CN104468219A - Virtual networking network topology discovery method and device - Google Patents

Virtual networking network topology discovery method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104468219A
CN104468219A CN201410763191.7A CN201410763191A CN104468219A CN 104468219 A CN104468219 A CN 104468219A CN 201410763191 A CN201410763191 A CN 201410763191A CN 104468219 A CN104468219 A CN 104468219A
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equipment
lldp
virtual
virtual networking
physical network
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CN104468219B (en
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熊志欢
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Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co Ltd
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Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THEIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D30/00Reducing energy consumption in communication networks

Abstract

The invention provides a virtual networking network topology discovery method and device. A topology management module is deployed on a physical device with virtual networking, and the topology management module is used for obtaining topology connection relation data in virtual networking, carrying the topology connection relation data in LLDP messages and transmitting the topology connection relation data to an external physical network device connected with the physical device. Thus, the topology connection relation of virtual networking can be transmitted to equipment in a physical network, and topology discovery of virtual networking is achieved.

Description

Virtual networking method for discovering network topology and equipment
Technical field
The application relates to the network communications technology, particularly virtual networking method for discovering network topology and equipment.
Background technology
So-called virtual networking, it refers to inside a physical equipment, the equipment such as virtual machine (VM:Virtual Machine), virtual switch (Vswitch) are fictionalized by Intel Virtualization Technology, the equipment these fictionalized carries out being connected to form a virtual local area network (LAN), be designated as virtual networking, Fig. 1 shows the schematic diagram of virtual networking on physical equipment.
Virtual networking is " virtual ", and, in virtual networking, between VM and be not directly connect between the external physical network equipment that is connected with physical equipment of VM, this causes Topology Discovery Protocol such as link layer Neighbor Discovery Protocol (LLDP), the simple gateway monitoring protocol (SNMP) be applied in physical network all can not use completely.
Therefore, how finding the network topology of virtual networking, is technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
This application provides virtual networking method for discovering network topology and equipment, to find the network topology of virtual networking.
The technical scheme that the application provides comprises:
A kind of virtual networking method for discovering network topology, the method is applied to the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and described physical equipment has the Topology Management module for managing described virtual networking, and the method comprises:
Described Topology Management module obtains topological connection relation data in described virtual networking;
Described topological connection relation data are carried in link layer Neighbor Discovery Protocol LLDP message and pass to the external physical network equipment with this equipment connection by described Topology Management module.
A kind of virtual networking method for discovering network topology, the method is applied to the physical network device be connected with the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and the method comprises:
Receive and store described physical equipment send LLDP message;
When this equipment supports simple gateway management agreement SNMP, in the virtual networking carry the described LLDP message of originally device-dependent physical topology annexation data and acquisition, topological connection relation Organization of Data sends to the controller for supervising the network topology together;
When this equipment does not support SNMP, show topological connection relation data in the virtual networking that described LLDP carries by LLDP order line.
A kind of virtual networking discovering network topology equipment, this equipment is applied to the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and this equipment comprises:
Topology Management module, for managing the topology of described virtual networking, it comprises with lower unit:
Acquiring unit, for obtaining topological connection relation data in described virtual networking;
Packet sending unit, the topological connection relation data for being obtained by described acquiring unit are carried in link layer Neighbor Discovery Protocol LLDP message and pass to the external physical network equipment with this equipment connection.
A kind of virtual networking discovering network topology equipment, this equipment is applied to the physical network device be connected with the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and this equipment comprises:
Receiving element, for receive and store described physical equipment send LLDP message;
Transmitting element, for when this equipment supports simple gateway management agreement SNMP, in the virtual networking carry the described LLDP message of originally device-dependent physical topology annexation data and acquisition, topological connection relation Organization of Data sends to the controller for supervising the network topology together; And,
When this equipment does not support SNMP, show topological connection relation data in the virtual networking that described LLDP carries by LLDP order line.
As can be seen from the above technical solutions, in the present invention, by there is physical equipment deploy Topology Management module of virtual networking, topological connection relation data in described virtual networking are obtained by this Topology Management module, and described topological connection relation data are carried in LLDP message the external physical network equipment passed to this equipment connection, like this, the topological connection relation of virtual networking can be passed to the equipment in physical network, achieve the Topology Discovery of virtual networking;
Further, in the present invention, by the network layer protocol of standard and LLDP, the topological connection relation data in virtual networking are passed to the external physical network equipment, do not rely on special webmastering software, more economically, simple, practical.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of virtual networking on physics machine tool;
Fig. 2 is method flow diagram provided by the invention;
The virtual networking schematic diagram that Fig. 3 a, Fig. 3 b provide for the embodiment of the present invention;
The LLDP message format schematic diagram that Fig. 4 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is equipment structure chart provided by the invention;
Fig. 6 is another equipment structure chart provided by the invention.
Embodiment
In order to make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearly, describe the present invention below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
The virtual networking method for discovering network topology that the application provides is that protocol layer Network Based realizes, particular by network protocol layer, the topological connection relation data in virtual networking are passed to the external physical network equipment, to be shown the topological connection relation in virtual networking by the external physical network equipment, or by the external physical network equipment topological connection relation data in virtual networking to be passed to the controller for managing whole virtual networking and physical network, realize the discovering network topology of physical network and virtual networking.
Below the virtual networking method for discovering network topology that the application provides is described:
Be method flow diagram provided by the invention see Fig. 2, Fig. 2.This flow process is applied to the equipment such as physical equipment such as PC.In the present invention, virtual software installed by this physical equipment, can fictionalize the equipment such as VM, virtual switch by this virtual software on this physical equipment, and these equipment fictionalized are by being connected to form virtual networking.
In order to the topological connection relation data in virtual networking on physical equipment being passed to the outside physical network device (this physical network device is for showing and/or report the topological connection relation data of virtual networking on physical equipment) be connected with this physical equipment, in the present invention, dispose one on the physical devices for managing the Topology Management module of described virtual networking, particularly, this Topology Management module is the logic module increased in virtual software.
The described Topology Management module of physically based deformation its upper side administration, then as shown in Figure 2, the method can comprise the following steps:
Step 201, described Topology Management module obtains topological connection relation data in described virtual networking.
As one embodiment of the present of invention, in described virtual networking, topological connection relation data at least comprise following data:
The port that the mark of VM configured for the virtual machine VM in described virtual networking, VM be upper connects virtual switch, the mark of virtual switch be connected with described VM in described virtual networking and the described virtual switch that configures for described virtual switch connect the VLAN belonging to port of described VM, physical network card that described virtual switch is bound.
It should be noted that, the above-mentioned restriction to topological connection relation data is a kind of citing just, not limited range, and it can need setting according to real network, such as sets topological connection relation data and is:
The mark of VM configured for the virtual machine VM in described virtual networking, VM be upper connects the MAC Address etc. of the VLAN belonging to the port port of virtual switch, the MAC Address of this port, the mark of virtual switch be connected with described VM in described virtual networking and the described virtual switch that configures for described virtual switch connecting described VM, physical network card that described virtual switch is bound, this physical network card.
Illustrate as one, here for ease of describing, the VLAN belonging to the port physical network card mark of VM, the port of VM connection virtual switch, the mark of virtual switch, virtual switch bound, virtual switch connecting described VM is generally called five-tuple data, is all described containing this five-tuple data instance with topological connection relation packet in virtual networking below.
Step 202, topological connection relation data in described virtual networking are carried in LLDP message the external physical network equipment passed to this equipment connection by described Topology Management module.
Physical equipment first sets up LLDP neighborhood according to the physical network card on this equipment and the external physical network equipment in the starting stage, based on this, in this step 202, topological connection relation data in described virtual networking are carried in LLDP message and are sent, to pass to the external physical network equipment establishing LLDP neighborhood with this equipment by each physical network card on physical equipment by Topology Management module.As shown in Figure 3 a, physical equipment exist eth0 to eth1 totally three physical network cards, the external physical network equipment that eth0 connects is physical network device A, the external physical network equipment that eth1 connects is physical network device B, the external physical network equipment that eth2 connects is physical network device C, initially, physical equipment establishes LLDP neighborhood with physical network device A to C respectively by eth0 to eth1 three physical network cards, when then performing step 202, Topology Management module on physical equipment by topological connection relation Deta bearer in the virtual networking that obtains in step 201 at LLDP message, LLDP message is sent respectively by eth0 to eth1 three physical network cards, like this, external physical network equipment A to C will receive LLDP, achieve and topological connection relation data in virtual networking are dealt into the object of the external physical network equipment.
As one embodiment of the present of invention, in step 202., topological connection relation data in virtual networking are carried in LLDP message the external physical network equipment passed to this equipment connection and specifically can be by Topology Management module:
Step 1, topological connection relation data in described virtual networking are carried in LLDP message the LLDP process passed on this equipment by Topology Management module;
In the present invention, the LLDP process on physical equipment operates in the operating system of physical equipment, and Topology Management module passes to LLDP process by interface LLDP message.
Step 2, LLDP process sends by each physical network card on physical equipment LLDP message extremely the establishes LLDP neighborhood external physical network equipment with physical equipment.
In the present invention, if multiple physical network cards of binding physical equipment while of a virtual switch, eth0 to eth2 three physical network cards have been bound than virtual switch vswitch1 as shown in Figure 3 a simultaneously, then in step 202, at the physical network card that will differentiation needed when topological connection relation data are carried at LLDP message in virtual networking different, with topological connection relation data in virtual networking for five-tuple data instance, then distinguish different physical network cards by following form:
The physical network card of virtual switch binding, the mark of virtual switch, virtual switch connect the VLAN belonging to port of described VM, the mark of the VM of virtual switch connection, the port of VM upper connection virtual switch.
For Fig. 3 a, virtual switch vswitch1 binds eth0 to eth2 three physical network cards, wherein, vswitch1 connects the port G1 of VM1, and the VLAN belonging to port vswitch1 connecting VM1 is VLAN11, then according to above-mentioned form, following three five-tuple data are carried at LLDP message to distinguish different physical network cards:
eth0、vswitch1、VLAN11、VM1、G1;
eth1、vswitch1、VLAN11、VM1、G1;
eth2、vswitch1、VLAN11、VM1、G1。
And when a physical network card binds multiple virtual switch simultaneously, as shown in Figure 3 b, physical network card eth1 binds vswitch1, vswitch2 two virtual switches simultaneously, then in this step 202, at the virtual switch that will differentiation needed when topological connection relation data are carried at LLDP message in virtual networking different, with topological connection relation data in virtual networking for five-tuple data instance, then Topology Management module distinguishes different virtual switches by following form:
The mark of virtual switch, the physical network card of virtual switch binding, virtual switch connect the VLAN belonging to port of described VM, the mark of the VM of virtual switch connection, the port of VM upper connection virtual switch.
For Fig. 3 b, in the virtual networking that physical equipment fictionalizes, virtual switch vswitch1, vswitch2 bind a physical network card eth1 simultaneously, wherein, vswitch1 connects the port G1 on VM1, and the VLAN belonging to port vswitch1 connecting VM1 is VLAN11, vswitch2 connects the port G2 on VM2, and the VLAN belonging to port vswitch2 connecting VM2 is VLAN12, then according to above-mentioned form, following two five-tuple data are carried at LLDP message to distinguish different virtual switch vswitch1 and vswitch2:
vswitch1、eth1、VLAN11、VM1、G1;
vswitch2、eth1、VLAN12、VM2、G2。
So far, the description of 202 is completed.It should be noted that, in the present invention, for the ease of performing step 202, can require that LLDP supported by physical equipment.Certainly, if physical equipment does not support LLDP, then the function of LLDP can be provided by the virtual software that physical equipment is installed.
As one embodiment of the present of invention, particularly, topological connection relation data in described virtual networking are carried at LLDP message and can be by above topology administration module:
Become by topological connection relation Organization of Data in described virtual networking TLV to be encapsulated in link layer and find data protocol data unit (LLDPDU).In Fig. 4, dotted line shows this TLV be organized into.It should be noted that, in the present invention, with topological connection relation data in described virtual networking for five-tuple data instance, then these five-tuple data can take a TLV respectively, and also jointly can take a TLV, the present invention does not specifically limit.
In the present invention, when the external physical network equipment receives LLDP message, it can preserve topological connection relation data in the virtual networking that this LLDP message carries with the form of the management information bank of standard (MIB:Mangenment Information Base).Also namely now, the external physical network equipment such as switch obtains the topological connection relation of the virtual networking on its physical equipment such as PC connected.
When the external physical network equipment obtains topological connection relation data in the virtual networking that LLDP message carries, if the external physical network equipment supports SNMP, then in the external physical network equipment virtual networking that the LLDP message of this device-dependent physical topology annexation data and acquisition will be carried, the organization of unity of topological connection relation data sends to the controller for supervising the network topology in LLDP message, for SDN, then controller is just SDN controller.When controller receives the LLDP message of external physical network equipment transmission, it will obtain topological connection relation data and physical topology annexation data in the virtual networking that this LLDP message carries, and can describe and depict the full mesh topology of physical network and virtual network.
And if the external physical network equipment does not support SNMP, order line then by amendment or expansion LLDP checks topological connection relation data in the virtual networking that the external physical network equipment obtains, and the neighbor entry generating topological connection relation data in corresponding virtual networking is topological for the controller requester network for supervising the network topology.Here, when checking topological connection relation data in the virtual networking that the external physical network equipment obtains, the means of splicing flexibly can be considered, than avoiding equipment to the quantitative limitation of display field number.
As one embodiment of the present of invention, in the present invention, when the external physical network equipment receives the LLDP message of physical equipment transmission, it can return a LLDP message to physical equipment by the port receiving LLDP message, here, the LLDP message that described physical network device returns at least carries the mark of described physical network device, described port, default VLAN;
Topology Management module on physical equipment, when physical equipment receives the LLDP message returned from physical network device, describes the topology on this equipment between virtual networking and the external physical network equipment based on the described LLDP message received.
Above method provided by the invention is described.Below equipment provided by the invention is described:
Be equipment structure chart provided by the invention see Fig. 5, Fig. 5.This equipment is applied to the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and as shown in Figure 5, this equipment comprises:
Topology Management module, for managing the topology of described virtual networking, it comprises with lower unit:
Acquiring unit, for obtaining topological connection relation data in described virtual networking;
Packet sending unit, the topological connection relation data for being obtained by described acquiring unit are carried in link layer Neighbor Discovery Protocol LLDP message and pass to the external physical network equipment with this equipment connection.
Preferably, described topological connection relation data at least comprise:
The port that the mark of VM configured for the virtual machine VM in described virtual networking, VM be upper connects virtual switch, the mark of virtual switch be connected with described VM in described virtual networking and the described virtual switch that configures for described virtual switch connect the VLAN belonging to port of described VM, physical network card that described virtual switch is bound.
Preferably, topological connection relation data are carried in LLDP message and pass to the physical network device be connected with this physical equipment and comprise by described packet sending unit:
Described topological connection relation data to be carried in LLDP message and the LLDP process passed on this equipment;
By LLDP process by described LLDP message being sent to by each physical network card on this physical equipment the external physical network equipment establishing LLDP neighborhood with this equipment.
Preferably, described Topology Management module comprises further:
Message receiving element, for receiving the LLDP message that the external physical network equipment that establishes LLDP neighborhood with this equipment sends, the LLDP message that the external physical network equipment sends at least carries the mark of the external physical network equipment, the external physical network equipment sends LLDP message port, default VLAN;
Collector unit, for the topology described in the LLDP Receive message based on described message receiving element reception between virtual networking and the external physical network equipment.
So far, the equipment structure chart shown in Fig. 5 is completed.
Be another equipment structure chart provided by the invention see Fig. 6, Fig. 6.This equipment is applied to the physical network device be connected with the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and as shown in Figure 6, this equipment can comprise:
Receiving element, for receive and store described physical equipment send LLDP message;
Transmitting element, for when this equipment supports simple gateway management agreement SNMP, in the virtual networking carry the described LLDP message of originally device-dependent physical topology annexation data and acquisition, topological connection relation Organization of Data sends to the controller for supervising the network topology together; And,
When this equipment does not support SNMP, show topological connection relation data in the virtual networking that described LLDP carries by LLDP order line.
So far, the equipment structure chart shown in Fig. 6 is completed.
As can be seen from the above technical solutions, in the present invention, by increasing a Topology Management module on the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, topological connection relation data in described virtual networking are obtained by this Topology Management module, and described topological connection relation data to be carried in LLDP message and to pass to the external physical network equipment with this equipment connection by the LLDP process on this equipment, like this, the topological connection relation of virtual networking can be passed to the equipment in physical network, achieve the Topology Discovery of virtual networking;
Further, in the present invention, by the network layer protocol of standard and LLDP, the topological connection relation data in virtual networking are passed to the external physical network equipment, do not rely on special webmastering software, more economically, simple, practical.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment made, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a virtual networking method for discovering network topology, is characterized in that, the method is applied to the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and described physical equipment has the Topology Management module for managing described virtual networking, and the method comprises:
Described Topology Management module obtains topological connection relation data in described virtual networking;
Described topological connection relation data are carried in link layer Neighbor Discovery Protocol LLDP message and pass to the external physical network equipment with this equipment connection by described Topology Management module.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described topological connection relation data at least comprise:
The port that the mark of VM configured for the virtual machine VM in described virtual networking, VM be upper connects virtual switch, the mark of virtual switch be connected with described VM in described virtual networking and the described virtual switch that configures for described virtual switch connect the VLAN belonging to port of described VM, physical network card that described virtual switch is bound.
3. method according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, topological connection relation data are carried in LLDP message and pass to the physical network device be connected with this physical equipment and comprise by Topology Management module:
Described topological connection relation data to be carried in LLDP message and the LLDP process passed on this equipment;
By each physical network card on this physical equipment, described LLDP message is sent to the external physical network equipment establishing LLDP neighborhood with this equipment by LLDP process.
4. method according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the method comprises further:
The LLDP message that the external physical network equipment that described Topology Management module receives and this equipment establishes LLDP neighborhood sends, the LLDP message that the external physical network equipment sends at least carries the mark of the external physical network equipment, port, the default VLAN of external physical network equipment transmission LLDP message;
Described Topology Management module is based on the topology described in the described LLDP Receive message received between virtual networking and the external physical network equipment.
5. a virtual networking method for discovering network topology, is characterized in that, the method is applied to the physical network device be connected with the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and the method comprises:
Receive and store described physical equipment send LLDP message;
When this equipment supports simple gateway management agreement SNMP, in the virtual networking carry the described LLDP message of originally device-dependent physical topology annexation data and acquisition, topological connection relation Organization of Data sends to the controller for supervising the network topology together;
When this equipment does not support SNMP, show topological connection relation data in the virtual networking that described LLDP carries by LLDP order line.
6. a virtual networking discovering network topology equipment, is characterized in that, this equipment is applied to the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and this equipment comprises:
Topology Management module, for managing the topology of described virtual networking, it comprises with lower unit:
Acquiring unit, for obtaining topological connection relation data in described virtual networking;
Packet sending unit, the topological connection relation data for being obtained by described acquiring unit are carried in link layer Neighbor Discovery Protocol LLDP message and pass to the external physical network equipment with this equipment connection.
7. equipment according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described topological connection relation data at least comprise:
The port that the mark of VM configured for the virtual machine VM in described virtual networking, VM be upper connects virtual switch, the mark of virtual switch be connected with described VM in described virtual networking and the described virtual switch that configures for described virtual switch connect the VLAN belonging to port of described VM, physical network card that described virtual switch is bound.
8. the equipment according to claim 6 or 7, is characterized in that, topological connection relation data are carried in LLDP message and pass to the physical network device be connected with this physical equipment and comprise by described packet sending unit:
Described topological connection relation data to be carried in LLDP message and the LLDP process passed on this equipment;
By LLDP process by described LLDP message being sent to by each physical network card on this physical equipment the external physical network equipment establishing LLDP neighborhood with this equipment.
9. the equipment according to claim 6 or 7, is characterized in that, described Topology Management module comprises further:
Message receiving element, for receiving the LLDP message that the external physical network equipment that establishes LLDP neighborhood with this equipment sends, the LLDP message that the external physical network equipment sends at least carries the mark of the external physical network equipment, the external physical network equipment sends LLDP message port, default VLAN;
Collector unit, for the topology described in the LLDP Receive message based on described message receiving element reception between virtual networking and the external physical network equipment.
10. a virtual networking discovering network topology equipment, is characterized in that, this equipment is applied to the physical network device be connected with the physical equipment that there is virtual networking, and this equipment comprises:
Receiving element, for receive and store described physical equipment send LLDP message;
Transmitting element, for when this equipment supports simple gateway management agreement SNMP, in the virtual networking carry the described LLDP message of originally device-dependent physical topology annexation data and acquisition, topological connection relation Organization of Data sends to the controller for supervising the network topology together; And,
When this equipment does not support SNMP, show topological connection relation data in the virtual networking that described LLDP carries by LLDP order line.
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