CN104431526A - Development of liquid preparation of prawn growth promoting agent - Google Patents

Development of liquid preparation of prawn growth promoting agent Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104431526A
CN104431526A CN201410752556.6A CN201410752556A CN104431526A CN 104431526 A CN104431526 A CN 104431526A CN 201410752556 A CN201410752556 A CN 201410752556A CN 104431526 A CN104431526 A CN 104431526A
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CN
China
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liquid
prawn
vitamin
bacillus subtilis
saccharomyces cerevisiae
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CN201410752556.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋增福
许维素
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苏州埃瑞特生物技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201410752556.6A priority Critical patent/CN104431526A/en
Publication of CN104431526A publication Critical patent/CN104431526A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a liquid preparation of a prawn growth promoting agent. The liquid preparation is prepared from bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, a fermentation bacteria liquid of lactobacillus acidophilus, vitamin C-2-polyphosphoester, vitamin E, magnesium sulfate and zinc sulfate. The liquid preparation has the advantages that the activity of protease, diastase and lipase in hepatopancreas and intestinal tracts of the prawn can be significantly increased by the liquid preparation of the prawn growth promoting agent; the feed coefficient is obviously reduced; the growth of the prawn is promoted, thus the culture cycle is shortened; the culturing cost and the risk are reduced; and meanwhile, the non-specific immune function of the prawn can also be significantly improved, and thus the defense capability on diseases is significantly improved.

Description

A kind of development of liquid preparation of prawn growth promotion preparation

Technical field

The present invention relates to aquaculture field, specifically, is a kind of development of liquid preparation of prawn growth promotion preparation.

Background technology

Prawn feed is as one of means of production most important in culture of Penaeus vannamei (having accounted for 50-70 part of totle drilling cost), and the immune disease-resistance power, the speed of growth, feed coefficient, cultivation survival rate, culture benefit etc. of its quality parameter on prawn body all have important impact.Due to the problem such as medicament residue and bacillary drug resistance, restriction uses antibiotic cry more and more higher in the world, if during cultivating, its producing level to feed is improved by adding growth promoter in prawn feed, meet its demand to nutriment, just can improve the speed of growth of prawn, body disease-resistant power, thus improve survival rate and the vigor of prawn, just can reduce or even stop to use antibiotic in seedling raising process.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is for deficiency of the prior art, liquid preparation of a kind of prawn growth promotion preparation and its preparation method and application is provided.

For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of liquid preparation of prawn growth promotion preparation, the active ingredient of the liquid preparation of described prawn growth promotion preparation is made up of the liquid fermentation bacterium liquid of bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, lactobacillus acidophilus and vitamin C-2-polyphosphate, vitamin E, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, and in described zymocyte liquid, the viable count of bacillus subtilis and lactobacillus acidophilus is respectively 10 9-10 10cfu/g, the viable count of saccharomyces cerevisiae is 10 8-10 9cfu/g, each parts by weight of raw materials in described liquid preparation: bacillus subtilis 22-25 part, saccharomyces cerevisiae 18-20 part, lactobacillus acidophilus 3-5 part, vitamin C-2-polyphosphate 10-12 part, vitamin E 5-8 part, magnesium sulfate 0.1-0.3 part, zinc sulfate 0.2-0.4 part.

Each parts by weight of raw materials in described liquid preparation: bacillus subtilis 25 parts, saccharomyces cerevisiae 19 parts, lactobacillus acidophilus 4 parts, vitamin C-2-polyphosphate 12 parts, vitamin E 6 parts, 0.2 part, magnesium sulfate, 0.3 part, zinc sulfate.

The preparation method of described liquid preparation comprises the following steps: bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, lactobacillus acidophilus are carried out respectively liquid fermentation and culture and obtain corresponding liquid fermentation bacterium liquid, wherein the viable count of bacillus subtilis and lactobacillus acidophilus is respectively 10 9-10 10cfu/g, the viable count of saccharomyces cerevisiae is 10 8-10 9cfu/g, mixes described liquid fermentation bacterium liquid with vitamin C-2-polyphosphate, vitamin E, magnesium sulfate and zinc sulfate, obtained described liquid preparation.

Described liquid preparation is as the application of prawn feed additive.

The addition of described liquid preparation in prawn feed is 0.5%-1%.

The invention has the advantages that:

Prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention significantly can increase the activity of protease, amylase and lipase in the liver pancreas of prawn and enteron aisle, reduce feed coefficient significantly, promote prawn growth, thus Shortening culturing period, reduce aquaculture cost and risk, can also nonspecific immunity of prawns be significantly improved simultaneously, thus improve it significantly to the defence capability of disease.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with embodiment, detailed description of the invention provided by the invention is elaborated.

The invention provides a kind of liquid preparation of prawn growth promotion preparation, the active ingredient of the liquid preparation of described prawn growth promotion preparation is made up of the liquid fermentation bacterium liquid of bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, lactobacillus acidophilus and vitamin C-2-polyphosphate, vitamin E, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, and in described zymocyte liquid, the viable count of bacillus subtilis and lactobacillus acidophilus is respectively 10 9-10 10cfu/g, the viable count of saccharomyces cerevisiae is 10 8-10 9cfu/g, each parts by weight of raw materials in described liquid preparation: bacillus subtilis 22-25 part, saccharomyces cerevisiae 18-20 part, lactobacillus acidophilus 3-5 part, vitamin C-2-polyphosphate 10-12 part, vitamin E 5-8 part, magnesium sulfate 0.1-0.3 part, zinc sulfate 0.2-0.4 part.

The preparation method of described liquid preparation, comprise the following steps: bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, lactobacillus acidophilus are carried out respectively liquid fermentation and culture and obtain corresponding liquid fermentation bacterium liquid, wherein the viable count of bacillus subtilis and lactobacillus acidophilus is respectively 10 9-10 10cfu/g, the viable count of saccharomyces cerevisiae is 10 8-10 9cfu/g, mixes described liquid fermentation bacterium liquid with vitamin C-2-polyphosphate, vitamin E, magnesium sulfate and zinc sulfate, obtained described liquid preparation.

Embodiment 1 bacillus subtilis liquid fermentation

Bacillus subtilis (Bacillus subtilis) bacterial strain is pressed the order cultivation of inclined-plane, liquid seeds, liquid fermentation, slant medium is conventional nutrient agar medium, and liquid seed culture medium is conventional nutrient meat soup fluid nutrient medium; Liquid fermentation medium formula (W/V): sucrose 4%, beancake powder 8%, corn steep liquor 1%, MgSO 47H 2o 0.03%, CaCl 20.5%, KH 2pO 40.2%, fermentation temperature 30 DEG C, aerlbic culture 24-48h.Obtain the zymocyte liquid of high concentration, wherein viable count 10 9-10 11cfu/g.

Embodiment 2 saccharomyces cerevisiae liquid fermentation

Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) is inoculated in brewer's yeast culture medium and cultivates, wherein in brewer's yeast culture medium, each raw material and percentage by weight are: molasses 15%, ammonium sulfate 3%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%, pH value 5.5, cultivation temperature 30 DEG C.Obtain the zymocyte liquid of high concentration, wherein viable count 10 8-10 9cfu/g.

Embodiment 3 lactobacillus acidophilus liquid fermentation

Lactobacillus acidophilus (Lactobacillus acidophilus) is inoculated in lactobacillus acidophilus culture medium and cultivates, wherein in lactobacillus acidophilus culture medium, each raw material and percentage by weight are: dregs of beans 3%, glucose 2%, yeast extract 2%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%, epsom salt 0.05%, pH value 5.5, cultivation temperature 35 DEG C.Obtain the zymocyte liquid of high concentration, wherein viable count 10 9-10 11cfu/g.

The preparation of the liquid preparation of embodiment 4 prawn growth promotion preparation

Bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, lactobacillus acidophilus are carried out respectively fermented and cultured and obtain corresponding liquid fermentation bacterium liquid, wherein the viable count of bacillus subtilis and lactobacillus acidophilus is respectively 10 9-10 10cfu/g, the viable count of saccharomyces cerevisiae is 10 8-10 9cfu/g, by bacillus subtilis 22 parts, saccharomyces cerevisiae 18 parts, lactobacillus acidophilus 3 parts, vitamin C-2-polyphosphate 10 parts, vitamin E 5 parts, 0.1 part, magnesium sulfate, the mixing of 0.2 part, zinc sulfate, obtained described liquid preparation.

The preparation of the liquid preparation of embodiment 5 prawn growth promotion preparation

Bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, lactobacillus acidophilus are carried out respectively fermented and cultured and obtain corresponding liquid fermentation bacterium liquid, wherein the viable count of bacillus subtilis and lactobacillus acidophilus is respectively 10 9-10 10cfu/g, the viable count of saccharomyces cerevisiae is 10 8-10 9cfu/g, by bacillus subtilis 25 parts, saccharomyces cerevisiae 19 parts, lactobacillus acidophilus 4 parts, vitamin C-2-polyphosphate 12 parts, vitamin E 6 parts, 0.2 part, magnesium sulfate, the mixing of 0.3 part, zinc sulfate, obtained described liquid preparation.

The preparation of the liquid preparation of embodiment 6 prawn growth promotion preparation

Bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, lactobacillus acidophilus are carried out respectively fermented and cultured and obtain corresponding liquid fermentation bacterium liquid, wherein the viable count of bacillus subtilis and lactobacillus acidophilus is respectively 10 9-10 10cfu/g, the viable count of saccharomyces cerevisiae is 10 8-10 9cfu/g, by bacillus subtilis 25 parts, saccharomyces cerevisiae 20 parts, lactobacillus acidophilus 5 parts, vitamin C-2-polyphosphate 12 parts, vitamin E 8 parts, 0.3 part, magnesium sulfate, the mixing of 0.4 part, zinc sulfate, obtained described liquid preparation.

The facilitation that embodiment 7 the present invention grows prawn and Evaluation of Biocompatibility

Get Penaeus Vannmei a collection of, the long 8.1cm of average body, average weight 7.3g.Support after 3 days temporarily, be divided into control group (C) and experimental group (E), often organize each 150 tail prawns.Experimental group prawn is thrown something and fed the commodity prawn feed (" permanent emerging board " No. 2, penaeus vannamei boone feed material) being added with 1% prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention, and control group is is then only thrown something and fed above-mentioned commodity prawn feed.Control group and experimental group are thrown something and fed 3 times every day.Record the feed consumption of each group.Temperature of cultivation 30 DEG C, changes water secondary every day, changes water 50% at every turn.On average within every 15 days, get 20 tail shrimp statistical weights, then take out liver and weigh, calculate liver body index.45 days culture-cycles, add up 3 times altogether, after 45 days, add up feed coefficient.The results are shown in Table 1.

Table 1 the present invention is to the growth-promoting effect of Penaeus Vannmei

From table 1: along with the culture-cycle increases, throw something and feed with the addition of feed of the present invention experimental group compared with control group, body weight increase is obvious gradually, and liver body index reduces obvious gradually.At the end of experiment, average weight difference compared with control group of experimental group prawn is obvious; Liver body index difference compared with control group of experimental group prawn is obvious; After calculating, feed coefficient reduces 15.4%.Illustrate thus, in the cultivation of prawn, use prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention can reduce feed coefficient significantly, promote prawn growth, thus Shortening culturing period, reduce aquaculture cost and risk.The use of prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention also significantly improves the marketing quality of prawn, adds dressing percentage.In addition, this result also shows in conjunction with hemolytic experiment: prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention has biological safety.

From the statistics of variety classes digestive enzyme activity, the influence degree of amylase activity is maximum, is secondly protease, and the influence degree of lipase active is minimum; Viewed from the statistics of the digestive enzyme activity Different Organs, the influence degree of Activity of Digestive Enzymes in Intestine is maximum, and be secondly the digestive ferment of liver pancreas, the influence degree of the digestive enzyme activity of stomach is minimum.In test group liver pancreas and enteron aisle, protease and amylase activity are all higher than control group (P<0.05), significantly can increase the activity of protease, amylase and the lipase in the liver pancreas of prawn and enteron aisle after namely adding prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention.

Embodiment 8 the present invention is to the immunologic enhancement of prawn

1 materials and methods

1.1 test material

Get Penaeus Vannmei a collection of, specification is long (9.10 ± 0.12) cm of body, and body weight 5.00 ~ 7.00g, is in a good state of health.Test shrimp is divided into 2 groups, test group and control group at random, and often group establishes 3 repetitions, each repetition 50 tail, totally 300 tails.Raise in the non-toxic plastic aquarium that specification is 55cm × 40cm × 25cm.Test group is thrown something and fed the commodity prawn feed (" permanent emerging board " No. 2, penaeus vannamei boone feed material) being added with 1% prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention, and control group is thrown something and fed above commodity prawn feed.

1.2 test method

Inflate from supporting off-test temporarily, the depth of water remains on 25cm always, and water temperature is at 23 ~ 28 DEG C, and duration of test salinity remains on about 30 always, changes 1 water every day, changed the same day water used be the previous day through tanning by the sun process, quantity of exchanged water is 1/3 ~ 1/4.Throw something and feed every day 3 times, feeding volume is 4% ~ 7%, and decides as circumstances require.Experimental period is 30d.Sample in the 0th, 15 and 30d respectively, extract the mensuration that the blood of test group and control group shrimp, liver, muscle and tissue homogenate carry out index of correlation phenol oxidase (PO), SOD, lysozyme (LSZ).

2 results and discussion

2.1 prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparations of the present invention are on the impact (see table 2) of hepatocuprein (SOD) vigor in Penaeus Vannmei liver

Table 2 Penaeus Vannmei superoxide dismutase from liver (SOD) vigor (U/mg*prot)

Project 0d 15d 30d Control group 6.75±0.00 9.58±1.35 5.32±1.34 Test group 6.75±0.00 29.72±2.53** 14.45±1.21**

Note: between * * and control group, difference extremely significantly (P<0.01), * and control group significant difference (P<0.05).Following table is same.

Can be obtained by table 2 analysis, the sampling of 15d and 30d, the vigour changes of test group and control group SOD have extremely significant difference (P<0.01); And compare in the sampling of 3 time periods of control group, have certain difference, but difference is not significantly (P>0.05); In the sampling relatively of 3 time periods of test group, have larger difference, difference extremely significantly (P<0.01).Can be drawn by the analysis of above data, prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention is added in penaeus vannamei boone feed, the vigor of SOD in its liver can be made to be significantly improved, anti-oxidant vigor obviously strengthens, thus significantly improve nonspecific immunity of prawns, thus improve it significantly to the defence capability of disease.

2.2 prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparations of the present invention are on the impact (see table 3) of phenol oxidase (PO) in Penaeus Vannmei serum

Phenol oxidase (PO) vigor (U/mg*prot) in table 3 Penaeus Vannmei serum

Project 0d 15d 30d Control group 8.65±0.00 7.35±2.64 9.42±1.45 Test group 8.65±0.00 29.82±2.11** 18.54±2.21

Can be obtained by table 3 analysis, the sampling of 15d and 30d, the vigour changes of test group and control group SOD have extremely significant difference (P<0.01); And compare in the sampling of 3 time periods of control group, have certain difference, but difference is not significantly (P>0.05); In the sampling relatively of 3 time periods of test group, have larger difference, difference extremely significantly (P<0.01).Can be drawn by the analysis of above data, in penaeus vannamei boone feed, add prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention, the vigor of phenol oxidase in its serum can be made to be significantly improved.

2.3 prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparations of the present invention are on the impact (see table 4) of lysozyme (LSZ) vigor in Penaeus Vannmei serum

Lysozyme (LSZ) vigor (U/mg*prot) in table 4 Penaeus Vannmei serum

Project 0d 15d 30d Control group 7.55±0.00 11.22±3.13 9.46±2.21 Test group 7.55±0.00 27.13±1.12** 20.5±1.25*

Can analyze from table 4 and draw, feed in the sampled result of 15d, have the difference (P<0.01) of highly significant containing the vigor of LSZ in the Penaeus Vannmei serum of the test group of prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation feed of the present invention and control group; Also obvious difference (P<0.05) is had in the sampled result of 30d.This shows, adds the vigor that prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention obviously can activate lysozyme in prawn serum.

3 conclusions

Above experimental result display, prawn growth promotion preparation liquid preparation of the present invention has obvious action effect for the vigor of SOD superoxide dismutase in prawn liver, effectively can improve the vigor of the SOD in prawn liver; For the impact also highly significant of the vigor of PO and LSZ in serum, display the present invention with additive application in prawn feed, the growth of prawn can not only be promoted, can also nonspecific immunity of prawns be significantly improved, thus improve it significantly to the defence capability of disease.

The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the inventive method; can also make some improvement and supplement, these improve and supplement and also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the liquid preparation of a prawn growth promotion preparation, it is characterized in that, the active ingredient of the liquid preparation of described prawn growth promotion preparation is made up of the liquid fermentation bacterium liquid of bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, lactobacillus acidophilus and vitamin C-2-polyphosphate, vitamin E, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, and in described zymocyte liquid, the viable count of bacillus subtilis and lactobacillus acidophilus is respectively 10 9-10 10cfu/g, the viable count of saccharomyces cerevisiae is 10 8-10 9cfu/g, each parts by weight of raw materials in described liquid preparation: bacillus subtilis 22-25 part, saccharomyces cerevisiae 18-20 part, lactobacillus acidophilus 3-5 part, vitamin C-2-polyphosphate 10-12 part, vitamin E 5-8 part, magnesium sulfate 0.1-0.3 part, zinc sulfate 0.2-0.4 part.
2. liquid preparation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, each parts by weight of raw materials in described liquid preparation: bacillus subtilis 25 parts, saccharomyces cerevisiae 19 parts, lactobacillus acidophilus 4 parts, vitamin C-2-polyphosphate 12 parts, vitamin E 6 parts, 0.2 part, magnesium sulfate, 0.3 part, zinc sulfate.
3. liquid preparation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the preparation method of described liquid preparation comprises the following steps: bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, lactobacillus acidophilus are carried out respectively liquid fermentation and culture and obtain corresponding liquid fermentation bacterium liquid, wherein the viable count of bacillus subtilis and lactobacillus acidophilus is respectively 10 9-10 10cfu/g, the viable count of saccharomyces cerevisiae is 10 8-10 9cfu/g, mixes described liquid fermentation bacterium liquid with vitamin C-2-polyphosphate, vitamin E, magnesium sulfate and zinc sulfate, obtained described liquid preparation.
4. according to the application of the arbitrary described liquid preparation of claim 1-3 as prawn feed additive.
5. application according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the addition of described liquid preparation in prawn feed is 0.5%-1%.
CN201410752556.6A 2014-12-10 2014-12-10 Development of liquid preparation of prawn growth promoting agent CN104431526A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105166460A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-23 岳阳市岳阳楼区乐胜珍珠研究所 Growth promoter using khellinone for aquatic animals

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105166460A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-23 岳阳市岳阳楼区乐胜珍珠研究所 Growth promoter using khellinone for aquatic animals

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