CN104448584B - High-temperature-resistant and oil-resistant fluorine rubber and ethylene propylene rubber composite insulated cable material and manufacturing method - Google Patents

High-temperature-resistant and oil-resistant fluorine rubber and ethylene propylene rubber composite insulated cable material and manufacturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104448584B
CN104448584B CN201410705898.2A CN201410705898A CN104448584B CN 104448584 B CN104448584 B CN 104448584B CN 201410705898 A CN201410705898 A CN 201410705898A CN 104448584 B CN104448584 B CN 104448584B
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parts
component
fluorubber
ethylene propylene
resistant
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CN104448584A (en
Inventor
崔金生
张书军
张宝龙
程伟
杨启曾
李君�
孙连发
田志明
吴健
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HEBEI HUATONG WIRES AND CABLES GROUP CO Ltd
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HEBEI HUATONG WIRES AND CABLES GROUP CO Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/16Elastomeric ethene-propene or ethene-propene-diene copolymers, e.g. EPR and EPDM rubbers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B3/00Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties
    • H01B3/18Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances
    • H01B3/28Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances natural or synthetic rubbers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/08Stabilised against heat, light or radiation or oxydation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2203/00Applications
    • C08L2203/20Applications use in electrical or conductive gadgets
    • C08L2203/202Applications use in electrical or conductive gadgets use in electrical wires or wirecoating
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/03Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend
    • C08L2205/035Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend containing four or more polymers in a blend

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Medicinal Chemistry (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Spectroscopy & Molecular Physics (AREA)
  • Organic Insulating Materials (AREA)
  • Compositions Of Macromolecular Compounds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a high-temperature-resistant and oil-resistant fluorine rubber and ethylene propylene rubber composite insulated cable material and a manufacturing method, and belongs to the technical field of cables. The technical scheme is that a component A mainly comprises 30-40 parts of tetrafluoroethylene and propylene copolymer fluorine rubber and 60-70 parts of 4045 ethylene propylene diene monomer, and a component B comprises 3-4 parts of 1,3-bis(tert-butylperoxy)-diisopropyl benzene peroxide and 2-3 parts of triallyl isocyanurate TAIC; when the components are mixed in a mixer, two types of rubber in the component A are mixed for 1 min in proportion, other materials of the component A are added and mixed for 4-5 min and filtered, then the component B is added and mixed for 2-3 min, batched out and cooled, and a finished product is obtained. On the basis that the electrical property of an insulating material is guaranteed, the tetrafluoroethylene and propylene copolymer is introduced, so that the cable prepared from the insulated cable material can be used for a long time at the ambient temperature of 150 DEG C, and the highest use temperature is 200 DEG C; and in the aspect of oil resistance, the prepared cable is applicable to places requiring contact with mineral oil at the ambient temperature of 150 DEG C.

Description

High temperature resistant oil resistant fluorubber and EP rubbers compound insulated cable material and manufacture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of high temperature resistant oil resistant fluorubber and EP rubbers compound insulated cable material and manufacture method, belong to Field of cable technology.
Background technology
With the development of science and technology, people are to wire cable insulating requirement also more and more higher, particularly high temperature resistant, oil resistant electricity Cable, cable insulation is not required nothing more than has electrical insulation capability high, and proposes requirement higher to heat-resisting, in 150 DEG C of environment At a temperature of long-term use, and require at these elevated temperatures have oil resistance.At present, the electric wire of background technology is in insulation In material selection, general to use EP rubbers as insulating materials, EP rubbers has extraordinary electrical insulation properties and one Fixed heat resistance, can under 120 DEG C of environment temperatures long-term use, but because EP rubbers is non-polar rubber, oil resistant stabilization Property it is poor, and EP rubbers start at 150 DEG C it is slow decompose, aging rear rubber is hardened and loses use value for a long time.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of high temperature resistant oil resistant fluorubber and EP rubbers compound insulated cable material and manufacturer Method, ensure insulating properties on the basis of, can under 150 DEG C of environment temperatures long-term use, solve background technology present in it is above-mentioned Problem.
The technical scheme is that:
A kind of high temperature resistant oil resistant fluorubber and EP rubbers compound insulated cable material, are made up of component A and B component;Component A The weight portion of each raw material components is:
30-40 parts of tetrafluoroethene and propylene copolymer fluorubber;4045 ethylene propylene diene rubber 60-70 parts;2,2,4- tri- Methyl isophthalic acid, 2-3 parts of 2- dihyaroquinoline condensates;Stearic acid 0.5-1 parts;Zinc oxide 5-6 parts;Paraffin 4-5 parts;1,3- fourths Diene polymer 9-12 parts;Calcinated argil 70-80 parts;Talcum powder 25-30 parts;Carbon black 2-5 parts;
The weight portion of each raw material components of B component is:
1,3- is double(Tert-butyl peroxy base)- dicumyl peroxide 3-4 parts;Triallyl isocyanurate TAIC 2- 3 parts;
During mixer mixing, first by tetrafluoroethene in component A and propylene copolymer fluorubber and 4045 ethylene propylene diene rubbers After kneading 1 minute in proportion, other materials of component A mixing 4-5 minutes is added, filtering is subsequently adding B component, 2-3 points of mixing Clock bottom sheet is cooled down, as finished product.
The talcum powder is superfine talcum powder, 5000 mesh;Carbon black is N990.
A kind of high temperature resistant oil resistant fluorubber and EP rubbers compound insulated cable material and manufacture method, comprising following technique step Suddenly:
Each raw material is weighed by the weight portion of constitutive material respectively, component A and B component is constituted;
The weight portion of each raw material components of component A is:
30-40 parts of tetrafluoroethene and propylene copolymer fluorubber;4045 ethylene propylene diene rubber 60-70 parts;2,2,4- tri- Methyl isophthalic acid, 2-3 parts of 2- dihyaroquinoline condensates;Stearic acid 0.5-1 parts;Zinc oxide 5-6 parts;Paraffin 4-5 parts;1,3- fourths Diene polymer 9-12 parts;Calcinated argil 70-80 parts;Talcum powder 25-30 parts;Carbon black 2-5 parts;
The weight portion of each raw material components of B component is:
1,3- is double(Tert-butyl peroxy base)- dicumyl peroxide 3-4 parts;Triallyl isocyanurate TAIC 2- 3 parts;
In mixer mixing, first by tetrafluoroethene in component A and propylene copolymer fluorubber and 4045 EPDMs After rubber kneads 1 minute in proportion, other materials of component A mixing 4-5 minutes is added, filtering is subsequently adding B component, kneads Bottom sheet cooling in 2-3 minutes, as finished product.
Fluorubber has the characteristics such as high temperature resistant, oil resistant, is the indispensable material of advanced science technology, but fluorubber belongs to , also there is suitable gap on specific insulation and breakdown voltage compared with ethylene propylene diene rubber in polar rubber, it is comprehensive with It is upper to consider compound with tetrafluoroethene and propylene copolymer and 4045 the third glue of second, as the invention basic material and with other materials Material mixing, is obtained high temperature resistant oil resistant cable.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:On the basis of insulating materials electrical property is ensured, by introducing tetrafluoroethene and propylene Copolymer, make cable that the insulated cable material of the invention manufactures can under 150 DEG C of environment temperatures long-term use maximum operation (service) temperature 200℃.In terms of oil resistant, the cable of manufacture is applied to the place of contact mineral oil under 150 DEG C of environment temperatures.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described by the following examples.
In embodiment, the weight portion of component A and B component is:
Component A:
35 parts of tetrafluoroethene and propylene copolymer fluorubber
4045 65 parts of ethylene propylene diene rubbers
2.5 parts of 2,2,4- trimethyl -1,2- dihyaroquinolines condensate
0.5 part of stearic acid
5 parts of zinc oxide
4.5 parts of paraffin
10 parts of 1,3- butadiene polymers
80 parts of calcinated argil
Superfine talcum powder(5000 mesh)25 parts
Carbon black(N990)5 parts
B component:
Double tert-butyl peroxy base -3.5 parts of the dicumyl peroxides of 1,3-
2.5 parts of Triallyl isocyanurate TAIC
During mixer mixing, first component A unclassified stores after two kinds of sizing materials knead 1 minute in proportion in component A, will be added to mix Refining 4-5 minutes, filtering is subsequently adding B component, and mixing bottom sheet cooling in 2-3 minutes is manufactured into high temperature resistant, oil resistant fluorubber and second Third rubber combined insulated cable material.
The CABLE MATERIALS performance data of the present embodiment:
CABLE MATERIALS insulating barrier 1.9mm of the present invention meets GB GB/ by 5000V finished product Voltage experiments, physical and mechanical properties Insulating materials in E1 types and IEEE1018 is required in T16750.It is shown in Table one.
As can be seen from the table, GB and American Standard requirement tensile strength are respectively 6N/mm^2 and 6.2N/mm^2, and fracture is stretched Rate long is respectively 90% and 100%, and hot air is aging to be respectively 135 ± 2 DEG C × 168h and 121 ± 2 DEG C × 168h;The present invention is resistance to Heat and oil resistant condition are 150 ± 2 DEG C × 168h, and various physical and mechanical properties indexs meet GB and Unite States Standard requirement.It is full The foot market demand.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of high temperature resistant oil resistant fluorubber and EP rubbers compound insulated cable material, it is characterised in that by component A and B component group Into;The weight portion of each raw material components of component A is:
30-40 parts of tetrafluoroethene and propylene copolymer fluorubber;4045 ethylene propylene diene rubber 60-70 parts;2,2,4- trimethyls- 2-3 parts of 1,2- dihyaroquinoline condensates;Stearic acid 0.5-1 parts;Zinc oxide 5-6 parts;Paraffin 4-5 parts;1,3- butadiene Polymer 9-12 parts;Calcinated argil 70-80 parts;Talcum powder 25-30 parts;Carbon black 2-5 parts;
The weight portion of each raw material components of B component is:
The double tert-butyl peroxy bases-dicumyl peroxide 3-4 parts of 1,3-;2-3 parts of Triallyl isocyanurate TAIC;
During mixer mixing, first by tetrafluoroethene in component A and propylene copolymer fluorubber and 4045 ethylene propylene diene rubbers press than After example mixing 1 minute, other materials of component A mixing 4-5 minutes is added, filtering is subsequently adding B component, under kneading 2-3 minutes Piece is cooled down, as finished product.
2. the manufacture method of a kind of high temperature resistant oil resistant fluorubber and EP rubbers compound insulated cable material, it is characterised in that comprising such as Lower processing step:
Each raw material is weighed by the weight portion of constitutive material respectively, component A and B component is constituted;
The weight portion of each raw material components of component A is:
30-40 parts of tetrafluoroethene and propylene copolymer fluorubber;4045 ethylene propylene diene rubber 60-70 parts;2,2,4- trimethyls- 2-3 parts of 1,2- dihyaroquinoline condensates;Stearic acid 0.5-1 parts;Zinc oxide 5-6 parts;Paraffin 4-5 parts;1,3- butadiene Polymer 9-12 parts;Calcinated argil 70-80 parts;Talcum powder 25-30 parts;Carbon black 2-5 parts;
The weight portion of each raw material components of B component is:
The double tert-butyl peroxy bases-dicumyl peroxide 3-4 parts of 1,3-;2-3 parts of Triallyl isocyanurate TAIC;
In mixer mixing, first by tetrafluoroethene in component A and propylene copolymer fluorubber and 4045 ethylene propylene diene rubbers After kneading 1 minute in proportion, other materials of component A mixing 4-5 minutes is added, filtering is subsequently adding B component, 2-3 points of mixing Clock bottom sheet is cooled down, as finished product.
CN201410705898.2A 2014-12-01 2014-12-01 High-temperature-resistant and oil-resistant fluorine rubber and ethylene propylene rubber composite insulated cable material and manufacturing method Active CN104448584B (en)

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CN105037960A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-11-11 安徽春辉仪表线缆集团有限公司 Hydrolysis-resistant cable material for automobile and preparation method of hydrolysis-resistant cable material
CN105153600A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-12-16 安徽华宇电缆集团有限公司 Low-temperature resistant and aging-resistant cable for vessels
CN106496757B (en) * 2016-11-07 2019-04-23 中广核三角洲(中山)高聚物有限公司 A kind of resistance to 150 DEG C are exempted to irradiate oil-resistant low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant cable material of polyolefin and preparation method thereof
CN110734609B (en) * 2019-12-05 2022-07-12 万华化学(宁波)有限公司 High-toughness oil-resistant polypropylene composite material and preparation method thereof

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