CN104445831A - Household type rural domestic wastewater treatment and recycling integrated system - Google Patents

Household type rural domestic wastewater treatment and recycling integrated system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104445831A
CN104445831A CN201410786169.4A CN201410786169A CN104445831A CN 104445831 A CN104445831 A CN 104445831A CN 201410786169 A CN201410786169 A CN 201410786169A CN 104445831 A CN104445831 A CN 104445831A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hydrolysis acidification
acidification pool
water
settling tank
ecological filter
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Application number
CN201410786169.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104445831B (en
Inventor
艾海男
李鹏
李莉
梁建军
古励
何强
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重庆大学
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Priority to CN201410786169.4A priority Critical patent/CN104445831B/en
Publication of CN104445831A publication Critical patent/CN104445831A/en
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Publication of CN104445831B publication Critical patent/CN104445831B/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/28Anaerobic digestion processes

Abstract

The invention discloses a household type rural domestic wastewater treatment and recycling integrated system. The household type rural domestic wastewater treatment and recycling integrated system comprises a hydrolysis acidification pool (1), a sedimentation tank (2), an ecological filtering basin (3) and a water collecting tank (4), wherein a black water collecting pipe (5) is arranged at the upper part of the front end of the hydrolysis acidification pool (1), the rear end of the hydrolysis acidification pool (1) is communicated with the sedimentation tank (2) by a water outlet pipe (8) of the hydrolysis acidification pool, a gray water collecting pipe (6) is arranged on the side wall of the sedimentation tank (2), the sedimentation tank (2) is communicated with the ecological filtering basin (3) by a water distributing pipe (7) of the ecological filtering basin, distributive water outlets of the water distributing pipe (7) are buried in a sandy soil layer of the ecological filtering basin (3), and are positioned above a coarse gravel filler (12) at the front section of the ecological filtering basin (3), and the rear section of the ecological filtering basin (3) is communicated with the water collecting tank (4) by through holes in the basin wall. The household type rural domestic wastewater treatment and recycling integrated system has the technical effects that wastewater in individual residents in rural areas can be collected, and the treated water is stored in the water collecting basin to be recycled.

Description

A kind of family formula rural domestic sewage treatment, reusing integral system

Technical field

The invention belongs to sewage disposal technology, be specifically related to the sewage treatment facility of the single resident family in a kind of rural area.

Background technology

Current, in the western knob of China, country residents is dispersion state, this Characteristics of Geographical Distribution causes sewage and is difficult to collect, major part resident family in rural area does not all have complete sewage collecting pipe duct and corresponding treatment facility simultaneously, major part sewage is all unprocessed just directly discharge, and these sewage all have higher N, P content, and direct discharge can cause environmental pollution.

Current rural area is advocated and is built a methane generating pit as waste disposal facilities, but the Main Function of methane-generating pit is for peasant household provides illumination and combustion gas, this is for economically developed rural area, stable biogas can be produced, and relative to rural area backward in economy, can not produce enough human and animal excretas and stalk, this just can not give full play to the effectiveness of methane-generating pit, and the cost of methane-generating pit is also higher simultaneously.In addition, the waste liquid that methane-generating pit is got rid of simultaneously also can cause very serious pollution to rural environment, so methane-generating pit can not realize the function of sewage disposal.

In addition, build land percolation system and belong to a kind of technology in rural sewage treatment, but the shortcoming of this technology is under larger load, easily blocks, thus causes Yong Shui; Meanwhile, give full play to the processing efficiency of land percolation system, then need larger floor space, under the realistic background that current cultivated land resource sharply reduces, this technology should not adopt in the area that those land resourcess are poor.

As the artificial swamp that cities and towns use, because construction area is large, it is high to invest, be not suitable for the western rural areas of resident family's dispersion yet.

Summary of the invention

For the deficiencies in the prior art, technical problem to be solved by this invention is just to provide a kind of family formula rural domestic sewage treatment, reusing integral system, and it can realize the process of sewage for the single resident family in rural area, qualified discharge, and can recycle.

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is realized by such technical scheme, it includes hydrolysis acidification pool, settling tank, ecological filter and water collecting basin, hydrolysis acidification pool upper front end is provided with Heisui River collection tube, the rear end of hydrolysis acidification pool is communicated with settling tank by hydrolysis acidification pool rising pipe, settling tank sidewall is equipped with grey water collection pipe, settling tank is communicated with ecological filter by ecological filter water distributor, the distributed water outlet of ecological filter water distributor is imbedded in the sandy soil layer of ecological filter, and above the coarse gravel filler being positioned at ecological filter leading portion, ecological filter back segment is communicated with water collecting basin by the through hole on pool wall.

Principle of work of the present invention is: sewage is carried out shunting process by the difference according to water quality, and Heisui River enters hydrolysis acidification pool by Heisui River collection tube, and macromolecule contaminant is degraded to small molecule contaminants; Buck then directly enters settling tank to carry out mixing, precipitating with the Heisui River after hydrolysis acidification pool process, then is for further processing after entering ecological filter, and water outlet is stored in the use of water collecting basin as recovery.By anaerobic treatment and ecological filter in the present invention, concentrate and be integrated, shorten reaction process.

So technique effect of the present invention, to rural area, single resident family achieves sewage disposal, and the water after process is stored in water collecting basin and can recycles.Water quality after this system process meets the requirement of field irrigation water quality standard (GB5084-2005) and livestock and poultry breeding industry pollutant emission standard (GB18596-2001) defined.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Accompanying drawing of the present invention is described as follows:

Fig. 1 is two dimensional structure schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the C-C sectional view of Fig. 1.

In figure: 1. hydrolysis acidification pool; 2. settling tank; 3. ecological filter; 4. water collecting basin; 5. Heisui River collection tube; 6. grey water collection pipe; 7. ecological filter water distributor; 8. hydrolysis acidification pool rising pipe; 10. hydrolysis acidification pool dividing plate; 11. active clapboards; 12. coarse gravel fillers; 13. bird's-eye gravel fillers; 14. pebble packings; 15. sandy soil.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described:

As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes hydrolysis acidification pool 1, settling tank 2, ecological filter 3 and water collecting basin 4, hydrolysis acidification pool 1 upper front end is provided with Heisui River collection tube 5, the rear end of hydrolysis acidification pool 1 is communicated with settling tank 2 by hydrolysis acidification pool rising pipe 8, settling tank 2 sidewall is equipped with grey water collection pipe 6, settling tank 2 is communicated with ecological filter 3 by ecological filter water distributor 7, the distributed water outlet of ecological filter water distributor 7 is imbedded in the sandy soil layer of ecological filter 3, and above the coarse gravel filler 12 being positioned at ecological filter 3 leading portion, ecological filter 3 back segment is communicated with water collecting basin 4 by the through hole on pool wall.

As shown in Figure 1, active clapboard 11 is provided with between hydrolysis acidification pool 1 and settling tank 2 to implement to isolate.Active clapboard 11 according to the volume of the size adjustment hydrolysis acidification pool 1 of load, thus can reach change hydraulic detention time, adapts to different loads.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the seal cover board bringing hole into is stamped at hydrolysis acidification pool 1 top, and hydrolysis acidification pool 1 is divided into two sections by traverse baffle 10, and forward and backward two sections of hydrolysis acidification pools are by being communicated with bottom traverse baffle 10.Heisui River fluidised form is enter from the Heisui River collection tube 5 on leading portion hydrolysis acidification pool top, then bottom traverse baffle 10, flows to rear two sections of hydrolysis acidification pools, then flows out from rear two sections of hydrolysis acidification pool tops, to improve usage on black water efficiency.

As shown in figures 1 and 3, grey water collection pipe 6 and the hydrolysis acidification pool rising pipe 8 of settling tank 2 are arranged on settling tank the same side, and grey water collection pipe 6 and hydrolysis acidification pool rising pipe 8 stretch into bottom settling tank.Reach the mixing of flat flow from the water inlet of settling tank the same side, intake by bottom settling tank simultaneously, reduce the disturbance to water body after hydrolysis acidification pool 1 water outlet and buck mixing, strengthen sedimentation effect.

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, ecological filter 3 upper strata is covered with the sandy soil 15 of the thick fine sand of 10cm and mixing with soil, sandy soil 15 plant wetland plant, lower floor by before, during and after three sections of pebble packings 14 being filled with the coarse gravel filler 12 of particle diameter 2-3cm, the bird's-eye gravel filler 13 of particle diameter 1-1.5cm and particle diameter 2-2.5cm successively.The coarse gravel filler 12 of leading portion is as the water distributing area of ecological filter 3, and the bird's-eye gravel filler 13 in stage casing is as bulk filter district, and the pebble packing 14 of back segment is as exhalant region.Water outlet enters water collecting basin 4 by equally distributed water vent.

The present invention is Heisui River influent quality at small towns, Chongqing actual motion treatment effect is COD:1053-1819 (mg/l), NH 4 +-N:286-437 (mg/l), TP:10-27.5 (mg/l); Buck water inlet matter is COD:240-365 (mg/l), NH 4 +-N:7-21 (mg/l), TP:1-5.1; Effluent quality is: COD:80-112 (mg/l), NH 4 +-N:20-35 (mg/l), TP:1.5-3.4.Water outlet COD is less than water in field irrigation water quality standard (GB5084-2005) and makes 150 mg/l of irrigation norm defined, NH 4 +-N is less than 400 mg/l of livestock and poultry breeding industry pollutant emission standard (GB18596-2001) defined, TP: 8 mg/l being less than livestock and poultry breeding industry pollutant emission standard (GB18596-2001) defined.

Present invention reduces laid down cost, the structure of integration shortens the flow process of sewage disposal, and the water inlet of shunting improves the efficiency of sewage disposal.Water after ecological filter 3 processes can be used for recharging farm crop, and the copropel of hydrolysis acidification pool can be used for compost, thus achieves zero release to country sewage, reuses.Whole device does not have power-equipment, has low working cost and higher maintainability.Be particularly suitable for the dispersion peasant household of western rural areas, there is very strong promotional value.

Claims (5)

1. a family formula rural domestic sewage treatment, reusing integral system, it is characterized in that: comprise hydrolysis acidification pool (1), settling tank (2), ecological filter (3) and water collecting basin (4), hydrolysis acidification pool (1) upper front end is provided with Heisui River collection tube (5), the rear end of hydrolysis acidification pool (1) is communicated with settling tank (2) by hydrolysis acidification pool rising pipe (8), grey water collection pipe (6) settling tank (2) sidewall is equipped with, settling tank (2) is communicated with ecological filter (3) by ecological filter water distributor (7), the distributed water outlet of ecological filter water distributor (7) is imbedded in the sandy soil layer of ecological filter (3), and be positioned at coarse gravel filler (12) top of ecological filter (3) leading portion, ecological filter (3) back segment is communicated with water collecting basin (4) by the through hole on pool wall.
2. family according to claim 1 formula rural domestic sewage treatment, reusing integral system, is characterized in that: be provided with active clapboard (11) between hydrolysis acidification pool (1) and settling tank (2) to implement to isolate.
3. family according to claim 2 formula rural domestic sewage treatment, reusing integral system, it is characterized in that: the seal cover board bringing hole into is stamped at hydrolysis acidification pool (1) top, hydrolysis acidification pool (1) is divided into two sections by traverse baffle (10), and forward and backward two sections of hydrolysis acidification pools are communicated with by traverse baffle (10) bottom.
4. family according to claim 3 formula rural domestic sewage treatment, reusing integral system, it is characterized in that: grey water collection pipe (6) and the hydrolysis acidification pool rising pipe (8) of settling tank (2) are arranged on settling tank the same side, and grey water collection pipe (6) and hydrolysis acidification pool rising pipe (8) stretch into bottom settling tank.
5. family according to claim 4 formula rural domestic sewage treatment, reusing integral system, it is characterized in that: ecological filter (3) upper strata is covered with the sandy soil (15) of fine sand and mixing with soil, upper kind of sandy soil (15) are implanted with wetland plant, lower floor by before, during and after three sections be filled with coarse gravel filler (12), bird's-eye gravel filler (13) and pebble packing (14) successively.
CN201410786169.4A 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 A kind of family formula rural domestic sewage treatment, reusing integral system CN104445831B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104445831B CN104445831B (en) 2016-08-24

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105036327A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-11-11 农业部沼气科学研究所 Household domestic sewage purification device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070199893A1 (en) * 2002-06-17 2007-08-30 Worrell Water Technologies, Llc Tidal Vertical Flow Wastewater Treatment System and Method
CN201581029U (en) * 2009-09-27 2010-09-15 中国农业大学 Rural sewage treatment plant for northern household
CN201770574U (en) * 2010-06-02 2011-03-23 上海市政工程设计研究总院 Rural domestic wastewater treatment system using composite-anaerobic and constructed-wetland combined treatment process
CN201864647U (en) * 2010-11-24 2011-06-15 上海净淼环境科技有限公司 Underground unpowered domestic sewage and soil treatment device
CN102260021A (en) * 2011-06-01 2011-11-30 同济大学 Process and device for deep denitrogenation of domestic wastewater without additional carbon source
CN102531185A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-07-04 中国环境科学研究院 Variable flow constructed wetland provided with winter temperature maintaining and raising device
CN203212426U (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-09-25 江苏金梓环境科技有限公司 Low-energy-consumption treatment system of domestic sewage
CN203212433U (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-09-25 北京清水生态环境工程有限公司 Rural sewage treatment system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070199893A1 (en) * 2002-06-17 2007-08-30 Worrell Water Technologies, Llc Tidal Vertical Flow Wastewater Treatment System and Method
CN201581029U (en) * 2009-09-27 2010-09-15 中国农业大学 Rural sewage treatment plant for northern household
CN201770574U (en) * 2010-06-02 2011-03-23 上海市政工程设计研究总院 Rural domestic wastewater treatment system using composite-anaerobic and constructed-wetland combined treatment process
CN201864647U (en) * 2010-11-24 2011-06-15 上海净淼环境科技有限公司 Underground unpowered domestic sewage and soil treatment device
CN102260021A (en) * 2011-06-01 2011-11-30 同济大学 Process and device for deep denitrogenation of domestic wastewater without additional carbon source
CN102531185A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-07-04 中国环境科学研究院 Variable flow constructed wetland provided with winter temperature maintaining and raising device
CN203212426U (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-09-25 江苏金梓环境科技有限公司 Low-energy-consumption treatment system of domestic sewage
CN203212433U (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-09-25 北京清水生态环境工程有限公司 Rural sewage treatment system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105036327A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-11-11 农业部沼气科学研究所 Household domestic sewage purification device

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