CN104446658B - A kind of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN104446658B
CN104446658B CN201410701086.0A CN201410701086A CN104446658B CN 104446658 B CN104446658 B CN 104446658B CN 201410701086 A CN201410701086 A CN 201410701086A CN 104446658 B CN104446658 B CN 104446658B
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jade
glaze
porcelain
antique
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CN104446658A (en
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冯艳琴
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Henan Hong you Culture & Art Co., Ltd.
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冯艳琴
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Abstract

A kind of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique and preparation method thereof, making step is: take kaolin respectively as blank;Take glaze and include that bone ash, as enamel frit makeing raw material, is calcined to 1250 DEG C in kiln and purchases by melilite 5% 15%, white feldspar 40% 60%, calcite 10% 23%, jade powder 3% 10%, bone ash 1% 8%, quartz 5% 15%, plant ash 2% 7%;The glaze raw material chosen is crushed to 40 mesh respectively, and jade grinds in fine powdered;Your enamel with sky blue jade texture modelled after an antique is fully combined by the present invention with carcass, traditional burning process is used to burn out the translucent general blue color states of the milkiness as jade, color and luster is simple and elegant, elegant, serious, generous, thus produce a kind of brand-new visual impact and artistic effect, traditionally innovate, make the breakthrough of innovation in your solid existing tradition.Enrich your culture of porcelain intension, improve your artistry of porcelain products, added value, occupation rate of market and impulsive force.

Description

A kind of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to pottery manufacture field, be specifically related to a kind of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique and preparation method.
Background technology
China is the most just famous in generation with ceramic process, since 17th century, and highly developed due to ceramics, make " Chinese " word becomes the substitute (original meaning of CHINA China is exactly porcelain in English) of porcelain in the world.
One of your Ci Shi China Song dynasty five your name's porcelain, gains the name because being located in Ruzhou.Its glaze colours is " blue or green such as sky, face such as beautiful, cicada's wings Line, stars at dawn are dilute " the typical characteristic that meets of sesame support pin glaze and the texture of " surpassing jade like beautiful non-jade " and famous, it is plain that " you porcelain are Chief " good reputation.
According to historical records, why your porcelain is kuan yao procelain by imperial palace during the Song dynasty, not only has benefited from exquisite workmanship, culture Intension is abundant, and it is fired means and also innovates, and the technique that the full glaze of support pin props up burning is the invention in your porcelain developing history, in the face of working as moderns Aesthetic standards tend to diversification, consumer demand is increasing, the fast development that the epoch are progressive, and you also need to more in porcelain development Improve Efficiency in moulding and glaze colours further, makes your culture of porcelain more comprehensively develop.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of color and luster cold indigo plant simple and elegant, blue or green, milkiness the beautifulst translucent beautiful matter Your porcelain, and disclose its preparation method.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique, the raw material of preparing of described idiosome is kaolin, it is characterised in that: by weight Percentages, affiliated glaze raw material include melilite 5%-15%, white feldspar 40%-60%, calcite 10%-23%, jade powder 3%-10%, Bone ash 1%-8%, quartz 5%-15%, plant ash 2%-7%.
Glaze raw material of the present invention includes melilite 5%-10%, white feldspar 45%-60%, calcite 10%-21%, jade powder 3%-8%, bone ash 1%-5%, quartz 5%-13%, plant ash 2%-6%.
The composition that kaolin of the present invention comprises is dioxide-containing silica 65%-73%, alundum (Al2O3) content 18%- 25%, calcium oxide content 0.3%-0.6%, content of magnesia 0.3%-0.4%, potassium oxide content 4.5%-5.5%, sodium oxide content 0.45%-0.6%, and ferric oxide content < 1%, content of titanium dioxide < 0.35%.
The preparation method of a kind of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique, comprises the following steps:
(1) choose kaolin as blank, base raw material is put into ball mill, adds billet weight by weight percentage The water of 35%-45% and the buck agent of 0.3%-0.5%, wet-milling 8-12 hour, cross 120 mesh sieves after wearing into mud, after removing the iron that swims Take out, standby;
(2) mud of step 1 is made blank by moulding, carry out after blank is half-dried repairing, bonding, engraving etc. makes life Base;
(3) enter kiln biscuiting 4-6 hour at 800 DEG C-900 DEG C, kiln discharge after cooling after being dried by green compact, obtain plain tire.
(4) take jade to grind jade in fine powdered, after bone is fired to 1250 DEG C of high temperature, respectively by glaze needed for other Raw meal is broken to 40 mesh, standby;
(5) the glaze raw material percentage by weight step 4 made takes melilite 5%-15%, white feldspar 40%-60%, calcite 10%-23%, jade powder 3%-10%, bone ash 1%-8%, quartz 5%-15%, the compound of plant ash 2%-7% load ball mill, add The water of mixed material weight 45%-55% carries out wet-milling 12-24 hour, removes the iron that swims in glaze slip with bar magnet after wet-milling, with Time cross and take out after 120 mesh sieves, standby;
(6), after attached for the element tire dust depositing surface being removed totally, it is soaked in the glaze slip that step 5 prepares, is waited its table The glaze thickness of face attachment takes out after reaching 0.2-0.4mm, the bubble on finishing element enamel germ surface glaze layer and uneven part.
(7) biscuit trimming glaze layer is put into kiln, oxidizing atmosphere is gradually heated up to 1050 ° of C, do according to base substrate Wet extent control programming rate, it is 2-3 hour that 300 ° of C are warming up to 600 ° of C times, and the time being warming up to 900 ° of C from 600 ° of C is 1.5 hours, the time being warming up to 1040-1050 ° of C from 900 ° of C was 2 hours, reduces intake, make kiln after being warmed up to 1050 ° of C Inside it is transformed into strongly reducing atmosphere surely fire 20-30 minute, and is incubated 10-50 minute again after being gradually heating to 1235-1250 ° of C, the time It is 7 hours, ceases fire;Naturally after cooling;The most this sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique completes.
The invention have the advantages that: the present invention will have your enamel of milkiness sense and translucent beautiful texture with beautiful Texture carcass combines, and uses this skill to fire and makes it present as jade blue or green blueing look translucent, color and luster is gentle, simple and elegant, Elegant, simple and easy, thus produce a kind of brand-new visual impact and artistic effect, innovate in tradition, make your solid existing biography System innovation breakthrough, enriches your culture of porcelain intension, improve your artistry of porcelain products, added value, occupation rate of market and Impulsive force.The sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique of the present invention is with gentle simple and elegant color and luster, texture such as beautiful speciality, simple and easy glaze Look is combined with moulding, obtains multidigit expert certainly, enjoys hobby and the evaluation of consumer, appreciate and collect.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further simply analysed below in conjunction with specific embodiment.Involved method step in following embodiment, as Without special instruction, it is convenient source or commercially available.
Embodiment 1
A kind of system of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain kettle modelled after an antique (bore 5cm, high 6.5cm, foot diameter 5cm pot body diameter 9cm) Preparation Method.
(1) choosing kaolin to configure as blank, composition dioxide-containing silica 65%-73% therein, alundum (Al2O3) contains Amount 18%-25%, calcium oxide content 0.3%-0.55%, content of magnesia 0.25%-0.45%, potassium oxide content 4.5%-5.5%, oxidation Sodium content 0.45%-0.6%, and ferric oxide content < 1%, content of titanium dioxide < 0.3%.Enter ball milling after Po Sui, remove After iron through consider mud, old, slip casting or pull base shaping, refine, engraving, bonding for green compact.
(2) enter kiln biscuiting 5 hours under 800 ° of C-900 ° of C after being dried by green compact, after cooling, obtain plain embryo.
(3) jade is ground to form jade powder, become fine powdered, configure standby;It is melilite by the raw material proportioning configured 5%, white feldspar 56%, calcite 20%, jade powder 6%, bone ash 5%, quartz 5%, the mixing of plant ash 3%
Material loads ball mill, and the water adding mixed material weight 50% carries out wet-milling 20 hours, removes with bar magnet after wet-milling The iron that swims in glaze slip, takes out after crossing 150 mesh sieves simultaneously, standby;
(4), by after attached for the element tire dust removing totally depositing surface, it is soaked in glaze slip, is waited the glaze of its surface attachment Material thickness takes out after reaching 0.3mm, the bubble on finishing element enamel germ surface glaze layer and uneven part.
(5) biscuit trimming glaze layer being put into kiln, kiln ventilates and is gradually heating to 1050 DEG C by oxidizing atmosphere; The time being wherein warming up to 300 DEG C is 50 minutes, is 2 hours from 300 DEG C of times being warming up to 600 DEG C, is warming up to from 900 DEG C The time of 1050 DEG C is 2 hours;Reduce intake, make kiln atmosphere be converted into strongly reducing atmosphere, steady fire 20-30 minute, then Gradually it is to slowly warm up to 1250 DEG C, then is incubated 10 minutes, cease fire;Naturally cooling;A kind of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique has made Become.
Embodiment 2
The preparation method of a kind of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru china bowl modelled after an antique (diameter 13cm, high 6cm, foot diameter 6 cm) and reality Example 1 is essentially identical, and difference is:
1. prepared by glaze: takes cryptocrystalline jade, bone ash and calcines 7 hours at 1250-1280 DEG C, then is broken into suitable ball milling Particle standby;And take above melilite to the utmost, white feldspar, calcite, jade, bone ash, quartz, plant ash respectively, then press Glaze proportioning (melilite 10%, white feldspar 45%, calcite 18%, jade 8%;Bone ash 5%, plant ash 4%) carry out dispensing, after mixing Enter ball milling, after crossing 150 mesh sieves, remove iron, glazing on above-mentioned element tire.
2. burn till: after element tire glazing, enter kiln, at 300 DEG C-600 DEG C, carry out oxidation 2 hours (period at the uniform velocity heats up) of evaporation, Carrying out at inferior to 600-1000 DEG C aoxidizing 3 hours (at the uniform velocity heating up), reduce by force 30 minutes at 1040 DEG C, steady fire does not heats up, It is warming up to about 1235 DEG C again and is incubated 50 minutes, after naturally cooling down.
3. green compact are made as mechanical pressing
Embodiment 3
The preparation method of a kind of sky blue Jade-like Ru porcelain vase modelled after an antique (foot diameter 20cm, high 36cm): basic with embodiment 1 Identical, difference is:
1. take jade to calcine 6 hours at 1250-1300 DEG C, then the particle being broken into suitable ball milling is standby, separately takes bone ash Roasting 5 hours at 850-950 DEG C, then the particle being broken into suitable ball milling is standby, and take melilite, white feldspar, Fang Xie respectively Stone, jade, bone ash, quartz, plant ash, then press glaze proportioning (melilite 15%, white feldspar 40%, calcite 21%, jade 3%, bone Ash 2%;Quartz 13%, plant ash 6%) carry out dispensing, enter ball milling after mixing, after crossing 150 mesh sieves, remove iron, on above-mentioned element tire Glazing.
2. burn till: after element tire glazing, enter kiln, at 300 DEG C-600 DEG C, carry out oxidation 3 hours (period at the uniform velocity heats up) of evaporation, Carry out at inferior to 600-1050 DEG C aoxidizing 3.5 hours (at the uniform velocity heating up), at 1000 DEG C, carry out weak reduction 1 hour (at the uniform velocity heating up), Strong reductase 12 0 minute (at the uniform velocity heating up) at 1050 DEG C, then it is warming up to about 1250 DEG C insulations 15 minutes, after naturally cooling down.
3. green compact are prepared as pulling base shaping.
Change each the concrete parameter in above-described embodiment, multiple specific embodiment can be formed, be the present invention's Common excursion, describes in detail the most one by one at this.

Claims (3)

1. a sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique, the raw material of preparing of base substrate is kaolin, it is characterised in that: by weight percentage Meter, glaze raw material is by melilite 5%-15%, white feldspar 40%-60%, calcite 10%-23%, jade powder 3%-10%, bone ash 1%-8%, stone English 5%-15%, plant ash 2%-7% form;
The preparation method of sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain a kind of modelled after an antique described on it is:
Comprise the following steps:
(1) choose kaolin as blank, base raw material is put into ball mill, adds billet weight 35%-by weight percentage The water of 45% and the water reducer of 0.3%-0.5%, wet-milling 8-12 hour, cross 120 mesh sieves after wearing into mud, take after removing the iron that swims Go out, standby;
(2) mud of step 1 is made blank by moulding, carry out after blank is half-dried repairing, bonding, engraving etc. makes green compact;
(3) enter kiln biscuiting 4-6 hour at 800 DEG C-900 DEG C, kiln discharge after cooling after being dried by green compact, obtain plain tire;
(4) take jade and jade is ground to form fine powdered, after being fired to 1250 DEG C of high temperature, respectively glaze raw material needed for other is pulverized To 40 mesh, standby;
(5) the glaze raw material percentage by weight step 4 made takes melilite 5%-15%, white feldspar 40%-60%, calcite 10%- 23%, jade powder 3%-10%, bone ash 1%-8%, quartz 5%-15%, the compound of plant ash 2%-7% load ball mill, add mixing The water of weight of material 45%-55% carries out wet-milling 12-24 hour, removes the iron that swims in glaze slip, mistake simultaneously with bar magnet after wet-milling Take out after 120 mesh sieves, standby;
(6), after attached for the element tire dust depositing surface being removed totally, it is soaked in the glaze slip that step 5 prepares, waits its surface attached The glaze thickness takes out after reaching 0.2-0.4mm, the bubble on finishing element glazed body surface glaze layer and uneven part;
(7) biscuit trimming glaze layer is put into kiln, oxidizing atmosphere is gradually heated up to 1050 ° of C, according to base substrate dry and wet journey Degree controls programming rate, and it is 2-3 hour that 300 ° of C are warming up to 600 ° of C times, and it is 1.5 little for being warming up to time of 900 ° of C from 600 ° of C Time, the time being warming up to 1040-1050 ° of C from 900 ° of C is 2 hours, reduces intake after being warmed up to 1050 ° of C, turns in making kiln Becoming strongly reducing atmosphere surely fire 20-30 minute, and be incubated 10-50 minute again after being gradually heating to 1235-1250 ° of C, the time is 7 Hour, cease fire;Naturally after cooling;The most this sky blue glaze Jade-like Ru porcelain modelled after an antique completes.
One the most according to claim 1 sky blue glaze modelled after an antique Jade-like Ru porcelain, it is characterised in that: described glaze raw material is long by Huang Stone 5%-10%, white feldspar 45%-60%, calcite 10%-21%, jade powder 3%-8%, bone ash 1%-5%, quartz 5%-13%, plant ash 2%-6% forms.
One the most according to claim 1 sky blue glaze modelled after an antique Jade-like Ru porcelain, it is characterised in that: described kaolin comprises Composition is dioxide-containing silica 65%-73%, and alundum (Al2O3) content 18%-25%, calcium oxide content 0.3%-0.6%, magnesia contains Amount 0.3%-0.4%, potassium oxide content 4.5%-5.5%, sodium oxide content 0.45%-0.6%, and ferric oxide content < 1%, two Titanium oxide content < 0.35%.
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CN105367040B (en) * 2015-12-11 2018-12-07 李晓涓 The dedicated porcelain mud of your the porcelain colour of skin and method for cooking
CN107056053A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-18 禹州市神器钧窑有限公司 A kind of pottery jade glaze
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CN109020213A (en) * 2018-09-21 2018-12-18 王晟鸣 A kind of your porcelain sky blue glaze and preparation method thereof, your porcelain
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Effective date of registration: 20170628

Address after: Ruzhou porcelain industry in Pingdingshan city in Henan province 467500 area

Patentee after: Henan Hong you Culture & Art Co., Ltd.

Address before: Ruzhou City, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, 467500 riding Ling Fan Ji village 5 groups

Patentee before: Feng Yanqin

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