CN104434511B - Automatic subpackaging device for particle matter - Google Patents

Automatic subpackaging device for particle matter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104434511B
CN104434511B CN201410589533.8A CN201410589533A CN104434511B CN 104434511 B CN104434511 B CN 104434511B CN 201410589533 A CN201410589533 A CN 201410589533A CN 104434511 B CN104434511 B CN 104434511B
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Prior art keywords
particulate matter
rotating disk
packaging device
automatic sub
matter automatic
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CN104434511A (en
Inventor
顾振宇
张志刚
程望舒
金李勇
魏之喧
罗惠清
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Abstract

Provided is an automatic subpackaging device for particle matter in the technical field of daily necessities. The automatic subpackaging device comprises an upper cover with a spiral inlet and a flow guide plate, a rotary disc with a scattered inclined face and a drive sensing control module. The rotary disc and the upper cover are axially located and matched and movably nested, and the drive sensing control module drives the rotary disc to achieve rotary motion. The particle matter is separated automatically, the device has universality on the particle matter in different shapes and sizes, manual labor intensity is lowered, work efficiency is improved, contact type pollution is avoided, and distribution errors are reduced.

Description

Particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device of technical field of living goods, specifically a kind of particulate matter automatic subpackaging dress Put.
Background technology
At this stage, separation and counting for Small Solid particle are very big difficult problems, and many times, in paddy Thing, the industry such as food and medicine health needs this solid particulate matter heap of the same race carry out separate, obtain one one Granular state simultaneously counts.For a little examples, during medication, pharmacists's needs count certain number of in accordance with the requirement on prescription Powder gives patient.Or in the mechanism that candy is rewarded, child reaches target and can obtain a candy.Again or In the detection process of cereal, the grain such as corn and soybean, wheat is required for being separated into one one and is detected.And present, right In these operations, typically had been manually done by people, not only waste time and energy, the probability making mistake also greatly increases. and a lot of at present It is the large-scale industrial product for particular size shape mostly for detached product solution, they often have very Big volume is it is impossible to easily use in daily life.
Find through the retrieval to prior art, american documentation literature us7,258,248b2, publication date 2,007 8 21, Disclose a kind of medicinal cupping tablet cassette for medicine packing machine for medical bag installation, medicine There is a conical rotating body inside tank, make the tablet in the conical surface to drop in hole slot by the rotation of rotary body, then hole slot With some speed slower than taper swivel head in rotation, dropped down in one one cavity along corresponding size of tablet with that Come.But during the packing of this technology, particulate matter is contacted frequently with packaging device (escape recess), on the one hand increased particle Damaged probability, in addition can directly result in particulate matter residual.For avoiding particulate matter to use with, a kind of medicinal cupping can only correspond to a kind of medicine, And it is too low to dispense efficiency, particulate matter needs through counting compared with just completing packing after long displacement, when dealing with objects species a greater number When less, treatment effeciency is relatively low.Existing other technologies also have similar relative motion separation mechanism, but its effect is all difficult to meet Easy, quick, health the needs to packing for the people.
Chinese patent literature cn2764504y, open (bulletin) day 2006.03.15, discloses a kind of single of particulate matter Grain separator, including support, is provided with upper and lower two disks on support, is separator disk above, is rotation dish below, separator disk Bottom surface is provided with helical curve wire casing, offers material charging aperture, the end of the helical curve wire casing of described separator disk in separator disk top surface Hold as material discharging opening, rotation dish is placed on buncher.But this technical disadvantages is the separation effect to some solid particles Really unsatisfactory, if two tablet stackings or two capsules are parallel, just cannot be separated.
Content of the invention
The present invention is directed to deficiencies of the prior art, provides a kind of particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions, and the present invention includes: upper lid with spiral inlet and deflector, Rotating disk with dispersion inclined-plane and driving sensing control module, wherein: rotating disk is coordinated with upper lid axially position and activity is nested, Sensing control module drive rotating disk is driven to realize rotary motion.
Along being provided with diversion outlet, this diversion outlet is located at deflector end to the external edge of described upper lid
It is provided with apparatus for placing, the ring junction that this apparatus for placing is made up of some storage unit below described diversion outlet Structure.
Described driving sensing control module includes: the particle detections sensing be connected with adjustable speed motor and with controller Device, wherein: sensor is arranged at diversion outlet, controller detects the trigger of its output, counts and controlled motor runs speed Degree.
The present invention to realize particulate separation by way of automation, and the conventional particulate matter to different shape size There is universality, reduce hand labor intensity, improve operating efficiency, it is to avoid contact pollutes, reduce distribution error.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structure sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of upper lid and its spiral inlet;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of upper lid deflector;
Fig. 4 is the structure sectional view of upper lid and rotating disk;
In figure: drive sensing control module 0, upper lid 1, deflector 2, rotating disk 3, dispersion inclined-plane 4, spiral inlet 5, buffering window 6th, apparatus for placing 7, diversion outlet 8, column 9, motor 10, sensor 11.
Specific embodiment
Below embodiments of the invention are elaborated, the present embodiment is carried out under premised on technical solution of the present invention Implement, give detailed embodiment and specific operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following enforcements Example.
Embodiment 1
The particle that the present embodiment is directed to is medicine.
As shown in figure 1, the present embodiment includes: upper lid 1 with spiral inlet 5 and deflector 2, with dispersion inclined-plane 4 Rotating disk 3 and driving sensing control module 0, wherein: with the axially position cooperation of upper lid 1 and activity is nested, in the present embodiment for rotating disk 3 Sensing control module 0 is driven to be connected with rotating disk 3 and provide rotating torque, the relative motion of lid 1 and rotating disk 3 in realization.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, described spiral inlet 5 is located in the middle part of upper lid 1, and this spiral inlet 5 is curved-surface structure.This The central shaft of spiral inlet 5 and center of turntable overlapping of axles in embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, the section of described rotating disk 3 is many turnover curve l.In the present embodiment, this rotating disk 3 point Scattered inclined-plane 4 is made up of the ring rotation face 41,42,43 of some side edge, each ring rotation face be inclined upwardly for interval or Downward-sloping and equal not level.
As shown in figure 4, inner side and outermost ring rotation face, the i.e. first annular surfaces of revolution 41 and the 3rd ring rotation The level inclination in face 43 and rotating speed and particulate matter position radius meet following relation:
Wherein: ω is rotating disk angular speed, θ is dispersion inclined-plane radial direction Inclination angle, μ is the coefficient of friction of medicine particle and rotating disk, and r is the radius of particle position.Different level inclination dimensions in design Hold certain sliding friction outside particle and deflector, the speed of its change impact particle flow.The upper limit of rotary speed by turn The radius of disk outer rim and θ determine.
5 ° < θ < 45 ° in the present embodiment, μ determines, rotating disk outer edge radius are true according to design requirement by medicine and Disc material Fixed.
As shown in figure 3, described deflector 2 is to be vertically arranged, its horizontal profile is around gradually open form curve or class cincture Gradually open form curve, its underpart edge is matched with the surface undulation of rotating disk.Deflector 2 horizontal profile curve in the present embodiment is full Foot: r (θ)=a+b* (θ), wherein: r (θ) represents the distance put on curve according to central shaft, a represents center radius of circle, and b represents bent The size of the deflection of line.
In the present embodiment: a, b are determined by the size of particulate matter.
Being preferably provided with described deflector 2 prevents the buffering window 6 of particle packing, this buffering window size and away from deflector bottom The height at portion edge meets: when occurring to pile up, bottom particulate matter safety, and upper strata particulate matter passes through buffering window, and landing is returned and led Stream plate inner ring.
Dispersion inclined-plane 4 center of described rotating disk 3 is provided with the column 9 with the cooperation of spiral inlet axially position, this column Body 9 drives particle to flow into rotating disk from spiral inlet.This column gradually extend for bottom in the present embodiment and with dispersion inclined-plane 4 The taper of smooth excessiveness or horn-like curved-surface shape.
The outside of described upper lid 1 is provided with diversion outlet 8, and this diversion outlet 8 is located at the end of described deflector 2.
The bottom of described rotating disk 3 is preferably provided with apparatus for placing 7, the ring that this apparatus for placing 7 is made up of some storage unit Shape structure.
Described driving sensing control module 0 includes: the motor 10 of adjustable speed and the particle detections being connected with controller are passed Sensor 11, wherein: sensor 11 is arranged at diversion outlet 8, controller detects the trigger of its output, counts and controlled motor 10 speeds of service.
This device separation process is as follows: medicine is inputted by the spiral inlet of upper lid, and driven by rotary disc medicine enters from spiral inlet Enter center of turntable lowest part nearby, spiral inlet controls the flow of medicine, and these medicines continue to follow dial movement, and enter The passage that rotating disk is formed with deflector, climbs to disk edge under the pushing of deflector.Rotating disk sinks to adjusting using local turnover The pose of whole medicine particle, eliminates possible medicine stacking.In the speed driving sensing control module to control rotating disk separation medicine Meanwhile, it also controls the speed that annular drug storage lattice rotate, and two speed coordinate to ensure to fall into specific medicine lattice after medicine separation.
During use, patient pours the particulate matter taken into upper lid 1, and controller has determined that the daily particulate matter of patient is taken Dosage, and set the lattice number of annular drug storage lattice rotation, particulate matter is inputted to rotating disk 3 by upper lid 1, and rotating disk 3 rotates with separation Grain thing, detached particulate matter falls into apparatus for placing 7 successively via deflector 2, and patient opens lid 1 and rotating disk 3 is taken away and held dress Put 7, can carry with.
This apparatus structure is compact, using 130mm edge diameter rotating disk, can realize in low speed (less than 12 rpms) Being precisely separating of the tablet of 2~18mm diameter or length or capsule.The speed of device auto-dispensary reach 80 per minute, be people Work puts more than the three times of speed.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device is it is characterised in that include: upper lid with spiral inlet and deflector, carries The rotating disk on dispersion inclined-plane and driving sensing control module, wherein: rotating disk is coordinated with upper lid axially position and activity is nested, drives Rotary motion realized by sensing control module drive rotating disk;
The section of described rotating disk is many turnover curves, and described disperses inclined-plane by the ring rotation face structure of some side edge Become, each ring rotation face is inclined upwardly for interval or downward-sloping and equal not level.
2. particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described spiral inlet is located in upper lid Portion, this spiral inlet is curved-surface structure.
3. particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the level in described ring rotation face is inclined Angle and rotating speed and particulate matter position radius meet following relation:
Wherein: g is acceleration of gravity, ω is rotating disk angular speed, and θ is dispersion Inclined-plane radial rake, μ is the coefficient of friction of particulate matter and rotating disk, and r is the radius of particle position.
4. particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described deflector is to be vertically arranged, Its horizontal profile is the surface undulation kissing of its underpart edge and rotating disk around gradually open form curve around gradually open form curve or class Close.
5. the particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device according to claim 1 or 3, is characterized in that, described deflector is provided with anti- The only buffering window of particle packing.
6. particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the center of described rotating disk be provided with upper The column of lid spiral inlet axially position cooperation.
7. particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the outside of described upper lid is provided with water conservancy diversion Outlet, this diversion outlet is located at the end of described deflector.
8. particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device according to claim 7, is characterized in that, is provided with Sheng below described diversion outlet Put device, the loop configuration that this apparatus for placing is made up of some storage unit.
9. particulate matter automatic sub-packaging device according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described driving sensing control module bag Include: the motor with adjustable speed and the particle detections sensor being connected with controller, wherein: sensor is arranged at diversion outlet, Controller detects the trigger of its output, counts and the controlled motor speed of service.
CN201410589533.8A 2014-10-28 2014-10-28 Automatic subpackaging device for particle matter Active CN104434511B (en)

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CN104434511B true CN104434511B (en) 2017-01-25

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105109722A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-02 苏州捷碧医疗科技有限公司 Full-automatic medicine distributing and supplying system and automatic solid medicine separating method

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2764504Y (en) * 2005-02-01 2006-03-15 杨红卫 Single particle separator for particles
US7258248B2 (en) * 2004-04-20 2007-08-21 Jvm Co., Ltd. Tablet cassette for medicine packing machine
CN201086855Y (en) * 2007-07-31 2008-07-16 上海嘉迪机械有限公司 Packaging machine filling system with metering device
CN101288623A (en) * 2008-06-06 2008-10-22 北京和利时自动化驱动技术有限公司 Granular formulation dispensing and controlling method and device using the method
CN201528525U (en) * 2009-03-22 2010-07-21 张志学 Rotating disc type gauge of sprue spreader
CN202337379U (en) * 2011-10-08 2012-07-18 吴生阳 Particle subpackage mechanism
CN102869577A (en) * 2010-03-23 2013-01-09 克瑞提姆株式会社 Automatic free-form tablet dispenser for medication packaging device and method for dispensing tablets thereby
CN203158303U (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-08-28 甘肃大有农业科技有限公司 Adjustable landing quantitative grain counter
CN103754416A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-30 常州鸿臻电子技术有限公司 Automatic tablet counting machine

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7258248B2 (en) * 2004-04-20 2007-08-21 Jvm Co., Ltd. Tablet cassette for medicine packing machine
CN2764504Y (en) * 2005-02-01 2006-03-15 杨红卫 Single particle separator for particles
CN201086855Y (en) * 2007-07-31 2008-07-16 上海嘉迪机械有限公司 Packaging machine filling system with metering device
CN101288623A (en) * 2008-06-06 2008-10-22 北京和利时自动化驱动技术有限公司 Granular formulation dispensing and controlling method and device using the method
CN201528525U (en) * 2009-03-22 2010-07-21 张志学 Rotating disc type gauge of sprue spreader
CN102869577A (en) * 2010-03-23 2013-01-09 克瑞提姆株式会社 Automatic free-form tablet dispenser for medication packaging device and method for dispensing tablets thereby
CN202337379U (en) * 2011-10-08 2012-07-18 吴生阳 Particle subpackage mechanism
CN203158303U (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-08-28 甘肃大有农业科技有限公司 Adjustable landing quantitative grain counter
CN103754416A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-30 常州鸿臻电子技术有限公司 Automatic tablet counting machine

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