CN104438570B - Stamping machine - Google Patents

Stamping machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104438570B
CN104438570B CN201410588570.7A CN201410588570A CN104438570B CN 104438570 B CN104438570 B CN 104438570B CN 201410588570 A CN201410588570 A CN 201410588570A CN 104438570 B CN104438570 B CN 104438570B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
screw mandrel
displacement
spiro
piece
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CN201410588570.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104438570A (en
Inventor
张晶
Original Assignee
张晶
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Priority to CN201410588570.7A priority Critical patent/CN104438570B/en
Publication of CN104438570A publication Critical patent/CN104438570A/en
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Publication of CN104438570B publication Critical patent/CN104438570B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/26Perforating, i.e. punching holes in sheets or flat parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/13Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by linearly moving tables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B1/00Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen
    • B30B1/32Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen by plungers under fluid pressure
    • B30B1/38Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen by plungers under fluid pressure wherein the plungers are operated by pressure of a gas, e.g. steam, air
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing

Abstract

A kind of stamping machine, including base, gearshift and decompressor.Gearshift includes Y-axis displacement mechanism, X-axis displacement mechanism and puts materials and parts, and Y-axis displacement mechanism includes Y-axis support, Y-axis screw mandrel, Y-axis adjusting knob and Y-axis spiro connecting piece.X-axis displacement mechanism includes X-axis support, X-axis screw mandrel, X-axis adjusting knob and X-axis spiro connecting piece.Decompressor includes Z axis displacement mechanism and the punching mechanism being connected with Z axis displacement mechanism, and Z axis displacement mechanism includes Z axis support, Z axis lead, Z axis lifting platform, Z axis spiro connecting piece, Z axis screw mandrel and Z axis adjusting knob.Punching mechanism includes punching press axle sleeve, stamping cylinder, ram axle and staking punch.Above-mentioned stamping machine, by Y-axis displacement mechanism, X-axis displacement mechanism and the cooperation of Z axis displacement mechanism, can drive punching mechanism to do the displacement of three degree of freedom, so that stamping machine can stamp out the punching hole of multiple irregular arrangement.

Description

Stamping machine

Technical field

The present invention relates to punching press forging field, particularly relate to a kind of stamping machine.

Background technology

Punching press is a kind of conventional processing technique in the processing of metal flitch, relies on punch press (or forcing press) and mould Have and tabular billot is applied external force, make billot produce plastic deformation or separation, thus obtain required form and chi Very little stamping parts.Punching press includes deforming operation and separation circuit two kinds, and separation circuit is also referred to as stamping-out, its purpose It is to make stamping parts separate from billot along certain contour line, ensures to separate the prescription of section simultaneously.Shape The purpose of operation is to make billot that plastic deformation to occur under conditions of not breaking base, makes required form and size Blank, blank, through operations such as follow-up grinding, polishings, makes the stamping parts of final finished.

At present, the staking punch number of general stamping machine is less, is usually no more than three, with reduce cost with And avoid stamping machine volume excessive.But, when needing to carry out many places punching operation for a tabular billot, example As, a tabular billot is offered multiple punching hole, when the most multiple punching hole are irregularly arranged, just must Adaptive staking punch need be carried out, to get multiple punching hole by corresponding mobile tabular billot.

Traditional stamping machine is general from billot transporter, utilizes the transmission of transporter to drive billot to move Dynamic to get multiple punching hole, its punching hole being applicable to get multiple linear array, the most still cannot meet Stamp out the punching hole of multiple irregular arrangement.

Such as, Chinese patent 200920277110.7 discloses a kind of high-precision stamping mould, and it specifically discloses A kind of high-precision stamping mould, includes mould support body, and the side of described body has horizontal feeding blind slot, The top of feeding blind slot has upper mold installing hole, lower section has lower mold installing hole, is provided with and leads in upper mold installing hole To die sleeve, being slidably fitted with material pressing device in guiding die sleeve, the upper end of slip cap is provided with cope match-plate pattern, slides Being provided with drift in set, the lower end of drift passes holding pad, and upper end is through cope match-plate pattern and installs strike post, beats Hitting the top of post with step, hit and be set with compression spring on post, described lower mold installing hole is built-in with lower mold, The concave die cavity coordinated with drift is had in lower mold.It is little that this utility model can meet open type mould punching gap The requirement of centering, orientation and guiding accuracy when 0.1 and the high accuracy punch process such as porous combination stamping-out, and General turret numerical control punch mould, it is ensured that mould high accuracy punch process is normally carried out, and easy and simple to handle.

And for example, Chinese patent 201310249322.5 discloses a kind of stamping machine, and it is specifically related to a kind of punching press Machine, including the first stamping machine (1), the second stamping machine (2), also includes steel band feed arrangement (11), the first discharging Device (12), workpiece feeding device (21), the second drawing mechanism (22) and transporter (3);Described steel band enters Material device and the first drawing mechanism are horizontally arranged on the first stamping machine, and can association Tong Bu with on the first stamping machine Transfer and make;Described workpiece feeding device (21) and the second drawing mechanism (22) are horizontally arranged at the second stamping machine (2) On, and can be with the second stamping machine (2) synchronous coordination action;Described transporter (3) is arranged on the first stamping machine (1) between the first drawing mechanism (11) on and the workpiece feeding device (21) on the second stamping machine (2).Its advantage exists In: this stamping machine design structure is ingenious, will be mutually connected by automatic feeding device by two stamping machines, Realize the purpose of Continuous maching workpiece, not only reduce labor intensity, and Product processing has been significantly increased Production efficiency, be effectively reduced the production cost of labour force.

And for example, Chinese patent 201210246159.2 discloses a kind of stamping machine, its openest a kind of punching press Machine, comprising: body;Support, it is connected with the bottom of described body, and hangs down mutually with described body in edge Straight direction extends;Stamping system, it includes staking punch and guiding fixing device;Dynamical system, it is punching Pressure system provides power;Described stamping machine also includes that sensing positioning system, described sensing positioning system include base Plate and press assembly, described press assembly includes bearing plate, and described bearing plate is connected with substrate by connecting post Connect, described bearing plate offers the through hole corresponding with described staking punch size, the medial wall of described through hole It is provided with first sensor.The stamping machine of the present invention is provided with sensing positioning system, and it can effectively control The movement travel of the staking punch of stamping machine, prevents staking punch from treating punching parts and causes damage.

But, disclosed in above-mentioned patent still there is the punching press that cannot stamp out multiple irregular arrangements in stamping machine The problem in hole.

Summary of the invention

Based on this, it is necessary to provide the stamping machine of a kind of punching hole that can stamp out multiple irregular arrangement.

A kind of stamping machine, including base, gearshift and decompressor, institute's displacement apparatus and punching press Device is mounted on base, and described decompressor is arranged towards institute's displacement apparatus;

Described base includes fixed plate and is installed vertically on the mounting post in described fixed plate;

Institute's displacement apparatus includes Y-axis displacement mechanism, X-axis displacement mechanism and puts materials and parts, described Y-axis position Moving mechanism includes Y-axis support, Y-axis screw mandrel, Y-axis adjusting knob and Y-axis spiro connecting piece, and described Y-axis is propped up Frame is fixedly installed on described fixed plate, and described Y-axis screw mandrel rotates and is arranged at described Y-axis support, described Y-axis Adjusting knob is connected with described Y-axis screw mandrel, and described Y-axis spiro connecting piece and described Y-axis screw mandrel are spirally connected and form spiral shell Bar is secondary, and described X-axis displacement mechanism includes X-axis support, X-axis screw mandrel, X-axis adjusting knob and X-axis spiral shell Fitting, described X-axis spiro connecting piece is fixedly installed on described Y-axis spiro connecting piece, described X-axis screw mandrel and described X-axis Spiro connecting piece is spirally connected and forms screw pair, and described X-axis holder pivots is arranged on described X-axis screw mandrel, described X Axle adjusting knob is connected with described X-axis screw mandrel, described in put materials and parts and be arranged at described X-axis support;

Described decompressor includes Z axis displacement mechanism and the punching mechanism being connected with described Z axis displacement mechanism, Described Z axis displacement mechanism includes Z axis support, Z axis lead, Z axis lifting platform, Z axis spiro connecting piece, Z axis Screw mandrel and Z axis adjusting knob, described Z axis support is fixedly installed on described mounting post, and described Z axis guides The two ends of post are respectively arranged at described fixed plate and described Z axis support, and described Z axis lifting platform is slideably positioned in Described Z axis lead, described Z axis spiro connecting piece is fixedly installed in described Z axis lifting platform, described Z axis silk Bar wears described Z axis lifting platform and is spirally connected with described Z axis spiro connecting piece, and described Z axis spiro connecting piece and described Z Axial filament bar forms screw pair, and described Z axis adjusting knob rotates and is arranged at described Z axis support, and described Z axis Adjusting knob is connected with described Z axis screw mandrel, and described punching mechanism includes punching press axle sleeve, stamping cylinder, punching press Axle and staking punch, described punching press axle sleeve is fixedly installed on described Z axis lifting platform, and described stamping cylinder is fixed Being arranged at described punching press sleeve end, described ram axle is slideably positioned in described punching press axle sleeve, and described punching Last item two ends connect described stamping cylinder and described staking punch respectively, and described staking punch sets towards described materials and parts of putting Put.

Wherein in an embodiment, described in put materials and parts and include putting flitch, regulation screw mandrel, push pedal and regulation Knob, described regulation screw mandrel rotate be arranged at described in put flitch, described regulation screw mandrel one end and described regulation rotation Button connects, and the described regulation screw mandrel other end is rotationally connected with described push pedal.

Wherein in an embodiment, described in put flitch and offer and put hopper, described regulation screw mandrel rotates and arranges In the described sidewall putting hopper, described push pedal be placed in described in put in hopper.

Wherein in an embodiment, the end of described regulation screw mandrel rotates and is embedded in described push pedal.

Wherein in an embodiment, described Y-axis screw mandrel is vertical with described X-axis screw mandrel.

Wherein in an embodiment, described Y-axis spiro connecting piece and described X-axis spiro connecting piece are connected by connecting portion.

Wherein in an embodiment, described connecting portion is threaded fastener.

Wherein in an embodiment, described connecting portion is screw.

Wherein in an embodiment, described in put flitch and offer deformation groove away from the side of described regulation screw mandrel.

Wherein in an embodiment, described deformation groove run through described in put the dual-side of flitch.

Above-mentioned stamping machine passes through Y-axis displacement mechanism, X-axis displacement mechanism and the cooperation of Z axis displacement mechanism, Punching mechanism can be driven to do the displacement of three degree of freedom, so that stamping machine can stamp out and multiple not advise The punching hole then arranged.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the stamping machine of an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the Fig. 1 cut-away view along line A-A.

Detailed description of the invention

For the ease of understanding the present invention, below with reference to relevant drawings, the present invention is described more fully. Accompanying drawing gives the better embodiment of the present invention.But, the present invention can come in many different forms Realize, however it is not limited to embodiments described herein.On the contrary, provide the purpose of these embodiments to be Make the disclosure is understood more thorough comprehensively.

It should be noted that when element is referred to as " being fixed on " another element, and it can be directly at another yuan On part or element placed in the middle can also be there is.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, and it can To be directly to another element or to may be simultaneously present centering elements.Term as used herein " is hung down Straight ", " level ", "left", "right" and similar statement for illustrative purposes only, be not offered as It it is unique embodiment.

Unless otherwise defined, all of technology used herein and scientific terminology and the technology belonging to the present invention The implication that the technical staff in field is generally understood that is identical.The art used the most in the description of the invention Language is intended merely to describe the purpose of specific embodiment, it is not intended that in limiting the present invention.Used herein Term " and/or " include the arbitrary and all of combination of one or more relevant Listed Items.

Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, stamping machine 10 includes base 100, gearshift 200 and decompressor 300, gearshift 200 and decompressor 300 are mounted on base 100, and decompressor 300 Arrange to gearshift 200;Refer to shown in Fig. 1 Yu Fig. 2, described towards, i.e. both operating positions Relatively or be oppositely arranged so that the former operating result or labor and materials, it is possible to directly utilized by the latter or process Process.Gearshift 200 is used for placing and driving tabular billot displacement, and decompressor 300 is at plate The punching hole of some irregular alignments is stamped out on shape billot.

Referring to Fig. 1, base 100 includes fixed plate 110 and is installed vertically on the installation in fixed plate 110 Post 120.Such as, base 100 is in " L " character form structure.And for example, the remotely mounted post of fixed plate 110 120 Side also set up some support seats 130, be used for supporting base 100.

Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, gearshift 200 includes Y-axis displacement mechanism 400, X-axis displacement mechanism 500 and put materials and parts 600, Y-axis displacement mechanism 400 is fixedly installed in fixed plate 110, X-axis displacement machine Structure 500 is slideably positioned in Y-axis displacement mechanism 400, puts materials and parts 600 and is slideably positioned in Y-axis displacement mechanism 400 On, and the moving direction of Y-axis displacement mechanism 400 is vertical with the moving direction putting materials and parts 600.

Refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, Y-axis displacement mechanism 400 include Y-axis support 410, Y-axis screw mandrel 420, Y-axis adjusting knob 430 and Y-axis spiro connecting piece 440.

Referring to Fig. 1, Y-axis support 410 is fixedly installed on fixed plate 110.Y-axis support 410 includes two pieces Y-axis installing plate 411 and Y-axis fix post 412, and two pieces of Y-axis installing plates 411 are fixedly installed on fixed plate 110, and two pieces of Y-axis installing plates 411 be arranged in parallel, Y-axis fix the two ends of post 412 respectively with two pieces of Y-axis Installing plate 411 is fixing to be connected.

Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, Y-axis screw mandrel 420 rotates and is arranged at Y-axis support 410, Y-axis adjusting knob 430 are connected with the end of Y-axis screw mandrel 420, and Y-axis spiro connecting piece 440 is spirally connected with Y-axis screw mandrel 420 and is formed Screw pair.Y can be driven by rotating the Y-axis adjusting knob 430 being connected with the end of Y-axis screw mandrel 420 Axial filament bar 420 rotates, and then drives and form the Y-axis spiro connecting piece 440 of screw pair along Y with Y-axis screw mandrel 420 Axial filament bar 420 does reciprocating type displacement.Such as, Y-axis screw mandrel 420 rotates and is arranged on an installing plate 411.

Referring to Fig. 1, X-axis displacement mechanism 500 includes that X-axis support 510, X-axis screw mandrel 520, X-axis are adjusted Joint knob 530 and X-axis spiro connecting piece 540.

Referring to Fig. 1, X-axis spiro connecting piece 540 is fixedly installed on Y-axis spiro connecting piece 440, and so, Y-axis is spirally connected Part 440 along Y-axis screw mandrel 420 move time, also drive X-axis spiro connecting piece 540 is moved along Y-axis screw mandrel 420.

So that X-axis spiro connecting piece 540 fixes more securely with Y-axis spiro connecting piece 440, such as, Y-axis Spiro connecting piece 440 and X-axis spiro connecting piece 540 are connected by connecting portion 541, and and for example, connecting portion 541 is screw thread Securing member, and for example, connecting portion 541 is screw.

Referring to Fig. 1, X-axis screw mandrel 520 and X-axis spiro connecting piece 540 are spirally connected and form screw pair, X-axis support 510 rotations are arranged on X-axis screw mandrel 520, and X-axis adjusting knob 530 is connected with X-axis screw mandrel 520, this Sample, by rotating X-axis adjusting knob 530, can drive X-axis spiro connecting piece 540 to do along X-axis screw mandrel 520 Reciprocating type displacement.In other words, when rotating X-axis adjusting knob 530, X-axis support 510 is by relative X-axis Spiro connecting piece 540 is subjected to displacement.It is to say, adjust by rotating Y-axis adjusting knob 430 and X-axis respectively Joint knob 530 is so that X-axis support 510 can do the displacement action of two degree of freedom.Can also make, When rotating Y-axis adjusting knob 430, X-axis support 510 can be driven to move along Y-axis, when rotating X-axis During adjusting knob 530, X-axis support 510 can be driven to move along the x-axis, mobile more flexible, thus can To drive tabular billot to move for greater flexibility, and then decompressor 300 punching press on tabular billot can be coordinated Go out the punching hole of some irregular arrangements.

In order to preferably drive X-axis support 510 to do the displacement of two degree of freedom, such as, refer to Fig. 1, X Bracing strut 510 includes that two pieces of X-axis installing plates 511 and X-axis fix post 512, and two pieces of X-axis installing plates 511 be arranged in parallel, and X-axis fixes that the two ends of post 512 are fixing with two pieces of X-axis installing plates 511 respectively to be connected, X Axial filament bar 520 rotates and is arranged on an X-axis installing plate 511, as such, it is possible to preferably drive X-axis support 510 displacements doing two degree of freedom.

In order to preferably drive X-axis support 510 to do the displacement of two degree of freedom, such as, Y-axis screw mandrel 420 It is vertically arranged with X-axis screw mandrel 520, as such, it is possible to improve the precision of X-axis support 510 displacement, to prevent When controlling X-axis support 510 displacement, the problem moving course deviation, such that it is able to preferably drive X Bracing strut 510 does the displacement of two degree of freedom.

Refer to Fig. 1, put materials and parts 600 and be fixed on and be arranged on X-axis support 510, when X-axis support 510 When doing the displacement of two degree of freedom, also drive is placed on and puts materials and parts 600 plate billot and do two degree of freedom Displacement, mobile more flexible, and then it is some that decompressor 300 can be coordinated to stamp out on tabular billot The punching hole of irregular arrangement.

Refer to Fig. 1, put materials and parts 600 and include putting flitch 610, regulation screw mandrel 620, push pedal 630 and adjusting Joint knob 640.Regulation screw mandrel 620 rotates to be arranged at puts flitch 610, regulation screw mandrel 620 one end and regulation rotation Button 640 connects, and regulation screw mandrel 620 other end is rotationally connected with push pedal 630.Put flitch 610 to offer and put Hopper 611, regulation screw mandrel 620 rotates and is arranged at the sidewall putting hopper 611, and push pedal 630 is placed in puts hopper In 611, the end of regulation screw mandrel 620 rotates and is embedded in push pedal 630, and so, tabular billot can be more steady Surely it is positioned over and puts in hopper 611, meanwhile, by rotating adjusting knob 640, by regulation screw mandrel 620 Transmission, props up tabular billot securely by push pedal 630, such that it is able to make tabular billot stable further Be positioned over and put in hopper 611.Additionally, by regulation screw mandrel 620, push pedal 630 and adjusting knob 640 Cooperation, can adaptive various sizes of tabular billot.

In order to avoid putting materials and parts 600 because of by too greatly stamping press, and cause occurring excessive irreversibility to become, The problem even ruptured, such as, refers to Fig. 1, puts flitch 610 and offers away from the side regulating screw mandrel 620 There is deformation groove 612, it will be understood that deformation groove 612 can give the occurred reversibility putting materials and parts 600 appropriateness The tolerance range become, in other words, deformation groove 612 can be alleviated and puts materials and parts 600 because of by too greatly stamping press, And the excessive tension force being subject to, and then can avoid putting materials and parts 600 because of by too greatly stamping press, and cause Excessive irreversibility is occurred to become, the problem even ruptured.And for example, deformation groove 612 runs through and puts flitch 610 Dual-side.

Refer to Fig. 1, decompressor 300 include Z axis displacement mechanism 700 and with Z axis displacement mechanism 700 The punching mechanism 800 connected, Z axis displacement mechanism 700 is arranged at base 100, and punching mechanism 800 is fixing to be set It is placed on Z axis displacement mechanism 700, and punching mechanism 800 is arranged towards putting materials and parts 600, so that stamping machine Structure 800 preferably does punching operation to being placed on the tabular billot put on materials and parts 600.

Referring to Fig. 1, Z axis displacement mechanism 700 includes Z axis support 710, Z axis lead 720, Z axis liter Fall platform 730, Z axis spiro connecting piece 740, Z axis screw mandrel 750 and Z axis adjusting knob 760.

Referring to Fig. 1, Z axis support 710 is fixedly installed on the mounting post 120 of base 100, lead 120 Two ends set up fixed plate 110 and the Z axis support 710 being placed in base 100 separately, Z axis lifting platform 730 slides and sets It is placed in Z axis lead 720.

Referring to Fig. 1, Z axis spiro connecting piece 740 is fixedly installed in Z axis lifting platform 730, Z axis screw mandrel 750 Wear Z axis lifting platform 730 and be spirally connected with Z axis spiro connecting piece 740, and Z axis spiro connecting piece 740 and Z axis screw mandrel 750 form screw pair, and Z axis adjusting knob 760 rotates and is arranged at Z axis support 710, and Z axis adjusting knob 760 are connected with Z axis screw mandrel 750.So, by rotating Z axis adjusting knob 760, Z axis spiral shell can be driven Fitting 740 does reciprocating type displacement along Z axis screw mandrel 750, and then drives and the fixing Z of Z axis spiro connecting piece 740 Axle lifting platform 730 does the reciprocating type displacement of above-below direction along Z axis screw mandrel 750, and meanwhile, lead 120 is also So that Z axis lifting platform 730 is when doing reciprocating type displacement, it is not susceptible to rock.

In order to further such that Z axis lifting platform 730 is when doing reciprocating type displacement, be not susceptible to rock, meanwhile, May be provided for guide effect, such as, refer to Fig. 1, Z axis displacement mechanism 700 also includes assisting lead 770, the end of auxiliary lead 770 is fixedly installed on Z axis support 710, and Z axis lifting platform 730 slides and sets It is placed in and assists lead 770, so, can be further such that Z axis lifting platform 730 doing reciprocating type displacement Time, it is not susceptible to rock, at the same time it can also be provide guide effect.And for example, auxiliary lead 770 and Z Axle lead 720 is parallel.

In order to avoid Z axis adjusting knob 760 is by Z axis lifting platform 730, Z axis spiro connecting piece 740 and Z The excessive pulling force of the generation of Z axis adjusting knob 760 is damaged by axial filament bar 750, such as, refers to Fig. 1, Being provided with bearing block 761 between Z axis adjusting knob 760 and Z axis support, the two sides of bearing block 761 are respectively Fix be connected with Z axis adjusting knob 760 and Z axis support 710, so, utilize bearing block 761 to share and hold By above-mentioned pulling force, Z axis adjusting knob 760 can be avoided by Z axis lifting platform 730, Z axis spiro connecting piece 740 And the excessive pulling force of the generation of Z axis adjusting knob 760 is damaged by Z axis screw mandrel 750.And for example, load-bearing Block is rectangular-shaped iron block;And for example, bearing block offers through hole, and Z axis screw mandrel wears the through hole of bearing block.

Referring to Fig. 1, punching mechanism 800 includes punching press axle sleeve 810, stamping cylinder 820, ram axle 830 And staking punch 840.

Referring to Fig. 1, punching press axle sleeve 810 is fixedly installed on Z axis lifting platform 730, and stamping cylinder 820 is fixed Being arranged at punching press axle sleeve 810 end, ram axle 830 is slideably positioned in punching press axle sleeve 810, and ram axle 830 two ends connect stamping cylinder 820 and staking punch 840 respectively, and staking punch 840 is arranged towards putting materials and parts 600. Controlling Z axis lifting platform 730 can drive ram axle 830 along punching press axle sleeve 810 near putting materials and parts 600 Plate billot moves, thus drives the staking punch fixed with ram axle 830 away from stamping cylinder 820 one end 840 near putting the motion of materials and parts 600 plate billot, if until staking punch 840 stamps out on tabular billot Dry punching hole.Such as, ram axle is parallel with Z axis lead, and and for example, ram axle is parallel with auxiliary lead, And for example, ram axle, Z axis lead and auxiliary lead are parallel.

Be appreciated that due to tabular billot own dimensions, such as, the thickness of tabular billot blocked up or Person is the thinnest, now, it is necessary to rotate Z axis adjusting knob 760, controls Z axis lifting platform 730 and arrives and plate The height that shape billot thickness adapts, in order to staking punch 840 preferably stamps out some on tabular billot Punching hole.

In order to avoid punching mechanism 800 is when carrying out punching operation, produces and too greatly rock, to prevent from liquidating The precision of pressure produces impact, such as, refers to Fig. 1, and punching mechanism 800 also includes snubber elastomeric part 850, The two ends of snubber elastomeric part 850 connect Z axis support 710 and punching press axle sleeve 810 respectively, so, utilize slow Rush the buffering of elastic component 850, punching mechanism 800 can be avoided when carrying out punching operation, produce too greatly Rock, to prevent the precision generation impact pressed that liquidates.And for example, snubber elastomeric part is helical structure, and for example, Snubber elastomeric part is spring, and for example, also sets up a balancing weight and is connected with punching press axle sleeve.

The operation principle of above-mentioned stamping machine 10 is as follows:

First, tabular billot is placed on and puts on materials and parts 600, afterwards, by regulation Y-axis adjusting knob 430 And X-axis adjusting knob 530, until the punching press that tabular billot is just being given directions by the pressing direction of staking punch 840 Region to be punched, hole, afterwards according to the thickness of tabular billot, adapt Z axis adjusting knob 760 makes Distance between staking punch 840 and tabular billot is suitable for punching operation, then controls stamping cylinder 820 and drives Staking punch 840 gets punching hole on tabular billot, afterwards, according to the arrangement of punching hole on tabular billot, Regulation Y-axis adjusting knob 430 and X-axis adjusting knob 530 again, to get second punching hole, with Reason, repeats aforesaid operations, until staking punch 840 gets the irregular of some appointment regions on tabular billot The punching hole of arrangement.

Above-mentioned decompressor 300 is by arranging Z axis displacement mechanism 700 and connecting with Z axis displacement mechanism 700 The punching mechanism 800 connect, and Z axis displacement mechanism 700 can drive punching mechanism 800 to move more flexibly, To coordinate the gearshift 200 with two degree of freedom, such that it is able to stamp out the punching press of multiple irregular arrangement Hole.

Above-mentioned stamping machine 10 is by Y-axis displacement mechanism 400, X-axis displacement mechanism 500 and Z axis displacement machine The cooperation of structure 700, can drive punching mechanism 800 to do the displacement of three degree of freedom, so that stamping machine 10 punching hole that can stamp out multiple irregular arrangement.

Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can combine arbitrarily, for making description succinct, the most right The all possible combination of each technical characteristic in above-described embodiment is all described, but, if these skills There is not contradiction in the combination of art feature, is all considered to be the scope that this specification is recorded.

The above embodiment only have expressed the several embodiments of the present invention, and it describes more concrete and detailed Carefully, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to the scope of the claims of the present invention.It should be pointed out that, for this For the those of ordinary skill in field, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, it is also possible to make some changes Shape and improvement, these broadly fall into protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be with Claims are as the criterion.

Claims (10)

1. a stamping machine, it is characterised in that include base, gearshift and decompressor, institute's rheme Moving device and decompressor are mounted on base, and described decompressor is arranged towards institute's displacement apparatus;
Described base includes fixed plate and is installed vertically on the mounting post in described fixed plate;
Institute's displacement apparatus includes Y-axis displacement mechanism, X-axis displacement mechanism and puts materials and parts, described Y-axis position Moving mechanism includes Y-axis support, Y-axis screw mandrel, Y-axis adjusting knob and Y-axis spiro connecting piece, and described Y-axis is propped up Frame is fixedly installed on described fixed plate, and described Y-axis screw mandrel rotates and is arranged at described Y-axis support, described Y-axis Adjusting knob is connected with described Y-axis screw mandrel, and described Y-axis spiro connecting piece and described Y-axis screw mandrel are spirally connected and form spiral shell Bar is secondary, and described X-axis displacement mechanism includes X-axis support, X-axis screw mandrel, X-axis adjusting knob and X-axis spiral shell Fitting, described X-axis spiro connecting piece is fixedly installed on described Y-axis spiro connecting piece, described X-axis screw mandrel and described X-axis Spiro connecting piece is spirally connected and forms screw pair, and described X-axis holder pivots is arranged on described X-axis screw mandrel, described X Axle adjusting knob is connected with described X-axis screw mandrel, described in put materials and parts and be arranged at described X-axis support;
Described decompressor includes Z axis displacement mechanism and the punching mechanism being connected with described Z axis displacement mechanism, Described Z axis displacement mechanism includes Z axis support, Z axis lead, Z axis lifting platform, Z axis spiro connecting piece, Z axis Screw mandrel and Z axis adjusting knob, described Z axis support is fixedly installed on described mounting post, and described Z axis guides The two ends of post are respectively arranged at described fixed plate and described Z axis support, and described Z axis lifting platform is slideably positioned in Described Z axis lead, described Z axis spiro connecting piece is fixedly installed in described Z axis lifting platform, described Z axis silk Bar wears described Z axis lifting platform and is spirally connected with described Z axis spiro connecting piece, and described Z axis spiro connecting piece and described Z Axial filament bar forms screw pair, and described Z axis adjusting knob rotates and is arranged at described Z axis support, and described Z axis Adjusting knob is connected with described Z axis screw mandrel, and described punching mechanism includes punching press axle sleeve, stamping cylinder, punching press Axle and staking punch, described punching press axle sleeve is fixedly installed on described Z axis lifting platform, and described stamping cylinder is fixed Being arranged at described punching press sleeve end, described ram axle is slideably positioned in described punching press axle sleeve, and described punching Last item two ends connect described stamping cylinder and described staking punch respectively, and described staking punch sets towards described materials and parts of putting Putting, wherein, described punching mechanism also includes that snubber elastomeric part, the two ends of described snubber elastomeric part connect Z respectively Bracing strut and punching press axle sleeve, described elastic component is helical structure, also sets up a balancing weight and described ram axle Set connects.
Stamping machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described in put materials and parts include putting flitch, Regulation screw mandrel, push pedal and adjusting knob, described regulation screw mandrel rotate be arranged at described in put flitch, described tune Joint screw mandrel one end is connected with described adjusting knob, and the described regulation screw mandrel other end is rotationally connected with described push pedal.
Stamping machine the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described in put flitch and offer and put hopper, Described regulation screw mandrel rotate be arranged at described in put the sidewall of hopper, described push pedal be placed in described in put in hopper.
Stamping machine the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the end of described regulation screw mandrel rotates It is embedded in described push pedal.
Stamping machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Y-axis screw mandrel and described X-axis Screw mandrel is vertical.
Stamping machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Y-axis spiro connecting piece and described X Axle spiro connecting piece is connected by connecting portion.
Stamping machine the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described connecting portion is threaded fastener.
Stamping machine the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that described connecting portion is screw.
Stamping machine the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described in put flitch away from described regulation The side of screw mandrel offers deformation groove.
Stamping machine the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that described deformation groove run through described in put The dual-side of flitch.
CN201410588570.7A 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Stamping machine CN104438570B (en)

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