CN104454899A - Nut with oil discharge function - Google Patents

Nut with oil discharge function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104454899A
CN104454899A CN 201410755829 CN201410755829A CN104454899A CN 104454899 A CN104454899 A CN 104454899A CN 201410755829 CN201410755829 CN 201410755829 CN 201410755829 A CN201410755829 A CN 201410755829A CN 104454899 A CN104454899 A CN 104454899A
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CN
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
oil
nut
outlet
flow
passes
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201410755829
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾林男
Original Assignee
苏州市顺仪五金有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B33/00Features common to bolt and nut
    • F16B33/008Corrosion preventing means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B37/00Nuts or like thread-engaging members

Abstract

The invention discloses a nut with an oil discharge function. The nut comprises a nut body. A threaded hole is formed in the nut body. An annular oil storage groove is formed in the nut body and is filled with lubricating oil. At least two oil outlet holes are formed in the nut body axially. Each oil outlet hole comprises an oil inlet flow pass and two oil outlet flow passes in the shape of a labyrinth. The oil inlet flow passes are communicated with the oil storage groove. The oil outlet flow passes are communicated with the threaded hole. A piston is arranged at an opening of the oil storage groove. An even number of push rods in ring array arrangement are connected to the outer end of the piston. A push ring is arranged at the outer ends of the push rods. The bolt with the oil discharge function has the advantages that the bolt is simple in structure, convenient to use and high in oil discharge and lubrication efficiency; since each oil outlet hole comprises the two oil outlet flow passes in the shape of the labyrinth, and the lubricating oil is stored in the oil storage groove and is not leaked, so that lubrication effect during use of the lubricating oil is guaranteed.

Description

一种出油螺母 One kind of nut oil

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种螺母,特别是一种出油螺母,属于机械紧固件技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a nut, in particular a nut oil, belonging to the technical field of mechanical fasteners.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 螺母就是螺帽,与螺栓或螺杆拧在一起用来起紧固作用的零件,被广泛的用于机械设备中。 [0002] The nut is a nut, a bolt or a screw for screwing together the parts from the clamping action, it is widely used in mechanical devices. 但是在现在的企业中,由于缺乏定期对机械设备的维护保养,同时在环境潮湿等因素的影响下,会造成螺栓锈死,导致螺栓卸不下来,造成不必要的麻烦,影响工作效率,耽误了机械设备的正常运作。 But in today's enterprises, due to lack of regular maintenance of the mechanical equipment while under the influence of environmental factors such as humidity will cause the bolts rust, leading to unload bolt for it, cause unnecessary trouble, affecting work efficiency, delay the normal operation of machinery and equipment.

[0003] 如中国发明专利《一种螺母》,申请号为201120460564.5,公开了一种螺母,当该螺母与其配合的螺栓在潮湿的环境中或者有害气体侵蚀下发生锈死后,拔出塞子I,圆形储油槽内的润滑油就能渗润螺栓的螺杆与螺母结合部,使得螺母能够快速的卸下。 [0003] The Chinese patent "an nut", Application No. 201120460564.5 discloses a nut, the nut when the bolt cooperating therewith occurs in humid environments or under attack of harmful gases rust death, pull plug I, the lubricant oil tank can be circular bleed screw and nut coupling portion of the bolt run, so that the nut can be quickly removed. 该螺母在使用时,润滑油是自然流入螺栓的螺杆与螺母结合部的,没有任何助力动作,可能会导致出油孔不出润滑油,出油和润滑效率慢。 When the nut is used, the lubricating oil flows into the natural binding portion of the screw and the nut of the bolt, no power operation, the hole may not cause lubricating oil, lubrication oil and the slow efficiency.

[0004] 又如中国发明专利《一种六角螺母》,申请号为201220146248.5,公开了一种六角螺母,当该螺母与其配合的螺栓在潮湿的环境中或者有害气体侵蚀下发生锈死后,加热器能够将处于油槽内的固态润滑油融化呈液态,渗润螺栓的螺杆与螺母结合部,使得螺母能够快速的卸下。 [0004] Another example is the Chinese invention patent "an hexagonal nut," Application No. 201220146248.5 discloses a hexagonal nut, the nut when the bolt cooperating therewith occurs in humid environments or under erosion rust death of harmful gases, the heater can be in the solid state in the lubricating oil sump in a liquid melt, screw and nut in conjunction with a blur bolt portion, so that the nut can be quickly removed. 同样,该螺母在使用时,润滑油是自然流入螺栓的螺杆与螺母结合部的,没有任何助力动作,可能会导致出油孔不出润滑油,出油和润滑效率慢。 Similarly, when the nut is used, the lubricating oil flows into the natural binding nut screw portion of the bolt, no power operation, the hole may not cause lubricating oil, lubrication oil and the slow efficiency.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 针对上述存在的技术问题,本发明的目的是:提出了一种润滑油受压被挤压渗出的出油螺母。 [0005] For the above technical problems, an object of the present invention is: A lubricating oil pressurized oil exuded extruded nut.

[0006] 本发明的技术解决方案是这样实现的:一种出油螺母,包括螺母本体,所述螺母本体内开有螺纹孔,所述螺母本体内部设有环形储油槽;所述储油槽内设满润滑油;所述螺母本体上轴向开有至少两个出油孔;所述出油孔包括进油流道和出油流道;所述进油流道与储油槽相通;所述出油流道与螺纹孔相通;所述出油流道设有两条,且呈迷宫状;所述储油槽的开口处设有活塞;所述活塞的外端连接有推杆;所述推杆环形阵列设置有偶数个;所述推杆的外端设有推环。 [0006] Technical Solution The present invention is achieved: one nut oil, comprising a nut body, the nut body are threaded hole, the nut body is provided with an annular inner oil reservoir; said oil reservoir disposed over the lubricating oil; axial hole opening out on at least two of said nut body; said hole comprises an oil inlet channel and an oil flow passage; the oil inlet flow passage communicating with the sump; the an oil flow passage communicating with the threaded bore; the oil flow passage is provided with two, and the labyrinth-like form; the opening of the sump is provided with a piston; an outer end of the push rod is connected to the piston; the push the rod is provided with an annular array of an even number; the outer end of the push rod with the push ring.

[0007] 优选的,所述推环与螺母本体之间留有间隙;所述间隙内设有橡胶圈。 [0007] Preferably, the clearance between the ring and the push nut body; the gap is equipped with a rubber ring.

[0008] 优选的,所述活塞外套有密封圈。 [0008] Preferably, the piston has a seal coat.

[0009] 优选的,所述推杆设置有四个。 [0009] Preferably, the push rod is provided with four.

[0010] 由于上述技术方案的运用,本发明与现有技术相比具有下列优点: [0010] As the use of the above technical solution, the present invention has the following advantages over the prior art:

本发明的出油螺母,储油槽内设满润滑油,当该螺母与其配合的螺栓发生锈死后,活塞挤压储油槽内部空间,润滑油就会从出油孔渗出,润滑螺栓的螺杆与螺母结合部,使螺母可以被卸下;操作简单,使用方便,出油和润滑效率高;由于出油流道设有两条,且呈迷宫状,使得润滑油储存在储油槽时不会发生泄漏,保证了使用时润滑油的润滑效果。 Nut oil present invention, equipped with full sump lubricating oil, when the bolt of the nut cooperating therewith rust death occurs, the inner space of the pressure piston sump, the lubricating oil will bleed out from the hole, lubricating the bolt screw and nut engaging portion, the nut can be detached; simple, easy to use, and high efficiency of the lubrication oil; since the oil flow passage is provided with two, and the labyrinth-like shape, so that when lubricating oil stored in the oil reservoir is not leak occurs, to ensure that the lubricating effect of lubricating oil during use.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 下面结合附图对本发明技术方案作进一步说明: [0011] the accompanying drawings for further aspect of the invention described in conjunction with:

附图1为本发明的出油螺母的结构示意图; Oil nut structure of the present invention Figure 1 a schematic view;

附图2为本发明的出油螺母的使用状态示意图; Nut oil Figure 2 a schematic view of a use state of the present invention;

其中:1、螺母本体;2、螺纹孔;3、储油槽;4、进油流道;5、出油流道;6、活塞;7、推杆;8、推环;9、橡I父圈;10、乾'封圈;11、螺检。 Wherein: 1, the nut body; 2, threaded holes; 3, sump; 4, into the oil flow passage; 5, an oil flow passage; 6, a piston; 7, push rod; 8, push ring; 9, rubber parent I circle; 10, dry 'seals; 11, spiro subject.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 下面结合附图来说明本发明。 [0012] The present invention will be described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

[0013] 如附图1所示的本发明所述的一种出油螺母,包括螺母本体1,所述螺母本体I内开有螺纹孔2,所述螺母本体I内部设有环形储油槽3 ;所述储油槽3内设满润滑油;所述螺母本体I上轴向开有至少两个出油孔;所述出油孔包括进油流道4和出油流道5 ;所述进油流道4与储油槽3相通;所述出油流道5与螺纹孔2相通;所述出油流道5设有两条,且呈迷宫状;所述储油槽3的开口处设有活塞6 ;所述活塞6的外端连接有推杆7 ;所述推杆7环形阵列设置有偶数个;所述推杆7的外端设有推环8 ;为了防止平时推环8被意外碰触而被推动,所述推环8与螺母本体I之间留有间隙,所述间隙内设有橡胶圈9;为了增加活塞6与储油槽3之间密封性,所述活塞6外套有密封圈10。 One kind of nut oil according to the present invention shown in [0013] As figures 1, comprising a nut body, the nut body is opened within a threaded hole I 2, I inside of the nut body is provided with an annular oil groove 3 ; 3 offers the full lubricant sump; I said nut body has at least two axially opening outlet holes; said hole comprises an oil feed flow channel 4 and the oil flow passage 5; said inlet oil flow passage 3 communicating with the sump 4; 5 of the oil flow passage communicating with the threaded hole 2; the oil flow passage 5 is provided with two, and the labyrinth-like shape; opening of the sump 3 is provided of the piston 6; outer end of the piston 6 is connected to a push rod 7; the push rod 7 is provided with an annular array of an even number; outer end of the push rod 7 is provided with a pushing ring 8; usually in order to prevent accidental pushing ring 8 touching is pushed, the push ring 8 between the nut body I with a gap therebetween, the gap is equipped with a rubber ring 9; to increase the tightness between the piston 6 and the oil storage tank 3, the piston 6 has a jacket sealing ring 10.

[0014] 如附图2所示的本发明所述的一种出油螺母,螺母与其配合的螺栓11发生锈死拧不动后,取下橡胶圈9,推动推环8,带动活塞6挤压储油槽3内部空间,由于储油槽3内设满润滑油,润滑油就会经进油流道4和出油流道5渗出,润滑螺栓11的螺杆与螺母的结合部,这样就能使得螺母能够被拧动,由于润滑油是被活塞6挤压渗出,出油和润滑效率高;由于螺栓11的螺杆与螺母的结合部被润滑,使得螺母能够被快速的被拧下,降低了不必要的停机时间,增加了机械设备的工作效率;由于出油流道设有两条,且呈迷宫状,使得润滑油储存在储油槽时不会发生泄漏,保证了使用时润滑油的润滑效果;本发明的出油螺母,操作简单,使用方便。 [0014] A nut oil according to the present invention as shown in Figure 2 of the drawings, the nut screw 11 cooperating therewith rust occurred after the screw fixed, remove the rubber ring 9, push the push ring 8, driven by the piston 6 pressing the inner space of the sump 3, 3 equipped with full sump since lubricating oil into the oil will flow through the bleed passage 4 and the oil flow passage 5, the screw and nut in conjunction with the lubricating portion of the bolt 11, so that enables the nut to be able to twist, the lubricating oil is extruded by the piston 6 bleeding, and high efficiency of the lubrication oil; As the screw bolt 11 and nut coupling portion is lubricated, so that is the nut can be quickly unscrewed, reduce unnecessary down time, it increases the efficiency of the mechanical device; since the oil flow passage is provided with two, and the labyrinth-like shape, so that the lubricating oil leakage does not occur when the storage sump, ensure that the lubricant when used lubrication; nut oil of the present invention, a simple, easy to use.

[0015] 上述的出油螺母,所述推杆设置有四个,推动效果达到最佳。 [0015] The oil of the nut, the push rod is provided with four push achieve the best results.

[0016] 上述实施例只为说明本发明的技术构思及特点,其目的在于让熟悉此项技术的人士能够了解本发明的内容并加以实施,并不能以此限制本发明的保护范围,凡根据本发明精神实质所作的等效变化或修饰,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围内。 [0016] Examples of the above-described embodiments illustrate the technical concept and features of the invention, its object is to only allow those familiar with the art to understand the present invention and implement them, and thus does not limit the scope of the present invention, where an equivalent variations or modifications made from the spirit of the present invention, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种出油螺母,包括螺母本体,所述螺母本体内开有螺纹孔,其特征在于:所述螺母本体内部设有环形储油槽;所述储油槽内设满润滑油;所述螺母本体上轴向开有至少两个出油孔;所述出油孔包括进油流道和出油流道;所述进油流道与储油槽相通;所述出油流道与螺纹孔相通;所述出油流道设有两条,且呈迷宫状;所述储油槽的开口处设有活塞;所述活塞的外端连接有推杆;所述推杆环形阵列设置有偶数个;所述推杆的外端设有推环。 A nut oil, comprising a nut body, the nut body are threaded hole, wherein: the nut is provided with an annular oil groove inside the body; said lubricant sump filled site; the nut opened axially on the body at least two outlet holes; said hole comprises an oil inlet channel and an oil flow passage; the oil inlet flow passage communicating with the sump; the oil flow passage communicates with a threaded bore ; with the two oil flow passage, and the labyrinth-like form; the sump is provided with an opening of the piston; an outer end of the piston is connected to the push rod; an annular array of the pusher is provided with an even number; the outer end of the push rod with the push ring.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的出油螺母,其特征在于:所述推环与螺母本体之间留有间隙;所述间隙内设有橡胶圈。 Oil according to claim 1 of the nut, characterized in that: a gap between the ring and the push nut body; the gap is equipped with a rubber ring.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的出油螺母,其特征在于:所述活塞外套有密封圈。 Oil according to claim 2 of the nut, characterized in that: said piston has a seal coat.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1〜3之一所述的出油螺母,其特征在于:所述推杆设置有四个。 Oil according to claim nut according to one of ~ 3, wherein: said push rod is provided with four.
CN 201410755829 2014-12-10 2014-12-10 Nut with oil discharge function CN104454899A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5214987A (en) * 1992-04-14 1993-06-01 Fenton Sr John J Screw fastener and driving tool
KR20070004297A (en) * 2005-07-04 2007-01-09 현대자동차주식회사 Structure of wheel nut
CN103122917A (en) * 2011-11-19 2013-05-29 顾林男 Novel bolt
CN103470600A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-25 吴江骏达电梯部件有限公司 Anti-rust screw with oil storage inner cavity
CN203856841U (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-10-01 常盛杰 Self-lubricating nut
CN204357902U (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-05-27 苏州市顺仪五金有限公司 Oil discharge nut

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5214987A (en) * 1992-04-14 1993-06-01 Fenton Sr John J Screw fastener and driving tool
KR20070004297A (en) * 2005-07-04 2007-01-09 현대자동차주식회사 Structure of wheel nut
CN103122917A (en) * 2011-11-19 2013-05-29 顾林男 Novel bolt
CN103470600A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-25 吴江骏达电梯部件有限公司 Anti-rust screw with oil storage inner cavity
CN203856841U (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-10-01 常盛杰 Self-lubricating nut
CN204357902U (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-05-27 苏州市顺仪五金有限公司 Oil discharge nut

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