CN104438411B - Extrusion plants - Google Patents

Extrusion plants Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104438411B
CN104438411B CN 201410716995 CN201410716995A CN104438411B CN 104438411 B CN104438411 B CN 104438411B CN 201410716995 CN201410716995 CN 201410716995 CN 201410716995 A CN201410716995 A CN 201410716995A CN 104438411 B CN104438411 B CN 104438411B
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arm
radial
provided
movement
shaped arm
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CN 201410716995
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CN104438411A (en )
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林修兴
郑海亮
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杭州易钭标牌有限公司
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Abstract

本发明属于机械加工制造设备技术领域,尤其涉及一种挤压成型设备。 The present invention belongs to the technical field of mechanical processing equipment, in particular, it relates to an extrusion molding apparatus. 它解决了现有技术实用性差和效率低等技术问题。 It solves the prior art low efficiency and poor usability technical issues. 本挤压成型设备包括机架,在机架上设有若干在周向分布的径向移动成型臂,在机架与径向移动成型臂之间设有径向导向机构,各径向移动成型臂合围形成挤压成型通道,所述的径向移动成型臂与能够驱动径向移动成型臂在径向方向移动的驱动机构相连。 This extrusion molding apparatus comprises a frame provided with a plurality of radial movement of the circumferential distribution of the shaped arm on the frame, radial guide means provided between the frame and the radial movement of the shaped arm, each of the radially moving molding arm cooperatively define extrusion passage, the radial movement of the shaped arm and can be driven radially movable driving mechanism moves the shaped arm is connected in the radial direction. 与现有的技术相比,本发明优点在于:设计更合理,提高了生产效率且实用性强。 Compared with the prior art, the advantages of the present invention, wherein: a more rational design, improving production efficiency and practicability.

Description

挤压成型设备 Extrusion plants

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明属于机械加工制造设备技术领域,尤其涉及一种挤压成型设备。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of mechanical processing equipment, in particular, relates to an extrusion molding apparatus.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]随着生活水平的不断提高,在加工筒状体这样结构的部件时,例如:将筒状体挤压从而制得需要的外形,达到更加美观和立体的效果,例如扶手、围栏杆和各种桌子的桌脚等等上都具有筒状体这个部件。 [0002] With the improvement of living standards, when the processing member of such a structure of the cylindrical body, for example: the cylindrical extruded profile body needs to prepare, and to achieve a more aesthetic three-dimensional effects such as handrails, railing around and various table legs, etc. the body has a cylindrical member. 例如:麻将桌是游戏和休闲活动中必不可少的主题,麻将桌的结构包括桌面和四根桌腿,桌腿有木质结构也有金属结构,为了保证美观性,木质结构的桌腿其在表面雕刻有图案,相反现有的麻将机金属制造的桌腿一般均为圆筒状结构,其不但具有结构简单的优点,还具有制造成本低和使用寿命长的优点。 For example: mahjong table games and recreational activities is an essential theme, a mahjong table structure including desktop and four legs, legs with wooden structure with metal structure, in order to ensure the appearance of legs, its wooden structure on the surface engraved patterns, the opposite legs conventional mahjong are generally made of a metal cylindrical structure, which not only has the advantages of simple structure, but also has the advantage of low manufacturing cost and long life.

[0003]但是,现有的由金属制造的筒状体的成型加工设备其还都至少存在以下缺陷:设计不合理,成型时其效率低且成型质量较差,g卩外形的立体感差,不符合当前企业的发展要求。 [0003] However, the conventional molding apparatus for manufacturing a metal tubular body further have at least the following defects: poorly designed, low efficiency and poor quality of the molding forming, g stereoscopic shape difference Jie, does not meet the current requirements of the development of enterprises. 为此,设计一台更加实用的筒状体加工设备是非常必要的。 For this reason, to design a more practical tubular body processing equipment it is necessary.

[0004]例如,中国专利文献公开了一种“匚”字形桌脚的成型模具[申请号:201220296874.2],它包括镶嵌有“匚”字形上模芯的上模框以及镶嵌有“匚”字形下模芯的下模框,所述“匚”字形上模芯的整体为拼接结构;所述“匚”字形下模芯的整体也为拼接结构;该方案解决了现有“匚”字形桌脚的成型模具中采用整块式的模芯造成材料浪费的技术问题,直接降低了企业的生产成本,符合企业经济性发展方向。 [0004] For example, Chinese patent discloses a "contraband" shaped legs forming die [application number: 201220296874.2], which comprises a mosaic of "contraband" shaped mandrel on the die and the mounting frame of "contraband" -shaped the mandrel lower mold frame, the "contraband" shaped core of the whole mosaic structure; the whole "contraband" shaped lower mold core also mosaic structure; the solution to the existing "contraband" shaped Table mold foot monolith used in the core of wasted materials technology, which directly reduces the production costs of enterprises, enterprises in line with economic development.

[0005]虽然上述的方案在一定程度上改进了现有技术,但是该方案不仅制造成本较高,而且制造模具的难度较大,还是未能解决上述的技术问题。 [0005] Although the above scheme improves the prior art to some extent, but the program is not only higher manufacturing costs, and the difficulty of manufacturing large mold, or failed to solve the above-mentioned technical problems.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006]本发明的目的是针对上述问题,提供一种设计更合理、成型效率高且实用性强的挤压成型设备。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to solve the problem, to provide a more reasonable, practical and highly efficient molding extrusion molding apparatus.

[0007]为达到上述目的,本发明采用了下列技术方案:本挤压成型设备包括机架,在机架上设有若干在周向分布的径向移动成型臂,在机架与径向移动成型臂之间设有径向导向机构,各径向移动成型臂合围形成挤压成型通道,所述的径向移动成型臂与能够驱动径向移动成型臂在径向方向移动的驱动机构相连。 [0007] To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solutions: The extrusion apparatus comprises a frame provided with a plurality of radial movement of the circumferential distribution of the shaped arm on the frame, the radial movement of the rack the shaped arm is provided between the radial guide means, each arm cooperatively define radially moving extrusion molding passage, the radial movement of the shaped arm driving mechanism capable of radial movement of the shaped arm moves in the radial direction connected.

[0008]在本申请中,设置了径向移动成型臂结合驱动机构能够提高挤压成型效率,然后结合径向导向机构还能进一步提高运行的稳定性,不仅提高了生产效率,而且还提高了加工质量,实用性强。 [0008] In the present application, the radial movement of the shaped arm is provided in conjunction with the drive mechanism is possible to improve the efficiency of extrusion molding, and then combined with the radial guide means can further improve the stability of operation not only improves the production efficiency, but also improves the processing quality, practical.

[0009]在上述的挤压成型设备中,所述的驱动机构包括若干轴向移动臂,所述的轴向移动臂位于径向移动成型臂外侧且与径向移动成型臂一一对应设置,各轴向移动臂分别与能够驱动轴向移动臂沿轴向往复移动的驱动器相连,对应设置的轴向移动臂与径向移动成型臂分别设有相互滑动连接且倾斜方向相反的推移斜面。 [0009] In the extrusion molding apparatus, the drive mechanism includes a plurality of axial movement arm, the arm is moved axially outward movement and the radial movement of the radial arm forming molded in one-set, each of the arms is capable of axial movement of the drive arm axially movable axially reciprocating drive connected to the radial arms move axially disposed corresponding to each movement of the shaped arm provided slidably connected to each other and opposite to the inclination direction of the inclined surface goes.

[0010]在上述的挤压成型设备中,所述的径向移动成型臂与机架之间分别设有能使径向移动成型臂径向向外移动的弹性复位机构。 [0010] In the extrusion molding apparatus, the radial movement of the elastic return means are provided with radial movement of the shaped arm can move radially outwardly between the arms and the frame molding. 弹性复位机构能够提高作业效率,缩短生产周期。 Elastic return mechanism can improve the work efficiency, shorten the production cycle.

[0011]在上述的挤压成型设备中,所述的弹性复位机构包括至少一根拉簧,拉簧的一端固定在径向移动成型臂上,另一端固定在机架上。 [0011] In the extrusion molding apparatus, said elastic return means comprise at least one tension spring, one end of the tension spring is fixed radially movable shaped arm, the other end fixed to the frame.

[0012]在上述的挤压成型设备中,至少一个径向移动成型臂的内侧设有成型结构,所述的成型结构包括至少一个径向成型凸起。 [0012] In the extrusion molding apparatus, at least one radial arm is provided with mobile inner molding forming structure, said forming structure comprises at least one radial projection forming. 在成型时径向成型凸起有对工件进行轴向定位的作用,利用径向成型凸起就能实现工件在挤压成型时的轴向定位。 When forming a shaped radial projection has a workpiece acting axially positioned, can be achieved by the radial projection forming axial positioning of the workpiece during extrusion.

[0013]在上述的挤压成型设备中,所述的成型结构还包括设置在径向移动成型臂内侧且沿着径向移动成型臂轴向延伸的成型槽,所述的径向成型凸起设置在成型槽内且径向成型凸起的上部露出于成型槽外。 [0013] In the extrusion molding apparatus, the mold structure further comprises a radially inner and a mobile shaped arm moves axially shaped grooves forming the radially extending arm, said radial protrusion forming and radially disposed groove forming convex shaped upper portion exposed to the outer groove molding.

[0014]在上述的挤压成型设备中,所述的机架包括至少两块中心具有通孔的安装板且各通孔的中心线位于同一直线上,各安装板相互平行设置且固连在一起,所述的径向移动成型臂和轴向移动臂分别穿设于安装板中,在最前端和最后端的安装板外侧分别固定有能防止径向移动成型臂轴向移动且不干涉轴向移动臂轴向移动的定位板,所述的径向导向机构设置在安装板和径向移动成型臂之间。 [0014] In the extrusion molding apparatus, comprising at least two of said frame mounting plate having a central through-hole and the center line of the through holes on the same line, each of the mounting plates disposed parallel to each other and secured in together, the radial movement of the shaped arm and axial movement of the arms is provided through the mounting plate, the outermost distal end of the mounting plate and last are fixed against radial movement of the shaped arm can be moved axially and non-interference in the axial direction axially moving arm movable positioning plate, said radial guide means disposed between the mounting plate shaped arm and radial movement.

[0015]在上述的挤压成型设备中,所述的径向导向机构包括分别开设于各个安装板上的若干导向槽,每一安装板上的各个导向槽分别与该安装板的通孔相连通,每一导向槽分别穿设有上述对应设置的轴向移动臂与径向移动成型臂。 [0015] In the extrusion molding apparatus, said radial guide means comprising a plurality of guide grooves are each opened in the mounting plate, each of the guide grooves each mounting plate is connected to the through hole of the mounting plate, respectively, through each of the guide grooves are respectively bored axially movable arms provided corresponding to the radial direction of the movement of the shaped arm.

[0016] 在上述的挤压成型设备中,所述的驱动器为液压缸,在液压缸的活塞杆上固定有驱动板,所述的轴向移动臂分别通过可拆卸结构与驱动板相连。 [0016] In the extrusion molding apparatus, the drive is a hydraulic cylinder, the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder is fixed to the drive plate, the axial movement of the arms respectively connected to the drive plate by a removable structure.

[0017]在上述的挤压成型设备中,所述的机架与驱动板之间设有用于控制驱动板行程的行程控制结构。 [0017] In the extrusion molding apparatus provided with a control structure for controlling the stroke travel of the drive plate between said frame and the drive plate.

[0018]在上述的挤压成型设备中,所述的挤压成型通道的进料端设有进料装置,该进料装置包括具有进料通道的进料架体,进料通道的一端与挤压成型通道连通,另一端为进料口,进料架体一端与机架相连,另一端悬空;该进料架体包括两块对应设置且均呈半圆环形状的弧形定位块,在两块弧形定位块之间设有若干连接杆体,且所述的连接杆体合围形成所述的进料通道。 [0018] In the extrusion molding apparatus, the feed end of the extruded feed passage means is provided, which feed means includes a feed frame body having a feed passage, one end of the feed channel extrusion passage, the other end of the feed inlet, connected to one end of the rack into the rack, and the other end hanging; of the feed frame body comprises two half showed a corresponding annular shape and disposed arcuate positioning block, a plurality of connecting rods between the two arcuate positioning block, and said connecting rod body cooperatively define the feed passage.

[0019]在上述的挤压成型设备中,在每个导向槽内设有位于轴向移动臂外侧的导向块,导向块固定在导向槽内内且与轴向移动臂滑动相连;在每根轴向移动臂上分别设有第一滑动平面,在每根导向块上分别设有与第一滑动平面相吻合的第二滑动平面。 [0019] In the extrusion molding apparatus, in each guide groove is provided at an axially outward movement of the guide arm piece and axially slidably connected to a guide block fixed to the mobile arm in the guide groove; in each axial movement of the sliding arm are respectively provided with a first plane, a second sliding surface are provided with the first sliding plane coincide on each guide block. 第一滑动平面和第二滑动平面滑动相连的配合结构可以进一步保证移动的稳定性。 A first mating structure and the second sliding surface slidably coupled to the sliding plane may be moved further ensure stability.

[0020]在上述的挤压成型设备中,在径向移动成型臂上设有若干间隔设置的定位孔,所述的径向成型凸起通过紧固件在定位孔上。 [0020] In the extrusion molding apparatus, the movement arm is provided with positioning holes forming a plurality of spaced apart radially, said radial projection formed by a fastener in the positioning hole.

[0021]与现有的技术相比,本挤压成型设备的优点在于:1、设计更合理,设置了径向移动成型臂结合驱动机构能够提高挤压成型效率,然后结合径向导向机构还能进一步提高运行的稳定性,不仅提高了生产效率,而且还提高了加工质量,实用性强;2、结构简单且易于制造;3、使用寿命长。 Advantages [0021] Compared with the prior art, the extrusion apparatus comprising: 1, more rational design, the radial movement of the shaped arm is provided in conjunction with the drive mechanism is possible to improve the efficiency of extrusion molding, and then combined radial guide mechanism further can further improve the stability of operation not only improves the production efficiency, but also improve the processing quality, practical; 2, simple structure and easy to manufacture; 3, long service life.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022]图1是本发明提供的爆炸结构示意图。 [0022] FIG. 1 is an exploded view of the structure of the present invention is provided.

[0023]图2是本发明提供的局部结构示意图。 [0023] FIG. 2 is a partial schematic view of the present disclosure.

[0024]图3是本发明提供的结构示意图。 [0024] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention is provided.

[0025]图4是本发明提供的径向移动成型臂结构示意图。 [0025] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a radial arm structure forming the present invention provides a mobile.

[0026]图5是本发明提供的被加工件结构示意图。 [0026] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention, the workpiece is provided.

[0027]图6是本发明提供的被加工件完成成型加工后的结构示意图。 [0027] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure after forming of the workpiece is completed by the present invention.

[0028]图中,机架1、安装板11、通孔11a、定位板12、径向移动成型臂2、径向成型凸起21、成型槽22、定位孔23、紧固件24、径向导向机构3、导向槽31、驱动机构4、轴向移动臂41、定位卡口41a、第一滑动平面41b、驱动器42、推移斜面43、驱动板45、防脱件45a、行程控制结构46、行程控制绳46a、转动轮46b、弹性复位机构5、拉簧51、进料装置6、进料架体61、弧形定位块6 Ia、连接杆体6 Ib、导向块7、第二滑动平面71、挤压成型通道a。 [0028] FIG., The frame 1, a mounting plate 11, a through hole 11a, the positioning plate 12, the radial arms 2 move molding, molding the radial projections 21, 22 forming the groove, the positioning hole 23, the fastener 24, the diameter 3 to the guide means, the guide groove 31, the drive mechanism 4, the axial movement of the arm 41, the positioning tabs 41a, the first sliding surface 41b, the driver 42, the inclined surface 43 goes on, the drive plate 45, the retaining member 45a, a control structure of the stroke 46 stroke control strings 46a, rotation of the wheel 46b, the elastic return mechanism 5, the tension spring 51, the feed means 6, the feed frame body 61, the positioning block 6 arcuate Ia, Ib connecting rod 6, the guide block 7, a second sliding surface 71, extrusion channel a.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0029]下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明做进一步详细的说明。 [0029] The present invention will be further described in detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0030]如图1-4所示,本挤压成型设备包括机架I,在机架I上设有若干在周向分布的径向移动成型臂2,在机架I与径向移动成型臂2之间设有径向导向机构3,各径向移动成型臂2合围形成挤压成型通道a,所述的径向移动成型臂2与能够驱动径向移动成型臂2在径向方向移动的驱动机构4相连。 [0030] shown in Figure 1-4, the present extrusion molding apparatus comprises a frame I, provided with a plurality of radial movement of the circumferential distribution of the shaped arm 2 on the frame I, and the radial movement of the rack molding I guide means provided radially between the arms 23, each of the radial movement of the shaped arm 2 cooperatively define extrusion channel a, the radial movement of the shaped arm 2 and the drive can be moved radially shaped arm 2 is moved in the radial direction 4 is connected to a drive mechanism.

[0031]具体地,本实施例的驱动机构4包括若干轴向移动臂41,所述的轴向移动臂41位于径向移动成型臂2外侧且与径向移动成型臂2—一对应设置,各轴向移动臂41分别与能够驱动轴向移动臂41沿轴向往复移动的驱动器42相连,对应设置的轴向移动臂41与径向移动成型臂2分别设有相互滑动连接且倾斜方向相反的推移斜面43。 [0031] Specifically, the drive mechanism 4 according to the present embodiment includes a plurality of arms 41 move axially, axial movement of the arm 41 is located radially outward movement of the shaped arm 2 and the radial movement of the shaped arm provided corresponding to a 2-, each axial movement of arms 41 and 41 are axially movable drive shaft capable of reciprocating drive arm 42 is connected, corresponding to the axial movement of the arm 41 is moved and disposed radially slidably shaped arm 2 are connected to each other and provided with opposite inclination direction Over 43 of the slope. 推移斜面43上设有储油槽,保证滑动的稳定和平顺性。 Sump passage is provided on the inclined surface 43, to ensure the stability and smoothness of sliding.

[0032]在径向移动成型臂2与机架I之间分别设有能使径向移动成型臂2径向向外移动的弹性复位机构5。 [0032] radially movable in the frame between the shaped arm 2 and I 5 are respectively provided with elastic return means formed radially outward movement of the arm 2 can move radially. 具体地,本实施例的弹性复位机构5包括至少一根拉簧51,拉簧51的一端固定在径向移动成型臂2上,另一端固定在机架I上。 In particular elastic return means, the present embodiment 5 comprises at least a tension spring 51, one end of the tension spring 51 is fixed to the radial movement of the shaped arm 2, and the other end fixed to the frame I.

[0033]优化方案,在本实施例的至少一个径向移动成型臂2的内侧设有成型结构,这里的成型结构包括至少一个径向成型凸起21。 [0033] The optimization program, at least in this embodiment a radially inner mobile shaped arm 2 is provided with a mold structure, here forming structure comprises at least one radial protrusion 21 formed. 在成型时径向成型凸起21有对工件进行轴向定位的作用,利用径向成型凸起就能实现工件在挤压成型时的轴向定位。 When forming a shaped radial projections 21 have effect axial positioning of the workpiece, can be achieved by the radial projection forming axial positioning of the workpiece during extrusion.

[0034]其次,成型结构还包括设置在径向移动成型臂2内侧且沿着径向移动成型臂2轴向延伸的成型槽22,所述的径向成型凸起21设置在成型槽22内且径向成型凸起21的上部露出于成型槽22外。 [0034] Next, the structure further comprises forming the shaped arm 2 disposed radially moving molding groove forming the inner and the mobile arm 2 extending axially along a radial 22, forming the radially inner projection 21 is provided in the molding groove 22 and radially shaped projection 21 is exposed to the upper outer groove 22 formed. 该结构的优点在于:能够使成型的产品具有更好的立体感,美观性更好。 An advantage of this structure is that: the molded product can be better stereoscopic effect, and better aesthetics. 在径向移动成型臂上设有若干间隔设置的定位孔23,所述的径向成型凸起通过紧固件24在定位孔上。 Shaped arm is provided with radially movable in a plurality of spaced positioning holes 23, the radial projection formed by a fastener 24 on the positioning hole.

[0035]优化方案,本实施例的机架I包括至少两块中心具有通孔Ila的安装板11且各通孔Ila的中心线位于同一直线上,各安装板11相互平行设置且固连在一起,所述的径向移动成型臂2和轴向移动臂41分别穿设于安装板11中,在最前端和最后端的安装板11外侧分别固定有能防止径向移动成型臂2轴向移动且不干涉轴向移动臂41轴向移动的定位板12,所述的径向导向机构3设置在安装板11和径向移动成型臂2之间。 [0035] The optimization scheme, the frame of the present embodiment includes at least two I having a central through hole 11 and center lines of through holes Ila Ila mounting plate on the same line, each of the mounting plates 11 arranged parallel to each other and secured in together, the radial movement of the shaped arm 2 and movable arm 41 are axially disposed through the mounting plate 11, and finally the outermost distal end of the mounting plate 11 are fixed against axial movement can be radially movable shaped arms 2 and does not interfere with axial movement of the arm 41 axially movable positioning plate 12, the radial guide means 3 is provided in the mounting plate 11 and radial movement between the shaped arm 2.

[0036]具体地,径向导向机构3包括分别开设于各个安装板11上的若干导向槽31,每一安装板11上的各个导向槽31分别与该安装板11的通孔Ila相连通,每一导向槽31分别穿设有上述对应设置的轴向移动臂41与径向移动成型臂2。 [0036] Specifically, radial guide means 3 comprises a plurality of guide grooves are opened to 31 on each mounting plate 11, each mounting plate 11 on the respective guide grooves 31 are communicated with the through hole of the mounting plate 11 Ila, each guide groove 31, respectively, through an axial movement of the arm 41 provided with said corresponding radial movement of the shaped arm 2. 在每个导向槽31内设有位于轴向移动臂4外侧的导向块7,导向块7固定在导向槽31内内且与轴向移动臂4滑动相连。 4 there is positioned axially outward movement of the arm 7 in the guide block 31 guide groove for each site, and is connected to an axial movement of the inner arm 7 is fixed in the guide block 31 guide groove 4 slides. 在每根轴向移动臂41上分别设有第一滑动平面41b,在每根导向块7上分别设有与第一滑动平面相吻合的第二滑动平面71。 On each axial movement of the arm 41 are respectively provided with a first sliding surface 41b, on each of the guide blocks are provided with a second sliding surface 7 the first sliding plane 71 coincides. 第一滑动平面和第二滑动平面滑动相连的配合结构可以进一步保证移动的稳定性。 A first mating structure and the second sliding surface slidably coupled to the sliding plane may be moved further ensure stability.

[0037]另外,本实施例的驱动器42为液压缸,在液压缸的活塞杆44上固定有驱动板45,所述的轴向移动臂41分别通过可拆卸结构与驱动板45相连。 [0037] Further, the driver 42 of the present embodiment is a hydraulic cylinder, the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder 44 is fixed to the drive plate 45, the axial movement of the arm 41 are connected through the drive plate 45 and the removable structure. 可拆卸结构包括设置在轴向移动臂41靠近驱动板45的一端且呈T字形的定位卡口41a,在驱动板上设有呈T字形且设于定位卡口中的防脱件45a。 Comprising a removable structure provided at one end close to the axial movement of the arm 41 and the drive plate 45 is positioned a T-shaped bayonet 41a, the drive plate is provided with a T-shape and is provided on the positioning of the bayonet retaining member 45a.

[0038]在机架I与驱动板45之间设有用于控制驱动板45行程的行程控制结构46。 [0038] The plate 45 is provided for controlling the drive stroke travel control structures between the frame 46 and the drive plate 45 I. 行程控制结构46包括设置在机架I与驱动板45之间的行程控制绳46a,行程控制绳46a的一端连接在驱动板45上,另一端连接在机架I的转动轮46b上。 Stroke control rope structure 46 comprises a travel control is disposed between the frame and the drive plate 45 I 46a, one end of the stroke control cord 46a is connected to the drive plate 45, the other end 46b is connected to the chassis I of the rotating wheel.

[0039]在挤压成型通道a的进料端设有进料装置6,该进料装置6包括具有进料通道的进料架体61,进料通道的一端与挤压成型通道a连通,另一端为进料口,进料架体61—端与机架I相连,另一端悬空。 [0039] In the feed end of the extrusion passage is provided with a feeding device 6, the feed means includes a feed frame body 6 having a feed passage 61, one end of the feed channel a communication channel extruded, the other end of the feed inlet, the feed end of the chassis frame body 61- I connected to the other end of the hanging.

[0040]具体地,本实施例的进料架体61包括两块对应设置且均呈半圆环形状的弧形定位块61a,在两块弧形定位块61a之间设有若干连接杆体61b,且所述的连接杆体61b合围形成所述的进料通道。 [0040] Specifically, the feed frame 61 of this embodiment comprises two semicircular ring showed a corresponding shape and disposed arcuate positioning block 61a, is provided between two positioning blocks 61a a plurality of arcuate connecting rod 61b and said connecting rod 61b cooperatively define the feed channel.

[0041]本实施例的工作原理如下:被加工件从挤压成型通道a的进料端进入,然后驱动器42驱动轴向移动臂41向挤压成型通道a的进料端移动,与轴向移动臂41相互滑动连接的径向移动成型臂2不断径向向内移动,即完成挤压成型作业,当挤压成型作业完成后,轴向移动臂41回移,弹性复位机构5使径向移动成型臂2径向向外移动复位。 Working Principle [0041] The present embodiment is as follows: into the workpiece from the feed end of a compression molding passage, and the drive 42 drives axial movement of the arm 41 is moved to the feed end of a passage of extruded, the axial radially moving each arm 41 slidably connected to the continuous movement of the shaped arm 2 moves radially inward, i.e. the extrusion molding operation is completed, after the extrusion molding operation is completed, the mobile arm 41 is moved back axially, radially elastic return mechanism 5 moving the shaped arm 2 to move radially outwardly reset. 如图5-6所示,被加工件的状态图。 As shown in FIG 5-6, a state of the workpiece of FIG.

[0042]本实施例的挤压成型设备可以应用于包括扶手、栏杆和麻将桌腿等等产品上。 [0042] The extrusion molding apparatus of the present embodiment may be applied include an upper handrail, railing mahjong table legs and the like products.

[0043]本文中所描述的具体实施例仅仅是对本发明精神作举例说明。 Specific Example [0043] described herein is merely illustrative for spirit of the invention. 本发明所属技术领域的技术人员可以对所描述的具体实施例做各种各样的修改或补充或采用类似的方式替代,但并不会偏离本发明的精神或者超越所附权利要求书所定义的范围。 Those skilled in the art of the present invention can be made to the specific embodiments described various modifications or additions, or a similar alternative embodiment, but without departing from the spirit of the invention or exceed defined in the appended claims range.

[0044]尽管本文较多地使用了机架1、安装板11、通孔11a、定位板12、径向移动成型臂2、径向成型凸起21、成型槽22、定位孔23、紧固件24、径向导向机构3、导向槽31、驱动机构4、轴向移动臂41、定位卡口41a、第一滑动平面41b、驱动器42、推移斜面43、驱动板45、防脱件45a、行程控制结构46、行程控制绳46a、转动轮46b、弹性复位机构5、拉簧51、进料装置6、进料架体61、弧形定位块61a、连接杆体61b、导向块7、第二滑动平面71、挤压成型通道a等术语,但并不排除使用其它术语的可能性。 [0044] While the terms are used herein, a rack, the mounting plate 11, a through hole 11a, the positioning plate 12, the radial arms 2 move molding, molding the radial projections 21, 22 forming the groove, the positioning holes 23, the fastening 24, radial guide means 3, the guide groove 31, the drive mechanism 4, the axial movement of the arm 41, the positioning tabs 41a, the first sliding surface 41b, the driver 42, the inclined surface 43 goes on, the drive plate 45, the retaining member 45a, stroke control structure 46, the stroke control strings 46a, rotation of the wheel 46b, the elastic return mechanism 5, the tension spring 51, the feed means 6, the feed rack 61, an arcuate positioning blocks 61a, 61b connected to the rod, the guide block 7, a second the sliding plane 71, a channel extrusion molding and like terms, but do not exclude the possibility of using other terminology. 使用这些术语仅仅是为了更方便地描述和解释本发明的本质;把它们解释成任何一种附加的限制都是与本发明精神相违背的。 These terms are only used to make it easier to describe and explain the essence of the present invention; interprets them into any additional restrictions are contrary to the spirit of the invention.

Claims (9)

  1. 1.一种挤压成型设备,包括机架(I),其特征在于,所述的机架(I)上设有若干在周向分布的径向移动成型臂(2),在机架(I)与径向移动成型臂(2)之间设有径向导向机构(3),各径向移动成型臂(2)合围形成挤压成型通道(a),所述的径向移动成型臂(2)与能够驱动径向移动成型臂(2)在径向方向移动的驱动机构(4)相连,所述的驱动机构(4)包括若干轴向移动臂(41),所述的轴向移动臂(41)位于径向移动成型臂(2)外侧且与径向移动成型臂(2)一一对应设置,各轴向移动臂(41)分别与能够驱动轴向移动臂(41)沿轴向往复移动的驱动器(42)相连,对应设置的轴向移动臂(41)与径向移动成型臂(2)分别设有相互滑动连接且倾斜方向相反的推移斜面(43)。 An extrusion molding apparatus, comprising a frame (the I), wherein said frame is provided with a plurality of radial movement of the circumferential distribution forming arm (I) (2), the rack ( I) with the radial movement of the shaped arm is provided with radial guide means (3) (2), each of the radial movement of the shaped arm (2) cooperatively define extrusion passage (a), the radial movement of the shaped arm (2) capable of radially moving molding driving arm (2) driving mechanism (4) moves in the radial direction connected to said drive means (4) comprises a plurality of axial movement of the arm (41), the axial a moving arm (41) is radially movable shaped arms (2) and radially outward movement of the shaped arm (2) arranged one correspondence, each of the axial movement of the arms (41) are capable of axial movement drive arm (41) along the axially reciprocating drive (42) connected to an axial movement of the arm (41) provided in correspondence to the radial movement of the shaped arm (2) are provided slidably connected to each other and opposite to the inclination direction transition ramp (43).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的挤压成型设备,其特征在于,所述的径向移动成型臂(2)与机架(I)之间分别设有能使径向移动成型臂(2)径向向外移动的弹性复位机构(5)。 2. The extrusion molding apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said radial movement are provided between the forming arms (2) and the frame (I) enables radial movement of the shaped arm (2) elastic return means to move radially outward (5).
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的挤压成型设备,其特征在于,所述的弹性复位机构(5)包括至少一根拉簧(51),拉簧(51)的一端固定在径向移动成型臂(2)上,另一端固定在机架(I)上。 3. The extrusion molding apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that said elastic return means (5) comprises at least one tension spring (51), one end of a tension spring (51) is fixed radially moving molding upper arm (2), and the other end fixed to the frame (I).
  4. 4.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的挤压成型设备,其特征在于,至少一个径向移动成型臂(2)的内侧设有成型结构,所述的成型结构包括至少一个径向成型凸起(21)。 The extrusion apparatus of claim 1 or 2 or as claimed in claim 3, wherein the at least one radial movement of the inner forming arm (2) is provided with a mold structure, the forming structure comprises at least one radial molding projections (21).
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的挤压成型设备,其特征在于,所述的成型结构还包括设置在径向移动成型臂(2)内侧且沿着径向移动成型臂(2)轴向延伸的成型槽(22),所述的径向成型凸起(21)设置在成型槽(22)内且径向成型凸起(21)的上部露出于成型槽(22)外。 The extrusion apparatus according to claim 4, wherein said structure further comprises forming (2) disposed inside the shaped arm to move radially along the radial direction and moves the shaped arm (2) extending axially shaped grooves (22), forming the radial projection (21) disposed in the molding grooves (22) and radially shaped projection (21) exposed to the upper portion of the molding grooves (22) outside.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的挤压成型设备,其特征在于,所述的机架(I)包括至少两块中心具有通孔(Ila)的安装板(11)且各通孔(Ila)的中心线位于同一直线上,各安装板(11)相互平行设置且固连在一起,所述的径向移动成型臂(2)和轴向移动臂(41)分别穿设于安装板(11)中,在最前端和最后端的安装板(II)外侧分别固定有能防止径向移动成型臂(2)轴向移动且不干涉轴向移动臂(41)轴向移动的定位板(12),所述的径向导向机构(3)设置在安装板(11)和径向移动成型臂(2)之间。 The extrusion apparatus of claim 1 or 2 or as claimed in claim 3, wherein said frame (I) comprises at least two having a central through hole (Ila) a mounting plate (11) and each pass centerline hole (Ila) is on the same line, each of the mounting plate (11) arranged parallel to each other and secured together by a radial movement of the shaped arm (2) and an axial movement of the arm (41) are disposed through a mounting plate (11), the most distal end of the mounting plate and the final (II) are respectively fixed to the outside can be prevented from moving axially movable radially shaped arm (2) to interfere with the axial movement of the arm (41) movable axially positioned plate (12), said radial guide means (3) provided in the mounting plate (11) and radial movement between the shaped arm (2).
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的挤压成型设备,其特征在于,所述的径向导向机构(3)包括分别开设于各个安装板(11)上的若干导向槽(31),每一安装板(11)上的各个导向槽(31)分别与该安装板(11)的通孔(Ila)相连通,每一导向槽(31)分别穿设有上述对应设置的轴向移动臂(41)与径向移动成型臂(2)。 The extrusion apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said radial guide means (3) comprises a respective mounting plate are opened in a plurality of guide grooves (31) (11), each mounting a through hole (Ila) on board respective guide grooves (11) (31) respectively the mounting plate (11) in communication, each of the guide grooves (31) are respectively provided with through axial movement of said corresponding set of arms (41 ) with the radial movement of the shaped arm (2).
  8. 8.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的挤压成型设备,其特征在于,所述的驱动器(42)为液压缸,在液压缸的活塞杆(44)上固定有驱动板(45),所述的轴向移动臂(41)分别通过可拆卸结构与驱动板(45)相连。 The extrusion apparatus of claim 1 or 2 or as claimed in claim 3, wherein said actuator (42) is a hydraulic cylinder, the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder (44) fixed to the drive plate (45) the axial movement of the arm (41) are connected by a removable drive plate structure (45).
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的挤压成型设备,其特征在于,所述的机架(I)与驱动板(45)之间设有用于控制驱动板(45)行程的行程控制结构(46)。 9. The extrusion molding apparatus according to claim 8, characterized in that, the stroke control structure is provided for controlling the drive plate (45) stroke (between the chassis 46 (I) with the drive plate (45) ).
CN 201410716995 2014-12-01 2014-12-01 Extrusion plants CN104438411B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5062285A (en) * 1989-11-09 1991-11-05 Horst Groos Horizontal metal extrusion press
DE4220079A1 (en) * 1992-06-19 1993-12-23 Schuler Gmbh L An apparatus for replacement and adjustment of a tool in the tool installation space a press
CN201760460U (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-03-16 中国核电工程有限公司 Pressure mold for processing cylindrical workpiece
CN202185470U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-04-11 瑞标集团有限公司 Special machining die for ditch grooves on locking pin of gearbox
CN202387758U (en) * 2011-12-28 2012-08-22 莱芜钢铁集团淄博锚链有限公司 Extrusion forming device for anchor chain crosspiece
CN204262080U (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-15 杭州易钭标牌有限公司 Extrusion forming apparatus

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5062285A (en) * 1989-11-09 1991-11-05 Horst Groos Horizontal metal extrusion press
DE4220079A1 (en) * 1992-06-19 1993-12-23 Schuler Gmbh L An apparatus for replacement and adjustment of a tool in the tool installation space a press
CN201760460U (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-03-16 中国核电工程有限公司 Pressure mold for processing cylindrical workpiece
CN202185470U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-04-11 瑞标集团有限公司 Special machining die for ditch grooves on locking pin of gearbox
CN202387758U (en) * 2011-12-28 2012-08-22 莱芜钢铁集团淄博锚链有限公司 Extrusion forming device for anchor chain crosspiece
CN204262080U (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-15 杭州易钭标牌有限公司 Extrusion forming apparatus

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