CN104436939B - Liquid throwing device - Google Patents

Liquid throwing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104436939B
CN104436939B CN201410658570.XA CN201410658570A CN104436939B CN 104436939 B CN104436939 B CN 104436939B CN 201410658570 A CN201410658570 A CN 201410658570A CN 104436939 B CN104436939 B CN 104436939B
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China
Prior art keywords
liquid
rid
dimensional
drop
rotating shaft
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CN104436939A (en
Inventor
秦毅
赵龙
杨中宇
李日宗
商志刚
陈梦
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Weifu Environmental Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd.
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赵龙
秦毅
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D61/00Processes of separation using semi-permeable membranes, e.g. dialysis, osmosis, ultrafiltration; Apparatus, accessories or auxiliary operations specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/16Apparatus having rotary means, other than rotatable nozzles, for atomising the cleaning liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/004Combinations of devices relating to groups B01D45/00 and B01D47/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of liquid throwing device, the liquid throwing device includes:Get rid of liquid component, it is described get rid of liquid component and be configured to feed to the liquid for getting rid of liquid component be converted into the three-dimensional liquid to be formed in the three dimensions got rid of where liquid component, the three-dimensional liquid includes at least one in three-dimensional drop and three-dimensional liquid film, the three-dimensional drop is made up of one or more particle diameter drops with predetermined distribution pattern, and the three-dimensional liquid film is got rid of the liquid film on liquid component and constituted by being formed described.According to the liquid throwing device of the present invention, the three-dimensional drop and/or three-dimensional liquid film being distributed according to preassigned pattern can be produced, that is the three-dimensional drop that is distributed in an orderly manner with predetermined distribution pattern can be produced and the three-dimensional liquid film that is distributed in an orderly manner with predetermined state and distribution pattern at least one so that comprehensively, pointedly, effectively, quickly realize purification and other effects.

Description

Liquid throwing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to cleaning equipment field, more particularly, to a kind of liquid throwing device.
Background technology
Pointed out in correlation technique, the droplet of different-grain diameter has higher to the pollutant of different-grain diameter size in wet dedusting Removal efficiency, that is to say, that the pollutant of each particle diameter all corresponds to a kind of purification droplet of optimum grain-diameter, but correlation technique In purification method in, the drop for purification can not produce specific grain size distribution pattern and particle size distribution can not Accurately controlled as required, for example, implementing net in correlation technique frequently with 500 microns of drops to 1000 microns Change, the particle size distribution range of drop is smaller, and the removal efficiency to below PM10 particulate matters and foreign gas molecule is relatively low.In addition, In purification method in correlation technique, the liquid film for purification is also two-dimentional liquid film, and Spatial Distribution Pattern is fixed, movement velocity Slowly, and the direction of motion is non-adjustable, fully it can not so be interacted with pollutant, clean-up effect is bad.In summary, it is related Wet cleaner in technology can not take into account well more than 10 microns larger particles pollutant and less than 10 microns respiration dusts And the removal effect of foreign gas, in addition, being not readily dissolved in particulate pollutant, drop pollutant, the gas of purification liquid for some Body pollution thing etc., clean-up effect is poor.
The content of the invention
It is contemplated that at least solving one of technical problem present in prior art.Therefore, the invention reside in propose one Liquid throwing device is planted, the liquid throwing device can produce the three-dimensional drop and/or three-dimensional liquid film being distributed according to preassigned pattern.
According to the liquid throwing device of the present invention, including:Get rid of liquid component, it is described get rid of liquid component and be configured to feed to described get rid of liquid The liquid of component is converted into the three-dimensional liquid to be formed in the three dimensions got rid of where liquid component, and the three-dimensional liquid includes Three-dimensional drop and at least one in three-dimensional liquid film, the three-dimensional drop is by one or more particle diameter drops with predetermined Distribution pattern is constituted, and the three-dimensional liquid film is got rid of the liquid film on liquid component and constituted by being formed described.
According to the liquid throwing device of the present invention, the three-dimensional drop and/or three-dimensional liquid being distributed according to preassigned pattern can be produced Film, that is to say, that the three-dimensional drop that is distributed in an orderly manner with predetermined distribution pattern can be produced and with predetermined state and distribution At least one in three-dimensional liquid film that pattern is distributed in an orderly manner, so as to comprehensively, pointedly, effectively, quickly realize Clean-up effect.
Specifically, the liquid component that gets rid of includes rotating shaft and at least one liquid throwing plate, and at least one described liquid throwing plate is detachable Ground is connected in the rotating shaft, wherein at least one described liquid throwing plate is rotatable around the central axis of the rotating shaft, the rotation Axis is the central axis of the rotating shaft.
Specifically, the liquid throwing plate is spaced apart distribution for multiple and the multiple liquid throwing plate in the axial direction of the rotating shaft, At least two area in the multiple liquid throwing plate is unequal.
Specifically, each liquid throwing plate is pyramidal structure or disk.
Specifically, at least part surface of each liquid throwing plate is formed as mat surface.
Specifically, each liquid throwing plate is loose and porous structure, netted lamellar structure or foliation structure.
Specifically, the liquid component that gets rid of gets rid of liquid brush including rotating shaft with least one, and each liquid brush that gets rid of includes multiple brushes Hair, it is described at least one get rid of liquid brush and be detachably connected in the rotating shaft, wherein it is described at least one get rid of liquid brush around described turn The central axis of axle is rotatable, and the rotation axis is the central axis of the rotating shaft.
Specifically, it is the multiple get rid of in liquid brush at least two described in get rid of liquid brush the bristle size and/or structure It is different.
Specifically, it is each described to get rid of the size of bristle described at least two of liquid brush and/or structure difference.
Specifically, the rotating shaft is formed as being formed with multiple liquid-through holes in hollow tubular, the rotating shaft so that the liquid Thrown away by the multiple liquid-through hole.
The additional aspect and advantage of the present invention will be set forth in part in the description, and will partly become from the following description Obtain substantially, or recognized by the practice of the present invention.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of liquid throwing plate according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the profile of the liquid throwing plate shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of liquid throwing plate in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the liquid throwing plate according to further embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram according to an embodiment of the invention for getting rid of liquid brush;
Fig. 6 is the profile for getting rid of liquid brush shown in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention for getting rid of liquid brush;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram for getting rid of liquid brush according to further embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of rotating shaft according to an embodiment of the invention;
Figure 10 is that liquid throwing device according to embodiments of the present invention is used for the schematic diagram of air purifier.
Reference:
1000:Air purifier;
100:Liquid throwing device;101:Liquid throwing plate;102:Get rid of liquid brush;1021:Bristle;1031:Liquid-through hole;
201:Shell;202:Bottom plate;203:Universal wheel;204:Inner casing;205:Upper spacer;206:Lower clapboard;207:Return liquid Mouthful;2071:Liquid back pipe;208:Air inlet;2081:Air inlet net;209:Air outlet;210:Get rid of liquid space;210A:Three-dimensional drop ;210B:Three-dimensional liquid film;211:Air intake passage;212:Connected entrance;213:Support;
301:Reservoir;3011:Slide fastener;3012:Neck;303:Inlet;304:Purifying net;305:Reclaim chamber;306: Feed flow chamber;307:Tapping valve;308:External liquid feed valve;309:External feed tube;
500:Wind deflector;
601:Feed pipe;602:Sub- feed pipe;603:Liquid pump;604:Magnetic valve;605:Pipette;606:Liquid distribution Device;
701:Gas-liquid separator;702:Fan;
800:Power supply module;801:Power line;
901:Direct current generator;902:Alternating current generator;903:Bearing.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are described below in detail, the example of the embodiment is shown in the drawings, wherein from beginning to end Same or similar label represents same or similar element or the element with same or like function.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, it is intended to for explaining the present invention, and be not considered as limiting the invention.
Following disclosure provides many different embodiments or example is used for realizing the different structure of the present invention.For letter Change disclosure of the invention, hereinafter the part and setting of specific examples are described.Certainly, they are only merely illustrative, and Purpose does not lie in the limitation present invention.In addition, the present invention can in different examples repeat reference numerals and/or letter.It is this heavy It is the relation between itself not indicating discussed various embodiments and/or setting for purposes of simplicity and clarity again.This Outside, the invention provides various specific techniques and material example, but those of ordinary skill in the art can be appreciated that The applicable property of other techniques and/or the use of other materials.
Liquid throwing device 100 according to embodiments of the present invention is described below with reference to Fig. 1-Figure 10.
As shown in figure 1, liquid throwing device 100 according to embodiments of the present invention, including:Get rid of liquid component.
Specifically, getting rid of liquid component can be rotatable around rotation axis.Wherein, rotation axis can revolve through liquid component is got rid of Shaft axis can also be not passed through getting rid of liquid component, when rotation axis, which is passed through, gets rid of liquid component, and getting rid of liquid component can be around rotation axis certainly Turn, when rotation axis is not passed through getting rid of liquid component, getting rid of liquid component can be around rotation axis revolution, and gets rid of liquid component around rotation Axis can be with rotation while revolution.Here, it is necessary to which explanation, " rotation " refers to that object passes through itself along one Axis carry out autorotation motion, the spinning motion of such as earth;" revolution " refers to object around another object The rotary motion of (can be virtual article, such as rotation axis), and object can scan out a song during rotation The circumsolar revolution motion of line, such as earth.Certainly, the invention is not restricted to this, getting rid of liquid component can not also can around rotation axis Rotate, it can be atomizer described below for example to get rid of liquid component.
Further, get rid of liquid component and be configured to that the liquid that gets rid of liquid component will be fed to and be converted into be formed where liquid component is got rid of Three dimensions in three-dimensional liquid.That is, liquid throwing device 100 is during work, exists and supply to getting rid of liquid component The liquid given, these liquid being supplied to can be converted into three-dimensional liquid during the rotation of liquid component is got rid of by getting rid of liquid component , three-dimensional liquid is formed in the three dimensions where getting rid of liquid component, and " three dimensions " described below refers to get rid of liquid group Three dimensions where part.
For example, in some specific examples of the present invention, during getting rid of the rotation of liquid component, external feed flow can be passed through Device, to liquid component offer liquid such as water is got rid of such as external feed pipe 601, so, according to centrifugal action, gets rid of liquid group Part is during rotation, and the liquid that can be obtained is thrown away, in the presence of centrifugal force and jet crushing effect, by liquid Body is converted into three-dimensional liquid.Certainly, such as the invention is not restricted to this, liquid feed device can also be built-in liquid feed device, built-in Liquid feed device can be formed and getting rid of on liquid component, get rid of liquid component itself with feed flow function to allow, and then get rid of liquid group Part can supply liquid to itself.
Yet further, three-dimensional liquid includes at least one in three-dimensional drop 210A and three-dimensional liquid film 210B. That is, three-dimensional liquid can only include three-dimensional drop 210A, and three-dimensional liquid can also only include three-dimensional liquid film 210B, three Three-dimensional drop 210A can also not only be included but also including three-dimensional liquid film 210B by tieing up liquid.Here, it is necessary to illustrate, due to Three-dimensional drop 210A is to act on producing by rotating centrifugal, so three-dimensional drop 210A is referred to as three-dimensional drop whirlpool Flow field 210A.
Wherein, three-dimensional drop 210A is made up of one or more particle diameter drops with predetermined distribution pattern.Specifically, three Tieing up drop 210A includes multiple drops, and multiple drops are distributed in an orderly manner in three dimensions with predetermined distribution pattern, multiple The particle diameter of drop can be all equal, that is to say, that in three dimensions can with predetermined distribution pattern, be dispersed with an orderly manner it is same A kind of multiple drops of particle size, certainly, the diameter of multiple drops can not also be all equal, that is to say, that three dimensions It is interior can with predetermined distribution pattern, be dispersed with multiple drops of a variety of particle sizes in an orderly manner.
Here, it is necessary to which explanation, " predetermined " refers to target set according to demand, and " distribution pattern " refers to liquid The space distribution situation of drop, " predetermined distribution pattern " refers to the spatial distribution target of drop set according to demand.Tool Body, as needed can according to size droplet diameter size, the distribution of the drop for every kind of particle diameter of being arranged respectively in three dimensions Position, to cause three-dimensional drop 210A covering spatial dimension to meet the requirements, and make it that three-dimensional drop 210A is being covered Spatial dimension is interior, the particle diameter of the drop of local space position punishment cloth meets the requirements, while so that three-dimensional drop 210A exists Covered spatial dimension is interior, the movement velocity and density (aggregation extent) of the drop of certain particle diameter of local space position punishment cloth Meet the requirements.
Here, it is necessary to explanation, liquid part is got rid of in liquid throwing device 100 (such as liquid throwing plate 101 or get rid of liquid brush by adjusting 102 etc.) size, rotating speed of Edge Distance central shaft etc. are arranged according to certain pattern along central shaft, can adjust three-dimensional Drop 210A distribution pattern.
In other words, three Cartesian coordinates, coordinate can be set up in the three dimensions where three-dimensional drop 210A Whether drop is set at each coordinate points in system, sets the drop of which kind of particle diameter to adjust according to actual needs, to customize The distribution situation of whole drops where going out coordinate system in three dimensions so that distribution pattern meets predetermined requirement.
In short, three-dimensional drop 210A refers to being distributed with the drop of certain density and quantity in three dimensions, no Drop with straight particle diameter along different dimensions has certain specific distribution pattern and excursion, drop density, distribution pattern and change Changing scope etc. can be designed and adjust as needed.Three-dimensional drop 210A has the characteristic of several respects:First, it is three-dimensional many The particle diameter of drop is not single in particle diameter drop, but continuous or discrete change within the specific limits;Second, liquid Drop particle size distribution and pattern can be configured and adjust as needed;3rd, drop carries out eddy motion and full of whole Individual purification chamber three dimensions, and the movement rate of drop and direction can adjust.
For example in the practical application of field of purification, three-dimensional drop 210A have wash away, touch and and sorption, for Particulate matter, drop, gas is removed to be all suitable for, specifically, larger particles owner of the particle diameter more than 10 microns in air pollutants If being touched and being removed with crown_interception and liquid interaction by inertia, when using drop as gas-liquid activated interface, That is, when purifying larger particles using drop, it is desirable to which size droplet diameter is larger, and the particle diameter of general drop is arrived in tens Between hundreds of microns preferably;And for particle diameter in air pollutants below 10 microns the respiration dust of (below PM10) and impurity gas Body, relies primarily on the processes such as diffusion adhesion, aggegation, Diffusion drift, thermal drift, stefen flow, thermophoresis and liquid interaction quilt Absorb, adhere to and remove, now require that the particle diameter of drop is smaller, the particle diameter of such as drop can be micro- to tens in several microns of zero point Between rice, and require that the distribution density and quantity of drop are larger, that is to say, that the aggregation extent of drop is higher.
Here, it is necessary to explanation, when the relative motion for having specific speed and direction between gas-liquid at gas-liquid interface, simultaneously Gas-liquid mass transfer heat transfer efficiency during certain particle size distribution and pattern is required to for drop higher.It is such as resonable All show that the droplet of different-diameter has higher to different size of particulate matter in wet dedusting by upper and scientific experiment research Removal efficiency, that is the particulate matter of each diameter has corresponding best purification liquid-drop diameter.
In summary, when using drop come pollutant in purification gas, because the dopant species in air are more, from And requiring that the particle diameter of the drop in three-dimensional drop 210A has larger distribution, the particle diameter of such as drop is preferably distributed in Between several microns to several millimeters of zero point, and occupy the drop from a variety of particle diameters several microns to several millimeters of zero point, such as it is three-dimensional Drop 210A can include the drops of several micron grain sizes of zero point, the drop of a few micron grain sizes, the drop of tens micron grain sizes, several The drop of the drop of hundred micron grain sizes, thousands of microns (i.e. several millimeters) particle diameter, so as to remove comprehensively and pointedly air Larger particles and particle diameter of the middle particle diameter more than 10 microns below 10 microns (below PM10) respiration dust and foreign gas Deng.That is, can take into account well remove more than 10 microns larger particles and particle diameter below 10 microns (PM10 with Under) respiration dust and foreign gas etc..
Further, according to greater particle size particulate matter in air and compared with the space point of small particle respiration dust and foreign gas Cloth situation sets three-dimensional drop 210A predetermined distribution pattern, so as to control, adjust and get rid of the predetermined distribution of liquid component generation The three-dimensional drop 210A of pattern, to improve clean-up effect further directed to property.For example assemble greater particle size in atmosphere The position of grain thing produces the three-dimensional drop 210A that particle diameter is between tens to hundreds of microns using liquid component is got rid of, in atmosphere Assemble micro- to tens in several microns of zero point using liquid component generation particle diameter is got rid of compared with the position of small particle respiration dust and foreign gas Between rice, quantity is more, collection Midst density larger three-dimensional drop 210A, so as to comprehensively, pointedly, effectively, Quickly purify the pollutant in air.
Wherein, three-dimensional liquid film 210B is constituted by being formed in the liquid film got rid of on liquid component.Specifically, three-dimensional liquid film 210B The liquid film that can be motion can also be static liquid film, three-dimensional liquid film 210B in three dimensions with predetermined state and Distribution pattern is distributed in an orderly manner, it is preferable that three-dimensional liquid film 210B is the three-dimensional liquid film 210B of motion, the three-dimensional liquid film of motion Field 210B is moved in an orderly manner in three dimensions with predetermined state and distribution pattern, wherein three-dimensional liquid film 210B is formed in and got rid of On liquid component, such as three-dimensional liquid film 210B, which can be attached to, to be got rid of on liquid component, and is getting rid of distribution of movement on liquid component.
Here, it is necessary to which explanation, " predetermined " refers to target set according to demand, " predetermined state and distributed mode Formula " refers to the predetermined state (form, the movement velocity of such as liquid film) of liquid film and the space distribution situation of liquid film, " predetermined shape State and distribution pattern " refers to the predetermined state and distribution objectives of liquid film set according to demand.Specifically, exist as needed The concrete form and movement velocity of the liquid film of each particular locations of adjustment in three dimensions, to cause three-dimensional liquid film 210B's Covering spatial dimension meets the requirements, and causes three-dimensional liquid film 210B in covered spatial dimension, the punishment of local space position The form of the liquid film of cloth meets the requirements, while so that three-dimensional liquid film 210B is in covered spatial dimension, local space position The movement velocity for punishing the liquid film of certain form of cloth meets the requirements.Wherein, form can be including shape and size etc., speed Speed and direction etc. can be included.
Here, it is necessary to explanation, liquid part is got rid of in liquid throwing device 100 (such as liquid throwing plate 101 or get rid of liquid brush by adjusting 102 etc.) material structure, surface texture, the size of Edge Distance central shaft, rotating speed and its angle between central shaft etc. Arranged according to certain pattern along central shaft, three-dimensional liquid film 210B state and distribution pattern can be adjusted.
In other words, three Cartesian coordinates, coordinate can be set up in the three dimensions where three-dimensional liquid film 210B Whether liquid film is set at each coordinate points in system, which kind of form is set, the liquid film of which kind of movement velocity can be according to actual need Adjust, with the distribution situation of whole liquid films in three dimensions where customizing out coordinate system so that distribution pattern meets predetermined Requirement.
In short, three-dimensional liquid film 210B refers to that liquid is distributed in three dimensions with membranaceous, and the liquid film is along three Each dimension of dimension space has certain speed, and area, spatial distribution, kinetic characteristic of liquid film etc. can be as needed It is designed and adjusts.Three-dimensional liquid film 210B has following several respects characteristic:First, the producing method of liquid film is various, Ke Yiyou Specific surface area is produced than larger mesh material, multilayer Porous materials or lamellar structure, can also be produced by liquid injection.The Two, liquid film does three-dimensional motion, i.e. liquid film in itself while the two-dimentional in-plane moving at place, while along asymmetric shaft another Moved on dimension, and movement rate direction is adjustable.
For example in the practical application of field of purification, three-dimensional liquid film 210B has souring, for remove particulate matter, Drop, gas are all suitable for, in air pollutants larger particles of the particle diameter more than 10 microns mainly by inertia touch and with Crown_interception and liquid interaction are removed, when using liquid film as gas-liquid activated interface, that is to say, that when using liquid film When purifying larger particles, then require that liquid film and particulate matter relative velocity are larger, and velocity attitude is suitable;And for air pollution In thing particle diameter below 10 microns (below PM10) respiration dust and foreign gas, rely primarily on diffusion adhesion, aggegation, diffusion float The processes such as shifting, thermal drift, stefen flow, thermophoresis and liquid interaction are absorbed, adhere to and remove, then require the surface of liquid film Product is big, spatial distribution is wide etc..
In summary, when using liquid film come pollutant in purification gas, because the dopant species in air are more, from And require that the liquid film surface area in three-dimensional liquid film 210B is big, spatial distribution is wide and relative velocity (including the phase with particulate matter etc. To movement rate and direction of relative movement) be adapted to, with comprehensively and pointedly remove air in particle diameter more than 10 microns compared with Bulky grain thing and the particle diameter respiration dust and foreign gas of (below PM10) etc. below 10 microns, that is to say, that can be well Take into account remove more than 10 microns larger particles and particle diameter below 10 microns (below PM10) respiration dust and foreign gas Deng.
Further, according to greater particle size particulate matter in air and compared with the space point of small particle respiration dust and foreign gas Cloth situation sets three-dimensional liquid film 210B predetermined state and distribution pattern, so as to control, adjust to get rid of liquid component and produce and make a reservation for The three-dimensional drop 210A of state and distribution pattern, comprehensively, pointedly, effectively, quickly to purify the dirt in air Contaminate thing.Here, three-dimensional liquid film 210B has that distribution pattern is various, have a very wide distribution, movement rate and direction are according to pre- The advantage that provisioning request is set, for example, can have faster movement rate and larger distribution, to effectively improve purification Efficiency.
Liquid throwing device 100 according to embodiments of the present invention, is produced in three dimensions with predetermined point by getting rid of liquid component Three-dimensional drop that cloth pattern is distributed in an orderly manner 210A and it is distributed in an orderly manner with predetermined state and distribution pattern in three dimensions Three-dimensional liquid film 210B at least one, for example, producing size droplet diameter by getting rid of liquid component is in several microns of zero point to several Between millimeter, distributing position is determined, distribution concentration degree is determined, movement velocity satisfactory three-dimensional drop 210A and liquid film Surface area is big, spatial distribution is wide and with the speed of related movement of particulate matter etc. (including relative motion speed and relative motion side To) at least one of suitable three-dimensional liquid film 210B field, so as to comprehensively, pointedly, effectively, quickly purify empty Pollutant in gas, and then effectively improve clean-up effect.
Specifically, producing three-dimensional drop 210A liquid throwing device 100 can have a variety of, the vibratory atomizer of such as rotation, Many bore shower nozzles, at least one layer of non-homogeneous crack are (for example, it may be hollow tubulose or lamella mechanism, its side wall are provided with tiny Crack, the width size in crack can be with unequal), at least one layer of centrifugation liquid throwing plate 101, get rid of liquid brush 102 or above-mentioned various sides Combination of method etc..By adjusting the concrete structure parameter of liquid throwing device 100, such as vibration frequency of regulation vibratory atomizer device, spray The aperture of head, the size in crack, the radius of liquid throwing plate 101, material, shape, length, diameter, the knot for getting rid of the bristle 1021 of liquid brush 102 The arrangement of structure characteristic etc., or the different assembled arrangements for getting rid of liquid component, are combined with to gas-liquid pressure, centrifugal force, sputtering surface etc. Regulation, produced three-dimensional drop 210A predetermined distribution pattern can be controlled, for example, can easily adjust three-dimensional liquid Drip the movement velocity distribution of the distribution pattern of size droplet diameter, the distribution of size droplet diameter and different-grain diameter drop in the 210A of field Deng.
For example, after the ultrasonic atomizer of different vibration frequencies is arranged in certain sequence, ultrasonic atomizer is in rotation During, the three-dimensional drop 210A of many particle diameter distributions can be produced, if coordinating the drive of vortex flow fan 702 (will below It is middle to be described in detail), it can further adjust three-dimensional drop 210A droplet distribution situation.
For example, when 101 feed flow of liquid throwing plate successively decreased to diameter along airflow direction, under the driving of motor, due to getting rid of liquid The distribution that the diameter of disk 101 tapers off, under the action of the centrifugal force, tip speed when liquid departs from liquid throwing plate 101 just have accordingly Certain distribution, under inertia and jet crushing effect, will further produce the three-dimensional drop vortex field of many particle diameter distributions 210A。
For example, when to the diameter of bristle 1021 or length along airflow direction successively decrease when getting rid of liquid 102 feed flow of brush, in the drive of motor Under dynamic, get rid of liquid brush 102 and rotate at a high speed, under the action of the centrifugal force, liquid departs from end when getting rid of 1021 end of bristle of liquid brush 102 Speed also has certain size distribution accordingly, under inertia and jet crushing effect, can produce the three-dimensional of many particle diameter distributions Drop cyclone-type 210A.
Can also have a variety of it is possible to further the liquid throwing device 100 that produces three-dimensional liquid film 210B, the leaf of such as rotation The regular netted sheet surfaces of multilayer are made in wheel surface, filler surface and internal layer, fiber brush surface, special membrane material, unordered netted Combination of sheet surfaces, branch foliation structure or above-mentioned various methods etc..Here, it is necessary to explanation, when sheet surfaces and Internal hydraulically full, lamella is rotated at random can produce three-dimensional liquid film 210B.
By adjusting the concrete structure parameter of liquid throwing device 100, making a reservation for for the three-dimensional liquid film 210B produced can be controlled State and distribution pattern, such as the spatial distribution and the scheme of movement velocity that can regulate and control liquid film.For example, regulation can be passed through Impeller surface, or rotation filler (need exist for explanation, the effect of filler is the contact surface for increasing solution-air, makes it mutually strong Strong mixing.Wherein, filler can be that, by certain geometrical configuration arrangement, the filler neatly piled up, structured packing species is a lot, root Can be divided into grid packing, ripple packing, Impulse packing etc. according to its geometry) or rotation fiber brush, or the portion such as netted lamella The architectural characteristic or surface characteristic of part adjust its surface area size, while the setting angle of above-mentioned part can also adjust, transport Dynamic speed etc..
Specifically, for example when to liquid throwing plate 101 or when getting rid of liquid 102 feed flow of brush, under the driving of motor, the He of liquid throwing plate 101 Fiber brush rotates at a high speed, under the action of the centrifugal force, liquid throwing plate 101 or gets rid of the surface of 102 bristle of liquid brush 1021 and can form three-dimensional liquid film Field 210B.
Three-dimensional drop 210A and three-dimensional liquid film 210B can be greatly enhanced efficiency and the purification of gas-liquid mass transfer heat transfer Efficiency, so that when three-dimensional drop 210A and three-dimensional liquid film 210B are used for into gas liquid reaction or gas purification, can greatly Promote gas liquid reaction efficiency, efficient catharsis can be played to air if for air cleaning.
The liquid throwing device 100 according to multiple embodiments of the invention is described below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 9.
Embodiment one,
As Figure 1-Figure 4, getting rid of liquid component includes rotating shaft 101A and at least one liquid throwing plate 101, at least one liquid throwing plate 101 are detachably connected on rotating shaft 101A, and the 101A around the shaft of wherein at least one liquid throwing plate 101 central axis is rotatable, Rotation axis is rotating shaft 101A central axis.Reference picture 3, rotating shaft 101A can be along linearly extended gyroaxis 101A, also Can be the gyroaxis 101A that extends along curve, rotating shaft 101A axis of rotation is rotating shaft 101A central axis, and rotating shaft 101A central axis is the rotation axis for getting rid of liquid component.
Wherein, one or more liquid throwing plate 101, each liquid throwing plate can be mounted directly on reference picture 3, rotating shaft 101A 101 can be rotated by rotation axis of rotating shaft 101A axis of rotation by rotating shaft 101A drive, to realize the ring of liquid throwing plate 101 Around the revolution or rotation of rotation axis.In addition, it is necessary to explanation, each liquid throwing plate 101 can also be by between other devices Ground connection is arranged on rotating shaft 101A, and now liquid throwing plate 101 can be with rotation, so that liquid throwing plate 101 is around rotary shaft on other devices Line can realize rotation while revolution.Below only with rotating shaft 101A along linear extension, liquid throwing plate 101 is directly installed on rotating shaft On 101A, liquid throwing plate 101 is illustrated so that rotating shaft 101A axis of rotation is pivot rotation as an example.
Further, installation site of each liquid throwing plate 101 on rotating shaft 101A can be adjusted, when need adjust liquid throwing plate During 101 installation site on rotating shaft 101A, liquid throwing plate 101 can be disassembled from rotating shaft 101A, then according still further to needing Seek other positions liquid throwing plate 101 being reinstalled on rotating shaft 101A, to adjust the three-dimensional drop produced by liquid throwing plate 101 210A and three-dimensional liquid film field 210B so that the three-dimensional drop 210A of generation and three-dimensional liquid film 210B meet predetermined want Ask.Wherein liquid throwing plate 101 is throwing away, liquid formation three-dimensional drop 210A departing from liquid throwing plate 101, is attached to liquid throwing plate 101 Liquid that is upper, being for example attached on the surface of liquid throwing plate 101 or internal voids forms three-dimensional liquid film 210B.
Wherein, liquid throwing plate 101 can be structured as regular shape or irregular shape, when liquid throwing plate 101 is configured to rule During shape, each liquid throwing plate 101 is configured to conical disks, circular discs, elliptic conic shape disk, oblong-shaped disc, conico-acuminate disk, oval Shape disk, polygonal cone disk, polygon disk etc., wherein, conical disks, elliptic conic shape disk, conico-acuminate disk and polygonal cone disk Deng can be understood as pyramidal structure.Preferably, the rotation axis for getting rid of liquid component runs through the center of gravity of liquid throwing plate 101, such as rotating shaft 101A central axis can be each passed through the center of gravity of each liquid throwing plate 101.Wherein, the edge of liquid throwing plate 101 is to rotation axis Distance may decide that the edge of liquid throwing plate 101 produced by drop grain size, so, when liquid throwing plate 101 be circular discs, and When being set perpendicular to rotation axis, each edge of liquid throwing plate 101 can produce the drop of same particle size size.
Alternatively, the area of multiple liquid throwing plates 101 can be equal respectively, that is to say, that the area of each liquid throwing plate 101 can Equal with whole, now, if the shape all same of each liquid throwing plate 101, the size of that each liquid throwing plate 101 can be homogeneous Together.Or alternatively, at least two area in multiple liquid throwing plates 101 is unequal, that is to say, that at least two liquid throwing plates 101 area is unequal, such as the area of multiple liquid throwing plates 101 can be unequal respectively, now, if each liquid throwing plate 101 Shape all same when, the size of each liquid throwing plate 101 can be differed.
Preferably, liquid throwing plate 101 is spaced apart distribution for multiple and multiple liquid throwing plates 101 in rotating shaft 101A axial direction.Such as Shown in Fig. 3, rotating shaft 101A can be provided with multiple liquid throwing plates 101, multiple liquid throwing plates 101 along in linear extension, and rotating shaft 101A Be spaced apart from each other distribution in rotating shaft 101A axial direction (on length direction), and arbitrary neighborhood two liquid throwing plates 101 in rotating shaft Spacing in 101A axial direction can with equal or.Pressed from both sides between wherein each place plane of liquid throwing plate 101 and rotation axis Angle α can be met:0°<α<180°.Thus, by adjusting the relative position of each liquid throwing plate 101 and rotating shaft 101A, it can regulate and control The distributing position of the drop for a variety of particle diameters that the liquid throwing plate 101 is produced, by adjusting between two liquid throwing plates 101 of arbitrary neighborhood Spacing, can regulate and control the aggregation extent for the drop that the liquid throwing plate 101 is distributed around.
Wherein, each liquid throwing plate 101 can be made up of the larger close material of density, and for example liquid throwing plate 101 can be gold Belong to liquid throwing plate 101 or plastics liquid throwing plate 101.Now, at least part surface of each liquid throwing plate 101 can be formed as coarse Face, that is to say, that a part of of each surface of liquid throwing plate 101 can be formed as coarse surface, or, each liquid throwing plate 101 All surfaces can be formed as coarse surface.
Certainly, the invention is not restricted to this, liquid throwing plate 101 can also be loose and porous structure, that is to say, that liquid throwing plate 101 It can be made up of loose porous material.In addition, each liquid throwing plate 101 may be configured to netted lamellar structure, that is to say, that every Individual liquid throwing plate 101 can be made up of the regular netted lamella of multilayer or unordered net slice stacking pile, for example, multiple nethike embranes can be by Stack, can not also arbitrarily be stacked according to the predetermined order that stacks according to the predetermined order that stacks, in addition, liquid throwing plate 101 can be with It is configured to foliation structure, that is to say, that liquid throwing plate 101 is configured to the similar leaf being made up of top layer, filler and the defeated pipe of train of thought etc. The substantially disk-like structure of sheet.
The liquid throwing plate 101 and the liquid throwing plate of liquid structure of liquid throwing plate 101, netted lamellar structure for loose and porous structure For 101, the inside of liquid throwing plate 101 can be with hydraulically full, so that when liquid throwing plate 101 is rotated around rotation axis, liquid throwing plate 101 can To produce the three-dimensional drop 210A and three-dimensional liquid film 210B of many particle diameters.Thus, by adjusting structure, the example of liquid throwing plate 101 The particle diameter of drop and the distribution situation of drop can be adjusted such as surface texture.
In summary, the distance between the edge of liquid throwing plate 101 and rotation axis can be calculated according to the particle diameter of required drop To set out the shape and size of liquid throwing plate 101, then liquid throwing plate is set according to the structural parameters on the surface of liquid throwing plate 101 etc. 101 material and machining accuracy, can then be produced according to parameters such as shape set in advance, size, material, machining accuracies The liquid throwing plate 101 of predetermined dimension, the distribution situation according still further to corresponding particle diameter drop sets the predetermined assembling sequence of liquid throwing plate 101, The central area of each liquid throwing plate 101 is arranged on rotary shaft 101A by buckle etc. finally according to predetermined assembling sequence, Simultaneously can be by controlling rotary shaft 101A rotating speed further to adjust the particle diameter and movement velocity of drop.
For example in the example of fig. 3, when rotating shaft 101A is got rid of provided with multiple multiple circles being spaced apart along its axial direction During liquid disk 101, along rotating shaft 101A axis direction (such as the flow direction of air), the diameter of each liquid throwing plate 101 is gradually Reduce so that get rid of the particle diameter of drop in the three-dimensional drop 210A of liquid component generation along the axis direction (such as air Flow direction) become larger.Certainly, the invention is not restricted to this, the arrangement mode of liquid throwing plate 101 can also be set according to actual requirement Put, such as in the example of fig. 4, along rotating shaft 101A axis direction (such as the flow direction of air), each liquid throwing plate 101 Diameter first can also gradually increase, be gradually reduced again.
Embodiment two,
As shown in Figure 5-Figure 8, get rid of liquid component and get rid of liquid brush 102 with least one including rotating shaft 102A, each get rid of liquid brush 102 and wrap Multiple bristles 1021 are included, at least one gets rid of liquid brush 102 and is detachably connected on rotating shaft 102A, and wherein at least one gets rid of liquid brush 102 102A around the shaft central axis is rotatable, and rotation axis is rotating shaft 102A central axis.Reference picture 10, rotating shaft 102A It, along linearly extended gyroaxis 102A, can also be the gyroaxis 102A extended along curve, rotating shaft 102A gyroaxis that can be Line is rotating shaft 102A central axis, and rotating shaft 102A central axis is the rotation axis for getting rid of liquid component.
Wherein, it can be mounted directly one or more on reference picture 7, rotating shaft 102A and get rid of liquid brush 102, each get rid of liquid brush 102 can be rotated by rotation axis of rotating shaft 102A axis of rotation by rotating shaft 102A drive, and the ring of liquid brush 102 is got rid of to realize Around the revolution or rotation of rotation axis.In addition, it is necessary to explanation, each getting rid of liquid brush 102 can also be by between other device Ground connection is arranged on rotating shaft 102A, and now getting rid of liquid brush 102 can be with rotation, so as to get rid of liquid brush 102 around rotary shaft on other devices Line can realize rotation while revolution.Below only with rotating shaft 102A along linear extension, liquid brush 102 is got rid of installed in rotating shaft 102A On, get rid of liquid brush 102 and illustrated so that rotating shaft 102A axis of rotation is pivot rotation as an example.
Further, each getting rid of installation site of the liquid brush 102 on rotating shaft 102A can be adjusted, and liquid brush is got rid of when needing regulation During 102 installation site on rotating shaft 102A, it can will get rid of liquid brush 102 and be disassembled from rotating shaft 102A, then according still further to needing The other positions that liquid brush 102 is reinstalled on rotating shaft 102A will be got rid of by asking, and the three-dimensional drop produced by liquid brush 102 is got rid of with regulation 210A and three-dimensional liquid film field 210B so that the three-dimensional drop 210A of generation and three-dimensional liquid film 210B meet predetermined want Ask.The liquid formation three-dimensional drop 210A that liquid brush 102 is got rid of in liquid brush 102 is thrown away, disengaging is wherein got rid of, is attached to and gets rid of liquid brush 102 Bristle 1021 on liquid form three-dimensional liquid film 210B.
Specifically, multiple bristles 1021 can be included by each getting rid of liquid brush 102, and the arranged mode of multiple bristles 1021 can To be set according to actual requirement, and each angle β between bristle 1021 and rotation axis can be met:0°<β<180°.Thus, By adjusting the relative position of each bristle 1021 and rotating shaft 102A, can regulate and control the bristle 1021 generation particle diameter drop and The distributing position of liquid film, by adjusting the spacing between two bristles 1021 of arbitrary neighborhood, can regulate and control near the bristle 1021 The drop of distribution and the aggregation extent of liquid film.
Wherein, liquid brush 102 is got rid of it is so structured that a branch of, that is to say, that the multiple bristles 1021 got rid of in liquid brush 102 can To stretch out from a less region along radial, now multiple liquid brushes 102 that get rid of can be in rotating shaft 102A axial direction and week It is respectively separated distribution of turning up the soil upwards.Certainly, the invention is not restricted to this, ring-type can also be configured to by getting rid of liquid brush 102, that is to say, that One multiple bristle 1021 got rid of in liquid brush 102 can be with the circumferential one week of twisted rotary shaft 102A, and each the edge of bristle 1021 turns Axle 102A's extends radially outwardly, and multiple liquid brushes 102 that get rid of can be spaced apart from each other in rotating shaft 102A axial direction.In addition, it is necessary to Illustrate, getting rid of the structure of liquid brush 102 can also be set according to actual requirement, preferably to meet actual requirement.
The size of each at least two bristles 1021 for getting rid of liquid brush 102 can be different, and each get rid of at least the two of liquid brush 102 The structure of individual bristle 1021 can be different.Wherein, the size of bristle 1021 can refer to the development length of bristle 1021, bristle 1021 The size of cross section, the structure of bristle 1021 can refer to the extension form of bristle 1021, and such as bristle 1021 can be along straight line, folding Line or curve extension, the structure of bristle 1021 can also refer to the shape of cross section of bristle 1021, and for example bristle 1021 is transversal Face can be structured as regular shape, such as circular or polygon, and the cross section of bristle 1021 may be configured to irregularly Shape etc..
It is multiple get rid of in liquid brush 102 at least two get rid of the size of liquid brush 102, structure can be different, that is to say, that it is multiple to get rid of At least two in liquid brush 102 sizes for getting rid of the bristle 1021 of liquid brush 102 can be different, it is multiple get rid of in liquid brush 102 at least two The structure of the individual bristle 1021 for getting rid of liquid brush 102 can be different.For example, it is each get rid of in liquid brush 102 size of multiple bristles 1021 and Structure can be identical respectively, but two are got rid of the bristle 1021 that one is got rid of liquid brush 102 in liquid brush 102 and get rid of liquid brush 102 with another Bristle 1021 size and structure can be with respectively different.
Here, it is necessary to explanation, size, the structure of bristle 1021 may decide that it produces the particle diameter of drop and liquid film Coverage, the distributing position of bristle 1021 may decide that the distribution of drop and liquid film, and rotating shaft 102A rotating speed may decide that liquid Drop and the movement velocity of liquid film etc..
In summary, the size and structure of bristle 1021 can be calculated according to the particle diameter of required drop, then according to bristle The structural parameters on 1021 surface etc. set the material of bristle 1021, then can be according to size set in advance, structure, material It is predetermined according still further to the distribution situation setting bristle 1021 of corresponding particle diameter drop etc. the bristle 1021 that parameter produces predetermined dimension Assembling sequence, finally according to predetermined assembling sequence by multiple bristles 1021 be assembled into it is multiple get rid of liquid brush 102, then get rid of liquid by multiple The central area of brush 102 is arranged on rotary shaft 102A by buckle etc., while can be by controlling rotary shaft 102A rotating speed Further adjust the particle diameter and movement velocity of drop.
For example, when rotating shaft 102A is provided with multiple multiple structure identical bristles 1021 being spaced apart along its axial direction When, along rotating shaft 102A axis direction (such as the flow direction of air), the development length of each bristle 1021 is gradually reduced, So that getting rid of the particle diameter of drop in the three-dimensional drop 210A of liquid component generation along axis direction (such as flowing side of air To) become larger.
In addition, it is necessary to which explanation, when the equal length of bristle 1021, can also adjust bristle 1021 and rotating shaft 102A Ultimate range, to adjust the particle diameter distribution of drop in three-dimensional drop 210A, such as in the example in figure 7, along rotating shaft 102A axis direction (flow direction of such as air), the development length of each bristle 1021 is equal, but each bristle Ultimate range is gradually reduced between 1021 and rotating shaft 102A, certainly, and the invention is not restricted to this, the arrangement of bristle 1021 is also It can be set according to actual requirement, such as in the example of fig. 8, along rotating shaft 102A axis direction (such as flowing of air Direction), the development length of each bristle 1021 is equal, but each ultimate range between bristle 1021 and rotating shaft 102A first by It is cumulative to be gradually reduced greatly, again.
Embodiment three,
As shown in figure 9, rotating shaft 103A be formed as being formed with multiple liquid-through holes on hollow tubular, rotating shaft 103A so that liquid by Multiple liquid-through holes are thrown away.Specifically, rotating shaft 103A can be structured as could be formed with hollow pipeline, rotating shaft 103A tube wall The liquid-through hole run through, rotating shaft 103A is passed through liquid, processes of the rotating shaft 103A in rotation during rotation into rotating shaft 103A In, the liquid in rotating shaft 103A can be thrown away from the liquid-through hole on tube wall, so as to produce three-dimensional drop 210A and/or three Tie up liquid film 210B.Wherein, three-dimensional drop can be adjusted by adjusting rotating shaft 103A rotating speed and the shape of liquid-through hole, size 210A and/or three-dimensional liquid film 210B predetermined distribution.
In addition, it is necessary to which explanation, the liquid throwing plate 101 in above-described embodiment one can also be fixed in the present embodiment three Hollow tubular rotating shaft 103A on, and the liquid thrown away in liquid-through hole on rotating shaft 103A further can get rid of by liquid throwing plate 101 Go out, and then produce three-dimensional drop 210A and three-dimensional liquid film 210B;Getting rid of liquid brush 102 and can also consolidate in above-described embodiment two It is scheduled on the hollow tubular rotating shaft 103A in the present embodiment three, and the liquid thrown away in the liquid-through hole on rotating shaft 103A can enter one Step is thrown away by getting rid of liquid brush 102, and then produces three-dimensional drop 210A and three-dimensional liquid film 210B.
Liquid throwing device 100 according to embodiments of the present invention can be used for air purifier 1000, wherein air purifier 1000 can also include:Housing and device for storing liquid.
Specifically, have to get rid of in housing and be formed with liquid space 210, housing with getting rid of the air inlet that liquid space 210 is connected 208, device for storing liquid is located in housing, and liquid throwing device 100, which is located at, to be got rid of in liquid space 210, and liquid throwing device 100 is used to be filled by liquid storage Put and feed to the liquid of liquid throwing device 100 and be converted into three-dimensional liquid film 210B and/or three-dimensional drop 210A, to adsorb by air inlet 208 foreign-matter contaminations entered in the air got rid of in liquid space 210 are simultaneously sent out from air outlet 209.Wherein, air inlet 208 can It to be formed directly on housing, outer can also be connected on housing, will be described below.
Specifically, it is formed with to be formed with air inlet 208 and air outlet 209, housing on reference picture 10, housing and gets rid of liquid space 210, get rid of liquid space 210 and be connected respectively with air inlet 208 and air outlet 209, wherein, air can be flowed into from air inlet 208 Liquid space 210 is got rid of, housing can be flowed out from air outlet 209 by getting rid of the air after being purified in liquid space 210, and liquid throwing device 100 is set Getting rid of in liquid space 210, device for storing liquid is arranged in housing, and positioned at getting rid of outside liquid space 210, device for storing liquid is used for getting rid of liquid air Between liquid throwing device 100 in 210 liquid is provided, in addition, device for storing liquid can also reclaim from get rid of liquid that liquid space 210 sinks or Liquid mixture etc..
Liquid throwing device 100 is getting rid of in liquid space 210 operating to be supplied to its liquid to be converted into three-dimensional liquid device for storing liquid Drip field 210A and three-dimensional liquid film 210B it is therein at least one, the three-dimensional drop 210A of generation and/or three-dimensional liquid film 210B can adsorb the foreign-matter contamination entered by air inlet 208 in the air got rid of in liquid space 210, will enter and get rid of liquid air Between air in 210 be converted into the air after purification, the air after then purifying can be discharged from the air outlet 209 on housing, Circulate according to this, air purifier 1000 can constantly purify air.
Here, it is necessary to which explanation, the liquid throwing device 100 for producing three-dimensional drop 210A can include ultrasonic atomizatio Shower nozzle, rotation liquid throwing plate 101 or rotation get rid of liquid brush 102 etc., the liquid throwing device 100 for producing 3 D motion type liquid film Rotation can be included gets rid of liquid brush 102 etc., and wherein ultrasonic atomizatio shower nozzle can be used for producing 0.1 micron in 20 micrometer ranges Fine liquid mist, and diameter, length and surface texture by adjusting the radius of liquid throwing plate 101 He getting rid of the upper bristle 1021 of liquid brush 102 And its spatial distribution, size droplet diameter distribution pattern can be conveniently adjusted, furthermore it is also possible to by the rotating speed for adjusting rotating shaft, splash Reflective surface etc., realizes the regulation to the scope of droplet size distribution.
Thus, when the gas containing pollutant is passed through from three-dimensional drop 210A, the big droplet collective effect of different-grain diameter, Diffusion adhesion, aggegation, Diffusion drift, heat mainly occur with micro-nano granules thing, drop and gas for highdensity micro-nano drop The processes such as drift, stefen flow, thermophoresis are purified to impurity in gas, saturated vapor, gas in three-dimensional many particle diameter drops Liquid thermograde, chemical concentration gradients, eddy current effect etc. can all promote diffusion adhesion, aggegation, Diffusion drift, thermal drift, Si Di The processes such as fragrant stream, thermophoresis, larger drop mainly touched with larger particulate matter, drop simultaneously, the interaction such as interception and handle Larger particles and drop are removed, and when swirl gas passes through lower floor's fine water-spray, may have the fine small water smoke in part can be with gas Stream motion, but when air-flow water droplet layer big by upper strata, these water smokes can also be washed removing.
The three-dimensional drop 210A produced due to liquid throwing device 100 movement velocity, particle size distribution and pattern can be with Pre-provisioning request is adjusted to, so that mass-and heat-transfer is more efficient between drop and gas, and due to the three-dimensional liquid of the generation of liquid throwing device 100 Film 210B speed and scope can be adjusted to pre-provisioning request, thus three-dimensional motion liquid film can more initiatively with gas phase interaction With the scope of interaction can be expanded in the whole three dimensions of pollutant transport, and relative velocity is also more excellent, purification effect Fruit is more preferably.
Here, it is necessary to which the liquid of storage can be water in explanation, device for storing liquid, or there is specific function for some Liquid, healthy dissolution thing can be for example added in water, such as some surfactants, organic solvent, so as to increase Plus in air pollutants insoluble particulate matter, drop, gas etc. dissolubility, in order to the three-dimensional drop 210A of generation And/or three-dimensional liquid film 210B preferably adsorbs pollutant, certainly, chemical reactant can also be added in liquid, passes through chemistry React to remove insoluble substance in air pollutants, to effectively improve clean-up effect.
Air purifier 1000 according to embodiments of the present invention, by setting the liquid throwing device 100 of above-described embodiment, so that Improve the detergent power of air purifier 1000.
In one embodiment of the invention, housing includes:Shell 201 and at least one layer of inner casing 204, the side of shell 201 Air inlet 208 is formed with wall, at least one layer of inner casing is located in shell 201, and inner casing 204 and shell 201 are at air outlet 209 It is tightly connected, air outlet 209, which is located to limit in the top of inner casing 204, inner casing 204, gets rid of liquid space 210, the bottom of inner casing 204 It is formed with the connected entrance 212 connected with air inlet 208.
For example housing can include multilayer inner casing 204, wherein, shell 201 and every layer of inner casing 204 can distinguish rough structure It is more than the size of every layer of inner casing 204 for the size of hollow circular cylinder, and shell 201, multilayer inner casing 204 can be multilayer nest Formula structure, shell 201 can be set in outside outermost inner casing 204, and the top of shell 201 and multilayer inner casing 204 is connected to Together, shell 201 limits external air inlet passage jointly with outermost inner casing 204, is limited between every adjacent two layers of inner casing 204 Go out interior air intake passage 211, the inside of the inner casing 204 of innermost layer, which is limited, gets rid of liquid space 210, the top of the perisporium of shell 201 can be with Air inlet 208 is formed with, the top of the inner casing 204 of innermost layer is opened wide to form air outlet 209, the bottom of the inner casing 204 of innermost layer Portion opens wide to form connected entrance 212.
Wherein, air inlet 208 is connected with external air inlet passage, and external air inlet passage is connected with multiple interior air intake passages 211, many Individual interior air intake passage 211 is interconnected, and multiple interior air intake passages 211 are connected with connected entrance 212, and connected entrance 212 is with getting rid of liquid Space 210 is connected, and gets rid of liquid space 210 and is connected with air outlet 209, so that the air entered from air inlet 208 can be successively External air inlet passage and multiple interior air intake passages 211 are flowed through, flows into get rid of liquid space 210 again, finally by getting rid of going out for the top of liquid space 210 Air port 209 is flowed out, to complete purification.
Here, it is necessary to explanation, external air inlet passage, multiple interior air intake passages 211 and the mode of communicating for getting rid of liquid space 210 Can be snakelike mode of communicating, that is to say, that air can lead to after entrance external air inlet passage along the snakelike external air inlet that sequentially flows through Road and multiple interior air intake passages 211, and finally flow into and get rid of liquid space 210.In addition, the invention is not restricted to this, it is external air inlet passage, many Individual interior air intake passage 211 and get rid of between liquid space 210 can also by ventilating opening is opened up on every layer of perisporium of inner casing 204 and company It is logical.Thus, by setting multilayer inner casing 204, the circulation path of air can be extended, to improve clean-up effect.
Certainly, housing can also only include one layer of inner casing 204, and inner casing 204 is configured to the circle that top and bottom are opened wide respectively Cylinder, and be set in shell 201, the top of inner casing 204 can be connected to limit bottom with shell 201 by upper spacer 205 That is opened wide respectively at the top and bottom of being limited in unlimited air intake passage 211, inner casing 204 gets rid of liquid space 210, gets rid of liquid space 210 Top open wide to be configured to air outlet 209, the top for getting rid of liquid space 210 is opened wide to be configured to connected entrance 212, connected entrance 212 It is connected with the lower end of air intake passage 211.
At least one wind deflector 500 provided with the setting that is spaced apart from each other between air inlet 208 and connected entrance 212.Namely Say, one or more wind deflector can be provided with air intake passage 211 (including external air inlet passage and multiple interior air intake passages 211) 500, when wind deflector 500 for it is multiple when, multiple wind deflectors 500 can be spaced apart from each other setting.For example in Figure 10 example, enter Provided with a wind deflector 500 in wind passage 211, a wind deflector 500 can be coiled in the periphery wall of inner casing 204 along helix On, and the periphery wall of wind deflector 500 can be connected with the internal perisporium of shell 201, the upper end of wind deflector 500 is at air inlet 208 Start to extend downwardly, the lower end of wind deflector 500 extends to the lower end of air intake passage 211, and with connected entrance 212 is connected, so that The air for flowing into air intake passage 211 from air inlet 208 can be flowed into along wind deflector 500 to be got rid of in liquid space 210.In addition, getting rid of liquid Can also be set in space 210 vortex wind deflector 500, and wind deflector 500 periphery wall can be with Inner shells 204 internal perisporium phase Even.
Here, it is necessary to which what is illustrated is, although air-flow has certain direction of motion, but inside air-flow, gas molecule is not Make warm-up movement with stopping, so that under the shock of gas molecule, microscopic particulates do the Brownian movement of complexity, however, motion process In, gas molecule and microscopic particulates are captured with drop contact, and thus, purification efficiency is inversely proportional with liquid-drop diameter, with drop Density and quantity be directly proportional, be directly proportional to the relative velocity of particulate matter and drop.
The high size droplet diameter of mass-and heat-transfer efficiency comparison is that several microns of zero point are answered to hundreds of microns, but actually in theory In, when liquid-drop diameter is too small, drop is caused to be moved with air-flow, the relative velocity of drop and air-flow reduces, and is unfavorable for touching Several increases are hit, so as to complete purification by selecting a diameter of 500-1000 microns relatively low of drop of purification efficiency.So as to , will because the warm-up movement and Brownian movement of air are slower when the flowing velocity of air is very fast and the flowing wind path of air is shorter It can cause relatively low to the particulate matter and the removal efficiency of gas molecule that particle diameter is 2.5.Thus, by being set in air intake passage 211 Wind deflector 500 is put, so as to strengthen air into the turbulent motion after liquid space 210 (or vortex or turbulent motion) is got rid of, is carried The high clean-up effect to various sizes particulate matter.
Thus, air purifier 1000 according to embodiments of the present invention, refraction-reflection type, eddy current type, Wen Qiu are provided for air In formula wind path, so as to be effectively improved clean-up effect.Specifically, by setting shell 201 and at least one layer of inner casing 204, from And define the air intake passage 211 of structure of turning back at least one times, and be provided with air intake passage 211 vortex wind deflector 500, Air can be vortexed and enter from air inlet 208, and along in air intake passage 211 spiral aviation baffle 500 formation whirlwind be vortexed into Enter to get rid of in liquid space 210, getting rid of can be provided with whirlpools such as vortex wind deflector 500, rotation fiber brush, vortex flow fans 702 in liquid space 210 Flow generating apparatus, is formed as the air of vortex and the liquid film on the surface of wind deflector 500 (here it is possible to guide in air intake passage 211 Liquid is sprayed on aerofoil 500 so as to form liquid film on wind deflector 500, specific implementation method will be described below) interaction It is net to be formed as gasket packing tower foam that thickly dotted aperture can also be formed with and initial gross separation is purified, on wind deflector 500 Change effect.
So, air, which is flowed into, is formed with after the getting rid of in liquid space 210 of three-dimensional many particle diameter drops, gets rid of in liquid space 210 Slit is formed between vortex wind deflector 500 and liquid throwing device 100, to simulate venturi type clean-up effect.In summary, Zigzag type Design extension wind path, venturi type slit and aperture can increase local wind speed, and vortex wind deflector 500 can aggravate vortex, lead Interaction of gas and liquid time lengthening is caused, a wide range of irregular Blang's diffusion is good to small particle respiration dust and gas effectiveness, and Locally accelerate wind speed in slit and aperture, the simultaneously efficiency of touching of larger particles is improved.In addition, swirl gas and three-dimensional many particle diameter liquid Drop field or the liquid film direction of three-dimensional motion reversely interact in obtuse angle, and eddy current effect adds drop and gas phase to speed, Enhance interaction efficiency.
The bottom of inner casing 204 is formed with liquid return hole 207, and wherein liquid throwing device 100 is located in inner casing 204, and device for storing liquid is set In the lower section of liquid return hole 207.As shown in Figure 10, lower clapboard 206 can also be installed, lower clapboard 206 is located at shell in shell 201 Bottom in 201, and positioned at the lower section of inner casing 204, get rid of liquid space 210 and air intake passage 211 is limited to lower clapboard more than 206, Center on lower clapboard 206 could be formed with the liquid return hole 207 run through along the vertical direction, and liquid return hole 207 is located at inner casing 204 Bottom, liquid throwing device 100 is arranged on after getting rid of in liquid space 210, liquid return hole 207 is located at the bottom of liquid throwing device 100, lower clapboard 206 lower surface limits installing space with shell 201, and device for storing liquid is arranged in the installing space of the lower section of lower clapboard 206, and Positioned at the lower section of liquid return hole 207.Thus, device for storing liquid can be flowed into by liquid return hole 207 by getting rid of the liquid sunk in liquid space 210 It is interior, to be reclaimed to the purification liquid got rid of in liquid space 210.
Liquid back pipe 2071 can be provided with liquid return hole 207, liquid back pipe 2071 is formed as funnel-form, and liquid back pipe 2071 is upper The bottom wall with inner casing 204 is held to be tightly connected, the lower end of liquid back pipe 2071 is extend into reservoir 301.
Specifically, device for storing liquid can be structured as reservoir 301, provided with purifying net 304 with by reservoir in reservoir 301 It is separated into inside 301 and reclaims chamber 305 and positioned at the feed flow chamber 306 for reclaiming the lower section of chamber 305, wherein reclaims chamber 305 and liquid return hole 207 Connection.Reference picture 10, reservoir 301 is constructed generally as hollow container, and the top of reservoir 301 is formed with to be passed through along the vertical direction Wear inlet 303, inlet 303 and liquid return hole are just right about 207, and purifying net 304 can be horizontally installed in reservoir 301 It is interior, by the space in reservoir 301 be separated into above and below two parts, its middle and upper part be divided into recovery chamber 305, bottom is divided into feed flow chamber 306, thus, the liquid left from liquid return hole 207 can be flowed into the recovery chamber 305 in reservoir 301 by inlet 303, The liquid reclaimed in chamber 305 is flowed into feed flow chamber 306 again under the filtration of purifying net 304, so that the memory storage of feed flow chamber 306 For the clean liquid after purification.Alternatively, purifying net 304 can also be active carbon net or other porous web materials, with All kinds of gas pollutants come in adsorptive liquid,
Feed flow chamber 306 is connected to feed liquid to getting rid of in liquid space 210 with getting rid of liquid space 210.Reference picture 10, feed flow chamber 306 can be communicated to by feed pipe 601 and get rid of liquid space 210, wherein, the lower end of feed pipe 601 can be passed down through lower clapboard 206 and stretch into the feed flow chamber 306 in reservoir 301, the upper end of feed pipe 601 is vertically arranged in receiving space, and feed flow Many sub- feed pipes 602, the fixing end and the phase of feed pipe 601 of every sub- feed pipe 602 can be inserted with the side wall of pipe 601 Even, the free end of every sub- feed pipe 602, which is extended to, gets rid of liquid component, liquid pump 603 can be set on feed pipe 601, when liquid pump 603 After unlatching, liquid pump 603 can extract the liquid in feed flow chamber 306 out, and the liquid extracted out can be along feed pipe 601 and multiple Sub- feed pipe 602 is fed to liquid throwing device 100.
Here, it is necessary to which explanation, is again introduced into solve some organic matters being washed into the aqueous solution, bacterium etc. The problem of air causes secondary pollution, it is generally the case that because pollutant concentration will not be especially high, liquid frequency is changed just so improving It can reach good clean-up effect, but sometimes due to forgetting to change liquid, or because other reasonses may result in Pollutant concentration is higher in liquid, therefore, can be by adding Ag ions, potassium permanganate or copper sulphate into reservoir 301 Deng conventional disinfection sanitizer to be sterilized, be sterilized to liquid, except mite etc., in addition, when the addition potassium permanganate into liquid The pollutant of all kinds of reproducibilities in liquid can be removed simultaneously, such as formaldehyde, and oxygen can be discharged simultaneously.Thus, it is possible to Each pollutant is fundamentally removed, the possibility of secondary pollution is eliminated.
The side of neighbouring air outlet 209 in inner casing 204 is provided with gas-liquid separator 701.As shown in Figure 10, gas-liquid separator 701 are arranged on the top in inner casing 204, and positioned at the top of liquid throwing device 100, thus, the air after purification can bypass gas Liquid/gas separator 701 flows out from air outlet 209 upwards, when the less liquid of particle diameter is moved upwards can first with gas-liquid separator 701 contacts and shot down, or get rid of and fall on the internal perisporium of inner casing 204, and then can be left along the perisporium of inner casing 204, most Eventually device for storing liquid is flowed into from liquid return hole 207.So as to by setting liquid throwing device 100, can effectively prevent a small number of micro-nano liquid Drop, which by air-flow is taken air purifier 1000 out of and got in, to be polluted.Wherein, gas-liquid separator 701 can be the condensation of rotation Net, condensation blade etc..
In addition, it is necessary to which explanation, is conducted heat by the use of three-dimensional drop 210A or three-dimensional liquid films 210B as gas-liquid mass transfer Interface changes gas, liquid component and during temperature, when the gas of impure pollutant is from three-dimensional drop 210A or three-dimensional liquid films When being passed through in the 210B of field, the drop of different-grain diameter size each plays different effects, and common collaboration is played efficient mass transfer and passed Heat, go deimpurity effect.Preferably, when liquid throwing device 100 is used for air purifier 1000, liquid in three-dimensional drop 210A Particle diameter is dripped along air motion direction to be gradually incremented by.
Specifically, the micro-nano drop of three-dimensional drop (such as water droplet) vortex field middle-high density of many particle diameter distributions mainly with The drop pollutant and gas pollutant of micro-nano granules pollutant, particle diameter below 0.3 micron occur diffusion adhesion, coagulated The mechanisms such as collection, Diffusion drift, thermal drift, stefen flow, thermophoresis to impurity in gas to purify.
Specifically, liquid throwing device 100 can produce high density water droplet, and water drops surface accumulates very big, water drops surface natural evaporation On the one hand drop can be made to cool, drop, liquid film surface on the other hand can be made to be full of the vapor of saturation, and in each drop Periphery forms the concentration gradient of vapor.
When the high-temperature steam in air and colder drop contact, will occur thermal drift and Diffusion drift, if while With the presence of thermograde between gas-liquid, micro-nano granules or gas molecule will be acted on by the power that cold side is pointed to by hot side, this Kind of power is the molecular collision difference between particle hot side and cold side and the result that produces.Hot-zone medium molecule motion intense, unit The number of times of time colliding particles is more, and cold-zone medium molecule colliding particles number of times is less, both sides molecular collision number of times and energy The difference of transmission, will make particulate produce the motion from high-temperature region to low-temperature space.This phenomenon is referred to as thermophoresis.
By that can be produced between the higher air of the drop and temperature of evaporative cooling, larger vapor-liquid temperature is poor, and this can cause The thermal drift and thermophoresis process of micro-nano granules or gas molecule to liquid are more violent in gas, simultaneously because general in air Containing some liquable vapor compositions, so Diffusion drift and the generation of thermal drift process are had simultaneously, in addition when gas to be clean When in body containing water vapour, gaseous organic substance etc., as temperature is reduced, these coagulated components will be attracted to particulate matter or liquid Surface is dripped, grit is aggregated with one another into larger offspring, it is easy to by liquid droplet capture.
So as to artificially reduce the temperature of liquid by adding the encapsulation mode such as refrigerant or ice cube into liquid, increase Plus gas-liquid temperature difference, to promote thermal drift and thermophoresis process.Due to Diffusion drift, thermal drift, thermophoresis and the poly- comprehensive function of condensation, Micro-nano granules or gas is moved to drop and be deposited on droplet surface cohesion increase, particle after increase can by similar to The inertia of larger particles is touched and further trapped by larger drop with interception function.
On the other hand, it is empty in drop or liquid film near surface when highdensity drop (or liquid film) surface is evaporated Between can produce the concentration gradient of vapor components, but be due to the liquid steam that saturation has been almost full with whole space, i.e. gas is total Pressure is constant, and now the flowing perpendicular to droplet surface will occur for air, and to this diffusion into the surface and be deposited on droplet surface Cohesion increase, the particle after increase can be touched by the inertia similar to larger particles and enter one by larger drop with interception function Step trapping.This gas flowing is referred to as stefen flow, due to many particle diameter distribution three-dimensional drops (being mainly drop herein) vortex field Containing fine liquid mist, so quantity is more, the specific surface area of drop is big, greatly adds the quantity and probability of stefen flow.By It is high in drop density, so stefen flow is apart from short, i.e., micro-nano granules be moved to droplet surface distance it is shorter, so and liquid The probability that drop interacts and is captured is greatly increased.Stefen flow effect is taken full advantage of in this way, to micro-nano Grain and gas are efficiently trapped.
Further, since air is different with the composition of liquid, there are chemical concentration gradients in air between material and droplet surface, So material is significantly greater than other directions towards drop material diffusion velocity in air.Micro-nano granules are in diffusion motion molecule Under shock, it can also produce and be moved with dispersal direction identical, this phenomenon is referred to as diffusiophoresis.Due to many particle diameter distribution three-dimensional drops Vortex field 210A contains fine liquid mist, so amount of droplets is more, the specific surface area of drop is big, greatly adds the number of diffusiophoresis Amount;Because drop density is high, so diffusiophoresis apart from short, i.e., micro-nano granules and gas molecule are moved to the distance of droplet surface It is shorter, so the probability being captured with droplet interaction is greatly increased.Diffusiophoresis effect is taken full advantage of in this way, Micro-nano granules and gas are efficiently trapped.
Under the shock of gas molecule, micro-nano granules thing, drop or gas do the Brownian movement of complexity, motion process In, micro-nano granules thing and drop contact and be captured, this process is diffusion adhesion.Spread in adhesion process, particulate and liquid Drip particle diameter smaller, contact more caused by diffusion, diffusion and particle concentration, gas-liquid relative velocity, drop density It is directly proportional.Due to many particle diameter distribution three-dimensional drops (being mainly drop herein), fine liquid mist is contained in vortex field, so drop density Greatly, quantity is more, greatly adds the probability of diffusion adhesion, diffusion adhesive attraction is taken full advantage of in this way, to micro-nano Rice grain and gas are efficiently trapped.
In a word, produced by three-dimensional drop 210A middle-high density fine droplets saturated vapor, vapor-liquid temperature gradient, change Learning concentration gradient, eddy current effect etc. can all promote diffusion adhesion, aggegation, Diffusion drift, thermal drift, stefen flow, thermophoresis to wait Journey, so as to greatly improve the purification efficiency to micro-nano granules thing and gaseous impurity.
Larger drop mainly touched with larger particulate matter, drop simultaneously, intercept etc. interaction and larger particles Thing and drop are removed.When swirl gas is by the fine liquid mist of lower floor, may have the fine small liquid mist in part can with air motion, but It is that these liquid mists can also be washed removing when air-flow drop layer big by upper strata.Thus, due to three-dimensional drop 210A fortune Dynamic speed, particle size distribution and pattern are adjustable, so as to meet all kinds of demands, relative to can only be produced in correlation technique Mass-and heat-transfer is more between raw single particle size or the drop and gas of certain fixed mode size distribution produced due to jet action Efficiently.
Simultaneously compared to static two-dimentional liquid film in correlation technique, three-dimensional liquid film 210B can more initiativelyly and gas Interaction, the scope of interaction extend to the whole three dimensions that moving surface is covered, and phase from original two-dimensional surface More excellent to speed, speed and scope are adjustable, can meet all kinds of demands.
For example, when liquid throwing device 100 is used for gas liquid reaction or gas purification, drop is along axle in three-dimensional drop 210A Be substantially to be become larger along airflow direction to size distribution, and three-dimensional liquid film 210B direction ensure liquid film face always with Gas motion direction counter motion in obtuse angle, so that when swirl gas is reversely mutual in obtuse angle with three-dimensional many particle diameter drop field directions During effect, eddy current effect enhances interaction efficiency.
For example, when impure gas is passed through from three-dimensional drop 210A, the big droplet collective effect of different-grain diameter is highly dense The micro-nano drop of degree or three-dimensional liquid film 210B mainly occur with micro-nano granules thing, drop and gas diffusion adhesion, aggegation, The mechanisms such as Diffusion drift, thermal drift, stefen flow, thermophoresis to gas to purify.
Below, reference picture 10 briefly describes the air purifier 1000 according to one of embodiment of the invention.
As shown in Figure 10, air purifier 1000 is many compartments, nested Zigzag type construction, and wherein housing can include shell 201 and at least one layer of inner casing 204, it can be limited respectively between shell 201 and inner casing 204 and inner casing 204 and inner casing 204 At least one reaction, purification channel, wherein, shell 201 can include:The bottom of bottom plate 202, side plate and top plate, wherein bottom plate 202 Portion can be provided with universal wheel 203.The middle and upper part that bottom in housing can be provided with device for storing liquid, housing, which can be provided with, gets rid of Liquid device 100, device for storing liquid is used for liquid and collects, stores liquid and provide liquid to liquid throwing device 100.
Device for storing liquid can include reservoir 301 and purifying net 304 etc., and wherein reservoir 301 is sealed including at least one The box of type, for example, reservoir 301 is it is so structured that the box of drawer type, now, the bottom of reservoir 301 can be provided with cunning Button 3011, bottom plate 202 can be provided with the chutes being adapted with slide fastener 3011, and slide fastener 3011 is connected with chute can ensure storage Liquid bath 301 is connected on the lower plate 202 there with drawer type.The inside of reservoir 301 is provided with least one purifying net 304, wherein, liquid storage The neck 3012 for being used for installing purifying net 304 can be provided with the side wall of groove 301, purifying net 304 is fixed on by neck 3012 In reservoir 301.
Reservoir 301 is divided at least two regions by least one purifying net 304, wherein, multiple regions of top are equal To reclaim chamber 305, the region of bottom is that liquid feed valve 308, liquid feed valve can be provided with feed flow chamber 306, the top cover of reservoir 301 308 can be located at inlet 303, and liquid feed valve 308 is connected by the concetrated pipe being located on lower clapboard 206 with liquid space 210 is got rid of Logical, such as concetrated pipe can be stretched into liquid return hole 207 to be connected with getting rid of liquid space 210, will get rid of the liquid in liquid space 210 Import in reservoir 301, the connection valve of liquid pump 603 is also provided with the top cover of reservoir 301, the connection valve of liquid pump 603 is by inhaling Liquid pipe 605 is connected with liquid pump 603, thinks the feed flow of liquid pump 603, and the lowest part of reservoir 301 is provided with tapping valve 307, works as storage Tapping valve 307 is used to discharge the waste liquid in reservoir 301 when liquid bath 301 changes liquid.Wherein, purifying net 304 can be changed.
Air purifier 1000 can also include power supply module 800, for example power supply module 800 can include power interface, Step-up transformer, exchange turn DC commutator, battery, power line 801, some wires, step-down transformer and integrated power supply control Making sheet etc..Specifically, the critical piece of power supply module 800 can be placed in region of the lower clapboard below 206, and can be using anti- Liquid cover is covered up, and to play a part of protecting power supply module 800, power line 801 can pass through the side wall of shell 201 or bottom plate Aperture on 202 is stretched out outside housing, and power line 801 can use the design similar to tape measure, and power line 801 is coiled in into one On elastic shaft, it can automatically retract, facilitate the use after stretching.Power interface is connected by power line 801 with external perimysium reference power supply Think that air purifier 1000 is powered.
Power interface turns DC commutator, alternating current generator 902 to the exchange in downstream by some wires and powered, power interface Or turn DC commutator through exchange and powered to step-up transformer and step-down transformer, exchange turn DC commutator can for battery and Direct current generator 901 is powered, and step-down transformer can provide low-tension supply for microprocessor developing plate, liquid throwing device 100 etc., wherein Liquid throwing device 100 connects negative pole.In use, the plug of power line 801 need to only be pulled out to insertion socket, battery-disassembled and more Change, power supply module 800 can realize intelligent control by microprocessor developing plate.All consuming parts in air purifier 1000 Microprocessor developing plate intelligent control can be passed through.
The part of upper spacer more than 205 can be divided into multiple intervals again, for example, can include being arranged on the top of inner casing 204 Exhaust air flue at outer shroud, exhaust air flue bottom is connected with getting rid of liquid space 210.Between shell 201 and at least one layer of inner casing 204 The air intake passage 211 of the sandwich limited, innermost layer inner casing 204 and lower clapboard 206, upper spacer 205 are limited and got rid of jointly Liquid space 210, liquid throwing device 100, which can be arranged on, to be got rid of in liquid space 210, and getting rid of can also be provided with vortex wind-guiding in liquid space 210 Vortex wind deflector 500 can be provided with plate 500, air intake passage 211, is got rid of in liquid space 210 along air motion direction (such as Figure 10 Shown in bottom-up direction) be sequentially provided with direct current generator 901, at least one layer of or liquid throwing plate 101, get rid of liquid brush 102, gas-liquid Separator 701, fan 702 and alternating current generator 902, wherein, direct current generator 901 and alternating current generator 902 can pass through branch respectively Frame 213 is fixed on inner casing 204.
Wherein, at least one layer of liquid throwing plate 101 is driven by direct current generator 901, gets rid of liquid brush 102, gas-liquid separator 701 and fan 702 are driven by alternating current generator 902, and the axle of direct current generator 901 and the axle of alternating current generator 902 are connected by bearing 903, freely to rotate. When to liquid throwing plate 101 and when getting rid of liquid 102 feed flow of brush, under the driving of corresponding motor, liquid throwing plate 101 and get rid of liquid brush 102 and revolve at a high speed Turn, under the action of the centrifugal force, liquid throwing plate 101 and the surface of bristle 1021 for getting rid of liquid brush 102 can form three-dimensional liquid film 210B, simultaneously Liquid film further move depart from liquid throwing plate 101 and get rid of liquid brush 102 1021 end of bristle when under inertia and jet action, can enter One step produces the three-dimensional drop 210A of many particle diameter distributions, and above-mentioned three-dimensional liquid film 210B and three-dimensional drop 210A can be to sky Gas plays efficient catharsis.
Cutting for the bristle 1021 of liquid brush 102 is got rid of from being tapered into a distance from central shaft along airflow direction in the outward flange of liquid throwing plate 101 Face girth and length are along airflow direction perimeter of section is become larger, length is gradually reduced, to cause produced three-dimensional drop 210A size droplet diameter gradually increases along airflow direction, three-dimensional liquid film 210B linear velocity is gradually reduced, so that air-flow can be with First fully interacted with the larger three-dimensional motion liquid film of linear velocity and the less drop of high density particle diameter, remove fine particle Thing and foreign gas, successively step by step backward the particulate matter of different-grain diameter respectively with corresponding functioning efficiency highest drop phase interaction With, improve the removal efficiency of Different Size Fractions thing and foreign gas, per the larger drop in one-level rear by with carried by air-flow before Square smaller droplet fusion, last most of all changes are big to fall to flowing back to reservoir 301 under gravity, what small part was not washed off Droplet is further removed by gas-liquid separator 701.
Air purifier 1000 further comprises liquid feed device, and liquid feed device can include liquid pump 603, feed pipe 601, liquid Body distributor 606 (such as shower nozzle), charging valve, magnetic valve 604, pipette 605 and sub- feed pipe 602.Liquid pump 603 enters Liquid mouthful 303 is connected with pipette 605, and pipette 605 is stretched into feed flow chamber 306 below liquid level, the liquid outlet and feed flow of liquid pump 603 Pipe 601 is connected, and feed pipe 601 can be transported up liquid along the side wall of cleaning module, and the side of catheter carries at least one Sub- feed pipe 602 or liquid distribution trough 606, sub- feed pipe 602 spray liquid onto liquid throwing plate 101, and liquid distribution trough 606 will The uniform branch of liquid is to getting rid of on liquid brush 102.
Under the driving of corresponding motor, liquid throwing plate 101 and get rid of liquid brush 102 and rotate at a high speed, under the action of the centrifugal force, can produce The three-dimensional drop vortex field 210A of the liquid film of three-dimensional motion and many particle diameter distributions, can play efficient catharsis to gas. In addition, liquid distribution trough 606 can also be by liquid spray to vortex wind deflector 500 so that the table of whole vortex wind deflector 500 Face forms one layer of liquid film, while to gas flow guiding, and gas can be implemented to purify.
Can be equipped with magnetic valve 604 to control liquid flow distribution on feed pipe 601, direct current generator 901 and alternating current generator 902 can Think hollow shaft motor, now feed pipe 601 can be penetrated in the hollow shaft of motor to be transported up liquid, now feed pipe 601 tube wall and motor-hollow axle axle side wall is provided with aperture, for liquid to be mapped into liquid throwing plate 101 and liquid brush 102 is got rid of.
In use, the liquid in air purifier 1000 can be changed using various ways, for example, can be by whole liquid storage Groove 301 is fully drawn out, to change liquid and add other materials, such as being put into encapsulation refrigerant or ice in a liquid, to pass through Liquid feed valve 308 and tapping valve 307 carry out replacing liquid, can also be by the extraneous liquid feed valve 308 that is located on external feed tube 309 Changing liquid automatically is carried out with tapping valve 307 and by the control of microprocessor developing plate.
In addition, it is necessary to could be formed with air inlet 208 on explanation, shell 201, air inlet 208 can be formed directly , can be with external on shell 201 on shell 201, can be in air intake when air inlet 208 is formed directly on shell 201 Air inlet net 2081 is set at mouth 208, now, the air in clean room is generally used for, when air inlet 208 is external in shell 201 When upper, the gas in external wind source space can be purified, when external wind source is outdoor air, clarifier can take out outdoor air Enter and be discharged into interior after purifying, realize the function of fresh-air ventilation, certainly, can also be same on housing the invention is not restricted to this Shi Caiyong above twos mode air intake simultaneously, at this point it is possible to simultaneously the clean room in the gas of institute's connection space.
When the pollutant in air, when the environmental quality indicators such as pollution particulate matter or formaldehyde are exceeded, microprocessor Development board will control liquid pump 603 and alternating current generator 902 is first begin to work, and liquid feed device takes out the liquid in reservoir 301 Go out, and distribute the liquid to vortex wind deflector 500 via feed pipe 601, sub- feed pipe 602, liquid distribution trough 606 etc., get rid of liquid Disk 101 and get rid of on liquid brush 102, the driving diameter of bristle 1021 of alternating current generator 902 or length get rid of liquid brush along what airflow direction successively decreased 102nd, gas-liquid separator 701 and fan 702 rotate so that get rid of the surface of 102 bristle of liquid brush 1021 and form three-dimensional motion liquid film, make it Surrounding space forms three-dimensional many particle diameter drops.
As needed, it can also set or manually while starting direct current generator 901, to drive diameter to successively decrease along airflow direction The high-speed rotation of liquid throwing plate 101, its surface is formed three-dimensional motion liquid film, its surrounding space forms three-dimensional many particle diameter drops.
At the same time, due to the swabbing action of fan 702, air intake passage 211 and get rid of negative pressure, gas are produced in liquid space 210 Body can be vortexed and enter from the area of air inlet net 2081, and form whirlwind swirl gas along vortex wind deflector 500 in air channel, entirely During swirl gas and the surface liquid film interaction initial gross separation purification of vortex wind deflector 500.
Further, swirl gas passes through liquid throwing plate 101, gets rid of the three-dimensional many particle diameter drops and three-dimensional of the generation of liquid brush 102 When moving liquid film, the clean-up effect that manifold effect is integrated further is realized.Drop cyclone-type size distribution can be carried out as needed Design regulation, when for gas purification, its vertically size distribution substantially become larger from bottom to top.Preferably, Get rid of swirl gas in liquid space 210 and the three-dimensional charged droplet vortex field of many particle diameter distributions and three-dimensional motion liquid film direction in obtuse angle Reversely interaction, so that eddy current effect enhances interaction efficiency.
Thus, when impure gas is passed through from three-dimensional drop 210A, the big droplet collective effect of different-grain diameter is highly dense Degree micro-nano drop and with three-dimensional motion liquid film mainly with micro-nano granules thing, drop and gas occur diffusion adhesion, aggegation, The processes such as Diffusion drift, thermal drift, stefen flow, thermophoresis are purified to gas.Three-dimensional many particle diameter drops or three-dimensional motion Liquid film gas liquid reaction, the saturated vapor got rid of in liquid space 210, vapor-liquid temperature gradient, chemical concentration gradients, eddy current effect etc. all can Promote the processes such as diffusion adhesion, aggegation, Diffusion drift, thermal drift, stefen flow, thermophoresis.
Larger particulate matter with larger drop and three-dimensional motion liquid film mainly by occurring inertial collision, interception etc. mutually Act on and be purified.When swirl gas is by the fine liquid mist of lower floor, may have the fine small liquid mist in part can with air motion, But when air-flow drop layer big by upper strata, these liquid mists can also be washed removing.In addition, by setting revolving gas-liquid Separator 701, can prevent a small number of micro-nano drops from taking housing out of by air-flow and getting in.
Thickly dotted venturi orifices can be provided with vortex wind deflector 500 in addition, it is net to form gasket packing tower foam Change effect.Vortex wind deflector 500 and liquid throwing plate 101, get rid of venturi seam is formed between liquid brush 102, to simulate venturi type purification Effect.Particulate matter, drop and a small amount of gas of liquid used are not dissolved in for some, especially below PM10 particulate matters are multiple It can be also removed under scouring effect effect.
All pollutant, bacteriums for dissolving, adsorb, being washed into liquid etc. with liquid together via liquid return hole 207 at Liquid feed valve 308 flow into reservoir 301, and secondary deep can purify in a liquid, for example, for bacterium and first in liquid The reductive organic matters such as aldehyde, can be killed by way of adding the nonhazardous material such as appropriate potassium permanganate in a liquid to aoxidize Go out and remove, and for remaining organic pollution (such as VOCs), can by be arranged in reservoir 301 by activity The Adsorption of purifying net 304 that the porous materials such as charcoal are made.Liquid frequency is changed in addition, if improving, then need not add additive, together Sample can play clean-up effect well.
In addition, in order to avoid secondary pollution, improving the self-cleaning performance of air purifier 1000, it is vortexed wind deflector 500, gets rid of Liquid disk 101, get rid of the parts such as liquid brush 102, reservoir 301, feed pipe 601, liquid distribution trough 606, pipette 605 and can select It is made of the material of oleophobic, while inner casing 204 and support 213 etc. are manufactured from oleophobic rush-resisting material, it is long-term so as to prevent The problems such as greasy dirt, breed bacteria are produced during using air purifier 1000, in air purifier 1000, is got rusty.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " on ", " under ", " top ", " bottom ", " interior ", " outer ", " axle To ", " radial direction ", the orientation of the instruction such as " circumference " or position relationship be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, be only for It is easy to the description present invention and simplifies description, rather than indicates or imply that signified device or element there must be specific side Position, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance Or the implicit quantity for indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, define " first ", the feature of " second " can express or Implicitly include one or more this feature.In the description of the invention, " multiple " are meant that two or more, Unless otherwise specifically defined.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " etc. Term should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or integrally;Can be that machinery connects Connect or electrically connect, can also be communication;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirectly connected to by intermediary, can be with It is connection or the interaction relationship of two elements of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, may be used To understand the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention as the case may be.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, fisrt feature can be with "above" or "below" second feature It is that the first and second features are directly contacted, or the first and second features pass through intermediary mediate contact.Moreover, fisrt feature exists Second feature " on ", " top " and " above " but fisrt feature are directly over second feature or oblique upper, or be merely representative of Fisrt feature level height is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature second feature " under ", " lower section " and " below " can be One feature is immediately below second feature or obliquely downward, or is merely representative of fisrt feature level height less than second feature.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means to combine specific features, structure, material or the spy that the embodiment or example are described Point is contained at least one embodiment of the present invention or example.In this manual, to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term not Identical embodiment or example must be directed to.Moreover, specific features, structure, material or the feature of description can be with office Combined in an appropriate manner in one or more embodiments or example.In addition, in the case of not conflicting, the skill of this area Art personnel can be tied the not be the same as Example or the feature of example and non-be the same as Example or example described in this specification Close and combine.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that:Not In the case of departing from the principle and objective of the present invention a variety of change, modification, replacement and modification can be carried out to these embodiments, this The scope of invention is limited by claim and its equivalent.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of liquid throwing device, it is characterised in that including:
Get rid of liquid component, it is described get rid of liquid component and be configured to that the liquid for getting rid of liquid component will be fed to be converted into be formed get rid of liquid described Three-dimensional liquid in three dimensions where component, the three-dimensional liquid is included in three-dimensional drop and three-dimensional liquid film at least One, the three-dimensional drop is made up of one or more particle diameter drops with predetermined distribution pattern, the three-dimensional liquid film by Formed and constituted in the liquid film that gets rid of on liquid component, the three-dimensional liquid is adjustable and for removing in air particle diameter at 10 microns Pollutant of the larger particles and particle diameter above below 10 microns,
Wherein, the liquid component that gets rid of includes rotating shaft and at least one liquid throwing plate, and at least one described liquid throwing plate is detachably connected In the rotating shaft, wherein at least one described liquid throwing plate is rotatable around the rotation axis of the rotating shaft, the rotation axis is The central axis of the rotating shaft;Or, the liquid component that gets rid of gets rid of liquid brush including rotating shaft with least one, each described to get rid of liquid brush bag Include multiple bristles, it is described at least one get rid of liquid brush and be detachably connected in the rotating shaft, wherein it is described at least one get rid of liquid brush Rotation axis around the rotating shaft is rotatable, and the rotation axis is the central axis of the rotating shaft, wherein, the three-dimensional drop The particle diameter distribution of drop is between several microns to several millimeters in adjustable and described three-dimensional drop, and in the central axis On along the particle diameter distribution of drop in the reverse purge flow direction of air, the three-dimensional drop be by small gradually increase or, by Big be gradually reduced gradually increases again;
Wherein, the rotating shaft is formed as being formed with multiple liquid-through holes in hollow tubular, the rotating shaft so that the liquid is by described Multiple liquid-through holes are thrown away.
2. liquid throwing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the liquid throwing plate is multiple and the multiple liquid throwing plate At least two area being spaced apart in the axial direction of the rotating shaft in distribution, the multiple liquid throwing plate is unequal.
3. liquid throwing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that each liquid throwing plate is pyramidal structure or circle Disk.
4. liquid throwing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that at least part surface of each liquid throwing plate is formed For mat surface.
5. liquid throwing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that each liquid throwing plate is loose and porous structure, net Shape lamellar structure or foliation structure.
6. liquid throwing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the liquid brush that gets rid of is the multiple to get rid of liquid brush to be multiple In at least two described in get rid of liquid brush the bristle size and/or structure it is different.
7. liquid throwing device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that get rid of bristle described at least two of liquid brush described in each Size and/or structure it is different.
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CN104923020A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-23 航天环境工程有限公司 High-efficiency pneumatic pipe bundle phase-change dedusting and demisting device and application
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