CN1044630C - Electronic lock and electronic key thereof - Google Patents

Electronic lock and electronic key thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1044630C
CN1044630C CN 96120743 CN96120743A CN1044630C CN 1044630 C CN1044630 C CN 1044630C CN 96120743 CN96120743 CN 96120743 CN 96120743 A CN96120743 A CN 96120743A CN 1044630 C CN1044630 C CN 1044630C
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signal
memory
electronic
circuit
key
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CN 96120743
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CN1154435A (en
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宗祥后
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宗祥后
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00182Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated with unidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C2009/00753Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by active electrical keys
    • G07C2009/00769Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by active electrical keys with data transmission performed by wireless means
    • G07C2009/00785Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by active electrical keys with data transmission performed by wireless means by light
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C2209/00Indexing scheme relating to groups G07C9/00 - G07C9/02
    • G07C2209/60Indexing scheme relating to groups G07C9/00174 - G07C9/00944
    • G07C2209/62Comprising means for indicating the status of the lock

Abstract

本发明属于电动对号锁,即电子锁发生动作的指令和能使指令产生作用的电子暗号由电子钥匙来决定。 The present invention pertains to a permutation lock motor, i.e., the instruction operation of the electronic lock and the occurrence of an instruction to make an effect of the electronic signal is determined by the electronic key. 主要特点为电子钥匙由存储器、指令按键电路、经外定向发射信号电路和电源组成;电子锁由记忆暗号电路、对照暗号电路、红外记忆暗号指令电信号接收电路、电信号处理电路、产生制动电信号电路、电子锁的电磁阀门,其他功能的控制电磁阀和电源组成。 The main features of the electronic key from the memory, the instruction key circuit, the directional transmission signal by the external power supply circuit and a composition; electronic lock signal from the memory circuit, a control signal circuit, an infrared command signal memory circuit receiving an electric signal, the electric signal processing circuit, a braking electrical circuits, electronic lock electromagnetic valve, solenoid valves and other control functions of the power composition. 本发明具有保密性强、安全性高,可按人的意愿随意设定功能,并能达到通用目的,使用方便简单,成本低廉,可以在任向有关和开关系的领域内广泛地被利用。 The present invention has confidentiality, and high safety can be arbitrarily set the will function, and can achieve a general-purpose, simple and easy to use, low cost, may be widely utilized in the field relating to the opening and in any relationship.

Description

电子钥匙和电子锁 Electronic key and electronic locks

本发明属于电动对号锁,即电子锁发生动作的指令和能使指令产生作用的电子暗号由电子钥匙来决定。 The present invention pertains to a permutation lock motor, i.e., the instruction operation of the electronic lock and the occurrence of an instruction to make an effect of the electronic signal is determined by the electronic key.

现有技术的电子锁,它的制动暗号,都是由电子锁决定,然后再利用各种方式传送给电子钥匙记忆,此时电子钥匙才具备使电子锁发生制动的功能,电子钥匙的暗号一经决定后,本体便无法作任何改变(如卡片等形式的各种电子钥匙)。 Electronic lock the prior art, it is a brake signal, it is determined by the electronic lock, and then use various means to the electronic key memory, this time only with the electronic key function of the electronic lock braking occurs, the electronic key after the signal has been decided, the body can not make any changes (such as in the form of cards and other electronic key). 若要改变暗号,必须先改变电子锁的暗号然后再作成新的电子钥匙(比如目前酒店使用的卡片电子钥匙等等)。 To change the sign, you must first change the electronic lock signal and then made a new electronic key (such as the current use of the hotel's electronic key cards, etc.). 也就是说,通常的电子钥匙只能一次性使用,不具备通用性。 In other words, the usual electronic key for single use only, do not have the versatility. 通常电子锁是主动的,电子钥匙是被动的,电子钥匙的一切功能都由电子锁来决定,这种电子钥匙的缺点,除不具备通用性外,还因暗号裸露(暗号永远裸露地存在于电子钥匙的本体)很容易被破译,因此安全性不高。 Usually electronic lock is active, passive electronic key, all functions of the electronic key to the decision by the electronic lock, electronic key disadvantage of this, in addition to not have the versatility, but also due to signal nudity (bare signal is always present in the electronic key body) can easily be deciphered, so security is not high.

本发明的目的就是针对现有技术的不足之处,设计一种电子锁发生动作的指令和能使指令产生作用的电子暗号,都由电子钥匙来决定,这种电子锁和电子钥匙保密性强,安全性高,可按人的意愿随意设定功能,并能达到通用的目的。 The present invention is for the shortcomings of the prior art, to design an electronic lock can occur and the operation instruction command generation function electronic signal, the electronic key is determined by such an electronic lock and an electronic key confidentiality , high security, according to the will arbitrarily setting function, and can achieve a common purpose.

本发明的技术解决方案为:发送器电子钥匙由存储器、指令按键电路、红外定向发射信号电路和电源组成;接收器电子锁由记忆暗号电路、对照暗号电路、红外记忆暗号指令电信号接收电路、电信号处理电路;驱动器由产生制动电信号电路、电子锁的电磁阀门、其他功能(报警、防犯、记录)的控制电磁阀和电源组成。 Technical solutions of the present invention are: the transmitter the electronic key by the memory, the instruction key circuit, the directional infrared signal transmitting circuit and a power supply consisting of; a receiver electronic lock signal from the memory circuit, a control signal circuit, an infrared receiving circuit electrical command signal memory, electrical signal processing circuit; brake electrical signal generated by a drive circuit, the solenoid valve electronic lock, other functions (alarm, crime prevention, recording) and the solenoid valve control power supply.

结合附图对本发明结构作进一步详细说明。 In conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the structure of the present invention is described in further detail.

附图1为本发明框架示意图:A电子钥匙,B电子锁,1存储器,2指令按键电路,3红外定向发射信号电路,4电源,5记忆暗号电路,6对照暗号电路,7红外记忆暗号指令电信号接收电路,8电信号处理电路,9产生制动电信号电路,10电子锁的电磁阀门,11报警、防犯、记录的控制电磁阀,12电源。 1 a schematic view of the present invention, reference frame: A electronic key, B electronic lock, a memory, a command key circuit 2, an infrared directional transmission signal circuit 3, the power supply 4, signal memory circuit 5, the control signal circuit 6, the memory 7 infrared command signal electrical receiving circuit, the electric signal processing circuit 8, 9 generating electrical braking circuit, the solenoid valve 10 of the electronic lock, alarm 11, crime prevention, the recording control solenoid valve, the power supply 12.

1与2联接,2与3联接,3与7联接,7同时与5和8联接,8与6联接,5与6联接,6与9联接,9与10和11联接。 1 and 2 is coupled, the coupling 2 and 3, the coupling 3 and 7, 5 and 7 simultaneously with the coupling 8, 8 and 6 is coupled, the coupling 5 and 6, the coupling 6 and 9, 9 and 10 and the coupling 11.

图2为记忆暗号电路实施原理示意图,13管理人输入指令电信号Ⅰ记忆暗号,14居住者输入指令电信号Ⅱ记忆暗号,15初期状态1-N记忆暗号均为0,16管理人输入Ⅰ记忆暗号,17居住者输入Ⅱ记忆暗号,18关系者或特殊情况输入Ⅲ-N记忆暗号,19Ⅰ记忆暗号对照后产生功能,20消除Ⅰ或Ⅱ-N全部记忆暗号,21Ⅱ记忆暗号对照后产生功能,22Ⅲ-N记忆暗号对照后产生功能,23门的开启或关闭动作形成,24消除Ⅱ或Ⅲ-N全部记忆暗号,25消除Ⅲ-N记忆暗号,26为关系者或为非常状态时使用指令电信号Ⅲ-N记忆暗号,27防犯、报警及其他动作,28指令Ⅱ产生记忆功能,29指令Ⅲ-N产生记忆功能,30可附设时间记录。 Figure 2 is a schematic view of the principle of signal memory circuit embodiment, the input 13 representative electrical instruction signal Ⅰ memory, 14 an electric signal input command occupants Ⅱ memory signal, the initial state of 1-N memory 15 are signal input Ⅰ Memory Manager 0,16 signal, 17 memory ⅱ occupants input signal, or special relationship 18 where the input signal memory ⅲ-N, the function of generating a control signal 19Ⅰ memory, or 20 ⅰ eliminate all memory ⅱ-N signal, the function of generating a control signal 21Ⅱ memory, usage instruction electrically when 22Ⅲ-N memories generating the signal control function 23 opening or closing action is formed, 24 to eliminate ⅱ or ⅲ-N all the memory signal, 25 to eliminate ⅲ-N memory signal, 26 is a relationship or a very state signal memory ⅲ-N signal, 27 crime prevention, alarm and other operation, ⅱ generation instruction memory 28, instruction 29 is generated memory ⅲ-N, 30 may be attached to the recording time.

13与16、19联接,16与17联接,14与17联接,17与18联接,15与16联接,18与19联接,20与19联接,25与22联接,21与22联接,22与23联接,24与21联接,26与22、18联接,27与22联接,28与17、19联接,29与18、21联接,13、14、26中指令电信号和记忆暗号同时产生。 16, 19 and 13 is coupled, the coupling 16 and 17, 14 and 17 is coupled, the coupling 17 and 18, 15 and 16 is coupled, the coupling 18 and 19, 20 and 19 is coupled, the coupling 25 and 22, 21 and the coupling 22, 22 and 23 coupling, the coupling 24 and 21, 22, 18 and 26 is coupled, the coupling 27 and 22, 17, 19 and 28 is coupled, the coupling 29 and 18, 21, 13,14,26 memory instruction signal and an electrical signal is generated simultaneously.

存储器的功能是可以产生数组(复数)以手书写方式将数字、各种字母、汉字或图形等转换成为数字电子暗号,并按指令进行记忆或按指令将记忆电子暗号消除;指令按键电路功能是按动指令按键即产生指令电信号;红外定向发射信号电路是按指令发射指令电信号和指定的电子暗号。 Function of the memory array is to be generated (s) by hand writing digital manner, various letters, characters or other graphic into a digital electronic signal, according to instructions by the instruction memory or electronic memory to eliminate signal; command function key circuit i.e. pressing the button command generates a command electrical signal; directional infrared signal transmitting circuit transmitting a command according to the command electrical signal and the specified electronic signal. 电子锁可以接收由电子钥匙发来的电子暗号或数组电子暗号以及指令电信号,并按电子钥匙的指令完成指令动作,如记忆暗号或分组记忆复数暗号、记录、防犯、报警、消除一组或数组记忆暗号、开锁或闭锁等等,按人的意愿设定的其他指令动作。 Electronic locks the electronic key may be received by an electronic signal sent by an array of electronic or electrical signal and the command signal, the electronic key press operation instruction completion instruction, such as a memory signal or packet signal a plurality of memory, records, crime prevention, alarm, or to eliminate a group an array of memory signal, unlocking or locking and so on, according to the wishes of the other instructions set action.

因电子钥匙本身的电子暗号,可以按指令被记忆或消除记忆,所以电子钥匙在无电子暗号记忆时被遗失,则不存在被他人利用的可能,如要使电子锁发生指令动作时,可以重新输入原来设定的信号,则可瞬时恢复功能。 The electronic key itself due to the electronic signal, or may be memorized by the command to eliminate the memory, the electronic key is lost when there is no memory of the electronic signal, others can be utilized not exist, as to make the electronic lock occurs when the operation command can be re- the original setting of the input signal can be instantaneous recovery.

记忆暗号电路中,Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ至N为数个记忆暗号,Ⅰ为只有管理人才能设定的记忆暗号、Ⅱ为只有居住者才能设定的记忆暗号、Ⅲ-N为居住者同意给他人(关系者)留用的记忆暗号(如清洁工、同居住者等)或为居住者设定的非常状态时使用的记忆暗号。 Signal memory circuit, Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ to N signal into several memories, Ⅰ for the administrator only memory set signal, Ⅱ occupants can be set to signal the memory, Ⅲ-N occupants agree to others (relationship's) memory retention signal (e.g., cleaners, with the occupants and the like) used for signal memory or the abnormal condition is set by the occupants.

使用Ⅰ记忆暗号的功能是除了当管理人用电子钥匙发出和Ⅰ相同的暗号,使被管理的居住者的门发生开启或关闭的指令动作外,还能使Ⅱ得到开始记忆暗号所必须的指令电信号,以及使所有的记忆暗号,或者除了Ⅰ以外所有的记忆暗号消除(恢复初始状态)。 Use Ⅰ cipher function memory manager is sent except when the same electronic key and Ⅰ signal, so that the occupants managed door opening or closing operation instruction occurs outside, but also to give instruction to start memory signal Ⅱ necessary an electrical signal and causing all the memories, or in addition to all the memory signal elimination ⅰ (return to the original state).

使用Ⅱ记忆暗号的功能是居住者除了能使自己的门发生开启或关闭的指令动作外,还能使Ⅲ-N得到开始记忆暗号所必须的指令电信号,以及发出指令使除了Ⅰ以外的所有的记忆暗号个别或一起消除。 Use Ⅱ cipher function memory to make their occupants in addition to a door opening or closing command action occurs outside, but also to give instruction Ⅲ-N electrical signal necessary to start the memory, and issuing an instruction of all except Ⅰ the individual memory signal or eliminated altogether.

使用Ⅲ记忆暗号的功能是除了能使关系者指令门的开启或关闭外,还能产生居住者设定的非常状态时利用的防犯、报警等指令动作。 Use Ⅲ cipher function memory is in addition to those used when the relationship enables the door opening or closing command, the status of the occupants can set a very crime prevention, alarm and other operation instructions. 但不具备消除任何记忆信号的功能。 But it does not have any memory of cancellation signal.

本发明由于电子锁所发生动作的指令和能使指令产生作用的电子暗号,都由电子钥匙来决定,因电子钥匙本身的电子暗号,可以被指定、被记忆,也可按指令消除记忆,故电子钥匙在无电子暗号记忆时被遗失,则不存在被他人利用的可能,如要使电子锁发生指令动作时,可以重新输入原来设定的信号,则可瞬时恢复功能,故本发明具有保密性强,安全性高,可按人的意愿随意设定功能,并能达到通用目的;使用方法简单、成本低廉,可以在任何有关和开关系的领域内广泛地被利用。 The present invention, since the operation of an electronic lock command occurred and command generation can effect electronic signal, is determined by the electronic key, the electronic signal by the electronic key itself, may be specified by the memory, in accordance with instructions to eliminate the memory, so that the electronic key was lost in the absence of an electronic signal memory, others can be utilized not exist, such as when an operation instruction to make the electronic lock occurs, the original input signal can be re-set, can be instantaneous recovery, the present invention is therefore confidential strong, safe, according to the wishes arbitrarily setting function, and can achieve the general object; the use of simple, low cost, may be widely utilized in the field relating to any and apart relation.

本发明实施例:例1,电子钥匙的存储器1首先将以手书方式输入的数字、各种字母、汉字或图形等转换成数字电子暗号存储在电子钥匙本体内记忆,也可随时消除。 Example 1, the digital memory of the electronic key 1 will first handwritten input mode, various letters, characters or the like into a digital electronic signal pattern stored in the memory of the electronic key body, may also eliminate: Example embodiments of the present invention. 按动电路2的指令按键时(电子锁记忆电子暗号的指令、消除电子暗号的指令、开锁或闭锁的指令,以及其他特殊设定的指令等等),红外定向发射电路3将电子暗号和指令电信号同时发送给红外记忆暗号指令电信号接收电路7。 2 while pressing the command key circuit (the electronic memory of the electronic lock command signal, a command signal to eliminate electronic, unlocking or locking command, and other special set of instructions, etc.), the directional infrared signal transmitting circuit 3 and the electronic command simultaneously transmits electrical signals to the infrared command signal memory circuit 7 receives the electric signal. 记忆暗号电路5接收7发来的记忆暗号,按指令全部被记忆,电信号处理电路8接收7发来的指令电信号,然后输入对照暗号电路6中进行核对,(电路6与电路5输出暗号核对),核对无误,电路6将暗号输出到产生制动电信号电路9,由9输出信号到电磁阀门10或其它功能的控制电磁阀11,完成各种指令。 Memory circuit 5 receives the signal sent to the memory signal 7, 8 are all according to instructions received electrical command 7 sent to memory, the electric signal processing circuit, and a control signal input circuit 6 collating (circuit 6 and the output signal circuit 5 check), the collation is correct, the circuit 6 generates a brake signal to an electrical signal output circuit 9, the output signal 9 to the solenoid valve 10 or the solenoid valve 11 control other functions, the completion of various instructions.

例2,记忆暗号电路5中实施原理,(1)当电子锁处在初始状态无电子暗号被记忆(记忆暗号为0),仅有管理人员Ⅰ能被接收记忆暗号,当管理人同时发出Ⅰ记忆暗号和记忆指令电信号时,Ⅰ完成记忆功能,此时门的开启或关闭的动作只能由管理人的Ⅰ记忆暗号和指令电信号来完成,程序为13→16→19→23。 2 embodiment, the memory circuit 5 embodying the principles of signal, (1) in an initial state when the electronic lock signal no electrons are memory (memory signal is 0), only the memory management Ⅰ signal can be received, when the administrator also issued Ⅰ memory memory instruction signal and an electric signal, memory ⅰ completed, the door open or closed at this time the operation must be applied by the electrical signal and the command signal ⅰ memory manager, a program for the 13 → 16 → 19 → 23.

(2)当居住者Ⅱ有权居住时,必须由管理人Ⅰ向电子锁同时发出Ⅰ记忆暗号和使Ⅱ能产生记忆功能的指令电信号,程序为13→16→19→28→17,此时居住者Ⅱ向电子锁同时发出Ⅱ记忆暗号和完成记忆的指令电信号,Ⅱ才能完成记忆的功能,并可随时更换Ⅱ记忆暗号,程序为14→17。 (2) when the occupants Ⅱ right to live, must be issued by the administrator to the electronic lock while Ⅰ Ⅰ Ⅱ memory enable signal and to produce an electrical signal instruction memory, a program for the 13 → 16 → 19 → 28 → 17, this when occupants ⅱ ⅱ simultaneously issued to the electronic lock memories completion instruction signal and the electrical memory, ⅱ to complete the memory function, and can be replaced at any time ⅱ signal memory, the program for the 14 → 17.

(3)当居住者欲利用Ⅲ-N记忆暗号功能时,向电子锁同时发出Ⅱ记忆暗号和使Ⅲ-N能产生记忆功能的指令电信号,Ⅲ-N才能产生可以记忆的功能,程序为14→17→21→29→18,此时由居住者的关系者或由居住者本人指令向电子锁,同时发出Ⅲ-N记忆暗号和完成记忆的指令电信号,Ⅲ-N才能完成记忆的功能,程序为26→18,但Ⅲ-N的记忆暗号一经设立后,便不能轻易改变,即由26→18和22→25的消除记忆暗号和再产生新的记忆暗号的指令无效,如要改变Ⅲ-N的记忆暗号,必须由居住者同时发出Ⅱ记忆暗号及Ⅲ-N记忆暗号消除的指令,使Ⅲ-N记忆暗号消除后,并重复程序14→17→21→29→18才能使Ⅲ-N建立新的记忆暗号。 (3) When the occupant desires to utilize an Ⅲ-N signal memory function, simultaneously sent to the electronic lock memories Ⅱ Ⅲ-N signal, and so electrical energy generation instruction memory function, Ⅲ-N to produce memory function can be programmed for 14 → 17 → 21 → 29 → 18, the relationship at this time by the occupant or by the occupant himself to an electronic lock command also issued memory ⅲ-N electrical signal and complete the instruction memory, to complete ⅲ-N memory function, a procedure for the 26 → 18, but ⅲ-N memory signal, once established, can not be easily changed, i.e., ineffective by the 26 → 18 and instructions to eliminate 22 → 25 memory signal and produce a new memory signal, such as to change memory ⅲ-N signal must be issued by the occupant while the instruction memory ⅱ ⅲ-N signal, and the memory signal to eliminate the ⅲ-N signal after the elimination of the memory, and the procedure is repeated 14 → 17 → 21 → 29 → 18 in order to make ⅲ-N signal to create a new memory.

(4)当管理人员被更换时,原管理人员向电子锁同时发出Ⅰ记忆暗号和使Ⅰ记忆暗号消除的指令电信号,程序为13→16→19→20,此时原管理人设定的记忆暗号被消除,即由新管理人按13→16的程序同时发出新的Ⅰ记忆暗号和记忆指令电信号后,新的Ⅰ记忆暗号生成,此完成过程中Ⅱ-N原设定的状况和功能不变。 (4) When the management personnel to be replaced, the original management issued to the electronic lock and enable signal while the memory Ⅰ Ⅰ memory electrical signal cancellation instruction, the program for the 13 → 16 → 19 → 20, the former case manager set the memory signal is removed, i.e. 13 → 16 according to the procedure from the new manager issues a new instruction memory ⅰ memory electrical signal and simultaneously, a new memory ⅰ signal generated, to complete this process ⅱ-N and the original set of conditions function unchanged.

(5)当居住者被更换时,由管理人同时发出Ⅰ记忆暗号和使Ⅱ-N记忆暗号全部消除的指令电信号,程序为13→16→19→20此时Ⅱ-N的记忆暗号全部消除,新的居住者将按程序13→16→19→28→17和14→17完成新的Ⅱ记忆暗号设定。 (5) when the occupant is replaced by a memory manager also issued Ⅰ command signal and the electrical signal so that the memory Ⅱ-N signal is completely eliminated, the program for the 13 → 16 → 19 → 20 Ⅱ-N In this case all the memory signal elimination, new occupants will program 13 → 16 → 19 → 28 → 17 and 14 → 17 ⅱ memory to complete the new setting signal.

Claims (5)

1. 1. 一种由发送器、接收器、驱动器组成的电子钥匙(A)和电子锁(B),其特征在于发送器包括存储器(1)、指令按健电路(2)、红外定向发射信号电路(3);接收器包括记忆暗号电路(5)、对照暗号电路(6)、红外记忆暗号指令电信号接收电路(7)、电信号处理电路(8);驱动器包括产生制动电信号(9)、电子锁的电磁阀门(10)、报警、防犯、记录的控制电磁阀(11)。 One kind of a transmitter, a receiver, a driver consisting of an electronic key (A) and an electronic lock (B), characterized in that the transmitter comprises a memory (1), instruction by health circuit (2), an infrared directional transmission signal generating circuit (3 ); receiver includes signal memory circuit (5), a control signal circuit (6), an infrared command signal received electrical signal memory circuit (7), an electric signal processing circuit (8); a brake actuator comprising generating an electrical signal (9), electromagnetic valves of the electronic lock (10), the alarm, crime prevention, control solenoid valve (11) recorded.
2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的电子钥匙和电子锁,其特征在于存储器是以手书方式输入的数字、各种字母、汉字和图形,并以数字电子暗号存储在A中。 The electronic key and an electronic lock according to claim 1, characterized in that the digital storage mode is handwritten input, various letters, characters and graphics, and stored in digital electronic signal in A.
3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的电子钥匙和电子锁,其特征在于指令按键电路(2)设有记忆电子暗号的指令,消除电子暗号的指令,开锁或闭锁的指令,以及其他特殊设定的指令。 The electronic key and an electronic lock according to claim 1, characterized in that the command key circuit (2) is provided with an electronic memory command signal, a command signal to eliminate the electronic unlocking or locking command, and other special instruction set.
4. 4. 根据权利要求1所述的电子钥匙和电子锁,其特征在于其他功能的控制电磁阀设有记录、防犯、报警的指令。 The electronic key and an electronic lock according to claim 1, characterized in that the solenoid valve is provided with other functions recorded crime prevention alarm instruction.
5. 5. 根据权利要求1所述的电子钥匙和电子锁,其特征在于记忆暗号电路(5)包括管理人输入记忆暗号(Ⅰ)、居住者输入记忆暗号(Ⅱ)、居住者同意给他人留用的记忆暗号或为居住者设定的非常状态时使用的记忆暗号(Ⅲ-N)。 The electronic key and an electronic lock according to claim 1, characterized in that the signal memory circuit (5) comprises a memory manager input signal (Ⅰ), occupants input signal memory (Ⅱ), occupants agree to others retained memory signal or from memory signal (ⅲ-N) is used for setting the state of the occupants.
CN 96120743 1996-12-04 1996-12-04 Electronic lock and electronic key thereof CN1044630C (en)

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CN 96120743 CN1044630C (en) 1996-12-04 1996-12-04 Electronic lock and electronic key thereof
JP33310397A JPH10169273A (en) 1996-12-04 1997-12-03 Electronic-key-operated lock device
PCT/CN1997/000139 WO1998024998A1 (en) 1996-12-04 1997-12-04 Electronic key and electronic lock
AU51868/98A AU5186898A (en) 1996-12-04 1997-12-04 Electronic key and electronic lock

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CN1044630C true CN1044630C (en) 1999-08-11

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CN1744641B (en) 2004-08-31 2011-03-16 乐金电子(中国)研究开发中心有限公司 Mobile communication terminal based locking method and system
CN103116913B (en) * 2011-11-16 2015-11-18 深圳光启智能光子技术有限公司 A door control method and system
CN103745517A (en) * 2014-01-20 2014-04-23 萧进宏 Key with key password and intelligent lockset matched with key
CN105715119A (en) * 2016-01-23 2016-06-29 中山聚昌自动化设备科技有限公司 Multi-functional lockset provided with key password
CN106097505B (en) * 2016-06-15 2018-05-25 苏州经贸职业技术学院 Infrared kinds of locks

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FR2420008B1 (en) * 1978-03-17 1980-08-22 Neiman Sa
DE3237622A1 (en) * 1982-10-11 1984-04-12 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag safety device
US4573046A (en) * 1983-11-01 1986-02-25 Universal Photonics, Inc. Watch apparatus and method for a universal electronic locking system
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JPH0311357B2 (en) * 1984-06-28 1991-02-15 Kanematsu Kk
SE8503257L (en) * 1985-07-01 1987-01-02 Volvo Ab electronic locking system

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WO1998024998A1 (en) 1998-06-11
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