CN104438419A - Forging forming process of high barrel-shaped aluminum alloy forged piece - Google Patents

Forging forming process of high barrel-shaped aluminum alloy forged piece Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104438419A
CN104438419A CN201410573288.1A CN201410573288A CN104438419A CN 104438419 A CN104438419 A CN 104438419A CN 201410573288 A CN201410573288 A CN 201410573288A CN 104438419 A CN104438419 A CN 104438419A
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China
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aluminum alloy
ring
forge piece
blank
alloy forge
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CN201410573288.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104438419B (en
Inventor
许亮
李湘军
王骏
刘智
刘其源
陈翠
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无锡市派克重型铸锻有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P15/00Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21HMAKING PARTICULAR METAL OBJECTS BY ROLLING, e.g. SCREWS, WHEELS, RINGS, BARRELS, BALLS
    • B21H1/00Making articles shaped as bodies of revolution
    • B21H1/06Making articles shaped as bodies of revolution rings of restricted axial length
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J1/00Preparing metal stock or similar ancillary operations prior, during or post forging, e.g. heating or cooling
    • B21J1/06Heating or cooling methods or arrangements specially adapted for performing forging or pressing operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J5/00Methods for forging, hammering, or pressing; Special equipment or accessories therefor
    • B21J5/06Methods for forging, hammering, or pressing; Special equipment or accessories therefor for performing particular operations
    • B21J5/08Upsetting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J5/00Methods for forging, hammering, or pressing; Special equipment or accessories therefor
    • B21J5/06Methods for forging, hammering, or pressing; Special equipment or accessories therefor for performing particular operations
    • B21J5/10Piercing billets

Abstract

The invention relates to a forging forming process of a high barrel-shaped aluminum alloy forged piece. A cross upsetting and rolling method is adopted in a forging process, so that on one hand, an aluminum alloy blank can be fully deformed, and a casting-state structure is enabled to be changed into a forged structure, on the other hand, by use of the cross upsetting and rolling method, the anisotropy of an aluminum alloy ring piece can be reduced and the radial elongation of the aluminum alloy ring piece can be improved. The feeding rate of a ring rolling machine during ring rolling is changed in a forging process, so that the aluminum alloy forged piece is prevented from being overheated on one hand, and the end surface of the aluminum alloy forged piece can be prevented from peeling and sinking; and besides, the aluminum alloy forged piece is subjected to heat treatment, so that the intensity of the forged piece can be improved, hardening constituents precipitated out from the aluminum alloy forged piece at the heat treatment temperature can be finely dispersed and distributed, the participating stress of the aluminum alloy forged piece can be reduced and the follow-up machining deformation can be prevented.

Description

A kind of forging molding process of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece
Technical field
The present invention relates to Forging Technology, particularly relate to a kind of forging molding process of high tubular aluminium alloy (2A14) forging.
Background technology
Aluminium alloy is a most widely used class non-ferrous metal structural material in industry, widely applies in Aeronautics and Astronautics, automobile, machine-building, boats and ships and chemical industry.In forging process at present for high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece, due to aluminium alloy, in heating process, there is deformation temperature range narrow, to deformation temperature and deformation velocity sensitivity, large and the poor fluidity of coefficient of friction, inhomogeneous deformation can cause local coarse-grain, and the situation such as forging sticking to mould, and the height of this high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece is 900mm, therefore in forging process, easily critical strain is produced, easily critical strain is produced in forging process, unstability may be caused in ring rolling process, ovalizing deflection, in heat treatment step, ring is easily out of shape, finished product uneven microstructure and the problem such as property anisotropy is large after heat treatment, substantially increase the production difficulty of aluminum alloy forge piece.
Summary of the invention
The applicant, for above-mentioned existing issue, is studied improvement, provides a kind of forging molding process of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece, effectively improves mouldability and the mechanical property of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece, greatly reduces production difficulty.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A forging molding process for high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece, comprises the following steps:
The first step: blanking: use aluminium cast bar is blank;
Second step: heating before forging: the first heating period: blank is placed in heating furnace, blank temperature is warming up to and is not more than 300 DEG C; Second heating period: continue slab heating-up to 470 DEG C ± 5 DEG C from the outlet temperature of described first heating period, insulation 22-28h;
3rd step: base: first stage: adopt cross upsetting pull method will heat the upsetting pull of gained blank and form cake part; Second stage: the ring base of punching formation with endoporus is carried out to described cake part;
4th step: first time melts down heating: be reentered in heating furnace by described ring base and heat, make the temperature of blank with holes reach 470 DEG C ± 5 DEG C, insulation 5-7h;
5th step: reaming: adopt open die forging saddle support reaming preparation to roll over ring ring base to described ring base;
6th step: second time melts down heating: be reentered in heating furnace by described rolling ring ring base and carry out being heated to 470 DEG C ± 5 DEG C, insulation 2-3h;
7th step: roll over ring: adopt Ring Rolling Machine to carry out rolling system to described rolling ring ring base and form aluminum alloy forge piece, Ring Rolling Machine radial feed speed is 0.6 ~ 0.7mm/s, and the surface of rolling over aluminum alloy forge piece described in ring process is constantly brushed with lubricant;
8th step: by the 9th step gained aluminum alloy forge piece air cooling to room temperature;
9th step: heat treatment: first stage: be that the aluminum alloy forge piece of room temperature is heated to 500 DEG C ± 5 DEG C by temperature, carries out solution heat treatment after insulation 5-7h; Second stage: by horizontal type ring rolling machine to the cold looping mill rolling of the aluminum alloy forge piece after solid solution, finally complete artificial aging heat treatment;
Tenth step: be machined into and require size.
Its further technical scheme is:
Described in 3rd step first stage, the concrete jumping-up mode of cross By Means of Upsetting is as follows: first along Z axis, blank jumping-up is formed disk, then along X-axis, disk pulling is formed rectangle blank, again rectangle blank is formed square blank along X-axis jumping-up, square blank is pulled out again along Z axis and forms rectangle blank, then along Z axis jumping-up, cake part is formed to described rectangle blank;
Described in 3rd step second stage, the concrete punching process of punching is as follows: first utilize punching pin to go out counterbore to cake part, the degree of depth of described counterbore is 20-50mm, then evenly lubricant is brushed at the inwall of described counterbore, finally by punching pin, punching is continued to described counterbore, make described counterbore form through hole, the diameter of described counterbore is less than the diameter of described through hole;
Open die forging saddle support reaming described in 5th step adopts the mandrel of different-diameter to divide second reaming, and the diameter of first time reaming mandrel is less than the diameter of second time reaming mandrel;
The detailed process of the 9th step first stage solution heat treatment is as follows: aluminum alloy forge piece is put into the water solid solution that water temperature is 60 ~ 70 DEG C, makes the temperature after aluminum alloy forge piece solid solution be 60 ~ 70 DEG C;
In 9th step second stage during Ring Rolling Machine looping mill rolling cold to aluminum alloy forge piece, the ID distortion amount of aluminum alloy forge piece is 0% ~ 0.3%, and the heat treated temperature of artificial aging is 150 ~ 160 DEG C;
Described lubricant is mixed by graphite and lard.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
(1) the inventive method adopts cross upsetting pull method when base, aluminum alloy blank can be made fully to be out of shape on the one hand, make as-cast structure become forging tissue, utilize cross upsetting pull method can reduce the anisotropy of aluminium alloy rings performance in addition, increase the radial percentage elongation of aluminium alloy rings.
(2) first the inventive method utilizes punching pin punching counterbore when punching, by after counterbore inwall even application lubricant at punching through hole, effectively prevent from pulling endoporus when punch process.
(3) the inventive method utilizes saddle support reaming and adopts the mandrel of different-diameter point secondary punching can leave darker hammering by effectively anti-stop ring base inwall.
(4) by the feed rate of Ring Rolling Machine during change rolling ring, aluminum alloy forge piece can be prevented overheated on the one hand, end face peeling and the groove of aluminum alloy forge piece can also be prevented in addition, in addition forging intensity is not only increased to the heat treatment of aluminum alloy forge piece, the aluminum alloy forge piece strong words small and dispersed distribution more mutually of separating out under this heat treatment temperature in addition, reduce the participation stress of aluminum alloy forge piece, prevent follow-up machining distortion.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the temperature curve schematic diagram of heating before forging in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of base process in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the temperature curve schematic diagram melting down heating in the present invention for the first time.
Fig. 4 is the temperature curve schematic diagram that in the present invention, second time melts down heating.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of forging molding process of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece comprises the following steps:
The first step: blanking: use aluminium cast bar is blank, the diameter of this blank is 680mm, is highly 1400mm;
Second step: heating before forging: the first heating period: be placed on by blank in heating furnace, make blank temperature be warming up to 290 DEG C; Second heating period: continue slab heating-up to 465 DEG C from the outlet temperature (290 DEG C) of described first heating period, insulation 22h.Before forging, the temperature curve of heating as shown in Figure 1.
3rd step: base: as shown in Figure 2, the first stage: adopt cross upsetting pull method will heat the upsetting pull of gained blank and form cake part; The concrete jumping-up mode of institute's cross By Means of Upsetting is as follows: first along Z axis, blank jumping-up is formed disk, the diameter of disk is 1000mm, is highly shown in 650mm(Fig. 2 a).Then along X-axis, disk pulling is formed rectangle blank, the length of this rectangle blank is 1370mm, and width is 610mm, is highly shown in 610mm(Fig. 2 b).Again rectangle blank is formed square blank along X-axis jumping-up, the length of this square blank is 630mm, and width is 900mm, is highly shown in 900mm(Fig. 2 c).Again pulled out along Z axis by square blank and form rectangle blank, the length of this rectangle blank is 1370mm, is highly 610mm, and width is shown in 610mm(Fig. 2 d).Then form cake part to rectangle blank along Z axis jumping-up, the diameter of cake part is 835mm, is highly shown in 930mm(Fig. 2 e).Second stage: the ring base of punching formation with endoporus is carried out to cake part, the concrete punching process of described punching is as follows: first utilize punching pin to go out a dark 20mm counterbore, then evenly lubricant is brushed at the inwall of counterbore, lubricant is mixed by graphite and lard, finally by punching pin, punching is continued to counterbore, make counterbore form Φ 280 through hole (as shown in figure 2f), the diameter of above-mentioned counterbore is less than the diameter of through hole, first goes out counterbore and effectively prevents from pulling endoporus during punching.
4th step: first time melts down heating: as shown in Figure 3, be reentered in heating furnace by ring base and heat, make the temperature of blank with holes reach 465 DEG C, insulation 5h;
5th step: reaming: adopt open die forging saddle support reaming preparation to roll over ring ring base to ring base, first adopt the mandrel of Φ 280 to carry out saddle support reaming during reaming, saddle support carries out saddle support reaming anti-stop ring base inwall again to the mandrel changing Φ 400 during Φ 500 darker hammering.The stability of postorder being rolled over to ring has very great help.Roll over ring ring base after saddle support reaming and be of a size of Φ 1500 × 1200 × 930.
6th step: second time melts down heating: as shown in Figure 4, is reentered into the 5th step gained rolling ring ring base in heating furnace and carries out being heated to 465 DEG C, insulation 2h;
7th step: roll over ring: adopt Ring Rolling Machine to carry out rolling system to described rolling ring ring base and form aluminum alloy forge piece, Ring Rolling Machine radial feed speed is 0.6mm/s, forging can be prevented overheated on the one hand by the radial feed speed adjusting Ring Rolling Machine, end face peeling and groove can also be prevented in addition.The surface of rolling over aluminum alloy forge piece described in ring process is constantly brushed with lubricant, and after rolling over ring, this aluminum alloy forge piece is of a size of Φ 2050 × Φ 1840 × 930(race diameter/inner ring diameter/highly).
8th step: by the 9th step gained aluminum alloy forge piece air cooling to room temperature;
9th step: heat treatment: first stage: be that the aluminum alloy forge piece of room temperature is heated to 495 DEG C by temperature, solution heat treatment is carried out after insulation 5h, the detailed process of solution heat treatment is as follows: aluminum alloy forge piece is put into the water solid solution that water temperature is 60 DEG C, makes the temperature after aluminum alloy forge piece solid solution be 60 DEG C.
Second stage: by horizontal type ring rolling machine to the cold looping mill rolling of the aluminum alloy forge piece after solid solution, during cold looping mill rolling, the deflection of aluminum alloy forge piece is 0.1%, finally completes artificial aging heat treatment, and the heat treated temperature of artificial aging is 150 DEG C.
Tenth step: be machined into and require size Φ 1980* Φ 1800*930(outside dimension, internal diameter size, highly).
Embodiment 2:
A kind of forging molding process of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece comprises the following steps:
The first step: blanking: use aluminium cast bar is blank, the diameter of this blank is 680mm, is highly 1500mm, and weight is 1550kg.
Second step: heating before forging: the first heating period: be placed on by blank in heating furnace, make blank temperature be warming up to 300 DEG C; Second heating period: continue slab heating-up to 475 DEG C from the outlet temperature (300 DEG C) of described first heating period, insulation 28h.Before forging, the temperature curve of heating as shown in Figure 1.
3rd step: base: as shown in Figure 2, the first stage: adopt cross upsetting pull method will heat the upsetting pull of gained blank and form cake part; The concrete jumping-up mode of institute's cross By Means of Upsetting is as follows: first along Z axis, blank jumping-up is formed disk, disk diameter is 1030mm, is highly shown in 650mm(Fig. 2 a).Then along X-axis, disk pulling is formed rectangle blank, this rectangle charge length is 1470mm, and height and width are shown in 610mm(Fig. 2 b).Again rectangle blank is formed square blank along X-axis jumping-up, the length of square blank is 650mm, and height and width are shown in 910mm(Fig. 2 c).Again pulled out along Z axis by square blank and form rectangle blank, the length of rectangle blank is 1470mm, and height and width are shown in 610mm(Fig. 2 d).Then form cake part to described rectangle blank along Z axis jumping-up, cake part diameter is 860mm, is highly shown in 930mm(Fig. 2 e).Second stage: the ring base of punching formation with endoporus is carried out to described cake part, the concrete punching process of described punching is as follows: first utilize punching pin to go out a dark 20mm counterbore, then evenly lubricant is brushed at the inwall of counterbore, lubricant is mixed by graphite and lard, finally by punching pin, punching is continued to described counterbore, make counterbore form Φ 280 through hole (as shown in figure 2f), the diameter of above-mentioned counterbore is less than the diameter of through hole, first goes out counterbore and prevents from pulling endoporus during punching.
4th step: first time melts down heating: as shown in Figure 3, be reentered in heating furnace by ring base and heat, make the temperature of blank with holes reach 475 DEG C, insulation 7h;
5th step: reaming: adopt open die forging saddle support reaming preparation to roll over ring ring base to ring base, first adopt the mandrel of Φ 280 to carry out saddle support reaming during reaming, saddle support carries out saddle support reaming anti-stop ring base inwall again to the mandrel changing Φ 400 during Φ 500 darker hammering.The stability of postorder being rolled over to ring has very great help.Roll over ring ring base after saddle support reaming and be of a size of Φ 1500 × 1200 × 930.
6th step: second time melts down heating: as shown in Figure 4, is reentered into the 5th step gained rolling ring ring base in heating furnace and carries out being heated to 475 DEG C, insulation 3h;
7th step: roll over ring: adopt Ring Rolling Machine to carry out rolling system to described rolling ring ring base and form aluminum alloy forge piece, Ring Rolling Machine radial feed speed is 0.7mm/s, forging can be prevented overheated on the one hand by the radial feed speed adjusting Ring Rolling Machine, end face peeling and groove can also be prevented in addition.The surface of rolling over aluminum alloy forge piece described in ring process is constantly brushed with lubricant, and after rolling over ring, this aluminum alloy forge piece is of a size of Φ 2050 × Φ 1840 × 930(race diameter/inner ring diameter/highly).
8th step: by the 9th step gained aluminum alloy forge piece air cooling to room temperature;
9th step: heat treatment: first stage: be that the aluminum alloy forge piece of room temperature is heated to 505 DEG C by temperature, solution heat treatment is carried out after insulation 7h, the detailed process of solution heat treatment is as follows: aluminum alloy forge piece is put into the water solid solution that water temperature is 70 DEG C, makes the temperature after aluminum alloy forge piece solid solution be 70 DEG C.
Second stage: by horizontal type ring rolling machine to the cold looping mill rolling of the aluminum alloy forge piece after solid solution, during cold looping mill rolling, the deflection of aluminum alloy forge piece is 0.3%, finally completes artificial aging heat treatment, and the heat treated temperature of artificial aging is 160 DEG C.
Tenth step: be machined into and require size Φ 2000* Φ 1810*930(outside dimension, internal diameter size, highly).
More than describing is explanation of the invention, and be not the restriction to invention, limited range of the present invention is see claim, and when without prejudice to basic structure of the present invention, the present invention can do any type of amendment.

Claims (7)

1. a forging molding process for high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
The first step: blanking: use aluminium cast bar is blank;
Second step: heating before forging: the first heating period: blank is placed in heating furnace, blank temperature is warming up to and is not more than 300 DEG C; Second heating period: continue slab heating-up to 470 DEG C ± 5 DEG C from the outlet temperature of described first heating period, insulation 22-28h;
3rd step: base: first stage: adopt cross upsetting pull method will heat the upsetting pull of gained blank and form cake part; Second stage: the ring base of punching formation with endoporus is carried out to described cake part;
4th step: first time melts down heating: be reentered in heating furnace by described ring base and heat, make the temperature of blank with holes reach 470 DEG C ± 5 DEG C, insulation 5-7h;
5th step: reaming: adopt open die forging saddle support reaming preparation to roll over ring ring base to described ring base;
6th step: second time melts down heating: be reentered in heating furnace by described rolling ring ring base and carry out being heated to 470 DEG C ± 5 DEG C, insulation 2-3h;
7th step: roll over ring: adopt Ring Rolling Machine to carry out rolling system to described rolling ring ring base and form aluminum alloy forge piece, Ring Rolling Machine radial feed speed is 0.6 ~ 0.7mm/s, and the surface of rolling over aluminum alloy forge piece described in ring process is constantly brushed with lubricant;
8th step: by the 9th step gained aluminum alloy forge piece air cooling to room temperature;
9th step: heat treatment: first stage: be that the aluminum alloy forge piece of room temperature is heated to 500 DEG C ± 5 DEG C by temperature, carries out solution heat treatment after insulation 5-7h; Second stage: by horizontal type ring rolling machine to the cold looping mill rolling of the aluminum alloy forge piece after solid solution, finally complete artificial aging heat treatment;
Tenth step: be machined into and require size.
2. the forging molding process of a kind of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described in the 3rd step first stage, the concrete jumping-up mode of cross By Means of Upsetting is as follows: first along Z axis, blank jumping-up is formed disk, then along X-axis, disk pulling is formed rectangle blank, again rectangle blank is formed square blank along X-axis jumping-up, square blank is pulled out again along Z axis and forms rectangle blank, then along Z axis jumping-up, cake part is formed to described rectangle blank.
3. the forging molding process of a kind of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described in the 3rd step second stage, the concrete punching process of punching is as follows: first utilize punching pin to go out counterbore to cake part, the degree of depth of described counterbore is 20-50mm, then evenly lubricant is brushed at the inwall of described counterbore, finally by punching pin, punching is continued to described counterbore, make described counterbore form through hole, the diameter of described counterbore is less than the diameter of described through hole.
4. the forging molding process of a kind of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: open die forging saddle support reaming described in the 5th step adopts the mandrel of different-diameter to divide second reaming, the diameter of first time reaming mandrel is less than the diameter of second time reaming mandrel.
5. the forging molding process of a kind of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the detailed process of the 9th step first stage solution heat treatment is as follows: aluminum alloy forge piece is put into the water solid solution that water temperature is 60 ~ 70 DEG C, make the temperature after aluminum alloy forge piece solid solution be 60 ~ 70 DEG C.
6. the forging molding process of a kind of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the 9th step second stage during Ring Rolling Machine looping mill rolling cold to aluminum alloy forge piece, the ID distortion amount of aluminum alloy forge piece is 0% ~ 0.3%, and the heat treated temperature of artificial aging is 150 ~ 160 DEG C.
7. the forging molding process of a kind of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described lubricant is mixed by graphite and lard.
CN201410573288.1A 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 A kind of forging molding process of high tubular aluminum alloy forge piece CN104438419B (en)

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