CN104440855A - Tool car used for residual stress tests of large parts - Google Patents

Tool car used for residual stress tests of large parts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104440855A
CN104440855A CN201410628058.0A CN201410628058A CN104440855A CN 104440855 A CN104440855 A CN 104440855A CN 201410628058 A CN201410628058 A CN 201410628058A CN 104440855 A CN104440855 A CN 104440855A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ring
residual stress
hand
parts
rotation
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410628058.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104440855B (en
Inventor
李业欣
张银东
张鑫佳
韦廷立
Original Assignee
沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 filed Critical 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司
Priority to CN201410628058.0A priority Critical patent/CN104440855B/en
Publication of CN104440855A publication Critical patent/CN104440855A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104440855B publication Critical patent/CN104440855B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25HWORKSHOP EQUIPMENT, e.g. FOR MARKING-OUT WORK; STORAGE MEANS FOR WORKSHOPS
    • B25H1/00Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby
    • B25H1/14Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby with provision for adjusting the bench top
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B11/00Work holders not covered by any preceding group in the subclass, e.g. magnetic work holders, vacuum work holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25HWORKSHOP EQUIPMENT, e.g. FOR MARKING-OUT WORK; STORAGE MEANS FOR WORKSHOPS
    • B25H1/00Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby
    • B25H1/14Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby with provision for adjusting the bench top
    • B25H1/16Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby with provision for adjusting the bench top in height
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01LMEASURING FORCE, STRESS, TORQUE, WORK, MECHANICAL POWER, MECHANICAL EFFICIENCY, OR FLUID PRESSURE
    • G01L1/00Measuring force or stress, in general
    • G01L1/25Measuring force or stress, in general using wave or particle radiation, e.g. X-rays, microwaves, neutrons

Abstract

The invention relates to a tool car, in particular to a tool car used for residual stress tests of large parts. According to the technical scheme, the tool car comprises a manual hydraulic lift truck, a supporting structure, an axial rotating mechanism, a circumferential rotating mechanism and clamps. The supporting structure comprises a base plate, a left vertical plate and a right vertical plate. The axial rotating mechanism comprises a left bracket, a right bracket, a supporting plate, a left rotating shaft, a right rotating shaft, a crank, a transfer gearbox and a positioning pin. The circumferential rotating mechanism comprises an upper compression ring, a lower compression ring, an inner ring, a spring washer and steel balls. The clamps comprise a flange plate, a core shaft, a gland and a pulling handle. By means of the tool car used for the residual stress tests of the large parts, the levelness and the perpendicularity of the large parts installed on the tool car can be freely adjusted, and the problem that it is difficult to accurately position tested positions when the residual stress tests are carried out on the large parts is solved.

Description

A kind of fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fixture vehicle, be specifically related to a kind of fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test.

Background technology

Residual stress test instrument is the open checkout equipment of an applying X-ray diffraction principle, and it is very strict to the requirement of tested surface.Require that tested surface should keep level, namely the X-ray incident light that sends of instrument is just in time vertical with tested surface.If tested surface has angle of inclination, will cause very large test error, often test result is considered as invalid, and therefore the levelness of tested surface is particularly crucial.Usually, for the part that size is little, by the integrated regulation level using the aid such as plasticine and press to carry out part tested surface, test request can be reached; For large-scale part, different tested surfaces, by several corresponding frock clamp or aid, uses each adjustment level of horizon rule by artificial, but has indivedual measured position still can not reach test request.The heavy parts of different structure, respective a set of frock clamp all to be had to assist, often need repeatedly to change frock, occupy human and material resources, cause the efficiency of residual stress test to reduce, bring much inconvenience to the management such as design, preservation of working site to frock clamp simultaneously.

Summary of the invention

The invention provides a kind of fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test, levelness and the perpendicularity of large parts mounted thereto can being adjusted arbitrarily, solving the problem that large parts measured position when carrying out residual stress test is difficult to accurately location.

Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:

For a fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test, comprise hand-hydraulic lift truck, supporting construction, axial rotation mechanism, rotate in a circumferential direction mechanism and fixture;

Described supporting construction comprises base plate, left side vertical plate and right side riser, and described base plate is fixedly installed on the crane of hand-hydraulic lift truck, and described left side vertical plate and right side riser are symmetricly set on described base plate two ends;

Described axial rotation mechanism comprises left tray, right bracket, support plate, left-hand rotation moving axis, right rotation shafts, crank, uni-drive gear box and alignment pin, left-hand rotation moving axis is arranged in left side vertical plate, left tray is arranged on left-hand rotation moving axis, right rotation shafts is arranged on the riser of right side, right bracket is arranged on right rotation shafts, and described support plate is arranged on left tray and right bracket; Travelling gear in uni-drive gear box engages with the driven gear on right rotation shafts, and crank is connected with described travelling gear; Arrange multiple locating hole along left-hand rotation moving axis circumference above left tray, described alignment pin is plugged in described left side vertical plate, and described alignment pin can insert in described locating hole described axial rotation mechanism for implementing location;

The described mechanism that rotates in a circumferential direction comprises upper press ring, lower pressure ring, inner ring, spring washer and steel ball, described lower pressure ring is arranged on described support plate, described upper press ring is arranged on described lower pressure ring, annular groove is formed between described upper press ring and described lower pressure ring, described inner ring cylindrical arranges an annular boss, described inner ring is arranged between described upper press ring and described lower pressure ring, described annular groove is separated into upper and lower two circular orbits by described annular boss, described steel ball is positioned in described circular orbit, described spring washer is arranged between described steel ball and described circular orbit,

Described fixture comprises ring flange, axle, gland and handle, and described ring flange is fixedly connected with described inner ring, and described axle is arranged on the center of described ring flange, and described gland and described axle are to be threaded, and described handle is arranged on described gland.

The described fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test, its preferred version is arrange slideway above described ring flange, and equipped slide block in described slideway, for positioning part.

The described fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test, its preferred version is, arranges castor below described hand-hydraulic lift truck.

The course of work of fixture vehicle of the present invention is as follows: be placed on by part on ring flange, turns handle and part is compressed by gland, and promotion ring flange level rotates in a circumferential direction to and detects angle needed for part, and spring washer is upspring steel ball location, makes ring flange circumference location; Rotating crank drives support plate to produce axial rotation, forwards to and detects angle needed for part, inserted by alignment pin in locating hole and implement location, detect part.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows: fixture vehicle of the present invention can realize freely being elevated of large parts mounted thereto, and part can also 360 ° of rotation of level circumference, also can axial 360 ° of rotations, without dead angle when part carries out residual stress detection; Fixture vehicle manufacturing process of the present invention is simple, and cost is lower, operating process simple specification, reduce the handling number of times of part, ensure that testing requirement, improve test efficiency truly, reach the object that a car is multiplex, efficiently solve the difficult problem that part residual stress detects.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is fixture vehicle front view of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is A-A direction view in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is B place enlarged drawing in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 be in Fig. 3 C-C to sectional view.

Detailed description of the invention

As shown in figures 1-4, a kind of fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test, comprises hand-hydraulic lift truck 1, supporting construction, axial rotation mechanism, rotates in a circumferential direction mechanism and fixture; Described hand-hydraulic lift truck 1 arranges castor 19 below;

Described supporting construction comprises base plate 3, left side vertical plate 4 and right side riser 5, and described base plate 3 is fixedly installed on the crane 2 of hand-hydraulic lift truck, and described left side vertical plate 4 is symmetricly set on described base plate 3 two ends with right side riser 5;

Described axial rotation mechanism comprises left tray 6, right bracket 7, support plate 8, left-hand rotation moving axis 9, right rotation shafts 10, crank 11, uni-drive gear box 12 and alignment pin 13, left-hand rotation moving axis 9 is arranged in left side vertical plate 4, left tray 6 is arranged on left-hand rotation moving axis 9, right rotation shafts 10 is arranged on the riser 5 of right side, right bracket 7 is arranged on right rotation shafts 10, and described support plate 8 is arranged on left tray 6 and right bracket 7; Travelling gear in uni-drive gear box 12 engages with the driven gear on right rotation shafts 10, and crank 11 is connected with described travelling gear 12; Left tray 6 arranges multiple locating hole along left-hand rotation moving axis 9 circumference above, and described alignment pin 13 is plugged in described left side vertical plate 4, and described alignment pin 13 can insert in described locating hole described axial rotation mechanism for implementing location;

The described mechanism that rotates in a circumferential direction comprises upper press ring 20, lower pressure ring 21, inner ring 22, spring washer 24 and steel ball 23, described lower pressure ring 21 is arranged on described support plate 8, described upper press ring 20 is arranged on described lower pressure ring 21, annular groove is formed between described upper press ring 20 and described lower pressure ring 21, described inner ring 22 cylindrical arranges an annular boss, described inner ring 22 is arranged between described upper press ring 20 and described lower pressure ring 21, described annular groove is separated into upper and lower two circular orbits by described annular boss, described steel ball 23 is positioned in described circular orbit, described spring washer 24 is arranged between described steel ball and described circular orbit,

Described fixture comprises ring flange 14, axle 15, gland 16 and handle 17, described ring flange 14 is fixedly connected with described inner ring 22, described axle 15 is arranged on the center of described ring flange 14, and described gland 16 and described axle 15 are to be threaded, and described handle 17 is arranged on described gland 16; Described ring flange 14 arranges slideway above, and equipped slide block 18 in described slideway, for positioning part.

The course of work of this fixture vehicle is as follows: be placed on by part on ring flange 14, turning handle 17 makes gland 16 be compressed by part, promote ring flange 14 level to rotate in a circumferential direction to and detect angle needed for part, spring washer 24 is upspring and to be located by steel ball 23, makes ring flange 14 circumference location; Rotating crank 11 drives left-hand rotation moving axis 9, right rotation shafts 10, left tray 6, right bracket 7, support plate 8 to produce axial rotation together, forwards to and detects angle needed for part, is inserted by alignment pin 13 in locating hole and implements location, detect part.

Claims (3)

1. for a fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test, it is characterized in that, described fixture vehicle comprises hand-hydraulic lift truck, supporting construction, axial rotation mechanism, rotate in a circumferential direction mechanism and fixture;
Described supporting construction comprises base plate, left side vertical plate and right side riser, and described base plate is fixedly installed on the crane of hand-hydraulic lift truck, and described left side vertical plate and right side riser are symmetricly set on described base plate two ends;
Described axial rotation mechanism comprises left tray, right bracket, support plate, left-hand rotation moving axis, right rotation shafts, crank, uni-drive gear box and alignment pin, left-hand rotation moving axis is arranged in left side vertical plate, left tray is arranged on left-hand rotation moving axis, right rotation shafts is arranged on the riser of right side, right bracket is arranged on right rotation shafts, and described support plate is arranged on left tray and right bracket; Travelling gear in uni-drive gear box engages with the driven gear on right rotation shafts, and crank is connected with described travelling gear; Arrange multiple locating hole along left-hand rotation moving axis circumference above left tray, described alignment pin is plugged in described left side vertical plate, and described alignment pin can insert in described locating hole described axial rotation mechanism for implementing location;
The described mechanism that rotates in a circumferential direction comprises upper press ring, lower pressure ring, inner ring, spring washer and steel ball, described lower pressure ring is arranged on described support plate, described upper press ring is arranged on described lower pressure ring, annular groove is formed between described upper press ring and described lower pressure ring, described inner ring cylindrical arranges an annular boss, described inner ring is arranged between described upper press ring and described lower pressure ring, described annular groove is separated into upper and lower two circular orbits by described annular boss, described steel ball is positioned in described circular orbit, described spring washer is arranged between described steel ball and described circular orbit,
Described fixture comprises ring flange, axle, gland and handle, and described ring flange is fixedly connected with described inner ring, and described axle is arranged on the center of described ring flange, and described gland and described axle are to be threaded, and described handle is arranged on described gland.
2. the fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test according to claim 1, is characterized in that, arranges slideway above described ring flange, and equipped slide block in described slideway, for positioning part.
3. the fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test according to claim 1, is characterized in that, arranges castor below described hand-hydraulic lift truck.
CN201410628058.0A 2014-11-10 2014-11-10 A kind of fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test CN104440855B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410628058.0A CN104440855B (en) 2014-11-10 2014-11-10 A kind of fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410628058.0A CN104440855B (en) 2014-11-10 2014-11-10 A kind of fixture vehicle for large parts residual stress test

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CN104440855A true CN104440855A (en) 2015-03-25
CN104440855B CN104440855B (en) 2015-12-02

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105415312A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-03-23 华中科技大学 Circuit board clamping table and temperature measurement system
CN105882698A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-24 中国南方航空工业(集团)有限公司 Tooling trolley for radiographic detection of casing part of aeroengine
CN107900933A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-04-13 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Suitable for alignment positioning device in the train room of different inner widths
CN108168860A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-06-15 滁州亿扬零部件制造有限公司 A kind of auto parts and components detection fixing tool
CN110631749A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-31 南京中车浦镇城轨车辆有限责任公司 X-ray residual stress detection sample stage

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4577843A (en) * 1984-02-27 1986-03-25 Milwain Donald R Vehicle door support
CN201120606Y (en) * 2007-08-10 2008-09-24 南车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Workpiece turn-over device
CN102152288A (en) * 2011-01-17 2011-08-17 王后忠 Multifunctional frock device under vehicle
CN202357139U (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-08-01 麦克维尔空调制冷(苏州)有限公司 Assembly workbench capable of driving work-piece to overturn and rotate
CN202556058U (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-11-28 昆山江锦机械有限公司 Rotary working table for mounting oil supply unit of diesel engine
CN203266606U (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-11-06 上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司 Repairing bracket of large-scale automobile covering part

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4577843A (en) * 1984-02-27 1986-03-25 Milwain Donald R Vehicle door support
CN201120606Y (en) * 2007-08-10 2008-09-24 南车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Workpiece turn-over device
CN102152288A (en) * 2011-01-17 2011-08-17 王后忠 Multifunctional frock device under vehicle
CN202357139U (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-08-01 麦克维尔空调制冷(苏州)有限公司 Assembly workbench capable of driving work-piece to overturn and rotate
CN202556058U (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-11-28 昆山江锦机械有限公司 Rotary working table for mounting oil supply unit of diesel engine
CN203266606U (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-11-06 上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司 Repairing bracket of large-scale automobile covering part

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105415312A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-03-23 华中科技大学 Circuit board clamping table and temperature measurement system
CN105882698A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-24 中国南方航空工业(集团)有限公司 Tooling trolley for radiographic detection of casing part of aeroengine
CN105882698B (en) * 2016-04-06 2018-08-07 中国南方航空工业(集团)有限公司 Fixture vehicle for the detection of aero-engine casing transillumination
CN107900933A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-04-13 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Suitable for alignment positioning device in the train room of different inner widths
CN108168860A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-06-15 滁州亿扬零部件制造有限公司 A kind of auto parts and components detection fixing tool
CN110631749A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-31 南京中车浦镇城轨车辆有限责任公司 X-ray residual stress detection sample stage

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Address after: 110043 Dong TA street, Dadong District, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, No. 6

Patentee after: Chinese Hangfa Shenyang Liming Aero engine limited liability company

Address before: 110043 Dong TA street, Dadong District, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, No. 6

Patentee before: Liming Aeroplane Engine (Group) Co., Ltd., Shenyang City