CN104446676B - Method for preparing amino acid water-soluble fertilizer from mushroom residue extract - Google Patents

Method for preparing amino acid water-soluble fertilizer from mushroom residue extract Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104446676B
CN104446676B CN201410819581.1A CN201410819581A CN104446676B CN 104446676 B CN104446676 B CN 104446676B CN 201410819581 A CN201410819581 A CN 201410819581A CN 104446676 B CN104446676 B CN 104446676B
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mushroom bran
soluble fertilizer
extract
water
fertilizer
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CN104446676A (en
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姜性坚
吴芳
王春晖
彭运祥
黄晓辉
徐宁
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Chun Hua bio tech ltd, Hunan Province
Hunan Research Institute Of Edible Fungi
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Chun Hua Bio Tech Ltd Hunan Province
HUNAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF EDIBLE FUNGI
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C11/00Other nitrogenous fertilisers

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for preparing amino acid water-soluble fertilizer from a mushroom residue extract. The method comprises the steps: carrying out mushroom residue fermentation, water-soluble substance extraction, extract concentration and the like, carrying out hot-water soaking and microwave treatment to extract water-soluble amino acids and other effective nutrients in mushroom residues, and preparing the amino acid water-soluble fertilizer. A specific technique is adopted to extract effective components in the mushroom residues to prepare the amino acid water-soluble fertilizer, so that the mushroom residues are effectively utilized, thereby solving the problems of low utilization level and severe waste. The high-content proteins in the mushroom residues and stipes are fully utilized and extracted by the specific technique to be used as main raw materials of the amino acid water-soluble fertilizer, thereby providing a novel fertilizer, which obviously enhances the crop yield, improves the quality, lowers the pesticide residue and protects the ecological environment, for efficient ecological and organic agriculture. The preparation method is simple and low in cost, and can easily implement popularization and application. The prepared water-soluble fertilizer can satisfy the plant growth and fertilizer application requirements in multiple aspects.

Description

A kind of method that mushroom bran extract prepares aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer
Technical field
The invention belongs to mushroom bran efficient circulation utilization and prepare the technical field of aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, extract particularly to mushroom bran Technique.
Background technology
Water-soluble fertilizer refers to completely soluble multielement compound fertilizer, is started in late nineteen nineties in last century Phase, being developed at the beginning of 21 century, in recent years, water-soluble fertilizer industry development paces greatly speed up.Compared with traditional compound fertilizer etc., water Molten fertilizer has obvious advantage.It is few that it is mainly characterized by consumption, easy to use, and use cost is low, and Crop is fast, and nutrition becomes Divide utilization rate high.Water soluble fertilizer is a kind of quick action fertilizer, can be dissolved completely in water, can be by the root system of crop and leaf Face directly absorbs, and uses liquid manure with executing, and fertile with water band, its effective absorbance exceeds common fertilizer more than one times;And it is fertile Effect is fast, it is possible to resolve the nutritional need of high-yield crop fast growing period.The rise of organic water-soluble fertilizer at present, facilitates again quick-acting and long Effect, single-action and the combination of multiple-effect, started the new trend of Water soluble fertilizer technological innovation.For Zong He, the development of Water soluble fertilizer is The requirement applied fertilizers scientifically, is the requirement of facility fertilising.In recent years, aminoacid is as small molecule organic material, in plant absorption profit With and biological effect on research get more and more, be also proved plant and can directly absorb the aminoacid of molecular state, and amino Acid can promote growth and development of plants, strengthen resistance, improves soil regime, improves crop yield and improving quality, moreover it is possible to rises Poisoning to alleviating plant heavy metal ion, passivation pathogen toxin etc. acts on, and has good economy and ecological effect.Therefore, The research of amino acid fertilizer and application, be the important directions of current Fertilizer development, and aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer combine aminoacid and Water solublity two major features, is fabulous application.
After edible mushroom collection, remaining planting material is referred to as mushroom bran, and compared with original compost, the nutriture value of mushroom bran is worth To significantly improving, crude fiber content is greatly lowered, and crude protein content then significantly improves, and rich in various trace elements.With The quickening of Edible Fungi Industry Development, China's edible fungi annual production reaches 1.73 × 108~1.83 × 108Ton, at the forefront in the world, press Biological efficiency 40% and culture medium of edible fungus loss of weight 50% calculate, and mushroom bran year output is 2 × 108More than Dun.These nutrition Abundant mushroom bran, in addition to small part is recycling as culture medium of edible fungus, is often dropped or burns, and not only causes resource wave Take, while also result in growing of mycete and insect, pollute environment.At present, the recycling of edible fungus bran is by extensively Pay close attention to, develop into prepare the new application such as activated carbon from as base fertilizer to agricultural crops, the most lower 10 kinds of the utilization ways reported, but greatly The research of most purposes is the most deep, is not widely popularized in production practices.The mushroom bran extract after becoming thoroughly decomposed is used to prepare Organic water-soluble fertilizer, is further to study on the basis of utilizing mushroom bran to produce fertilizer, it is possible to utilize mushroom bran more efficiently Nutrient substance, and aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer is also a kind of highly effective and safe fertilizer of market development, mushroom bran is also that amino acid whose production comes Source provides good resource, and is no longer limited to leather, this kind of raw material of hair.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of by hot-water soak and microwave treatment, extract water soluble amino in mushroom bran The method that acid and other effective nutritional labelings prepare aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer.
The present invention realizes the technical scheme of above-mentioned purpose:
A kind of method that mushroom bran extract prepares aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, comprises the steps:
(1) mushroom bran fermentation: during fermentation, builds heap mushroom bran moisture requirement at 45-55%, and temperature reaches 60 DEG C and carries out turning over for the first time Heap, then interval within 2-3 days, carry out a turning, period fermentation the initial stage (i.e. from building heap to heap temperature rise to 60 DEG C during this period of time, Shi Changyue 2-3 days), mid-term (i.e. heap temperature is maintained at the megathermal period of more than 60 DEG C, time be about 3-6 days) and later stage, (heap temperature drop was low To 60 DEG C with down to fermenting-ripening, time be about 9-12 days) each add a microbial bacterial agent, increase ferment effect and biological bacteria Amount, to promote the decomposition of fertilizer efficiency composition, obtains, after mushroom bran fermentation, mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed, and total duration that ferments is about 15-18 days;
(2) hydrotrope extracts: mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed is soaked in water after 3-4 hour, isolates immersion, takes filtering residue with same sample prescription Method and time soak once again, collect after filtrate merges and carry out centrifugation;
(3) extract concentrates: takes the supernatant after being centrifuged and carries out vacuum-concentrcted, makes amino acid concentration reach 100g/L Above, aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer is i.e. obtained.
Further, described immersion, it was stirred at interval of 10-20 minute, and carries out microwave treatment 3-5min after agitation, The temperature of described immersion water is 70-90 DEG C.
Further, described in become thoroughly decomposed mushroom bran soak before first dry and pulverize, obtain the mushroom bran powder that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
Further, described microbial bacterial agent is complex micro organism fungicide, and described complex micro organism fungicide is conciliate containing actinomycetes Phosphorus potassium bacterium.
Beneficial effects of the present invention
1, the present invention uses special process to extract effective ingredient in mushroom bran, is prepared as aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, makes mushroom bran obtain Efficiently utilize, solve it and utilize that level is low, waste serious problem.
2, the present invention makes full use of high protein (i.e. aminoacid) content of mushroom bran and stem, extracts conduct by special process The primary raw material of aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, provides one significantly improve crop yield, improvement product for efficient ecological, organic agriculture Matter, reduction pesticide residues and the new-type fertilizer preserved the ecological environment.
3, preparation method of the present invention is simply efficient, and low cost, and application easy to spread, prepared Water soluble fertilizer has nutrition Abundant, component content height, collect quick-acting and long-acting, single-action and multiple-effect, in one, use the features such as convenient, it is possible to many-sided satisfied work Thing growth and fertilising requirement, as the punching of topdressing of facility fertilizer irrigation, foliage-spray, base fertilizer is executed and all can be used.
4, become thoroughly decomposed used by the present invention mushroom bran, than the physicochemical property containing a large amount of mycelial fresh mushroom brans and component content more Stable, water-soluble material is easier to plant absorption.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further details, but the present invention is not limited to this.
Embodiment 1
A kind of method that mushroom bran extract prepares aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, comprises the steps:
(1) mushroom bran fermentation: during fermentation, builds heap mushroom bran moisture requirement about 50%, and temperature reaches 60 DEG C and carries out turning over for the first time Heap, interval carries out a turning for 2 days afterwards, and period respectively adds once rich in actinomycetes, phosphorus decomposing in fermentation for the 1st day, the 3rd and 8 day The complex micro organism fungicide of potassium bacterium etc., increases ferment effect and biological bacteria amount, and to promote the decomposition of fertilizer efficiency composition, mushroom bran is sent out Mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed is obtained after ferment;
(2) hydrotrope extracts: dries and pulverizes to become thoroughly decomposed mushroom bran powder by above-mentioned mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed, be then soaked in water After 3 hours, isolate immersion, take filtering residue and soak again once with suitable quantity of water same method and time, when mushroom bran is soaked, twice process The temperature of water all remains 75 DEG C, is stirred at interval of 12 minutes, and carries out microwave treatment 3min after agitation, receives after process Collection filtrate merging carries out centrifugation;
(3) extract concentrates: takes the supernatant after being centrifuged and carries out vacuum-concentrcted, makes amino acid concentration reach 100g/L Above, it is prepared as satisfactory aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method that mushroom bran extract prepares aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, comprises the steps:
(1) mushroom bran fermentation: when heap is built in fermentation, mushroom bran moisture requirement is about 45%, temperature reaches 60 DEG C and carries out turning over for the first time Heap, interval carries out a turning for 3 days afterwards, and period respectively adds once rich in actinomycetes, phosphorus decomposing in fermentation for the 1st day, the 4th and 9 day The complex micro organism fungicide of potassium bacterium etc., increases ferment effect and biological bacteria amount, and to promote the decomposition of fertilizer efficiency composition, mushroom bran is sent out Mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed is obtained after ferment;
(2) hydrotrope extraction process: above-mentioned mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed is dried and pulverize to become thoroughly decomposed mushroom bran powder, is then soaked in In hot water after 4 hours, isolate immersion, take filtering residue and soak again once with suitable quantity of water same method and time, when mushroom bran is soaked, two The temperature of secondary process water all remains 85 DEG C, is stirred at interval of 20 minutes, and carries out microwave treatment 5min after agitation, place Collect filtrate merging after reason and carry out centrifugation;
(4) extract concentrates: takes the supernatant after being centrifuged and carries out vacuum-concentrcted, makes amino acid concentration reach 100g/L Above, it is prepared as satisfactory aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer.
Embodiment 3
A kind of method that mushroom bran extract prepares aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, comprises the steps:
(1) mushroom bran fermentation: during fermentation, builds heap mushroom bran moisture requirement about 55%, and temperature reaches 60 DEG C and carries out turning over for the first time Heap, interval carries out a turning for 2 days afterwards, and period respectively adds once rich in actinomycetes, phosphorus decomposing in fermentation for the 2nd day, the 4th and 9 day The complex micro organism fungicide of potassium bacterium etc., increases ferment effect and biological bacteria amount, and to promote the decomposition of fertilizer efficiency composition, mushroom bran is sent out Mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed is obtained after ferment;
(2) hydrotrope extracts: dries and pulverizes to become thoroughly decomposed mushroom bran powder by above-mentioned mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed, be then soaked in water After 3 hours, isolate immersion, take filtering residue and soak again once with suitable quantity of water same method and time, when mushroom bran is soaked, twice process The temperature of water all remains 70 DEG C, is stirred at interval of 10 minutes, and carries out microwave treatment 4min after agitation, receives after process Collection filtrate merging carries out centrifugation;
(3) extract concentrates: takes the supernatant after being centrifuged and carries out vacuum-concentrcted, makes amino acid concentration reach 100g/L Above, it is prepared as satisfactory aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer.
Embodiment 4
A kind of method that mushroom bran extract prepares aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, comprises the steps:
(1) mushroom bran fermentation: during fermentation, builds heap mushroom bran moisture requirement about 50%, and temperature reaches 60 DEG C and carries out turning over for the first time Heap, interval carries out a turning for 3 days afterwards, and period respectively adds once rich in actinomycetes, phosphorus decomposing in fermentation for the 2nd day, the 4th and 10 day The complex micro organism fungicide of potassium bacterium etc., increases ferment effect and biological bacteria amount, and to promote the decomposition of fertilizer efficiency composition, mushroom bran is sent out Mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed is obtained after ferment;
(2) hydrotrope extracts: dries and pulverizes to become thoroughly decomposed mushroom bran powder by above-mentioned mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed, be then soaked in water After 4 hours, isolate immersion, take filtering residue and soak again once with suitable quantity of water same method and time, when mushroom bran is soaked, twice process The temperature of water all remains 90 DEG C, is stirred at interval of 15 minutes, and carries out microwave treatment 5min after agitation, receives after process Collection filtrate merging carries out centrifugation;
(3) extract concentrates: takes the supernatant after being centrifuged and carries out vacuum-concentrcted, makes amino acid concentration reach 100g/ More than L, is prepared as satisfactory aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer.

Claims (3)

1. the method that a mushroom bran extract prepares aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) mushroom bran fermentation: during fermentation, builds heap mushroom bran moisture requirement at 45-55%, and temperature reaches 60 DEG C and carries out turning for the first time, so Rear interval carries out a turning for 2-3 days, and period respectively adds a microbial bacterial agent in fermentation initial stage, mid-term and later stage, and mushroom bran is sent out Mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed is obtained after ferment;
(2) hydrotrope extract: mushroom bran of becoming thoroughly decomposed is soaked in water after 3-4 hour, isolates immersion, take filtering residue in kind with Time soaks once again, collects after filtrate merges and carries out centrifugation;
(3) extract concentrates: take centrifugal after supernatant carry out vacuum-concentrcted, make amino acid concentration reach 100g/L with On, i.e. obtain aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer;
Described immersion, was stirred at interval of 10-20 minute, and carried out microwave treatment 3-5min after agitation, described immersion water Temperature be 70-90 DEG C.
The method that mushroom bran extract the most according to claim 1 prepares aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, it is characterised in that become thoroughly decomposed described in: Mushroom bran is first dried and is pulverized before soaking, and obtains the mushroom bran powder that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
The method that mushroom bran extract the most according to claim 1 and 2 prepares aminoacid Water soluble fertilizer, it is characterised in that: described Microbial bacterial agent is complex micro organism fungicide, and described complex micro organism fungicide contains actinomycetes and phosphorus decomposing potassium bacterium.
CN201410819581.1A 2014-12-24 2014-12-24 Method for preparing amino acid water-soluble fertilizer from mushroom residue extract Active CN104446676B (en)

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CN104909855B (en) * 2015-07-05 2018-03-30 阿勒泰戈宝茶股份有限公司 Improve the method and its fertilizer special for organic and production method on bluish dogbane planting ground
CN105237200B (en) * 2015-10-14 2018-10-23 武汉瑞泽园生物环保科技股份有限公司 The amino acid foliage fertilizer and preparation method thereof produced as major ingredient using edible fungi residues
CN108821825A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-11-16 辽宁省农业科学院 A method of agricultural biological preparation is prepared using edible fungus bran

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CN1830917B (en) * 2006-03-15 2011-06-15 郭云征 Method. for preparing quick-acting compound organic fertilizer
CN103992191B (en) * 2014-06-04 2016-01-27 山东富国生物科技有限公司 A kind of complex biological bacterial manure
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Inventor after: Jiang Xingjian

Inventor after: Wu Fang

Inventor after: Wang Chunhui

Inventor after: Peng Yunxiang

Inventor after: Huang Xiaohui

Inventor after: Xu Ning

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Address after: 410013 No. 107 Shuang Tong Road, Changsha, Hunan, Yuelu District

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Address before: 410013 No. 107 Shuang Tong Road, Changsha, Hunan, Yuelu District

Applicant before: Chun Hua bio tech ltd, Hunan Province

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