CN104446703B - Organic matter composite granulated fertilizer - Google Patents

Organic matter composite granulated fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104446703B
CN104446703B CN201410667942.5A CN201410667942A CN104446703B CN 104446703 B CN104446703 B CN 104446703B CN 201410667942 A CN201410667942 A CN 201410667942A CN 104446703 B CN104446703 B CN 104446703B
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fertilizer
organic matter
component
organic
composite granulated
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CN104446703A (en
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逄焕成
王婧
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Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning of CAAS
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Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning of CAAS
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of organic matter composite granulated fertilizer.The organic matter composite granulated fertilizer includes following component:Crop material, combination argol powder, turf, soya-bean cake fertilizer and sapropel, wherein, the percentage by weight dry weight of each component is respectively:Crop material 40~55%, combination argol powder 20~40%, turf 5~10%, sapropel 3~8%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 2~5%;The each component that dry weight by weight percentage is mixed is well mixed; and film covering is sealed up for safekeeping in the pond built by laying bricks or stones, is stacked more than 15 days under normal temperature, after stacking fermentation; seal off and take out; drying, the fermentation component of drying is sent into pulverizer and smashed, and crosses 60 mesh sieves; the fermentation component after the processing of 60 mesh sieves was humidified in granulator; bulky grain is made, and the bulky grain being made is packed, organic matter composite granulated fertilizer is obtained.Using the present invention, organic farm products can be produced, ecological safety, fertilizer efficiency is fast, and nutritional ingredient is complete, long action time, can also reduce cost, ensure the mineral nutrient element of plant growth.

Description

Organic matter composite granulated fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to soil application technology, more particularly to one kind is adapted to production organic vegetable, organic grain, organic water Fruit and the organic matter composite granulated fertilizer of flowers.
Background technology
Organic agriculture (planting industry) is, in accordance with certain organic agriculture production standard, not use genetic engineering to obtain in production The biology and its product obtained, without using materials such as the agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer, growth regulator of chemical synthesis, it then follows the natural law and life State principle, uses a series of agricultural technology of sustainable developments to maintain one kind agricultural of continual and steady system agricultural industry The mode of production.Since 1970s, increasing people notices that modern conventional agriculture is bringing the labor of height to the mankind While dynamic productivity ratio and the physical product enriched, due to a large amount of using agricultural chemicals such as chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals, make environment and food By different degrees of pollution, natural ecosystems are destroyed, Land capability continuous decrease.Using chemical fertilizer to the mankind While bringing higher labor productivity and improve crop yield, abundant agricultural product supply, also cause the crops such as vegetables, grain Quality decline, it is often more important that, on the one hand, the chemical industry method environmental pollution for manufacturing chemical fertilizer is larger, on the other hand, largely The chemical fertilizer of administration can also be polluted inevitably to crop and soil, so as to leave hidden danger to human survival and life.Example Such as, the fertilizer and pesticide applied at present, the utilization rate that can be effectively absorbed by crop is very low, and general nitrogenous fertilizer only has 20-40%, and agricultural chemicals exists Adhesive rate is no more than 10-30% on crop, and remainder flows into environment and polluted.For example, the chemical fertilizer not yet in effect utilized It is dissolved in water, largely enters in rivers and lakes, cause body eutrophication, influences the existence of the aquatic animals and plants such as fish, pasture and water; For another example agricultural chemicals also increases the resistance of germ insect while germ insect is killed, while also killing beneficial organism and one A little neutrophilous organisms, as a result may cause disease pest rampant again, make pesticide dosage more and more big, the number of times of administration is more and more more, enter It is absorbed in vicious circle.Under this form, organic agriculture is arisen at the historic moment, its purpose is to preserve the ecological environment, and is rationally utilized Resource, realizes the sustainable development of Agro-ecological System.
The development of organic agriculture can help to solve a series of problems that modern agriculture is brought, such as the serious soil erosion and Land quality declines, and agricultural chemicals and chemical fertilizer are largely using the consumption polluted to environment with the energy, the reduction of species diversity etc. Deng, be conducive to recover the ecological balance.At the same time, the development of organic agriculture also contributes to farmers' income, development rural area warp Ji, organic agriculture is a kind of labor-intensive agricultural, therefore is favorably improved the employment rate of peasant.Importantly, organic The development of agricultural can also provide more high-quality, pure natural, free of contamination organic food to society, meet people to pure day The need for right food, the health of people is ensured, competitiveness of the agricultural products in China in international market is improved.
In recent years, the organic agriculture mode of production is promoted in the multiple provinces and regions of China, the area of organic agriculture and plantation Person's number increases year by year, is forming an emerging environmental protection industry, and developing rapidly.In China, Development of Organic Agriculture has Numerous advantages and vast potential for future development.There is time-honored traditional agriculture in China, in intensive cultivation, with foster combination, soil fertility Rich experience is all have accumulated in terms of Chang Xin, the coordination of farming and animal husbandry, is conducive to further developing on the basis of traditional agriculture organic Agricultural.Meanwhile, the production of organic agriculture is a kind of labor-intensive industry, and China rural laborer is numerous, and this is conducive to Organic food development can also solve large quantities of surplus rural labor forces simultaneously.Also, China is vast in territory, working condition is various, Development of Organic Agriculture possesses inherent advantage.At present, the development of China's organic agriculture industry, the improvement for promoting ecological disruption area And recovery, Ecological Environment is protected, promotes rural society and sustainable economic development to serve the effect of uniqueness, has Wide domestic and international market.
But, at present, for the exploration of organic agriculture, also in the elementary step, the organic fertilizer needed for Development of Organic Agriculture Material is mostly using self-control or commodity organic manure, and complex manufacturing process, transport are inconvenient, and cost of material is higher, and contained mineral is supported Divide element species relatively simple, it is impossible to fully meet the mineral nutrient element needs of plant growth, and fertilizer efficiency is slower, causes crop Yield is relatively low, it is difficult to adapt to the growth requirement of organic agriculture.
The content of the invention
In view of this, it is a primary object of the present invention to propose a kind of organic matter composite granulated fertilizer, reduce cost, ecology, Safety, and the mineral nutrient element demand of plant growth can be more preferably ensured, fertilizer efficiency is fast, long action time.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the invention provides a kind of organic matter composite granulated fertilizer, the organic matter composite granulated fertilizer bag Include following component:Crop material, combination argol powder, turf, soya-bean cake fertilizer and sapropel, wherein,
The percentage by weight dry weight of each component is respectively:Crop material 40~55%, combination argol powder 20~40%, turf 5~10%, sapropel 3~8%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 2~5%;
The each component that dry weight by weight percentage is mixed is well mixed, and film covering is sealed up for safekeeping in the pond built by laying bricks or stones, often Temperature is lower to stack more than 15 days, after stacking fermentation, seals off and takes out, drying sends into the fermentation component of drying in pulverizer Smash, and cross 60 mesh sieves, the fermentation component after the processing of 60 mesh sieves was humidified in granulator, bulky grain is made, and will be made Bulky grain is packed, and obtains organic matter composite granulated fertilizer.
It is preferred that the crop material includes:Maize straw, wheat stalk, rice straw and soybean stalk.
It is preferred that the combination argol powder includes:In chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung, sheep manure, rabbit excrement it is any three or more Combination, will combine the dry rear levigate mixing of component that argol powder includes.
It is preferred that the percentage by weight dry weight of each component is respectively:Crop material 42%, combination argol powder 35%, Turf 10%, sapropel 8%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 5%, for planting organic three-coloured amaranth, amount of application is 350,000 grams/acre, conduct before three-coloured amaranth sowing Base fertilizer ditch spread is applied, and applies 15 centimetres of depth.
As seen from the above technical solutions, a kind of organic matter composite granulated fertilizer provided in an embodiment of the present invention, using crop Stalk, combination argol powder, turf, soya-bean cake fertilizer and sapropel carry out multicomponent mixing, and crop material is with low cost, abundance, And contain abundant n-p-k element;It is the complete compound organic fertilizer of composition to combine argol powder, because it is by herbvore dynamic Thing and the excrement of omnivorous animal are mixed, and nutrient is more balanced, and function is more complete, it is possible to provide the nitrogen phosphorus needed for plant growth Potassium element;Turf, containing various elements such as abundant nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, manganese, is pure natural organic substance.With fertilizer efficiency length, nothing The advantages of pollution, nuisanceless, noresidue, and can improved soil, recover and improve water holding, draining, ventilation and the fertilizer conservation of soil Ability, can promote the growth of underground root system, so that product quality is improved, up to cause more preferably economic benefit;Sapropel is planted by shallow water is dynamic The residuum of thing, excreta and deposited, rot, decompose and mixed by grogs, the impurity highly swept away, contain great amount of soluble Nutrient;Soya-bean cake fertilizer can improve soil property, beneficial to plant growth rich in N P and K and other trace elements.
Because organic agriculture produces an application of organic fertilizers, crop yield can significantly be improved by further improving and accelerating fertilizer efficiency And quality, in the case where not applying chemical fertilizer how fast onset fertilizer efficiency, be the key of product the need for meeting plant growth.Together When, the raw material such as muck is not only difficult to directly be absorbed by crop such as not fermented direct apply, and can also produce some to crop Detrimental effect, and grow weeds, propagate disease pest etc..This product is granulated after each component is fermented, and organic fertilizer can be promoted to add Speed is decomposed, and can not only shorten fertilizer onset time, is more beneficial for rich water and is penetrated into soil, fast onset fertilizer efficiency, raising effect effect Rate, ensures the nutrient supply of plant growth, and is conducive to the breeding of microorganism, provides multiple element to crop, makes plant growth Well.Further, it is also possible to avoid the materials such as argol powder from directly applying the high temperature that after fermentation is produced, root system of burning.According to setting group Divide the organic matter composite granulated fertilizer of dry weight percentage by weight composition, both can effectively reduce organic agriculture cost, and work can be ensured The mineral nutrient element of thing growth, fertilizer efficiency is fast, long action time, and ecological, safety.
Embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with specific embodiment to the present invention It is described in further detail.
It is existing using apply chemical fertilizer agricultural development mode, because chemical fertilizer is manufactured by chemical industry method, with compared with Strong side effect, not only results in the quality decline of the crops such as vegetables, grain, can also cause dirt to soil environment and water environment Dye.
The main purpose of the embodiment of the present invention is to propose that a kind of green, environmental protection, safety, fertilizer efficiency are fast, long action time The organic matter composite granulated fertilizer of improved soil, is adapted to production organic vegetable, organic grain, organic fruits and flowers, this is organic Matter composite granulated fertilizer uses abundance, crop material with low cost for main component, be aided with having for pollution-free raw material production Machine matter, with Shaoshi or not to fertilize, so as to realize green agriculture and effectively reduce agriculture production cost.
In the embodiment of the present invention, it is contemplated that the organic fertilizer commonly used at present, for example, self-control or commodity organic manure, although be Improved soil structure, the effective way for improving agricultural product quality, but big multicomponent is single, and the mineral nutrient element species contained have Limit, it is difficult to meet the growth demand of crop, and fertilizer efficiency plays slower, nutrient is difficult quickly directly to be absorbed by crop, and system Make complicated, cost is higher.
The organic matter composite granulated fertilizer of the embodiment of the present invention, including following components:Crop material, combination argol powder, turf, Soya-bean cake fertilizer and sapropel, wherein, the percentage by weight dry weight of each component is respectively:Crop material 40~55%, combination argol powder 20~40%, turf 5~10%, sapropel 3~8%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 2~5%.
In the embodiment of the present invention, crop material is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and organic matter etc., wherein having sealed crops up for safekeeping The photosynthesis product of more than half, is a kind of one of most universal, maximally effective organic fertilizer raw material, and bacterium containing pathogeny, worm's ovum, grass Seed etc. is relatively fewer, and simplicity is easy to get, and has nutrient effects, soil improvement and improvement farmland ecological environment effect after returning to the field.Its fertilizer Effect slowly discharges in soil, can be effectively increased the soil organism, increase fertility of land, improvement soil texture, growth-accelerating soil microorganism, Improve crop root environment, fertilizer efficiency length and relatively stable, thus obtain certain promotion and application.
Combination argol powder is integrated with the excrement of various herbivores, omnivorous animal, and the excrement of plant-eating animal contains a large amount of support Point, heat is also larger, beneficial to fermentation;The excrement of the Omnivora animal not still important component of fertilizer, is alternatively arranged as adhesive.Respectively Kind excrement has to pass through fermentation and could be administered alone as fertilizer application, and fertility is not protruded, but is contained in these animal wastes Composition it is each variant, they are mixed, then fermentation process, just can as a kind of complete organic fertilizer of composition, Function is more complete, it is possible to provide multiple nutritional components, and can significantly improve soil texture.
Turf, sapropel, soya-bean cake fertilizer are the organic fertilizers of high-quality, containing a variety of nutrients, needed for can meeting plant growth A large amount of and trace mineral nutrient element demand.Wherein, organic matter and content of humic acid are high in turf, the content of organic matter up to 50~ 70%, humic acid content 20~40%, and be pure natural organic matter containing various elements such as abundant nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, manganese Matter, has the advantages that fertilizer efficiency length, pollution-free, nuisanceless, noresidue, and can improved soil, recover and improve the water holding of soil, row The ability of water, ventilation and fertilizer conservation, can promote the growth of underground root system, so that product quality is improved, up to cause more preferably economic benefit; Sapropel is rich in ease of solubility mineral nutrient element, simultaneously containing a large amount of trace mineral nutrient elements and organic matter, and containing a large amount of micro- Biology, can be effectively improved soil texture;Soya-bean cake fertilizer is rich in N P and K, contains a large amount of trace mineral nutrient elements, protein, fat Fat, amino acid etc., can improve soil property, beneficial to plant growth.
After various composition combination, it is ensured that the organic matter composite granulated fertilizer of the embodiment of the present invention is to npk nutrient and many The supply of trace element is planted, is applied after fermentation, organic fertilizer accelerated decomposition can be promoted, when can not only shorten fertilizer action Between, it is more beneficial for rich water and penetrates into soil, improves functioning efficiency, and be conducive to the breeding of microorganism, multiple element is provided to crop, Make plants grow better.Further, it is also possible to avoid the materials such as argol powder from directly applying the high temperature that after fermentation is produced, root system of burning. Therefore fertilizer efficiency plays fast, long action time, ecological, safety, can meet the demand of organic agriculture production.
In the embodiment of the present invention, as alternative embodiment, crop material includes:Maize straw, wheat stalk, paddy rice straw One kind or any combination in the stalks such as stalk, soybean stalk;
Combination argol powder includes:Three or more any combination in chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung, sheep manure, rabbit excrement, will be combined The dry rear levigate mixing of component that argol powder includes.
In the embodiment of the present invention, it is also easy to produce in order to avoid directly applying the organic matter composite granulated fertilizer comprising combination argol powder It is some to crop detrimental effect, and grow weeds, propagate disease pest technical problem, by each component in organic matter composite granulated fertilizer Stirring is abundant, well mixed, and film covering is sealed up for safekeeping in the pond built by laying bricks or stones, stacks more than 15 days and is done with that will include combination under normal temperature Organic matter composite granulated fertilizer including excrement powder carries out fermentation process, so that in subsequent applications, by by each component after fermentation It is made after grain and applies, it is possible to prevente effectively from grows weeds, propagating the phenomenon of disease pest, it is often more important that, when can shorten fertilizer action Between, fertilizer efficiency is faster played, long action time can more be avoided " burn seedlings ", meet the demand of organic agriculture production.By stacking fermentation Afterwards, seal off and take out, component after the fermentation of drying is sent into pulverizer and smashed by drying, and cross 60 mesh sieves, wherein, sieving can To prevent from occurring thick particle in the fermentation component smashed, this is due to crop material, turf, sapropel, soya-bean cake is fertile, dry After excrement mixing, during the fermentation, due to the effect of microorganism, in fact it could happen that fibrous matter conglomeration, hypha body etc., such as only Sieve, can cause the situation that some diversities clump together occur, so that the uniformity of fertilizer efficiency is influenceed, simultaneously as crop material, group Close and contain a large amount of fibers in argol powder, by fibrous matter by multiple crushing, and pass through 60 mesh sieves, fiber can be caused Material is thinner, beneficial to organic materials humification process and nutrients release, is more easy to be absorbed by crops utilization, meanwhile, the granulated fertilizer of crushing Degree of mixing preferably, can avoid being internally formed hole in soil plough horizon between soil, so as to be prevented effectively from succession crop hair The problems such as giving birth to the disconnected ridge that is short of seedling, take root difficulty.Finally, the component after sieving processing is humidified in granulator, bulky grain is made, and The bulky grain being made is packed, organic matter composite granulated fertilizer is obtained.Wherein, humidification is to be conducive to the dry powder of sieving Granulating is made to make, pack, deposit, transport and apply.
In the embodiment of the present invention, it is considered to the mineral nutrient constituent content in each component, wherein, mineral nutrient element is mainly examined Consider nitrogen (N) phosphorus (P) potassium (K), crop material contains mineral nutrient element N P and K in a large amount of npk nutrients, stalk (air dried basis) Average content is as follows:N is that 1.051%, P is that 0.141%, K is 1.482%, potassium therein be crop can utilize rapidly it is quick-acting Potassium;
Combine mineral nutrient element N P and K average content in argol powder (air dried basis) as follows:N is that 4.689%, P is 0.802%, K are 3.011%;
Mineral nutrient element N P and K average content is as follows in sapropel, i.e. sludge (air dried basis):N is that 0.239%, P is 0.247%, K are 1.620%;
Mineral nutrient element N P and K average content is as follows in soya-bean cake fertilizer (air dried basis):N is that 6.684%, P is 0.440%, K is 1.186%;
The N-P-K content total amount of mineral nutrient element is 3% or so in turf.
Consider the cost of each component, wherein, crop material is substantially free, and cost can be ignored;Argol powder is combined, for example, 1200 yuan/ton or so of sheep manure;3000 yuan/ton or so of soya-bean cake fertilizer;1000 yuan/ton or so of turf;More than 1500 yuan/ton of sludge.
In the embodiment of the present invention, based on the mineral nutrient member needed for mineral nutrient element content, crop in cost, each component Element amount and meet the optimization of amount of application needed for plant growth and consider, determine the upper of each component in organic matter composite granulated fertilizer State percentage by weight dry weight.If for example, crop material proportion is too high, nutrient content will be caused relatively low, it is necessary to needed for increasing Amount of application, causes cost of transportation to rise.
From above-mentioned, the organic matter composite granulated fertilizer of the embodiment of the present invention, crop material is with low cost, abundance Organic fertilizer, containing a large amount of mineral nutrient elements, can effective improved soil, strengthen soil fertility, improve carbon base in soil;Ox, sheep, rabbit with Careless class is food, and chicken, pig are based on grain class feed, and their excrement is traditional farm manure, after three kinds mixed above, is turned into A kind of complete compound organic fertilizer of composition, can avoid the single shortcoming of composite fertilizer's composition made from chemical method;Turf contains Various mineral nutrient element such as abundant nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, manganese, is pure natural organic substance, is a kind of sterile, nontoxic, nothing Public hazards, pollution-free, noresidue green matter;Sapropel contains a large amount of ease of solubility mineral nutrient elements, and containing a large amount of microorganisms, It can accelerate to ferment and improve soil texture;Soya-bean cake fertilizer contains a large amount of protein and amino acid, can activate nutrient, improves crop and supports Divide utilization ratio.So that the organic matter composite granulated fertilizer constituted according to said components percentage by weight dry weight, both can effectively drop Low organic agriculture cost, can ensure the mineral nutrient elements fed of plant growth again, so that on the basis of crop quality is ensured, Effectively lifting crop yield.
Several specific examples are named, the application of organic matter composite granulated fertilizer of the embodiment of the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment one:Plant organic three-coloured amaranth
Organic matter composite granulated fertilizer is applied, each component percentage by weight dry weight is:Crop material 42%, combination argol powder 35%th, turf 10%, sapropel 8%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 5%, amount of application are 350,000 grams/acre, are applied before three-coloured amaranth sowing as base fertilizer, i.e., Ditch spread before site preparation, applies 15 centimetres of depth.Control group uses organic three-coloured amaranth conventional fertilizer application mode, and every mu applies people of becoming thoroughly decomposed before site preparation 1500 kilograms of fecaluria makees base fertilizer, applies mode with organic matter composite granulated fertilizer.
In organic three-coloured amaranth growth course, the administration example of the embodiment of the present invention and the water and fertilizer management measure of control group are according to normal Rule plantation guidelines.Compared with control group, organic three-coloured amaranth average product increase by 8.1% of the embodiment of the present invention, underground part is fresh Increase by 3.5% again, chlorophyll content increases by 0.15, and the three-coloured amaranth index of quality such as soluble sugar, vitamin C, soluble protein has Improve, quality is able to effectively be lifted.
Embodiment two:Plant strawberry
Organic matter composite granulated fertilizer, each component percentage by weight dry ratio is:Crop material 50%, combination argol powder 30%th, turf 8%, sapropel 8%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 4%.Apply, 450,000 grams/acre of amount of application, applied with reference to site preparation deep ploughing as base manure Enter, apply 20 centimetres of depth, then rake is thin, and ridge culture furrow are beaten according to planting form.Control group uses strawberry conventional fertilizer application mode, mu 1500 kilograms of Chicken dung is applied, 50 kilograms of composite fertilizer applies as base manure, apply mode with organic matter composite granulated fertilizer.
In strawberry growth course, using example and the measure of control group water and fertilizer management according to general planting guidelines.With it is right Compared according to group, yield of strawberry increase by 6.5%, fruit sugar contents increase by 3.5%, powdery mildew, root rot are reduced.
Embodiment three:Plant organic millet (millet)
Organic matter composite granulated fertilizer, each component percentage by weight dry ratio is:Crop material 45%, combination argol powder 40%th, turf 6%, sapropel 4%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 5%.Applied as base manure, 500,000 grams/acre of amount of application, arable land is combined prior to seeding Once apply, apply 25 centimetres of depth;Topdressed once before earing after jointing, 200,000 grams/acre of sowing amount, ditch spread applies depth 20 centimetres.Control group use organic millet conventional fertilizer application mode, sowing before combine arable land once apply become thoroughly decomposed 1500 kilograms of muck/ 500,000 grams/acre of the muck that becomes thoroughly decomposed is applied before earing after mu, jointing, mode is applied with organic matter composite granulated fertilizer.Setaria Italica In, using example and the measure of control group water and fertilizer management according to general planting guidelines.Compared with control group, organic millet yield Increase by 10~15%, broken rice rate declines 5.2%, and produced organic millet smell delicate fragrance, grain of rice good luster, improves organic millet Quality.
Example IV:Plant Japanese plum
Organic matter composite granulated fertilizer, each component percentage by weight dry ratio is:Crop material 52%, combination argol powder 30%th, turf 10%, sapropel 5%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 3%.Before Japanese plum of growing up 9-10 months fallen leaves, strip ditch spread, in tree crown upright projection Outer rim, with the equidirectional digging strip groove of tree row.20-40 centimetres of furrow width, 40-50 centimetres of ditch depth.During fertilising, first organic matter is combined Granular fertilizer is backfilled in ditch after being mixed with soil, is not applied fertilizer in soil of 10 centimetres away from earth's surface, 500,000 grams/acre of sowing amount.Before germination (next year is by the end of February) topdresses once, radiates ditch spread, using tree crown upright projection outer rim as the center of ditch length, using tree trunk as axle, every plant of tree 4-6 bar ditch are dug in radiation, ditch is long 60-80 centimetres;Furrow width is wedge shaped, inner narrow outer width, inner wide 20 centimetres, 40 centimetres of outer width;Ditch Bottom is in slope, inner shallow outer depth, inner deep 20-30 centimetres, outer deep 40-50 centimetres, 300,000 grams/acre of amount of application.The control group 9-10 months Become thoroughly decomposed 2000~3000 kilograms of people and animals' liquid dung, 60 kilograms of calcium superphosphate are applied before fallen leaves;(next year is by the end of February) applies dung polluted water before germination 1500 kilograms of water.Using example and control group water and fertilizer management measure, two groups of all sames, according to general planting guidelines.With it is right Photograph ratio, plum yield increase by 15%, sugar content of fruit increase by 3.2%, color and luster, local flavor are improved.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.It is all Within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement for being made etc. should be included in the guarantor of the present invention Within the scope of shield.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of organic matter composite granulated fertilizer, it is characterised in that the organic matter composite granulated fertilizer includes following component:Crop straw Stalk, combination argol powder, turf, soya-bean cake fertilizer and sapropel, wherein,
The dry weight percentage by weight of each component is respectively:Crop material 40~55%, combination argol powder 20~40%, turf 5~ 10%th, sapropel 3~8%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 2~5%;
The each component mixed by dry weight percentage by weight is well mixed, and film covering is sealed up for safekeeping in the pond built by laying bricks or stones, under normal temperature Stack more than 15 days, after stacking fermentation, seal off and take out, the fermentation component of drying is sent into pulverizer and smashed by drying, And 60 mesh sieves are crossed, the fermentation component after the processing of 60 mesh sieves was humidified in granulator, bulky grain is made, and by the bulky grain being made Packed, obtain organic matter composite granulated fertilizer.
2. organic matter composite granulated fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the crop material includes:Maize straw, Wheat stalk, rice straw and soybean stalk.
3. organic matter composite granulated fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the combination argol powder includes:Chicken manure, pig Three or more any combination in excrement, cow dung, sheep manure, rabbit excrement, will combine the dry rear levigate mixing of component that argol powder includes.
4. organic matter composite granulated fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the percentage by weight dry weight of each component Respectively:Crop material 42%, combination argol powder 35%, turf 10%, sapropel 8%, soya-bean cake fertilizer 5%, for planting organic amaranth Dish, amount of application is 350,000 grams/acre, is applied before three-coloured amaranth sowing as base fertilizer ditch spread, applies 15 centimetres of depth.
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CN1359878A (en) * 2000-12-21 2002-07-24 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Refined organic fertilizer
CN1217883C (en) * 2003-07-22 2005-09-07 邹应杰 Pure organic fertilizer
CN102219570B (en) * 2011-05-09 2012-12-26 成都市泰兴生态农业有限公司 Bio-organic fertilizer produced by using livestock manure
CN102775207B (en) * 2012-08-17 2014-04-16 长春华御实业集团有限公司 Chicken manure/pig manure mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103539491A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-29 黄永生 Preparation method of organic composite fertilizer

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