CN104450661A - Solid fungicide for degrading food-sourced organic garbage - Google Patents

Solid fungicide for degrading food-sourced organic garbage Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104450661A
CN104450661A CN201410649934.8A CN201410649934A CN104450661A CN 104450661 A CN104450661 A CN 104450661A CN 201410649934 A CN201410649934 A CN 201410649934A CN 104450661 A CN104450661 A CN 104450661A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
organic waste
food source
solid
fungicide
carrier
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410649934.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104450661B (en
Inventor
方萍
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang University ZJU
Original Assignee
Zhejiang University ZJU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang University ZJU filed Critical Zhejiang University ZJU
Priority to CN201410649934.8A priority Critical patent/CN104450661B/en
Publication of CN104450661A publication Critical patent/CN104450661A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104450661B publication Critical patent/CN104450661B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a solid fungicide for degrading food-sourced organic garbage. The solid fungicide comprises a food-sourced organic garbage degradation liquid fungicide and a carrier material, wherein the weight of the liquid fungicide is equal to 10%-200% of that of the carrier material; the carrier material consists of a composted organic fertilizer and a coconut chaff brick at a weight ratio of (0.1-10) to 1; the composted organic fertilizer is prepared from cow mature and mushroom dreg through high temperature fermentation, and the water content of the composted organic fertilizer is less than or equal to 30%. The carrier of the solid fungicide can adsorb more garbage degradation bacteria liquid (food-sourced organic garbage degradation liquid fungicide), so that the weight of the solid fungicide fed to a garbage degradation system can be reduced, the operation load of a rotating shaft of a garbage degradation machine is reduced, and the garbage degradation efficiency is further improved.

Description

The solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of domestic garbage treatment, relate to a kind of microbiological deterioration technology for eliminating for food source organic waste, solid fungicide falls in the microorganism being specifically related to a kind of food source organic waste.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of Chinese society economy, the domestic refuse of town dweller not only quantity increases day by day, and domestic refuse to comprise the proportion of the food source organic waste such as melon skin shell, leftovers leftovers also increasing.Due to food source organic waste water ratio high (90%), incinerating combustion value low (2100 ~ 3100kJ/kg), after mixing with other municipal wastes compositions, landfill stabilization is adopted not only to take valuable land resources but also a large amount of percolate can be produced and polluted underground water system; (i.e. more than 5000kJ/kg) can cause incinerator burn insufficient and produce Dioxins to adopt the burning electricity generation thermal value disposed because not meeting rubbish to require, serious harm nearby residents is healthy.Due to this kind of rubbish source dispersion, perishable smelly contaminate environment in collection transport process, is therefore difficult to realize recycling by feed manufacturing, compost or biogas fermentation disposal technology after single household's collection gathers.So food source organic waste has become the important source of pollution affecting town environment quality.For this reason, research and develop a kind of this kind of rubbish to be produced on the spot, the height eliminated of degrading on the spot is innoxious, the disposal new technology of minimizing, for economic society Sustainable development and preserve the ecological environment and safe there is extremely important effect.
Based on above-mentioned theory, current China has developed the perishable domestic refuse microbiological deterioration original position technology for eliminating such as some garbages.Patent of invention as application number 03151167.8 discloses a kind of microbial leftover decomposing treatment machine, the food refuses such as leftovers leftovers, melon skin shell are first pulverized by this machine, food refuse particle is resolved into water, carbonic acid gas and mineral ion by the microorganism species set by recycling, then by after the filtration of granular layer, finally enter water drain in liquid, sewer line can not be caused to gamble plug.This technology but adds treatment pressure of sewage while the quantity discharged reducing solid refuse, therefore, fails fundamentally to solve the problem of environmental pollution of meal kitchen food refuse.Patent of invention (application number: 01112685.X) discloses a kind of elimination-type biologic processor of organic garbage, adopts peculiar microorganism flora to carry out the complete digestion of organic waste, but the formation of unexposed microbiobacterial agent and preparation method.Patent of invention (application number: 02150972.7) disclose a kind of life organic garbage processor applying YB microbial function bacterium rubbish, this YB microbial function bacterium is made up of subtilis and Paracoccus denitrificans, but the solid support material of unexposed microbial inoculum and compound formulation.
After food source organic waste drops into degeneration system, fully mixed with microbial inoculum by the continuous stirring of garbage disposer, degraded by functional microorganism under aerobic condition.Therefore, the Effec-tive Function of garbage degradation system, not only depends on the application of rubbish efficient degradation functional microorganism flora, but also needs for garbage degradation flora builds suitable epidemic disaster and good ventilation (aerobic) environment.The maintenance of this environment, can realize by means of the temperature control of garbage disposer, moisturizing, air blowing function on the one hand, also proposes special requirement to the solid support material of microbial inoculum on the other hand.
Although more existing patents of invention disclose the solid support material of related microorganism microbial inoculum.As patent of invention " complex micro organism fungicide absorption powder " (02123534.1) discloses a kind of sorbent material powder producing the composite microbial bacteria of biological organic fertilizer microbial inoculum be made up of organic powder of 50 ~ 90% and 10 ~ 50% inorganic powders, wherein organic powder is at least one of wheat bran, rice bran, soya bean stem meal, corn cob meal, sorghum husk powder, furfural, dregs of beans, turfy soil, and inorganic powder is at least one of zeolite, diatomite, attapulgite, light calcium carbonate, ground phosphate rock or potassium breeze.Also patent of invention (03109680.8) is had to disclose with acidity regulator Ca (HCO 3) 2regulate a kind of bio-organic fertilizer carrier of wind coal or brown coal pH.
The starting point due to foregoing invention is how to improve the surviving rate of solid support material to functional microorganism in the adsorptive capacity of functional microorganism and microbial inoculum, so these carriers do not meet food source Organic waste degradation bacterium and must have fine air permeability, retentiveness and the requirement to microbial decomposition tolerance to carrier.For this reason, patent of invention (201010272774.1) discloses with branch bits, husk, cotton seed hull, bamboo shoot shell bits etc. as propping material; With the peat composed of rotten mosses, bamboo charcoal powder, zeolite powder, clay, kaolin etc. are sorbing material; With synthetic high molecular polymer as agricultural soil water-holding agent water-absorbing-retaining material, through the carrier of the perishable organic garbage degrading bactericide that assembly is formed.Because drawing materials of the propping materials such as above-mentioned branch bits, husk, cotton seed hull, bamboo shoot shell bits usually limits by seasonal and region, in the applying of food source organic waste microbiological deterioration technology for eliminating, there is certain limitation, for this reason, application number be 201410093297.0 patent discloses utilize cow dung, decomposed manure that mushroom slag is prepared through Aerobic thermophilic compost is propping material, be dispersion agent with white carbon black, take super absorbent resin as water-absorbing water-retaining agent, through the carrier of the food source Organic waste degradation bacterium that assembly is formed.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind ofly can adsorb the solid fungicide of the degraded food source organic waste of more garbage degradation bacterium liquid than disclosed food source Organic waste degradation bacterium carrier already, to reduce the microbial inoculum weight being added to garbage degradation system, thus alleviate the operating load of garbage degradation machine rotating shaft, and then improve garbage degradation efficiency.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of solid fungicide of food source organic waste of degrading, be made up of food source organic waste degradation liquid microbial inoculum and solid support material, the weight of liquid bacterial agent is 10% ~ 200% of vehicle weight.
Improvement as the solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste of the present invention: solid support material is made up of decomposed manure and coconut palm chaff brick; The weight ratio of decomposed manure and coconut palm chaff brick is 0.1 ~ 10:1.
Further improvement as the solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste of the present invention: described decomposed manure is the fertilizer that cow dung and mushroom slag become thoroughly decomposed through thermophilic fermentation, water ratio≤30% (% by weight).
Remarks illustrate: " absorption and propping material " described in the invention " food source Organic waste degradation bacterium carrier " that described decomposed manure is 201410093297.0 according to application number is prepared.
Further improvement as the solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste of the present invention: the weight ratio of decomposed manure and coconut palm chaff brick is 1 ~ 4:1 (remarks illustrate: this is the preferred ratio considering rear gained from cost and effect angle); The weight of liquid bacterial agent is 70% ~ 150% of vehicle weight.
In the present invention, food source organic waste degradation liquid microbial inoculum can select current existing various liquid bacterial agent.
Solid support material of the present invention, selects dry decomposed manure (that is, water ratio is 10% ~ 30%) and coconut palm chaff brick.Wherein decomposed manure is become thoroughly decomposed through Aerobic thermophilic compost by cow dung and mushroom slag and is obtained, its water content≤30%; Drying process if desired (as dried or being exposed to the sun), thus control water ratio is 15% ~ 20%.
Coconut palm chaff brick is novel excellent soilless culture substrate excellent in flowers, gardening plantation, through the compressed block that high temperature high pressure process is made, not containing sick worm, totally, and environmental protection.Coconut palm chaff brick obtains, such as, purchased from the coconut palm chaff brick of Taizhou plain Shen Bang garden supplies company limited by commercial form.Coconut palm chaff brick can reach 4 times of its deadweight to the adsorptive capacity of liquid.
The present inventor is by learning after a large amount of experiments, the carrier of food source Organic waste degradation bacterium must be loose porous and have fine air permeability and stronger water suction water-holding power, to microbial decomposition, there is stronger tolerance simultaneously, microbial inoculum matrix could be made in garbage degradation system operation to maintain good aeration status and suitable water ratio, with the vigorous growth of content with funtion flora to the requirement of aerobic condition; Otherwise, if matrix is loose not do not possess good ventilation property, or solid support material is decomposed by the Institute of Micro-biology in system very soon in operational process, or material water-absorbent difference free-water after the food source organic waste that water ratio is higher drops into garbage degradation system is too much, capital causes matrix close knot and form anaerobic environment, organic waste is decomposed not exclusively and produces the effusion such as the intermediate product that has the voltaile fatty acid of peculiar smell, cause degeneration system cannot steady running, have to frequently change microbial inoculum and carrier, the running cost of garbage degradation system is greatly increased; Simultaneously, if the carrier proportion of microbial inoculum is comparatively large, the adsorptive capacity of unit weight carrier to bacterium liquid is lower, the microbial inoculum being added to garbage degradation system then can be caused overweight and increase the operating load of garbage degradation machine rotating shaft, and then strengthening the garbage degradation efficiency of degeneration system unit consumption of energy.
The present invention carries out screening, assembly research based on food source organic waste degeneration system to these particular requirements of microbial inoculum carrier material just, and takes into full account the adsorptive capacity of unit weight carrier to bacterium liquid.The carrier of gained of the present invention is suitable for preparing all " organic waste efficient degradation functional microorganism solid fungicide ", and the solid fungicide of gained of the present invention is applicable to all " organic waste efficient degradation handler ".
The present invention is formed the carrier of food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum with decomposed manure and coconut palm chaff brick by the weight ratio of 1 ~ 4:1; Food source organic waste degradable solid bacterial preparation process of the present invention is: add organic garbage degradation microbial inoculum according to 10% ~ 200% (being preferably 70% ~ 150%) of vehicle weight, mix, and packing is preserved; Preservation condition is: normal temperature, dry environment, keep away and expose to the sun and rain.In the preservation period scheduling to last half a year, can add in all kinds of garbage degradation handler, degraded Processing for removing is carried out to food source organic waste.Generally, 1.5kg ~ 2kg food source organic waste of the present invention degradable solid microbial inoculum (solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste) is placed in family expenses garbage degradation handler, process 1kg domestic organic garbage (rubbish from cooking) every day, degeneration system runs 3 months continuously, and rubbish volume reduction rate (R) reaches more than 96%.R=(A-B-C)/A × 100; Wherein, the general garbage that A adds during being garbage degradation system cloud gray model is amassed; Remaining garbage bulk when B is end of run; C is that running initial is the solid fungicide volume dropped into.For the kitchen garbage treater in hotel, restaurant, dining room etc., according to the dosage of the processing power determination solid fungicide of equipment de-sign.
Food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum of the present invention, tool has the following advantages:
1. gained solid fungicide of the present invention overcomes the limitation that disclosed food source Organic waste degradation bacterium already need be applied by solid support material and degradation function microbial inoculum extemporaneous preparation, and to be more convenient for logistics transportation and preservation relative to liquid bacterial agent.
2. the carrier of gained solid fungicide of the present invention has loose porous and resistance to microbiological deterioration characteristic, in the garbage degradation system operation reaching the several months, do not produce caking phenomenon, thus can ensure stability and the high efficiency of garbage degradation system cloud gray model;
3. in the carrier of gained solid fungicide of the present invention, contain the coconut palm chaff brick that liquid adsorption amount reaches deadweight 4 times, relative to the carrier disclosed in patent (201410093297.0) a before contriver, be multiplied etc. the microbial inoculum adsorptive capacity of weight carrier, therefore the function yeast load capacity of unit weight carrier is also multiplied, thus be conducive under the prerequisite of the identical thalline dosage of maintenance, reduce the solid fungicide weight added to garbage degradation machine, and then alleviate the operating load of garbage degradation machine rotating shaft.
In sum, solid fungicide of the present invention, the adsorbable liquid bacteria dosage of carrier of equal weight increases by 3 ~ 4 times relative to prior art, under the prerequisite adding equivalent liquid bacterial agent, can reduce the consumption of solid fungicide; Therefore for the system of equal garbage degradation amount, used carrier weight reduces half, can greatly reduce the operating load of garbage degradation machine rotating shaft; It is the requirement of half a year that solid fungicide can reach Ministry of Agriculture's standard biological fertilizer preservation period, now with the current relative to patent 201410093297.0, use with logistics in more convenient.Therefore, present invention alleviates adding garbage degradation machine rotating shaft operating load because of degradation bacterial agent carrier in garbage degradation system operation, thus improve garbage degradation efficiency.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1, a kind of food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum (solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste), the concrete preparation method of this solid fungicide: add organic garbage degradation microbial inoculum (food source organic waste degradation liquid microbial inoculum) according to 85% of vehicle weight, mix, and packing is preserved.
The carrier of this microbial inoculum is grouped into by the one-tenth of following weight content: the decomposed manure of 80% and the coconut palm chaff brick of 20%.Wherein, decomposed manure by cow dung mushroom slag (weight ratio 4:1) through aerobic high-heat fermentation maturity gained, water ratio 15%.Its preparation method is specially: be 70% fresh cow dung and water ratio by water ratio be 28% needle mushroom slag, mixes, obtain mixture (water ratio is about 62%) according to the weight ratio of 4:1; Press mixture weight again 0.5% inoculates the Aerobic thermophilic compost fermenting agent prepared according to the embodiment 1 of patent of invention 200510049704.9, after mixing, carries out conventional compost treatment, obtains decomposed manure after about 33 days.It is 15% that decomposed manure dries water content after 3 hours through 60 DEG C.
Remarks illustrate: conventional compost treatment is: need to carry out first time turning when the core temperature of general compost material is warming up to about 60 DEG C (55 ~ 65 DEG C), then compost material enters hot stage; In hot stage, compost material generally every turning in 2 ~ 3 days once (object is also the core temperature controlling compost material), after hot stage turning 2 ~ 4 times (namely altogether turning 3 ~ 5 times), no longer turning, continues to bank up till compost material is become thoroughly decomposed.
Coconut palm chaff brick: buy from market.
Organic waste degrading microorganism bacterium liquid is prepared according to the embodiment 2 of patent of invention 201010272835.4.
Embodiment 2, a kind of food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum, the concrete preparation method of this solid fungicide: add organic garbage degradation microbial inoculum (food source organic waste degradation liquid microbial inoculum) according to 90% of vehicle weight, mix, and packing is preserved.
The carrier of this microbial inoculum is grouped into by the one-tenth of following weight content: the decomposed manure of 75% and the coconut palm chaff brick of 25%.Wherein: decomposed manure water ratio is 19%, and its preparation method is specially: water ratio is 74% fresh cow dung and water ratio is 29% Pleurotus eryngii slag, mixes, obtain mixture (water ratio is about 63%) according to the weight ratio of 3:1; Press mixture weight again 0.7% inoculates the Aerobic thermophilic compost fermenting agent prepared according to the embodiment 2 of patent of invention 200510049704.9, after mixing, carries out conventional compost treatment; Decomposed manure is obtained after about 35 days.Decomposed manure water content after being exposed to the sun 1 day is 19%.
Coconut palm chaff brick is bought from market.
Organic waste degrading microorganism bacterium liquid is prepared according to the embodiment 2 of patent of invention 201010272823.1.
Embodiment 3, a kind of food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum, the concrete preparation method of this solid fungicide: add organic garbage degradation microbial inoculum (food source organic waste degradation liquid microbial inoculum) according to 100% of vehicle weight, mix, and packing is preserved.
The carrier of this microbial inoculum is grouped into by the one-tenth of following weight content: the decomposed manure of 65% and the coconut palm chaff brick of 35%.Wherein: the fertilizer water ratio become thoroughly decomposed is 22%, and its preparation method is specially: be 74% fresh cow dung and water ratio by water ratio be 22% needle mushroom slag, mix according to the weight ratio of 4.5:1, obtain mixture (water ratio is about 64.5%); Press mixture weight again 0.6% inoculates the Aerobic thermophilic compost fermenting agent prepared according to the embodiment 1 of patent of invention 200510049704.9, carries out conventional compost treatment after mixing; Decomposed manure is obtained after about 38 days.After decomposed manure is exposed to the sun 1 day, water content is 22%.
Coconut palm chaff brick is bought from market.
Organic waste degrading microorganism bacterium liquid is prepared according to the embodiment 2 of patent of invention 20101272801.5.
Embodiment 4, a kind of food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum, the concrete preparation method of this solid fungicide: add organic garbage degradation microbial inoculum (food source organic waste degradation liquid microbial inoculum) according to 110% of vehicle weight, mix, and packing is preserved.
The carrier of this microbial inoculum is grouped into by the one-tenth of following weight content: the decomposed manure of 60% and the coconut palm chaff brick of 40%.Wherein: the fertilizer water ratio become thoroughly decomposed is 28%, and its preparation method is specially: be 71% fresh cow dung and water ratio by water ratio be 20% needle mushroom slag, mix according to the weight ratio of 5:1, obtain mixture (water ratio is about 62.5%); Press mixture weight again 0.5% inoculates the Aerobic thermophilic compost fermenting agent prepared according to the embodiment 1 of patent of invention 200510049704.9, carries out conventional compost treatment after mixing; Within about 30 days, obtain decomposed manure.After decomposed manure is exposed to the sun 1 day, water content is 28%.
Coconut palm chaff brick is bought from market.
Organic waste degrading microorganism bacterium liquid is prepared according to the embodiment 1 that application number is 201410142734.3 patents of invention.
Test 1, by the food source organic waste degradable solid bacterium (solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste) of 60kg by embodiment 1 gained, be placed in the waste biochemical processor SZ-AS300 of Beijing Sheng Zhi development in science and technology company limited manufacture, open processor operation and after 2 hours, add the food source organic waste formed primarily of leftovers leftovers, melon skin shell, dish root vegetables skin etc.; Except not adding two-day weekend, every day, rubbish dosage was 100-120kg; Whole degeneration system runs 11 months continuously, and rubbish volume reduction rate (namely adding the cumulative volume of rubbish and the difference of residual refuse volume to the per-cent of cumulative volume adding rubbish) reaches 96%.
Test 2, by the food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum of 160kg by embodiment 2 gained, be placed in the waste biochemical processor SZ-AS300 of Beijing Sheng Zhi development in science and technology company limited manufacture, open processor operation and after 2 hours, add the food source organic waste formed primarily of leftovers leftovers, melon skin shell, dish root vegetables skin etc.; Except not adding two-day weekend, every day, rubbish dosage was 350-380kg; Whole degeneration system runs 6 months continuously, and the per-cent of difference to the cumulative volume adding rubbish of cumulative volume and residual refuse volume that namely rubbish volume reduction rate adds rubbish reaches 93%.
Test 3, by the food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum of 320kg embodiment 3 gained, be placed in the waste biochemical processor SZ-AS300 of Beijing Sheng Zhi development in science and technology company limited manufacture, open processor operation and after 2 hours, add the food source organic waste formed primarily of leftovers leftovers, melon skin shell, dish root vegetables skin etc.; Except not adding two-day weekend, every day, rubbish dosage was 700-750kg; Whole degeneration system runs 4 months continuously, and the per-cent of difference to the cumulative volume adding rubbish of cumulative volume and residual refuse volume that namely rubbish volume reduction rate adds rubbish reaches 90%.
Test 4, by the food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum of 65kg by embodiment 4 gained, be placed in the waste biochemical processor SZ-AS300 of Beijing Sheng Zhi development in science and technology company limited manufacture, open processor operation and after 2 hours, add the food source organic waste formed primarily of leftovers leftovers, melon skin shell, dish root vegetables skin etc.; Except not adding two-day weekend, every day, rubbish dosage was 100 ~ 130kg; , whole degeneration system runs 11 months continuously, and the per-cent of difference to the cumulative volume adding rubbish of cumulative volume and residual refuse volume that namely rubbish volume reduction rate adds rubbish reaches 96%.
Test 5, by the food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum of 180kg by embodiment 4 gained, be placed in the waste biochemical processor SZ-AS300 of Beijing Sheng Zhi development in science and technology company limited manufacture, open processor operation and after 2 hours, add the food source organic waste formed primarily of leftovers leftovers, melon skin shell, dish root vegetables skin etc.; Except not adding two-day weekend, every day, rubbish dosage was 350-380kg; Whole degeneration system runs 6 months continuously, and the per-cent of difference to the cumulative volume adding rubbish of cumulative volume and residual refuse volume that namely rubbish volume reduction rate adds rubbish reaches 95%.
Test 6, by the food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum of 300kg embodiment 4 gained, be placed in the waste biochemical processor SZ-AS300 of Beijing Sheng Zhi development in science and technology company limited manufacture, open processor operation and after 2 hours, add the food source organic waste formed primarily of leftovers leftovers, melon skin shell, dish root vegetables skin etc.; Except not adding two-day weekend, every day, rubbish dosage was 700-750kg, and whole degeneration system runs 3 months continuously, and the per-cent of difference to the cumulative volume adding rubbish of cumulative volume and residual refuse volume that namely rubbish volume reduction rate adds rubbish reaches 94%.
Experiment 7, being prepared by embodiment 1 and the solid fungicide that obtain preserves half a year, then testing with testing method described in 1.
Whole degeneration system runs 11 months continuously, and rubbish volume reduction rate (namely adding the cumulative volume of rubbish and the difference of residual refuse volume to the per-cent of cumulative volume adding rubbish) reaches 96%.
Comparative example 1, a kind of complex micro organism fungicide absorption powder (ZL02123534.1), its by the soya bean stem meal of 55.5%, the rice bran of 18.5% and 26% zeolite powder form.Above-mentioned % is all weight percentage.
The food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum preparing gained with the carrier of above-mentioned powder alternate embodiment 1 is starchiness.
Contrast experiment 1-1, with the solid fungicide alternate embodiment 1 gained solid fungicide of above-mentioned comparative example 1 gained, all the other with experiment 1.
Result is: garbage degradation system only runs 2 days continuously, just occurs matrix caking phenomenon, and system has peculiar smell to overflow cannot continue operation, and rubbish volume reduction rate is just reduced to 30%.
Comparative example 2, novel bio-organic fertilizer carrier (200810064089.2), it adds Calcium hydrogen carbonate adjustment pH6.8. by pulverizing weathered coal.
The food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum preparing gained with the carrier of above-mentioned carrier alternate embodiment 1 is starchiness.
Contrast experiment 1-2, with the solid fungicide alternate embodiment 1 gained solid fungicide of above-mentioned comparative example 2 gained, all the other with experiment 1.
Result is: garbage degradation system only runs 2 days continuously, just occurs matrix caking phenomenon, and system has peculiar smell to overflow cannot continue operation, and rubbish volume reduction rate is just reduced to 25%.
Comparative example 3, by soil: sawdust: the volume ratio of vermiculite=1:1:1 forms solid support material.
The food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum preparing gained with the carrier of above-mentioned carrier alternate embodiment 1 is starchiness.
Contrast experiment 1-3, with the solid fungicide alternate embodiment 1 gained solid fungicide of above-mentioned comparative example 3 gained, all the other with experiment 1.
Result is: garbage degradation system only runs 5 days continuously, just occurs matrix caking phenomenon, and system has peculiar smell to overflow cannot continue operation, and rubbish volume reduction rate is just reduced to 35%.
Comparative example 4, be solid support material with decomposed manure.
The food source organic waste degradable solid microbial inoculum preparing gained with the carrier of above-mentioned carrier alternate embodiment 1 is starchiness.
Contrast experiment 1-4, with the solid fungicide alternate embodiment 1 gained solid fungicide of above-mentioned comparative example 4 gained, all the other with experiment 1.
Result is: garbage degradation system only runs 7 days continuously, just occurs matrix caking phenomenon, and system has peculiar smell to overflow cannot continue operation, and rubbish volume reduction rate is just reduced to 40%.
Comparative example 5, prepare solid fungicide according to method described in 201410093297.0:
This carrier is grouped into by the one-tenth of following weight content: the absorption of 98.5% and propping material (being specially: the fertilizer that cow dung and mushroom slag become thoroughly decomposed through thermophilic fermentation), the dispersing material (being specially: granularity 100 object white carbon black) of 0.5% and the water-absorbing-retaining material (being specially: granularity 20 object super absorbent resin---polyacrylamide) of 1%.
Organic garbage degradation microbial inoculum is added according to 10% of vehicle weight; Obtain solid fungicide I.
Contrast experiment 5-1, by 165kg solid fungicide I, be placed in the waste biochemical processor SZ-AS300 of Beijing Sheng Zhi development in science and technology company limited manufacture, open processor operation and after 2 hours, add the food source organic waste formed primarily of leftovers leftovers, melon skin shell, dish root vegetables skin etc.; Except not adding two-day weekend, every day, rubbish dosage was 100-120kg; Whole degeneration system runs 11 months continuously, and rubbish volume reduction rate (namely adding the cumulative volume of rubbish and the difference of residual refuse volume to the per-cent of cumulative volume adding rubbish) reaches 95%.
The consumption of contrast experiment 5-2, solid fungicide I reduces 60kg (the solid fungicide consumption with embodiment 1) by the 165kg of contrast experiment 5-1, but test according to contrast experiment 5-1, whole degeneration system only runs 9 days, just there is matrix caking phenomenon, system has peculiar smell to overflow cannot continue operation, and rubbish volume reduction rate is just reduced to 60%.
Finally, it is also to be noted that what enumerate above is only several specific embodiments of the present invention.Obviously, the invention is not restricted to above embodiment, many distortion can also be had.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive from content disclosed by the invention or associate, all should think protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. the solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste, it is characterized in that: be made up of food source organic waste degradation liquid microbial inoculum and solid support material, the weight of liquid bacterial agent is 10% ~ 200% of vehicle weight.
2. the solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste according to claim 1, is characterized in that: solid support material is made up of decomposed manure and coconut palm chaff brick; The weight ratio of decomposed manure and coconut palm chaff brick is 0.1 ~ 10:1.
3. the solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described decomposed manure is the fertilizer that cow dung and mushroom slag become thoroughly decomposed through thermophilic fermentation, water ratio≤30%.
4. the solid fungicide of the degraded food source organic waste according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that: the weight ratio of decomposed manure and coconut palm chaff brick is 1 ~ 4:1; The weight of liquid bacterial agent is 70% ~ 150% of vehicle weight.
CN201410649934.8A 2014-11-16 2014-11-16 The solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste Active CN104450661B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410649934.8A CN104450661B (en) 2014-11-16 2014-11-16 The solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410649934.8A CN104450661B (en) 2014-11-16 2014-11-16 The solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104450661A true CN104450661A (en) 2015-03-25
CN104450661B CN104450661B (en) 2017-06-30

Family

ID=52897414

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410649934.8A Active CN104450661B (en) 2014-11-16 2014-11-16 The solid fungicide of degraded food source organic waste

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104450661B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105294181A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 江苏纳克生物工程有限公司 Production method for straw fertilizer rich in bacillus mucilaginosus
CN105885991A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-24 江苏浦士达环保科技股份有限公司 Preparation method of coir synthetic granules
CN111500459A (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-08-07 蔚复来(浙江)科技股份有限公司 Preparation method of perishable garbage degradation solid microbial inoculum

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101948337A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-01-19 浙江大学 Perishable organic garbage degrading bactericide carrier
CN102010843A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-04-13 浙江大学 Food waste degradation and elimination type microbial bacterial agent, preparation method thereof and bacteria used thereby
CN102010844A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-04-13 浙江大学 Perishable organic garbage degradation and elimination microbial agent, preparation method and used bacteria thereof
CN103073363A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-05-01 王军峰 Active all-nutrition multivitamin organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103896641A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-07-02 浙江大学 Food-borne organic waste degrading bacteria carrier
CN103937713A (en) * 2014-04-10 2014-07-23 浙江大学 Microbial degradation liquid bactericide for food-borne organic refuse and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101948337A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-01-19 浙江大学 Perishable organic garbage degrading bactericide carrier
CN102010843A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-04-13 浙江大学 Food waste degradation and elimination type microbial bacterial agent, preparation method thereof and bacteria used thereby
CN102010844A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-04-13 浙江大学 Perishable organic garbage degradation and elimination microbial agent, preparation method and used bacteria thereof
CN103073363A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-05-01 王军峰 Active all-nutrition multivitamin organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103896641A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-07-02 浙江大学 Food-borne organic waste degrading bacteria carrier
CN103937713A (en) * 2014-04-10 2014-07-23 浙江大学 Microbial degradation liquid bactericide for food-borne organic refuse and preparation method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105294181A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 江苏纳克生物工程有限公司 Production method for straw fertilizer rich in bacillus mucilaginosus
CN105294181B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-11-27 江苏纳克生物工程有限公司 The production method of stalk fertilizer rich in colloid bacillus cereus
CN105885991A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-24 江苏浦士达环保科技股份有限公司 Preparation method of coir synthetic granules
CN111500459A (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-08-07 蔚复来(浙江)科技股份有限公司 Preparation method of perishable garbage degradation solid microbial inoculum

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104450661B (en) 2017-06-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104261913B (en) A kind of technique utilizing microbe fermentation method to prepare pig manure bio-organic fertilizer
CA2695978C (en) Method for the production of humus and nutrient rich and water-storing soils or soil substrates for sustainable land use and development systems
CN102249508B (en) Method for comprehensively utilizing sludge in recycling mode
CN101948337B (en) Perishable organic garbage degrading bactericide carrier
CN104529112B (en) Sludge organism drying method for treating
CN102408280A (en) High-activity antibacterial peptide-containing matrix for garden seedling cultivation, as well as preparation and application thereof
CN101597532B (en) Sludge fuel and preparation method thereof
CN108002871A (en) A kind of method that rubbish from cooking makes green fertilizer material
CN101618934B (en) Sludge dry powder and preparation method thereof
CN102701838B (en) Microbial organic fertilizer by using papermaking sludge as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN102515886B (en) Process for producing biological bacterial fertilizer by taking domestic sewage plant dewatered sludge as raw material
CN101838090A (en) Method for treating sludge of urban sewage treatment plants in controllable composting mode
CN103396235B (en) Method for producing organic fertilizer by orange peel slag
CN109354533A (en) A kind of afforestation Nutrition Soil and its modulator approach using urban waste modulation
CN106746428A (en) A kind of high-temperature aerobic fermentation method for sludge treatment and device
CN103896641B (en) Food-borne organic waste degrading bacteria carrier
CN104450661A (en) Solid fungicide for degrading food-sourced organic garbage
CN103937713B (en) Microbiological deterioration liquid bacterial agent of food source organic waste and preparation method thereof
CN102617200B (en) Method for composing sludge by adding mineralized waste
CN110692488A (en) Vegetable soilless culture substrate formula and preparation method thereof
CN109053330A (en) A kind of medium of soil improvement
CN101063152B (en) Kitchen residual garbage normal temperature anaerobic fermentation method
CN104446725A (en) Tank type sludge continuous aerobic fermentation process and complete equipment
CN206417986U (en) A kind of high-temperature aerobic fermentation sludge treatment equipment
CN102503061A (en) Inorganic-organic composite conditioner for sludge composting

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant