.
As preferably, described bone meal obtains by the following method: cleaned up by animal bone, adds water boil 3 ~ 8h, pull out and drain after pounding into fritter, at 100 ~ 140 DEG C, toast 10 ~ 12h, finally with grinder mill powdering.Animal bone kind is not limit, and can be the various bones in various domestic animal, poultry and fish, adds water boil to remove the tissues such as grease on bone, avoids the cultivation matrix containing bone meal to give out stink in use.
As preferably, described diatomaceous earth particle diameter is 1 ~ 3mm.
As preferably, described perlite particle diameter is 2 ~ 5mm.
Therefore, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) jonquil cultivation medium formula of the present invention is scientific and reasonable, Component Source is extensive, by coordinated between each component, has excellent water penetration, gas permeability, moisture capacity and nutrient preserving capability, be conducive to jonquil root system development and robust plant growth, and service time is long;
(2) by jonquil cultivation matrix of the present invention can be obtained to the substep mixing of different component, the uniformity of each component disperses uniformity and particle in cultivation matrix can be ensured, and processing step is simple, without the need to main equipment, workable, small investment, is applicable to large-scale production.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
In the present invention, if no special instructions, all devices and raw material all can be buied from market or the industry is conventional, and the method in following embodiment, if no special instructions, is this area conventional method.
Embodiment 1
(1) bone meal is prepared
Pig thigh is cleaned up, adds water boil 3h after pounding into fritter, pull out and drain, at 100 DEG C, toast 10h, finally with grinder mill powdering.
(2) composite
Be the perlite of 2mm by 10Kg peat, 20Kg particle diameter; 20Kg leaf mould; 5Kg particle diameter is the diatomaceous earth of 1mm; 1Kg bone meal; 10Kg husk charcoal; 0.5Kg superphosphate; 0.5Kg particle slow release fertilizer is (commercial; brand: U.S. happy, home gardening granular controlled release is fertile, universal); after the weight proportion of 0.01Kg humus takes each component; first peat, leaf mould are mixed with husk charcoal, then add perlite, diatomaceous earth mixes, finally add the fertile and humus of bone meal, superphosphate, particle slow release and mix and namely obtain jonquil cultivation matrix.
Embodiment 2
(1) bone meal is prepared
Ox thigh is cleaned up, adds water boil 6h after pounding into fritter, pull out and drain, at 120 DEG C, toast 11h, finally with grinder mill powdering.
(2) composite
Be the perlite of 3mm by 15Kg part peat, 25Kg particle diameter; 22Kg leaf mould; 8Kg particle diameter is the diatomaceous earth of 2mm; 2Kg bone meal; 15Kg husk charcoal; 0.6Kg superphosphate; 0.6Kg particle slow release fertilizer is (commercial; brand: the all-round many 13-13-13 of good health); after the weight proportion of 0.02Kg humus takes each component; first peat, leaf mould are mixed with husk charcoal, then add perlite, diatomaceous earth mixes, finally add the fertile and humus of bone meal, superphosphate, particle slow release and mix and namely obtain jonquil cultivation matrix.
Embodiment 3
(1) bone meal is prepared
Sheep rib is cleaned up, adds water boil 8h after pounding into fritter, pull out and drain, at 140 DEG C, toast 12h, finally with grinder mill powdering.
(2) composite
Be the perlite of 5mm by 20Kg peat, 30Kg particle diameter; 30Kg leaf mould; 10Kg particle diameter is the diatomaceous earth of 3mm; 5Kg bone meal; 20Kg husk charcoal; 1Kg superphosphate; 1Kg particle slow release fertilizer is (commercial; brand: U.S. happy, home gardening granular controlled release is fertile, universal); after the weight proportion of 0.05Kg humus takes each component; first peat, leaf mould are mixed with husk charcoal, then add perlite, diatomaceous earth mixes, finally add the fertile and humus of bone meal, superphosphate, particle slow release and mix and namely obtain jonquil cultivation matrix.
Compared with cultivating jonquil with traditional sand, cultivation matrix of the present invention is adopted to cultivate jonquil, cultivation period shortens, flowering time does sth. in advance more than 8 days than the jonquil that sand is cultivated the earliest, florescence then extends more than 10 days than the jonquil of sand cultivation, and plant type is more plentiful, blade BG, glossy, be evenly distributed, without chlorisis blade, illustrate that matrix of the present invention is very suitable for cultivating jonquil, there are good economic benefit and wide market prospects.
Above-described embodiment is one of the present invention preferably scheme, not does any pro forma restriction to the present invention, also has other variant and remodeling under the prerequisite not exceeding the technical scheme described in claim.

Claims (7)

1. a jonquil cultivation matrix; it is characterized in that; mixed by the component of following weight portion: 10 ~ 20 parts of peat, 20 ~ 30 parts of perlites, 20 ~ 30 parts of leaf moulds; 5 ~ 10 parts of diatomaceous earths; 1 ~ 5 part of bone meal, 10 ~ 20 parts of husk charcoals, 0.5 ~ 1 part of superphosphate; 0.5 ~ 1 part of particle slow release fertilizer, 0.01 ~ 0.05 part of humus.
2. a kind of jonquil cultivation matrix according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described diatomaceous earth particle diameter is 1 ~ 3mm.
3. a kind of jonquil cultivation matrix according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described perlite particle diameter is 2 ~ 5mm.
4. the preparation method of a jonquil cultivation matrix as claimed in claim 1; it is characterized in that; concrete steps are as follows: after taking each component by above-mentioned weight; first peat, leaf mould are mixed with husk charcoal; then add perlite, diatomaceous earth mixes, finally add bone meal, superphosphate, particle slow release fertilizer and humus and mix.
5. preparation method according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described bone meal obtains by the following method: cleaned up by animal bone, water boil 3 ~ 8h is added after pounding into fritter, pull out and drain, at 100 ~ 140 DEG C, toast 10 ~ 12h, finally with grinder mill powdering.
6. preparation method according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described diatomaceous earth particle diameter is 1 ~ 3mm.
7. preparation method according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described perlite particle diameter is 2 ~ 5mm.
CN201410634741.5A 2014-11-10 2014-11-10 A kind of Kalanchoe blossfeldiana cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN104472327B (en)

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Cited By (7)

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CN104961601A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-10-07 耿跃 Biomass soil for cultivating flowers
CN104961600A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-10-07 耿跃 Preparation method of biomass soil for cultivating flowers
CN105010113A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-04 常州市鼎日环保科技有限公司 Wheat soilless cultivation method
CN105254412A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-01-20 浙江省农业科学院 Diatomite-charcoal matrix used for dendrobium officinale cultivation
CN105594508A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-05-25 俞俊越 Lithops pseudotruncatella seedling planting matrix and preparation method thereof
CN106242812A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-21 北海市伟恒生态农业有限公司 Kalanchoe blossfeldiana fertilizer
CN108782107A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-11-13 安吉仕锦农业发展有限公司 A kind of Bryophyllum fleshiness implantation methods

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104961601A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-10-07 耿跃 Biomass soil for cultivating flowers
CN104961600A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-10-07 耿跃 Preparation method of biomass soil for cultivating flowers
CN105010113A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-04 常州市鼎日环保科技有限公司 Wheat soilless cultivation method
CN105254412A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-01-20 浙江省农业科学院 Diatomite-charcoal matrix used for dendrobium officinale cultivation
CN105254412B (en) * 2015-10-08 2018-05-22 浙江省农业科学院 A kind of diatomite-charcoal matrix for officinal dendrobium stem plantation
CN105594508A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-05-25 俞俊越 Lithops pseudotruncatella seedling planting matrix and preparation method thereof
CN106242812A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-21 北海市伟恒生态农业有限公司 Kalanchoe blossfeldiana fertilizer
CN108782107A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-11-13 安吉仕锦农业发展有限公司 A kind of Bryophyllum fleshiness implantation methods

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Address after: 528000, Guangdong Province, Nanhai District, Foshan City, Lishui Town, Malu Tanlianqiao Village, Tu Name "Big Seven Mu North" self-numbered No. 1

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