CN104453063A - Hollow building block - Google Patents

Hollow building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104453063A
CN104453063A CN201410571000.7A CN201410571000A CN104453063A CN 104453063 A CN104453063 A CN 104453063A CN 201410571000 A CN201410571000 A CN 201410571000A CN 104453063 A CN104453063 A CN 104453063A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
block
building
hole
rib
bolt parts
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Pending
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CN201410571000.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
段炼山
段志义
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段炼山
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Priority to CN201410271518 priority Critical
Priority to CN2014102715189 priority
Application filed by 段炼山 filed Critical 段炼山
Priority to CN201410571000.7A priority patent/CN104453063A/en
Publication of CN104453063A publication Critical patent/CN104453063A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/18Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings

Abstract

The invention relates to a hollow building block. The hollow building block is a rectangular block with through hole structures shaped like a Chinese character 'ri' or 'tian'; the rectangular block is provided with bolting components; one bolting component is attached to the inner wall of each through hole shaped like a Chinese character 'ri' and the inner vertical surface of an end rib, wherein one horizontal cross section of the bolting component is shaped like a Chinese character 'ao', or two horizontal cross sections of each bolting component are both shaped like 'L'; one bolting component is attached to the inner walls of each through hole shaped like a Chinese character 'tian' and the inner vertical surface of an end rib, wherein the horizontal cross section of the bolting component is shaped like 'L'; the vertical surfaces of each bolting component, which are shaped like a Chinese character 'ao', are arranged opposite to each other, the outer vertical surface and the walls of each bolting component and the end rib are in seamless fit like steps; the upper end of each bolting component protrudes out of the through hole, and the height of the exposed part of the bolting component is less than that of the through hole; the lower end surface of each bolting component keeps a distance from the lower surface of the rectangular block, wherein the distance is greater than the height of the upward exposed part of the bolting component. Due to the unique bolt-hole connection structure, the wall formed by laying the hollow building blocks has unique mechanical properties such as shearing strength and an inner structure with anti-seismic and anti-cracking functions. The hollow building block provided by the invention is easy to lay and is easy to popularize.

Description

A kind of building-block
Technical field
The present invention relates to construction material, refer in particular to a kind of building-block.
Background technology
Current building novel wall material is mainly divided into brick, building block, sheet material three class.Building block class mainly contains ordinary concrete building block, lightweight concrete building block, air-entrained concrete building block, gypsum block, fly ash building block, sintered hollow building block etc.The novel wall material building block kind technical name of popularization is listed in " applying and limit, prohibit the use the bulletin of technology about issue wall insulation system and materials for wall " (firmly the portion of building announces No. 1338) that house and town and country construction portion issue.
Building structure needs to consider seismic design according to regional seismic fortification intensity, the seismic activity of China is mainly distributed on five regional 23 earthquake zones, on earthquake zone, the shock resistance of the building of a large amount of poverty-stricken area is quite low, earthquake causes a large amount of house collapse, endanger huge, therefore improve poverty-stricken area earthquake-resistant building norm for civil defense very important.The housing construction of less than 6 layers in current Chinese cities and towns and rural area is based on masonry structure.The anti-seismic performance of the structural constructions such as frame concrete structure, seismic shear wall concrete structure, steel work is good, but cost is higher, is often applied to cities and towns highrise building, industrial premises etc.In engineering practice, concrete hollow block is not only applied in masonry structure, is also widely used in the infilled wall in frame construction, shear wall structure.The earthquake situation of the Wenchuan earthquake of 2008 shows, infilled wall all suffers to destroy in various degree, and some infringements, even beyond agent structure, cause unnecessary economic loss, and the loss of the highrise building especially under flawless finish condition is even more serious.Collapse to prevent infilled wall or form elongated diagonal crack when earthquake, often through arranging steel tie to strengthen mechanical property in mortar joint, tension rib needs to be anchored in reinforced concrete post or wall, want accurately to reserve difficulty larger, unit in charge of construction often adopts the method for bar planting again of holing on post or wall, the shortcoming of this method: one is have damage for post or wall, two is that rebar-planting quality is not easy to control.Therefore, can tension rib play one's part to the full and leave a question open.Consider under the condition of the reinforcing bar saving block masonry structure or infilled wall as far as possible, concrete amount and reduction cost, the anti-seismic performance how improving block masonry structure or masonry shearwalls is further the problem had important practical significance.
According to " Design of Masonry Structures ", (publishing house of Tongji University publishes undergraduate course teaching material in 2013, Soviet Union foot soldier chief editor, ISBN 978-7-5608-5117-4) illustrate: the mechanical property of masonry mainly contains Compressive Performance, ultimate shear capacity, examining tensile behavior, flexural property, masonry structure is many under horizontal earthquake action to be destroyed along mortar joint cross section, shock resistance depends primarily on the shear strength of masonry, and the shear strength therefore improving masonry plays a key effect for raising masonry shock resistance.For the conventional cuboid block-type building block of regulation in " Normal concrete small hollow block " (GB 8239-1997), build adhesion strength and mortar masonry quality (full degree of mortar at bed joint etc.) that rear shear strength of masonry depends primarily on level and perpends mortar by laying bricks or stones.Masonry mortar strength grade is general not higher than block strength grade, and masonry mortar strength grade is generally up to Mb20 at present.Therefore this shear strength of masonry provided by mortar bonding strength is more limited, causes the shock resistance of masonry limited, and will improve shear strength further needs to consider new approach or method.Require in " State Council is about the notice printed and distributed energy-saving and emission-reduction " 12 " and plan " (No. (2012) 40, promulgated by the State Council): " advance materials for wall innovation, the restriction of city, city uses clay-ware, and county town prohibits the use solid clay brick." the middle proposition of " National Development and Reform Commission is about the notice printing and distributing " 12 " materials for wall innovation instruction " (send out and change No. (2011) 2437, ring money): " by 2015, the city in the whole nation more than 30% realized ' limit is glued ', more than 50% county town realization ' is prohibited real '; Novel wall material output proportion reaches more than 65%.Encourage novel wall material to lighting, high strengthening, Composite Development." current China materials for wall " limit is sticky prohibits in fact " achieves very large effect, but solid clay brick still has larger market in cities and towns and urban residents build a house.Improve the technical performance of building block, make it to be better than loam brick from technical elements and will play an important role to realizing the national walling innovation object of planning.Due to concrete hollow block, to have hole ratio large, the feature that mortar bonding surface is less than solid clay brick, and often control not tight to full degree of mortar at bed joint during construction, full degree of mortar at bed joint is caused not reach requirement, and then the mechanical property such as the shear strength of concrete intensity measuring and structural integrity poorer than solid clay brick masonry, this reason causes the one of the main reasons of wall crazing.Therefore improve the mechanical properties such as the shear strength of block masonry and structural integrity, to preventing wall crazing, technical performance substituting solid clay brick, there is important function.Improve the mechanical properties such as the shear strength of block masonry, balance is taken into account building block product constructability, is convenient to manufacture, the requirements such as hollow rate is high, good economy performance again simultaneously, needs comprehensively to address these problems in practice and research and innovation process.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the shortcoming existed in background technology and problem improvement and bring new ideas in addition, there is provided a kind of by unique keyhole syndeton, make the body of wall after building by laying bricks or stones form unique internal construction and have the mechanical properties such as excellent shear strength, have the building-block of antidetonation and anti-cracking function, this building block takes into account that reservation is convenient to building construction, is convenient to manufacture, hollow rate is large, applied range, integrated cost and cost are low, be easy to advantages such as promoting.
Technical scheme of the present invention is the building-block constructing a kind of strap bolt relay part, this building block comprises centre one piece of middle rib, rectangular block with " day " font horizontal section of two vertical through holes, or centre have horizontal section be " ten " font middle rib, with four vertical through holes, horizontal section is the rectangular block of sphere of movements for the elephants shape, the surrounding of rectangular block is two pieces of walls and two pieces of end ribs, and the upper surface of described rectangular block, soffit are two planes be parallel to each other.On described rectangular block, attachment is provided with bolt parts, the preferred version that described bolt parts combine " day " font or sphere of movements for the elephants shape rectangular block is: on the interior facade of the inherent wall of each through hole of described " day " font rectangular block and end rib, attachment is provided with the bolt parts that a horizontal section be " recessed " font, and two bolt parts of " day " font rectangular block attachment setting are that recessed facade is positioned opposite; Or on the interior facade of the inherent wall of each through hole of " day " font rectangular block and end rib, attachment is provided with the bolt parts that two horizontal sections are " L " shape, and four " L " shape bolt parts that the attachment of " day " word rectangular block is arranged are that recessed facade is positioned opposite.In each through hole of described sphere of movements for the elephants shape rectangular block, in wall and end rib, on facade, attachment is provided with the bolt parts that a horizontal section is " L " shape, and four " L " shape bolt parts that the attachment of sphere of movements for the elephants shape rectangular block is arranged are that recessed facade is positioned opposite.
The alien invasion of above-mentioned " recessed " font bolt parts or " L " shape bolt parts and wall and end rib simultaneously seamless applying, and seamless applying with the connection drift angle of wall and end rib; The vertical orthogonal cross-sectional shape of the entirety that described bolt parts and wall and end rib are combined into is stairstepping.Be separated with distance between the lower surface of described bolt parts and described rectangular block soffit, and the vertical distance at the two interval is greater than the height that bolt parts stretch out the outer part of through hole.The middle rib of described building block does not arrange bolt parts.The upper surface of described bolt parts is stretched out outside described through hole, and bolt parts stretch out the height that the outer height partly of through hole is less than through hole, and bolt parts stretch out the outer height of part of through hole and the vertical distance of bolt parts upper surface and rectangular block upper surface; The bolt parts of described building block and through hole form keyhole syndeton, the left and right sides bolt parts that the fissure of displacement takes the described building block of block stretch out in nested condition in the outer through hole partly inserting the adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata respectively of through hole, and the wall of adjacent levels building block is docked by mortar with rib with wall, rib.
Building block of the present invention has multiple advantage and beneficial effect concurrently.The present invention has keyhole syndeton, and when therefore using building block fissure of displacement masonry panel, the wall of bolt parts and adjacent upper two pieces of building blocks of lower floor's building block is nested with rib, and by filled with mortar recessed bond ing; The through hole that the bolt parts of each block building block all insert the adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata is like this nested with connection, and the bolt parts that the through hole of this building block injects with adjacent lower two pieces of building blocks are again connected, and define the firm overall structure utilizing self structure mutually to retrain between building block.Keyhole syndeton passes through the cross-sectional strength of bolt parts self in each the block building block of direction, all around restriction, and acts on above-below direction constraint building block by mortar bonding, mutually retrains between building block adjacent in body of wall.These bolt parts play pin, spacing, constraint, fixing and connection function to nested building block.The present invention makes the mutual retaining ring of the building block in wall body structure connect into " tabular globality " structure, and there is certain internal damping energy dissipating ability, by connection and the restriction effect of bolt parts, mortar joint mortar, substantially increase globality and the shear strength of masonry structure, also improve the tension of masonry, bending resistance, compressive strength, therefore block masonry of the present invention has significant antidetonation, anti crack performance and effect simultaneously.
The middle rib of building block of the present invention does not arrange bolt parts, and therefore bolt parts leave the reasonable clearance on horizontal length direction there to be activity surplus after inserting through hole, are convenient to building construction.Building block is suppressed by concrete or flyash or other raw materials etc. and is formed, profile and the corner size of each block building block during production have actual deviation, and when artificial construction builds by laying bricks or stones, spacing dimension between building block and building block also has the deviation in zone of reasonableness, be different from metal machinery component and there is higher accurate to dimension, and the skills involved in the labour of building workman when constructing by laying bricks or stones are uneven, therefore this building block through hole does not arrange when bolt parts make to build by laying bricks or stones and leaves enough construction gap surpluses on the vertical facade in middle rib side, serves significant beneficial effect.When adopting perpends fissure of displacement mode masonry panel, bolt parts in each through hole of building block insert in a through hole of upper strata adjacent block, with 2 of through hole or 3 vertical face by filled with mortar recessed bond ing, the gap of the middle rib of bolt parts and upper strata building block is (end rib thick × 2-middle rib is thick)/2, this gap generally can be 0.8 ~ 1.2cm, therefore has enough to build gap by laying bricks or stones.Freely be provided with enough spacing between the bolt parts of building block and self middle rib, the bolt parts of lower floor's building block when building by laying bricks or stones and upper strata building block also have enough builds adjusting play by laying bricks or stones.The spacing deviation that this adjusting play avoids due to lower floor's adjacent block is comparatively large, and the through hole of upper strata building block when causing the fissure of displacement to build by laying bricks or stones can not the bolt parts of the adjacent two pieces of building blocks of cutting ferrule lower floor.Bolt parts and nested through hole have enough gap surpluses to be convenient to bolt parts to embed in through hole block to build and construct in the longitudinal direction, are convenient to body of wall axis shift deviation, verticality, planeness etc. and construct the adjustment of sizes.This gap can make building block must not have very high apparent size precision and finish, allows rational dimensional errors, and described building block is in the fabrication process without the need to arranging groove in addition to hold fitting projection, and manufacturing process difficulty reduces greatly.Be divided into according to body of wall two kinds of situations of plastering and do not plaster, the actual look dimensional accuracy of building block and finish have different standards, are applicable to furred wall and dry wall.Described building block be convenient to produce, efficiency of construction is high, saving working hour, cost and comprehensive cost lower, laminating physical condition, be easy to promote produce and use.The fields such as load-carrying members, non bearing structure, frame construction infilled wall, dry wall, furred wall can be widely used in, applied range.
Be separated with distance between the lower surface of bolt parts of the present invention and described rectangular block soffit, and the vertical distance at the two interval is greater than the height that bolt parts stretch out the outer part of through hole.When making the perpends fissure of displacement take block building block like this, lower floor's building block bolt parts can insert in upper strata building block through hole and not conflict with the bolt component contact of upper strata building block, meet and build needs by laying bricks or stones.This building block can be carried out compacting and produce with the block machine being equipped with upper and lower pressure head.
The vertical through holes of building block of the present invention is symmetrical arranged about the middle rib connecting front and back walls.The bolt parts of building block of the present invention are symmetrical arranged about the middle rib connecting front and back walls, and the vertical through holes of building block simultaneously is also symmetrical arranged about the middle rib connecting front and back walls.Such setting fissure of displacement of being more convenient for takes block and the wall of adjacent upper and lower layer building block is docked by mortar with rib up and down with wall, rib.
The maximum length of the bolt component level left and right directions of building block of the present invention can be less than or equal to 1/2 of described through hole horizontal cross-section length, also can be greater than 1/2 of described through hole horizontal cross-section length, preferred version is that the maximum length of bolt component level left and right directions is greater than 1/2 of described through hole horizontal cross-section length.
Wherein in an embodiment, two pieces of end rib alien invasion of building block are provided with corresponding groove and projection, the groove of adjacent two building blocks of level and projection cooperatively interact joggle, strengthen the inner wall body structure mutually retrained further.The wall body structure formed in this embodiment, the through hole that the bolt component upper ends extension of body of wall lower floor building block inserts the corresponding adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata is respectively nested with the fissure of displacement and builds by laying bricks or stones, forms the structure of the mutual bolt of adjacent upper and lower building block; The projection of two pieces of building blocks that body of wall level is adjacent and groove fit form horizontal mortise structure, define curved surface at two end rib alien invasion of building block like this and be convenient to hanging, destarch probability reduces greatly, increase full of mortar degree, and add mortar bonding area, therefore improve the adhesion strength of perpends, and left and right mortise structure has and bears necessarily perpendicular to the ability of metope direction load.Left and right mortise structure structurally interfixes with upper and lower keyhole syndeton and coordinates, and binding function supports one another, and improves the globality of body of wall, mechanical property and antidetonation, effect of anti-cracking.
Wherein in an embodiment, bolt parts stretch out the outer alien invasion partly of through hole can to direction indentation in through hole, and this design makes bolt parts and nested through hole on building block width, have the adjustment of enough gap surplus constructabilities and wall leveling degree etc.
Wherein in an embodiment, the alien invasion of described wall can arrange insulation layer, the thermal and insulating performance of building block can be improved, make the further Composite of building block function.
Described building block can be offered reinforcing bar horizontal arrangement groove as required.Horizontal arrangement groove offered by the wall of building block or rib or bolt parts, between some adjacent levels building blocks, arranges horizontal reinforcement when masonry panel, to increase the globality of body of wall further.On " recessed " font bolt parts or rib of building block, such as offer horizontal notch upward, be convenient to arrange horizontal reinforcement between the adjacent levels building block of body of wall.Or the notch offered on rib down, is convenient to arrange horizontal reinforcement between adjacent levels building block.
The production raw material of building block of the present invention adopt concrete or flyash etc. or other material etc.This building block can manufacture, when building use by laying bricks or stones and the block method of conventional building block similar, do not have increase to build difficulty by laying bricks or stones, easy to operate; Alternative solid clay brick building, adopts mortar used in concrete block masonry to build by laying bricks or stones, and saving working hour, succinct, efficiency of construction is high, reduces cement steel consumption, and cost reduces, and has comprehensive technology and economic benefit.Use the masonry of this concrete block masonry to have antidetonation, anticracking, hollow rate are large, high-strength light, thermal insulation, water proof anti-seepage, energy conservation, the useless environmental protection of profit, the feature such as Anti-Typhoon.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is one of holes structural block embodiment of the present invention perspective view.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 concrete block masonry view.
Fig. 3 is two perspective view of holes structural block embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is three perspective view of holes structural block embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is four perspective view of holes structural block embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is Fig. 5 concrete block masonry view.
Fig. 7 is five perspective view of holes structural block embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is six perspective view of holes structural block embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is Fig. 8 concrete block masonry view.
Figure 10 is one of the present invention four pore structure block embodiments perspective view.
Figure 11 is Figure 10 concrete block masonry view.
Figure 12 is two perspective view of the present invention four pore structure block embodiments.
Figure 13 is three perspective view of the present invention four pore structure block embodiments.
Figure 14 is four perspective view of the present invention four pore structure block embodiments.
Figure 15 is the example structure schematic diagram of the present invention four pore structure building block band insulation layer.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Fig. 1 to 15, building-block of the present invention comprises the rectangular block 7 offering through hole 2, described through hole 2 is arranged as two pore structures or four pore structures, the rectangular block 7 wherein offering two pore structures has one piece of middle rib 41 for centre, with two vertical through holes 2, the rectangular block of " day " font horizontal section, the rectangular block offering four pore structures is that centre has horizontal section to be the middle rib 41 of " ten " font, with four vertical through holes 2, horizontal section is the rectangular block of sphere of movements for the elephants shape, the surrounding of above-mentioned rectangular block is respectively two pieces of walls 3 and two pieces of end ribs 4, the upper surface of above-mentioned rectangular block, soffit is two planes be parallel to each other, in described through hole 2, also attachment is provided with the bolt parts 1 of internal constraint structure forming this building block assembled wall: in each through hole 2 of " day " font rectangular block 7 described wall 3 and end rib 4 interior facade on adhere to and is provided with: the bolt parts 1 of to be the bolt parts 1 of " recessed " font or two horizontal sections be horizontal section " L " shape, in described wall 3 and end rib 4, facade adheres in each through hole 2 of described sphere of movements for the elephants shape rectangular block 7 and is provided with the bolt parts 1 that a horizontal section is " L " shape, bolt parts 1 on described rectangular block 7 are that recessed facade is positioned opposite, and the alien invasion of bolt parts 1 and wall 3 and end rib 4 seamless applying,
Described bolt parts 1 upper end is stretched out outside through hole 2, and bolt parts stretch out the height that the outer height partly of through hole 2 is less than through hole 2; On horizontal left and right directions, the maximum length of described bolt parts 1 can be more than or equal to or be less than 1/2 of through hole horizontal cross-section length, and be separated with distance between the lower surface of each bolt parts 1 and the soffit of described rectangular block 7, and the vertical distance at the two interval is greater than the height that bolt parts 1 stretch out the outer part of through hole 3.Described through hole 2 and bolt parts 1 form keyhole syndeton, the bolt parts that the fissure of displacement takes the described building-block of block stretch out in the outer through hole partly inserting the adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata respectively of through hole, and the wall of adjacent levels building block is docked by mortar with rib with wall, rib.
Building block continuity of the present invention retains the design feature of the conventional cuboid block-type building block of regulation in " Normal concrete small hollow block " (GB 8239-1997), bolt parts horizontal section area only accounts for the little part of through hole horizontal section area, continue the advantage having and run through through hole up and down, building block hollow rate is made to meet standard-required, hollow rate is maximum higher than 40%, can continue the advantage that building-block proportion is little.
Building block of the present invention continuity maintains the feature that the horizontal slurry surface of building block in " Normal concrete small hollow block " (GB 8239-1997) and slurry surface are planes, make the thickness of mortar mortar joint even, full closely knit, and the rib of neighbouring building block and rib, wall is docked by mortar with wall energy, effective Transmit evenly pressure, do not reduce paving slurry and slurry surface long-pending, ensure that horizontal mortar joint bond area, and add the mortar bonding area of bolt parts alien invasion and facade in nested building block through hole, be conducive to the adhesion strength improving mortar joint, thus raising masonry strength.
For the ease of understanding the present invention, below with reference to relevant drawings, the present invention is described more fully.The preferred embodiments of the present invention are given in accompanying drawing.But the present invention can realize in many different forms, is not limited to embodiment described herein.On the contrary, the object of these embodiments is provided to be make disclosure of the present invention more thorough, abundant.
For convenience of explanation, building block left and right directions and building block length direction in this manual, building block fore-and-aft direction and building block width, building block above-below direction and segment heights direction; " one " font middle rib that rib is divided into building block middle or " ten " font middle rib, and the end rib at two ends, building block left and right.It should be noted that, when parts are considered to " setting " on another parts, it can be that directly attachment is molded on another parts or may there are parts placed in the middle simultaneously.Directionality language used herein " on ", D score, "left", "right", "front", "rear" and similar statement, the feature that dimensional orientation when being in placement state in this manual block embodiments perspective view with building block of the present invention carrys out interpretation blocks shape structure of the present invention, just for illustrative purposes.
Unless otherwise defined, all technology used herein are identical with the implication that those skilled in the art of the present invention understand usually with scientific terminology.The term used in manual, just in order to describe concrete enforcement object, is not intended to be restriction the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
Refer to accompanying drawing 1, building-block includes the rectangular block 7 that plan view shape is holes " day " font, rectangular block 7 comprises two vertical through holes 2, the wall 3 of side, front and back, the end rib 4 at two ends, left and right, middle rib 41, also include projection 5 and groove 6, the upper surface of rectangular block, soffit are two planes be parallel to each other.Building-block also comprises: the bolt parts 1 arranged respectively in two through holes 2 of " day " font rectangular block, and these bolt parts 1 are arranged on the interior facade of wall and end rib, and two bolt parts horizontal sections are " recessed " font and recessed facade is relative; The alien invasion of bolt parts 1 and wall and end rib seamless applying, and seamless applying with the connection drift angle of wall and end rib, bolt parts 1 are stairstepping with the vertical orthogonal cross-sectional shape of the entirety that wall and end rib are combined into; The upper end of bolt parts 1 is stretched out outside through hole 2, and the height of extension is less than the height of this " day " font rectangular block, and bolt parts 1 are greater than 1/2 of through hole 2 horizontal section left and right directions length in the length of horizontal left and right directions.The lower surface of bolt parts 1 and the distance at described rectangular block soffit interval are greater than the height that bolt parts 1 stretch out the outer part of through hole 2.Each ingredient of above-mentioned building-block: bolt parts 1, through hole 2, wall 3, end rib 4, middle rib 41, projection 5 and groove 6 are by mold integral one-shot forming.
As shown in Figure 2, when building by laying bricks or stones, the through hole that the bolt component upper ends extension of lower floor's building block inserts the corresponding adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata is respectively nested with the fissure of displacement and builds by laying bricks or stones, and the end face of lower floor's bolt parts does not contact with the bottom surface of upper strata bolt parts, forms the structure of the mutual bolt of adjacent upper and lower building block; The projection of two pieces of building blocks that body of wall level is adjacent and groove fit form horizontal mortise structure, and the body of wall inside of building by laying bricks or stones is the special construction of upper and lower bolt and horizontal joggle.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figure 3, the present embodiment is substantially identical with embodiment 1 structure, and masonry construction is also identical, and difference is, the present embodiment bolt parts 1 stretch out the alien invasion of the outer part of through hole to direction indentation in through hole, and indentation structure refers to Fig. 3 A and guides position.
Embodiment 3:
As shown in Figure 4, the present embodiment is substantially identical with embodiment 1 structure, masonry construction is also substantially identical, difference is, the present embodiment does not include projection 5 in embodiment 1 and groove 6 structure, when building by laying bricks or stones, the through hole that the bolt component upper ends extension only need finding lower floor's building block accurately inserts the corresponding adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata is respectively nested with the fissure of displacement and builds by laying bricks or stones, and forms the structure of the mutual bolt of adjacent upper and lower building block.
Embodiment 4:
As shown in Figure 5, the present embodiment is substantially identical with embodiment 1 structure, and masonry construction is also identical, and difference is, the bolt parts 1 of the present embodiment are " L " shape, and is respectively equipped with two " L " shape bolt parts 1 in each through hole 2.The masonry construction of this embodiment as shown in Figure 6.
Embodiment 5:
As shown in Figure 7, the present embodiment is substantially identical with embodiment 4 structure, and masonry construction is also identical, and difference is, the bolt parts 1 of the present embodiment stretch out the alien invasion of the outer part of through hole to direction indentation in through hole, and indentation structure refers to Fig. 7 A and guides position.
Embodiment 6:
As shown in Figure 8, the present embodiment is substantially identical with embodiment 1 structure, and masonry construction is also identical, and difference is, the length of the horizontal left and right directions of the bolt parts 1 of the present embodiment is less than 1/2 of through hole 2 horizontal section left and right directions length.The masonry construction of this embodiment as shown in Figure 9.
Embodiment 7:
Refer to accompanying drawing 10, building-block comprises the rectangular block that plan view shape is four hole sphere of movements for the elephants shapes, the middle rib 41 that rectangular block includes 4 vertical through holes 2, the wall 3 of side, front and back, the end rib 4 at two ends, left and right, horizontal section are " ten " font, also include projection 5 and groove 6, the upper surface of rectangular block, soffit are two planes be parallel to each other.Building-block also comprises: in four through holes 2 of sphere of movements for the elephants shape rectangular block, be respectively equipped with " L " font bolt parts 1, these bolt parts 1 are arranged on the interior facade of wall and end rib, and four bolt parts horizontal sections are " L " font and recessed facade is relative; The alien invasion of bolt parts 1 and wall and end rib seamless applying, and seamless applying with the connection drift angle of wall and end rib, bolt parts 1 are stairstepping with the vertical orthogonal cross-sectional shape of the entirety that wall and end rib are combined into; Through hole 2 is stretched out in the upper end of bolt parts 1, and extension height is less than the height of this sphere of movements for the elephants shape rectangular block, and bolt parts 1 are greater than 1/2 of through hole 2 horizontal section left and right directions length in the length of horizontal left and right directions.The lower surface of bolt parts 1 and the distance at described rectangular block soffit interval are greater than the height that bolt parts 1 stretch out the outer part of through hole 2.Each ingredient of above-mentioned building-block: bolt parts 1, through hole 2, wall 3, end rib 4, middle rib 41, projection 5 and groove 6 are by mold integral one-shot forming.
As shown in figure 11, when building by laying bricks or stones, the through hole that the bolt component upper ends extension of lower floor's building block inserts the corresponding adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata is respectively nested with the fissure of displacement and builds by laying bricks or stones, and the end face of lower floor's bolt parts does not contact with the bottom surface of upper strata bolt parts, form the structure of the mutual bolt of adjacent upper and lower building block; The projection of two pieces of building blocks that body of wall level is adjacent and groove fit form horizontal mortise structure, and the body of wall inside of building by laying bricks or stones is the special construction of upper and lower bolt and horizontal joggle.
Embodiment 8:
As shown in figure 12, the present embodiment is substantially identical with embodiment 7 structure, and masonry construction is also identical, and difference is, the present embodiment bolt parts 1 stretch out the alien invasion of the outer part of through hole to direction indentation in through hole, and indentation structure refers to Figure 12 A and guides position.
Embodiment 9:
As shown in figure 13, the present embodiment is substantially identical with embodiment 7 structure, and masonry construction is also identical, and difference is, widens wall thickness inside the wall between the bolt parts 1 of this enforcement and middle rib 41, refers to Figure 13 B and guides position.
Embodiment 10:
As shown in figure 14, the present embodiment is substantially identical with embodiment 9 structure, masonry construction is also substantially identical, difference is, the present embodiment does not include projection 5 in embodiment 9 and groove 6 structure, when building by laying bricks or stones, the through hole that the bolt component upper ends extension only need finding lower floor's building block accurately inserts the corresponding adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata is respectively nested with the fissure of displacement and builds by laying bricks or stones, and forms the structure of the mutual bolt of adjacent upper and lower building block.
Embodiment 11:
As shown in figure 15, the present embodiment is substantially identical with embodiment 10 structure, and masonry construction is also substantially identical, and difference is, the present embodiment is provided with can the insulation layer 8 of built-in heat insulation material.
Known with reference to above-described embodiment, the present invention mainly uses hollow blocks built to become body of wall, the through hole that the bolt component upper ends extension of body of wall lower floor building block inserts the corresponding adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata is respectively nested with the fissure of displacement and builds by laying bricks or stones, and the wall of neighbouring building block is docked by mortar with rib, form the structure of the mutual bolt of adjacent upper and lower building block; These bolt parts play pin, spacing, constraint, fixing and connection function to nested building block; The projection of two pieces of building blocks that body of wall level is adjacent and groove fit form horizontal mortise structure; This building block can connect into globality structure by retaining ring mutually, and every block building block is limited constraint in " top to bottom, left and right, front and rear " direction.This building block has unique texture thus makes masonry panel have unique internal construction, the inner building block of body of wall is retrained mutually, substantially increase the shear strength of body of wall, and improve tension, bending resistance, compressive strength, block masonry has good antidetonation, anti crack performance and effect.
Embodiment of the present invention is only the description carried out the preferred embodiment of the present invention; not design of the present invention and scope are limited; under the prerequisite not departing from design philosophy of the present invention; the various modification that in this area, engineers and technicians make technical scheme of the present invention and improvement; protection scope of the present invention all should be fallen into; the technology contents of request protection of the present invention, all records in detail in the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a building-block, comprise the rectangular block with through-hole structure, the described rectangular block with through-hole structure is that centre has one piece of middle rib, rectangular block with " day " font horizontal section of two vertical through holes, or for there are " ten " font horizontal section middle rib, rectangular block with the sphere of movements for the elephants shape horizontal section of four vertical through holes in centre, the surrounding of described rectangular block is respectively two pieces of walls and two pieces of end ribs, and the upper surface of rectangular block, soffit are two planes be parallel to each other; It is characterized in that on described rectangular block, attachment is provided with bolt parts:
In each through hole of " day " font rectangular block described wall and end rib interior facade on attachment be provided with the bolt parts that a horizontal section be " recessed " font, or in each through hole of " day " font rectangular block described wall and end rib interior facade on adhere to be provided with the bolt parts that two horizontal sections are " L " shape; In each through hole of described sphere of movements for the elephants shape rectangular block, in described wall and end rib, on facade, attachment is provided with the bolt parts that a horizontal section is " L " shape; Bolt parts on described rectangular block are that recessed facade is positioned opposite, and the alien invasion of bolt parts and wall and end rib seamless applying, the vertical orthogonal cross-sectional shape of the entirety that described bolt parts and wall and end rib are combined into is stairstepping; The upper end of described bolt parts is stretched out outside through hole, and bolt parts stretch out the height that the outer height partly of through hole is less than through hole; Be separated with distance between the lower surface of described bolt parts and described rectangular block soffit, and the vertical distance at the two interval is greater than the height that bolt parts stretch out the outer part of through hole;
The middle rib of described building-block does not arrange bolt parts; The bolt parts of described building-block and through hole composition keyhole syndeton, the bolt parts that the fissure of displacement takes the described building-block of block stretch out in the outer through hole partly inserting the adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata respectively of through hole, and the wall of adjacent levels building block is docked by mortar with rib with wall, rib.
2. building-block according to claim 1, correspondingly on the alien invasion that it is characterized in that described rectangular block two pieces of end ribs is provided with the groove and projection that strengthen restraining structure, and adjacent two building blocks of level to cooperatively interact joggle with groove and projection.
3. building-block according to claim 1, is characterized in that the vertical through holes of described building block is symmetrical arranged about the middle rib connecting front and back walls.
4. building-block according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the bolt parts of described building block are symmetrical arranged about the middle rib connecting front and back walls, and the vertical through holes of described building block is symmetrical arranged about the middle rib connecting front and back walls.
5. building-block according to claim 1, is characterized in that described bolt parts stretch out the alien invasion of the outer part of through hole to direction indentation in through hole.
6. building-block according to claim 1, is characterized in that the maximum length of described bolt parts on horizontal left and right directions is greater than 1/2 of described through hole horizontal cross-section length, widens wall thickness inside the bolt parts in building block through hole and the wall between middle rib.
7. the building-block according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6, the alien invasion that it is characterized in that described wall arranges insulation layer.
8. the building-block according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6, is characterized in that described building-block being offered reinforcing bar horizontal arrangement groove.
9. the body of wall utilizing the hollow blocks built described in claim 1 to become, it is characterized in that the body of wall that the fissure of displacement is built by laying bricks or stones, the through hole that the bolt parts extension of lower floor's building block inserts the corresponding adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata is respectively nested with, the wall of adjacent upper and lower layer building block is docked by mortar with rib with wall, rib, and the bolt parts of described building block and through hole form keyhole syndeton.
10. the body of wall utilizing the hollow blocks built described in claim 2 to become, it is characterized in that the body of wall that the fissure of displacement is built by laying bricks or stones, the through hole that the bolt parts extension of lower floor's building block inserts the corresponding adjacent two pieces of building blocks in upper strata is respectively nested with, and forms the mutual latching mechanism of adjacent upper and lower building block; The projection of the building block that body of wall level is adjacent and groove fit form horizontal mortise structure; Described latching mechanism and horizontal mortise structure be combined into inner up and down, the wall body structure that mutually retrains of front and back and left and right directions.
CN201410571000.7A 2014-06-18 2014-10-24 Hollow building block Pending CN104453063A (en)

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CN201410571742.XA Pending CN104278787A (en) 2014-06-18 2014-10-24 Hollow building block
CN201410571000.7A Pending CN104453063A (en) 2014-06-18 2014-10-24 Hollow building block
CN201410570922.6A Pending CN104314225A (en) 2014-06-18 2014-10-24 Hollow block
CN201420617145.1U Expired - Fee Related CN204098337U (en) 2014-06-18 2014-10-24 A kind of building-block
CN201420616875.XU Expired - Fee Related CN204098335U (en) 2014-06-18 2014-10-24 A kind of building-block
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CN201420616875.XU Expired - Fee Related CN204098335U (en) 2014-06-18 2014-10-24 A kind of building-block
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WO2015192764A1 (en) * 2014-06-18 2015-12-23 段炼山 Hollow building block and wall built by using same
CN106436642A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-22 南昌大学 Assembly type rolled recycled aggregate concrete revetment
WO2021109281A1 (en) * 2019-12-05 2021-06-10 哈尔滨达城绿色建筑技术开发股份有限公司 Dedicated concrete hollow block product group for fabricated rebar block masonry wall structure

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CN107090937A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-08-25 河北天森建工集团有限公司 A kind of high-strength construction brick

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CN104278787A (en) 2015-01-14
WO2015192764A1 (en) 2015-12-23
CN104314225A (en) 2015-01-28
CN204098338U (en) 2015-01-14
CN204098336U (en) 2015-01-14
CN204098337U (en) 2015-01-14

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