CN104436103A - 一种外用追风透骨贴及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种外用追风透骨贴及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN104436103A
CN104436103A CN201410616950.7A CN201410616950A CN104436103A CN 104436103 A CN104436103 A CN 104436103A CN 201410616950 A CN201410616950 A CN 201410616950A CN 104436103 A CN104436103 A CN 104436103A
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radix
crude drug
prescription
whole
chinese medicine
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王全文
王小青
李燕
徐燕
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王全文
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种外用追风透骨贴,由A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方、C组原生药药方和新型改性膏药基质按组成,其中A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质的比例为1∶1∶3-4。本发明的优点是:本发明还可做成湿敷贴和散剂贴;本发明制成的追风透骨贴利用局部或穴位外贴来治疗疾病;本贴缓释性好、渗透力强,柔和性好,粘附力适中,无毒副作用,可贴用3天-6天;本贴制作工艺简单,劳动强度小,工时短,成本低。

Description

一种外用追风透骨贴及其制备方法
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及中药外用药物领域,尤其是一种外用追风透骨贴及其制备方法。
背景技术
[0002] 在现有技术中,贴普遍存在以下缺点:一、治疗病种单一,如:伤湿止痛膏,只对风 湿疼痛有作用。二、使用范围窄,如宝宝一贴灵只能贴在婴儿肚脐上等;三、皮肤容易产生过 敏反应,如:象皮膏、伤湿止痛膏等多使皮肤发痒;四、效应周期短,一般效应周期都在24小 时-48小时以内;五、治病范围小,只限于治疗局部症状,如伤湿止痛膏、麝香壮骨膏只限于 局部疼痛;六、制备方法复杂,如铅丹膏药制备需炸药、煮料、炼油等。此外,市场上出售的热 容胶基质做成的贴,虽然粘性强,但缓释性、渗透力差,做出的贴只能贴一天,最多贴两天就 须更换,且膏中的药物成份释放不完全,造成极大的浪费。
发明内容
[0003] 为了克服上述缺陷,本发明旨在提供一种祛风、除湿、散寒、活血化瘀、消炎镇痛外 用追风透骨贴及其制备方法。
[0004] 为了实现上述目的,本发明的技术方案是:
[0005] -种外用追风透骨贴,由A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方、C组原生药药方 和新型改性膏药基质按组成,其中A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基 质的比例为I : 1 : 3-4;所述A组原生药药方由以下重量份的原生药组成:甲珠45-55g、 海龙45-55g、鹿茸30-40g、白花蛇18-23g、蝉脱18-23g、全虫18-23g、蜈蚣10-12g、血竭 15-25g、麻黄18-25g、藤黄20-25g、蜂胶粉50-60g、肉桂20-25g、血余炭45-60g、火麻炭 45-60g、牛角炭45-60g、生半下18-25g、蜜佗僧100-140g、皂角45-55g、自然铜15-25g ;所 述B组中药提取物药方由以下重量份的中药提取物组成:川乌20-30g、草乌20-30g、马钱子 8-12g、细辛 10-14g、雷公藤 6-8g、三棱 3-4. 5g、莪术 3-4. 5g、南星 2-2. 5g、乳香 4. 5-5. 5g、 没药4. 5-5. 5g、羌活3-4g、独活3-4g、木鳖子6-7g、秦艽4. 5-5. 5g、灵仙4. 5-5. 5g、皂刺 6_7g、桂枝5_6g、透骨草6_7g、寻骨风4. 5-5. 5g、伸筋草4. 5-5. 5g、海风藤4. 5-5. 5g、红 花 4. 5-5. 5g、川弯 4. 5-5. 5g、白巧 6_7g、大黄 6_7g、蒲公英 4. 5-5. 5g、黄苳 L 8-2. 5g、黄 连 I. 8-2. 5g、黄柏 I. 8-2. 5g、白芷 3-4g、防风 3-4g、三七 5-6g、杏仁 3-4g、桃仁 3-4g、厚 补 2. 5-3. 5g、枳实 3-4g、香附 4-5. 5g、槟郎 3-4g、巴豆 L 5-2. 3g、茯苓 5. 5-6. 5g、蓖麻子 4. 5-5. 5g、生地 2. 5-3. 5g、元参 2. 5-3. 5g、天花粉 2. 5-3. 5g、鸡血藤 6-7g、当归 6-7g、元胡 4. 5-5. 5g、牛夕4-5. 5g、防己4-5g、五倍子2-3g、姜黄4-5g、葛根4-5g、桑寄生4-5g、黄苗 4_5g、狗脊4-5g、杜仲4-5g、仙灵脾4-5g、甘姜7. 5-8. 5g、甘草5-6g ;所述C组原生药药方由 簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油组成,所述簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、 辣椒油占 A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和的重量百 分比为簿荷脑0. 6-1 %、冰片0. 6-1 %、樟脑1-1. 6%、丁香油0. 6-1. 2%、按叶油0. 6-1. 2%、 辣椒油1. 2-2%。
[0006] 进一步优化方案:所述A组原生药药方中的原生药中甲珠、海龙、全虫、蜈蚣、白花 蛇、蝶脱、簏鸾、血竭、麻黄粉碎存储;藤黄、蜂胶粉、肉桂、血余炭、火麻炭、牛角炭、生半下、 蜜佗僧、皂角、自然铜烘干、粉碎、过80-120目萝后装筒密封。
[0007] 进一步优化方案:所述A组原生药药方中的原生药烘干、粉碎、过120目萝后装筒 密封。
[0008] 进一步优化方案:所述B组中药提取物药方中的中药提取物1克相当于8克相对 应的原生药。
[0009] 进一步优化方案:所述B组中药提取物药方中的中药提取物混匀装瓶密封保存。 [0010] 本发明还提供了外用追风透骨贴的制备方法,它包括以下步骤:
[0011] 步骤一 :1)按A组原生药药方秤取原料药一份;2)按B组中药提取物药方秤取 中药提取物一份;3)秤取新型改性膏药基质3-4份;4)按C组原生药药方组成原生药占 A 组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和的重量百分比秤取簿 荷脑0· 6-1%、冰片0· 6-1%、樟脑1-1. 6%、丁香油0· 6-1. 2%、按叶油0· 6-1. 2%、辣椒油 1. 2-2% ;
[0012] 步骤二:将新型改性膏药基质用不锈钢锅文火加热100-120度化开,搅拌匀后停 止加温,温度降到70-80度时,徐徐加入步骤一秤取的A组原生药和B组中药提取物药,充 分搅拌均匀,待温度降到60-70度左右时,将步骤一秤取的簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按 叶油、辣椒油同时加入搅拌均匀即可得到混合物;
[0013] 步骤三、用边长为12厘米的正方型贴布包裹8克直径5-8厘米、厚度0. 2-0. 3厘 米的步骤二制作的混合物;用边长为15厘米的正方形贴布包裹Hg直径9-11厘米、厚度 0. 25-0. 35厘米的步骤二制作的混合物。
[0014] 方解:蜂胶粉、细辛、甲珠、四者合用能使药物通过经络传导达到治疗疾病的目的。 穿山甲、皂刺、蓖麻子、木鳖子、乳香、没药、皂角有消除骨质增生、纤维增生的作用;麻黄、白 芷、防风、马钱子有恢复局部肌力的作用;透骨草、寻骨风、自然铜三者合用,具有固肾益精、 益智延年、通血脉、舒筋活血、强筋健骨的功效;牛夕、防己、鹿茸、海龙、黄芪、鸡血藤、桑寄 生、杜仲、狗脊、仙灵脾可益肝肾,补气血,壮筋骨,除痹之痛;簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、 按叶油、辣椒油,芳香走串,渗透力强,可引诸药直达病所,且可活血化瘀通经,加强镇痛作 用,促进皮肤对药物的吸收,诸药合用则具有温经散寒,祛风通络,活血散瘀,软坚散结,除 痹镇痛之功效。加入蜂胶粉、穿山甲、三七、川、草乌、马钱子、雷公藤、白芍、皂刺、蓖麻子、 木鳖子、乳香、没药、细辛、桂枝、姜黄、葛根、白芷、防风、麻黄、皂角等可用于治疗风湿、类风 湿、强脊炎、乳腺病、骨质增生、椎简盘突出,并能更加有效的治疗各种颈、肩、腰、腿痛。本 方中:蜂胶粉增强免疫,修复机营养不良细胞,提高抗体,广普抗菌,攻毒、抗炎、镇痛、亲神 经,祛风除湿治骨痹;川乌、草乌、马钱子、细辛、雷公藤:祛风湿,散寒止痛,治风寒湿痹,除 沉寒痼疾;蜈蚣、全虫、藤黄熄风镇痉、解痉,消炎、消肿、攻毒,通络止痛;透骨草、寻骨风、 自然铜三者合用具有固肾益精、益智延年、通血脉、舒筋活血、强筋健骨等功效;穿山甲、皂 刺、木鳖子具有泻水逐飲,消肿散结,外用散结,筋脉拘挛,消除骨质增生,风湿骨痹;秦艽、 威灵仙、羌活、独活、透骨草、桂枝、姜黄、葛根、海风藤、伸筋草具有祛风散寒,除湿消肿,舒 筋活血,治风寒湿痹,能祛风通络,通经除痹痛;三七、血竭、红花、三棱、莪术、破血、活血、祛 瘀,行气止痛,逐瘀通经,瘀去则新生经通则促进血液循环,改善病变部位的血运,有利于病 损组织的恢复;乳香、没药活血散瘀、镇痛;川芎、赤芍、威灵仙可通经活络;大黄、浦公英、 五倍子具有泻火解毒,破积滞,行瘀血,外用清火解毒,抗菌消炎、消肿,除血肿;黄芩、黄连、 黄柏、麻黄、防风、白芷:消热燥湿,泻火解毒,祛风解表,散寒止痛,除湿通窍,解热镇痛,抗 炎;生半下具有泻水逐飲,祛痰止咳,外用杀虫疗疮;桃仁、杏仁具有破血行瘀,活血祛瘀, 抗炎镇痛,平喘,润肠通便,补充蛋白质,微量元素;白花蛇、蝉脱具有定惊、祛风、解毒,宣散 风热,皮肤瘙痒;厚朴具有行气、燥湿、消积;枳实具有破气消积,化痰除痞;香附、槟榔具有 破滞、疏肝理气,调经止痛;巴豆具有温通寒积,逐水消肿,祛痰、外治疮癣、痈肿;茯苓、蓖 麻子、血余炭具有泻下导滞,通络利窍,水肿胀满,化瘀利尿,止血、抗菌,跌补损伤;生地、玄 参、天花粉、牛角粉具有生津、清热、凉血、止血,知阴降火,定惊、解毒、散结;当归、元胡、火 麻炭具有通络益气血,养阴知补肝肾,补虚损,养心养血;跌扑损伤,风湿痹痛;牛夕、防己、 鹿茸、海龙、黄芪、桑寄生、鸡血藤、狗脊、杜仲、仙灵脾具有可益肝肾,补气血、壮筋骨,除痹 之痛;白芍具有调节免疫力,养血柔肝,缓中止痛,治四肢拘挛疼痛;肉桂、甘姜具有补火助 阳,散寒止痛,温通经脉;密佗僧具有燥湿、杀虫、收敛、解毒、防腐;甘草具有补脾益气,清 热解毒,祛痰止咳,缓急止痛,调和诸药;簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油具有芳 香走串,渗透力强,可引诸药直达病灶,且可活血化瘀通经,加强镇痛作用,促进皮肤对药物 的吸收。
[0015] 本发明的优点是:本发明还可做成湿敷贴和散剂贴;本发明制成的追风透骨贴利 用局部或穴位外贴,通过渗透于肌肉皮肤或刺激穴位,来调节经络,平衡脏腑,治疗疾病风 湿、类风湿关节炎、强直性脊柱炎、骨质增生、关节肿大、椎间盘膨出、突出,椎间管狭窄、座 骨神经痛、乳腺病,各种颈、肩、腰、腿痛;其功效是祛风、除湿、散寒、活血化瘀,软坚散结,消 炎镇痛;本贴缓释性好、渗透力强,柔和性强,粘附力适中,疗效3-6天;本贴以外敷治疗疾 病,可避免打针、吃药对患者所造成的毒副作用;本贴无需烘烤,随揭随贴,方便使用,柔软, 舒适,不残留,不污染皮肤;本贴制作工艺简单,不需炸料、煮料,只需将药粉与基质加温混 合,即减轻劳动强度,缩短工时,又降低了成本。
具体实施方式
[0016] 下面结合具体实施例,进一步来介绍本发明。这些实施例子不用于限制本发明的 范围。
[0017] 实施例一
[0018] 一种外用追风透骨贴,由A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方、C组原生药药方和 新型改性膏药基质按组成,其中A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质 的比例为I : I : 3-4;A组原生药药方由以下重量份的原生药组成:甲珠45g、海龙45g、鹿 茸30g、白花蛇18g、蝉脱18g、全虫18g、蜈蚣10g、血竭15g、麻黄18g、藤黄20g、蜂胶粉50g、 肉桂20g、血余炭45g、火麻炭45g、牛角炭45g、生半下18g、蜜佗僧100g、阜角45g、自然铜 15g ;B组中药提取物药方由以下重量份的中药提取物组成:川乌20g、草乌20g、马钱子8g、 细辛l〇g、雷公藤6g、三棱3g、莪术3g、南星2. g、乳香4. 5g、没药4. 5g、羌活3g、独活3g、木 鳖子6g、秦艽4. 5g、灵仙4. 5g、皂刺6g、桂枝5g、透骨草6g、寻骨风4. 5g、伸筋草4. 5g、海风 藤4. 5g、红花4. 5g、川芎4. 5g、白芍6g、大黄6g、蒲公英4. 5g、黄芩I. 8g、黄连I. 8g、黄柏 I. 8g、白]E 3g、防风3g、三七5g、杏仁3g、桃仁3g、厚补2. 5g、积实3g、香附4. 5g、槟郎3g、巴 豆I. 5g、获考:5. 5g、菌麻子4. 5g、生地2. 5g、元参2. 5g、天花粉2. 5g、鸡血藤6g、当归6g、元 胡4. 5g、牛夕4. 5g、防己4g、五倍子2. g、姜黄4g、葛根4g、桑寄生4g、黄苗4g、狗脊4g、杜仲 4g、仙灵脾4g、甘姜7. 5g、甘草5g ;所述C组原生药药方由簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶 油、辣椒油组成,所述簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油占 A组原生药药方、B组中 药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和的重量百分比为簿荷脑1%、冰片1%、樟脑 1. 6%、丁香油0. 6%、按叶油0. 6%、辣椒油2%。
[0019] A组原生药药方中的原生药烘干、粉碎、过80-120目萝后装筒密封。
[0020] B组中药提取物药方中的中药提取物1克相当于8克相对应的原生药。
[0021] 所述B组中药提取物药方中的中药提取物混匀装瓶密封保存。
[0022] 本实施例的制备方法,它包括以下步骤:
[0023] 步骤一 :1)按A组原生药药方秤取原料药一份;2)按B组中药提取物药方秤取中 药提取物一份;3)秤取新型改性膏药基质3份;4)按C组原生药药方组成原生药占 A组原 生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和的重量百分比秤取簿荷脑 1 %、冰片1 %、樟脑1. 6%、丁香油0. 6%、按叶油0. 6%、辣椒油2% ;
[0024] 步骤二:将新型改性膏药基质用不锈钢锅文火加热100度化开,搅拌匀后停止加 温,温度降到80度时,徐徐加入步骤一秤取的A组原生药和B组中药提取物药,充分搅拌均 匀,待温度降到70度左右时,将步骤一秤取的簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油 同时加入搅拌均匀即可得到混合物;
[0025] 步骤三、用边长为12厘米的正方型贴布包裹8克直径7. 5厘米、厚度0. 2厘米的 步骤二制作的混合物;用边长为15厘米的正方形贴布包裹Hg直径10厘米、厚度0. 25厘 米的步骤二制作的混合物。
[0026] 使用方法:本贴于阿是穴(疼点)贴敷或穴位外贴。夏天1贴使用3天,春、秋、冬 季一贴使用3-6天,一疗程5贴。
[0027] 实施例二
[0028] 一种外用追风透骨贴,由A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方、C组原生药药方和 新型改性膏药基质按组成,其中A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质 的比例为I : I : 3-4;A组原生药药方由以下重量份的原生药组成:甲珠50g、海龙50g、 鹿茸35g、白花蛇20g、蝉脱20g、全虫20g、蜈蚣llg、血竭20g、麻黄20g、藤黄23g、蜂胶粉 55g、肉桂22g、血余炭53g、火麻炭53g、牛角炭53g、生半下22. 5g、蜜佗僧120g、皂角50g、自 然铜20g ;B组中药提取物药方由以下重量份的中药提取物组成:川乌25g、草乌25g、马钱 子10g、细辛12g、雷公藤7g、三棱4g、莪术4g、南星2. 25g、乳香5g、没药5g、羌活3. 5g、独 活3. 5g、木鳘子6. 5g、秦究5g、灵仙5g、阜刺6. 5g、桂枝5. 5g、透骨草6. 5g、寻骨风5g、伸筋 草5g、海风藤5g、红花5g、川芎5g、白芍6. 5g、大黄6. 5g、蒲公英5g、黄芩2. 2g、黄连2. 2g、 黄柏2. 2g、白芷3. 5g、防风3. 5g、三七5. 5g、杏仁3. 5g、桃仁3. 5g、厚补3g、枳实3. 5g、香附 5g、槟郎3. 5g、巴豆I. 9g、获茶6g、菌麻子5g、生地3g、元参3g、天花粉3g、鸡血藤6. 5g、当 归6. 5g、元胡5g、牛夕5g、防己4. 5g、五倍子2. 5g、姜黄4. 5g、葛根4. 5g、桑寄生4. 5g、黄芪 4. 5g、狗脊4. 5g、杜仲4. 5g、仙灵脾4. 5g、甘姜8g、甘草5. 5g ;所述C组原生药药方由簿荷 脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油组成,所述簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒 油占 A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和的重量百分比 为簿荷脑0.6%、冰片0.6%、樟脑I. 6%、丁香油I. 2%、按叶油I. 2%、辣椒油1.2%。
[0029] A组原生药药方中的原生药烘干、粉碎、过80-120目萝后装筒密封。
[0030] B组中药提取物药方中的中药提取物1克相当于8克相对应的原生药。
[0031] 所述B组中药提取物药方中的中药提取物混匀装瓶密封保存。
[0032] 本实施例的制备方法,它包括以下步骤:
[0033] 步骤一 :1)按A组原生药药方秤取原料药一份;2)按B组中药提取物药方秤取中 药提取物一份;3)秤取新型改性膏药基质3份;4)按C组原生药药方组成原生药占 A组原 生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和的重量百分比秤取簿荷脑 0. 6%、冰片0. 6%、樟脑1. 6%、丁香油1. 2%、按叶油1. 2%、辣椒油1. 2% ;
[0034] 步骤二:将新型改性膏药基质用不锈钢锅文火加热100度化开,搅拌匀后停止加 温,温度降到80度时,徐徐加入步骤一秤取的A组原生药和B组中药提取物药,充分搅拌均 匀,待温度降到70度左右时,将步骤一秤取的簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油 同时加入搅拌均匀即可得到混合物;
[0035] 步骤三、用边长为12厘米的正方型贴布包裹8克直径7. 5厘米、厚度0. 2厘米的 步骤二制作的混合物;用边长为15厘米的正方形贴布包裹Hg直径10厘米、厚度0. 25厘 米的步骤二制作的混合物。
[0036] 使用方法:本贴于阿是穴(疼点)贴敷或穴位外贴。夏天1贴使用3天,春、秋、冬 季一贴使用3-6天,一疗程5贴。
[0037] 实施例三
[0038] 一种外用追风透骨贴,由A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方、C组原生药药方 和新型改性膏药基质按组成,其中A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药 基质的比例为I : 1 : 3-4 ;A组原生药药方由以下重量份的原生药组成:甲珠55g、海龙 55g、鹿茸40g、白花蛇23g、蝉脱23g、全虫23g、蜈蚣12g、血竭25g、麻黄25g、藤黄25g、蜂胶 粉60g、肉桂25g、血余炭60g、火麻炭60g、牛角炭60g、生半下25g、蜜佗僧140g、阜角55g、 自然铜25g ;B组中药提取物药方由以下重量份的中药提取物组成:川乌30g、草乌30g、马 钱子12g、细辛14g、雷公藤8g、三棱4. 5g、莪术4. 5g、南星2. 5g、乳香5. 5g、没药5. 5g、羌 活4g、独活4g、木鳘子7g、秦究5. 5g、灵仙5. 5g、阜刺7g、桂枝6g、透骨草7g、寻骨风5. 5g、 伸筋草5. 5g、海风藤5. 5g、红花5. 5g、川芎5. 5g、白芍7g、大黄7g、蒲公英5. 5g、黄芩2. 5g、 黄连2. 5g、黄柏2. 5g、白芷4g、防风4g、三七6g、杏仁4g、桃仁4g、厚补3. 5g、枳实4g、香附 5. 5g、槟郎4g、巴豆2. 3g、获考:6. 5g、菌麻子5. 5g、生地3. 5g、元参3. 5g、天花粉3. 5g、鸡血 藤7g、当归7g、元胡5. 5g、牛夕5. 5g、防己5g、五倍子3g、姜黄5g、葛根5g、桑寄生5g、黄苗 5g、狗脊5g、杜仲5g、仙灵脾5g、甘姜8. 5g、甘草6g ;所述C组原生药药方由簿荷脑、冰片、 樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油组成,所述簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油占 A组 原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和的重量百分比为簿荷脑 0. 7%、冰片0. 7%、樟脑1. 3%、丁香油1 %、按叶油1 %、辣椒油1. 5%。
[0039] A组原生药药方中的原生药烘干、粉碎、过80-120目萝后装筒密封。
[0040] B组中药提取物药方中的中药提取物1克相当于8克相对应的原生药。
[0041] 所述B组中药提取物药方中的中药提取物混匀装瓶密封保存。
[0042] 本实施例的制备方法,它包括以下步骤:
[0043] 步骤一 :1)按A组原生药药方秤取原料药一份;2)按B组中药提取物药方秤取中 药提取物一份;3)秤取新型改性膏药基质3份;4)按C组原生药药方组成原生药占 A组原 生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和的重量百分比秤取簿荷脑 0. 7%、冰片0. 7%、樟脑1. 3%、丁香油1%、按叶油1%、辣椒油1. 5% ;
[0044] 步骤二:将新型改性膏药基质用不锈钢锅文火加热100度化开,搅拌匀后停止加 温,温度降到80度时,徐徐加入步骤一秤取的A组原生药和B组中药提取物药,充分搅拌均 匀,待温度降到70度左右时,将步骤一秤取的簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油 同时加入搅拌均匀即可得到混合物;
[0045] 步骤三、用边长为12厘米的正方型贴布包裹8克直径7. 5厘米、厚度0. 2厘米的 步骤二制作的混合物;用边长为15厘米的正方形贴布包裹Hg直径10厘米、厚度0. 25厘 米的步骤二制作的混合物。
[0046] 使用方法:本贴于阿是穴(疼点)贴敷或穴位外贴。夏天1贴使用3天,春、秋、冬 季一贴使用3-6天,一疗程5贴。
[0047] 疗效判定标准:患者症状消失,患处功能恢复正常,无复发。
[0048] 治疗结果:结果见下表1.
[0049]
Figure CN104436103AD00091
[0050] 典型病例
[0051] 病例一:董先生,65岁,患类风湿10年,掌指关节,肘关节,腕关节,膝关节,肩关节 肿痛,行走不便,膝关节和掌指关节明显僵硬变型,先后在其它医院治疗多次,效果不佳。经 人介绍使用本贴,患者虽属多关节型,但痛有定处,采取让患者在疼痛处贴敷贴,10天一疗 程,两个疗程后,症状明显改善,五个疗程后疼痛消失,患者行动自如,上楼也不觉疼痛。
[0052] 病例二:任某,女,48岁,五年前左乳中有结块,后逐渐增大,经诊断,左乳外侧和 右乳中间分别有2 X 3cm2 X 2cm大小两结块,质硬并随月经周期疼痛加重减轻,诊为乳腺增 生。使用本贴外贴两肿块,六天一换,十天后肿块变软、缩小,疼痛减轻,三十天治愈,三个月 后无复发。
[0053] 病例三:田孔雀,女,48岁,在家干活不小心扭腰,左臀部延至大腿巨痛不能站立, 卧床休息。第二天早上疼的更利害,少一动便巨痛,不能下床,诊断为腰4、5椎间盘突出压 迫神经根引起腿不能动,正骨后使用本贴局部外贴治疗,只一贴,五天后症状全部消失。
[0054] 病例四:王全喜,男,74岁,突然不能挺腰,站不起来,腰巨裂疼痛,越活动疼痛越 利害,诊断为腰3、4椎间盘急性突出症。正骨后,使用本贴局部外贴治疗。三天后,用同样 方法治疗一次,症状全部消失,彻底治愈,未复发。
[0055] 病例五:王先生,41岁,在施工中不慎从墙上跌下来经诊断为腰2、3椎间盘膨出、 突出症,腰痛不能直腰,小腿肚胀痛,疼痛难忍,正骨后,使用本贴外贴患处,三十天彻底康 复,末复发。
[0056] 病例六:王先生,男,70岁,患颈、肩综合症,颈椎严重不适,肩关节疼痛,病程两年 多。使用本贴,大椎穴与肩前后痛处各贴一张,6天共用15张贴后疼痛缓解减轻,30天后症 状全部消失,无复发。
[0057] 病例七:王先生,男,60岁,患网球肘,活动受限不能伸展,疼痛,晚上更甚,病程两 年。使用本贴在肘关节处上下贴两贴,共用四贴,疼痛完全消失,功能恢复,彻底治愈。
[0058] 病例八:王先生,62岁,患右滕关节炎、关节肿大,骨质增生,活动受限,蹲不下,站 不起来,并伴随疼痛。使用本贴3贴,15天后,症状消失,活动自如。

Claims (6)

1. 一种外用追风透骨贴,其特征在于:由A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方、C组 原生药药方和新型改性膏药基质按组成,其中A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新 型改性膏药基质的比例为1 : 1 : 3-4;所述A组原生药药方由以下重量份的原生药组 成:甲珠45-55g、海龙45-55g、鹿茸30-40g、白花蛇18-23g、蝉脱18-23g、全虫18-23g、蜈 蚣10-12g、血竭15-25g、麻黄18-25g、藤黄20-25g、蜂胶粉50-60g、肉桂20-25g、血余炭 45-60g、火麻炭45-60g、牛角炭45-60g、生半下18-25g、蜜佗僧100-140g、皂角45-55g、自然 铜15-25g ;所述B组中药提取物药方由以下重量份的中药提取物组成:川乌20-30g、草乌 20-30g、马钱子 8-12g、细辛 10-14g、雷公藤 6-8g、三棱 3-4. 5g、莪术 3-4. 5g、南星 2-2. 5g、 乳香4. 5-5. 5g、没药4. 5-5. 5g、羌活3-4g、独活3-4g、木鳖子6-7g、秦艽4. 5-5. 5g、灵仙 4. 5-5. 5g、阜刺6_7g、桂枝5_6g、透骨草6_7g、寻骨风4. 5-5. 5g、伸筋草4. 5-5. 5g、海风 藤 4. 5-5. 5g、红花 4. 5-5. 5g、川弯 4. 5-5. 5g、白巧 6_7g、大黄 6_7g、蒲公英 4. 5-5. 5g、黄苳 1. 8-2. 5g、黄连 1. 8-2. 5g、黄柏 1. 8-2. 5g、白芷 3-4g、防风 3-4g、三七 5-6g、杏仁 3-4g、桃仁 3_4g、厚补 2. 5-3. 5g、积实 3-4g、香附 4-5. 5g、槟郎 3-4g、巴豆 1. 5-2. 3g、获考:5. 5-6. 5g、菌 麻子 4. 5-5. 5g、生地 2. 5-3. 5g、元参 2. 5-3. 5g、天花粉 2. 5-3. 5g、鸡血藤 6-7g、当归 6-7g、 元胡4. 5-5. 5g、牛夕4-5. 5g、防已4-5g、五倍子2-3g、姜黄4-5g、葛根4-5g、桑寄生4-5g、 黄芪4-5g、狗脊4-5g、杜仲4-5g、仙灵脾4-5g、甘姜7. 5-8. 5g、甘草5-6g ;所述C组原生药 药方由簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、辣椒油组成,所述簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、 按叶油、辣椒油占A组原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和 的重量百分比为簿荷脑0. 6-1 %、冰片0. 6-1 %、樟脑1-1. 6%、丁香油0. 6-1. 2%、按叶油 0• 6-1. 2%、辣椒油 1. 2-2%。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的外用追风透骨贴,其特征在于:A组原生药药方中的原生药中 甲珠、海龙、全虫、蜈蚣、白花蛇、蝉脱、簏茸、血竭、麻黄粉碎存储;藤黄、蜂胶粉、肉桂、血余 炭、火麻炭、牛角炭、生半下、蜜佗僧、皂角、自然铜烘干、粉碎、过80-120目萝后装筒密封。
3. 根据权利要求1所述的外用追风透骨贴,其特征在于:所述A组原生药药方中的原 生药中甲珠、海龙、全虫、蜈蚣、白花蛇、蝉脱、簏茸、血竭、麻黄、藤黄、蜂胶粉、肉桂、血余炭、 火麻炭、牛角炭、生半下、蜜佗僧、皂角、自然铜烘干,粉碎,过120目萝后装筒密封。
4. 根据权利要求1所述的外用追风透骨贴,其特征在于:所述B组中药提取物药方中 的中药提取物1克相当于8克相对应的原生药。
5. 根据权利要求1所述的外用追风透骨贴,其特征在于:所述B组中药提取物药方中 的中药提取物混匀装瓶密封保存。
6. -种权利要求1或2或3或4或5所述的外用追风透骨贴的制备方法,其特征在于: 它包括以下步骤: 步骤一 :1)按A组原生药药方秤取原料药一份;2)按B组中药提取物药方秤取中药 提取物一份;3)秤取新型改性膏药基质3-4份;4)按C组原生药药方组成原生药占A组 原生药药方、B组中药提取物药方和新型改性膏药基质总重量之和的重量百分比秤取簿 荷脑0. 6-1 %、冰片0. 6-1 %、樟脑1-1. 6%、丁香油0. 6-1. 2%、按叶油0. 6-1. 2%、辣椒油 1. 2-2% ; 步骤二:将新型改性膏药基质用不锈钢锅文火加热100-120度化开,搅拌匀后停止加 温,温度降到70-80度时,徐徐加入步骤一秤取的A组原生药和B组中药提取物药,充分搅 拌均匀,待温度降到60-70度左右时,将步骤一秤取的簿荷脑、冰片、樟脑、丁香油、按叶油、 辣椒油同时加入搅拌均匀即可得到混合物; 步骤三、用边长为12厘米的正方型贴布包裹8克直径5-8厘米、厚度0. 2-0. 3厘米的 步骤二制作的混合物即可;用边长为15厘米的正方形贴布包裹14g直径9-11厘米、厚度 0. 25-0. 35厘米的步骤二制作的混合物即可。
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